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Postprandial syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809820/certain-dietary-habits-contribute-to-the-functional-dyspepsia-in-south-china-rural-area
#1
Ji-Hao Xu, Yu Lai, Li-Ping Zhuang, Can-Ze Huang, Chu-Qiang Li, Qi-Kui Chen, Tao Yu
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) refers to a group of upper gastrointestinal syndromes, subdivided into two types: postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS). The etiology of FD remains unclear; however, unhealthy dietary habit is one potential underlying cause. We aim to explore the association of poor dietary habits with FD and its subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS A validated epidemiological questionnaire was designed to investigate dietary habits and gastrointestinal syndromes...
August 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793772/effect-of-dietary-lipids-on-endotoxemia-influences-postprandial-inflammatory-response
#2
Javier Lopez-Moreno, Sonia García-Carpintero, Rosa Jimenez-Lucena, Carmen Haro, Oriol A Rangel-Zúñiga, Ruth Blanco-Rojo, Elena Maria Yubero-Serrano, Francisco J Tinahones, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Helen M Roche, Jose Lopez-Miranda, Antonio Camargo
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) results in postprandial metabolic alterations that predisposes to a state of chronic low-grade inflammation and increased oxidative stress. We aimed to assess the effect of the consumption of the quantity and quality of dietary fat on fasting and postprandial plasma lipopolysaccharides (LPS). A subgroup of 75 subjects with metabolic syndrome was randomized to receive 1 of 4 diets: HSFA, rich in saturated fat; HMUFA, rich in monounsaturated fat; LFHCC n-3, low-fat, rich in complex carbohydrate diet supplemented with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; LFHCC low-fat, rich in complex carbohydrate diet supplemented with placebo, for 12 week each...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782273/up-regulation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-trpv-and-down-regulation-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-expression-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia-fd
#3
C K Y Cheung, L L Lan, M Kyaw, A D P Mak, A Chan, Y Chan, J C Y Wu
BACKGROUND: The role of immune activation in Functional Dyspepsia (FD) patients without previous infection is unclear. We compare the gastric and circulating brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), receptor potential vanilloid type (TRPV) families and various cytokines in FD patients. METHODS: Consecutive adult FD patients (Rome III) with no recent history of gastroenteritis and asymptomatic healthy controls were recruited for upper endoscopy. Subjects with GERD and IBS as predominant symptoms, diabetes mellitus, current or previous Helicobacter pylori infection, psychiatric illness and recent use of NSAID or PPI were excluded...
August 7, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762592/effect-of-intragastric-fodmap-infusion-on-upper-gastrointestinal-motility-gastrointestinal-and-psychological-symptoms-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-vs-healthy-controls
#4
I Masuy, L Van Oudenhove, J Tack, J R Biesiekierski
BACKGROUND: The low fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a treatment strategy to reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Acute effects of FODMAPs on upper gastrointestinal motility are incompletely understood. Our objectives were to assess the acute effects of intragastric FODMAP infusions on upper gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms in healthy controls (HC) and IBS patients. METHODS: A high-resolution solid-state manometry probe and an infusion tube were positioned into the stomach...
August 1, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758036/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-bouveret-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-choledochoduodenal-fistula-complicating-duodenal-ulcer
#5
Syed Hasan, Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Toseef Javaid, Nauman Siddiqui, Jamal Saleh, Abdallah Kobeissy, Ali Nawras
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystoduodenal fistulas represent the most common type of bilioenteric fistulas while choledochoduodenal fistulas account for only 1-25% of cases. Bilioenteric fistula cases are associated with cholelithiasis and are rarely associated with duodenal peptic ulcers. Here we present the first case of Bouveret syndrome secondary to choledochoduodenal fistula complicating peptic duodenal ulcer managed successfully via endoscopic mechanical lithotripsy. CASE: 86-year-old male with a medical history significant for coronary artery disease and stage 3 colorectal cancer status after resection and chemoradiation presented with intractable sharp abdominal pain worse postprandially for one week in duration, associated with early satiety, anorexia, and 5 lbs weight loss in one week...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744834/extra-adrenal-glucocorticoids-contribute-to-the-postprandial-increase-of-circulating-leptin-in-mice
#6
Yuka Tomabechi, Takeshi Tsuruta, Shinichi Saito, Martin Wabitsch, Kei Sonoyama
Leptin, an adipokine secreted by white adipocytes, is known for its function in regulating food intake and energy expenditure, but the mechanisms regulating its circulating levels is not fully understood. Our previous findings suggest that as yet unidentified humoral factors released from enterocytes are involved. The present study tested glucocorticoids (GCs) as candidate factors. Supplementation of corticosterone and cortisol promoted leptin production in murine adipocytes from the 3T3-L1 cell strain and human adipocytes from the Simpson Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) cell strain, respectively...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735851/assessing-beans-as-a-source-of-intrinsic-fiber-on-satiety-in-men-and-women-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Elizabeth J Reverri, Jody M Randolph, C Tissa Kappagoda, Eunyoung Park, Indika Edirisinghe, Britt M Burton-Freeman
Dietary fiber is well-known for its satiety inducing properties. Adding fibers to mixed dishes is one way to increase fiber intake. However, adding fibers to foods versus including foods inherently containing fiber may reveal differing effects on satiety. The present study aimed to explore the satiety effects of adding fiber to a mixed meal versus using beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) as a source of intrinsic fiber in the meal. In this pilot study, 12 men and women with metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to eat three standard meals in a crossover design on three different occasions that contained either no added fiber (control (NF)), extrinsic or added fiber (AF), or whole black beans as the source of intrinsic fiber (BN)...
