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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418712/a-cross-sectional-study-of-indoor-tanning-in-fitness-centres
#1
Christina M Huang, Mark G Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a human carcinogen and is associated with the development of skin cancer. The promotion of indoor tanning (IT) at fitness centres is of particular concern as it reinforces the idea that a tan is associated with health and fitness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of IT in fitness centres, with an emphasis on determining the financial costs, adherence to regulations, and safety precautions. METHODS: Ten cities, representing 9 different Canadian provinces, were chosen for the study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418325/variation-in-music-player-listening-level-as-a-function-of-campus-location
#2
Yunea Park, Diana Guercio, Victoria Ledon, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: There has been significant discussion in the literature regarding music player use by adolescents and young adults, including whether device use is driving an increase in hearing loss in these populations. While many studies report relatively safe preferred listening levels, some studies with college student participants have reported listening habits that may put individuals at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) if those listening habits continue over the long term...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411576/a-population-based-study-of-premorbid-scholastic-achievement-among-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#3
Vardit Zerem Ullman, Tzipi Hornik-Lurie, Abraham Reichenberg
Population-based studies of premorbid cognitive functioning in schizophrenia have found verbal deficits and low IQ scores. It remains unclear, however, whether premorbid deficits are specific to schizophrenia, compared with other psychiatric disorders. Moreover, studies using school-based measures are few and their results inconsistent. This study assesses the eighth-grade (ages 13-14; n=11, 418) scholastic performance of adults with psychiatric disorders (n=194, 1.7, particularly with schizophrenia (n=86, 0...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375192/why-do-people-exercise-in-natural-environments-norwegian-adults-motives-for-nature-gym-and-sports-based-exercise
#4
Giovanna Calogiuri, Lewis R Elliott
Exercise in natural environments ("green exercise") confers numerous health benefits, but little is known about why people engage in green exercise. This study examined the importance of nature experiences as a motive for physical activity and the motivational profile of people who engage in green exercise compared to gym- and sports-based exercise. Physical activity motives and typical times spent in different domains of physical activity were reported by 2168 Norwegian adults in a survey. Experiencing nature was generally rated as the second-most important physical activity motive, exceeded only by convenience motives, and it was especially important for older adults and those who engage in greater amounts of instrumental physical activity...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374463/the-role-of-habit-in-different-phases-of-exercise
#5
Navin Kaushal, Ryan E Rhodes, John T Meldrum, John C Spence
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how habit strength in a preparatory and performance phase predicts exercise while accounting for intention. The secondary purpose was to determine the strength of potential habit antecedents (affective judgement, perceived behavioural control, consistency, and cues) in both exercise phases. DESIGN: This was a prospective study with measures collected at baseline and week 6. METHODS: Participants (n = 181) were a sample of adults (18-65) recruited across nine gyms and recreation centres who completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires after 6 weeks...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341586/less-exercise-and-more-drugs-how-a-low-income-population-manages-chronic-pain
#6
Barbara J Turner, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Yuanyuan Liang, Paula Winkler, Lisa Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate chronic pain management in a multistate, low income, Hispanic population and to examine predictors of exercising and prescription pain medication (PPM) use. DESIGN: Online survey administered to a representative sample of Hispanic adults in June 2015 SETTING: Five southwestern states PARTICIPANTS: Among all 1007 online panel members who were Hispanic, aged 35-75 years from five states, representing 11,016,135 persons, the survey was completed by 516 members (51%)...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339144/australian-and-new-zealand-pulmonary-rehabilitation-guidelines
#7
Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough, Kylie Johnston, Renae J McNamara, Lissa M Spencer, Sue C Jenkins, Catherine J Hill, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter Frith, Paul Cafarella, Michelle Brooke, Helen L Cameron-Tucker, Sarah Candy, Nola Cecins, Andrew S L Chan, Marita T Dale, Leona M Dowman, Catherine Granger, Simon Halloran, Peter Jung, Annemarie L Lee, Regina Leung, Tamara Matulick, Christian Osadnik, Mary Roberts, James Walsh, Sally Wootton, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Guidelines (Guidelines) is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) specific to Australian and New Zealand healthcare contexts. METHODS: The Guideline methodology adhered to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II criteria. Nine key questions were constructed in accordance with the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format and reviewed by a COPD consumer group for appropriateness...
