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Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234287/synergistic-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-and-manual-lymphatic-drainage-in-patients-with-mastectomy-related-lymphedema
#1
Kyung-Jin Ha, Sang-Yeol Lee, Hojun Lee, Seung-Jun Choi
Purpose: Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) are potential therapeutic strategies to reduce mastectomy-induced edema. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of these therapies would induce synergistic effects to treat lymphedema-related complications and to analyze a possible physiological mechanism involved in the observed effects. Methods: A total of 55 patients diagnosed with mastectomy-induced lymphedema were recruited and randomized into three experimental groups: PNF group (n = 17), MLD group (n = 20), and PNF + MLD group (n = 18)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233831/the-efficacy-of-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pnf-approach-in-stroke-rehabilitation-to-improve-basic-activities-of-daily-living-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#2
Francesc Xavier Guiu-Tula, Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Mercè Sitjà-Rabert, Gerard Urrútia, Natàlia Gómara-Toldrà
INTRODUCTION: Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) is a widely used rehabilitation concept, although its efficacy has not yet been demonstrated in stroke survivors. The aim of this systematic review is to identify, assess and synthesise the potential benefits of using PNF to improve the activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (QoL) of individuals with stroke. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic electronic search will be conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL and PEDro...
December 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223884/chronic-effect-of-different-types-of-stretching-on-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Diulian Muniz Medeiros, Tamara Fenner Martini
The calf muscles are one of the muscle groups that have the most need for adequate flexibility since they are deeply related to normal lower limb function. When the goal is to increase flexibility, the most commonly used technique is stretching. However, it remains unknown which stretching technique and parameters are the most effective to increase flexibility. Hence, the aim of the current review was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) of healthy individuals...
October 27, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200651/effects-of-taping-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-for-stance-phase-duration-of-stroke-patients
#4
Youn-Bum Sung, Jun-Cheol Lee, Kyoung Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of taping and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients who were diagnosed with hemiparalysis due to stroke were selected as subjects of study. Experiment group 1 patients had Kinesio taping applied before applying the PNF, while experiment group 2 patients had McConell taping applied before applying the PNF. The control group had only the PNF applied. The dartfish program was used to evaluate the stance phase of stroke patients...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200648/the-immediate-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-with-taping-on-gait-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#5
Shin-Jun Park
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the immediate effects of simultaneous application of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and elastic taping (T), and the removal of the elastic tape, on the gait parameters of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty stroke patients were divided into a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation group (PNFG, n=7), a taping group (TG, n=6), and a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation with taping group (PNFTG, n=7). Relevant interventions were applied for 30 minutes, the tape was removed, and gait parameters were evaluated...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114517/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-based-abdominal-muscle-strengthening-training-on-pulmonary-function-pain-and-functional-disability-index-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients
#6
Beom-Ryong Kim, Hye-Jin Lee
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of abdominal muscle strengthening training (AMST) using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on pulmonary function, pain, and functional disability index in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. Thirty CLBP patients were randomly assigned to the traditional physical therapy (control) group (n=15) and PNF-AMST group (n=15). Forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) was measured to measure changes in pulmonary function. To measure the degree of pain, a visual analog scale (VAS) was used...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114507/investigation-of-alpha-band-of-the-electroencephalogram-before-and-after-a-task-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#7
Luan Correia Costa, Alzira Andrade, Lysnara Lial, Rayele Moreira, Ane Caroline Lima, Astrogildo Magvinier, Ricardo Lira, Anderson Aragão, Pedro Henrique Ulisses, Eric Crespo, Marco Orsini, Silmar Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos
The proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) sets up a feature of treatment developed with the objective to facilitate and improve the motor performance. The aim of this study was to investigate in healthy female individuals the effects of electrophysiological of a diagonal of the PNF upper limb. The sample consisted of 30 female participants aged between 18 to 28 years, randomly divided into 3 groups (G1, G2, and G3). The three groups had 2 moments of electroencephalographic signal detection, before and after the task...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096587/proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-increases-alpha-absolute-power-in-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-superior-parietal-cortex
#8
Lysnara Lial, Rayele Moreira, Luan Correia, Alzira Andrade, Ane Caroline Pereira, Ricardo Lira, Rogério Figueiredo, Fernando Silva-Júnior, Marco Orsini, Pedro Ribeiro, Bruna Velasques, Maurício Cagy, Silmar Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos
The physiotherapist's clinical practice includes proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), which is a treatment concept that accelerates the response of neuromuscular mechanisms through spiral and diagonal movements. The adaptations that occur in the nervous system following PNF are still poorly described in the literature. Thus, this study had a goal to investigate the electrophysiological changes in the fronto-parietal circuit during PNF and movement in sagittal and diagonal patterns. This study included 30 female participants, who were divided into three groups (control, PNF, and flexion groups)...