July 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711557/postprandial-hypoglycemia-complication-of-peptic-ulcer-surgery
#8
Adnan Haider, James K Burks, Hira Cheema, Angel Tejada
OBJECTIVE: Billroth II procedures (gastrojejunostomy with vagotomy) are seldom performed now but were popular before the advent of histamine 2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors. Such procedures can be a cause of late postprandial hypoglycemia. METHODS: We performed a formal evaluation and discussion of postprandial hypoglycemia. RESULTS: We present a case of an 85-year-old man who presented to the endocrinology clinic with symptoms of "fainting spells after large meals...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709452/influence-of-the-patient-practitioner-interaction-context-on-acupuncture-outcomes-in-functional-dyspepsia-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Seok-Jae Ko, Jae-Woo Park, Jungtae Leem, Ted J Kaptchuk, Vitaly Napadow, Braden Kuo, Jessica Gerber, Laurie Dimisko, Inkwon Yeo, Junhee Lee, Jinsung Kim
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of functional dyspepsia, the placebo effect has been reported to be high, and the influence of the patient-practitioner relationship may be a major component of this effect. The specific and non-specific effects of acupuncture cannot be easily distinguished, and the patient-practitioner relationship may influence the total therapeutic effect in clinical practice. There have been no studies that investigate the influence of patient-practitioner relationship on acupuncture treatment for patients with functional dyspepsia...
July 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695660/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-menthacarin-a-proprietary-peppermint-and-caraway-oil-preparation-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-functional-dyspepsia
#10
G Rich, A Shah, N Koloski, P Funk, B Stracke, S Köhler, G Holtmann
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a very common condition affecting more than 10% of the population. While there is no cure, a few drugs have been found to be effective for the relief of symptoms, although most are only effective in a subgroup of patients. We assess and compare the efficacy of a fixed peppermint/caraway-oil-combination (Menthacarin) on symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with FD symptoms consistent with epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS)...
July 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693122/postprandial-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-in-a-child-as-a-late-complication-of-esophageal-reconstruction
#11
Rade Vukovic, Tatjana Milenkovic, Maja Djordjevic, Katarina Mitrovic, Sladjana Todorovic, Adrijan Sarajlija, Khalid Hussain
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (PHH) is an increasingly recognized complication of gastric bypass surgery in obese adults, distinct from the "dumping syndrome". CASE PRESENTATION: Upon birth, primary repair of esophageal atresia was performed, and at the age of 14 months definite esophageal reconstruction was performed. At the age of 3 years, recurrent brief episodes of symptomatic hypoglycemia started. At the age of 5.7 years the girl was admitted to our clinic and investigations indicated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682047/upper-gastrointestinal-conditions-nonmalignant-conditions-of-the-stomach
#12
Ku-Lang Chang, David S Estores
Functional dyspepsia can be categorized into two syndromes: postprandial distress syndrome and epigastric pain syndrome. Helicobacter pyloriinfection is one of the most common chronic infections worldwide. Acute H pylori infection causes dyspepsia, and chronic infection can cause peptic ulcer disease. H pylori also is one of the causative agents in gastric adenocarcinoma and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The incidence of H pylori infection varies among different ethnic populations and geographic locations...
