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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331928/being-in-control-a-thematic-content-analysis-of-14-in-depth-interviews-with-2-4-dinitrophenol-users
#1
Neha Prasad Ainsworth, Elisabeth Julie Vargo, Andrea Petróczi
BACKGROUND: 2,4-Dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is a compound with multiple industrial purposes. Currently unlicensed for human consumption, it is used by the gym-going population for drastic, short-term body fat loss. Nonetheless, physiological mechanisms can lead to potentially fatal hyperthermia. Reported fatal incidents have caused concern and highlighted the need for intervention. Understanding decision-making leading to 2,4-DNP use alongside the perceived outgroup attitudes is vital to forming effective harm minimisation policies targeting current and potential users...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330166/impact-of-free-access-to-leisure-facilities-and-community-outreach-on-inequalities-in-physical-activity-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
James Higgerson, Emma Halliday, Aurora Ortiz-Nunez, Richard Brown, Ben Barr
BACKGROUND: There are large inequalities in levels of physical activity in the UK, and this is an important determinant of health inequalities. Little is known about the effectiveness of community-wide interventions to increase physical activity and whether effects differ by socioeconomic group. METHODS: We conducted interrupted time series and difference-in-differences analyses using local administrative data and a large national survey to investigate the impact of an intervention providing universal free access to leisure facilities alongside outreach and marketing activities in a deprived local authority area in the northwest of England...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330081/optimization-of-a-technology-supported-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-fit2thrive-study-protocol
#3
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320305/social-physique-anxiety-and-physical-activity-behaviour-of-male-and-female-exercisers
#4
Robert M Portman, Jane Bradbury, Kiara Lewis
Despite females consistently reporting greater social physique anxiety (SPA), previous literature has yet to demonstrate whether SPA gender differences are linked to the way males and females perform physical activity. This study investigated an association between SPA and physical activity frequency, history of exercise, and physical activity intensity. Participants were represented by currently active users (N = 33 males; N = 31 females) of an on-campus university-run gym and completed a background physical activity questionnaire and the nine-item Social Physique Anxiety Scale...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318170/injury-incidence-and-patterns-among-dutch-crossfit-athletes
#5
Mirwais Mehrab, Robert-Jan de Vos, Gerald A Kraan, Nina M C Mathijssen
Background: CrossFit is a strength and conditioning program that has gained widespread recognition, with 11,000 affiliated gyms worldwide. The incidence of injuries during CrossFit training is poorly analyzed. Purpose: To investigate the incidence of injuries for persons participating in CrossFit. Risk factors for injury and injury mechanisms were also explored through athlete demographics and characteristics. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289580/gym-based-exercise-was-more-costly-compared-with-home-based-exercise-with-telephone-support-when-used-as-maintenance-programs-for-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-randomised-trial
#6
Paul Jansons, Lauren Robins, Lisa O'Brien, Terry Haines
QUESTION: What is the comparative cost-effectiveness of a gym-based maintenance exercise program versus a home-based maintenance program with telephone support for adults with chronic health conditions who have previously completed a short-term, supervised group exercise program? DESIGN: A randomised, controlled trial with blinded outcome assessment at baseline and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. The economic evaluation took the form of a trial-based, comparative, incremental cost-utility analysis undertaken from a societal perspective with a 12-month time horizon...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284353/-going-to-the-gym-is-not-congolese-s-culture-examining-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-and-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-among-congolese-immigrants
#7
Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Kelechi D Ibe-Lamberts, Guy-Lucien S Whembolua, Abi Fapohunda, Eugene S Tull
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions and attitudes around physical activity among immigrants from the Democratic Republic of Congo and examine the influence of Congolese cultural beliefs on physical activity practice. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted and augmented by photo-elicitation among 20 Congolese immigrants, distributed equally by gender, aged 35 years or older. The PEN-3 model was used as the cultural conceptual framework. Results Using both the Relationships and Expectations dimension (Perceptions, Enablers, and Nurturers) and Cultural Empowerment dimension (Positive, Existential, and Negative) of the PEN-3 model, emergent themes were categorized around knowing the benefits of being physically active (perceptions), doctor encouragement to be more physically active (enablers), and the habit and local tradition of consuming beer after a soccer match (nurturers)...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261757/examining-public-knowledge-and-preferences-for-adult-preventive-services-coverage
#8
Jessica A R Williams, Selena E Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: To examine (1) what individuals know about the existing adult preventive service coverage provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), and (2) which preventive services individuals think should be covered without cost sharing. METHODS: An online panel from Survey Monkey was used to obtain a sample of 2,990 adults age 18 and older in March 2015, analyzed 2015-2017. A 17-item survey instrument was designed and used to evaluate respondents' knowledge of the adult preventive services provision of the ACA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234664/perceptions-of-important-characteristics-of-physical-activity-facilities-implications-for-engagement-in-walking-moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity
#9
Katie M Heinrich, Christopher K Haddock, Natinee Jitnarin, Joseph Hughey, LaVerne A Berkel, Walker S C Poston
Background: Although few United States adults meet physical activity recommendations, those that do are more likely to access to physical activity facilities. Additionally, vigorous exercisers may be more likely to utilize a nearby physical activity facility, while light-to-moderate exercisers are less likely to do so. However, it is unclear what characteristics of those facilities are most important as well as how those characteristics are related to activity intensity. Purpose: This study examined relationships between self-reported leisure-time physical activities and the use of and perceived characteristics of physical activity facilities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233089/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-from-flower-buds-of-dioecious-gynomonoecious-and-chemically-masculinized-female-coccinia-grandis-reveals-genes-associated-with-sex-expression-and-modification
#10
Ravi Suresh Devani, Sangram Sinha, Jayeeta Banerjee, Rabindra Kumar Sinha, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Anjan Kumar Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Coccinia grandis (ivy gourd), is a dioecious member of Cucurbitaceae having heteromorphic sex chromosomes. Chromosome constitution of male and female plants of C. grandis is 22A + XY and 22A + XX respectively. Earlier we showed that a unique gynomonoecious form of C. grandis (22A + XX) also exists in nature bearing morphologically hermaphrodite flowers (GyM-H). Additionally, application of silver nitrate (AgNO3) on female plants induces stamen development leading to the formation of morphologically hermaphrodite flowers (Ag-H) despite the absence of Y-chromosome...
