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Applied behavioral analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545123/predictability-of-arousal-in-mouse-slow-wave-sleep-by-accelerometer-data
#1
Gustavo Zampier Dos Santos Lima, Sergio Roberto Lopes, Thiago Lima Prado, Bruno Lobao-Soares, George C do Nascimento, John Fontenele-Araujo, Gilberto Corso
Arousals can be roughly characterized by punctual intrusions of wakefulness into sleep. In a standard perspective, using human electroencephalography (EEG) data, arousals are associated to slow-wave rhythms and K-complex brain activity. The physiological mechanisms that give rise to arousals during sleep are not yet fully understood. Moreover, subtle body movement patterns, which may characterize arousals both in human and in animals, are usually not detectable by eye perception and are not in general present in sleep studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544049/tone-identification-behavior-in-rattus-norvergicus-muscarinic-receptor-blockage-lowers-responsiveness-in-non-target-selective-neurons-while-nicotinic-receptor-blockage-selectively-lowers-target-responses
#2
Ezekiel P Carpenter-Hyland, Jackson Griffeth, Kristopher Bunting, Alvin Terry, Almira Vazdarjanova, David T Blake
Learning to associate a stimulus with reinforcement causes plasticity in primary sensory cortex. Neural activity caused by the associated stimulus is paired with reinforcement, but population analyses have not found a selective increase in response to that stimulus. Responses to other stimuli increase as much as, or more than, responses to the associated stimulus. Here, we applied population analysis at a new time point, and additionally evaluated whether cholinergic receptor blockers interacted with the plastic changes in cortex...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542704/trabecular-and-cortical-bone-structure-of-the-talus-and-distal-tibia-in-pan-and-homo
#3
Zewdi J Tsegai, Matthew M Skinner, Andrew H Gee, Dieter H Pahr, Graham M Treece, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Tracy L Kivell
OBJECTIVES: Internal bone structure, both cortical and trabecular bone, remodels in response to loading and may provide important information regarding behavior. The foot is well suited to analysis of internal bone structure because it experiences the initial substrate reaction forces, due to its proximity to the substrate. Moreover, as humans and apes differ in loading of the foot, this region is relevant to questions concerning arboreal locomotion and bipedality in the hominoid fossil record...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542547/determination-of-diagnostic-standards-on-saturated-soil-extracts-for-cut-roses-grown-in-greenhouses
#4
John Jairo Franco-Hermida, María Fernanda Quintero, Raúl Iskander Cabrera, José Miguel Guzman
This work comprises the theoretical determination and validation of diagnostic standards for the analysis of saturated soil extracts for cut rose flower crops (Rosa spp.) growing in the Bogota Plateau, Colombia. The data included 684 plant tissue analyses and 684 corresponding analyses of saturated soil extracts, all collected between January 2009 and June 2013. The tissue and soil samples were selected from 13 rose farms, and from cultivars grafted on the 'Natal Briar' rootstock. These concurrent samples of soil and plant tissues represented 251 production units (locations) of approximately 10,000 m2 distributed across the study area...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542543/knowledge-deficit-attitude-and-behavior-scales-association-to-objective-measures-of-sun-exposure-and-sunburn-in-a-danish-population-based-sample
#5
Brian Køster, Jens Søndergaard, Jesper Bo Nielsen, Karl Bang Christensen, Martin Allen, Anja Olsen, Joan Bentzen
The objective of this study was to develop new scales measuring knowledge and attitude about UVR and sun related behavior, and to examine their association to sun related behavior objectively measured by personal dosimetry. During May-August 2013, 664 Danes wore a personal electronic UV-dosimeter for one week that measured their UVR exposure. Afterwards, they answered a questionnaire on sun-related items. We applied descriptive analysis, linear and logistic regression analysis to evaluate the associations between the questionnaire scales and objective UVR measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542409/voting-contagion-modeling-and-analysis-of-a-century-of-u-s-presidential-elections
#6
Dan Braha, Marcus A M de Aguiar
Social influence plays an important role in human behavior and decisions. Sources of influence can be divided as external, which are independent of social context, or as originating from peers, such as family and friends. An important question is how to disentangle the social contagion by peers from external influences. While a variety of experimental and observational studies provided insight into this problem, identifying the extent of contagion based on large-scale observational data with an unknown network structure remains largely unexplored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542208/detection-of-statistical-asymmetries-in-non-stationary-sign-time-series-analysis-of-foreign-exchange-data
#7
Arthur Matsuo Yamashita Rios de Sousa, Hideki Takayasu, Misako Takayasu
We extend the concept of statistical symmetry as the invariance of a probability distribution under transformation to analyze binary sign time series data of price difference from the foreign exchange market. We model segments of the sign time series as Markov sequences and apply a local hypothesis test to evaluate the symmetries of independence and time reversion in different periods of the market. For the test, we derive the probability of a binary Markov process to generate a given set of number of symbol pairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541091/psychodynamic-therapy-as-efficacious-as-other-empirically-supported-treatments-a-meta-analysis-testing-equivalence-of-outcomes
#8
Christiane Steinert, Thomas Munder, Sven Rabung, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and psychodynamic therapy are most frequently applied to treat mental disorders. However, whether psychodynamic therapy is as efficacious as other empirically supported treatments is not yet clear. Thus, for the first time the equivalence of psychodynamic therapy to treatments established in efficacy was formally tested. The authors controlled for researcher allegiance effects by including representatives of psychodynamic therapy and CBT, the main rival psychotherapeutic treatments (adversarial collaboration)...
