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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110518/low-rates-of-predominant-breastfeeding-in-hospital-after-gestational-diabetes-particularly-among-indigenous-women-in-australia
#1
Catherine R Chamberlain, Alyce N Wilson, Lisa H Amir, Kerin O'Dea, Sandra Campbell, Dympna Leonard, Rebecca Ritte, Mary Mulcahy, Sandra Eades, Rory Wolfe
OBJECTIVES: To investigate rates of 'any' and 'predominant' breastfeeding in hospital among Indigenous and non-Indigenous women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective study of singleton infants born from July 2007 to December 2010 at Cairns Hospital, Australia, following GDM pregnancy, using linked hospital and birth data (n=617 infants), with a subsample of medical record reviews (n=365 infants). Aggregate data were used to compare to breastfeeding rates among infants born following non-GDM pregnancy (n=7,894 infants)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#2
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110481/pregnancy-associated-transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-results-of-a-case-control-study
#3
Peyman Hadji, Jelena Boekhoff, Melitta Hahn, Lars Hellmeyer, Olaf Hars, Ioannis Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of transient of osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) during pregnancy are still unclear, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results support the hypothesis that TOH is a multifactorial disease, which is associated with immobility, dental problems, and lack of exercise in childhood. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare but severe form of osteoporosis, which may affect a subgroup of women in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#4
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110332/role-of-insulin-in-placental-transport-of-nutrients-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
María Ruiz-Palacios, Antonio José Ruiz-Alcaraz, María Sanchez-Campillo, Elvira Larqué
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased fetal adiposity, which may increase the risk of obesity in adulthood. The placenta has insulin receptors and maternal insulin can activate its signaling pathways, affecting the transport of nutrients to the fetus. However, the effects of diet or insulin treatment on the placental pathophysiology of GDM are unknown. SUMMARY: There are very few studies on possible defects in the insulin signaling pathway in the GDM placenta...
January 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110238/pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-finding-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Akilew Awoke Adane, Leigh R Tooth, Gita D Mishra
AIMS: In a population-based cohort study we examined the associations between early adult pre-pregnancy weight change and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The study included 3111 women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. These women have been surveyed regularly since 1996. Women without diabetes and GDM were followed-up between 2003 and 2012. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the effect of baseline (1996, mean age 20years) and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the pre-pregnancy weight changes on the incidence of GDM...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110211/methyl-mercury-but-not-inorganic-mercury-associated-with-higher-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy
#7
Ellen M Wells, Julie B Herbstman, Yu Hong Lin, Joseph R Hibbeln, Rolf U Halden, Frank R Witter, Lynn R Goldman
Prior studies addressing associations between mercury and blood pressure have produced inconsistent findings; some of this may result from measuring total instead of speciated mercury. This cross-sectional study of 263 pregnant women assessed total mercury, speciated mercury, selenium, and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in umbilical cord blood and blood pressure during labor and delivery. Models with a) total mercury or b) methyl and inorganic mercury were evaluated. Regression models adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, prepregnancy body mass index, neighborhood income, parity, smoking, n-3 fatty acids and selenium...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110176/the-management-of-hiv-in-pregnancy-a-10-year-experience
#8
Sonia F Raffe, Charlotte Savage, Louisa A Perry, Amie Patel, Tricia Keith, Richard Howell, Robert Bradley, Rob Bomont, Katy Fidler, Yvonne Gilleece
OBJECTIVE: The package of care to reduce HIV mother to child transmission (MTCT) has evolved significantly since trials of ante and intrapartum antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1994. In the UK MTCT rate has fallen from 25.6% in the 1990s to 0.46%. We review the management of HIV in pregnancy in Brighton in the context of evolving guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: HIV, obstetric and neonatal notes of all HIV positive women, pregnant between 2003 and 2014, were reviewed. RESULTS: 97 pregnancies in 75 women were identified, resulting in 79 live births...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110175/ketogenic-diet-therapy-for-epilepsy-during-pregnancy-a-case-series
#9
Elles J T M van der Louw, Tanya J Williams, Bobbie J Henry-Barron, Joanne F Olieman, Johannes J Duvekot, Marijn J Vermeulen, Natalja Bannink, Monique Williams, Rinze F Neuteboom, Eric H Kossoff, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Mackenzie C Cervenka
PURPOSE: Evaluation of ketogenic diet (KD) therapies for seizure control during pregnancy when safety and appropriate management become considerations. Until now, no information has been available on seizure reduction and human pregnancy related outcomes in women treated with KD therapies. METHOD: We describe two cases of pregnant women with epilepsy treated with KD therapy either as monotherapy (Case 1) or as adjunctive therapy (Case 2). RESULTS: Case 1: A 27 year old woman, gravida1, started the classic KD with medium chain triglyceride (MCT) emulsion and 75g carbohydrate-restriction, later reduced to 47g...
