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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527076/the-role-of-visual-system-in-migraine
#1
Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Alessandra Criscuoli
The visual system is involved in different ways in migraine. Visual auras are the most common form of migraine aura. It may consist of positive or negative visual symptoms and cortical spreading depression is felt to be the phenomenon that underlies it. Even in migraine without aura, vision it is not totally excluded given that one of the major criteria for the diagnosis of migraine is photophobia. In persistent visual aura, patients refer symptoms defined as visual snow and television static. In retinal migraine unilateral decreased vision or complete visual loss occurs...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526627/dynamic-fatigue-measurement-of-human-erythrocytes-using-dielectrophoresis
#2
Yuhao Qiang, Jia Liu, E Du
Erythrocytes must undergo severe deformation to pass through narrow capillaries and submicronic splenic slits for several hundred thousand times in their normal lifespan. Studies of erythrocyte biomechanics have been mainly focused on cell deformability and rheology measured from a single application of stress and mostly under a static or quasi-static state using classical biomechanical techniques, such as optical tweezers and micropipette aspiration. Dynamic behavior of erythrocytes in response to cyclic stresses that contributes to the membrane failure in blood circulation is not fully understood...
May 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526527/cellular-scale-model-of-growth-plate-an-in-silico-model-of-chondrocyte-hypertrophy
#3
H A Castro-Abril, J M Guevara, M A Moncayo, S J Shefelbine, L A Barrera, D A Garzón-Alvarado
The growth plate is the responsible for longitudinal bone growth. It is a cartilaginous structure formed by chondrocytes that are continuously undergoing a differentiation process that starts with a highly proliferative state, followed by cellular hypertrophy, and finally tissue ossification. Within the growth plate chondrocytes display a characteristic columnar organization that potentiates longitudinal growth. Both chondrocyte organization and hypertrophy are highly regulated processes influenced by biochemical and mechanical stimuli...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526211/the-orbit-first-a-novel-surgical-treatment-protocol-for-secondary-orbitozygomatic-reconstruction
#4
Ruud Schreurs, Leander Dubois, Alfred G Becking, Thomas J J Maal
A novel surgical treatment sequence for secondary orbitozygomatic complex (OZC) reconstruction is described. Orbital reconstruction is performed before OZC repositioning. A surgical plan is made: the affected OZC is virtually osteotomized and aligned with a mirrored model of the unaffected OZC. A patient-specific implant (PSI) is designed for orbital reconstruction. Screw holes from the primary reconstruction are used for fixation. Primary screw hole positions at the repositioned OZC are embedded in the design, to guide OZC repositioning...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526202/capnocytophaga-canimorsus-an-underestimated-cause-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#5
Marcel Orth, Patrick Orth, Konstantinos Anagnostakos
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major clinical problem in orthopedic surgery. Capnocytophaga canimorsus (C. canimorsus) is an unusual and hardly detectable bacterium. A review of the literature indicates that C. canimorsus affects mainly immunocompromised patients. It has not been reported to cause periprosthetic joint infections in immunocompetent patients so far. This case report aims to raise awareness of C. canimorsus in orthopedic surgery with special regard to joint arthroplasty...
May 16, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526192/comparison-of-spinal-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-planning-techniques-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-modulated-arc-therapy-and-helical-tomotherapy
#6
Jina Kim, Hong Seok Jang, Yeon Sil Kim, Byung Ock Choi, Young-Nam Kang
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) delivers a highly conformal, hypofractionated radiation dose to a small target with minimal radiation applied to the surrounding areas. Therefore, using the proper treatment planning techniques for SBRT is important. Intensity modulation techniques, such as static intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), modulated arc therapy (mARC), and helical tomotherapy (HT), are useful for spinal SBRT because of a rapid dose fall-off and spinal cord avoidance. This study compared the planning characteristics for hypofractionated spinal SBRT administered using 3 treatment techniques...
