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Applied behavioral analysis

Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Bernadett Eigner
I deal with children struggling with emotional and behavioral disorders, applying my own method, the Integrative Play Diagnostics and Play Therapy (IJDP - English: IPDT) while also cooperating with parents. During my Play Therapy work, I have worked with a mother who turned to me because of her child's behavioral problems. In the examination phase of our session, I have asked both mother and child to draw several pictures. From these drawings, I analyzed the human figure, mother-child, and bird nest themes, with a focus on behavior in order to understand their motives and dynamics of the spiritual processes, and to be able to plan the therapy and organize consultations with the parents...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Kymberly D Young, Vadim Zotev, Raquel Phillips, Masaya Misaki, Wayne C Drevets, Jerzy Bodurka
Advances in imaging technologies have allowed for the analysis of fMRI data in real-time (rtfMRI), leading to the development of neurofeedback (nf) training. This rtfMRI-nf training utilizes fMRI tomographic localization capacity to allow a person to see and regulate the localized hemodynamic signal from his or her own brain. In this review, we summarize the results of several studies that have developed and applied neurofeedback training to healthy and depressed individuals with the amygdala as the neurofeedback target and the goal to increase the hemodynamic response during positive autobiographical memory recall...
April 23, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Alex Marzel, Roger D Kouyos, Sara Reinschmidt, Katharina Balzer, Fabienne Garon, Monica Spitaleri, Nicolas Matthes, Paolo Suter, Rainer Weber, Cornelia Staehelin, Thanh Doco Lecompte, Philip Tarr, Helen Kovari
Background: Hypercholesterolemia is a well established risk factor for coronary heart disease and is highly prevalent among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can both directly modify total cholesterol and have drug-drug interactions with statins. This makes investigating modifiable behavioral predictors of total cholesterol a pertinent task. Methods: To explore the association between diet and physical activity with cross-sectionally measured total cholesterol, we administered a validated Food-Frequency-Questionnaire to participants of the Swiss HIV Cohort Study ≥45 years old...
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Ai-Hua Zhang, Jing-Bo Yu, Hui Sun, Ling Kong, Xiang-Qian Wang, Qing-Yu Zhang, Xi-Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Shengmai San (SMS), a Chinese classic herbal formula, has been widely used for the treatment of Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome in Asia. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that SMS improves the cognitive function. However, the quality markers (Q-markers) for SMS still need further research. PURPOSE: Using chinmedocmics strategy to systematically evaluate the efficacy of SMS in the treatment of APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to discover the efficacy-related Q-markers...
April 3, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Simone Sudbrack, Fernanda P Barbosa, Rita Mattiello, Linda Booij, Geovana R Estorgato, Moisés S Dutra, Fabiana D de Assunção, Magda L Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Family Environment Assessment questionnaire (Inventaire du Milieu Familial). METHODS: The validation process was carried out in two stages. First, translation and back-translation were performed, and in the second phase, the questionnaire was applied in 72 families of children between 0 and 24 months for the validation process. The tool consists of the following domains: mother's communication ability; behavior; organization of the physical and temporal environment; collection/quantity of toys; maternal attitude of constant attention toward her baby; diversification of stimuli; baby's behavior...
April 20, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Elizabeth A Hoffman, Hussain Zaidi, Savera J Shetty, Stefan Bekiranov, David T Auble
Formaldehyde crosslinking is widely used in combination with chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) to measure the locations along DNA and relative levels of transcription factor (TF)-DNA interactions in vivo . However, the measurements that are typically made do not provide unambiguous information about the dynamic properties of these interactions. We have developed a method to estimate binding kinetic parameters from time-dependent formaldehyde crosslinking data, called crosslinking kinetics (CLK) analysis...
February 20, 2018: Bio-protocol
Yael Jacob, Gadi Gilam, Tamar Lin, Gal Raz, Talma Hendler
Emotion regulation is hypothesized to be mediated by the interactions between emotional reactivity and regulation networks during the dynamic unfolding of the emotional episode. Yet, it remains unclear how to delineate the effective relationships between these networks. In this study, we examined the aforementioned networks' information flow hierarchy during viewing of an anger provoking movie excerpt. Anger regulation is particularly essential for averting individuals from aggression and violence, thus improving prosocial behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Jorge Armando Barriguete-Meléndez, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galán, André Parodi, Jacques Baulieux
Background: NutriNet-Salud Mexico is a digital health information system, e-epidemiology instrument, online, open and free, to recording and analysis the determinants of dietary habits and nutritional status of the Mexican population, for the prevention of overweight, obesity and noncommunicable diseases for the period 2018-2028. Objective: Describe the design, development and implementation of NutriNet-Salud Mexico from the French model NutriNet-Santé France 2008-2018...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Christie Welch, Helene Polatajko, Patty Rigby, Margaret Fitch
BACKGROUND: To date, research exploring experiences and perspectives of people who have severe autism and are minimally verbal, has been sparse. OBJECTIVES: To build new understanding based on insider perspectives of people who have severe autism and are minimally verbal. We took interest in how these perspectives support, challenge, or augment current depictions of autism in academic literature. METHOD: Adopting a descriptive qualitative approach, three memoirs written by youths who have severe autism and are minimally verbal were examined using inductive thematic analysis...
