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Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Bernard Belhassen, Aharon Glick, Haim Shmilovich, Galit Aviram, Raphael Rosso, Yoav Michowitz
INTRODUCTION: A new imaging software (CARTO® Segmentation Module, Biosense Webster) allows pre-procedural 3-D reconstruction of all heart chambers based on cardiac CT. We describe our initial experience with the new module during ablation of ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen consecutive patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias or ischemic ventricular tachycardia (VT) were studied. In the latter group, a combined endocardial and epicardial ablation was performed...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Jibin Song, Peng Huang, Xiaoyuan Chen
Gold nanovesicles contain multiple nanocrystals within a polymeric coating. The strong plasmonic coupling between adjacent nanoparticles in their vesicular shell makes ultrasensitive biosensing and bioimaging possible. In our laboratory, multifunctional plasmonic vesicles are assembled from amphiphilic gold nanocrystals (such as gold nanoparticles and gold nanorods) coated with mixed hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymer brushes or amphiphilic diblock co-polymer brushes. To fulfill the different requirements of biomedical applications, different polymers that are either pH=responsive, photoactive or biodegradable can be used to form the hydrophobic brush, while the hydrophilicity is maintained by polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
Dingqiang Lu, Fuping Lu, Guangchang Pang
In the current study, a novel double-layer gold nanoparticles-electrochemical immunosensor electrode immobilized with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) antibody derived from Balb/c mice was developed. To increase the fixed quantity of antibodies and electrochemical signals, an electrochemical biosensing signal amplification system was utilized with gold nanoparticles-thionine-chitosan absorbing horseradish peroxidase (HRP). In addition, a transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to characterize the nanogold solution...
October 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fan Zhang, Yue Sun, Demei Tian, Weon Sup Shin, Jong Seung Kim, Haibing Li
Host-guest recognition plays an important role in biological analysis and biosensing. Accordingly, great efforts have been devoted to the development of sensors using versatile 3D surface materials. These functionalized nanomaterials possess the advantages of high selectivity and visual signals, enabling the selective detection of ions, amino acids, proteins, and other biological molecules. Therefore, in this feature article, we present some significant and representative examples of molecular recognition on calixarene functionalized 3D surface nanomaterials...
October 20, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Carla M Zammit, Florian Weiland, Joël Brugger, Benjamin Wade, Lyron Juan Winderbaum, Dietrich H Nies, Gordon Southam, Peter Hoffmann, Frank Reith
The metal-resistant β-proteobacterium Cupriavidus metallidurans drives gold (Au) biomineralisation and the (trans)formation of Au nuggets largely via unknown biochemical processes, ultimately leading to the reductive precipitation of mobile, toxic Au(i/iii)-complexes. In this study proteomic responses of C. metallidurans CH34 to mobile, toxic Au(iii)-chloride are investigated. Cells were grown in the presence of 10 and 50 μM Au(iii)-chloride, 50 μM Cu(ii)-chloride and without additional metals. Differentially expressed proteins were detected by difference gel electrophoresis and identified by liquid chromatography coupled mass spectrometry...
October 19, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Jatish Kumar, K George Thomas, Luis M Liz-Marzán
The field of chirality has recently seen a rejuvenation due to the observation of chirality in inorganic nanomaterials. The advancements in understanding the origin of nanoscale chirality and the potential applications of chiroptical nanomaterials in the areas of optics, catalysis and biosensing, among others, have opened up new avenues toward new concepts and design of novel materials. In this article, we review the concept of nanoscale chirality in metal nanoclusters and semiconductor quantum dots, then focus on recent experimental and theoretical advances in chiral metal nanoparticles and plasmonic chirality...
