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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#1
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090109/substance-use-attitudes-behaviors-education-and-prevention-in-colleges-of-pharmacy-in-the-united-states
#2
REVIEW
Samah F Al-Shatnawi, Matthew Perri, Henry N Young, Merrill Norton
This review describes and summarizes student pharmacists' substance use behavior in the United States. Current literature indicates that there are problems with alcohol and other drug use among student pharmacists. Although researchers have found variations in the type and rate of reported substance use, significant proportions of student pharmacists were identified as being at high risk for substance use disorders (SUDs). Findings from this review suggest that pharmacy schools should encourage and stimulate more research in order to implement effective screening and early intervention programs in an effort to address this important student health issue...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090107/developing-a-framework-for-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-using-the-nominal-group-technique
#3
Safeera Y Hussainy, Matthew F Crum, Paul J White, Ian Larson, Daniel T Malone, David T Manallack, Joseph A Nicolazzo, Jennifer McDowell, Angelina S Lim, Carl M Kirkpatrick
Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090100/description-and-evaluation-of-an-mpharm-practice-based-experience-pilot-program
#4
Philip Winn, Christopher J Turner
Objective. To determine the level of support among pharmacists in central Scotland to serve as mentors and provide practice-based experience to students enrolled in a master of pharmacy degree program. Methods. A study was conducted during the 2011-2012 academic year in which first-year MPharm students in Scotland were paired with practicing pharmacists for 2 half-day visits per month. The students were integrated into the pharmacy workflow and engaged in activities ranging from date checking to counseling patients...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090099/first-year-pharmacy-students-views-on-their-chosen-professional-career
#5
Lezley-Anne Hanna, Fergal Askin, Maurice Hall
Objective. To investigate what factors influenced students to study pharmacy and determine in which sector they hoped to gain employment, both in the short and longer term. Methods. First-year pharmacy students (n=124) were invited to complete a paper-based, self-administered questionnaire consisting of 4 sections. Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were conducted. Results. One hundred (96.8% response rate) students completed the questionnaire (22.5% male; 77.5% female). Key influential factors for choosing pharmacy included: enjoyment of science at school, a desire to improve people's health and wellbeing, and to work in health care...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089608/piloting-the-united-kingdom-prescribing-safety-assessment-with-pharmacist-prescribers-in-scotland
#6
Fiona Reid, Ailsa Power, Derek Stewart, Anne Watson, Leon Zlotos, Derna Campbell, Trudi McIntosh, Simon Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Prescribing is a complex task requiring considerable knowledge and skills. The Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) was developed by the British Pharmacological Society and the United Kingdom (UK) Medical Schools Council. Between February and June 2014, over 7000 final year medical students undertook the PSA, with an overall pass rate of 94%. Independent prescribing for suitably trained pharmacists was introduced in the UK in 2006. To date there has been little focus on any objective measures of prescribing safety...
January 6, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063773/the-implementation-of-a-naloxone-rescue-program-in-university-students
#7
Shannon G Panther, Brenda S Bray, John R White
OBJECTIVE: Responding to the nationwide opioid overdose epidemic, Washington State University initiated a naloxone safety net project intending to increase awareness of opioid overdose, increase the availability of naloxone, and examine university students' perceptions regarding the usefulness of a novel, large-group audience-training model. SETTING: A Washington State University campus. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: In September 2014, university students were recruited to attended a large-group audience training event which included opioid overdose prevention, recognition, and first response...
January 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058977/the-shrinking-of-formalized-nutrition-education-in-health-professions-curricula-and-postgraduate-training
#8
Gordon S Sacks
The quantity of formalized nutrition education is shrinking in curricula of health professions, such as physicians, nurses, dietitians, and pharmacists. The current nutrition education being taught in U.S. schools of healthcare professionals does not appropriately prepare students for identification of patients at nutrition risk or management of undernourished hospitalized patients with specialized nutrition therapies. In U.S. schools of pharmacy, parenteral nutrition is considered a highly specialized and advanced practice so little time is devoted to this area and more attention is focused on chronic disease state management (ie, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure)...
January 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#9
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028277/-significance-of-allowing-pharmacy-students-to-attend-visits-to-home-care-patients
#10
Noriko Kobashi, Hazuki Takahashi, Yuka Sakae, Tomomi Ikegawa, Yuya Yamashita, Junko Karasawa, Junichi Shiota, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
In 2006, with the admission of a new batch of students, pharmaceutical education became a 6-year course. This was a result of the urgent need to train a new generation of pharmacists to respond to increasingly advanced and intricate medical care as well as the specific need to coordinate with multiple occupational categories. Meanwhile, with Japan becoming an aged society, medical care has undergone functional differentiation, and home care is now being promoted. As part of an 11- week practical course for 5th-year practical training, students attended visits to home care patients from an early stage, making it possible for them to be present at multiple visits...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018149/knowledge-gain-of-pharmacy-students-and-pharmacists-comparing-simulation-versus-traditional-learning-methodology
#11
Mary Grace Cravens, Kim Benner, Jennifer Beall, Mary Worthington, Brenda Denson, Amber Q Youngblood, J Lynn Zinkan, Nancy M Tofil
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference between education via written materials alone and written materials enhanced with hands-on simulation. METHODS: A simulation case, educational module, and assessment regarding torsades de pointes (TdP) in an adolescent patient were designed. The written educational module was given to all study participants. A total of 92 third-year pharmacy students and 26 pharmacists participated in the study. RESULTS: When approximately half of the participants had been to simulation, an anonymous assessment was given...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999471/use-of-simulated-patient-approach-to-assess-the-community-pharmacists-knowledge-of-appropriate-use-of-metered-dose-inhaler
#12
Sunday O Nduka, Maureen U Anetoh, Kosisochi C Amorha, Okechukwu O Henry, Mathew J Okonta
RATIONALE: The pharmacist charged with the responsibility of drug administration and counseling should have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to demonstrate the use of metered dose inhalers (MDIs) to asthma patients for the maximization of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the community pharmacists' knowledge of the appropriate use of MDIs in Anambra State, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in two major cities in Anambra State, Nigeria, using 41 registered community pharmacists...