December 26, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110162/pregnancy-with-gestational-hypertension-or-preeclampsia-a-qualitative-exploration-of-women-s-experiences
#10
Lynne M Roberts, Gregory K Davis, Caroline S E Homer
BACKGROUND: Hypertension complicates 10% of pregnancies and involves specialised care of the woman and her baby, a longer stay in hospital, and an increased risk of physical and mental morbidity. There is limited research reporting the woman's perspective on her experience, how she coped with it psychologically, and whether the care she received influenced her experience. AIM: To gain insight into women's experience of hypertension in pregnancy and to report on what mediating factors may help improve their experience...
January 10, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110159/manganese-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#11
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: One epidemiological study in Canada has addressed the association between zinc intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy while another epidemiological study in Korea has examined the association between iron intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The present cross-sectional study in Japan examined the association between intake of zinc, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: Study subjects were 1745 pregnant women...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110156/maternal-childhood-trauma-postpartum-depression-and-infant-outcomes-avoidant-affective-processing-as-a-potential-mechanism
#12
Karmel W Choi, Kathleen J Sikkema, Bavi Vythilingum, Lut Geerts, Sheila C Faure, Melissa H Watt, Annerine Roos, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Women who have experienced childhood trauma may be at risk for postpartum depression, increasing the likelihood of negative outcomes among their children. Predictive pathways from maternal childhood trauma to child outcomes, as mediated by postpartum depression, require investigation. METHODS: A longitudinal sample of South African women (N=150) was followed through pregnancy and postpartum. Measures included maternal trauma history reported during pregnancy; postpartum depression through six months; and maternal-infant bonding, infant development, and infant physical growth at one year...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110084/maternal-depression-and-family-adversity-linked-pathways-to-offspring-depression
#13
Jake M Najman, M Plotnikova, G M Williams, R Alati, A A Mamun, J Scott, A M Clavarino, N Wray
There is conflicting evidence about the contribution of maternal depression and family adversity to depression experienced by offspring. Because maternal depression and family adversity are related, there is a need to determine how they independently contribute to offspring depression. Data are from a long-running prospective birth cohort study (Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy and its outcomes - MUSP). For this study some 2200 offspring were followed up at 30 years of age. We first examine the association between maternal depression and family adversity over the period from the pregnancy to the child reaching adulthood...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109894/pregnancy-outcomes-following-direct-uterine-fibroid-thermal-ablation-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Julia Keltz, Mark Levie, Scott Chudnoff
The objective of this review is to describe the reproductive outcomes of women after radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation (RFVTA) of fibroids or magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgHIFU). This is a literature review of the current case reports of reproductive outcomes following direct fibroid thermal ablation at multiple academic and private centers throughout the world. A literature search was performed using PubMed and Medline. All publications that included data of women who underwent radiofrequency fibroid ablation or magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound of fibroids and subsequently conceived were included...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109736/social-disparities-in-the-relationship-between-depression-and-unintended-pregnancy-during-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#15
Kelli Stidham Hall, Jennifer L Richards, Kathleen Mullan Harris
PURPOSE: We investigated the influence of depression on subsequent risk of unintended pregnancy and social disparities within this relationship, during adolescence and young adulthood. METHODS: Drawing upon 15-year, nationally representative data from 8,810 young U.S. women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we estimated associations between depression and time to first pregnancies reported as unintended, overall and stratified by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and age with Cox proportional hazard models...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109710/univariate-predictors-of-maternal-concentrations-of-environmental-chemicals-the-mirec-study