October 18, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Dongqing Kong, Sai Bi, Zonghua Wang, Jianfei Xia, Feifei Zhang
In this work, an in situ growth protocol is introduced to fabricate three-dimensional graphene films (3D GFs) on gold substrates, which are successfully utilized as working electrode for electrochemical detection of nucleic acid (microRNA) and protein (lysozyme) based on a signal-on sensing mechanism. To realize the bridge between the gold substrate and graphene film, a monolayer of 4-aminothiophenol is self-assembled on the substrate, which is then served as connectors for the growth of 3D GFs on the gold substrate by the hydrothermal reduction (HR) technique...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Rong-Wei Si, Yuan Yang, Yangyang Yu, Song Han, Chun-Lian Zhang, De-Zhen Sun, Dan-Dan Zhai, Xiang Liu, Yang-Chun Yong
A whole-cell bioelectrochemical biosensing system for amperometric detection of riboflavin was developed. A "bioelectrochemical wire" (BW) consists of riboflavin and cytochrome C between S. oneidensis MR-1 and electrode was characterized. Typically, strong electrochemical response was observed when riboflavin was added to reinforce this BW. Impressively, the electrochemical response of riboflavin with this BW was over 200 times higher than that without bacteria. Uniquely, this electron rewiring process enabled the development of a biosensing system for amperometric detection of riboflavin...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
S P Flynn, S M Kelleher, J N Acorn, D Kurzbuch, S Daniels, C McDonagh, E Clancy, T J Smith, R Nooney
Herein we report the use of high brightness Cyanine5-doped silica nanoparticles (NPs) for the detection of antibodies or DNA in microarray bioassays. NP labels showed negligible non-specific binding, greater sensitivity and lower limits of detection when compared to free dye-labelled biomolecules. Moreover, the spotted microarrays used in this study required low NP and antibody concentrations to generate large data sets with improved statistical accuracy. These NPs have significant potential for use in biosensing for disease detection...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Giulio Rosati, Matteo Scaramuzza, Elisabetta Pasqualotto, Alessandro De Toni, Carlo Reggiani, Alessandro Paccagnella
In this work, we demonstrate how an innovative, out-of-cleanroom customized CD/DVD fabrication process can be successfully used for mass production of biosensors with thin-film electrodes. We show that silver and gold electrodes can be used for impedimetric and voltammetric biosensing applications, both in presence and absence of a redox mediator. We modeled the redox/non-redox electrodes impedance through equivalent electrical circuits, and we evaluated their transfer function sensitivity with a one-factor-at-a-time approach...
October 10, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Oliver Hayden
High quality binders, such as antibodies, are of critical importance for chemical sensing applications. With synthetic alternatives, such as molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), less sensor development time and higher stability of the binder can be achieved. In this feature paper, I will discuss the impact of synthetic binders from an industrial perspective and I will challenge the molecular imprinting community on the next step to leapfrog the current status quo of MIPs for (bio)sensing. Equally important, but often neglected as an effective chemical sensor, is a good match of transducer and MIP coating for a respective application...
October 10, 2016: Sensors
Paria Pashazadeh, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Maryam Hejazi, Maryam Hashemi, Miguel de la Guardia
Salmonella infectious diseases spreading every day through food have become a life-threatening problem for millions of people and growing menace to society. Health expert's estimate that the yearly cost of all the food borne diseases is approximately $5-6 billion. Traditional methodologies for salmonella analysis provide high reliability and very low limits of detection. Among them immunoassays and Nucleic acid-based assays provide results within 24h, but they are expensive, tedious and time consuming. So, there is an urgent need for development of rapid, robust and cost-effective alternative technologies for real-time monitoring of salmonella...
August 4, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Amit Kumar, Sungi Kim, Jwa-Min Nam
The localized surface plasmon resonance of metal nanopar-ticles is the collective oscillation of electrons on particle surface, and is a particle composition, morphology and cou-pling-dependent property. Plasmonic engineering deals with highly precise formation of the targeted nanostructures with targeted plasmonic properties (e.g., electromagnetic field distribution and enhancement) via controlled synthetic, assembling and atomic/molecular tuning strategies. These plasmonically engineered nanostructures (PENs) have a variety of unique and beneficial physical, chemical and bio-logical properties including optical signal enhancement, catalytic property and local temperature-tuning photother-mal property...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Wenwen Tu, Huijuan Cao, Long Zhang, Jianchun Bao, Xuhui Liu, Zhihui Dai
Using Au nanoparticles (NPs) decorated water-soluble ZnSe-COOH nanoflakes (NFs), an ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing strategy based on the dual signal amplification was proposed. As a result of the localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Au NPs, the ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum of Au NPs overlapped with emission spectra of ZnSe-COOH NFs, which generated efficient resonant energy transfer (RET) between ZnSe-COOH NFs and Au NPs. The RET improved photoelectric conversion efficiency of ZnSe-COOH NFs and significantly amplified PEC signal...
