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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938103/let-s-talk-about-sex-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-experiences-of-hiv-nurses-when-discussing-sexual-risk-behaviours-with-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
S de Munnik, C den Daas, H S M Ammerlaan, G Kok, M S Raethke, S C J M Vervoort
BACKGROUND: Despite prevention efforts, the incidence of sexually transmitted infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men remains high, which is indicative of unchanged sexual risk behaviour. Discussing sexual risk behaviour has been shown to help prevent sexually transmitted infections among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify factors that influence whether - and how - specialised HIV nurses discuss sexual risk behaviour with HIV-positive men who have sex with men...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937795/using-mystery-patient-drills-to-assess-hospital-ebola-preparedness-in-new-york-city-2014-2015
#2
Mary Foote, Roshni Daver, Celia Quinn
In response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa, rapid measures were taken to ensure readiness at frontline New York City (NYC) healthcare facilities, including mandating monthly EVD mystery patient drills to test screening protocols. This study analyzed after-action reports to describe the use of mystery patient drills to test rapid identification and isolation of potential EVD cases in NYC emergency departments. NYC hospitals were required to develop protocols for EVD screening and isolation, and to conduct drills with an actor presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of EVD...
September 22, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936682/early-versus-delayed-source-control-in-open-abdomen-management-for-severe-intra-abdominal-infections-a-retrospective-analysis-on-111-cases
#3
Stefano Rausei, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Laura Ruspi, Antonio Colella, Simone Giudici, Vincenzo Ardita, Francesco Frattini, Francesca Rovera, Luigi Boni, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
BACKGROUND: Time to source control plays a determinant prognostic role in patients having severe intra-abdominal infections (IAIs). Open abdomen (OA) management became an effective treatment option for peritonitis. Aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between time to source control and outcome in patients presenting with abdominal sepsis and treated by OA. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 111 patients affected by abdominal sepsis and treated with OA from May 2007 to May 2015...
September 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934991/the-dengue-preface-to-endemic-in-mainland-china-the-historical-largest-outbreak-by-aedes-albopictus-in-guangzhou-2014
#4
Lei Luo, Li-Yun Jiang, Xin-Cai Xiao, Biao Di, Qin-Long Jing, Sheng-Yong Wang, Jin-Ling Tang, Ming Wang, Xiao-Ping Tang, Zhi-Cong Yang
BACKGROUND: Dengue was regarded as a mild epidemic in mainland China transmitted by Aedes albopictus. However, the 2014 record-breaking outbreak in Guangzhou could change the situation. In order to provide an early warning of epidemic trends and provide evidence for prevention and control strategies, we seek to characterize the 2014 outbreak through application of detailed cases and entomological data, as well as phylogenetic analysis of viral envelope (E) gene. METHODS: We used case survey data identified through the Notifiable Infectious Disease Report System, entomological surveillance and population serosurvey, along with laboratory testing for IgM/IgG, NS1, and isolation of viral samples followed by E gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis to examine the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of the outbreak...
September 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934938/shifting-trends-in-bacteriology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-gastrointestinal-fistula-patients-in-china-an-eight-year-review-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
Qinjie Liu, Jianan Ren, Xiuwen Wu, Gefei Wang, Zhiwei Wang, Jie Wu, Jinjian Huang, Tianyu Lu, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the shifting trends in bacteriology and antimicrobial resistance of infectious specimens isolated from gastrointestinal (GI) fistula patients over eight years in China. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the microbial records of intra-abdominal specimens at a teaching hospital from 2008 to 2015. Study period was divided into the first half (2008-2011) and the second half (2012-2015). All isolates underwent antibiotic susceptibility testing by the micro dilution method...
