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Oocytes induction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402544/angiotensin-1-7-in-human-follicular-fluid-correlates-with-oocyte-maturation
#1
Ines K Cavallo, Cynthia Dela Cruz, Marilene L Oliveira, Helen L Del Puerto, Júlia A Dias, Veronica N Lobach, Maíra Casalechi, Maria G Camargos, Adelina M Reis, Robson A Santos, Fernando M Reis
STUDY QUESTION: Do angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) levels in human ovarian follicular fluid (FF) correlate with the number and proportion of mature oocytes obtained for IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: The present study shows for the first time that Ang-(1-7) levels in human FF correlate with the proportion of mature oocytes collected upon ovarian stimulation for IVF. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Ang-(1-7) is an active peptide of the renin-angiotensin system that stimulates oocyte maturation in isolated rabbit and rat ovaries...
April 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397300/effect-of-rapamycin-treatment-during-post-activation-and-or-in-vitro-culture-on-embryonic-development-after-parthenogenesis-and-in-vitro-fertilization-in-pigs
#2
F Elahi, H Lee, J Lee, S T Lee, C K Park, S-H Hyun, E Lee
This study investigated the effects of early induction of autophagy on embryonic development in pigs. For this, oocytes or embryos were treated with an autophagy inducer, rapamycin (RP), during post-activation (Pa), in vitro fertilization (IVF) and/or in vitro culture (IVC). When parthenogenesis (PA) embryos were untreated (control) or treated with various concentrations of RP for 4 hr during Pa, 100 nm RP showed a higher blastocyst formation (48.8 ± 2.7%) than the control (34.6 ± 3.0%). When PA embryos were treated during the first 24 hr of IVC, blastocyst formation was increased (p < ...
April 10, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368800/-corifollitropin-alfa-compared-to-daily-fsh-in-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-for-oocyte-donors
#3
M Benchabane, P Santulli, C Maignien, M Bourdon, D De Ziegler, C Chapron, V Gayet
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that corifollitropin alfa is as effective as daily FSH in controlled ovarian stimulation of oocyte donors. METHODS: From January 2013 to October 2015, 77 cycles controlled ovarian stimulation, derived from a continuous cohort of 77 oocyte donors, were analyzed. After synchronization by oestroprogestatif or estrogens, ovarian stimulation was started by corifollitropin alfa (Group corifollitropin alfa) or by daily FSH (Group daily FSH). In both groups, a GnRH antagonist was used for the prevention of premature surge of luteinizing hormone (LH)...
February 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367298/the-effect-of-coasting-on-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-outcome-in-antagonist-and-agonist-cycle
#4
Z Candan İltemir Duvan, Müberra Namlı Kalem, Yuksel Onaran, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Aylin Ayrım, Aslıhan Pekel, Hasan Kafalı, Nilgün Turhan
BACKGROUND: Coasting can reduce the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) risk in ovulation induction cycles before intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This study aimed to investigate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and GnRH antagonist protocols to controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycles with coasting on the parameters of ICSI cycles and the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, 117 ICSI cycles were per- formed and coasting was applied due to hyperresponse, between 2006 and 2011...
April 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364522/spindlin-1-is-essential-for-metaphase-ii-stage-maintenance-and-chromosomal-stability-in-porcine-oocytes
#5
Jeong-Woo Choi, Ming-Hui Zhao, Shuang Liang, Jing Guo, Zi-Li Lin, Ying-Hua Li, Yu-Jin Jo, Nam-Hyung Kim, Xiang-Shun Cui
Study question: What is the function of Spindlin 1 (Spin1) in metaphase II stage oocytes in pigs? Summary answer: Depletion of Spin1 induces spontaneous oocyte activation and overexpression of Spin1 causes multinuclear formation through induction of DNA damage in porcine oocytes. What is known already: Little is known about the function of Spin1 in oocytes and embryos. In mouse oocytes, Spin1 is specifically expressed during gametogenesis and is essential for meiotic resumption...
