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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920966/-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-prophylactic-program-in-a-selected-enterprise
#1
Jadwiga Siedlecka, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Agata Szyjkowska, Patryk Siedlecki, Wiesław Szymczak, Teresa Makowiec-Dąbrowska, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: In Poland cardiovascular diseases (CVD), classified as work-related diseases, are responsible for 25% of disability and cause 50% of all deaths, including 26.9% of deaths in people aged under 65 years. The aim of the study was to analyze employee expectations regarding CVD- oriented prophylactic activities in the selected enterprise. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire, developed for this study, consists of: socio-demographic data, job characteristics, occupational factors, and questions about the respondents' expectations concerning the prevention program...
September 18, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917951/a-spatial-analysis-of-race-local-health-promoting-resources-and-preventable-hospitalizations
#2
Caryn N Bell, Janice V Bowie, Roland J Thorpe, David M Levine
INTRODUCTION: Preventable hospitalizations (PHs) for chronic conditions could have been avoided if treated with primary healthcare. PH rates are higher among African Americans, and in areas with less healthcare. Little is known about the effects of non-healthcare local health-promoting resources (LHPRs). The objective of this study is to determine associations between LHPRs and chronic PH rates in Maryland, and to assess spatial clustering of areas with high PH rates. METHODS: Hospitalizations in 2010 were obtained from the Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission by zip code of residence...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910814/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-intervention-programmes-integrating-functional-exercise-into-daily-life-of-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Michaela Weber, Nacera Belala, Lindy Clemson, Elisabeth Boulton, Helen Hawley-Hague, Clemens Becker, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, exercise programmes for improving functional performance and reducing falls are organised as structured sessions. An alternative approach of integrating functional exercises into everyday tasks has emerged in recent years. OBJECTIVES: Summarising the current evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of interventions integrating functional exercise into daily life. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted including articles based on the following criteria: (1) individuals ≥60 years; (2) intervention studies of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies (NRS); (3) using a lifestyle-integrated approach; (4) using functional exercises to improve strength, balance, or physical functioning; and (5) reporting outcomes on feasibility and/or effectiveness...
September 15, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894789/impact-of-the-mk-vi-skinsuit-on-skin-microbiota-of-terrestrial-volunteers-and-an-international-space-station-bound-astronaut
#4
Richard A Stabler, Helena Rosado, Ronan Doyle, David Negus, Philip A Carvil, Juan G Kristjánsson, David A Green, Rafael Franco-Cendejas, Cadi Davies, Andreas Mogensen, Jonathan Scott, Peter W Taylor
Microgravity induces physiological deconditioning due to the absence of gravity loading, resulting in bone mineral density loss, atrophy of lower limb skeletal and postural muscles, and lengthening of the spine. SkinSuit is a lightweight compression suit designed to provide head-to-foot (axial) loading to counteract spinal elongation during spaceflight. As synthetic garments may impact negatively on the skin microbiome, we used 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene amplicon procedures to define bacterial skin communities at sebaceous and moist body sites of five healthy male volunteers undergoing SkinSuit evaluation...
2017: NPJ Microgravity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893187/does-dual-task-training-improve-walking-performance-of-older-adults-with-concern-of-falling
#5
B Wollesen, S Schulz, L Seydell, K Delbaere
BACKGROUND: Older adults with concerns of falling show decrements of gait stability under single (ST) and dual task (DT) conditions. To compare the effects of a DT training integrating task managing strategies for independent living older adults with and without concern about falling (CoF) to a non-training control group on walking performance under ST and DT conditions. METHODS: Single center parallel group single blind randomized controlled trial with group-based interventions (DT-managing balance training) compared to a control group (Ninety-five independent living older adults; 71...
September 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886545/occurrence-and-distribution-of-marine-natural-organic-pollutants-lipophilic-marine-algal-toxins-in-the-yellow-sea-and-the-bohai-sea-china
#6
Junhui Chen, Tongzhu Han, Xiaotong Li, Xiuping He, Yanlong Wang, Farong Chen, Xincheng Song, Deshan Zhou, Xiaoru Wang
For the first time, the composition, concentration and distribution characteristics of typical lipophilic marine algal toxins (LMATs) are investigated in surface seawater, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments from the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea, China. Pectenotoxin-2 (PTX2) and okadaic acid (OA) were detected in offshore surface seawater samples (n=67) of the Yellow and Bohai Seas, and PTX2 was found in higher concentrations than OA. The concentrations of PTX2 were between 0.49 and 14.14ng/L. OA, dinophysistoxin-1(DTX1), PTX2 and gymnodimine (GYM) were detected in the nearshore surface seawater samples (n=20) of the Haizhou Bay of the Yellow Sea...
