Read by QxMD icon Read


Pazit Levinger, Myrla Sales, Remco Polman, Terry Haines, Briony Dow, Stuart Biddle, Gustavo Duque, Keith D Hill
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Exercising outdoors provide beneficial effect on mental and physical health for all ages. However, few older people exercise outdoors other than walking. While outdoor gyms have become increasingly common in Australia, limited outdoor exercise equipment specifically designed for older people is available in public spaces. We have set up and evaluated a unique purpose-built outdoor exercise park for older people in the community setting, and demonstrated positive physical and well-being outcomes associated with the provision of this unique exercise mode and social program...
March 14, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Giovanni De Feo, Sabino De Gisi, Sabato De Vita, Michele Notarnicola
The main aim of this study was to define and apply a multidisciplinary and multi-criteria approach to sustainability in evaluating alternative end-uses for disused areas. Taking into account the three pillars of sustainability (social, economic and environmental dimension) as well as the need for stakeholders to have new practical instruments, the innovative approach consists of four modules stated (i) sociological, (ii) economic, (iii) environmental and (iv) multi-criteria assessment. By means of a case study on a small Municipality in Southern Italy, three end-uses alternatives, representing three essential services for citizens, were selected: Municipal gym; Market area; Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) separate collection centre...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Snehal N Shah, Eleni Digenis-Bury, Elizabeth T Russo, Shannon O'Malley, Nineequa Blanding, Anne McHugh, Roy Wada
Well documented, persistent racial/ethnic health disparities in obesity and hypertension in the US demonstrate the continued need for interventions that focus on people of color who may be at higher risk. We evaluated a demonstration project funded by the CDC's Racial/Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program at four federally qualified health centers (FQHC) and YMCA fitness and wellness centers in Boston. No-cost YMCA memberships were offered from June 2014 to June 2015 to non-Latino black and Latino adults with a diagnosis of hypertension...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
María T López-García, Paula Yagüe, Nathaly González-Quiñónez, Beatriz Rioseras, Angel Manteca
Extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors are a major type of bacterial signal-transducers whose biological functions remain poorly characterized in streptomycetes. In this work we studied SCO4117, a conserved ECF sigma factor from the ECF52 family overexpressed during substrate and aerial mycelium stages. The ECF52 sigma factors harbor, in addition to the ECF sigma factor domain, a zinc finger domain, a transmembrane region, a proline-rich C-terminal extension, and a carbohydrate-binding domain. This class of ECF sigma factors is exclusive to Actinobacteria...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Helena U Westergren, Li-Ming Gan, Marianne Månsson, Sara Svedlund
Background: The impact of personalized exercise training and a healthy dietary lifestyle in healthy volunteers on coronary flow reserve and cardiovascular function remains to be investigated in a controlled study setting. Purpose: To examine the effects of a Mediterranean-inspired diet combined with regular physical exercise (standard) and a personalized supervised exercise program (DAPS) on coronary flow reserve and cardiovascular function. Results: The number of males were 10 (59%) and 9 (47%) and mean age was 54 ± 12 and 55 ± 5 years in standard versus DAPS group, respectively...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Aoife Cahill, Orna Mc Ginley, Courtney Bertrand, Olive Lennon
BACKGROUND: Robotic walking devices (RWD) have shown many physical benefits in Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) rehabilitation. No study to date has explored end-user perceptions of these devices or gained insight into the use of these devices in a gym-based setting. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study explores the perspectives of four non-ambulatory individuals with SCI on using an exoskeleton walking device in a gym-based community setting. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with four SCI individuals living in the community...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Svetlana Nikitina, Daniele Didino, Marcos Baez, Fabio Casati
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has a positive effect on physical health, well-being, and life satisfaction of older adults. However, engaging in regular physical activity can be challenging for the elderly population because of reduced mobility, low motivation, or lack of the proper infrastructures in their communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to study the feasibility of home-based online group training-under different group cohesion settings-and its effects on adherence and well-being among Russian older adults...
February 27, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Koen van der Swaluw, Mattijs S Lambooij, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Maarten Schipper, Marcel Zeelenberg, Stef Berkhout, Johan J Polder, Henriëtte M Prast
To overcome self-control difficulties, people can commit to their health goals by voluntarily accepting deadlines with consequences. In a commitment lottery, the winners are drawn from all participants, but can only claim their prize if they also attained their gym-attendance goals. In a 52-week, three-arm trial across six company gyms, we tested if commitment lotteries with behavioral economic underpinnings would promote physical activity among overweight adults. In previous work, we presented an effective 26-week intervention...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Paul S Jansons, Lauren Robins, Terry P Haines, Lisa O'Brien
BACKGROUND: At present there is no clear evidence to support any one particular intervention for engaging adults with chronic health issues in ongoing exercise. An understanding of consumer perceptions and preferences is important, because low rates of exercise adherence are likely to limit any benefits obtained. OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare participants' perceptions about their own motivation, capacity and opportunity to adhere to an allocated exercise program during either a gym-based or a home-based exercise program with telephone follow-up...