May 16, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525875/toxic-effects-of-nh4-n-on-embryonic-development-of-bufo-gargarizans-and-rana-chensinensis
#7
Hongzhang Deng, Lihong Chai, Pingping Luo, Meimei Zhou, Daniel Nover, Xiaohong Zhao
Although nitrogen fertilizer is commonly used worldwide, little information is currently available about NH4(+)-N toxicity on amphibians. This study determined the acute and chronic toxic effects of NH4(+)-N on two native Chinese amphibian species (Bufo gargarizans and Rana chensinensis), and compared the negative sensitivity of different embryos to NH4(+)-N. Static renewal aqueous exposures were performed using B. gargarizans and R. chensinensis embryos at Gosner stage 2 over 96 h. In terms of 96 h-LC50, B...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525282/crowding-controlled-cluster-size-in-concentrated-aqueous-protein-solutions-structure-self-and-collective-diffusion
#8
Michal Katharina Braun, Marco Grimaldo, Felix Roosen-Runge, Ingo Hoffmann, Orsolya Czakkel, Michael Sztucki, Fajun Zhang, Frank Schreiber, Tilo Seydel
We investigate the concentration-controlled formation of clusters in β-lactoglobulin (BLG) protein solutions combining structural and dynamical scattering techniques. The static structure factor from small-angle X-ray scattering as well as de-Gennes narrowing in the nanosecond diffusion function D(q) from neutron spin echo spectroscopy support a picture of cluster formation. Using neutron backscattering spectroscopy, a monotonous increase of the average hydrodynamic cluster radius is monitored over a broad protein concentration range, corresponding to oligomeric structures of BLG ranging from the native dimers up to roughly four dimers...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525260/three-dimensional-visualization-and-characterization-of-polymeric-self-assemblies-by-transmission-electron-microtomography
#9
Hiroshi Jinnai, Takeshi Higuchi, Xiaodong Zhuge, Akihito Kumamoto, Kees Joost Batenburg, Yuichi Ikuhara
Self-assembling structures and their dynamical processes in polymeric systems have been investigated using three-dimensional transmission electron microscopy (3D-TEM). Block copolymers (BCPs) self-assemble into nanoscale periodic structures called microphase-separated structures, a deep understanding of which is important for creating nanomaterials with superior physical properties, such as high-performance membranes with well-defined pore size and high-density data storage media. Because microphase-separated structures have become increasingly complicated with advances in precision polymerization, characterizing these complex morphologies is becoming increasingly difficult...
May 19, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525248/-magnetic-fields-and-health-from-epidemiology-to-cryptochrome-chemistry
#10
REVIEW
J Vanderstraeten
Biological effects of static magnetic fields (MF) and time-varying MF of electricity (50/60 Hz) appear possible from intensities in the low illitesla range. However, prolonged exposure to 50/60 Hz MF is associated with an increased risk of childhood leukemia at less than one microtesla of time-averaged intensity. And such kind of association is suggested in adults for some blood cancers and senile dementia. The cryptochrome hypothesis has been proposed to explain the association established with childhood leukemia...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524851/extended-fisheries-recovery-timelines-in-a-changing-environment
#11
Gregory L Britten, Michael Dowd, Lisa Kanary, Boris Worm
Rebuilding depleted fish stocks is an international policy goal and a 2020 Aichi target under the Convention on Biological Diversity. However, stock productivity may shift with future climate change, with unknown consequences for sustainable harvesting, biomass targets and recovery timelines. Here we develop a stochastic modelling framework to characterize variability in the intrinsic productivity parameter (r) and carrying capacity (K) for 276 global fish stocks worldwide. We use models of dynamic stock productivity fitted via Bayesian inference to forecast rebuilding timelines for depleted stocks...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524691/scheme-to-measure-the-topological-number-of-a-chern-insulator-from-quench-dynamics
#12
Ce Wang, Pengfei Zhang, Xin Chen, Jinlong Yu, Hui Zhai
We show how the topological number of a static Hamiltonian can be measured from a dynamical quench process. We focus on a two-band Chern insulator in two dimension, for instance, the Haldane model, whose dynamical process can be described by a mapping from the [k_{x},k_{y},t] space to the Bloch sphere, characterized by the Hopf invariant. Such a mapping has been constructed experimentally by measurements in cold atom systems. We show that, taking any two constant vectors on the Bloch sphere, their inverse images of this mapping are two trajectories in the [k_{x},k_{y},t] space, and the linking number of these two trajectories exactly equals the Chern number of the static Hamiltonian...
May 5, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524685/strong-modulation-of-spin-currents-in-bilayer-graphene-by-static-and-fluctuating-proximity-exchange-fields
#13
Simranjeet Singh, Jyoti Katoch, Tiancong Zhu, Keng-Yuan Meng, Tianyu Liu, Jack T Brangham, Fengyuan Yang, Michael E Flatté, Roland K Kawakami
Two-dimensional materials provide a unique platform to explore the full potential of magnetic proximity-driven phenomena, which can be further used for applications in next-generation spintronic devices. Of particular interest is to understand and control spin currents in graphene by the magnetic exchange field of a nearby ferromagnetic material in graphene-ferromagnetic-insulator (FMI) heterostructures. Here, we present the experimental study showing the strong modulation of spin currents in graphene layers by controlling the direction of the exchange field due to FMI magnetization...
