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Student pharmacist

Nibal R Chamoun, Rony Zeenny, Hanine Mansour
Background Pharmacists' involvement in patient care has improved the quality of care and reduced medication errors. However, this has required a lot of work that could not have been accomplished without documentation of interventions. Several means of documenting errors have been proposed in the literature but without a consistent comprehensive process. Recently, the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) recognized that pharmacy practice lacks a consistent process for direct patient care and discussed several options for a pharmaceutical care plan, essentially encompassing medication therapy assessment, development and implementation of a pharmaceutical care plan and finally evaluation of the outcome...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel, Caitrin W McDonough, Amanda R Elsey, Benjamin Burkley, Larisa H Cavallari, Julie A Johnson
Objective. To evaluate the impact of personal genotyping and a novel educational approach on student attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs regarding pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine. Methods. Two online elective courses (pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine) were offered to student pharmacists at the University of Florida using a flipped-classroom, patient-centered teaching approach. In the pharmacogenomics course, students could be genotyped and apply results to patient cases. Results. Thirty-four and 19 student pharmacists completed the pharmacogenomics and genomic medicine courses, respectively, and 100% of eligible students (n=34) underwent genotyping...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Charlene R Williams, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Wendy C Cox, Greene Shepherd
Objective. To determine if student pharmacists' preferences towards experiential and rational thinking are associated with performance on advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) and whether thinking style preference changes following APPEs. Methods. The Rational Experiential Inventory (REI), a validated survey of thinking style, was administered to student pharmacists before starting APPEs and re-administered after completing APPEs. APPE grades were compared to initial REI scores. Results. Rational Experiential Inventory scores remained consistent before and after APPEs...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Greg L Alston, Dawn M Battise, Michael W Neville
Objective. To examine whether pharmacy students characterized as low performers at the conclusion of their first semester remained low performers throughout their academic career. Methods. Bottom quartile performance on first semester grade point average (GPA) was compared to licensing examination success, cumulative grade point average at the end of the didactic education and whether the student graduated on time, using cross tabulation analysis. Relative risk ratios and confidence intervals were calculated...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Laura L Bio, Brandon J Patterson, Sanchita Sen, Angela L Bingham, Jane F Bowen, Benjamin Ereshefsky, Laura A Siemianowski
Objective. To identify the temporal effect and factors associated with student pharmacist self-initiation of interventions during acute patient care advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPE). Methods. During the APPE, student pharmacists at an academic medical center recorded their therapeutic interventions and who initiated the intervention throughout clinical rotations. At the end of the APPE student pharmacists completed a demographic survey. Results. Sixty-two student pharmacists were included. Factors associated with lower rates of self-initiated interventions were infectious diseases and pediatrics APPEs and an intention to pursue a postgraduate residency...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Bahareh Bahman Bijari, Morteza Zare, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Azam Bazrafshan, Amin Beigzadeh, Maryam Esmaili
Objectives: To determine which professional and humanistic attributes demonstrated by teachers in the health disciplines caused them to be perceived by students as positive or negative role models. Methods: Quantitative empirical data were gathered using a self-administered questionnaire by graduating students in medical, dentistry, and pharmacy schools at Kerman University of Medical Sciences. A total of 3 graduating cohorts, comprising about 220 students, were selected for this study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Karen Luetsch, Judith Burrows
BACKGROUND: Graduate and post-graduate education for health professionals is increasingly delivered in an e-learning environment, where automated, continuous formative testing with integrated feedback can guide students' self-assessment and learning. Asking students to rate the certainty they assign to the correctness of their answers to test questions can potentially provide deeper insights into the success of teaching, with test results informing course designers whether learning outcomes have been achieved...