September 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934425/human-bocavirus-capsid-messenger-rna-detection-in-children-with-pneumonia
#6
Robert Schlaberg, Krow Ampofo, Keith D Tardif, Chris Stockmann, Keith E Simmon, Weston Hymas, Steven Flygare, Brett Kennedy, Anne Blaschke, Karen Eilbeck, Mark Yandell, Jon A McCullers, Derek J Williams, Kathryn Edwards, Sandra R Arnold, Anna Bramley, Seema Jain, Andrew T Pavia
Background: The role of human bocavirus (HBoV) in respiratory illness is uncertain. HBoV genomic DNA is frequently detected in both ill and healthy children. We hypothesized that spliced viral capsid messenger RNA (mRNA) produced during active replication might be a better marker for acute infection. Methods: As part of the Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community (EPIC) study, children aged <18 years who were hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and children asymptomatic at the time of elective outpatient surgery (controls) were enrolled...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934198/-koko-et-les-lunettes-magiques-an-educational-entertainment-tool-to-prevent-parasitic-worms-and-diarrheal-diseases-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Clémence Essé, Véronique A Koffi, Abel Kouamé, Kouassi Dongo, Richard B Yapi, Honorine M Moro, Christiane A Kouakou, Marta S Palmeirim, Bassirou Bonfoh, Eliézer K N'Goran, Jürg Utzinger, Giovanna Raso
BACKGROUND: Integrated control programs, emphasizing preventive chemotherapy along with health education, can reduce the incidence of soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The aim of this study was to develop an educational animated cartoon to improve school children's awareness regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis, diarrheal diseases, and related hygiene practices in Côte d'Ivoire. The key messages included in the cartoon were identified through prior formative research to specifically address local knowledge gaps...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933699/pyoderma-gangrenosum-an-uncommon-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
António Carlos Lemos, Debora Aveiro, Natália Santos, Vítor Marques, Luís Filipe Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare ulcerative condition that is diagnostically and therapeutically challenging, as debridement leads to ulcer deterioration (pathergy phenomenon); immunosuppression is considered the gold standard therapy. CASE REPORT: The authors present the case of a 42-year-old woman with PG and uncontrolled iatrogenic diabetes, secondary to a total pancreatectomy performed in another hospital in 1998 due to nesidioblastosis. In 2008, she was referred to the diabetic foot consultation at Centro Hospitalar Tondela-Viseu (Viseu, Portugal) due to an infected wound on the left leg thought to be related to a trauma from footwear, but the injury worsened despite treatment...
September 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933357/risk-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-among-people-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-accra-ghana
#9
Eric S Donkor, Jonathan A Osei, Isaac Anim-Baidoo, Samuel Darkwah
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is benign except in certain medical conditions such as pregnancy and immunosuppression. In Ghana, there are hardly any studies on urinary infections among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, and the few studies carried out in Africa focused on pediatric SCD populations. The current study aimed to investigate the risk of ASB among SCD patients at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. This was a cross-sectional study involving 110 SCD patients and 110 age and sex matched healthy controls...
February 15, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932714/evaluation-of-clinicians-reporting-proficiency-and-their-risk-perceptions-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#10
Nnennaya Anthony Ajayi, Chiedozie Kingsley Ojide, Immanuel Anthony Ajayi, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja
INTRODUCTION: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a highly contagious infection with a high case fatality rate. Thus, there is a crucial need for early detection and reporting of any individual suspected to have EVD in order to facilitate containment strategies. The aim of our study was to evaluate clinicians' reporting proficiency and their risk perceptions of EVD in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. METHODS: We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among clinicians...
September 2017: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931394/the-efficacy-of-initial-ventilation-strategy-for-adult-immunocompromised-patients-with-severe-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial-venim
#11
Tao Wang, Gang Liu, Kun He, Xin Lu, Xianquan Liang, Meng Wang, Rong Zhu, Zongru Li, Feng Chen, Jun Ke, Qingming Lin, Chuanyun Qian, Bo Li, Jie Wei, Jingjun Lv, Li Li, Yanxia Gao, Guofeng Wu, Xiaohong Yu, Weiqin Wei, Ying Deng, Fengping Wang, Hong Zhang, Yun Zheng, Hong Zhan, Jinli Liao, Yingping Tian, Dongqi Yao, Jingsong Zhang, Xufeng Chen, Lishan Yang, Jiali Wu, Yanfen Chai, Songtao Shou, Muming Yu, Xudong Xiang, Dongshan Zhang, Fengying Chen, Xiufeng Xie, Yong Li, Bo Wang, Wenzhong Zhang, Yongli Miao, Michael Eddleston, Jianqiang He, Yong Ma, Shengyong Xu, Yi Li, Huadong Zhu, Xuezhong Yu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is still one of the most severe complications in immunocompromised patients. Our previous systematic review showed noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) reduced mortality, length of hospitalization and ICU stay in AIDS/hematological malignancy patients with relatively less severe ARF, compared to invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). However, this systematic review was based on 13 observational studies and the quality of evidence was low to moderate...
