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Zijian Guo, Zhenqin Zhang, Xiaoyong Wang, Cheng Luo, Chengcheng Zhu, Changli Zhang, Kun Wang
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor primarily affects adolescents. Targeted platinum(II) complexes are promising candidates for overcoming the general toxicity of conventional platinum anticancer drugs. In this study four dinuclear platinum(II) complexes, {[cis-Pt(NH3)2Cl]2(PD)} (NO3)2 (1), {[cis-Pt(NH3)2Cl]2(PDBP)} (NO3)2 (2), {[cis-Pt(DACH)Cl]2(PD)} (NO3)2 (3), {[cis-Pt(DACH)Cl]2(PDBP)} (NO3)2 (4) [PD = 5,5'-carbonylbis(2-(2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione), PDBP = tetraethyl (((bis(1,3-dioxo-2-(2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)isoindolin-5-yl)methylene)amino) methylene)bis(phosphonate), DACH = 1,2-diaminocyclohexane)], were designed and synthesized...
May 29, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Wolfgang Schnick, Robin Niklaus, Eva-Maria Bertschler
Li12P3N9 was synthesized by solid-state reaction of Li3N and P3N5 at 790 °C. It is made up of non-condensed [P3N9]12- dreier-rings of PN4-tetrahedra. The high-pressure polymorph Li4PN3 of the latter was synthesized under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions from Li12P3N9 or LiPN2 and Li7PN4 at 6 or 7 GPa, respectively, using multianvil technique. Li4PN3 is the first lithium catena-nitridophosphate and contains PN3 zweier-chains of corner sharing PN4-tetrahedra. To confirm the structure elucidated from single-crystal X-ray data, Rietveld refinement, 6Li, 7Li and 31P solid-state NMR, FTIR spectroscopy and EDX measurements were carried out...
May 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Andrea Němcová, Michal Dubský, Alexandra Jirkovská, Petr Šedivý, Miloslav Drobný, Milan Hájek, Monika Dezortová, Robert Bém, Vladimíra Fejfarová, Anna Pyšná
AIM: The standard method for assessment of effect of revascularization in patients with diabetic foot (DF) and critical limb ischemia (CLI) is transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2). Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) enables to evaluate oxidative muscle metabolism that could be impaired in patients with diabetes and its complications. The aim of our study was to compare MRS of calf muscle between patients with DF and CLI and healthy controls and to evaluate the contribution of MRS in the assessment of the effect of revascularization...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Song-Jiao Li, Chun-Yan Li, Yong-Fei Li, Junjie Fei, Ping Wu, Bin Yang, Juan Ou-Yang, Shi-Xin Nie
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an essential enzyme and widely distributes in a variety of tissues. To date, various nanomaterial and small-molecule fluorescent probes for ALP have been constructed successfully, but the emission wavelengths of these probes are in the ultraviolet or visible range, which is not beneficial for bioimaging. Herein, a hemicyanine-based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe named CyP is first synthesized and used to detect ALP activity. The characteristics of probe CyP are as follows: (1) The probe possesses a facile structure, which can be obtained by easy synthetic steps...
May 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Jehill D Parikh, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Dorothy Wallace, Andrew M Blamire, Guy A MacGowan
OBJECTIVES: Both aging and hypertension are significant risk factors for heart failure in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine how aging, with and without hypertension, affects left ventricular function. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of magnetic resonance imaging and 31P spectroscopy-based measurements of left ventricular structure, global function, strains, pulse wave velocity, high energy phosphate metabolism in 48 normal subjects and 40 treated hypertensive patients (though no other cardiovascular disease or diabetes) stratified into 3 age deciles from 50-79 years...