July 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672750/postprandial-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-in-a-child-as-a-late-complication-of-esophageal-reconstruction
#13
Rade Vukovic, Tatjana Milenkovic, Maja Djordjevic, Katarina Mitrovic, Sladjana Todorovic, Adrijan Sarajlija, Khalid Hussain
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (PHH) is an increasingly recognized complication of gastric bypass surgery in obese adults, distinct from the "dumping syndrome". CASE PRESENTATION: Upon birth, primary repair of esophageal atresia was performed, and at the age of 14 months definite esophageal reconstruction was performed. At the age of 3 years, recurrent brief episodes of symptomatic hypoglycemia started. At the age of 5.7 years the girl was admitted to our clinic and investigations indicated hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660836/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-a-single-centre-experience-of-laparoscopic-duodenojejunostomy-as-the-operation-of-choice
#14
G C Kirby, E R Faulconer, S J Robinson, A Perry, R Downing
INTRODUCTION The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, or Wilkie's syndrome, is a rare cause of postprandial epigastric pain, vomiting and weight loss caused by compression of the third part of the duodenum as it passes beneath the proximal superior mesenteric artery. The syndrome may be precipitated by sudden weight loss secondary to other pathologies, such as trauma, malignancy or eating disorders. Diagnosis is confirmed by angiography, which reveals a reduced aorto-SMA angle and distance, and contrast studies showing duodenal obstruction...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658732/-good-s-syndrome-report-of-case
#15
Diana Andrea Herrera-Sánchez, José Israel León-Pedroza, María Eugenia Vargas-Camaño, María Isabel Castrejón-Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome is an association of thymoma and immunodeficiency. The symptoms are recurrent sinopulmonary infections in addition to the compressive side of thymoma. A laboratory finding is notable for the absence or decrease of B lymphocytes, hypogammaglobulinemia, inversion ratio CD4/CD8 and abnormal proliferative response to mitogens. CASE REPORT: Female, 49-year-old started five months earlier with lower limb edema, postprandial vomiting, dysphagia, chronic diarrhea and weight loss...
April 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640958/recommendations-for-revision-of-chinese-diagnostic-criterion-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-nationwide-study
#16
Ying Xing, Shaoyong Xu, Aihua Jia, Jing Cai, Mingwei Zhao, Jianhua Guo, Qiuhe Ji, Jie Ming
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) criterion proposed by Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) may have limitations, because it requires an additional 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (2 h-PPG) to diagnose hyperglycemia. We aimed to revise the CDS criterion by removing the 2 h-PPG test, and determining the optimal fasting plasma glucose (FPG) cutoff for diagnosis of hyperglycemia in the Chinese population. METHODS: We obtained the study population from 2007-2008 China Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634390/increased-glutamate-in-somatosensory-cortex-in-functional-dyspepsia
#17
Arthur D P Mak, Georg Northoff, David K W Yeung, Winnie C W Chu, Steve C N Hui, Cynthia Cheung, Jessica Ching, Linda Lam, Sing Lee, Justin Wu
Functional Dyspepsia-Post-prandial Distress Syndrome (FD-PDS) was associated with mood-related increases in resting activity and lowered activation threshold in the somatosensory cortex (SSC), insula and perigenual anterior cingulate cortex(pgACC) in functional imaging studies. The underlying cortical neurochemical changes are unknown. We performed proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H-MRS) on 17 consecutive tertiary clinic-recruited psychotropic-naïve Rome III FD-PDS female and 17 age-sex matched healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625693/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-replacement-of-the-esophagus-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Stefano Garritano, Tomoyuki Irino, Chiara Maria Scandavini, Andrianos Tsekrekos, Lars Lundell, Ioannis Rouvelas
BACKGROUND: The indications of esophageal replacement (ER) in pediatric patients include long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), intractable post-corrosive esophageal strictures (PCES), and some rare esophageal diseases. Various conduits and procedures are currently used worldwide with a lack of consensus regarding the ideal substitute to replace the esophagus replacement. The short-term outcomes of these advanced procedures are well known; there are few data available describing long-term functional outcomes of these patients with long life expectancy...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608050/metabolic-and-androgen-profile-in-underweight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
Olympia E Anastasiou, Ali Canbay, Dagmar Fuhrer, Susanne Reger-Tan
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder associated with insulin resistance and obesity. Aim of our study is to clarify the prevalence of underweight in PCOS patients and whether metabolic and androgen profiles of PCOS differ depending on normal or low body weight. METHODS: Out of 1269 consecutive patients with PCOS recruited from the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Duisburg-Essen, 19 patients (1.5%) were underweight and were compared to 375 lean PCOS subjects (29...
August 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605740/a-randomized-double-blind-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-famotidine-on-acotiamide-treatment-for-functional-dyspepsia
#20
Mariko Hojo, Akihito Nagahara, Daisuke Asaoka, Tsutomu Takeda, Kentaro Izumi, Kohei Matsumoto, Hiroya Ueyama, Yuji Shimada, Kenshi Matsumoto, Shuko Nojiri, Sumio Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acotiamide, a prokinetic drug, is used to treat functional dyspepsia (FD), especially postprandial distress syndrome (PDS). However, a treatment for FD patients with PDS and/or epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) has not been established. We investigated the efficacy of famotidine in combination with acotiamide for FD. METHODS: Fifty blindly randomized FD patients received placebo with acotiamide, or famotidine with acotiamide, for 4 weeks. Treatment efficacy was assessed by overall treatment effects (OTE), total, PDS and EPS symptom scores, and impairment of quality of life (QOL)...
2017: Digestion
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