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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162055/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-for-locally-advanced-intrahepatic-and-extrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#1
Eleni Gkika, Lukas Hallauer, Simon Kirste, Sonja Adebahr, Nico Bartl, Hannes Philipp Neeff, Ralph Fritsch, Volker Brass, Ursula Nestle, Anca Ligia Grosu, Thomas Baptist Brunner
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of ablative radiotherapy doses in the treatment of hilar or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS: Consecutive patients treated from 2007 to 2016 with CCC were evaluated. Local control and toxicities were assessed every 3 months according to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) and the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0, respectively. Overall survival (OS), local control (LC) and progression free survival were calculated from SBRT...
November 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161137/pragmatic-competence-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-impact-of-theory-of-mind-verbal-working-memory-adhd-symptoms-and-structural-language
#2
Inmaculada Baixauli-Fortea, Ana Miranda Casas, Carmen Berenguer-Forner, Carla Colomer-Diago, Belén Roselló-Miranda
The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. To this end, children with ASD will be compared to children with typical development (TD), controlling the effects of sex and structural language (speech, syntax, semantics, coherence)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160406/cheiloscopic-study-among-monozygotic-twins-non-twin-brothers-and-non-relative-individuals
#3
Larissa Chaves Cardoso Fernandes, Julyana de Araújo Oliveira, Bianca Marques Santiago, Patrícia Moreira Rabello, Marcus Vitor Diniz de Carvalho, Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro Campello, Evelyne Pessoa Soriano
This study aimed to investigate cheiloscopic patterns among monozygotic twins (MT), non-twin siblings (NTS) and unrelated individuals (UI). The sample consisted of 20 pairs of monozygotic twins (G1), 20 pairs of non-twin siblings (G2) and 20 pairs of unrelated individuals (G3). Lip thickness, commissures and grooves were evaluated and the latter were classified as: I - clear-cut vertical grooves; I' - incomplete vertical grooves; II - branched grooves; III - intersecting; IV - reticular grooves and V - undetermined, in 8 labial regions (sub-quadrants)...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159523/quantitating-whole-lesion-tumor-biology-in-rectal-cancer-mri-taking-a-lesson-from-fdg-pet-tumor-metrics
#4
Marc J Gollub, Andreas M Hotker, Kaitlin M Woo, Yousef Mazaheri, Mithat Gonen
PURPOSE: To determine the value of novel whole tumor metrics in DWI-MRI and DCE-MRI of rectal cancer treatment assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 24 uniformly treated patients with rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent MRI including diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) sequences, before and after chemoradiotherapy. Two experienced readers independently measured tumor volume and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on DWI-MRI and tumor volume and transfer constant K (trans) on DCE-MRI...
November 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158000/functional-genomic-fabrics-are-remodeled-in-a-mouse-model-of-chagasic-cardiomyopathy-and-restored-following-cell-therapy
#5
Dumitru A Iacobas, Sanda Iacobas, Herbert B Tanowitz, Antonio Campos de Carvalho, David C Spray
We previously found that, in a mouse model of Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), 18% of the 9390 quantified unigenes were significantly regulated by Trypanosoma cruzi infection. However, treatment with bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (MNCs) resulted in 84% transcriptomic recovery. We have applied new algorithms to reanalyze these datasets with respect to specific pathways [CCC, cardiac muscle contraction (CMC) and chemokine signaling (CCS)]. In addition to the levels of expression of individual genes we also calculated gene expression variability and coordination of expression of each gene with all others...
