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Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895574/robot-assisted-rehabilitation-of-ankle-plantar-flexors-spasticity-a-3-month-study-with-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#1
Zhihao Zhou, Yao Sun, Ninghua Wang, Fan Gao, Kunlin Wei, Qining Wang
In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)-based rehabilitation for ankle plantar flexors spasticity by using a Robotic Ankle-foot Rehabilitation System (RARS). A modified robot-assisted system was proposed, and seven poststroke patients with hemiplegic spastic ankles participated in a 3-month robotic PNF training. Their impaired sides were used as the experimental group, while their unimpaired sides as the control group. A robotic intervention for the experimental group started from a 2-min passive stretching to warming-up or relaxing the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and also ended with the same one...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791345/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-long-term-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-training-on-pain-related-outcomes-and-back-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#2
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Witchayut Wongrat, Nertnapa Neammesri, Thanaporn Thongsakul
BACKGROUND: The role of exercise therapy in improving pain-related clinical outcomes and trunk muscle activity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been widely reported. There is little information on the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) training in patients with CLBP. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the persistence of the effects of PNF training on pain intensity, functional disability, patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and lower back muscle activity in patients with CLBP...
October 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734980/role-of-kabat-rehabilitation-in-facial-nerve-palsy-a-randomised-study-on-severe-cases-of-bell-s-palsy
#3
S Monini, C M Iacolucci, M Di Traglia, A I Lazzarino, M Barbara
The treatment of Bell's palsy (BP), based on steroids and/or antiviral drugs, may still leave a certain percentage of affected subjects with disfiguring sequelae due to incomplete recovery. The different procedures of physical rehabilitation have not been demonstrated to play a favourable role in this disorder. The aim of the present study was to compare functional outcomes in severe cases of Bell's palsy when treated by steroids alone or by steroids accompanied by Kabat physical rehabilitation. This prospective study included 94 subjects who showed sudden facial nerve (FN) palsy with House-Brackmann grade IV or V and who were divided into two groups on the basis of the therapeutic approach: one group (a) was treated by steroids, and the other (b) received steroids in combination with physical rehabilitation...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632844/changes-in-hamstring-range-of-motion-following-neurodynamic-sciatic-sliders-a-critically-appraised-topic
#4
Robert J Bonser, Christy L Hancock, Bethany L Hansberger, Rick A Loutsch, Eric K Stanford, Alli K Zeigel, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany, Scott Cheatham
Clinical Scenario: Hamstring tightness is a common condition leading to dysfunctional or restricted movement that is often treated with stretching. Neurodynamics has been proposed as an alternative to stretching by targeting the neural system rather than muscle tissue. Focused Clinical Question: In an active population, what is the effect of using neurodynamic sliders compared to stretching on traditional measures of range of motion? Summary of Key Findings: The authors of a well-designed study identified that neurodynamic sliders were more effective than static stretching, while the authors of two less well-designed studies reported no difference with static stretching or that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching was more effective than neurodynamic sliders...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585746/the-influence-of-ndt-bobath-and-pnf-methods-on-the-field-support-and-total-path-length-measure-foot-pressure-cop-in-patients-after-stroke
#5
Jolanta Krukowska, Marcin Bugajski, Monika Sienkiewicz, Jan Czernicki
In stroke patients, the NDT - (Bobath - Neurodevelopmental Treatment) and PNF (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation) methods are used to achieve the main objective of rehabilitation, which aims at the restoration of maximum patient independence in the shortest possible period of time (especially the balance of the body). The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of the NDT-Bobath and PNF methods on the field support and total path length measure foot pressure (COP) in patients after stroke. The study included 72 patients aged from 20 to 69 years after ischemic stroke with Hemiparesis...
