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Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993090/possible-role-of-rivaroxaban-in-attenuating-pressure-overload-induced-atrial-fibrosis-and-fibrillation
#1
Hidekazu Kondo, Ichitaro Abe, Akira Fukui, Shotaro Saito, Miho Miyoshi, Kohei Aoki, Tetsuji Shinohara, Yasushi Teshima, Kunio Yufu, Naohiko Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Coagulation factor Xa (FXa) promotes thrombus formation and exacerbates inflammation via activation of protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2. We tested the hypothesis of whether administration of direct oral anticoagulant, rivaroxaban, would attenuate transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced atrial inflammatory fibrosis and vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF) in mice. METHODS: Ten-week-old male CL57/B6 mice were divided into a sham-operation (CNT) group and TAC-surgery group...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992257/glomerular-function-in-relation-to-circulating-adhesion-molecules-and-inflammation-markers-in-a-general-population
#2
Ying-Mei Feng, Lutgarde Thijs, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Wen-Yi Yang, Qi-Fang Huang, Fang-Fei Wei, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Ann-Marie Jennings, Christian Delles, Rachael Lennox, Peter Verhamme, Anna Dominiczak, Jan A Staessen
Background: Inflammation is a hallmark of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and stimulates glomerular expression of vascular adhesion molecules (VCAMs). We investigated in a general population whether estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is associated with circulating adhesion molecules, inflammation markers or both. Methods: We measured serum levels of five adhesion molecules [VCAM-1, intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), P-selectin, E-selectin and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)] and seven inflammation markers [C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1), TNF-α, interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor] in 1338 randomly recruited people (50...
August 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992069/local-delivery-of-liposomal-prednisolone-leads-to-an-anti-inflammatory-profile-in-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-the-rat
#3
Carla M A van Alem, Mark Boonstra, Jurriën Prins, Taisiya Bezhaeva, Mieke F van Essen, Jurjen M Ruben, Alexander L Vahrmeijer, Eric P van der Veer, Johan W de Fijter, Marlies E Reinders, Onno Meijer, Josbert M Metselaar, Cees van Kooten, Joris I Rotmans
Background: Treatment of inflammatory kidney diseases with systemic high-dose glucocorticoids (GCs) has severe side effects. Liposomal encapsulation could facilitate local delivery of GCs to the inflamed kidney, as liposomes encapsulate their payload until extravasation at sites of inflammation, potentially resulting in local bioactivity. Our aim was to evaluate the ability of liposomes to accumulate locally after renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury in the rat and to study its effect on macrophages...
July 8, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988892/the-il-1%C3%AE-signalling-pathway-and-its-role-in-regulating-pro-inflammatory-and-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-primary-myometrial-cells
#4
Martha Lappas
Interleukin (IL)-1β plays a central role in the processes of human labour and delivery. The adaptor proteins involved in the IL-1β signalling pathway in human myometrium are not known. This study sought to determine the role of the adaptor proteins myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88), tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) and transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) in IL-1β-induced formation of pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators in human myometrium...
October 6, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987361/comparative-effect-of-horse-gram-and-black-gram-on-inflammatory-mediators-and-antioxidant-status
#5
Vrinda Rajagopal, Chithra K Pushpan, Helen Antony
A balanced diet is important for the overall wellbeing of an individual. Pulses are an important part of a nutritive diet. Pulses have been consumed for at least 10,000 years and are among the most extensively used foods in the world. They are a rich source of protein and fiber, as well as a significant source of vitamins and minerals, such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of two pulses, horse gram and black gram, on inflammatory mediators and the antioxidant enzymes...