September 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930850/evaluation-of-acute-normovolemic-hemodilution-in-patients-undergoing-intracranial-meningioma-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#12
Lei Yang, Hui-Hui Wang, Fu-Sheng Wei, Long-Xian Ma
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) for patients undergoing intracranial meningioma resection.Eighty patients (aged 48-65 years) with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II undergoing intracranial meningioma resection were included in this prospective observational study. The patients were randomly divided into group A (ANH group), which underwent a combination of ANH and intraoperative cell salvage (ICS), and group B (control group), which underwent ICS alone...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929966/-a-case-with-scalp-pruritus-caused-by-dermanysus-gallinae-order-mesostigmata
#13
Mustafa Şengül, Nida Kaçar, Mehmet Karaca, Sedef Zeliha Öner, Çağrı Ergin
Dermanyssus gallinae is one of the important hematophagous ectoparasite species of poultry like chicken, pigeon and wild bird species. These ectoparasites in the form of nymphs or adults who can not find their hosts are also seen in mammals and even in humans. For this reason, they are considered as important for public health. The ectoparasite causes a clinical condition named gamasoidosis among pet owners and people who live or work close to animal shelters, barns and chicken farms. Pruritus dermatitis is also caused by D...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929931/changes-over-time-in-the-risk-of-hospitalization-for-physical-diseases-among-homeless-men-and-women-in-stockholm-a-comparison-of-two-cohorts
#14
Ulla Beijer, Daniel Bruce, Bo Burström
AIMS: To follow-up hospitalization for physical diseases among homeless men and women compared with a control group from the general population. The study also investigated the changes in the difference between the homeless men and women and the general population over time by comparing two cohorts of homeless people (2000-2002 and 1996). METHODS: A total of 3887 people (24% women) who were homeless during the period 2000-2002 were compared with 11,661 people from the general population with respect to hospitalization for physical diseases and injuries (2000-2010)...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929698/-randomized-controlled-study-sophora-flavescens-gel-in-treatment-of-cervical-hpv-infection
#15
Hong-da Zhao, Xiao-Ling Feng, Yan Zhao, Na Li
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Sophora flavescens gel in treatment of cervical HPV infection. 120 patients with cervical HPV infections were selected from department of gynecology, the first affiliated hospital, Heilongjiang university of Chinese medicine. They were randomly divided into three groups: test group(S. flavescens gel, 40 cases), control group(human recombinant interferon α-2b gel, 40 cases) and combined application group(combination of the above two, 40 cases). The treatment course was three months in all three groups...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929074/role-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-complications-of-tonsillectomy-in-pediatric-patients
#16
Ziya Salturk, Tolgar Lutfi Kumral, Ahmet Arslanoglu, Imran Aydogdu, Guven Yildirim, Guler Berkiten, Yavuz Uyar
Tonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy are among the most common surgical procedures in otolaryngology practice. Gastroesophageal reflux was identified as a risk factor for complications in tonsillectomy. This prospective study was designed to assess the role of reflux in the development of complications following tonsillectomy in pediatric patients. Children (n = 60) who underwent tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy were divided into two groups, i.e., the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and control group...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929047/determining-frequency-of-genes-of-ctx-m-and-ctx-m-15-of-producing-enterobacteriaceae-of-isolated-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-from-clinical-samples-of-patients-referred-to-training-hospitals-of-medical-sciences-university-khorramabad-iran
#17
Seyed Mojtaba Mosavian, Azam Rezvani-Rad
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of conducting this research was evaluation of the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in separated Enterobacteriaceae isolates from clinical samples in Khorramabad city and determination of their antimicrobial resistance pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 240 isolates belonging to Enterobacteriaceae family were collected in time duration between March and June in 2014. The isolates were identified by standard biochemical tests...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928855/association-between-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-and-hepatitis-b-viral-infection-a-case-control-study
#18
Kefeng Wang, Hang Yang, Wenjun He, Yi Xia, Zhongjun Xia, Su Li, Huiqiang Huang, Zhiming Li, Panpan Liu, Wenqi Jiang
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is a rare subtype of lymphoma that is often associated with poor clinical prognosis. Several studies have shown that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may be associated with increased risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma; however, because of the rarity of ENKTL, little is known about its association with HBV. Our study aimed to assess whether HBV infection was associated with increased odds of ENKTL. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study including 417 ENKTL cases and 488 age- and sex-matched subjects with nonmalignant diseases unrelated to HBV infection...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926523/familial-mediterranean-fever-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-after-kidney-transplantation-a-19-years-single-center-experience
#19
Hefziba Green, Shelly Lichtenberg, Ruth Rahamimov, Avi Livneh, Avry Chagnac, Eytan Mor, Benaya Rozen-Zvi
BACKGROUND: Current data regarding the outcome of kidney transplantation in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) who reach end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to reactive amyloidosis A (AA) are scarce and inconclusive. METHODS: The outcomes of 20 patients with FMF and biopsy-proven AA amyloidosis that were transplanted between 1995 and 2014 were compared with 82 control patients (32 with diabetes mellitus and 50 with nondiabetic kidney disease). Major outcome data included overall patient and graft survivals...
October 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923621/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-related-urinary-tract-infection-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-risk-factors-treatment-and-long-term-outcome
#20
S Brakemeier, S I Taxeidi, B Zukunft, D Schmidt, J Gaedeke, M Dürr, S Hansen, K Budde
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) has risen in kidney transplant (KT) patients, with no long-term data so far on graft function or survival. METHODS: KT patients with ESBL-E-positive urine culture were retrospectively analyzed regarding initial adequate antimicrobial therapy, recurrent infection, transplant function, and survival compared with an ESBL-E-negative KT control cohort. RESULTS: ESBL-E-positive KT patients (n = 93) were older (55...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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