August 20, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512270/immediate-effects-of-neuromuscular-joint-facilitation-intervention-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Lei Wang
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the immediate effects of neuromuscular joint facilitation (NJF) on the functional activity level after rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. [Subjects and Methods] Ten young subjects (8 males and 2 females) who underwent ACL reconstruction were included in the study. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely, knee joint extension muscle strength training (MST) group and knee joint extension outside rotation pattern of NJF group...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512254/effects-of-trunk-stability-exercise-using-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-with-changes-in-chair-height-on-the-gait-of-patients-who-had-a-stroke
#7
Si-Eun Park, Sang-Hyun Moon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of trunk stability exercise using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation with changes in chair heights on the gait of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 11 stroke patients. The intervention method was trunk stability exercise using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation with different chair heights (50, 60, and 70 cm). These exercises were performed 5 times per week for 6 weeks. Gait velocity, cadence, stride length, gait cycle, and stance phase duration were used to measure gait function...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441914/the-acute-effect-of-different-stretching-methods-on-sprint-performance-in-taekwondo-practitioners
#8
Utku Alemdaroglu, Yusuf Köklü, Mitat Koz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of different stretching types on sprint performance in taekwondo practitioners. METHODS: Twelve male taekwondo practitioners performed stretching exercises using different types (ballistic, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), static stretching) in a random order at three-day intervals; there was also a control condition involving no stretching exercises. The subjects performed 2 maximal 20m sprints (with 10m split times also recorded) with a recovery period of 1 minute immediately post stretching and at 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes after stretching...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367916/effects-of-acute-static-ballistic-and-pnf-stretching-exercise-on-the-muscle-and-tendon-tissue-properties
#9
A Konrad, S Stafilidis, M Tilp
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of a single static, ballistic, or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching exercise on the various muscle-tendon parameters of the lower leg and to detect possible differences in the effects between the methods. Volunteers (n = 122) were randomly divided into static, ballistic, and PNF stretching groups and a control group. Before and after the 4 × 30 s stretching intervention, we determined the maximum dorsiflexion range of motion (RoM) with the corresponding fascicle length and pennation angle of the gastrocnemius medialis...
July 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353989/effectiveness-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-techniques-as-compared-to-traditional-strength-training-in-gait-training-among-transtibial-amputees
#10
Hadeya Anjum, Imran Amjad, Arshad Nawaz Malik
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques as compared with the traditional prosthetic strength training (TPT), in improving ambulatory function in subjects with transtibial amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Artificial Limb Centre of Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, from July to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Patients with lower-limb amputation was selected through purposive sampling and randomly assigned into PNF group (n=31) and traditional group (n=32)...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299948/immediate-effects-of-pnf-stretching-programs-compared-to-passive-stretching-programs-for-hamstring-flexibility-a-critically-appraised-topic
#11
Kristian J Hill, Kendall P Robinson, Jennifer W Cuchna, Matthew C Hoch
Injuries to the posterior thigh are common in athletics. Hamstring injuries result in significant time lost from participation and impair health-related quality of life. Previous research has determined that hamstring injuries are related to poor hamstring flexibility. Therefore, increasing hamstring flexibility through clinical stretching interventions may be an effective means to prevent hamstring injuries. It is evident that hamstring stretching, whether using a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) or static method, can increase hamstring flexibility...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299583/changes-in-hamstring-range-of-motion-following-neurodynamic-sciatic-sliders-a-critically-appraised-topic
#12
Robert J Bonser, Christy L Hancock, Bethany L Hansberger, Rick A Loutsch, Eric K Stanford, Alli K Zeigel, Russell T Baker, James May, Alan Nasypany, Scott W Cheatham
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Hamstring tightness is a common condition leading to dysfunctional or restricted movement that is often treated with stretching. Neurodynamics has been proposed as an alternative to stretching by targeting the neural system rather than muscle tissue. Focused Clinical Question: In an active population, what is the effect of using neurodynamic sliders compared to stretching on traditional measures of range of motion? Summary of Key Findings: The authors of a well-designed study identified that neurodynamic sliders were more effective than static stretching, while the authors of two less well-designed studies reported no difference with static stretching or that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching was more effective than neurodynamic sliders...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190456/acute-effect-of-scapular-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-pnf-techniques-and-classic-exercises-in-adhesive-capsulitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Nilay Comuk Balcı, Zeliha Ozlem Yuruk, Aslican Zeybek, Mustafa Gulsen, Mustafa Agah Tekindal