2017: PloS One
Rong-Rong Zhao, Zhenchao Zhao, Shikun Li, Weiping Zhang
Here we utilized 27Al MAS/MQMAS, 31P MAS NMR of quantitative adsorption of trimethylphosphine oxide (TMPO) and DFT calculations to elucidate the relationship between Al distribution and Brönsted acidity of series H-Beta zeolites derived from dealumination of Al-rich H-Beta zeolite. Three types of Brönsted acid strengths corresponding to different specific Al T-sites were demonstrated. Removal of one framework Al in 5MR2-2Al and 6MR-2Al sites led to increasing the Brönsted acid strength of dealuminated H-Beta...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Paul Kauv, Samar S Ayache, Alain Créange, Moussa A Chalah, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Jérôme Hodel, Pierre Brugières
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) has previously shown abnormal changes in energy metabolites in the brain of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, the relationship between these energy metabolites - particularly adenosine triphosphate (ATP) - and the disease severity remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether measuring ATP metabolites can help to predict disease severity in MS patients. METHODS: 31P-MRS at 3 tesla was performed in 9 relapsing remitting (RRMS), 9 secondary progressive MS patients (SPMS), and 10 age-matched healthy controls...
2017: European Neurology
Hester Rijkje Berger, Eva Brekke, Marius Widerøe, Tora Sund Morken
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is a major health problem. Adjuvant treatments that improve the neuroprotective effect of the current treatment, therapeutic hypothermia, are urgently needed. The growing knowledge about the complex pathophysiology of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) has led to the discovery of several important targets for neuroprotection. Early interventions should focus on the preservation of energy metabolism, the reduction of glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stress, the maintenance of calcium homeostasis, and the prevention of apoptosis...
April 28, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
Jéssica B R Lino, Eduardo P Rocha, Teodorico C Ramalho
Quantum computing is the field of science that uses quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. The fundamental information unit used in quantum computing is the quantum bit or qubit. It is well-known that quantum computers could theoretically be able to solve problems much more quickly than any classical computers. Currently, the first and still the most successful implementations of quantum information processing (QIP) have been based on nuclear spins in liquids...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Norman Hardt, Birhanu M Kinfu, Jennifer Chow, Wolfgang R Streit, Bernhard Schoenenberger, Markus Obkircher, Roland Wohlgemuth
The efficient synthesis of pure D-glycerate-2-phosphate is of much interest due to its importance as enzyme substrate and metabolite. A straightforward one-step biocatalytic phosphorylation of glyceric acid has been investigated. Glycerate 2-kinase from Thermotoga maritima has been expressed in Escherichia coli allowing easy purification. The selective glycerate 2-kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation has been followed by 31P-NMR and showed excellent enantioselectivity towards the phosphorylation of the D-enantiomer of glyceric acid...
April 18, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Carlo Alberto Gaggioli, Giovanni Bistoni, Gianluca Ciancaleoni, Francesco Tarantelli, Leonardo Belpassi, Paola Belanzoni
In view of their intensive use as ligands in many reactions catalyzed by transition-metal complexes, modulation of the bonding properties of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) on a rational basis is highly desirable, which should enable optimization of current applications or even promote new functions. In this paper, we provide a quantitative analysis of the chemical bond between a metal fragment AuCl and a series of 29 different NHCs in [(NHC)AuCl] complexes. NHCs electronic properties are modified through: i) variation of the groups attached to the NHC nitrogen atoms or backbone; ii) change of unsaturation/size of the NHC ring; iii) inclusion of paracyclophane moieties; or iv) heteroatom substitution on the NHC ring...
April 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Maria Nelander, Jan Weis, Lina Bergman, Anders Larsson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Johan Wikström
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is used as a prophylaxis for eclamptic seizures. The exact mechanism of action is not fully established. We used phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) to investigate if cerebral magnesium (Mg2+) levels differ between women with preeclampsia, normal pregnant, and nonpregnant women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 28 women with preeclampsia, 30 women with normal pregnancies in corresponding gestational week (range: 23-41 weeks) and 11 nonpregnant healthy controls...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
Lauren N Grant, Balazs Pinter, Brian C Manor, Riccardo Suter, Hansjörg Grützmacher, Daniel J Mindiola
The complex [(nacnac)Ti(OAr)]2 (μ2 :η(2) ,η(2) -P2 ) (1) is formed via reductive decarbonylation of the phosphaethynolate ion (-) [OCP], which serves as a P atom source. Complex 1 is the first structurally characterized Group 4 transition metal P2 complex and its structure reveals the rhombic Ti2 P2 core is essentially planar with short bond lengths suggesting some degree of multiple bonding character between the Ti-P and P-P sites. Computational studies of 1 provide an understanding of the Ti2 P2 core as well as the origin of the highly downfield (31) P NMR spectroscopic signal...