December 12, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212765/changes-in-the-fluid-volume-balance-between-intra-and-extracellular-water-in-a-sample-of-japanese-adults-aged-15-88-years-old-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yasushi Ohashi, Nobuhiko Joki, Keisuke Yamazaki, Takeshi Kawamura, Reibin Tai, Hideyo Oguchi, Rena Yuasa, Ken Sakai
The fluid volume balance between intracellular water (ICW) and extracellular water (ECW) gradually changes with age and various medical conditions. Comprehension of these physiological changes would aid in clinical decision-making related to body fluid assessments. A total of 1,992 individuals (753 men and 1,239 women) aged ≥15 years included in this study had their body composition measurements performed at training gyms in 2014. We developed a regression formula to assess the association of age with the ratio of ECW to ICW in these subjects...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199551/royal-sun-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-agaricomycetes-supplement-in-training-capacity-improvement-parameters
#12
Flávio F Silva, Guilherme A C de Oliveira, Hugo C Martins Costa, Wiliam C B Regis
People seek a greater quality of life and healthy aging that culminates in improved self-esteem and vitality in the performance of daily activities; this is generating a growing number of people enrolled in gyms in search of quick results. However, this training can result in physical and metabolic damage. During physical exercise, under conditions of oxidative stress, changes take place that lead to the onset of fatigue. The Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom is native to Brazil and has therapeutic potential, with widely studied antioxidant and immunomodulatory capabilities...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197530/the-neighborhood-environment-and-obesity-understanding-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#13
Michelle S Wong, Kitty S Chan, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Roland J Thorpe, Sara N Bleich
Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with obesity, but less is known whether relationships vary by race/ethnicity. This study examined the relationship between soda consumption - a behavior strongly associated with obesity - and weight status with neighborhood sociodemographic, social, and built environments by race/ethnicity. We merged data on adults from the 2011-2013 California Health Interview Survey, U.S. Census data, and InfoUSA (n=62,396). Dependent variables were soda consumption and weight status outcomes (body mass index and obesity status)...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189580/comparison-of-body-composition-variables-across-a-large-sample-of-ncaa-women-athletes-from-six-competitive-sports
#14
Jennifer B Fields, Casey J Metoyer, Jason C Casey, Michael R Esco, Andrew R Jagim, Margaret T Jones
Body composition (BC) plays a critical role in sport performance and athlete health. Body size and BC have been widely studied in men's sports, with reported changes observed over time. However, a paucity of current data exists in women athletes. The purpose of the current descriptive study was to measure and compare BC data for collegiate women athletes from six competitive sports. A total of 524 athletes from two NCAA institutions participated: basketball (BB; n = 95), gymnastics (GYM; n = 42), lacrosse (LAX; n = 81), rowing (ROW; n = 57), soccer (SOC; n = 188), and volleyball (VB; n = 61)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166771/the-effects-of-yoga-on-stress-and-psychological-health-among-employees-an-8-and-16-week-intervention-study
#15
Rachel E Maddux, Daiva Daukantaité, Una Tellhed
BACKGROUND: The stresses of modern work life necessitate effective coping strategies that are accessible and affordable to the general public. Yoga has been found to reduce stress in clinical samples, but studies are needed to examine standard gym yoga classes among functional individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of 8- and 16-week gym yoga on stress and psychological health. DESIGN AND METHOD: Ninety individuals reporting moderate-to-high stress were randomly assigned to 16 consecutive weeks of yoga, or to a waitlist crossover group who did not practice yoga for 8 weeks then practiced yoga for 8 weeks...
November 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162468/an-assessment-of-rehabilitation-infrastructure-in-peru
#16
Amy K Fuhs, Lacey N LaGrone, Miguel G Moscoso Porras, Manuel J A Rodríguez Castro, Rosa Lizbeth Ecos Quispe, Charles N Mock
OBJECTIVE: To assess rehabilitation infrastructure in Peru in terms of WHO Health System Building Blocks. DESIGN: Anonymous quantitative survey. Questions were based on WHO Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care and rehabilitation professionals' input. SETTING: Nine large public hospitals and referral centers in Lima and an online survey platform. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of hospital personnel working in rehabilitation and neurology, recruited through existing contacts and professional societies...
November 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#17
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142011/effect-of-distinct-lifestyle-interventions-on-mobilization-of-fat-storage-pools-the-central-mri-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127850/-it-s-gym-like-g-y-m-not-j-i-m-exploring-the-role-of-place-in-the-gendering-of-physical-activity
#20
Stephanie E Coen, Mark W Rosenberg, Joyce Davidson
Physical activity is a highly gendered health behaviour, with women less likely than men to meet internationally accepted physical activity guidelines. In this article, we take up recent arguments on the potential of indoor spaces to illuminate processes shaping health, together with social theories of gender, to conceptualize the place of the gym as a window into understanding and intervening in wider gender disparities in physical activity. Using a triangulated strategy of qualitative methods, including semi-structured interviews, drawing, and journaling with men and women in a mid-sized Canadian city, we examine how gender influences exercise practices and mobilities in gym environments...
November 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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