May 5, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524270/interaction-studies-of-copper-complex-containing-food-additive-carmoisine-dye-with-human-serum-albumin-hsa-spectroscopic-investigations
#14
Nahid Shahabadi, Alireza Akbari, Mina Jamshidbeigi, Soraya Moradi Fili
In this study, the interaction between human serum albumin (HSA) and a copper complex of carmoisine dye; [Cu(carmoisine)2 (H2 O)2 ], was studied in vitro using multi-spectroscopic methods. It was found that the intrinsic fluorescence of HSA was quenched by the addition of the [Cu(carmoisine)2 (H2 O)2 ] complex and the quenching mechanism was considered as static quenching by formation of a [Cu(carmoisine)2 (H2 O)2 ]-HSA complex. The binding constant was about 10(4)  M(-1) at room temperature. The values of the calculated thermodynamic parameters (ΔH < 0 and ΔS > 0) suggested that both hydrogen bonds and the hydrophobic interactions were involved in the binding process...
May 19, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523988/myofascial-techniques-have-no-additional-beneficial-effects-to-a-standard-physical-therapy-programme-for-upper-limb-pain-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Vervloesem, Sophie De Geyter, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of myofascial techniques, in addition to a standard physical therapy programme for upper limb pain shortly after breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Double-blinded (patient and assessor) randomized controlled trial with two groups. SETTING: University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium Patients: A total of 147 patients with unilateral axillary clearance for breast cancer. INTERVENTION: All participants received a standard physical therapy programme starting immediately after surgery for four months...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523598/study-on-the-interaction-of-chromate-with-bovine-serum-albumin-by-spectroscopic-method
#16
Hongguang Cao, Yanli Yi
The interaction between two chromates [sodium chromate (Na2CrO4) and potassium chromate K2CrO4)] and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in physiological buffer (pH 7.4) was investigated by the fluorescence quenching technique. The results of fluorescence titration revealed that two chromates could strongly quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA through a static quenching procedure. The apparent binding constants K and number of binding sites n of chromate with BSA were obtained by the fluorescence quenching method...
May 18, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523563/assessment-of-endothelial-cell-function-and-physiological-microcirculatory-reserve-by-video-microscopy-using-a-topical-acetylcholine-and-nitroglycerin-challenge
#17
Matthias Peter Hilty, Jacqueline Pichler, Bulent Ergin, Urs Hefti, Tobias Michael Merz, Can Ince, Marco Maggiorini
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the microcirculation is a promising target for the hemodynamic management of critically ill patients. However, just as the sole reliance on macrocirculatory parameters, single static parameters of the microcirculation may not represent a sufficient guide. Our hypothesis was that by serial topical application of acetylcholine (ACH) and nitroglycerin (NG), the sublingual microcirculation can be challenged to determine its endothelial cell-dependent and smooth muscle-dependent physiological reserve capacity...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523373/role-of-sod-gene-in-response-to-static-magnetic-fields-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Raouia Hanini, Abdelwaheb Chatti, Selma Ben Ghorbel, Ahmed Landoulsi
The protective role of superoxide dismutase (SOD) against non-ionizing radiation such as static electromagnetic field (200 mT) has been studied in wild-type and mutant strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lacking cytosolic Mn-SOD (sodM), Fe-SOD (sodB), or both SODs (sodMB). Our results showed that inactivation of sodM and/or sodB genes increases the sensitivity of P. aeruginosa toward stress induced by the static magnetic field (200 mT). Furthermore, our results showed an enhancement of SOD, catalase, and peroxidases after exposure to the magnetic field...
May 18, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522896/shear-stress-counteracts-endothelial-cx3cl1-induction-and-monocytic-cell-adhesion
#19
Aaron Babendreyer, Lisa Molls, Daniela Dreymueller, Stefan Uhlig, Andreas Ludwig
Flow conditions critically regulate endothelial cell functions in the vasculature. Reduced shear stress resulting from disturbed blood flow can drive the development of vascular inflammatory lesions. On endothelial cells, the transmembrane chemokine CX3CL1/fractalkine promotes vascular inflammation by functioning as a surface-expressed adhesion molecule and by becoming released as soluble chemoattractant for monocytic cells expressing the receptor CX3CR1. Here, we report that endothelial cells from human artery, vein, or microvasculature constitutively express CX3CL1 when cultured under static conditions...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521954/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-strategies-for-the-accurate-and-sensitive-speciation-of-sulfur-dioxide-in-wine
#20
Vanesa Carrascon, Ignacio Ontañón, Mónica Bueno, Vicente Ferreira
Understanding the chemistry of wine oxidation requires the accurate and sensitive quantitative determination of the most important molecular species which SO2 can form. An analytical strategy based in three independent static headspace GC-MS determinations is proposed in order to obtain information about the total, nominally free and truly free levels of SO2. Nominally free forms are directly determined after sample acidulation, total forms require the previous incubation at 100°C, and truly free forms are determined after preconcentration of the headspace of the undisturbed sample in an alkaline solution...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
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