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Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037625/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-balance-strength-and-mobility-of-an-older-adult-with-chronic-stroke-a-case-report
#1
Christopher S Cayco, Edward James R Gorgon, Rolando T Lazaro
This study described the effects of a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) program on balance, strength, and mobility in an older adult with chronic stroke. The patient was male, aged 69 years, with right hemiplegia for 17 years, and had diminished balance, balance confidence, lower extremity (LE) strength, and gait velocity. He received 1 h of PNF-based therapy thrice a week for six weeks. Outcome measures were: Mini-BESTest, limits of stability (LOS), Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Five Time Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST), Upright Motor Control Test (UMCT), and 10 Meter Walk Test (10 MWT)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949820/pilates-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-methods-induce-similar-strength-gains-but-different-neuromuscular-adaptations-in-elderly-women
#2
Fabiana Teixeira de Carvalho, Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Rafael Pereira, Osmar Pinto Neto, Renato Amaro Zangaro
Background/Study Context: The aging process is associated with a decline in muscle mass, strength, and conditioning. Two training methods that may be useful to improve muscle function are Pilates and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). Thus, the present study aimed to compare the influence of training programs using Pilates and PNF methods with elderly women. METHODS: Sixty healthy elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Pilates group, PNF group, and control group...
September 26, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946541/effects-of-two-proprioceptive-training-programs-on-ankle-range-of-motion-pain-functional-and-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-ankle-sprain
#3
Lazaros Lazarou, Nikolaos Kofotolis, Georgios Pafis, Eleftherios Kellis
BACKGROUND: Following ankle sprain, residual symptoms are often apparent, and proprioceptive training is a treatment approach. Evidence, however, is limited and the optimal program has to be identified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two post-acute supervised proprioceptive training programs in individuals with ankle sprain. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a physiotherapy center for ankle sprain rehabilitation. In a pre-post treatment, blinded-assessor design, 22 individuals were randomly allocated to a balance or a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) group...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905003/an-immediate-effect-of-pnf-specific-mobilization-on-the-angle-of-trunk-rotation-and-the-trunk-pelvis-hip-angle-range-of-motion-in-adolescent-girls-with-double-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-pilot-study
#4
A Stępień, K Fabian, K Graff, M Podgurniak, A Wit
BACKGROUND: Impairment of spine rotation is a key concept in several theories explaining the pathogenesis and progression of scoliosis. In previous studies, a more limited range of motion in scoliotic girls compared to their non-scoliotic peers was noted. The Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle measurement is a test used to assess the range of motion in the trunk-pelvis-hip complex in the transverse plane. The aim of this study was to assess an immediate effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation specific mobilization (mPNF) on the angle of trunk rotation and Trunk-Pelvis-Hip Angle range of motion in adolescent girls with double scoliosis...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804454/an-evaluation-of-the-design-and-usability-of-a-novel-robotic-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-device-for-patients-with-stroke
#5
Yu-Cheng Pei, Jean-Lon Chen, Alice M K Wong, Kevin C Tseng
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. EVIDENCE LEVEL: IV (case series). INTRODUCTION: Robot-assisted therapy for upper limb rehabilitation is an emerging research topic and its design process must integrate engineering, neurological pathophysiology, and clinical needs. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study developed/evaluated the usefulness of a novel rehabilitation device, the MirrorPath, designed for the upper limb rehabilitation of patients with hemiplegic stroke...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796278/prophylactic-stretching-does-not-reduce-cramp-susceptibility
#6
Kevin C Miller, James D Harsen, Blaine C Long
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians advocate stretching to prevent muscle cramps. It is unknown whether static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching increases cramp threshold frequency (TFc ), a quantitative measure of cramp susceptibility. METHODS: Fifteen individuals completed this randomized, counterbalanced, cross-over study. We measured passive hallux range of motion (ROM) and then performed 3 minutes of either static stretching, PNF stretching (hold-relax-with agonist contraction), or no stretching...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750960/the-effects-of-opposite-directional-static-contraction-of-the-muscles-of-the-right-upper-extremity-on-the-ipsilateral-right-soleus-h-reflex
#7
Tomoko Shiratani, Mitsuo Arai, Hironobu Kuruma, Kazue Masumoto
The objective of this study was to explore the neurophysiological remote after-effects of resistive static contraction (SC) of the muscles of the upper extremity, considering the resistant direction on the ipsilateral (right) soleus H-reflex. The participants included 12 normal subjects with a mean (SD) age of 23.8 (2.8) years. The subjects were asked to maintain their upper extremity against the traction force, at a level of resistance that was 50% of the maximal SC strength. A 20-s SC of the muscles of the upper extremity utilizing contraction of the upper extremity muscles using a diagonal flexion (shoulder flexion-adduction-external rotation) or extension (shoulder extension-abduction-internal rotation), a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) pattern was induced...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702446/comparison-of-abdominal-muscle-activity-during-abdominal-drawing-in-maneuver-combined-with-irradiation-variations
#8
Young-In Hwang, Du-Jin Park
Many experts have used an indirect method for enhancing strength and performance of muscles in clinical practice. The indirect method, which called an irradiation is a basic procedure of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, there is little research related the effects of irradiation. This study investigated abdominal muscle activity during abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) combined with irradiation variations. The study recruited 42 healthy, young adults who were divided randomly into three groups according to which intervention they received...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#9
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626327/the-effects-of-dynamic-exercise-using-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pattern-on-posture-in-healthy-adults
#10
Misuk Cho, Wontae Gong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation pattern accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on posture in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] The total number of subjects were 32; 16 were randomly placed in the training group, and the remaining 16 made up the control group. The subjects in the training group conducted 5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593083/dynamic-oscillatory-stretching-efficacy-on-hamstring-extensibility-and-stretch-tolerance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Arie Michaeli, Jason Cameron Tee, Aimee Stewart
BACKGROUND: While static stretch (SS), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and oscillatory physiological mobilization techniques are documented to have positive effects on a range of motion (ROM), there are no reports on the effect of dynamic oscillatory stretching (DOS), a technique that combines these three techniques, on hamstring extensibility. PURPOSE: To determine whether DOS improves hamstring extensibility and stretch tolerance to a greater degree than SS in asymptomatic young participants...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#12
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508278/physiotherapy-programme-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anna Pyszora, Jacek Budzyński, Agnieszka Wójcik, Anna Prokop, Małgorzata Krajnik
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and relevant symptom in patients with advanced cancer that significantly decreases their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physiotherapy programme on CRF and other symptoms in patients diagnosed with advanced cancer. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients diagnosed with advanced cancer receiving palliative care were randomized into two groups: the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30)...