September 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084092/acute-effects-of-active-ballistic-passive-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-streching-on-sprint-and-vertical-jump-performance-in-trained-young-soccer-players
#9
Lucas de Paula Oliveira, Luiz Henrique Palucci Vieira, Rodrigo Aquino, João Paulo Vieira Manechini, Paulo Roberto Pereira Santiago, Enrico Fuini Puggina
The aim of the present study was to compare the acute effects of active (AC), ballistic (BA), passive (PA), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) methods on performance in vertical jumping, sit and reach, and sprinting in young soccer players. Twelve trained soccer players (17.67 ± 0.87 years) participated in the study. The jump height (H), peak power (PP), and relative power (RP) in the squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ), the range of motion (ROM), the rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and time (s) in 10-20-30 m sprints were evaluated...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037625/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-balance-strength-and-mobility-of-an-older-adult-with-chronic-stroke-a-case-report
#10
Christopher S Cayco, Edward James R Gorgon, Rolando T Lazaro
This study described the effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) program on balance, strength, and mobility in an older adult with chronic stroke. The patient was male, aged 69 years, with right hemiplegia for 17 years, and had diminished balance, balance confidence, lower extremity (LE) strength, and gait velocity. He received 1 h of PNF-based therapy thrice a week for six weeks. Outcome measures were: Mini-BESTest, limits of stability (LOS), Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Five Time Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST), Upright Motor Control Test (UMCT), and 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949820/pilates-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-methods-induce-similar-strength-gains-but-different-neuromuscular-adaptations-in-elderly-women
#11
Fabiana Teixeira de Carvalho, Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Rafael Pereira, Osmar Pinto Neto, Renato Amaro Zangaro
Background/Study Context: The aging process is associated with a decline in muscle mass, strength, and conditioning. Two training methods that may be useful to improve muscle function are Pilates and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). Thus, the present study aimed to compare the influence of training programs using Pilates and PNF methods with elderly women. METHODS: Sixty healthy elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Pilates group, PNF group, and control group...
