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Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804454/an-evaluation-of-the-design-and-usability-of-a-novel-robotic-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-device-for-patients-with-stroke
#1
Yu-Cheng Pei, Jean-Lon Chen, Alice M K Wong, Kevin C Tseng
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. EVIDENCE LEVEL: IV (case series). INTRODUCTION: Robot-assisted therapy for upper limb rehabilitation is an emerging research topic and its design process must integrate engineering, neurological pathophysiology, and clinical needs. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study developed/evaluated the usefulness of a novel rehabilitation device, the MirrorPath, designed for the upper limb rehabilitation of patients with hemiplegic stroke...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796278/prophylactic-stretching-does-not-reduce-cramp-susceptibility
#2
Kevin C Miller, James D Harsen, Blaine C Long
INTRODUCTION: Some clinicians advocate stretching to prevent muscle cramps. It is unknown if static or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching increases cramp threshold frequency (TFc ), a quantitative measure of cramp susceptibility. METHODS: Fifteen individuals completed this randomized, counterbalanced, cross-over study. We measured passive hallux ROM and then performed three minutes of either static stretching, PNF stretching (hold-relax-with agonist contraction), or no stretching...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750960/the-effects-of-opposite-directional-static-contraction-of-the-muscles-of-the-right-upper-extremity-on-the-ipsilateral-right-soleus-h-reflex
#3
Tomoko Shiratani, Mitsuo Arai, Hironobu Kuruma, Kazue Masumoto
The objective of this study was to explore the neurophysiological remote after-effects of resistive static contraction (SC) of the muscles of the upper extremity, considering the resistant direction on the ipsilateral (right) soleus H-reflex. The participants included 12 normal subjects with a mean (SD) age of 23.8 (2.8) years. The subjects were asked to maintain their upper extremity against the traction force, at a level of resistance that was 50% of the maximal SC strength. A 20-s SC of the muscles of the upper extremity utilizing contraction of the upper extremity muscles using a diagonal flexion (shoulder flexion-adduction-external rotation) or extension (shoulder extension-abduction-internal rotation), a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) pattern was induced...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702446/comparison-of-abdominal-muscle-activity-during-abdominal-drawing-in-maneuver-combined-with-irradiation-variations
#4
Young-In Hwang, Du-Jin Park
Many experts have used an indirect method for enhancing strength and performance of muscles in clinical practice. The indirect method, which called an irradiation is a basic procedure of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, there is little research related the effects of irradiation. This study investigated abdominal muscle activity during abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) combined with irradiation variations. The study recruited 42 healthy, young adults who were divided randomly into three groups according to which intervention they received...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626335/2-dimensional-analysis-of-low-limb-taping-methods-on-ambulation-for-stroke-patients
#5
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment on the type of taping applied before proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation treatment. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted on thirty patients diagnosed with stroke. The study subjects were divided into three groups: experimental group 1, experimental group 2, and control group 3. Experimental group 1 applied Kinesio taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. Experimental group 2 applied McConnell taping to the lower limb before applying proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique and control group applied only proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626327/the-effects-of-dynamic-exercise-using-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pattern-on-posture-in-healthy-adults
#6
Misuk Cho, Wontae Gong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of dynamic exercise utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation pattern accompanied by abdominal drawing-in exercises on posture in healthy adults. [Subjects and Methods] The total number of subjects were 32; 16 were randomly placed in the training group, and the remaining 16 made up the control group. The subjects in the training group conducted 5 sets of dynamic exercises utilizing the proprioceptor neuromuscular facilitation patterns each day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593083/dynamic-oscillatory-stretching-efficacy-on-hamstring-extensibility-and-stretch-tolerance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Arie Michaeli, Jason Cameron Tee, Aimee Stewart
BACKGROUND: While static stretch (SS), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and oscillatory physiological mobilization techniques are documented to have positive effects on a range of motion (ROM), there are no reports on the effect of dynamic oscillatory stretching (DOS), a technique that combines these three techniques, on hamstring extensibility. PURPOSE: To determine whether DOS improves hamstring extensibility and stretch tolerance to a greater degree than SS in asymptomatic young participants...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#8
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508278/physiotherapy-programme-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Anna Pyszora, Jacek Budzyński, Agnieszka Wójcik, Anna Prokop, Małgorzata Krajnik
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and relevant symptom in patients with advanced cancer that significantly decreases their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physiotherapy programme on CRF and other symptoms in patients diagnosed with advanced cancer. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients diagnosed with advanced cancer receiving palliative care were randomized into two groups: the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30)...
September 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503533/effect-of-core-strengthening-with-pelvic-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-trunk-balance-gait-and-function-in-chronic-stroke
#10
Vishal Sharma, Jaskirat Kaur
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of core strengthening combined with pelvic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on trunk impairment, balance, gait, and functional ability of chronic stroke patients. Twenty-three participants with chronic stroke were recruited and randomly allocated to one of the two groups: core strengthening combined with pelvic PNF (group 1, n=13), and pelvic PNF with trunk flexibility exercises (group 2, n=10). Intervention was given to both groups for 60 min per session 5 times per week for 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356634/comparison-of-anterior-gluteus-medius-fiber-activation-during-general-exercises-and-pnf-exercises
#11
Sung-Kwang Ju, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study compared the activation of anterior gluteus medius fibers during general exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises. [Subjects and Methods] The study enrolled 15 healthy adults. The participants performed general hip abductor strengthening exercises and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises; during both types of exercise, electromyography activity was recorded. [Results] Greater anterior gluteus medius fiber activation was observed during the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises compared with the general hip abductor strengthening exercises...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355323/conventional-physical-therapy-and-physical-therapy-based-on-reflex-stimulation-showed-similar-results-in-children-with-myelomeningocele
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Y P Aizawa, Mariana P Morales, Carolina Lundberg, Maria Clara D Soares de Moura, Fernando C G Pinto, Mariana C Voos, Renata H Hasue
We aimed to investigate whether infants with myelomeningocele would improve their motor ability and functional independence after ten sessions of physical therapy and compare the outcomes of conventional physical therapy (CPT) to a physical therapy program based on reflex stimulation (RPT). Twelve children were allocated to CPT (n = 6, age 18.3 months) or RPT (n = 6, age 18.2 months). The RPT involved proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. Children were assessed with the Gross Motor Function Measure and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory before and after treatment...