March 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323994/direct-regulation-of-histidine-ammonia-lyase-2-gene-by-thyroid-hormone-in-the-developing-adult-intestinal-stem-cells
#6
Nga Luu, Liezhen Fu, Kenta Fujimoto, Yun-Bo Shi
Most vertebrate organs use adult stem cells to maintain homeostasis and ensure proper repair when damaged. How such organ-specific stem cells are formed during vertebrate development is largely unexplored. We have been using the thyroid hormone (T3)-dependent amphibian metamorphosis to address this issue. Early studies in Xenopus laevis have shown that intestinal remodeling involves complete degeneration of the larval epithelium and de novo formation of adult stem cells through dedifferentiation of some larval epithelial cells...
April 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323970/obesity-modulates-inflammation-and-lipid-metabolism-oocyte-gene-expression-a-single-cell-transcriptome-perspective
#7
Meghan L Ruebel, Matthew Cotter, Clark R Sims, Dean M Moutos, Thomas M Badger, Mario A Cleves, Kartik Shankar, Aline Andres
Context: It is hypothesized that obesity adversely affects the ovarian environment which can disrupt oocyte maturation and may further impact embryonic development. Objective: This study aimed to compare oocyte gene expression profiles and follicular fluid (FF) content from overweight/obese (OW) women and normal weight (NW) women who were undergoing fertility treatments. Design: Using single cell transcriptomic analyses, we investigated oocyte gene expression using RNA-seq...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322775/pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-in-couples-with%C3%A2-infertility-with-and-without%C3%A2-assisted-reproductive-technology-with-an-emphasis-on%C3%A2-us-population-based-studies
#8
REVIEW
Barbara Luke
Infertility, defined as the inability to conceive within 1 year of unprotected intercourse, affects an estimated 80 million individuals worldwide, or 10-15% of couples of reproductive age. Assisted reproductive technology includes all infertility treatments to achieve conception; in vitro fertilization is the process by which an oocyte is fertilized by semen outside the body; non-in vitro fertilization assisted reproductive technology treatments include ovulation induction, artificial insemination, and intrauterine insemination...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306560/growth-hormone-in-ivf-cycles-any-hope
#9
Roger J Hart, Luk Rombauts, Robert J Norman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Growth hormone (GH) has been used as an adjunct in ovulation induction and IVF for 25 years, particularly as an adjunct to ovarian stimulation for women who had a previous poor response to stimulation in an IVF cycle. It does not have US Food and Drug Administration approval for this use. Unfortunately, due to the problems inherent with recruiting women who have undergone unsuccessful IVF treatment cycles and their inevitable low live birth rate per initiated cycle, many studies performed to date have been underpowered...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265462/fine-selection-of-up-regulated-genes-during-ovulation-by-in-vivo-induction-of-oocyte-maturation-and-ovulation-in-zebrafish
#10
Wanlada Klangnurak, Toshinobu Tokumoto
BACKGROUND: Two essential processes, oocyte maturation and ovulation, are independently induced, but proceed cooperatively as the final step in oogenesis before oocytes become fertilizable. Although these two processes are induced by the same maturation-inducing steroid, 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17, 20β-DHP), in zebrafish, it has been suggested that the receptor, and thus the signal transduction pathway is different for each process. Although much progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the induction of oocyte maturation, the mechanisms for inducing ovulation remain under investigation...
2017: Zoological Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257815/gadolinium-released-by-the-linear-gadolinium-based-contrast-agent-gd-dtpa-decreases-the-activity-of-human-epithelial-na-channels-enacs
#11
Fenja Knoepp, Joerg Bettmer, Martin Fronius
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium-based-contrast-agents (GBCAs) are used for magnetic-resonance-imaging and associated with renal and cardiovascular adverse reactions caused by released Gd(3+) ions. Gd(3+) is also a modulator of mechano-gated ion channels, including the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) that is expressed in kidney epithelium and the vasculature. ENaC is important for salt-/water homeostasis and blood pressure regulation and a likely target of released Gd(3+) from GBCAs causing the above-mentioned adverse reactions...