April 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Claudia Freimuth, Mark Oelmann, Erwin Amann
Given the significance of wastewater treatment and disposal for society and the economy together with the omnipresence of standards in the sector, we studied the development and prospects of the rules governing standardization in the German municipal wastewater sector. We thereby provide a detailed description of sector-specific committee-based standardization and significantly contribute to the understanding of this complex arena. We find that the German Association for Water Wastewater and Waste (DWA) has significantly improved its rules on standardization over time by aligning them closer to the generally accepted superordinate standardization principles...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jie Luo, Pei Xu, Peijian Cao, Hongjian Wan, Xiaonan Lv, Shengchun Xu, Gangjun Wang, Melloni N Cook, Byron C Jones, Lu Lu, Xusheng Wang
Although the link between stress and alcohol is well recognized, the underlying mechanisms of how they interplay at the molecular level remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to identify molecular networks underlying the effects of alcohol and stress responses, as well as their interaction on anxiety behaviors in the hippocampus of mice using a systems genetics approach. Here, we applied a gene co-expression network approach to transcriptomes of 41 BXD mouse strains under four conditions: stress, alcohol, stress-induced alcohol and control...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Xiaowei Zou, Timothy C Durazzo, Dieter J Meyerhoff
BACKGROUND: Widespread brain atrophy in alcohol-dependent individuals (ALC) has been consistently documented in pathological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. Longitudinal MRI studies have shown that the regional brain volume losses in ALC are partially reversible during abstinence from alcohol. The goal of this study was to determine volume reductions in cortical and subcortical regions functionally important to substance use behavior and their changes during short-term (1 week to 1 month) and long-term abstinence (1 month to 7 months) from alcohol...
April 19, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Lusi Chen, Dashuai Lian, Bei Wang
OBJECTIVE: We explored the factors associated with disclosure of men who have with sex with men (MSM) behaviors and HIV-positive status among HIV-positive MSM in Nanjing, China. METHODS: Social network analysis and epidemiological methods were combined in this pilot study. Information about participants' (egos') characteristics and behaviors and their social network members (alters) were collected through interview-administered questionnaires. General estimating equation logistic regression analysis was applied in both univariate and multivariate analysis...
2018: PloS One
Rita Flores-Asis, Juan M Méndez-Contreras, Ulises Juárez-Martínez, Alejandro Alvarado-Lassman, Daniel Villanueva-Vásquez, Alberto A Aguilar-Lasserre
This article focuses on the analysis of the behavior patterns of the variables involved in the anaerobic digestion process. The objective is to predict the impact factor and the behavior pattern of the variables, i.e., temperature, pH, volatile solids (VS), total solids, volumetric load, and hydraulic residence time, considering that these are the control variables for the conservation of the different groups of anaerobic microorganisms. To conduct the research, samples of physicochemical sludge were taken from a water treatment plant in a poultry processing factory, and, then, the substrate was characterized, and a thermal pretreatment was used to accelerate the hydrolysis process...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Ganna Leonenko, Arianna Di Florio, Judith Allardyce, Liz Forty, Sarah Knott, Lisa Jones, Katherine Gordon-Smith, Michael J Owen, Ian Jones, James Walters, Nick Craddock, Michael C O'Donovan, Valentina Escott-Price
The etiologies of bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia include a large number of common risk alleles, many of which are shared across the disorders. BD is clinically heterogeneous and it has been postulated that the pattern of symptoms is in part determined by the particular risk alleles carried, and in particular, that risk alleles also confer liability to schizophrenia influence psychotic symptoms in those with BD. To investigate links between psychotic symptoms in BD and schizophrenia risk alleles we employed a data-driven approach in a genotyped and deeply phenotyped sample of subjects with BD...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
D S Krylov, F Liu, A Brandenburg, L Spree, V Bon, S Kaskel, A U B Wolter, B Büchner, S M Avdoshenko, A A Popov
Relaxation of magnetization in endohedral metallofullerenes DySc2N@C80 is studied at different temperatures, in different magnetic fields, and in different molecular arrangements. Magnetization behavior and relaxation are analyzed for powder sample, and for DySc2N@C80 diluted in non-magnetic fullerene Lu3N@C80, adsorbed in voids of a metal-organic framework, and dispersed in a polymer. The magnetic field dependence and zero-field relaxation are also studied for single-crystals of DySc2N@C80 co-crystallized with Ni(ii) octaethylporphyrin, as well as for the single crystal diluted with Lu3N@C80...
April 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Zahra Khatti, Seyed Majid Hashemianzadeh, Seyed Ali Shafiei
Purpose: Drug delivery has a critical role in the treatment of cancer, in particular, carbon nanotubes for their potential use in various biomedical devices and therapies. From many other materials which could be more biocompatible and biodegradable and which could form single-walled nanotubes, silicon carbide was selected. Methods: To compare two drug delivery systems based on single-walled nanotubes, molecular dynamic simulations were applied and encapsulation behavior of the drug carboplatin was investigated inside the silicon carbide nanotube and the carbon nanotube...
March 2018: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Marta Balietti, Giorgia Fattorini, Arianna Pugliese, Daniele Marcotulli, Luca Bragina, Fiorenzo Conti
The molecular substrate of age-associated cognitive decline (AACD) is still elusive. Evidence indicates that AACD is related to synaptic impairment in hippocampus, but different hippocampal regions play different roles, with the dorsal hippocampus (DH) associated to spatial learning, and the ventral hippocampus (VH) crucial for emotionality. If changes in hippocampal function contributes to AACD, this contribution may be reflected in alterations of synaptic protein levels. A commonly used approach to investigate this issue is western blotting...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Erlend Eindride Fasmer, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Jan Øystein Berle, Ketil J Oedegaard, Erik R Hauge
Depression and schizophrenia are defined only by their clinical features, and diagnostic separation between them can be difficult. Disturbances in motor activity pattern are central features of both types of disorders. We introduce a new method to analyze time series, called the similarity graph algorithm. Time series of motor activity, obtained from actigraph registrations over 12 days in depressed and schizophrenic patients, were mapped into a graph and we then applied techniques from graph theory to characterize these time series, primarily looking for changes in complexity...
2018: PloS One
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