September 26, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946541/effects-of-two-proprioceptive-training-programs-on-ankle-range-of-motion-pain-functional-and-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-ankle-sprain
#12
Lazaros Lazarou, Nikolaos Kofotolis, Georgios Pafis, Eleftherios Kellis
BACKGROUND: Following ankle sprain, residual symptoms are often apparent, and proprioceptive training is a treatment approach. Evidence, however, is limited and the optimal program has to be identified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two post-acute supervised proprioceptive training programs in individuals with ankle sprain. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a physiotherapy center for ankle sprain rehabilitation. In a pre-post treatment, blinded-assessor design, 22 individuals were randomly allocated to a balance or a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) group...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905003/an-immediate-effect-of-pnf-specific-mobilization-on-the-angle-of-trunk-rotation-and-the-trunk-pelvis-hip-angle-range-of-motion-in-adolescent-girls-with-double-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-pilot-study
#13
A Stępień, K Fabian, K Graff, M Podgurniak, A Wit
BACKGROUND: Impairment of spine rotation is a key concept in several theories explaining the pathogenesis and progression of scoliosis. In previous studies, a more limited range of motion in scoliotic girls compared to their non-scoliotic peers was noted. The Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle measurement is a test used to assess the range of motion in the trunk-pelvis-hip complex in the transverse plane. The aim of this study was to assess an immediate effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation specific mobilization (mPNF) on the angle of trunk rotation and Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle range of motion in adolescent girls with double scoliosis...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804454/an-evaluation-of-the-design-and-usability-of-a-novel-robotic-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-device-for-patients-with-stroke
#14
Yu-Cheng Pei, Jean-Lon Chen, Alice M K Wong, Kevin C Tseng
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. EVIDENCE LEVEL: IV (case series). INTRODUCTION: Robot-assisted therapy for upper limb rehabilitation is an emerging research topic and its design process must integrate engineering, neurological pathophysiology, and clinical needs. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study developed/evaluated the usefulness of a novel rehabilitation device, the MirrorPath, designed for the upper limb rehabilitation of patients with hemiplegic stroke...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796278/prophylactic-stretching-does-not-reduce-cramp-susceptibility
#15
Kevin C Miller, James D Harsen, Blaine C Long
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians advocate stretching to prevent muscle cramps. It is unknown whether static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching increases cramp threshold frequency (TFc ), a quantitative measure of cramp susceptibility. METHODS: Fifteen individuals completed this randomized, counterbalanced, cross-over study. We measured passive hallux range of motion (ROM) and then performed 3 minutes of either static stretching, PNF stretching (hold-relax-with agonist contraction), or no stretching...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750960/the-effects-of-opposite-directional-static-contraction-of-the-muscles-of-the-right-upper-extremity-on-the-ipsilateral-right-soleus-h-reflex
#16
Tomoko Shiratani, Mitsuo Arai, Hironobu Kuruma, Kazue Masumoto
The objective of this study was to explore the neurophysiological remote after-effects of resistive static contraction (SC) of the muscles of the upper extremity, considering the resistant direction on the ipsilateral (right) soleus H-reflex. The participants included 12 normal subjects with a mean (SD) age of 23.8 (2.8) years. The subjects were asked to maintain their upper extremity against the traction force, at a level of resistance that was 50% of the maximal SC strength. A 20-s SC of the muscles of the upper extremity utilizing contraction of the upper extremity muscles using a diagonal flexion (shoulder flexion-adduction-external rotation) or extension (shoulder extension-abduction-internal rotation), a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) pattern was induced...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702446/comparison-of-abdominal-muscle-activity-during-abdominal-drawing-in-maneuver-combined-with-irradiation-variations
#17
Young-In Hwang, Du-Jin Park
Many experts have used an indirect method for enhancing strength and performance of muscles in clinical practice. The indirect method, which called an irradiation is a basic procedure of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, there is little research related the effects of irradiation. This study investigated abdominal muscle activity during abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) combined with irradiation variations. The study recruited 42 healthy, young adults who were divided randomly into three groups according to which intervention they received...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#18
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626327/the-effects-of-dynamic-exercise-using-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pattern-on-posture-in-healthy-adults
#19
Misuk Cho, Wontae Gong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation pattern accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on posture in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] The total number of subjects were 32; 16 were randomly placed in the training group, and the remaining 16 made up the control group. The subjects in the training group conducted 5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593083/dynamic-oscillatory-stretching-efficacy-on-hamstring-extensibility-and-stretch-tolerance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Arie Michaeli, Jason Cameron Tee, Aimee Stewart
BACKGROUND: While static stretch (SS), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and oscillatory physiological mobilization techniques are documented to have positive effects on a range of motion (ROM), there are no reports on the effect of dynamic oscillatory stretching (DOS), a technique that combines these three techniques, on hamstring extensibility. PURPOSE: To determine whether DOS improves hamstring extensibility and stretch tolerance to a greater degree than SS in asymptomatic young participants...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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