March 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328278/returning-to-the-gym-with-a-stoma-a-patient-s-perspective
#8
Zoey Wright
Zoey Wright shares her experiences of adjusting to life with a stoma and how she overcame the practical and psychological challenges it posed.
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326292/acne-located-on-the-trunk-whey-protein-supplementation-is-there-any-association
#9
Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Bengu Cevirgen Cemil, Nazan Emiroglu, Anil Gulsel Bahali, Nahide Onsun
Whey protein is a source of protein that was isolated from milk. Whey proteins are composed of higher levels of essential amino acids. The role of diet in acne etiology has been investigated for several years. It was established that milk and milk products can trigger acneiform lesions, and recent evidence supports the role of whey protein supplements in acne. Herein, we report 6 healthy male adolescent patients developing acne located only to the trunk after the consumption of whey protein supplements for faster bodybuilding...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315750/fun-cube-based-brain-gym-cognitive-function-assessment-system
#10
Tao Zhang, Chung-Chih Lin, Tsang-Chu Yu, Jing Sun, Wen-Chuin Hsu, Alice May-Kuen Wong
The aim of this study is to design and develop a fun cube (FC) based brain gym (BG) cognitive function assessment system using the wireless sensor network and multimedia technologies. The system comprised (1) interaction devices, FCs and a workstation used as interactive tools for collecting and transferring data to the server, (2) a BG information management system responsible for managing the cognitive games and storing test results, and (3) a feedback system used for conducting the analysis of cognitive functions to assist caregivers in screening high risk groups with mild cognitive impairment...
March 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302660/rhabdomyolysis-induced-compartment-syndrome-secondary-to-atorvastatin-and-strenuous-exercise
#11
Louise Dunphy, Rossel Morhij, Sarah Tucker
A 50-year-old male UK resident with a history of hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia presented to the emergency department with a 48-hour history of sudden onset bilateral thigh swelling and pain unrelieved by regular analgesia. 3 days prior to presentation, he performed a vigorous workout in the gym. His medications included ramipril 5 mg once daily and atorvastatin 20 mg at night time. He was a non-smoker and did not consume alcohol. He reported no known drug allergies. Physical examination confirmed bilateral swollen thighs, with no overlying skin changes, clinically suggestive of compartment syndrome...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296533/polypharmacy-infectious-diseases-sexual-behavior-and-psychophysical-health-among-anabolic-steroid-using-homosexual-and-heterosexual-gym-patrons-in-san-francisco-s-castro-district
#12
Eric J Ip, Michael A Yadao, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Paul J Perry, Michael J Tenerowicz, Lindsay Newsom, Amber A Mann, Hermine Mkrtchyan, Harrison G Pope
BACKGROUND: Limited studies based in England and Australia reported misuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) among homosexual men to enhance body image. Anecdotally, AAS are also being misused by homosexual men in the United States. Since many AAS and certain performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) are administered via injection, this poses a potential vector for the spread of infectious disease in an already at-risk population. OBJECTIVES: This study compared and contrasted homosexual and heterosexual male gym clients regarding use of AAS and PEDs, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, seroprevalence of infectious disease, engagement in risky injection practices and sexual behaviors, and presence of psychiatric conditions...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286968/a-12-week-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-trial-in-patients-with-gliomas-a-feasibility-study
#13
Anders Hansen, Karen Søgaard, Lisbeth Rosenbek Minet, Jens Ole Jarden
PURPOSE: This report aims to assess the safety and feasibility of using an interdisciplinary rehabilitation intervention for a future randomized controlled trial in patients with gliomas in the initial treatment phase. METHOD: We conducted an outpatient two-part rehabilitation intervention that involved six weeks of therapeutic supervised training (part one) and six weeks of unsupervised training in a local gym following a training protocol (part two). RESULTS: Predefined feasibility objectives of safety (100%), consent rate (>80%), drop-out (<20%), adherence (>80%) and patient satisfaction (>80%) was achieved at part one...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270319/place-green-exercise-and-stress-an-exploration-of-lived-experience-and-restorative-effects
#14
Gunnthora Olafsdottir, Paul Cloke, Claus Vögele
This paper reports on inter-disciplinary research designed to investigate the stress-buffering effects of green exercise, and the importance of the context in which exercise takes place. This investigation of context effects examines both individual physiological responses (salivary cortisol) and the phenomenological interpretation of lived experiences of the intervention, reported by a subsample of participants in a randomized, controlled trial, in which healthy, physically inactive university students were randomly allocated to three activities: walking on a treadmill in a gym, walking in semi-natural recreational area, and sitting and watching nature-based videos on TV...
