keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pronation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549397/assessment-of-distal-radioulnar-joint-stability-after-reconstruction-with-the-brachioradialis-wrap
#1
Charity S Burke, Keith A Zoeller, Seid W Waddell, John A Nyland, Michael J Voor, Amitava Gupta
BACKGROUND: The brachioradialis (BR) wrap technique is an option to restore the stability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). The technique capitalizes on the BR's advantageous insertion point on the radial styloid and the ability of the BR to be harvested with minimal to no deficit. The tendon can then be wrapped around the radius and ulna, tunneling under the pronator quadratus and extensor compartments and secured back into its insertion to provide stability. In this cadaveric study, we used micro-computed tomography (CT) to assess the stability restored by this procedure...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549281/defining-excessive-over-or-hyper-pronation-a-quandary
#2
REVIEW
Andrew M Horwood, Nachiappan Chockalingam
Abnormal-pronation, excessive-pronation, over-pronation, or hyper-pronation, are terms with a long historical use in both medical and research terminology pertaining to an abnormal movement of the foot. These terms are commonly used as a potential kinematic aetiology to explain the occurrence of multiple lower limb and foot pathologies. Yet despite this widespread use there is no clear definition to explain what the terms abnormal, excess, over, or hyper-pronation, mean. Without a strict definition the use of these terms as a patho-mechanical explanation of injuries, leaves a distinct lack of clarity and is meaningless in regards to being able to distinguish what movement may need clinical intervention...
March 8, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530778/a-comparison-of-the-treatment-results-of-dpen-reduction-internal-fixation-and-intramedullary-nailing-in-adult-forearm-diaphyseal-fractures
#3
Ahmet Köse, Ali Aydın, Naci Ezirmik, Ömer Selim Yıldırım
BACKGROUND: We compared the union and functional results of intramedullary nailing and open reduction internal fixation treatment applied to adults with a forearm diaphysis fracture (fracture of the radius and/or ulna). METHODS: We retrospectively examined 90 patients with completed skeletal maturation who were surgically treated for a forearm diaphyseal fracture. Patients with a Monteggia Galeazzi and ipsilateral upper extremity fracture and those with an open epiphyseal line, Type 3 open fracture, pathological fracture, or brain trauma were excluded from the study...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520461/clinical-outcome-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-microfracture-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-capitellum
#4
Rens Bexkens, Kim I M van den Ende, Paul T Ogink, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Various surgical treatment techniques have been developed to treat capitellar osteochondritis dissecans; however, the optimal technique remains the subject of ongoing debate. PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes after arthroscopic debridement and microfracture for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, the authors followed 77 consecutive patients (81 elbows) who underwent arthroscopic debridement and microfracture, and loose body removal if needed, for advanced capitellar osteochondritis dissecans...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512698/repair-of-the-pronator-quadratus-after-volar-plate-fixation-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Marjolein A M Mulders, Monique M J Walenkamp, Fernande J M E Bos, Niels W L Schep, J Carel Goslings
To position the volar plate on the distal radius fracture site, the pronator quadratus muscle needs to be detached from its distal and radial side and lifted for optimal exposure to the fracture site. Although the conventional approach involves repair of the pronator quadratus, controversy surrounds the merits of this repair. The purpose of this study was to compare the functional outcomes of patients with distal radius fractures treated with pronator quadratus repair after volar plate fixation versus no pronator quadratus repair...