November 17, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142643/verification-of-a-computer-aided-replica-technique-for-evaluating-prosthesis-adaptation-using-statistical-agreement-analysis
#6
Hang-Nga Mai, Kyeong Eun Lee, Kyu-Bok Lee, Seung-Mi Jeong, Seok-Jae Lee, Cheong-Hee Lee, Seo-Young An, Du-Hyeong Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of computer-aided replica technique (CART) by calculating its agreement with the replica technique (RT), using statistical agreement analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prepared metal die and a metal crown were fabricated. The gap between the restoration and abutment was replicated using silicone indicator paste (n = 25). Gap measurements differed in the control (RT) and experimental (CART) groups...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140878/clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastatic-to-the-gynecologic-tract-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-17-cases
#7
Oluwole Fadare, Mohamed M Desouki, Katja Gwin, Krisztina Z Hanley, Elke A Jarboe, Sharon X Liang, Charles M Quick, Kojo R Rawish, Andres A Roma, Wenxin Zheng, Jonathan L Hecht, Vinita Parkash, Adeboye O Osunkoya
Clear cell renal cell carcinomas (CCRCC) rarely metastasizes to the gynecologic tract. In this study, we analyzed a multi-institutional data set to provide insights into the clinical, morphologic, and immunophenotypic features of this phenomenon. Seveteen metastatic CCRCC involving the gynecologic tract [ovary/fallopian tube (n=9), vulva (n=2), uterine corpus (n=3), cervix (n=2), uterine serosa (n=1)] were analyzed. Mean patient age was 62 yr (range: 45-79 yr). Most cases (15/17) presented as a recurrence 6 to 72 mo postnephrectomy, 1 case was concurrently diagnosed, and 1 case (a cervical metastasis) was diagnosed prenephrectomy...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136682/exploring-the-cancer-caregiver-s-journey-through-web-based-meaning-centered-psychotherapy
#8
A J Applebaum, K L Buda, E Schofield, M Farberov, N D Teitelbaum, K Evans, R Cowens-Alvarado, R S Cannady
PURPOSE: Psychosocial interventions are historically underutilized by cancer caregivers, but support programs delivered flexibly over the Internet address multiple barriers to care. We adapted Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy for Cancer Caregivers, an in-person psychotherapeutic intervention intended to augment caregivers' sense of meaning and purpose and ameliorate burden, for delivery in a self-administered web-based program, the Care for the Cancer Caregiver (CCC) Workshop. The present study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of this program...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135119/expression-and-significance-of-arid1a-mrna-in-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-cancer
#9
Qiong Wang, Lingxiong Wang, Yali L, Xiaohui Ding, Aijun Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression and relevant clinical and pathological significance of AT-rich interactive domaincontaining protein 1A (ARID1A) mRNA in endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer. METHODS: The clinical and pathological data of 63 patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) and of 43 patients with ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEAC) were collected. The expression of ARID1A-encoded protein, baf250a, in ovarian cancer tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131536/non-invasive-ventilation-use-in-status-asthmaticus-16%C3%A2-years-of-experience-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care
#10
Kirsten Rl Bond, Carl Ae Horsley, Anthony B Williams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in adults presenting with status asthmaticus to Middlemore Hospital Critical Care Complex (CCC, South Auckland, New Zealand) from 2000 to 2015. METHOD: Retrospective review of all adult asthma admissions to the Hospital CCC between 2000 and 2015. Demographic, physiological, treatment data and blood gas results were recorded. RESULTS: There were 265 asthma admissions to Middlemore Hospital CCC during the study period...
November 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131287/the-relationship-between-ischemia-modified-albumin-and-good-coronary-collateral-circulation
#11
Murat Gök, Harun Kundi, Emrullah Kızıltunç, Canan Topcuoglu, Ender Örnek
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine the grade of the coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). AIM: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the ischemia modified albumin (IMA) level and good CCC. METHODS: A total of 95 patients with coronary angiography and at least one epicardial coronary artery obstruction were included in the study. The Rentrop classification was used with CCC grading, where 0 and 1 were defined as poor collateral, and 2 and 3 were defined as good collateral...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129389/adjuvant-therapy-in-patients-with-clear-cell-endometrial-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-database
#12
Karina Nieto, William Adams, Nghia Pham, Alec M Block, Surbhi Grover, William Small, Matthew M Harkenrider
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of adjuvant treatment, sociodemographic and tumor factors on the survival of patients with non-metastatic clear cell endometrial carcinoma (CCC). METHODS: 4298 patients treated from 1998 to 2011 with Stage I-IVA CCC were identified within the National Cancer Database. FIGO 2009 staging system was used. Adjuvant groups included: hysterectomy (HYS); HYS+vaginal brachytherapy (VBT); HYS+chemotherapy (CT); HYS+external beam radiation therapy (EBRT); HYS+CT+EBRT; and HYS+CT+VBT...
November 9, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121793/total-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-us-adults-was-lower-when-measured-using-a-1-question-versus-4-question-screener
#13
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Carrie Dooyema, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of a 1-question survey screener measuring total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake to a screener measuring SSB types separately using 4 questions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Web-based 2014 SummerStyles survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4167 US adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: Frequency of SSB intake measured using a 1-question screener was compared to frequency using a 4-question screener (regular soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened coffee/tea)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118770/contrast-induced-nephropathy-is-less-common-in-patients-with-good-coronary-collateral-circulation
#14
Eyup Avci, Tarik Yildirim, Hasan Kadi
Background/Aims: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a typically reversible type of acute renal failure that develops after exposure to contrast agents; underlying endothelial dysfunction is thought to be an important risk factor for CIN. Although the mechanism of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) is not fully understood, a pivotal role of the endothelium has been reported in many studies. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between CCC and CIN...
