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Dariusz Bazaliński, Joanna Przybek-Mita, Beata Barańska, Paweł Więch
Marjolin's ulcer is a rare, aggressive skin cancer developing in scar tissue, chronic ulcers and areas affected by inflammations. Its incidence is estimated to range from 1% to 2% of all burn scars. It most frequently takes the form of squamous cell carcinoma which sometimes is diagnosed during examination of lesions developing in scars and hard-to-heal chronic wounds (pressure sores, leg ulcers). Therapeutic management of Marjolin's ulcer requires well-designed treatment plan to ensure optimal medical care and good quality of life for the patient...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
Phil Davies, Sara McCarty, Kristina Hamberg
Background Topical antimicrobials, such as silver dressings, are progressively being used alongside systemic antibiotics to provide adjunctive, antimicrobial therapy to wounds that are clinically infected or at risk of infection. To help improve wound management, dressings that use Safetac soft silicone technology in combination with a silver-impregnated foam dressing material were developed by Mölnlycke Health Care (Gothenburg, Sweden). The range comprises Mepilex Ag, Mepilex Border Ag and Mepilex Transfer Ag...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
Hyun Ho Han, Jun Gul Ko, Jong Won Rhie
Patients with pressure ulcers are generally older, have a long hospital stay and often have a variety of comorbidities. The decision to perform surgery for pressure ulcer management can be difficult because of concerns about the risk of postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between comorbid conditions and surgical outcomes in order to guide patient selection for pressure ulcer surgery. In 57 patients, data on age, defect size, operating time, hospital stay, body mass index, surgical site, mobility state, cardiac ischaemic history, diabetes, renal failure, ventilator dependency, tracheostomy state, use of haemodilution therapy and cancer were evaluated using stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis to determine the relationships between variables...
December 2017: International Wound Journal
Kenneth Robert Ripley, Mark Collier
This article provides an overview of tissue viability issues related to the care of patients with cancer who are approaching the end of life. Altered physiology as a result of various factors, including nutrition, medication and radiotherapy, is identified. The article discusses the presentation and treatment of cutaneous radiation injury, malignant wounds, pressure ulcers and Skin Changes At Life's End (SCALE), an acronym used to describe a set of clinical phenomena associated with skin changes in patients approaching the end of life, and makes recommendations for practice...
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
Ze Zhang, Soroosh Behshad, Pooja Sethi-Patel, Alejandra A Valenzuela
This article evaluates malignant transformation of lesions presenting in the periocular skin under the eye spectacle nose pad. A non-comparative retrospective chart review of clinical features and pathological findings of patients presenting with periocular malignancies in the exact vicinity where the nose pads of their eye spectacles rested was completed. The study took place in one tertiary oculoplastic referral center between 2007-2013. Ten patients were included, six of whom were male. All subjects wore eye spectacles while awake for at least 15 years, and had an evident suspicious lesion in the exact area that coincided with the resting place of the nose pad...
October 2016: Orbit
Michael H Smolensky, Ramon C Hermida, Alain Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen, Francesco Portaluppi
Biological processes are organized in time as innate rhythms defined by the period (τ), phase (peak [Φ] and trough time), amplitude (A, peak-trough difference) and mean level. The human time structure in its entirety is comprised of ultradian (τ < 20 h), circadian (20 h > τ < 28 h) and infradian (τ > 28 h) bioperiodicities. The circadian time structure (CTS) of human beings, which is more complicated than in lower animals, is orchestrated and staged by a brain central multioscillator system that includes a prominent pacemaker - the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus...
2016: Chronobiology International
Sri Sunarti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Anna Moltó, Adrien Etcheto, Désirée van der Heijde, Robert Landewé, Filip van den Bosch, Wilson Bautista Molano, Ruben Burgos-Vargas, Peter P Cheung, Eduardo Collantes-Estevez, Atul Deodhar, Bassel El-Zorkany, Shandor Erdes, Jieruo Gu, Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni, Uta Kiltz, Tae-Hwan Kim, Mitsumasa Kishimoto, Shue-Fen Luo, Pedro M Machado, Walter P Maksymowych, José Maldonado-Cocco, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Carlo-Maurizio Montecucco, Salih Ozgoçmen, Floris van Gaalen, Maxime Dougados
BACKGROUND: Increased risk of some comorbidities has been reported in spondyloarthritis (SpA). Recommendations for detection/management of some of these comorbidities have been proposed, and it is known that a gap exists between these and their implementation in practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate (1) the prevalence of comorbidities and risk factors in different countries worldwide, (2) the gap between available recommendations and daily practice for management of these comorbidities and (3) the prevalence of previously unknown risk factors detected as a result of the present initiative...
June 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Biji M Sankaran, Santam Chakraborty, Vijay M Patil, Sindhu N Raghavan, Shibimol Thomas, Subhradev Sen
AIM: To report the prevalence and outcomes of pressure ulcers (PU) seen in a cohort of cancer patients requiring home-based palliative care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients referred for home care were eligible for this prospective observational study, provided they were living within a distance of 35 km from the institute and gave informed consent. During each visit, caregivers were trained and educated for providing nursing care for the patient. Dressing material for PU care was provided to all patients free of cost and care methods were demonstrated...
May 2015: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Kosuke Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Minamimoto, Takeo Mizuki, Hiroshi Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Extensive peristomal skin ulcer due to pyoderma gangrenosum is difficult to manage and causes significant morbidity. CASE: A 69-year-old man presented with a 10×7-cm painful peristomal skin necrosis during cancer chemotherapy for metastatic colon adenocarcinoma. The diagnosis of peristomal pyoderma gangrenosum was made on the basis of the presence of the skin necrosis with a well-defined, undermined, violaceous border. One month after the presentation along with daily cleansing and minimal debridement without immunosuppressive treatments, wound bed preparation was deemed sufficient for a split-thickness skin graft using negative pressure wound therapy for graft fixation...