October 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986223/inflammatory-response-to-mental-stress-and-mental-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia
#6
Muhammad Hammadah, Samaah Sullivan, Brad Pearce, Ibhar Al Mheid, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Ayman Samman Tahhan, Wesley T O'Neal, Malik Obideen, Ayman Alkhoder, Naser Abdelhadi, Heval Mohamed Kelli, Mohamad Mazen Ghafeer, Pratik Pimple, Pratik Sandesara, Amit J Shah, Kareem Mohammed Hosny, Laura Ward, Yi-An Ko, Yan V Sun, Lei Weng, Michael Kutner, J Douglas Bremner, David S Sheps, Fabio Esteves, Paolo Raggi, Viola Vaccarino, Arshed A Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is associated with increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, yet the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We measured the inflammatory response to acute laboratory mental stress in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and its association with MSIMI. We hypothesized that patients with MSIMI would have a higher inflammatory response to mental stress in comparison to those without ischemia. METHODS: Patients with stable CAD underwent 99mTc sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging during mental stress testing using a public speaking stressor...
October 3, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983592/amygdalin-ameliorates-the-progression-of-atherosclerosis-in-ldl-receptor%C3%A2-deficient-mice
#7
Jianzhen Lv, Wen Xiong, Tiantian Lei, Hailian Wang, Minghan Sun, Erwei Hao, Zhiping Wang, Xiaoqi Huang, Shaoping Deng, Jiagang Deng, Yi Wang
Previous studies have demonstrated that regulatory T cells (Tregs) are pivotal in the regulation of T cell‑mediated immune responses in atherosclerosis, a chronic autoimmune‑like disease. In the authors' previous studies, it was demonstrated that amygdalin ameliorated atherosclerosis by the regulation of Tregs in apolipoprotein E‑deficient (ApoE‑/‑) mice. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of amygdalin on low‑density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor deficient (LDLR‑/‑) mice, and to examine its immune regulatory function by the stimulation of Tregs...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979683/oxysophocarpine-inhibits-lung-injury-induced-by-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#8
Jie Gao, Ying Li, Qiwei Wang, Xiaojian Ma, Yan Zhang
Oxysophocarpine (OSC) has various pharmacological effects. This study was designed to investigate whether OSC confers protection against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection-induced lung injury. Here, we found that OSC inhibited RSV replication and increased the viability of RSV-infected lung epithelial A549 cells. OSC suppressed the RSV-increased production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines [tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, regulated on activation in normal T-cell expressed and secreted, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α; and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1] in A549 cells...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976339/effects-of-keratinocytes-differentiated-from-embryonic-and-adipogenic-stem-cells-on-wound-healing-in-a-diabetic-mouse-model
#9
Şükrü Kasap, Ali Barutçu, Hasan Güç, Şamil Yazgan, Müjde Kıvanç, H Seda Vatansever
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to assess the molecular effects of keratinocytes derived from embryonic and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on wound healing in mice with diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty BALB/c mice were randomly allocated into 6 groups of 10. Following diabetes mellitus induction by intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin, wounds were created and covered with gauze dipped in various solutions: isotonic saline, carrier and transfer medium-engineered dermal template, keratinocytes derived from embryonic stem cells (ESCs), keratinocytes differentiated from ADSCs, or ADSC medium alone...