March 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Xia Zhao, Hee Kwon Song, Alan C Seifert, Cheng Li, Felix W Wehrli
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an integrated imaging protocol for bone water and phosphorus quantification in vivo by solid-state 1H and 31P MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All studies were HIPAA-compliant and were performed with institutional review board approval and written informed consent. Proton (1H) ultra-short echo-time (UTE) and phosphorus (31P) zero echo-time (ZTE) sequences were designed and implemented on a 3 T clinical MR scanner to quantify bone water and mineral in vivo...
2017: PloS One
Antonio Pereira, Ingrid C Hoeger, Ana Ferrer, Jorge Rencoret, José C Del Rio, Kristiina Kruus, Jenni Rahikainen, Miriam Kellock, Ana Gutiérrez, Orlando J Rojas
Lignins were isolated from spruce, wheat straw, and eucalyptus by using the milled wood lignin (MWL) method. Functional groups and compositional analyses were assessed via 2D NMR and (31)P NMR to realize their effect on enzyme binding. Films of the lignins were fabricated and ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, and water contact angle measurements were used for their characterization and to reveal the changes upon enzyme adsorption. Moreover, lignin thin films were deposited on quartz crystal microgravimetry (QCM) and surface plasmon (SPR) resonance sensors and used to gain further insights into the lignin-cellulase interactions...
March 23, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Yongfang Wang, Songlin Zuo, Jianxiao Yang, Seong-Ho Yoon
Two types of activated carbons have been prepared by H3PO4 activation of lignocellulose and by H3PO4 modification of activated carbon, and then heat-treated at temperatures from 400 to 900 °C in an atmosphere of N2 or H2 to investigate the evolution of phosphorus-containing groups. Elemental analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance, nitrogen adsorption, and scanning electron microscopy have been used to analyze the physicochemical properties of the activated carbons. The results show that C-O-P linkages of phosphorus-containing groups can progressively evolve into C-P-O, C3-P═O, C3-P, and eventually elemental phosphorus as a result of heat treatment...
March 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sungho Lee, Kyosuke Ueda, Takayuki Narushima, Takayoshi Nakano, Toshihiro Kasuga
BACKGROUND: Niobia/magnesia-containing orthophosphate invert glasses were successfully prepared in our earlier work. Orthophosphate groups in the glasses were cross-linked by tetrahedral niobia (NbO4) and magnesia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to prepare calcium orthophosphate invert glasses containing magnesia and niobia, incorporating silica, and to evaluate their structures and releasing behaviors. METHOD: The glasses were prepared by melt-quenching, and their structures and ion-releasing behaviors were evaluated...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Matthew D Wilcox, Romina Del Bosque, Kurt Parizek, Jeremy Sia, Edwin D Eigenbrodt, Mary P McDougall
This work describes the construction and testing of a three-element, double-tuned receive array and transmit coils for 31P-1H spectroscopy and imaging. The receive coils were geometrically-decoupled, single-loop surface coils and the transmit coils were concentric saddle coils. The coils were used to examine a physiologically-modeled CNC-milled phantom. The receive coil array was able to improve SNR while also providing gross localization of the 1H and 31P signals.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jenny Snickars, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors within 3 days post-stroke that could predict severe impairment in motor function in the upper extremity at one month post-stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 104 patients with first-ever stroke and impaired motor function in the upper extremity. Initial impairment in motor function, demographic data, type of stroke and stroke risk factors were chosen as possible predictors. Severe impairment in motor function was defined as ≤ 31p according to the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Upper Extremity (FMA-UE)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Antoine Duval, Luc Avérous
Various biobased polyphenols (lignins and condensed tannins) were derivatized with vinyl ethylene carbonate, a functional cyclic carbonate, to obtain multifunctional aromatic polymers bearing vinyl groups. The reaction was optimized on a condensed tannin and soda lignin. In both cases, full conversion of the phenol groups was achieved in only 1 h at 150 °C without solvent and with K2 CO3 as a cheap and safe catalyst. This reaction was later applied to other condensed tannins and technical lignins (Kraft and organosolv), showing only little dependence on the chemical structure of the polyphenols...
April 22, 2017: ChemSusChem
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