keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Non-verbal learning disability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729149/the-contribution-of-short-term-memory-capacity-to-reading-ability-in-adolescents-with-cochlear-implants
#1
Lindsey Edwards, Lynne Aitkenhead, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish the relationship between short-term memory capacity and reading skills in adolescents with cochlear implants. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A between-groups design compared a group of young people with cochlear implants with a group of hearing peers on measures of reading, and auditory and visual short-term memory capacity. The groups were matched for non-verbal IQ and age. The adolescents with cochlear implants were recruited from the Cochlear Implant Programme at a specialist children's hospital...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644018/expanding-the-phenotype-of-triple-x-syndrome-a-comparison-of-prenatal-versus-postnatal-diagnosis
#2
Kristen Wigby, Cheryl D'Epagnier, Susan Howell, Amy Reicks, Rebecca Wilson, Lisa Cordeiro, Nicole Tartaglia
Triple X syndrome (47, XXX) occurs in approximately 1:1,000 female births and has a variable phenotype of physical and psychological features. Prenatal diagnosis rates of 47, XXX are increasing due to non-invasive prenatal genetic testing. Previous studies suggest that prenatal diagnosed females have better neurodevelopmental outcomes. This cross-sectional study describes diagnosis, physical features, medical problems, and neurodevelopmental features in a large cohort of females with 47, XXX. Evaluation included review of medical and developmental history, physical exam, cognitive, and adaptive testing...
November 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385793/cognitive-dysfunction-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-possible-role-for-neuromodulatory-immune-molecules
#3
REVIEW
Mark G Rae, Dervla O'Malley
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X chromosome-linked disease characterized by progressive physical disability, immobility, and premature death in affected boys. Underlying the devastating symptoms of DMD is the loss of dystrophin, a structural protein that connects the extracellular matrix to the cell cytoskeleton and provides protection against contraction-induced damage in muscle cells, leading to chronic peripheral inflammation. However, dystrophin is also expressed in neurons within specific brain regions, including the hippocampus, a structure associated with learning and memory formation...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175054/paired-associate-learning-tasks-and-their-contribution-to-reading-skills
#4
Catalina Mourgues, Mei Tan, Sascha Hein, Emma Ojanen, Jodi Reich, Heikki Lyytinen, Elena L Grigorenko
Associative learning has been identified as one of several non-linguistic processes involved in reading acquisition. However, it has not been established whether it is an independent process that contributes to reading performance on its own or whether it is a process that is embedded in other linguistic skills (e.g., phonological awareness or phonological memory) and, therefore, contributing to reading performance indirectly. Research has shown that performance on tasks assessing associative learning, e.g...
February 2016: Learning and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155839/inattention-and-impulsivity-associated-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-11-years-old-brazilian-children
#5
Erikson Felipe Furtado, Sarah Teófilo de Sá Roriz
This paper aimed to examine prenatal alcohol exposure and neuropsychological parameters and its relationship to impulsivity and inattention. Longitudinal prospective case-control cohort study starting with the risk drinking assessment of 449 third-trimester pregnant women, and a follow-up phase with 56 mother-child pairs (28 alcohol-exposed versus 28 non-exposed), with 11-12 years old children. The cohort study was followed up for 11 years. Quantity-frequency structured questions as well as AUDIT and T-ACE questionnaires were used to assess maternal alcohol consumption...
May 7, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26999522/executive-functioning-and-learning-skills-of-adolescent-children-born-at-fewer-than-26-weeks-of-gestation
#6
A Farooqi, M Adamsson, F Serenius, B Hägglöf
AIMS: To assess the cognitive and behavioral aspects of executive functioning (EF) and learning skills in extremely preterm (EPT) children compared with term control children aged 10 to 15 years. METHODS: A total of 132 of 134 (98% of all eligible survivors) EPT children born at the 2 Swedish regional tertiary care centers from 1992 to 1998 (mean age = 12 years, mean birth weight = 718 g, and mean gestational age = 24.4 weeks) and 103 matched term controls were assessed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26323056/spatial-and-numerical-processing-in-children-with-non-verbal-learning-disabilities
#7
Virginie Crollen, Camille Vanderclausen, Florence Allaire, Arnaud Pollaris, Marie-Pascale Noël
Consistently with the idea that numbers and space interact with each other, the present paper aimed to investigate the impact of non-verbal learning disabilities (NVLD) on spatial and numerical processing. In order to do so, 15 NVLD and 15 control children were required to perform different spatial (the line bisection and Simon tasks) and numerical tasks (the number bisection, number-to-position and numerical comparison tasks). In every task, NVLD children presented lower accuracy scores than the control group...