September 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503533/effect-of-core-strengthening-with-pelvic-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-trunk-balance-gait-and-function-in-chronic-stroke
#14
Vishal Sharma, Jaskirat Kaur
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of core strengthening combined with pelvic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on trunk impairment, balance, gait, and functional ability of chronic stroke patients. Twenty-three participants with chronic stroke were recruited and randomly allocated to one of the two groups: core strengthening combined with pelvic PNF (group 1, n=13), and pelvic PNF with trunk flexibility exercises (group 2, n=10). Intervention was given to both groups for 60 min per session 5 times per week for 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356634/comparison-of-anterior-gluteus-medius-fiber-activation-during-general-exercises-and-pnf-exercises
#15
Sung-Kwang Ju, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study compared the activation of anterior gluteus medius fibers during general exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises. [Subjects and Methods] The study enrolled 15 healthy adults. The participants performed general hip abductor strengthening exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises; during both types of exercise, electromyography activity was recorded. [Results] Greater anterior gluteus medius fiber activation was observed during the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises compared with the general hip abductor strengthening exercises...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355323/conventional-physical-therapy-and-physical-therapy-based-on-reflex-stimulation-showed-similar-results-in-children-with-myelomeningocele
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Y P Aizawa, Mariana P Morales, Carolina Lundberg, Maria Clara D Soares de Moura, Fernando C G Pinto, Mariana C Voos, Renata H Hasue
We aimed to investigate whether infants with myelomeningocele would improve their motor ability and functional independence after ten sessions of physical therapy and compare the outcomes of conventional physical therapy (CPT) to a physical therapy program based on reflex stimulation (RPT). Twelve children were allocated to CPT (n = 6, age 18.3 months) or RPT (n = 6, age 18.2 months). The RPT involved proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. Children were assessed with the Gross Motor Function Measure and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory before and after treatment...
March 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210065/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercise-using-pnf-on-the-size-of-calcium-deposits-pain-self-awareness-and-shoulder-joint-function-in-a-calcific-tendinitis-patient-a-case-study
#17
Dong-Gun Oh, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of independent and intensive therapeutic exercise using Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the size of calcium deposits, pain self-awareness, and shoulder joint function in a patient with calcific tendonitis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 42-year-old female patient with calcific tendonitis and acute pain who had difficulty with active movement and problems with general function. The independent and intensive Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise was applied for 40 min twice a day five times a week for two weeks for a total of 20 times...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192194/diagonal-movement-of-the-upper-limb-produces-greater-adaptive-plasticity-than-sagittal-plane-flexion-in-the-shoulder
#18
Rayele Moreira, Lysnara Lial, Maria Gabriela Teles Monteiro, Alice Aragão, Lorena Santos David, Marcelo Coertjens, Fernando L Silva-Júnior, Gildário Dias, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Silmar Silva Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos
The motor rehabilitation is based on exercises that involve various joints and muscle groups. One such treatment method is Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF), which involves diagonal movements simulating many activities of daily living. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences between PNF and shoulder flexion movements performed without the diagonal component (i.e., only in the sagittal plane) using beta band absolute power as a measure of plasticity. The study included 30 volunteers randomized into three groups (control, PNF, and FLEX), with electroencephalographic signals captured before and after the performance of the task...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174433/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-stretching-and-deep-breathing-exercises-on-upper-extremity-lymphedema-in-stroke-patients
#19
Woon Taek Hwang, Yeon-Jae Jeong, Seong-Yeol Kim, Yeon-Gyu Jeong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of deep-breathing and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching exercises on upper limb lymphedema in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The study consisted of 10 patients with lymphedema that had occurred after stroke. Neurodevelopmental treatment was applied in the same manner as that used for the existing treatment. The subjects performed deep-breathing and stretching exercises three times per week for 4 weeks (12 sessions total)...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167188/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-versus-stretching-techniques-on-muscle-soreness-and-flexibility-during-recovery-from-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tarik Ozmen, Gokce Yagmur Gunes, Hanife Dogan, Ilyas Ucar, Mark Willems
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching, or kinesio taping (KT) on muscle soreness and flexibility during recovery from exercise. Sixty-five females were randomly assigned to four groups: PNF stretching (n = 15), static stretching (n = 16), KT (n = 17), and control (n = 17). All participants performed nordic hamstring exercise (5 sets of 8 repetitions). In all groups, hamstring flexibility at 24 h and 48 h was not changed from baseline (p > ...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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