May 17, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507853/ulnar-head-reconstruction-with-microvascular-second-metatarsal
#6
Pedro C Cavadas, Alessandro Thione
BACKGROUND: The distal radioulnar joint along with the interosseous ligament of the forearm and the proximal radioulnar joint, form a functionally integrated system responsible for the pronation-supination of the hand. The distal ulna, the so-called ulnar head, is an integral part of this system. Apart from its well-known role in forearm rotation, the ulnar head is essential in transverse load transmission through the distal radioulnar joint upon resisted elbow flexion. Autologous reconstruction of ulnar head would theoretically be beneficial with respect to prostheses...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506180/midterm-follow-up-of-treating-volar-marginal-rim-fractures-with-variable-angle-lcp-volar-rim-distal-radius-plates
#7
Chul Ki Goorens, Stijn Geeurickx, Pascal Wernaers, Barbara Staelens, Thierry Scheerlinck, Jean Goubau
BACKGROUND: Specific treatment of the volar marginal rim fragment of distal radius fractures avoids occurance of volar radiocarpal dislocation. Although several fixation systems are available to capture this fragment, adequately maintaining internal fixation is difficult. We present our experience of the first 10 cases using the 2.4 mm variable angle LCP volar rim distal radius plate (Depuy Synthes®, West Chester, US), a low-profile volar rim-contouring plate designed for distal plate positioning and stable buttressing of the volar marginal fragment...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#8
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503271/pulled-nursemaid-s-elbow
#9
M F Mohd Miswan, M S Othman, F Muhamad Effendi, M I Ibrahim, K N Rozali
Nursemaid's elbow is a radial head subluxation caused by axial traction on the extended arm while the forearm is pronated, allowing for slippage of the radial head. A 2-year-old boy presented with pain, swelling and reduced range of movement of the right elbow for 4 days. The mother noted that the child was moving the right upper limb less often and there was tenderness over the right elbow. X-ray of the right elbow showed subluxation of the elbow joint with no obvious fracture. A trial of conservative management was decided upon and the patient was placed on a right elbow backslab with the right forearm in a supine position...
2017: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482892/a-preliminary-investigation-into-the-design-of-pressure-cushions-and-their-potential-applications-for-forearm-robotic-orthoses
#10
N Alavi, S Zampierin, M Komeili, S Cocuzza, S Debei, C Menon
BACKGROUND: Load cells are often used in rehabilitation robotics to monitor human-robot interaction. While load cells are accurate and suitable for the stationary end-point robots used in rehabilitation hospitals, their cost and inability to conform to the shape of the body hinder their application in developing affordable and wearable robotic orthoses for assisting individuals in the activities of daily living. This exploratory work investigates the possibility of using an alternative technology, namely compliant polymeric air cushions, to measure interaction forces between the user and a wearable rigid structure...
May 8, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476402/interposition-of-tibialis-posterior-and-flexor-digitorum-longus-tendons-resulted-in-irreducible-ankle-fracture-dislocation
#11
Amir Reza Vosoughi, Mark Glazebrook
Irreducible ankle fracture-dislocations are very rare entities. The present case report demonstrates an unusual finding of tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum longus tendons interposed in the tibiofibular joint impairing successful closed reduction of ankle fracture-dislocation. A 45-year-old patient presented with a bimalleolar pronation-external rotation ankle fracture-dislocation after a motorcycle accident. Attempts to perform closed reduction before surgery were unsuccessful. Subsequent urgent open reduction and internal fixation surgical management revealed interposition of the tibialis posterior and flexor digitorum longus tendons in the tibiofibular joint...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473958/posterior-interosseous-nerve-localization-within-the-proximal-forearm-a-patient-normalized-parameter
#12
Srinath Kamineni, Crystal R Norgren, Evan M Davidson, Ellora P Kamineni, Andrew S Deane
AIM: To provide a "patient-normalized" parameter in the proximal forearm. METHODS: Sixty-three cadaveric upper extremities from thirty-five cadavers were studied. A muscle splitting approach was utilized to locate the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) at the point where it emerges from beneath the supinator. The supinator was carefully incised to expose the midpoint length of the nerve as it passes into the forearm while preserving the associated fascial connections, thereby preserving the relationship of the nerve with the muscle...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#13
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470407/prospective-assessment-of-positioning-related-pain-in-robotic-urologic-surgery
#14
Kevin B Ginsburg, Kelsey Pape, Chase Heilbronn, Michael Levin, Michael L Cher
This was a prospective study to assess positioning-related pain in 20 awake volunteers in the dorsal lithotomy (DL) and lateral decubitus (LD) positions. Each volunteer was put through the series of discrete, sequential steps used to achieve a final position; each step had two options. The Wong-Baker scale (WB) was used to rate pain for each option and the preferred option and ad lib comments were recorded. We found that awake volunteers could clearly and immediately distinguish differences in pain levels between position options...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467317/deep-learning-based-artificial-vision-for-grasp-classification-in-myoelectric-hands
#15
Ghazal Ghazaei, Ali Alameer, Patrick Degenaar, Graham Morgan, Kianoush Nazarpour
OBJECTIVE: Computer vision-based assistive technology solutions can revolutionise the quality of care for people with sensorimotor disorders. The goal of this work was to enable trans-radial amputees to use a simple, yet efficient, computer vision system to grasp and move common household objects with a two-channel myoelectric prosthetic hand. APPROACH: We developed a deep learning-based artificial vision system to augment the grasp functionality of a commercial prosthesis...