December 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26305063/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cognitive-remediation-in-early-schizophrenia
#8
REVIEW
Emily R Revell, Jo C Neill, Michael Harte, Zarshed Khan, Richard J Drake
Neurocognitive impairment predicts disability in schizophrenia, making intervention theoretically attractive as a means to minimise chronic disability. Many trials confirm that cognitive remediation (CR) produces meaningful, durable improvements in cognition and functioning but fewer focus on the early stages. We systematically reviewed CR trials in early schizophrenia to determine its efficacy on global cognition, functioning and symptoms. Two reviewers independently searched electronic databases to identify randomised controlled trials investigating CR following a first episode of psychosis...
October 2015: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301905/deficits-in-visual-short-term-memory-binding-in-children-at-risk-of-non-verbal-learning-disabilities
#9
Ricardo Basso Garcia, Irene C Mammarella, Arianna Pancera, Cesar Galera, Cesare Cornoldi
It has been hypothesized that learning disabled children meet short-term memory (STM) problems especially when they must bind different types of information, however the hypothesis has not been systematically tested. This study assessed visual STM for shapes and colors and the binding of shapes and colors, comparing a group of children (aged between 8 and 10 years) at risk of non-verbal learning disabilities (NLD) with a control group of children matched for general verbal abilities, age, gender, and socioeconomic level...
October 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26140426/computerized-working-memory-training-has-positive-long-term-effect-in-very-low-birthweight-preschool-children
#10
Kristine Hermansen Grunewaldt, Jon Skranes, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Gro C C Lähaugen
AIM: Working memory deficits are frequently found in children born preterm and have been linked to learning disabilities, and cognitive and behavioural problems. Our aim was to evaluate if a computerized working memory training program has long-term positive effects on memory, learning, and behaviour in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) children at age 5 to 6 years. METHOD: This prospective, intervention study included 20 VLBW preschool children in the intervention group and 17 age-matched, non-training VLBW children in the comparison group...
February 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25824966/canadian-emergency-medicine-residents-perspectives-on-pediatric-pain-management
#11
Huma Ali, Janeva Kircher, Christine Meyers, Joseph MacLellan, Samina Ali
BACKGROUND: Under-treatment of children's pain in the emergency department (ED) can have many detrimental effects. Emergency medicine (EM) residents often manage pediatric pain, but their educational needs and perspectives have not been studied. METHODS: A novel online survey was administered from May to June 2013 to 122 EM residents at three Canadian universities using a modified Dillman methodology. The survey instrument captured information on training received in pediatric acute pain management, approach to common painful presentations, level of comfort, perceived facilitators, and barriers and attitudes towards pediatric pain...
September 2015: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25652445/list-memory-in-young-adults-with-language-learning-disability
#12
Li Sheng, Courtney T Byrd, Karla K McGregor, Hannah Zimmerman, Kadee Bludau
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the verbal memory limitations of young adults with language learning disability (LLD). METHOD: Sixteen young adults with LLD and 34 age- and education-matched controls with typical language participated in a Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) list recall experiment. Participants listened to 12-item word lists that converged on a nonpresented critical item (e.g., rain) semantically (umbrella, drench, weather, hail), phonologically (train, main, ran, wren), or dually in a hybrid list (umbrella, train, drench, main) and recalled words in no particular order...
April 2015: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25610417/memory-and-comprehension-deficits-in-spatial-descriptions-of-children-with-non-verbal-and-reading-disabilities
#13
Irene C Mammarella, Chiara Meneghetti, Francesca Pazzaglia, Cesare Cornoldi
The present study investigated the difficulties encountered by children with non-verbal learning disability (NLD) and reading disability (RD) when processing spatial information derived from descriptions, based on the assumption that both groups should find it more difficult than matched controls, but for different reasons, i.e., due to a memory encoding difficulty in cases of RD and to spatial information comprehension problems in cases of NLD. Spatial descriptions from both survey and route perspectives were presented to 9-12-year-old children divided into three groups: NLD (N = 12); RD (N = 12), and typically developing controls (TD; N = 15); then participants completed a sentence verification task and a memory for locations task...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25294996/order-short-term-memory-is-not-impaired-in-dyslexia-and-does-not-affect-orthographic-learning
#14
Eva Staels, Wim Van den Broeck
This article reports two studies that investigate short-term memory (STM) deficits in dyslexic children and explores the relationship between STM and reading acquisition. In the first experiment, 36 dyslexic children and 61 control children performed an item STM task and a serial order STM task. The results of this experiment show that dyslexic children do not suffer from a specific serial order STM deficit. In addition, the results demonstrate that phonological processing skills are as closely related to both item STM and serial order STM...
