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Postprandial syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396034/epidemiology-clinical-characteristics-and-associations-for-symptom-based-rome-iv-functional-dyspepsia-in-adults-in-the-usa-canada-and-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#2
Imran Aziz, Olafur S Palsson, Hans Törnblom, Ami D Sperber, William E Whitehead, Magnus Simrén
BACKGROUND: The population prevalence, clinical characteristics, and associations for Rome IV functional dyspepsia are not known. Following the publication of the Rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders, we aimed to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and associations for symptom-based Rome IV functional dyspepsia in adults across the USA, Canada, and the UK. METHODS: We sent an internet-based cross-sectional health survey to adults in the general population of three English-speaking countries: the USA, Canada, and the UK...
January 29, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396033/new-insights-into-functional-dyspepsia-further-evidence-for-postprandial-distress-syndrome-as-a-distinct-disease
#3
Michael Potter, Nicholas J Talley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394834/-splenic-artery-left-common-iliac-artery-bypass-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-celiac-artery-compression-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yutaka Takeda, Masao Yoshitatsu, Yoshiteru Katsura, Takuya Sakamoto, Hiroki Mizoguchi, Takashi Shirakawa, Junichi Inatome, Kohei Murakami, Atsushi Naito, Yoshinori Kagawa, Toru Masuzawa, Atsushi Takeno, Chiyomi Egawa, Kohei Murata
Celiac artery compression syndrome(CACS)is a rare disorder characterized by postprandial intestinal angina caused by insufficient blood supply to the gastrointestinal organs. In this syndrome, the root of the celiac artery is compressed and narrowed by the median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm during expiration, sometimes causing difficulties in trans-arterial intervention. We report here a case that trans-hepatic arterial intervention was able to performed by splenic bypass. A 74- year-old man with multiple hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)was performed the angiography, and diagnosed as CACS due to celiac artery root obstruction...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362766/effects-of-calorie-restriction-plus-fish-oil-supplementation-on-abnormal-metabolic-characteristics-and-the-iron-status-of-middle-aged-obese-women
#5
Fasty Arum Utami, Hsiu-Chuan Lee, Chien-Tien Su, Yu-Ru Guo, Yu-Tang Tung, Shih-Yi Huang
The increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles has led to a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) worldwide as well as in Taiwan. Middle-aged women are at a greater risk of MetS, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease than men because they have more subcutaneous fat and larger waist circumferences compared with men with equal visceral fat levels. In this study, we investigated the effects of calorie restriction (CR) and fish oil supplementation (CRF) on middle-aged Taiwanese women with MetS...
January 24, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351765/retrospective-analysis-of-insulin-responses-to-standard-dosed-oral-glucose-tests-ogts-via-naso-gastric-tubing-towards-definition-of-an-objective-cut-off-value
#6
Tobias Warnken, Julien Delarocque, Svenja Schumacher, Korinna Huber, Karsten Feige
BACKGROUND: Insulin dysregulation (ID) with basal or postprandial hyperinsulinemia is one of the key findings in horses and ponies suffering from the equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). Assessment of ID can easily be performed in clinical settings by the use of oral glucose challenge tests. Oral glucose test (OGT) performed with 1 g/kg bodyweight (BW) glucose administered via naso-gastric tube allows the exact administration of a defined glucose dosage in a short time. However, reliable cut-off values have not been available so far...
January 19, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344328/management-of-functional-dyspepsia-state-of-the-art-and-emerging-therapies
#7
REVIEW
Hiroshi Yamawaki, Seiji Futagami, Mako Wakabayashi, Noriko Sakasegawa, Shuhei Agawa, Kazutoshi Higuchi, Yasuhiro Kodaka, Katsuhiko Iwakiri
Patients with functional dyspepsia, defined in the 2016 Rome IV criteria as bothersome clinical dyspepsia symptoms, experience markedly reduced quality of life. Several etiologies have been associated with the disorder. In the Rome IV criteria, the brain-gut axis was acknowledged as an important factor in the etiology of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. The distinct subgroups of functional dyspepsia, epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS), are treated differently: acid secretion inhibitors are recommended with patients with EPS, whereas prokinetic drugs as mosapride and acotiamide are recommended for patients with PDS...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338714/the-effects-of-metformin-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Selvihan Beysel, Ilknur Ozturk Unsal, Muhammed Kizilgul, Mustafa Caliskan, Bekir Ucan, Erman Cakal
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study investigated the effect of adding metformin to pharmacologic insulin dosing in type 1 diabetics on insulin therapy 1 year after treatment compared with patients on insulin therapy alone. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with type 1 diabetes who had metformin added to their insulin therapy for 12 months were compared with 29 adults with type 1 diabetes who remained on insulin-alone therapy. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients with C peptide negative-type 1 diabetics (26 females, mean age: 29...
