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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783221/hygienic-assessment-of-different-forms-of-physical-education-lessons-organization-in-primary-school
#1
Oleksandra S Kondratiuk, Maria M Korshun, Sergii I Garkavyi, Sergii S Garkavyi, Liudmyla A Stasiuk, Olena V Dema, Olga O Sokolovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Different forms of physical education lessons organization, including swimming classes were introduced in education process without studying of its healthsaving effectiveness. The aim of this study was hygienic assessment of different forms of physical education lessons organization in primary school. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766699/%C3%B0-valuation-of-health-status-of-children-attending-primary-schools-with-different-organization-of-physical-education-lessons
#3
Oleksandra S. Kondratiuk, Maria M. Korshun, Serhii I. Garkavyi, Serhii S. Garkavyi
Background: The mandatory swimming lesson in primary schools, equipped with swimming pools, was introduced without studying of its health-saving effectiveness. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the health status of pupils studying in schools with different organization of physical education lessons. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study was organized in two schools with different organization of physical education lessons...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757822/an-exploration-of-the-impact-of-the-open-gym-scheduling-model-of-cardiovascular-rehabilitation-on-completion-attendance-and-health-outcomes
#4
Matthew C Whited, Jordan M Ellis, John Taylor Freeman, Ansley T Corson, Stacey B Greenway, Andrew M Busch, Amanda L Whited, Samuel F Sears
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of implementation of the "Open Gym" (OG) scheduling model of cardiovascular rehabilitation administration on the rate of patient engagement and change in commonly measured clinical outcomes. Little data exist on the potential benefits of the OG model on patient completion, attendance, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted that included the 1-y period both before and after OG model implementation...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736645/infection-risk-in-gyms-during-physical-exercise
#5
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Marcelo Luiz Pereira, Carla Maria de Liz, Giorgio Buonanno
This study aimed to analyze the risk of infection (influenza and tuberculosis) for individuals participating in physical exercise. This was achieved by assessment of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) concentrations, and examination of the physical characteristics of a number of gyms to determine whether there was a relationship to CO2 levels. This study was performed in three different gyms ventilated with either split system or central system air conditioners. The risk of airborne infection (percent of susceptible persons infected) was estimated for each gym using the Wells-Riley model...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734063/neuromechanical-adaptations-to-slippery-sport-shoes
#6
Cédric Y M Morio, Alexis Herbaut
Although shoe friction has been widely studied in occupational ergonomics, information was lacking about friction in sport shoes. The purpose of the study was to examine the neuromechanical adaptations to different shoe-surface interface in an aerobic-gym specific movement. Sixteen females performed 10 change of direction movements in two shoe conditions differing by their outsoles (ethyl-vinyl-acetate: EVA and rubber: RB) to ensure significant differences in mechanical coefficients of friction (EVA = 0...
May 4, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721213/anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-carcinogenicity-focusing-on-leydig-cell-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Monica Salerno, Orazio Cascio, Giuseppe Bertozzi, Francesco Sessa, Antonietta Messina, Vincenzo Monda, Luigi Cipolloni, Antonio Biondi, Aurora Daniele, Cristoforo Pomara
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are some of the most common drugs used among athletes, frequently in combination with resistance training, to improve physical performance or for aesthetic purpose. A great number of scientific reports showed the detrimental effects of anabolic androgenic steroids on different organs and tissues. In this literature review, we analyzed the AAS-mediated carcinogenicity, focusing on Leydig cell tumor. AAS-induced carcinogenicity can affect DNA transcription through two pathways...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696812/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-in-older-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Elvira Lange, Daniel Kucharski, Sara Svedlund, Karin Svensson, Gunhild Bertholds, Inger Gjertsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a person-centered, moderate-to-high intensity, aerobic and resistance exercise protocol on older adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), through a randomized controlled multi-center trial. METHODS: Older adults (65-75 years) with RA (n=74) were randomized to either a 20-week person-centered exercise intervention at a gym (n=36) or to home-based exercise of light intensity (n=38). Assessments were performed at baseline, at 20 weeks, and at 12 months...