September 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876194/potential-orofacial-hazards-of-resistance-training-a-controlled-comparative-study
#7
Pessia Friedman Rubin, Ilana Eli, Tzvi Greenbaum, Keren Shapira, Alona Emodi-Perelman, Ephraim Winocur
Objective To evaluate the effect of resistance training (RT) regarding potential hazard for dental wear, tooth abfractions, temporomandibular joint disc displacement, limitation in mouth opening, and existence of cervical spine disorders. The initial study hypothesis was that extensive resistance trainees (ExRT) would suffer from the above-mentioned symptoms more often than recreational trainees (RcT). Methods A controlled comparative study among male gym members via questionnaires and a clinical examination...
September 6, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863074/interval-walking-training-and-nutritional-intake-to-increase-plasma-volume-in-elderly
#8
Koji Uchida, Yoshi-Ichiro Kamijo, Shigeki Ikegawa, Koichiro Hamada, Shizue Masuki, Hiroshi Nose
PURPOSE: Aerobic training-induced plasma volume (PV) expansion improves thermoregulation, and carbohydrate (CHO) + whey protein supplementation enhanced the effects in older people; however, these were suggested by studies on gym-based cycling training but not on home-based interval walking training (IWT). Moreover, long-term walking training effects on PV remain unknown. METHODS: Seventeen male and 10 female subjects (~69 yr), having performed IWT for ≥24 months before the study, were used...
August 31, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858032/group-enrollment-and-open-gym-format-decreases-cardiac-rehabilitation-wait-times
#9
Justin M Bachmann, Zachary W Klint, Allison M Jagoda, Jeremy K McNatt, Lesa R Abney, Shi Huang, David G Liddle, Walter R Frontera, Matthew S Freiberg
PURPOSE: Wait times for the first cardiac rehabilitation (CR) session are inversely related to CR participation rates. We hypothesized that changing from individually scheduled appointments to a group enrollment and open gym format, in which patients were enrolled during group intake sessions and could arrive for subsequent CR sessions any time during open gym periods, would decrease wait times. METHODS: A total of 603 patients enrolled in CR at Vanderbilt University Medical Center from July 2012 to December 2014 were included in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853020/illicit-drug-use-among-gym-goers-a-cross-sectional-study-of-gym-goers-in-sweden
#10
Yasmina Molero, Ann-Sofie Bakshi, Johanna Gripenberg
BACKGROUND: The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids has increased among gym-goers, and it has been proposed that this may be part of a polysubstance use pattern that includes the use of illicit drugs. Still, epidemiological data on illicit drug use among gym-goers of both genders are meager. The aim of the present study was thus to examine the use of illicit drugs and its correlates in a large sample of men and women who engaged in weight training at gyms across Sweden. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1969 gym-goers who engaged in weight training in 54 gyms across Sweden were invited to fill in a questionnaire...
August 29, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837513/prospective-study-of-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-school-children-of-south-america
#11
Miguel Saps, Carlo A Velasco-Benitez, Puck J J Bloom, Marc A Benninga, Diana X Nichols-Vinueza
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of abdominal pain (AP) in school-children in Pasto (Colombia) and determine the impact of AP on their daily activities; and compare the prevalence of AP and other gastrointestinal symptoms between school-children from Pasto and Chicago. METHODS: Fourth and fifth-grade students from a public school and a private school in Colombia were invited to participate in a prospective study using the same methods and questionnaires (Spanish version) as a previous study conducted in Chicago schools...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826371/-if-it-s-not-iron-it-s-iron-f-cking-biggest-ironman-personal-trainers-s-views-on-health-norms-orthorexia-and-deviant-behaviours
#12
Linn Håman, Eva-Carin Lindgren, Hillevi Prell
Orthorexia nervosa (ON) describes a pathological obsession with healthy eating to avoid ill health. In the Swedish context, ON is also understood in terms of unhealthy exercise. Fitness gyms are popular health-promoting places, but exercise-related problems, disordered eating and ON-like behaviour are increasing. Personal trainers (PTs) play an important role in detecting unhealthy behaviours. The aim of the present study was to illuminate PTs' understandings of healthy and unhealthy exercise and eating behaviours in relation to orthorexia nervosa in a fitness gym context...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#13
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813932/quantifying-infant-physical-interactions-using-sensorized-toys-in-a-natural-play-environment
#14
Vatsala Goyal, Wilson Torres, Roshan Rai, Frances Shofer, Daniel Bogen, Phillip Bryant, Laura Prosser, Michelle J Johnson
Infants with developmental delays must be detected early in their development to minimize the progression of motor and neurological impairments. Our objective is to quantify how sensorized toys in a natural play environment can promote infant-toy physical interactions. We created a hanging elephant toy, equipped with an inertial measurement unit (IMU), a pressure transducer, and multiple feedback sensors, to be a hand-grasping toy. We used a 3 DoF robotic model with inputs from the IMU to calculate multiple kinematic metrics and an equation to calculate haptic metrics from the pressure transducer...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810105/increased-activity-in-unstructured-versus-structured-gym-time-in-an-after-school-program
#15
Matthew A McDougall, Rachel Schaeffer, Richard Holm, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: More than 10 million American youth engage in after-school programs that provide an opportunity to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that children in unstructured gym time (free) would have greater activity than both structured gym time (structured) and when increased screen time was available. METHODS: Three interventions were compared in a nested design, with each two-week intervention preceded and followed by a two-week control period...