March 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210065/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercise-using-pnf-on-the-size-of-calcium-deposits-pain-self-awareness-and-shoulder-joint-function-in-a-calcific-tendinitis-patient-a-case-study
#13
Dong-Gun Oh, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of independent and intensive therapeutic exercise using Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on the size of calcium deposits, pain self-awareness, and shoulder joint function in a patient with calcific tendonitis. [Subject and Methods] The subject was a 42-year-old female patient with calcific tendonitis and acute pain who had difficulty with active movement and problems with general function. The independent and intensive Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercise was applied for 40 min twice a day five times a week for two weeks for a total of 20 times...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192194/diagonal-movement-of-the-upper-limb-produces-greater-adaptive-plasticity-than-sagittal-plane-flexion-in-the-shoulder
#14
Rayele Moreira, Lysnara Lial, Maria Gabriela Teles Monteiro, Alice Aragão, Lorena Santos David, Marcelo Coertjens, Fernando L Silva-Júnior, Gildário Dias, Bruna Velasques, Pedro Ribeiro, Silmar Silva Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos
The motor rehabilitation is based on exercises that involve various joints and muscle groups. One such treatment method is Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF), which involves diagonal movements simulating many activities of daily living. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences between PNF and shoulder flexion movements performed without the diagonal component (i.e., only in the sagittal plane) using beta band absolute power as a measure of plasticity. The study included 30 volunteers randomized into three groups (control, PNF, and FLEX), with electroencephalographic signals captured before and after the performance of the task...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174433/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-stretching-and-deep-breathing-exercises-on-upper-extremity-lymphedema-in-stroke-patients
#15
Woon Taek Hwang, Yeon-Jae Jeong, Seong-Yeol Kim, Yeon-Gyu Jeong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of deep-breathing and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching exercises on upper limb lymphedema in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The study consisted of 10 patients with lymphedema that had occurred after stroke. Neurodevelopmental treatment was applied in the same manner as that used for the existing treatment. The subjects performed deep-breathing and stretching exercises three times per week for 4 weeks (12 sessions total)...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167188/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-versus-stretching-techniques-on-muscle-soreness-and-flexibility-during-recovery-from-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#16
Tarik Ozmen, Gokce Yagmur Gunes, Hanife Dogan, Ilyas Ucar, Mark Willems
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching, or kinesio taping (KT) on muscle soreness and flexibility during recovery from exercise. Sixty-five females were randomly assigned to four groups: PNF stretching (n = 15), static stretching (n = 16), KT (n = 17), and control (n = 17). All participants performed nordic hamstring exercise (5 sets of 8 repetitions). In all groups, hamstring flexibility at 24 h and 48 h was not changed from baseline (p > ...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119879/influence-of-the-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-exercise-programs-on-idiopathic-scoliosis-patient-in-the-early-20s-in-terms-of-curves-and-balancing-abilities-single-case-study
#17
Byung-Ki Lee
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) exercise programs for idiopathic scoliosis with a female patient in the early 20s in terms of her spinal curve and balancing abilities. The study subject was selected among 21-year-old female college students. There were no particular activities that the subject could not perform, but patient complained of difficulty in maintaining the standing position for a prolonged time. Patient chest X-ray results showed S-shaped curves tilted towards the left or right in the lumbar spine, thoracic spine, and cervical spine areas...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992070/exercise-for-haemophilia
#18
REVIEW
Karen Strike, Kathy Mulder, Rojer Michael
BACKGROUND: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with haemorrhaging into joints and muscles. Exercise is often used to aid recovery after bleeds, and to improve joint function in the presence of arthropathy. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the available evidence on the safety and effectiveness of exercise for people with haemophilia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register and electronic databases PubMed, OVID-Embase, and CINAHL...
December 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895574/robot-assisted-rehabilitation-of-ankle-plantar-flexors-spasticity-a-3-month-study-with-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#19
Zhihao Zhou, Yao Sun, Ninghua Wang, Fan Gao, Kunlin Wei, Qining Wang
In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)-based rehabilitation for ankle plantar flexors spasticity by using a Robotic Ankle-foot Rehabilitation System (RARS). A modified robot-assisted system was proposed, and seven poststroke patients with hemiplegic spastic ankles participated in a 3-month robotic PNF training. Their impaired sides were used as the experimental group, while their unimpaired sides as the control group. A robotic intervention for the experimental group started from a 2-min passive stretching to warming-up or relaxing the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and also ended with the same one...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791345/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-long-term-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-training-on-pain-related-outcomes-and-back-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Witchayut Wongrat, Nertnapa Neammesri, Thanaporn Thongsakul
BACKGROUND: The role of exercise therapy in improving pain-related clinical outcomes and trunk muscle activity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been widely reported. There is little information on the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) training in patients with CLBP. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the persistence of the effects of PNF training on pain intensity, functional disability, patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and lower back muscle activity in patients with CLBP...
October 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
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