#16
Antoine Lewin, Tye E Arbuckle, Mandy Fisher, Chun Lei Liang, Leonora Marro, Karelyn Davis, Nadia Abdelouahab, William D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus and pregnant woman can be exposed to a variety of environmental chemicals that may adversely affect their health. Moreover, environmental exposure and risk disparities are associated with different social determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES) and demographic indicators. Our aim was to investigate whether and how maternal concentrations of a large panel of persistent and non-persistent environmental chemicals vary according to sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in a large pregnancy and birth cohort...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109623/first-childbirth-experience-of-international-marriage-migrant-women-in-south-korea
#17
Min Sun Chu, Minna Park, Jung A Kim
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1990s, a large number of foreign women have migrated from developing countries to South Korea by means of international marriages. These nulliparous foreign women may experience more difficulties in pregnancy and childbirth than native Koreans. AIM: This study aimed to describe the meaning of the first childbirth experiences of international marriage migrant women marrying Korean men in South Korea. METHODS: This is a descriptive phenomenological study that included 10 participants using the purposive and snowball sampling in one multicultural support center in Seoul, South Korea...
January 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109592/short-communication-limitations-of-glucose-tolerance-tests-in-the-assessment-of-peripheral-tissue-insulin-sensitivity-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-in-dairy-heifers
#18
J De Koster, M Van Eetvelde, K Hermans, W Van den Broeck, M Hostens, G Opsomer
The aim of the present study was to point at the limitations of glucose tolerance tests (GTT) to assess peripheral tissue insulin sensitivity in dairy heifers in different physiological states (pregnancy and lactation). Intravenous GTT were performed in 5 nonpregnant, nonlactating heifers, 5 heifers at the end of pregnancy (12-7 d before calving), and 5 lactating primiparous cows (11-14 d after calving). Glucose and insulin concentrations were determined and area under the curve (AUC) and clearance rate of glucose and insulin were calculated...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109589/effects-of-precalving-body-condition-and-prepartum-feeding-level-on-gene-expression-in-circulating-neutrophils
#19
M A Crookenden, C G Walker, A Heiser, A Murray, V S R Dukkipati, J K Kay, S Meier, K M Moyes, M D Mitchell, J J Loor, J R Roche
Extensive metabolic, physiological, and immunological changes are associated with calving and the onset of lactation. As a result, cows transitioning between pregnancy and lactation are at a greater risk of metabolic and infectious diseases. The ability of neutrophils to mount an effective immune response to an infection is critical for its resolution, and increasing evidence indicates that precalving nutrition affects postpartum neutrophil function. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the effect of 2 precalving body condition scores (BCS; 4 vs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109583/detection-of-recombinant-human-lactoferrin-and-lysozyme-produced-in-a-bitransgenic-cow
#20
Germán G Kaiser, Nicolás C Mucci, Vega González, Lourdes Sánchez, José A Parrón, María D Pérez, Miguel Calvo, Juan F Aller, Federico A Hozbor, Adrián A Mutto
Lactoferrin and lysozyme are 2 glycoproteins with great antimicrobial activity, being part of the nonspecific defensive system of human milk, though their use in commercial products is difficult because human milk is a limited source. Therefore, many investigations have been carried out to produce those proteins in biological systems, such as bacteria, yeasts, or plants. Mammals seem to be more suitable as expression systems for human proteins, however, especially for those that are glycosylated. In the present study, a bicistronic commercial vector containing a goat β-casein promoter and an internal ribosome entry site fragment between the human lactoferrin and human lysozyme genes was developed to allow the introduction of both genes into bovine adult fibroblasts in a single transfection...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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