September 11, 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962579/effects-of-surgery-and-propofol-remifentanil-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-cerebrospinal-fluid-biomarkers-of-inflammation-alzheimer-s-disease-and-neuronal-injury-in-humans-a-cohort-study
#10
Andreas Pikwer, Markus Castegren, Sijal Namdar, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Niklas Mattsson
BACKGROUND: Surgery and anesthesia have been linked to postoperative cognitive disturbance and increased risk of Alzheimer's disease. It is not clear by which mechanisms this increased risk for cognitive disease is mediated. Further, amyloid β production has been suggested to depend on the sleep-wake cycle and neuronal activity. The aim of the present study was to examine if cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of a number of biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease-related processes, including amyloid β, neuronal injury, and inflammation, changed over time during intravenous anesthesia in surgical patients...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962202/bindarit-reduces-the-incidence-of-acute-aortic-dissection-complicated-lung-injury-via-modulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#11
Zhiyong Wu, Jinxing Chang, Wei Ren, Zhipeng Hu, Bowen Li, Huagang Liu
The pathogenesis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) complicated acute lung injury (ALI) is not currently well defined. At present, no effective animal model has been established for AAD complicated ALI, which hinders research and development of an appropriate treatment regimen for the concurrent conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of bindarit (Bnd), an indazolic derivative, on the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 in angiotensin II (AngII)-induced complicated ALI in rats...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960351/a-practical-approach-to-assess-inhalation-toxicity-of-metal-oxide-nanoparticles-in-vitro
#12
Anita C A Dankers, C Frieke Kuper, Anja J Boumeester, Babs O Fabriek, Ingeborg M Kooter, Mariska Gröllers-Mulderij, Peter Tromp, Inge Nelissen, Esther K Zondervan-Van Den Beuken, Rob J Vandebriel
Exposure of humans to metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs) occurs mainly via air, and inhaled metal oxide NPs may generate inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the proinflammatory potential of six metal oxide NPs (CeO2 , Mn2 O3 , CuO, ZnO, Co3 O4 and WO3 ; 27-108 μg ml(-1) ) using human primary 3-dimensional airway epithelium (MucilAir™) and dendritic cell (DC) models. Metal oxide NPs were mainly aggregated/agglomerated in the cell media, as determined by dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscopy and differential centrifugal sedimentation...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959442/the-calendar-of-cytokines-seasonal-variation-of-circulating-cytokines-in-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#13
Paolo Spath, Veronica Tisato, Sergio Gianesini, Mirko Tessari, Erica Menegatti, Roberto Manfredini, Savino Occhionorelli, Paola Secchiero, Paolo Zamboni
OBJECTIVES: To assess if in chronic venous insufficiency, there is a seasonal variation of cytokines levels which could explain the typical worsening of symptoms during Spring and Summer. PARTICIPANTS: From 193 chronic venous insufficiency patients, we selected 32 patients in clinical stage C2-C3 of the Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathophysiology classification. DESIGN: A prospective, comparative and blinded cytokines assessment in two different seasons...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959204/protease-activated-receptor-2-deficiency-attenuates-atherosclerotic-lesion-progression-and-instability-in-apolipoprotein-e-deficient-mice
#14
Pengfei Zuo, Zhi Zuo, Yueyue Zheng, Xin Wang, Qianxing Zhou, Long Chen, Genshan Ma
Inflammatory mechanisms are involved in the process of atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. Accumulating evidence suggests that protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 contributes to the pathophysiology of chronic inflammation on the vasculature. To directly examine the role of PAR-2 in atherosclerosis, we generated apolipoprotein E/PAR-2 double-deficient mice. Mice were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks starting at ages of 6 weeks. PAR-2 deficiency attenuated atherosclerotic lesion progression with reduced total lesion area, reduced percentage of stenosis and reduced total necrotic core area...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952199/beetroot-and-sodium-nitrate-ameliorate-cardiometabolic-changes-in-diet-induced-obese-hypertensive-rats
#15
Maharshi Bhaswant, Lindsay Brown, Andrew J McAinch, Michael L Mathai
SCOPE: Dietary intake of beetroot by humans reduces blood pressure but whether this is caused by nitrate or betanin is not well-defined; neither are effects on other signs of metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats fed a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (H) for 16 weeks developed abdominal obesity, hypertension, altered cardiovascular and liver structure and function, and impaired glucose tolerance compared to rats fed a corn starch diet (C). H rats treated with ∼16 mg/kg/day of nitrate either from beetroot juice (H+B) or sodium nitrate (H+N) for the last 8 weeks reduced systolic blood pressure by ∼25 mmHg, improved cardiac structure and function, plasma lipid profile and plasma markers of liver function, reduced inflammatory cell infiltration in heart and liver and decreased left ventricular fibrosis...