October 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Jin Tokunaga, Norito Takamura, Yasuyuki Kourogi, Misato Imada, Ayaka Kozasa, Kanako Komori, Chisa Ono, Akie Nishimura, Kenji Ogata, Nao Setoguchi, Toshikazu Matsuoka, Mitsuhiro Kai, Keizo Sato, Kazuhiko Arimori
 We utilized the information and communication technology to develop the physical assessment (PA) learning materials in the virtual experience type. This learning material consists of two parts which include case learning and basic learning. We created example scenarios about various conditions that a pharmacist may experience in medical scenes such as in a hospital ward, community pharmacy, home, and drugstore. Illustrations of a virtual patient's avatar before and after taking the medicines were incorporated in the learning materials...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Diana Malaeb, Souheil Hallit, Pascale Salameh
Vitamin D inadequacy, frequently underdiagnosed, affects people of all age groups worldwide. This prospective study aims at determining the percentage of inadequate vitamin D levels among students and evaluating the impact of pharmacist counseling on raising the awareness of the importance of sun exposure and adequate vitamin D intake. A total of 160 university students were recruited. Blood samples were taken to check the vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorous levels. Vitamin D levels ⩽30ng/mL were defined as inadequate...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Alissa A Scalise, Gabrielle S Ležaja, Eric C Nemec, Joshua J Spooner, Daniel R Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To determine the attributes of postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) community pharmacy residency applicants and candidates that are most appealing to community residency program directors (CRPDs). DESIGN: A 22-question online survey, designed to collect residency demographics, desirable characteristics for consideration for interview invitation (applicants), and characteristics that should be displayed during an interview (candidates). SETTING: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP)-recognized community pharmacy residency programs (CPRPs)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Lisa J Woodard, Skye McKennon, Jennifer Danielson, Judy Knuth, Peggy Odegard
Objective. To develop and assess the impact of an elective course aimed at improving student knowledge of and confidence in delivering a group diabetes prevention program. Design. Two colleges of pharmacy collaborated to develop a 2-credit elective course using didactic and active-learning strategies to prepare students to serve as lifestyle coaches offering a proven group diabetes prevention program. Assessment. Students' confidence in their ability to deliver a group diabetes prevention program increased as a result of the class...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Deanne L Hall, Kristine S Schonder, Karen S Pater, Melissa S McGivney, Susan M Meyer
Objective. To create and implement a standardized data collection tool for capturing student-patient interactions in direct and simulated patient care activities. Design. Faculty members and students determined key elements, design, and an implementation plan for the tool, which was to be used by students across professional years to quantify numbers and types of interactions with patients for tracking student progression toward achievement of curricular outcomes. Assessment. During the 2013-2014 academic year, 27 778 entries were completed, with 17 767 (64%) advanced pharmacy practice experiences, 7272 (26%) introductory pharmacy practice experiences, and 2739 (10%) simulation...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Leslie A Hamilton, Andrea Franks, R Eric Heidel, Sharon L K McDonough, Katie J Suda
Objective. To assess student preferences regarding online learning and technology and to evaluate student pharmacists' social media use for educational purposes. Methods. An anonymous 36-question online survey was administered to third-year student pharmacists enrolled in the Drug Information and Clinical Literature Evaluation course. Results. Four hundred thirty-one students completed the survey, yielding a 96% response rate. The majority of students used technology for academic activities, with 90% using smart phones and 91% using laptop computers...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jill S Bates, Larry W Buie, Lindsey B Amerine, Scott W Savage, Stephen F Eckel, Rachana Patel, John M Valgus, Kamakshi Rao, Rowell Daniels
PURPOSE: The outcomes of a patient-centered layered learning practice model (LLPM) in which the clinical specialist acted as the attending pharmacist and managed a pharmacy team to provide direct patient care were evaluated. METHODS: Two 30-day evaluations were conducted on the acute care malignant hematology and medical oncology services of the University of North Carolina Medical Center in 2011. The primary objective of this study was to design an LLPM that used a team to expand the pharmacist care services offered...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
A Guérin, J-F Bussières
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to assess the position of Quebec pharmaceutical community about pharmaceutical ethics statements. The second objective was to compare the level of agreement of pharmacy students and hospitals pharmacists. METHOD: Survey conducted one day given in 2012 and 2013 for students in 2013 and from 29/08/2014 to 02/09/2014 for pharmacists. A questionnaire of eight themes and 43 statements was developed: training and education (5 questions), clinical research (7) advertising and marketing (5) evaluation (5) dispensing medication (4), pharmaceutical care (9) economic aspect (6) and code of ethics (2)...
September 19, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Monireh Ghazaeian, Hamid Reza Mehrazin, Mohammad Sistanizad, Mirmohammad Miri
Medication errors are one of the important factors that increase fatal injuries to the patients and burden significant economic costs to the health care. An appropriate medical history could reduce errors related to omission of the previous drugs at the time of hospitalization. The aim of this study, as first one in Iran, was evaluating the discrepancies between medication histories obtained by pharmacists and physicians/nurses and first order of physician. From September 2012 until March 2013, patients admitted to the post CCU of a 550 bed university hospital, were recruited in the study...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
August 25, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Yoshito Zamami, Toru Imai, Masaki Imanishi, Kenshi Takechi, Naoko Shiraishi, Toshihiro Koyama, Hidenori Sagara, Yasukazu Shiino, Toshiaki Sendo, Keisuke Ishizawa
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacists are participating in team-based medical care in emergency hospitals. Therefore, there is a desperate need to improve the education system. In the present study, we provided a "pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training" to the students in their fifth and sixth year of the pharmaceutical school and evaluated the program's impact on the students' learning and confidence in their ability to perform pharmaceutical interventions for emergency patients. METHODS: We conducted a pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training program with 12 participants who were in their fifth and six year of pharmaceutical school...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
Faika Zanjani, Lauren Crook, Rachel Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
OBJECTIVES: To examine rural and urban pharmacy staff perceptions on messaging, barriers, and motivators for preventing alcohol and medication interactions (AMI) in older adults (≥65 years of age). METHODS: A survey was distributed through the local pharmacist association and statewide pharmacy registry in Kentucky. A total of 255 responses were received from pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacy students. RESULTS: Across rural and urban regions alike, among the AMI prevention messages provided, participants identified the most important messages to be: AMI can be potentially dangerous and life threatening; emergency rooms should be used when experiencing an AMI; and doctors and pharmacists should be consulted about AMI...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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