October 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115725/comparison-of-conventional-cytomorphology-flow-cytometry-immunophenotyping-and-automated-cell-counting-of-csf-for-detection-of-cns-involvement-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#15
J C Jaime-Pérez, M F Borrego-López, R A Jiménez-Castillo, N Méndez-Ramírez, R Salazar-Riojas, L T Fernández, D Gómez-Almaguer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cytospin conventional cytomorphology (CCC) is the standard method for detecting lymphoblasts in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and for guiding treatment decisions. We evaluated flow cytometry immunophenotyping (FCI) performance for improving detection of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in ALL. METHODS: This prospective study included analysis of consecutive CSF samples of patients of all ages with ALL at 3 clinical stages: new diagnosis, relapse suspicion, and after relapse treatment...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113136/discovering-the-deregulated-molecular-functions-involved-in-malignant-transformation-of-endometriosis-to-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-carcinoma-using-a-data-driven-function-based-analysis
#16
Chia-Ming Chang, Yi-Ping Yang, Jen-Hua Chuang, Chi-Mu Chuang, Tzu-Wei Lin, Peng-Hui Wang, Mu-Hsien Yu, Cheng-Chang Chang
The clinical characteristics of clear cell carcinoma (CCC) and endometrioid carcinoma EC) are concomitant with endometriosis (ES), which leads to the postulation of malignant transformation of ES to endometriosis-associated ovarian carcinoma (EAOC). Different deregulated functional areas were proposed accounting for the pathogenesis of EAOC transformation, and there is still a lack of a data-driven analysis with the accumulated experimental data in publicly-available databases to incorporate the deregulated functions involved in the malignant transformation of EOAC...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112954/metabolic-dynamics-restricted-by-conserved-carriers-jamming-and-feedback
#17
Tetsuhiro S Hatakeyama, Chikara Furusawa
To uncover the processes and mechanisms of cellular physiology, it first necessary to gain an understanding of the underlying metabolic dynamics. Recent studies using a constraint-based approach succeeded in predicting the steady states of cellular metabolic systems by utilizing conserved quantities in the metabolic networks such as carriers such as ATP/ADP as an energy carrier or NADH/NAD+ as a hydrogen carrier. Although such conservation quantities restrict not only the steady state but also the dynamics themselves, the latter aspect has not yet been completely understood...
November 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110671/residual-microcalcifications-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer-comparison-of-the-accuracies-of-mammography-and-mri-in-predicting-pathological-residual-tumor
#18
Yeong Yi An, Sung Hun Kim, Bong Joo Kang
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to correlate residual mammographic microcalcifications after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with pathological results and to compare the accuracy of mammography (MG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting the size of residual tumors. METHODS: The imaging findings and pathological results for 29 patients with residual microcalcifications after NAC were reviewed. We compared the agreement of the measured extent of residual microcalcifications based on MG and residual enhancement based on MRI with the residual tumor size based on pathology...
November 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109859/candidate-synthetic-lethality-partners-to-parp-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-ovarian-clear-cell-cancer
#19
Naoki Kawahara, Kenji Ogawa, Mika Nagayasu, Mai Kimura, Yoshikazu Sasaki, Hiroshi Kobayashi
Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) are new types of personalized treatment of relapsed platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer harboring BRCA1/2 mutations. Ovarian clear cell cancer (CCC), a subset of ovarian cancer, often appears as low-stage disease with a higher incidence among Japanese. Advanced CCC is highly aggressive with poor patient outcome. The aim of the present study was to determine the potential synthetic lethality gene pairs for PARP inhibitions in patients with CCC through virtual and biological screenings as well as clinical studies...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109773/quantitative-three-dimensional-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-imaging-first-in-human-pilot-study-in-patients-with-liver-metastases
#20
Ahmed El Kaffas, Rosa Maria Silveira Sigrist, George Fisher, Sunitha Bachawal, Joy Liau, Huaijun Wang, Alexander Karanany, Isabelle Durot, Jarrett Rosenberg, Dimitre Hristov, Jürgen K Willmann
Purpose: To perform a clinical assessment of quantitative three-dimensional (3D) dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) feasibility and repeatability in patients with liver metastasis, and to evaluate the extent of quantitative perfusion parameter sampling errors in 2D compared to 3D DCE-US imaging. Materials and Methods: Twenty consecutive 3D DCE-US scans of liver metastases were performed in 11 patients (45% women; mean age, 54.5 years; range, 48-60 years; 55% men; mean age, 57.6 years; range, 47-68 years)...
2017: Theranostics
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