May 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253290/transcriptomic-features-of-pecten-maximus-oocyte-quality-and-maturation
#12
Marianna Pauletto, Massimo Milan, Arnaud Huvet, Charlotte Corporeau, Marc Suquet, Josep V Planas, Rebeca Moreira, Antonio Figueras, Beatriz Novoa, Tomaso Patarnello, Luca Bargelloni
The king scallop Pecten maximus is a high valuable species of great interest in Europe for both fishery and aquaculture. Notably, there has been an increased investment to produce seed for enhancement programmes of wild scallop populations. However, hatchery production is a relatively new industry and it is still underdeveloped. Major hurdles are spawning control and gamete quality. In the present study, a total of 14 scallops were sampled in the bay of Brest (Brittany, France) to compare transcriptomic profiles of mature oocytes collected by spawning induction or by stripping...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243539/inhibition-of-calcineurin-by-fk506-stimulates-germinal-vesicle-breakdown-of-mouse-oocytes-in-hypoxanthine-supplemented-medium
#13
Li Wang, Yan-Hong Zhen, Xiao-Ming Liu, Jing Cao, Yan-Ling Wang, Li-Jun Huo
Calcineurin (CN) is a serine/threonine phosphatase which plays important roles in meiosis maturation in invertebrate oocytes; however, the role of CN in mouse oocytes is relatively unexplored. In this study, we examined the expression, localization and functional roles of CN in mouse oocytes and granulosa cells. The RT-PCR results showed that the β isoform of calcineurin A subunit (Cn A) expressed significantly higher than α and γ isoforms, and the expression of Cn Aβ mRNA obviously decreased in oocytes in which germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) occurred, while only B1 of calcineurin B subunit (Cn B) was detected in oocytes and stably expressed during oocytes maturation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239035/characterization-of-membrane-progestin-receptor-%C3%AE-mpr%C3%AE-of-the-medaka-and-role-in-the-induction-of-oocyte-maturation
#14
Shimi Rani Roy, Jun Wang, Md Rubel Rana, Mikiko Nakashima, Toshinobu Tokumoto
Oocyte maturation in medaka is induced by the maturation-inducing hormone (MIH) via its membrane receptor. The most likely candidates for the membrane receptor are membrane progestin receptors (mPRs). In order to characterize the mPRα subtype of medaka, a human cell line expressing the mPRα gene of medaka was established and its steroid binding property was assessed. The α subtype exhibited high binding affinity for 17,20β-DHP, the MIH in medaka. Treatment with a morpholino antisense oligonucleotide to mPRα blocked oocyte maturation in vivo...
2017: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193316/polydatin-improves-the-developmental-competence-of-bovine-embryos-in-vitro-via-induction-of-sirtuin-1-sirt1
#15
Imran Khan, Sung Woo Kim, Kyung-Lim Lee, Seok-Hwan Song, Ayman Mesalam, M M R Chowdhury, Zia Uddin, Ki Hun Park, Il-Keun Kong
The aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effect of polydatin (PD), the glycoside form of resveratrol, on embryo development in vitro. Oocytes were aspirated from ovaries of Korean Hanwoo cows and cultured until Day 8 in a humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 38.5°C. Protein and gene expression levels were determined through confocal microscopy and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction respectively, whereas the number of total and apoptotic cells in Day 8 blastocysts was determined using Hoechst 33342 staining and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labelling...
February 14, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185602/impaired-hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis-activity-spermatogenesis-and-sperm-function-promote-infertility-in-males-with-lead-poisoning
#16
Jason Gandhi, Rafael J Hernandez, Andrew Chen, Noel L Smith, Yefim R Sheynkin, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
Lead poisoning is a stealthy threat to human physiological systems as chronic exposure can remain asymptomatic for long periods of time before symptoms manifest. We presently review the biophysical mechanisms of lead poisoning that contribute to male infertility. Environmental and occupational exposure of lead may adversely affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, impairing the induction of spermatogenesis. Dysfunction at the reproductive axis, namely testosterone suppression, is most susceptible and irreversible during pubertal development...