May 25, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539903/psychometric-properties-of-the-german-translated-version-and-adaptation-of-the-food-craving-inventory
#9
Ernesto Tarragon, Jakob Stein, Jobst Meyer
Dysfunctional eating behavior is a major risk factor for developing all sorts of eating disorders. Food craving is a concept that may help to understand better why and how these and other eating disorders become chronic conditions through non homeastatically-driven mechanisms. As obesity affects people worldwide, cultural differences must be acknowledged to apply proper therapeutic strategies. In this work, we adapted the Food Craving Inventory (FCI) to the German population. We performed a factor analysis of an adaptation of the original FCI in a sample of 326 men and women...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537025/prediction-of-dissolved-oxygen-concentration-in-hypoxic-river-systems-using-support-vector-machine-a-case-study-of-wen-rui-tang-river-china
#10
Xiaoliang Ji, Xu Shang, Randy A Dahlgren, Minghua Zhang
Accurate quantification of dissolved oxygen (DO) is critically important for managing water resources and controlling pollution. Artificial intelligence (AI) models have been successfully applied for modeling DO content in aquatic ecosystems with limited data. However, the efficacy of these AI models in predicting DO levels in the hypoxic river systems having multiple pollution sources and complicated pollutants behaviors is unclear. Given this dilemma, we developed a promising AI model, known as support vector machine (SVM), to predict the DO concentration in a hypoxic river in southeastern China...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534656/early-development-in-rett-syndrome-the-benefits-and-difficulties-of-a-birth-cohort-approach
#11
Peter B Marschik, Sanne Lemcke, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Sven Bölte, Gillian S Townend, Marlene B Lauritsen
PURPOSES: Typically, early (pre-diagnostic) development in individuals later diagnosed with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been investigated retrospectively using parent reports, medical records and analysis of home videos. In recent years, prospective research designs have been increasingly applied to the investigation of early development in individuals with late phenotypical onset disorders, for example, autism spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this study, data collected by the Danish National Birth Cohort lent itself to prospective exploration of the early development of RTT, in particular early motor-, speech-language, and socio-communicative behaviors, mood, and sleep...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534644/a-spectral-power-analysis-of-driving-behavior-changes-during-the-transition-from-non-distraction-to-distraction
#12
Yuan Wang, Shan Bao, Wenjun Du, Zhirui Ye, James R Sayer
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigated and compared frequency-domain and time-domain characteristics of drivers' behavior before and after the start of distracted driving. METHOD: Data from an existing naturalistic driving study were used. Fast Fourier transform (FFT) was applied for the frequency domain analysis to explore drivers' behavior pattern changes between non-distracted (pre-starting of visual-manual task) and distracted (post-starting of visual-manual task) driving periods...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532025/new-tetrahedral-zinc-halide-schiff-base-complexes-synthesis-crystal-structure-theoretical-3d-hirshfeld-surface-analyses-antimicrobial-and-thermal-studies
#13
L Taghizadeh, M Montazerozohori, A Masoudiasl, S Joohari, J M White
A new bidentate Schiff base ligand named as N,N'-bis((E)-3-phenylallylidene)butane-1,4-diamine (L) and three its zinc halide complexes were synthesized and characterized by FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The crystal structure of zinc bromide and iodide complexes were characterized using single crystal X-ray diffraction. The two structures are isomorphous, crystallizing in the monoclinic crystal system with space group C2/c with closely similar unit cell dimensions. In these complexes, the Zn(II) ion is in the center of a distorted tetrahedral environment completed by two iminic nitrogen atoms of Schiff base ligand and two halide anions...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531232/changes-in-primary-healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-counseling-behaviors-related-to-dietary-sodium-reduction-docstyles-2010-and-2015
#14
Zerleen S Quader, Mary E Cogswell, Jing Fang, Sallyann M Coleman King, Robert K Merritt