June 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465202/design-and-evaluation-of-a-new-synthetic-wrist-procedural-simulator-wristsim-%C3%A2-for-training-of-distal-radius-fracture-fixation-by-volar-plating
#16
P Lazarus, E Pire, C Sapa, L Ruffenach, M Saur, P Liverneaux, J J Hidalgo Diaz
Legislation concerning workload of surgical trainees and pressure to reduce learning curves have forced us reconsider surgical training. Our goal was to evaluate a synthetic procedural simulator for teaching open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of distal radius fractures (DRF). Twenty surgeons used a synthetic procedural simulator (Wristsim(®)) made by 3D printing for ORIF of DRF with a volar plate (Newclip Technics(®)). The evaluation consisted of grading the simulator's realism compared to the surgeons' own experience with surgery on cadavers...
April 11, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453337/venous-bridge-arterial-grafting-for-thumb-replantation
#17
Eric R Wagner, Allen T Bishop, Alexander Y Shin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe a novel technique using an interposition vein graft for thumb replantation in these severe avulsion injuries. METHODS: From 2002 to 2012, 8 patients underwent interposition venous bridge grafting from the dorsal radial artery at the anatomic snuffbox to the ulnar digital artery of the thumb. All patients had a traumatic thumb amputation with a severe injury to the ulnar digital artery. The technique began with bony stabilization; the radial artery at the anatomic snuffbox is exposed, vein graft harvested, and microsurgical end-to-side (proximally) and end-to-end (distally) anastomoses are carried out...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446388/medial-shoe-ground-pressure-and-specific-running-injuries-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#18
René B K Brund, Sten Rasmussen, Rasmus O Nielsen, Uwe G Kersting, Uffe Laessoe, Michael Voigt
OBJECTIVES: Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciopathy and medial tibial stress syndrome injuries (APM-injuries) account for approximately 25% of the total number of running injuries amongst recreational runners. Reports on the association between static foot pronation and APM-injuries are contradictory. Possibly, dynamic measures of pronation may display a stronger relationship with the risk of APM-injuries. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate if running distance until the first APM-injury was dependent on the foot balance during stance phase in recreational male runners...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442854/biceps-rerouting-after-forearm-osteotomy-an-effective-treatment-strategy-for-severe-supination-deformity-in-obstetric-plexus-palsy
#19
W P Metsaars, M Biegstraaten, R G H H Nelissen
Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Objective Supination deformity in obstetric brachial plexus injury can have debilitating consequences for the functionality of the hand. Surgical treatment by a forearm osteotomy has a recurrence rate of 20 to 42%. As a complement to forearm osteotomy, a biceps rerouting may improve outcome. Methods Children with residual brachial plexus injury, who had a forearm osteotomy for a supination contracture and had a postoperative decrease of pronation to 50 degrees or less, were indicated for a biceps rerouting...
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437501/pronator-teres-myotendinous-tear
#20
Usama Qayyum, Diego Villacis, Charles M Jobin
Pronator teres muscle strain is a rare sporting injury reported thus far only in cricket and golf players. The injury appears to occur when the sporting club or racket strikes the ground during a forceful swing and causes the elbow to experience an eccentric force during resisted elbow flexion and pronation. On initial presentation, this injury can be mistaken for injury to the medial ulnar collateral ligament, or exacerbation of medial epicondylitis. On examination, bruising and tenderness distal to the elbow over the course of the pronator teres are often present...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
56574
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"