February 19, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Afshin Ostovar, Mohammad Javad Haerinejad, Samad Akbarzadeh, Mojtaba Keshavarz
Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the prevalence of major psychiatric disorders including major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and generalized anxiety disorder between performance-enhancing drug users and nonuser bodybuilders. Moreover, the prevalence of major psychiatric disorders in bodybuilders was also reported. Method: In this study, 453 athletes were recruited from Bushehr bodybuilding gyms from February to May 2015. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the participants' information, including demographic characteristics, sports' status and performance-enhancing drug use...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Fernanda Maria Martins, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues Resende, Erick Prado de Oliveira, Fábio Lera Orsatti
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effects of 12 weeks of high-intensity interval body weight training (HIBWT) with combined training (COMT; aerobic and resistance exercises on body composition, a 6-minute walk test (6MWT; physical performance), insulin resistance (IR) and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women (PW) at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TDM2). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical study, 16 PW at high risk of TDM2 were randomly allocated into two groups: HIBWT (n = 8) and COMT (n = 8)...
February 19, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Cathrin Martin, Ingrid Demmelmaier
OBJECTIVES: To explore strategies used by physiotherapists (PTs) in guiding people with rheumatoid arthritis to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) in a group setting during a 1-year intervention study. METHODS: Exploratory design with qualitative video analysis performed in three steps. Eleven female PTs were video recorded while leading support group sessions aiming at facilitating HEPA (twice-weekly exercise sessions at public gyms and 150 weekly minutes of moderately intense aerobic physical activity)...
February 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Gordon McGregor, Eric J Stöhr, David Oxborough, Peter Kimani, Rob Shave
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise training is beneficial after myocardial infarction (MI). Whilst the peripheral adaptations to training are well defined, little is known regarding the effect on left ventricular (LV) remodelling, particularly LV function. Efficient LV ejection and filling is achieved through deformation and rotation of the myocardium in systole and diastole - LV mechanics. The response of LV mechanics to CR exercise training in MI patients is unknown. METHODS: In this observational exploratory study, 36 (of 40 enrolled) male, MI patients completed either 10-weeks of twice-weekly gym based cardiovascular exercise at 60-80% VO2peak (n=18), or a non-exercise control period (n=18)...
January 31, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Martin Aidan O'Reilly, Patrick Slevin, Tomas Ward, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Formulift is a newly developed mobile health (mHealth) app that connects to a single inertial measurement unit (IMU) worn on the left thigh. The IMU captures users' movements as they exercise, and the app analyzes the data to count repetitions in real time and classify users' exercise technique. The app also offers feedback and guidance to users on exercising safely and effectively. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the Formulift system with three different and realistic types of potential users (beginner gym-goers, experienced gym-goers, and qualified strength and conditioning [S&C] coaches) under a number of categories: (1) usability, (2) functionality, (3) the perceived impact of the system, and (4) the subjective quality of the system...
January 31, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Keegan Knittle, Johanna Nurmi, Rik Crutzen, Nelli Hankonen, Marguerite Beattie, Stephan U Dombrowski
Motivation is a proximal determinant of behavior, and increasing motivation is central to most health behavior change interventions. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify features of physical activity interventions associated with favorable changes in three prominent motivational constructs: intention, stage of change and autonomous motivation. A systematic literature search identified 89 intervention studies (k=200; N=19,212) which assessed changes in these motivational constructs for physical activity...
January 31, 2018: Health Psychology Review
M E Capra, N G De Paulis, M Montagni, S Peveri, E Savi, G Biasucci
Anakinra, one of the novel biological agents, is a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist. It is preferred as an alternative drug for familial Mediterranean fever cases where colchicine is not sufficient or cannot be used due to its side effects. Like all other biologics, hypersensitivity reactions to anakinra are quite rare. This is the first case which was successfully desensitized with anakinra after a severe immediate-type hypersensitivity reaction. We report a case of WDEIA in an asthmatic boy admitted to our Unit with suspected mushroom acute toxicity...
November 23, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Daniel H De La Iglesia, Juan F De Paz, Gabriel Villarrubia González, Alberto L Barriuso, Javier Bajo, Juan M Corchado
Nowadays, many citizens have busy days that make finding time for physical activity difficult. Thus, it is important to provide citizens with tools that allow them to introduce physical activity into their lives as part of the day's routine. This article proposes an app for an electric pedal-assist-system (PAS) bicycle that increases the pedaling intensity so the bicyclist can achieve higher and higher levels of physical activity. The app includes personalized assist levels that have been adapted to the user's strength/ability and a profile of the route, segmented according to its slopes...
January 14, 2018: Sensors
Neha Prasad Ainsworth, Elisabeth Julie Vargo, Andrea Petróczi
BACKGROUND: 2,4-Dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is a compound with multiple industrial purposes. Currently unlicensed for human consumption, it is used by the gym-going population for drastic, short-term body fat loss. Nonetheless, physiological mechanisms can lead to potentially fatal hyperthermia. Reported fatal incidents have caused concern and highlighted the need for intervention. Understanding decision-making leading to 2,4-DNP use alongside the perceived outgroup attitudes is vital to forming effective harm minimisation policies targeting current and potential users...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
James Higgerson, Emma Halliday, Aurora Ortiz-Nunez, Richard Brown, Ben Barr
BACKGROUND: There are large inequalities in levels of physical activity in the UK, and this is an important determinant of health inequalities. Little is known about the effectiveness of community-wide interventions to increase physical activity and whether effects differ by socioeconomic group. METHODS: We conducted interrupted time series and difference-in-differences analyses using local administrative data and a large national survey to investigate the impact of an intervention providing universal free access to leisure facilities alongside outreach and marketing activities in a deprived local authority area in the northwest of England...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"