2014: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25284471/visuospatial-working-memory-for-locations-colours-and-binding-in-typically-developing-children-and-in-children-with-dyslexia-and-non-verbal-learning-disability
#15
Ricardo Basso Garcia, Irene C Mammarella, Doriana Tripodi, Cesare Cornoldi
This study examined forward and backward recall of locations and colours and the binding of locations and colours, comparing typically developing children - aged between 8 and 10 years - with two different groups of children of the same age with learning disabilities (dyslexia in one group, non-verbal learning disability [NLD] in the other). Results showed that groups with learning disabilities had different visuospatial working memory problems and that children with NLD had particular difficulties in the backward recall of locations...
March 2014: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25283764/preschoolers-with-down-syndrome-do-not-yet-show-the-learning-and-memory-impairments-seen-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#16
Lynette V Roberts, Jenny L Richmond
Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) exhibit a behavioral phenotype of specific strengths and weaknesses, in addition to a generalized cognitive delay. In particular, adults with DS exhibit specific deficits in learning and memory processes that depend on the hippocampus, and there is some suggestion of impairments on executive function tasks that depend on the prefrontal cortex. While these functions have been investigated in adults with DS, it is largely unclear how these processes develop in young children with DS...
May 2015: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25018615/efficacy-of-the-getting-ready-intervention-and-the-role-of-parental-depression
#17
Susan M Sheridan, Lisa L Knoche, Carolyn P Edwards, Kevin A Kupzyk, Brandy L Clarke, Elizabeth M Kim
This study reports the results of a randomized trial of a parent engagement intervention (the Getting Ready Project) on directly observed learning-related social behaviors of children from families of low-income in the context of parent-child interactions. The study explored the moderating effect of parental depression on intervention outcomes. Participants were 204 children and their parents, and 29 Head Start teachers. Semi-structured parent-child interaction tasks were videotaped two times annually over the course of two academic years...
2014: Early Education and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24634695/thematic-matching-as-remedial-teaching-for-symbolic-matching-for-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Karen M Lionello-Denolf, Rachel Farber, B Max Jones, William V Dube
Matching-to-sample (MTS) is often used to teach symbolic relationships between spoken or printed words and their referents to children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. However, many children have difficulty learning symbolic matching, even though they may demonstrate generalized identity matching. The current study investigated whether training on symbolic MTS tasks in which the stimuli are physically dissimilar but members of familiar categories (i.e., thematic matching) can remediate an individual's difficulty learning symbolic MTS tasks involving non-representative stimuli...
May 1, 2014: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24568233/significant-improvements-in-cognitive-performance-post-transcranial-red-near-infrared-light-emitting-diode-treatments-in-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-open-protocol-study
#19
Margaret A Naeser, Ross Zafonte, Maxine H Krengel, Paula I Martin, Judith Frazier, Michael R Hamblin, Jeffrey A Knight, William P Meehan, Errol H Baker
This pilot, open-protocol study examined whether scalp application of red and near-infrared (NIR) light-emitting diodes (LED) could improve cognition in patients with chronic, mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Application of red/NIR light improves mitochondrial function (especially in hypoxic/compromised cells) promoting increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) important for cellular metabolism. Nitric oxide is released locally, increasing regional cerebral blood flow. LED therapy is noninvasive, painless, and non-thermal (cleared by the United States Food and Drug Administration [FDA], an insignificant risk device)...
June 1, 2014: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24520133/parents-of-non-verbal-children-with-learning-disability-ld-most-commonly-recognise-their-child-s-pain-through-vocalisations-social-behaviour-and-facial-expressions
#20
COMMENT
keyword
keyword
56568
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"