[Purpose] The aim of our study was to compare the initial effects of scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques and classic exercise interventions with physiotherapy modalities on pain, scapular dyskinesis, range of motion, and function in adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-three subjects were allocated to 3 groups: scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercies and physiotherapy modalities, classic exercise and physiotherapy modalities, and only physiotherapy modalities...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190436/effects-of-oculo-motor-exercise-functional-electrical-stimulation-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-stimulation-on-visual-perception-of-spatial-neglect-patients
#14
Si-Eun Park, Dae-Sik Oh, Sang-Hyun Moon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of oculo-motor exercise, functional electrical stimulation (FES), and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on the visual perception of spatial neglect patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were randomly allocated to 3 groups: an oculo-motor exercise (OME) group, a FES with oculo-motor exercise (FOME) group, and a PNF with oculo-motor exercise (POME) group. The line bisection test (LBT), motor free visual test (MVPT), and Catherine Bergego Scale (CBS) were used to measure visual perception...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134394/the-immediate-effect-of-pnf-pattern-on-muscle-tone-and-muscle-stiffness-in-chronic-stroke-patient
#15
Joong-San Wang, Sang-Bin Lee, Sang-Hyun Moon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on muscle tone and muscle stiffness in stroke patients. [ Subjects and Methods] The subjects consisted of 15 patients with chronic stroke (stroke group) and 15 healthy persons (healthy group). We measured the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation intervention on the lower extremity using a muscle tone measurement device; this detected changes in muscle tone and stiffness in the lower extremity muscles...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134370/effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-neck-pattern-exercise-on-the-ability-to-control-the-trunk-and-maintain-balance-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#16
Pil Neo Hwangbo, Kyoung Don Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation neck pattern exercise on the ability to control the trunk and balance in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 30 study subjects were selected and randomly divided into an experimental group of 15 subjects, who received the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation neck pattern exercise, and a control group of 15 subjects, who received a traditional rehabilitation treatment. [Results] Statistically significant changes in all the items of the Trunk Impairment Scale, the Trunk Impairment Scale total score, and the Berg Balance Scale were observed in both the experimental group and the control group...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065550/effect-of-eye-movements-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-balance-and-head-alignment-in-stroke-patients-with-neglect-syndrome
#17
Si-Eun Park, Kyung-Ok Min, Sang-Bin Lee, Wan-Suk Choi, Soon-Hee Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of eye movements and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on patients with neglect syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were randomly allocated to 2 groups: the eye movements (EM) group; and the PNF with eye movements (PEM) group. The program was conducted five times each week for 6 weeks. Balance (both static and dynamic) and head alignment (craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle) were measured before and after testing...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963737/the-effects-of-neuromuscular-facilitation-techniques-on-osteoporosis-of-hemiplegia-limbs-and-serum-leptin-level-in-patients-or-rats-with-cerebral-infarction
#18
Zhihua Si, Ke Hu, Congcong Wang, Likun Jia, Xiuqing Zhang, Aihua Wang
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques (NFT) on osteoporosis and serum leptin level in cerebral infarction patients or rats. RESEARCH DESIGN: Forty cerebral infarction rats were randomly grouped into control, sham operation, conventional treatment (CT) group and CT+NFT group. Fifty-two stroke patients with hemiplegia were included in this study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The bone mineral densities (BMD) of proximal hemiplegia limbs and serum ALP, BALP, BGP, IL-6 and leptin levels were detected using commercial kits...
March 10, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957759/evaluat%C3%A4-ng-the-effectiveness-of-frozen-shoulder-treatment-on-the-right-and-left-sides
#19
Hasan Kerem Alptekin, Tuğba Aydın, Enes Serkan İflazoğlu, Mirsad Alkan
[Purpose] To evaluate treatments with interferential current, hot pack, ultrasound therapy, stretching, strengthening and range-of-motion exercises, comparing between the right and left shoulders in terms of pain and functional capacity in patients with frozen shoulder. This was a retrospective study. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-four patients (34 right side, 30 left side) were treated with interferential current and hot pack application for 20 min each, ultrasound therapy for 3 min, regular range-of-motion exercises, stretching exercises, strengthening with a Theraband in all directions and post-exercise proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929476/comparison-of-effects-of-static-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-and-mulligan-stretching-on-hip-flexion-range-of-motion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
M S Yıldırım, S Ozyurek, Oç Tosun, S Uzer, N Gelecek
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching and Mulligan technique on hip flexion range of motion (ROM) in subjects with bilateral hamstring tightness. A total of 40 students (mean age: 21.5±1.3 years, mean body height: 172.8±8.2 cm, mean body mass index: 21.9±3.0 kg · m(-2)) with bilateral hamstring tightness were enrolled in this randomized trial, of whom 26 completed the study. Subjects were divided into 4 groups performing (I) typical static stretching, (II) PNF stretching, (III) Mulligan traction straight leg raise (TSLR) technique, (IV) no intervention...
March 2016: Biology of Sport
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