October 10, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Peng Wang, Jiang Wu, Pingru Su, Cong Xu, Yushu Ge, Dan Liu, Weisheng Liu, Yu Tang
Copper ions are known to be very important for homeostasis, which is critical for the metabolism and development of living organisms. In addition, sulfide ions, as an important endogenously produced gasotransmitter, have been proved to be implicated in a variety of physiological functions such as anti-apoptosis, vasodilation, antioxidation, and anti-inflammation. Herein, we report the development of a novel fluorescence chemosensor (L) based on a tetra-peptide conjugated with dansyl groups as a promising analytical tool for detecting Cu(2+) and S(2-) in 100% aqueous solutions, which exhibits excellent cell biotoxicity and intracellular biosensing ability...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pavel Y Apel, Valery V Bashevoy, Irina V Blonskaya, Nikolay E Lizunov, Oleg L Orelovitch, Christina Trautmann
The method of producing single track-etched conical nanopores has received considerable attention and found many applications in diverse fields such as biosensing, nanofluidics, information processing and others. The performance of an asymmetric nanopore is largely determined by its geometry, especially by the size and shape of its tip. In this paper we reconstruct the profiles of so-called conical pores fabricated by asymmetric chemical etching of ion tracks in polymer foil. Conductometric measurements during etching and field emission scanning electron microscopy examinations of the resulting pores were employed in order to determine the pore geometry...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
M Dominik, A Leśniewski, M Janczuk, J Niedziółka-Jönsson, M Hołdyński, Ł Wachnicki, M Godlewski, W J Bock, M Śmietana
This work discusses an application of titanium oxide (TiOx) thin films deposited using physical (reactive magnetron sputtering, RMS) and chemical (atomic layer deposition, ALD) vapour deposition methods as a functional coating for label-free optical biosensors. The films were applied as a coating for two types of sensors based on the localised surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of gold nanoparticles deposited on a glass plate and on a long-period grating (LPG) induced in an optical fibre. Optical and structural properties of the TiOx thin films were investigated and discussed...
September 24, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Fang Liu, Tao Bing, Dihua Shangguan, Meiping Zhao, Na Shao
Construction of facile ratiometric fluorescent probes which possess sensitive and selective sensing ability for bioactive small molecules is highly desirable and challenging. Herein, silver nanoclusters capped with denatured lysozyme (dLys-AgNCs) was synthesized and proved to be dual emissive. The facility of the dLys-AgNCs ratiometric probe was attributed to that lysozyme acted as not only stabilizing ligand but also fluorescence signal unit. In the presence of Fenton reagents, the emission of dLys-AgNCs at 640 nm was quenched by •OH while the emission at 450 was enhanced due to •OH-induced oxidation of tyrosine in ligand of lysozyme...
October 7, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Liangsheng Hu, Xiang Peng, Kaifu Huo, Rongsheng Chen, Jijiang Fu, Yong Li, Lawrence Yoon Suk Lee, Kwok-Yin Wong, Paul K Chu
Carbon-based electrodes have been widely used in electroanalysis for more than half a century but the factors governing the heterogeneous electron transfer (HET) rate are still unclear. The effects of the exposed edge plane site density, inherent resistance of the carbon electrode, and adjustable resistors on the HET kinetics of several outer- and inner-sphere redox couples including [Fe(CN)6](3-/4-), Ru(NH3)6(3+/2+), Fe(3+/2+), dopamine, ascorbic acid, and uric acid are investigated using three kinds of carbon electrodes composed of core-shell quasi-aligned nanofiber arrays (QANFAs)...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chenge Li, Marie-Aude Plamont, Isabelle Aujard, Thomas Le Saux, Ludovic Jullien, Arnaud Gautier
Fluorogenic chromophores have been used recently for fluorescence reporting and biosensing. Their ability to turn on upon specific interaction with a given target has been exploited in particular for the design of fluorogen-based reporters enabling biomolecule labeling and imaging. In this paper, we report the development and exhaustive characterization of a new family of red fluorogenic push-pull chromophores, holding great potential for the development of fluorogen-based reporters or intracellular fluorogenic markers...
October 4, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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