September 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981600/the-effect-of-pharmacists-on-ward-rounds-measured-by-the-stopp-start-tool-in-a-specialized-geriatric-unit
#13
K Mulvogue, J A Roberts, I Coombes, N Cottrell, S Kanagarajah, A Smith
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The STOPP/START tool has been validated to assess elderly patients for potentially inappropriate prescribing. This study aimed to assess the effect of inclusion of a pharmacist on a physician-led ward round on potentially inappropriate prescribing in hospitalized elderly patients. METHODS: This was an observational study of prescribing for patients using the STOPP/START tool at three points during hospital stay; admission to hospital, on transfer to the specialized geriatric unit and on discharge from hospital...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981413/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-anti-stigma-intervention-on-pharmacy-students-willingness-to-counsel-people-living-with-mental-illness
#14
Benita A Bamgbade, Jamie C Barner, Kentya H Ford
Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p < 0...
December 15, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968914/massive-misuse-of-antibiotics-by-university-students-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Xiao-Min Wang, Xu-Dong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats to global population health this century, and is a major contributor to rising healthcare costs worldwide. The primary cause of this resistance is antibiotic misuse, especially routine inappropriate use of antibiotics for self-limiting illnesses. In China, over prescribing of antibiotics is pervasive leading to very high and increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance in both hospital-acquired and community-acquired infections...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899839/practical-insights-for-the-pharmacist-educator-on-student-engagement
#16
REVIEW
Douglas R Oyler, Frank Romanelli, Peggy Piascik, Jeff Cain
Student engagement continues to be a point of emphasis in pharmacy education, yet there remains little data on tangible means to increase organic student engagement. This review attempts to better define student engagement, draws from educational theorists to emphasize the importance of student engagement, and provides the reader with practice philosophies that can be used across of variety of teaching settings to help develop an engaging learning environment.
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899838/use-of-an-auditory-hallucination-simulation-to-increase-student-pharmacist-empathy-for-patients-with-mental-illness
#17
Elizabeth T Skoy, Heidi N Eukel, Jeanne E Frenzel, Amy Werremeyer, Becky McDaniel
Objective. To increase student pharmacist empathy through the use of an auditory hallucination simulation. Design. Third-year professional pharmacy students independently completed seven stations requiring skills such as communication, following directions, reading comprehension, and cognition while listening to an audio recording simulating what one experiencing auditory hallucinations may hear. Following the simulation, students participated in a faculty-led debriefing and completed a written reflection. Assessment...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885711/the-importance-of-research-and-scholarly-activity-in-pharmacy-training
#18
Eli N Deal, Paul M Stranges, Whitney D Maxwell, Jennifer Bacci, Emily J Ashjian, David L DeRemer, Sandra L Kane-Gill, Nicholas B Norgard, Lauren Dombrowski, Robert B Parker
Regardless of practice setting, it is imperative that pharmacists be able to either participate in generating new knowledge or use the ever-expanding body of literature to guide patient care. However, competing priorities in Pharm.D. curricula and residency training programs have resulted in limited emphasis on acquiring research and scholarly skills. Factors likely contributing to this reduced focus include the lack of curricular and postgraduate training standards emphasizing the development of research skills, time to commit to scholarly activity, and accessibility to experienced mentors...
December 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883270/pharmacovigilance-skills-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-our-future-doctors-a-nationwide-study-in-the-netherlands
#19
Tim Schutte, Jelle Tichelaar, Michael O Reumerman, Rike van Eekeren, Robert Rissmann, Cornelis Kramers, Milan C Richir, Eugène P van Puijenbroek, Michiel A van Agtmael
Pharmacovigilance centres monitor the safety of drugs, based on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported by doctors, pharmacists and pharmaceutical companies. However, the underreporting of ADRs remains a major problem. Our aim was to investigate preparedness of future doctors for their role in pharmacovigilance, by assessing their pharmacovigilance awareness, skills and knowledge. The study was a nationwide e-survey among medical students (third to sixth year) of all eight medical schools in the Netherlands...
November 24, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875604/integration-of-pharmacy-students-into-family-medicine-residency-clinics
#20
Matthew D Kostoff, Tiffany R Shin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As interprofessional education opportunities become more prevalent within family medicine residency clinics, the benefit of the integration of pharmacy students is unclear in the current literature. Our study objective was to determine the impact of pharmacy student integration into a family medicine residency clinic on family medicine residents' attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration and satisfaction. METHODS: Twenty-two pharmacy students on clinical rotation were individually paired with family medicine residents for approximately 4-5 half days per week over a 10-month period...
November 2016: Family Medicine
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