January 16, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326420/fasting-and-glucose-induced-thermogenesis-in-response-to-three-ambient-temperatures-a-randomized-crossover-trial-in-the-metabolic-syndrome
#9
K Pathak, R J Woodman, A P James, M J Soares
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Cold exposure increases thermogenesis and could improve insulin sensitivity. We hypothesized a blunted response in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty older adults 59 ± 10.4 years (with MetS, MetS+, n = 9; without MetS, MetS-, n = 11) completed a randomized crossover design of 3.5 h exposures to 20, 25 and 27 °C on three visits. After an hour's rest at the desired temperature, resting metabolic rate (RMR), respiratory quotient (RQ), forearm to fingertip gradients (FFG), and in the ear temperature (IET) were measured over 30 min...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315999/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-acotiamide-in-functional-dyspepsia-postprandial-distress-syndrome-results-from-the-european-phase-3-open-label-safety-trial
#10
J Tack, J Pokrotnieks, G Urbonas, C Banciu, V Yakusevich, I Bunganic, H Törnblom, Y Kleban, P Eavis, M Tsuchikawa, T Miyagawa
BACKGROUNDS: Acotiamide is a novel acetylcholinesterase inhibitor for treatment of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) symptoms of functional dyspepsia (FD). This European phase 3 open-label safety trial has been conducted to evaluate the long-term safety of acotiamide and explore the efficacy of acotiamide on PDS symptoms using the validated LPDS, quality of life using SF-36 and SF-NDI, and work productivity using WPAI. METHODS: FD-PDS patients (defined by ROME III criteria) aged ≥18 years with active PDS symptoms and without predominant overlapping symptoms of epigastric pain syndrome and related disorders were enrolled to receive 100 mg acotiamide three times daily for 1 year...
January 8, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315425/possible-mechanisms-of-postprandial-physiological-alterations-following-flavan-3-ol-ingestion
#11
Naomi Osakabe, Junji Terao
Foods rich in flavan 3-ols are known to prevent cardiovascular diseases by reducing metabolic syndrome risks, such as hypertension, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. However, the mechanisms involved in this reduction are unclear, particularly because of the poor bioavailability of flavan 3-ols. Recent metabolome analyses of feces produced after repeated ingestion of foods rich in flavan 3-ols may provide insight into the chronic physiological changes associated with the intake of flavan 3-ols. Substantial postprandial changes have been reported after flavan 3-ol ingestion, including hemodynamic and metabolic changes as well as autonomic and central nervous alterations...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297503/cholecystectomy-a-way-forward-and-back-to-metabolic-syndrome
#12
EDITORIAL
Gabriella Garruti, David Q-H Wang, Agostino Di Ciaula, Piero Portincasa
The gallbladder provides rhythmic secretion of concentrated bile acids (BAs) during fasting and postprandially contributes to digestion of dietary lipids. In addition, BAs activate metabolic pathways governing gluco-lipid homeostasis and energy expenditure via the farnesoid X nuclear receptor (FXR), G protein-coupled BA receptor 1 (GPBAR-1), and fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) in the liver, intestine, brown fat, and muscle. Cholecystectomy is standard treatment worldwide for symptomatic gallstone patients...
January 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277089/-rumination
#13
REVIEW
Moo In Park
Rumination syndrome is one of the functional gastroduodenal disorders. Effortless and repetitive regurgitation of recently ingested food from the stomach to the oral cavity followed by rechewing and reswallowing or spitting are the characteristic clinical features. This disorder is believed to be uncommon, but many patients with this disorder are overlooked by their physicians. Rumination might be caused by a reversal of the gastric contents through the esophagogastric junction, which is initiated by an increase in intragastric pressure...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231497/-effect-and-postoperative-reactions-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-for-prediabetes
#14
Ning Xue, Jianbin Zhang, Zhaoxin Xia, Nili Da
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect and safety of acupoint catgut embedding for prediabetes. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with prediabetes were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 43 cases in each one. Diabetes health education was applied in the two groups. Catgut embedding was used at bilateral Pishu (BL 20), Weiwanxiashu (EX-B 3), Ganshu (BL 18), Shenshu (BL 23), and Zusanli (ST 36) in the observation group, once every 15 days for 6 times...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219202/disturbance-of-gut-satiety-peptide-in-purging-disorder
#15
Pamela K Keel, Lisa A Eckel, Britny A Hildebrandt, Alissa A Haedt-Matt, Jonathan Appelbaum, David C Jimerson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about biological factors that contribute to purging after normal amounts of food-the central feature of purging disorder (PD). This study comes from a series of nested studies examining ingestive behaviors in bulimic syndromes and specifically evaluated the satiety peptide YY (PYY) and the hunger peptide ghrelin in women with PD (n = 25), bulimia nervosa-purging (BNp) (n = 26), and controls (n = 26). Based on distinct subjective responses to a fixed meal in PD (Keel, Wolfe, Liddle, DeYoung, & Jimerson, ), we tested whether postprandial PYY response was significantly greater and ghrelin levels significantly lower in women with PD compared to controls and women with BNp...