April 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687691/side-effects-of-anabolic-steroids-used-by-athletes-at-unaizah-gyms-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#9
Amer A Almaiman, Sulaiman H Almaiman, Elsayed I Elagamy, Osama Al Wutayd, Mohammed Almarzuqi, Rayyan Alzunaidi, Sami Alhatlani, Eltayeb E Eid
BACKGROUND: A large number of Saudi athletes are recently shown to use androgenic anabolic steroid (AAS) products to achieve rapid muscle growth without realizing the serious health risks of these drugs. Aim of this study was to elucidate the side effects encountered with prolonged use of AAS products by Saudi athletes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which 16 regular gym members, 12 of them used AAS, were asked to answer a questionnaire and provide blood samples following current AAS course completion...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682240/extending-the-range-of-differential-diagnosis-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-of-the-boxer-insights-from-a-case-report
#10
Leonardo Caixeta, Iron Dangoni, Rafael Dias de Sousa, Pedro Paulo Dias Soares, Andreia Costa Rabelo Mendonça
Sports activities associated with repetitive cranial trauma have become a fad and are popular in gyms and even among children. It is important to consistently characterize the consequences of such sports activities in order to better advise society on the real risks to the central nervous system. We present the case of a former boxer reporting cognitive and behavioral symptoms that began six years after his retirement as a boxer, evolving progressively with parkinsonian and cerebellar features suggestive of probable chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680796/cluster-of-exertional-rhabdomyolysis-in-three-young-women
#11
Fiona Mitchell, Hazel J Henderson, Faith Gardner
Three young women, aged 18-24 years, presented to general practice with signs and symptoms of exertional rhabdomyolysis in 2016. All attended the same gym and had undertaken an intensive physical workout. Presenting symptoms were severe muscle pain and swelling, significantly reduced range of motion in affected muscles and, in two cases, dark-coloured urine. One case had presented to the out-of-hours service 4 months previously with similar symptoms but rhabdomyolysis was not considered, although retrospective history taking suggests that was the likely diagnosis...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672181/pilates-physical-activity-and-diet-survey-an-italian-self-administered-questionnaire-evaluating-diet-habits-of-gym-goers-validation-process
#12
Vincenza Gianfredi, Daniele Nucci, Francesco Ceccarelli, Milena Villarini, Massimo Moretti
PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670477/prevalence-attitude-knowledge-and-practice-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-aas-use-among-gym-participants
#13
Sami D Althobiti, Nassar M Alqurashi, Abdulmajeed S Alotaibi, Turki F Alharthi, Khaled A Alswat
Background: Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic testosterone derivatives that last longer than physiological androgens in the body. Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is spreading among athletes. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of gym participants in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among gym users from February 2017 to May 2017. The questionnaire included information on demographics related to the use of AAS and lifestyle habits...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667459/asthma-management-in-new-york-city-schools-a-physical-education-teacher-perspective
#14
Qi Ying Li McClelland, Maria Ivanna Avalos, Marina Reznik
OBJECTIVE: Physical education (PE) teachers may be the first to assist students with asthma attacks during PE class. This study explores the PE teachers' perspectives on in-school asthma management and barriers to physical activity (PA) in children with asthma attending urban elementary schools. METHODS: We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 16 PE teachers from 10 Bronx, NY elementary schools. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and independently coded...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660484/evaluation-of-respiratory-parameters-in-finswimmers-regarding-gender-swimming-style-and-distance
#15
V Stavrou, G Vavougios, E Karetsi, G Adam, Z Daniil, K I Gourgoulianis
AIM: The purpose of our study was to investigate the differences in the finswimmers' physiological characteristics, as far as gender, the swimming style and the different swimming distance are concerned. METHODS: 52 finswimmers participated in our study (Age: 17.4 ± 2.1yrs, BMI: 21.8 ± 2.3, body fat: 12.2 ± 4.7%) and were allocated into groups [Gender: Female vs. Male, swimming style: Bifin vs. Surface, and swimming distance: <200 m vs. ≥200 m]...