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The 2013 ACC/AHA Lifestyle Management Guideline recommends counseling pre-hypertensive and hypertensive patients to reduce sodium intake. Population sodium reduction efforts have been introduced in recent years, and dietary guidelines continued to emphasize sodium reduction in 2010 and 2015. The objective of this analysis was to determine changes in primary health care providers' sodium-reduction attitudes and counseling between 2010 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530413/inverting-the-power-dynamic-the-process-of-first-sessions-of-psychotherapy-with-therapists-of-color-and-non-latino-white-patients
#15
Lia Okun, Doris F Chang, Gregory Kanhai, Jordan Dunn, Hailey Easley
The present study is the first to apply Trawalter, Richeson, and Shelton's (2009) stress and coping framework to qualitatively examine interracial interactions in initial sessions of psychotherapy. The sample included 22 dyads: 15 therapists of color administering various treatment modalities to 15 treatment-seeking non-Latino White (NLW) patients and a comparison group of 7 intraracial (NLW-NLW) dyads. In Phase 1, videorecordings of the first session of treatment were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis (TA) to describe patient and therapist behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530402/spin-crossover-in-double-salts-containing-six-and-four-coordinate-cobalt-ii-ions
#16
Joanna Palion-Gazda, Barbara Machura, Rafal Kruszynski, Thais Grancha, Nicolás Moliner, Francesc Lloret, Miguel Julve
The preparation and spectroscopic and structural characterization of three cobalt(II) complexes of formulas [Co(tppz)2](dca)2 (1), [Co(tppz)2][Co(NCS)4]·MeOH (2), and [Co(tppz)2][Co(NCO)4]·2H2O (3) [tppz = 2,3,5,6-tetrakis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine and dca = dicyanamide] are reported here. Compounds 1-3 have in common the presence of the cationic [Co(tppz)2](2+) entity where each mer-tridentate tppz ligand coordinates to the cobalt(II) ion equatorially through two pyridyl donors and axially via the pyrazine, completing the six-coordination...
May 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527833/evaluation-of-the-sipat-instrument-to-assess-psychosocial-risk-in-heart-transplant-candidates-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#17
Elizabeth Vandenbogaart, Lynn Doering, Belinda Chen, Ann Saltzman, Tamara Chaker, Julie W Creaser, Darlene Rourke, Richard W Cheng, Gregg C Fonarow, Mario Deng
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the reliability of the Stanford Integrated Psychosocial Assessment for Transplantation (SIPAT) in heart transplant (HT) recipients and explored its usefulness in predicting post-transplant outcomes. BACKGROUND: Pre-transplant psychosocial and behavioral risk is associated with post-transplant clinical outcomes. SIPAT is a risk assessment tool created for pre-transplant psychosocial evaluation. METHODS: Via retrospective chart review, three examiners applied the SIPAT to 51 adult HT recipients...
May 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#18
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525802/fast-and-reliable-pre-approach-for-scanning-probe-microscopes-based-on-tip-sample-capacitance
#19
J M de Voogd, M A van Spronsen, F E Kalff, B Bryant, O Ostojić, A M J den Haan, I M N Groot, T H Oosterkamp, A F Otte, M J Rost
Within the last three decades Scanning Probe Microscopy has been developed to a powerful tool for measuring surfaces and their properties on an atomic scale such that users can be found nowadays not only in academia but also in industry. This development is still pushed further by researchers, who continuously exploit new possibilities of this technique, as well as companies that focus mainly on the usability. However, although imaging has become significantly easier, the time required for a safe approach (without unwanted tip-sample contact) can be very time consuming, especially if the microscope is not equipped or suited for the observation of the tip-sample distance with an additional optical microscope...
May 10, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524731/german-taxi-drivers-experience-and-expression-of-driving-anger-are-the-driving-anger-scale-and-the-driving-anger-expression-inventory-valid-measures
#20
Stefan Brandenburg, Michael Oehl, Kristin Seigies
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was twofold: firstly, we wanted to examine whether the original Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the original Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) apply to German professional taxi drivers as these scales have previously been given to professional and particularly to non-professional drivers in different countries. Secondly, we wanted to examine possible differences in driving anger experience and expression between professional German taxi drivers and non-professional German drivers...
May 19, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
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