February 10, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144637/induction-of-fas-mediated-apoptosis-by-interferon-%C3%AE-is-dependent-on-granulosa-cell-differentiation-and-follicular-maturation-in-the-rat-ovary
#17
Hye-Jeong Lee, Ji Young Kim, Ji Eun Park, Yong-Dal Yoon, Benjamin K Tsang, Jong-Min Kim
Fas ligand (FasL) and its receptor Fas have been implicated in granulosa cell apoptosis during follicular atresia. Although interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) is believed to be involved in the regulation Fas expression in differentiated granulosa or granulosa-luteal cells, the expression of this cytokine and its role in the regulation of the granulosa cell Fas/FasL system and apoptosis during follicular maturation have not been thoroughly investigated. In the present study, we have examined the presence of IFN-γ in ovarian follicles at different stage of development by immunohistochemistry and related their relative intensities with follicular expression of Fas and FasL, and with differences in granulosa cell sensitivity to Fas activation by exogenous agonistic Anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (Fas mAb)...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112985/comparison-of-human-amniotic-chorionic-and-umbilical-cord-multipotent-mesenchymal-stem-cells-regarding-their-capacity-for-differentiation-toward-female-germ-cells
#18
Hamid Reza Asgari, Mohammad Akbari, Hossein Yazdekhasti, Zahra Rajabi, Shadan Navid, Fereshte Aliakbari, Niloufar Abbasi, Freidon Sargolzaei Aval, Alireza Shams, Mehdi Abbasi
Placenta harbors a plentiful source of various cells with stem cells or stem-like cell properties, which can be used in therapeutic procedures and research. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted much attention due to their specific differentiation potential and tolerogenic properties. MSCs have been isolated from different parts of placenta; however, in this study, we isolated MSCs from amnion and chorion membrane, as well as umbilical cord (Wharton's jelly [WJ]) and compared their capacity regarding differentiation toward female germ cells under influence of 10 ng/mL BMP4...
February 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070808/combined-positive-effect-of-oocyte-extracts-and-brilliant-cresyl-blue-stained-recipient-cytoplasts-on-epigenetic-reprogramming-and-gene-expression-in-buffalo-nuclear-transfer-embryos
#19
E M Sadeesh, Shah Fozia, Kataria Meena
This study examined the effects of buffalo oocyte extracts (BOE) on donor cells reprogramming and molecular characterisation of oocytes screened via brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) staining and comparison of gene expression profiles of developmentally important genes in blastocysts from IVF and cloned derived from BOE treated donor cells with BCB selected recipient cytoplasts. Relative abundance (RA) of OCT4 and NANOG was increased (P < 0.05) and HDAC-1, DNMT-1, and DNMT-3A decreased (P < 0.05) in extract treated cells (ETCs)...
April 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069903/improvement-of-in-vitro-produced-bovine-embryo-treated-with-coa-a-under-heat-stressed-condition
#20
Imran Khan, Kyeong-Lim Lee, Lianguang Xu, Ayman Mesalam, Mmr Chowdhury, Myeong-Don Joo, Ihsan-Ul- Haq, Bushra Mirza, Il-Keun Kong
Heat stress has large effects on reproduction including conception rate in cattle. In this study, we examined the effects of coagulansin-A (coa-A), a steroidal lactone, on acquired thermo tolerance during in vitro production of bovine embryos. Oocytes were incubated in in vitro maturation (IVM) media with or without coa-A at two different temperatures, 40.5 °C and 42 °C, for 20 h. The treatment of coa-A significantly improved blastocyst development only at 40.5 °C (P < 0.05). Interestingly, immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that coa-A induced heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), but significantly attenuated nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2)...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
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