December 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774219/nonoperative-management-rehabilitation-and-functional-and-clinical-progression-of-osteitis-pubis-pubic-bone-stress-in-professional-soccer-players-a-case-series
#16
Stephen S McAleer, Ed Lippie, Darcy Norman, Helge Riepenhof
Study Design Case series. Background Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, twisting, and cutting are the dominant movements. There are few nonoperative rehabilitation strategies for the condition reported in the literature, and the outcome of conservative treatment has not been documented. Case Description Five professional and academy soccer players complaining of pubic symphysis pain, confirmed as PBS on magnetic resonance imaging and objective assessment, were treated with a nonoperative rehabilitation program that featured functional and clinical objective markers as progression criteria...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767469/marijuana-and-its-effects-on-athletic-performance-a-systematic-review
#17
Kien V Trinh, Dion Diep, Hannah Robson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of marijuana on athletic performance. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, and SPORTDiscus from their beginning to September 2016. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane collaboration tool for assessing risk of bias and the Cochrane GRADE scale. No meta-analyses were performed for this review. SETTING: Subjects in a track, gym, or recreational ward. PARTICIPANTS: Any primary study which included male and female adults of any athletic background between ages 18 and 65, with no other comorbid conditions...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761032/influence-of-knowledge-and-beliefs-on-consumption-of-performance-enhancing-agents-in-north-western-saudi-arabia
#18
Omar Mansour Al, Rami Azmi Elshatarat
BACKGROUND: Consumption of performance enhancing agents (PEAs) has a wide range of negative health consequences, but knowledge of these consequences among gym users of PEAs in Saudi Arabia is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: Identify the knowledge, awareness, beliefs and attitudes of gym users about negative health consequences of using PEAs, and the relationship between these factors and use of these agents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755060/prognostic-accuracy-of-sirs-criteria-qsofa-score-and-gym-score-for-30-day-mortality-in-older-non-severely-dependent-infected-patients-attended-in-the-emergency-department
#19
J González Del Castillo, A Julian-Jiménez, F González-Martínez, J Álvarez-Manzanares, P Piñera, C Navarro-Bustos, M Martinez-Ortiz de Zarate, F Llopis-Roca, M Debán Fernández, J Gamazo-Del Rio, E J García-Lamberechts, F J Martín-Sánchez
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score and GYM score to predict 30-day mortality in older non-severely dependent patients attended for an episode of infection in the emergency department (ED). We performed an analytical, observational, prospective cohort study including patients 75 years of age or older, without severe functional dependence, attended for an infectious process in 69 Spanish EDs for 2-day three-seasonal periods...
July 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728602/robot-assisted-training-for-the-upper-limb-after-stroke-ratuls-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Helen Rodgers, Lisa Shaw, Helen Bosomworth, Lydia Aird, Natasha Alvarado, Sreeman Andole, David L Cohen, Jesse Dawson, Janet Eyre, Tracy Finch, Gary A Ford, Jennifer Hislop, Steven Hogg, Denise Howel, Niall Hughes, Hermano Igo Krebs, Christopher Price, Lynn Rochester, Elaine Stamp, Laura Ternent, Duncan Turner, Luke Vale, Elizabeth Warburton, Frederike van Wijck, Scott Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Loss of arm function is a common and distressing consequence of stroke. We describe the protocol for a pragmatic, multicentre randomised controlled trial to determine whether robot-assisted training improves upper limb function following stroke. METHODS/DESIGN: Study design: a pragmatic, three-arm, multicentre randomised controlled trial, economic analysis and process evaluation. SETTING: NHS stroke services. PARTICIPANTS: adults with acute or chronic first-ever stroke (1 week to 5 years post stroke) causing moderate to severe upper limb functional limitation...
July 20, 2017: Trials
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