March 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269687/stayfit-a-wearable-application-for-gym-based-power-training
#15
Maram Maheedhar, Aman Gaurav, Vivek Jilla, Vijay N Tiwari, Rangavittal Narayanan
Comprehensive fitness training involves both cardiorespiratory and power components. Often power/muscle strength training is confused with cardiorespiratory endurance training. However, each of them target different physiological aspects of fitness. Although, wearable based fitness trackers designed towards cardiorespiratory endurance training are available in the market, a dedicated wearable based fitness application designed for power training/tracking is still not readily available to fitness enthusiasts...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268134/physical-activity-restrictions-in-activity-and-body-mass-index-among-urban-children-with-persistent-asthma
#16
Heather Holderness, Nancy Chin, Deborah J Ossip, Maria Fagnano, Marina Reznik, Jill S Halterman
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obesity are public health problems that disproportionately affect underserved children. Urban children with asthma may be limited in their participation in physical activity, further increasing their risk for overweight. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among high-risk children with persistent asthma, to assess physical activity and activity restrictions by level of asthma control, and to evaluate whether activity is associated with weight status...
April 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264761/outdoor-gyms-and-older-adults-acceptability-enablers-and-barriers-a-survey-of-park-users
#17
Vicki Stride, Leonie Cranney, Ashleigh Scott, Myna Hua
Issue addressed: Increasing the proportion of older adults meeting current recommendations for physical activity is important. This study aimed to determine the acceptability of outdoor gym use among older adults by assessing their outdoor gym use, intention to use, motivators, frequency and preference for use, and barriers and enablers to use. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 438 consenting English speaking park users≥50 years after installation and promotion of an outdoor gym. Results: Forty-two percent of older adults interviewed had used the outdoor gym...
March 6, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264695/the-feasibility-of-the-prostate-cancer-evidence-of-exercise-and-nutrition-trial-prevent-dietary-and-physical-activity-modifications-a-qualitative-study
#18
Ellie Shingler, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Luke Robles, Raj Persad, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Constance Shiridzinomwa, Amit Bahl, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that low levels of physical activity and diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat and dairy products are risk factors for prostate cancer disease progression. The Prostate cancer: Evidence of Exercise and Nutrition Trial (PrEvENT) aimed to assess a diet and physical activity intervention in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. The trial included a qualitative component to explore the experiences of men participating in the trial in order to understand the acceptability of the intervention and data collection methods...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262676/the-effects-of-supervised-exercise-training-12-24-months-after-bariatric-surgery-on-physical-function-and-body-composition-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
L Y Herring, C Stevinson, P Carter, S J H Biddle, D Bowrey, C Sutton, M J Davies
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective for the treatment of stage II and III obesity and its related diseases, although increasing evidence is showing weight regain ~12-24 months postsurgery. Weight regain increases the risk of physical function decline, which negatively affects an individual's ability to undertake activities of daily living. The study assessed the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise intervention on physical function and body composition in patients between 12 and 24 months post bariatric surgery...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243217/self-control-predicts-exercise-behavior-by-force-of-habit-a-conceptual-replication-of-adriaanse-et-al-2014
#20
Marleen Gillebaart, Marieke A Adriaanse
A recent study suggests that habits play a mediating role in the association between trait self-control and eating behavior, supporting a notion of effortless processes in trait self-control (Adriaanse et al., 2014). We conceptually replicated this research in the area of exercise behavior, hypothesizing that these associations would generalize to other self-control related behaviors. Sufficient exercise is essential for several health and well-being outcomes, and therefore many people intend to exercise. However, the majority of the population does not actually exercise to a sufficient or intended extent, due to competing temptations and short-term goals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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