April 13, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657734/treatment-of-a-patient-with-acute-aortic-dissection-using-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-after-an-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-case-report
#16
Takahiro Yukawa, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Kazuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tanabe, Susumu Ishikawa, Yuichi Hamabe
Case: Circulatory support using veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for aortic disease is conventionally contraindicated. In this case, a 66-year-old man experienced cardiopulmonary arrest caused by acute aortic dissection. When exercising in the gym, he experienced chest discomfort, so the staff immediately called an ambulance. While in the ambulance, he experienced cardiopulmonary arrest. His initial electrocardiogram showed ventricular fibrillation. At the emergency department, we immediately performed extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626659/modeling-based-optimization-approaches-for-the-development-of-anti-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-activity-using-streptomyces-sp-tn71
#17
Slim Smaoui, Karim Ennouri, Ahlem Chakchouk-Mtibaa, Imen Sellem, Kameleddine Bouchaala, Ines Karray-Rebai, Rayda Ben Ayed, Florence Mathieu, Lotfi Mellouli
A new aerobic bacterium TN71 was isolated from Tunisian Saharan soil and has been selected for its antimicrobial activity against phytopathogenic bacteria. Based on cellular morphology, physiological characterization and phylogenetic analysis, this isolate has been assigned as Streptomyces sp. TN71 strain. In an attempt to increase its anti-Agrobacterium tumefaciens activity, GYM + S (glucose, yeast extract, malt extract and starch) medium was selected out of five different production media and the medium composition was optimized...
April 4, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621580/use-of-nutritional-supplements-contaminated-with-banned-doping-substances-by-recreational-adolescent-athletes-in-athens-greece
#18
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Petros Papalexis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Dimitrios Kouretas, Flora Bacopoulou, Christina Tsitsimpikou
Although the use of nutritional supplements by adult athletes has been extensively studied, information on supplements consumption by adolescent athletes is still limited. The present study reports on the use of nutritional supplements contaminated with banned doping substances among 170 recreational adolescent athletes from eleven, randomly selected, gym centres, in Athens, Greece. Nutritional supplements consumption was reported by almost 60% of the study population, with proteins/amino acids and vitamins being the most popular...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609858/undetectable-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-acute-malaria
#19
Ana Rakovac Tisdall, Vivion Edward Francis Crowley, Martin Andrew Crook
We report the case of a 39-year-old West African man in whom high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was identified as undetectable at <0.08 mmol/L. Total cholesterol in the same sample was 2.85 mmol/L; triglycerides were only mildly elevated at 2.32 mmol/L. He was admitted with a 2-week history of polydipsia, polyuria, weight loss and hyperpyrexia. Dual malarial infection with Plasmodium ovale and falciparum was identified and attributed to a recent trip to Nigeria without chemoprophylaxis. Also, he was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus with random hyperglycemia of 39 mmol/L but no ketonemia...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601218/treadmill-associated-head-injuries-on-the-rise-an-18-year-review-of-u-s-emergency-room-visits
#20
Joshua S Catapano, Alistair J Chapman, S Harrison Farber, Lance P Horner, Clinton Morgan, Scott Brigeman, Benjamin K Hendricks, Minggen Lu, Douglas R Fraser
OBJECTIVE: The treadmill is the most commonly used aerobic exercise equipment with studies showing many gym-related injuries are attributed to treadmills. The purpose of this study is to examine the incidence of treadmill-associated head injuries within the US. METHODS: Retrospective data from 1997 to 2014 was collected via the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, which provides annual es7timates of injuries associated with consumer products. Patients over 18 years who sustained treadmill-associated head injuries were included, and the estimated annual incidence was determined...
March 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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