September 27, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950844/effect-of-simvastatin-on-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-expression-in-endometriosis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Wanwisa Waiyaput, Somphoch Pumipichet, Sawaek Weerakiet, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Areepan Sophonsritsuk
BACKGROUND: Simvastatin is a promising new drug for the treatment of endometriosis. It is a cholesterol-lowering drug that acts by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, resulting in a decrease in mevalonate, a precursor of cholesterol and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). This study investigated the effect of pre-operative oral simvastatin administration on MCP-1 gene expression and serum MCP-1 protein levels in patients with endometriosis. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted at the Reproductive Endocrinology Unit of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital...
September 26, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949372/physalis-peruviana-l-inhibits-airway-inflammation-induced-by-cigarette-smoke-and-lipopolysaccharide-through-inhibition-of-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinase-and-induction-of-heme-oxygenase-1
#17
Hyun Ah Park, Jae-Won Lee, Ok-Kyoung Kwon, Gilhye Lee, Yourim Lim, Jung Hee Kim, Jin-Hyub Paik, Sangho Choi, Imam Paryanto, Prasetyawan Yuniato, Doo-Young Kim, Hyung Won Ryu, Sei-Ryang Oh, Seung Jin Lee, Kyung-Seop Ahn
Physalis peruviana L. (PP) is a medicinal herb that has been confirmed to have several biological activities, including anticancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of PP on cigarette smoke (CS)- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary inflammation. Treatment with PP significantly reduced the influx of inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung of mice with CS- and LPS-induced pulmonary inflammation...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947924/the-aging-overactive-bladder-a-review-of-aging-related-changes-from-the-brain-to-the-bladder
#18
Anne M Suskind
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To understand the current literature on age-related neural and detrusor changes associated with overactive bladder symptoms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have unveiled an age-related decrease in the neural control of continence, represented in the insula, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). Older individuals with overactive bladder symptoms also demonstrate heightened activation of the ACC with low volumes, representing increased bladder sensitivity or sense of urgency...
March 2017: Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946966/value-of-urinary-levels-of-interleukin-6-epidermal-growth-factor-monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-type1-and-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-in-predicting-the-extent-of-fibrosis-lesions-in-kidney-biopsies-of-patients-with-iga-nephropathy
#19
Alfons Segarra-Medrano, Clara Carnicer-Caceres, Naiara Valtierra-Carmeno, Irene Agraz-Pamplona, Natalia Ramos-Terrades, Elías Jatem Escalante, Elena Ostos-Roldan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the associations between urinary levels of IL-6 EGF, MCP-1 and TGFβ1 and clinical, biochemical and histopathological characteristics in patients with primary IgA nephropathy and their ability to predict the extent of lesions of glomerular and/or interstitial sclerosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 58 patients with IgA nephropathy were studied. We determined the urine levels of IL-6, EGF, MCP-1, and TGFβ1 at the time of diagnosis. The extent of glomerular and interstitial fibrosis was analyzed by quantitative morphometry and kidney biopsies were classified according to the Oxford criteria...
September 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942638/inhibitory-effects-of-north-american-wild-rice-on-monocyte-adhesion-and-inflammatory-modulators-in-ldl-receptor-knockout-mice
#20
Mohammed H Moghadasian, Ruozhi Zhao, Nora Ghazzawi, Khuong Le, Franklin B Apea-Bah, Trust Beta, Garry Shen
The present study examined the effects of wild rice on monocyte adhesion, inflammatory and fibrinolytic mediators in low-density lipoprotein receptor-knockout (LDLr-KO) mice. Male LDLr-KO mice received cholesterol (0.06%, w/w) supplemented diet with or without white rice or wild rice (60%, w/w) for 20 weeks. White rice significantly increased monocyte adhesion, abundances of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, tissue necrosis factor-α, intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), and uPA receptor in aortae and hearts of LDLr-KO mice compared to control diet...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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