January 2015: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Kian Zarchi, Vibeke B Haugaard, Deirdre N Dufour, Gregor B E Jemec
Telemedicine is widely considered as an efficient approach to manage the growing problem of chronic wounds. However, to date, there is no convincing evidence to support the clinical efficacy of telemedicine in wound management. In this prospective cluster controlled study, we tested the hypothesis that advice on wound management provided by a team of wound-care specialists through telemedicine would significantly improve the likelihood of wound healing compared with the best available conventional practice...
March 2015: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Lauren Kelly, Laura Bender, Pamela Harris, David Casarett
BACKGROUND: All hospices were required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to collect the "Comfortable Dying" measure in 2012 (National Quality Forum measure #0209). However, it is not known how scores on this measure are affected by patient characteristics. It is important to identify these characteristics so that a hospice's case mix can be taken into account when interpreting its scores. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the implementation of the NQF #0209 measure in 10 hospices and to identify patient characteristics associated with scores...
June 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Edward I Stout, Angie McKessor
PROBLEM: Infection is a major problem in the health and wellbeing of patients in hospitals, nursing homes, and other medical facilities as well as the homecare patients and the general public. According to Scientia Advisors, wound care costs the healthcare system over $7 billion in 2009. After adding the cost associated with potential complications such as infections, extended physician care, and lengthy hospital stays, the annual wound care expenditures well exceeded over $20 billion...
February 2012: Advances in Wound Care
Dinesh Kadam
The threat of lower limb loss is seen commonly in severe crush injury, cancer ablation, diabetes, peripheral vascular disease and neuropathy. The primary goal of limb salvage is to restore and maintain stability and ambulation. Reconstructive strategies differ in each condition such as: Meticulous debridement and early coverage in trauma, replacing lost functional units in cancer ablation, improving vascularity in ischaemic leg and providing stable walking surface for trophic ulcer. The decision to salvage the critically injured limb is multifactorial and should be individualised along with laid down definitive indications...
May 2013: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
M H Rabadi, S K Mayanna, A S Vincent
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors of mortality in veterans with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). SETTING: Tertiary clinic in the state of Oklahoma. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven patients with tSCI who were enrolled in our Spinal Cord Injury program from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2011 were retrospectively studied. The study sample was divided into two groups, based on the survival status by 31 December 2011...
October 2013: Spinal Cord
S Dhananjai, Sadashiv, Sunita Tiwari, Krishna Dutt, Rajjan Kumar
BACKGROUND: Yoga practice has been effectively prescribed in conjunction with other medical and yogic procedures in the management of severe psychosomatic diseases, including cancer, bronchial asthma, colitis, peptic and ulcer. It improves strength and flexibility, and may help control physiological variables such as blood pressure, lipids, respiration, heart rate, and metabolic rate to improve overall exercise capacity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of Yogic Practice on anxiety/depression associated with obesity...
January 2013: International Journal of Yoga
Albert Lukas, Benjamin Mayer, Daniela Fialová, Eva Topinkova, Jacob Gindin, Graziano Onder, Roberto Bernabei, Thorsten Nikolaus, Michael D Denkinger
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Few studies have compared cross-national characteristics of residents with pain in European long term care facilities. The SHELTER project, a cross-national European study on nursing home residents, provides the opportunity to examine this issue. The present study aimed to evaluate key figures about pain and compare them with seven European countries and Israel. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: A total of 3926 nursing home residents were assessed by the interRAI instrument for Long Term Care Facilities (interRAI LTCF)...
June 2013: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
W L Olszewski
Lymphedema of the limbs has become a frequent pathological condition after soft tissue inflammation, trauma, removal of lymph nodes in cancer and long-lasting ulcerations. Lymphatics draining the diseased tissues become occluded. Microsurgery helps in the formation of anastomoses and collaterals bypassing the obstruction site. Surgeons operating on the lymphatics should be aware of the tissue fluid/lymph formation mechanism, hydraulics of tissue fluid/lymph, tissue metabolism and waste material utilization, immune function in terms of elimination of microbial and tumor antigens and raising tolerance to own tissue antigens of injured tissues necessary for wound healing as well as classification of diseases of lymphatics...
December 2012: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: In April 2008, the Medical Advisory Secretariat began an evidence-based review of the literature concerning pressure ulcers.Please visit the Medical Advisory Secretariat Web site, to review these titles that are currently available within the Pressure Ulcers series.PRESSURE ULCER PREVENTION: an evidence based analysisThe cost-effectiveness of prevention strategies for pressure ulcers in long-term care homes in Ontario: projections of the Ontario Pressure Ulcer Model (field evaluation)MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC PRESSURE ULCERS: an evidence-based analysis OBJECTIVE: The Medical Advisory Secretariat (MAS) conducted a systematic review on interventions used to treat pressure ulcers in order to answer the following questions: Do currently available interventions for the treatment of pressure ulcers increase the healing rate of pressure ulcers compared with standard care, a placebo, or other similar interventions?Within each category of intervention, which one is most effective in promoting the healing of existing pressure ulcers? BACKGROUND: A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue usually over a bony prominence, as a result of pressure, or pressure in conjunction with shear and/or friction...
2009: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Diane Langemo
The incidence and prevalence of wounds in persons at the end of life is largely unknown, but wounds are estimated to occur in at least one third of hospice patients. At the end of life, healthcare professionals must help the patient and/ or family decide whether the goals of wound prevention and care should focus on healing or palliation. At all times, it is important to consider that a palliative approach does not negate the potential for wound improvement or even closing before death...
May 2012: Ostomy/wound Management
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