January 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217651/interleukin-18-serum-level-is-elevated-in-type-2-diabetes-and-latent-autoimmune-diabetes
#16
Emanuela Zaharieva, Zdravko Kamenov, Tsvetelina Velikova, Adelina Tsakova, Yosif El-Darawish, Haruki Okamura
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an inflammatory cytokine found to be elevated in obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes (T2D) as a part of the chronic low-grade inflammatory process in these states. The aim of the study was to evaluate the interleukin level in patients with latent autoimmune diabetes of the adults (LADA) in comparison to that in T2D subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IL-18 was analyzed through Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay in 76 participants with T2D and 24 with LADA and 14 control subjects...
December 7, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208515/effectiveness-of-sitagliptin-in-a-patient-with-late-dumping-syndrome-after-total-gastrectomy
#17
Kotomi Kurihara, Anna Tamai, Yoko Yoshida, Yosuke Yakushiji, Hiroki Ueno, Mariko Fukumoto, Masayuki Hosoi
An 83-year-old man developed hypoglycemia after undergoing total gastrectomy for gastric cancer in 200X-4. The patient was admitted to our hospital in May 200X and placed on continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). Glycemic excursions were examined while on 3-meal/day (1700kcal) and 6-meal/day (1800kcal) diets. Oxyhyperglycemia followed about 2h later by a sudden drop in glucose levels was seen with both regimens. These findings were consistent with late dumping syndrome. CGM was continued, oral miglitol at 150mg/day or sitagliptin at 50mg/day was started, and glycemic excursions were compared...
November 29, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204239/wilkie-s-syndrome
#18
Renato Farina, Pietro Valerio Foti, Giuseppe Cocuzza, Valeria Costanzo, Giuliana Costanzo, Alessandro Conti, Alfredo Torcitto, Monica Pennisi
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, also known as Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare vascular disease caused by the anomalous course of the superior mesenteric artery arising from the abdominal aorta with a smaller angle than the norm (<22°). The reduced angle compresses the structures situated between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, such as the duodenum and left renal vein; this can determine painful crises, intestinal subocclusions, and left varicocele. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185149/laparoscopic-treatment-of-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-analysis-of-long-term-outcomes-and-predictive-factors
#19
Javier A Cienfuegos, Mateo G Estevez, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Fernando Pardo, Alberto Diez-Caballero, Isabel Vivas, Jose Ignacio Bilbao, Pablo Martí-Cruchaga, Gabriel Zozaya, Víctor Valentí, José Luis Hernández-Lizoáin, Fernando Rotellar
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic arcuate ligament release has been demonstrated a valid therapeutic option for arcuate ligament syndrome. Nevertheless, long-term follow-up and predictive factors have not been described for this treatment. METHODS: Clinical and surgical data and short- and long-term outcomes together with the impact of the degree of stenosis of the celiac trunk were analyzed in 13 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic arcuate ligament release between 2001 and 2013...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177065/patients-with-symptoms-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-have-a-high-prevalence-of-oesophageal-dysmotility-irrespective-of-scintigraphic-evidence-of-gastroparesis
#20
George Triadafilopoulos, Linda Nguyen, John O Clarke
Background: Patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis exhibit several symptoms, such as epigastric pain, postprandial fullness, bloating and regurgitation. It is uncertain if such symptoms reflect underlying oesophageal motor disorder. Aims: To examine whether patients with epigastric pain and postprandial distress syndrome suggestive of functional dyspepsia and/or gastroparesis also have concomitant oesophageal motility abnormalities and, if so, whether there are any associations between these disturbances...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
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