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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811322/analysis-of-sphingolipids-sterols-and-phospholipids-in-human-pathogenic-cryptococcus-strains
#1
Ashutosh Singh, Andrew MacKenzie, Geoffrey Girnun, Maurizio Del Poeta
Cryptococcus species cause invasive infections in humans. Lipids play an important role in the progression of these infections. Independent studies done by our group and others provide some detail about the functions of these lipids in Cryptococcus infections. However, pathways of biosynthesis and metabolism of these lipids are not completely understood. To thoroughly understand the physiological role of these Cryptococcus lipids, a proper structure and composition analyses of Cryptococcus lipids is demanded...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799284/structure-electronics-and-reactivity-of-ce-pnp-complexes
#2
Alexander V Zabula, Yusen Qiao, Alex J Kosanovich, Thibault Cheisson, Brian C Manor, Patrick J Carroll, Oleg V Ozerov, Eric J Schelter
Synthetic methods for the coordination of the monoanionic bis[2-(diisopropylphosphino)-4-methylphenyl]amido (PNP) ligand framework to the cerium(III) cation have been developed and applied for the isolation of a series of {(PNP)Ce} and {(PNP)2Ce} type complexes. The structures of the complexes were studied by X-ray diffraction and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. We found that the cerium(III) ion can induce the elimination of one of the iPr groups at phosphorus to yield a new dianionic PNP tridentate framework (PNP-iPr) featuring a phosphido-donor functionality, which is bound to the cerium ion with the shortest known Ce-P bond of 2...
August 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783319/sharper-reaction-monitoring-generation-of-a-narrow-line-width-nmr-singlet-without-x-pulses-in-an-inhomogeneous-magnetic-field
#3
Ariana B Jones, Guy C Lloyd-Jones, Dusan Uhrin
We report a new 'pure-shift' method, termed 'SHARPER' (Sensitive, Homogeneous And Resolved PEaks in Real time) de-signed for the analysis of reactions and equilibria by NMR. By focusing on a single selected signal, SHARPER removes all heteronuclear couplings of a selected nucleus without the need to pulse on X channels, thus overcoming hardware limitations of conventional spectrometers. A more versatile decoupling scheme, termed 'sel-SHARPER', removes all heteronuclear and homonuclear couplings of the selected signal...
August 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763477/spatially-localized-phosphorous-metabolism-of-skeletal-muscle-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-patients-24-month-follow-up
#4
M T Hooijmans, N Doorenweerd, C Baligand, J J G M Verschuuren, I Ronen, E H Niks, A G Webb, H E Kan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in phosphodiester (PDE)-levels, detected by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), over 24-months to determine the potential of PDE as marker for muscle tissue changes in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) patients. METHODS: Spatially resolved phosphorous datasets were acquired in the right lower leg of 18 DMD patients (range: 5-15.4 years) and 12 age-matched healthy controls (range: 5-14 years) at three time-points (baseline, 12-months, and 24-months) using a 7T MR-System (Philips Achieva)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717648/response-detection-of-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-to-clinically-utilised-and-novel-treatments-by-monitoring-phospholipid-metabolism
#5
Tim A D Smith, Su M Phyu, Kholoud S Alzyoud, Chih-Chung Tseng
Androgen receptor (AR) activation is the primary driving factor in prostate cancer which is initially responsive to castration but then becomes resistant (castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)). CRPC cells still retain the functioning AR which can be targeted by other therapies. A recent promising development is the use of inhibitors (Epi-1) of protein-protein interaction to inhibit AR-activated signalling. Translating novel therapies into the clinic requires sensitive early response indicators. Here potential response markers are explored...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708894/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-spectroscopy-for-differential-assessment-of-liver-abnormalities-induced-by-opisthorchis-felineus-in-an-animal-model
#6
Alexandra G Pershina, Vladimir V Ivanov, Lina V Efimova, Oleg B Shevelev, Sergey V Vtorushin, Tatjana V Perevozchikova, Alexey E Sazonov, Ludmila M Ogorodova
BACKGROUND: European liver fluke Opisthorchis felineus, causing opisthorchiasis disease, is widespread in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and sporadically detected in the EU countries. O. felineus infection leads to hepatobiliary pathological changes, cholangitis, fibrosis and, in severe cases, malignant transformation of bile ducts. Due to absence of specific symptoms, the infection is frequently neglected for a long period. The association of opisthorchiasis with almost incurable bile duct cancer and rising international migration of people that increases the risk of the parasitic etiology of liver fibrosis in non-endemic regions determine high demand for development of approaches to opisthorchiasis detection...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699734/solution-and-solid-state-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-structural-investigations-of-the-antimicrobial-designer-peptide-gl13k-in-membranes
#7
Nicole Harmouche, Christopher Aisenbrey, Fernando Porcelli, Youlin Xia, Sarah E D Nelson, Xi Chen, Jesus Raya, Louic Vermeer, Conrado Aparicio, Gianluigi Veglia, Sven-Ulrik Gorr, Burkhard Bechinger
The antimicrobial peptide GL13K encompasses 13 amino acid residues and has been designed and optimized from the salivary protein BPIFA2 to exhibit potent bacteriocidal and anti-biofilm activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria as well as anti-lipopolysaccharide activity in vitro and in vivo. Here, the peptide was analyzed in a variety of membrane environments by circular dichroism spectroscopy and by high-resolution multidimensional solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Whereas in the absence of membranes a random coil conformation predominates, the peptide adopts a helical structure from residue 5 to 11 in the presence of dodecylphosphocholine micelles...
August 1, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675658/spectroscopic-study-of-the-interaction-between-horse-heart-myoglobin-and-zirconium-iv-substituted-polyoxometalates-as-artificial-proteases
#8
Hong Giang T Ly, Tatjana N Parac-Vogt
A recent study [Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 7391-7394] has shown that horse heart myoglobin (HHM) is selectively hydrolyzed by a range of zirconium(IV)-substituted polyoxometalates (POMs) under mild conditions. In this study, the molecular interactions between the Zr-POM catalysts and HHM are investigated by using a range of complementary techniques, including circular dichroism (CD), UV/Vis spectroscopy, tryptophan fluorescence spectroscopy, and (1) H and (31) P NMR spectroscopy. A tryptophan fluorescence quenching study reveals that, among all examined Zr-POMs, the most reactive POM, 2:2 Zr(IV) -Keggin, exhibits the strongest interaction with HHM...
July 4, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650088/two-structurally-characterized-conformational-isomers-with-different-c-p-bonds
#9
Herbert W Roesky, Sudipta Roy, Kartik Chandra Mondal, Bin Li, Subrata Kundu, Christian J Schürmann, Sayan Dutta, Debasis Koley, Dietmar Stalke, Regine Herbst-Irmer
The cyclic alkyl(amino) carbene (cAAC) bonded chlorophosphinidene (cAAC)P-Cl (2/2´) was isolated from the direct reaction between cAAC and phosphorus trichloride (PCl3). Compound 2/2´ has been characterized by NMR and mass spectrometry. 31P NMR investigations [~160 ppm (major) and ~130 ppm (minor)] structural determination reveal that there are two different P environments of P-Cl unit. X-ray single crystal determination suggests a co-crystallization of two conformational isomers of (cAAC)P-Cl (2/2´); the major compound possessing a cAAC-PCl unit with CcAAC-P 1...
June 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556606/dinuclear-platinum-ii-complexes-with-bone-targeting-groups-as-potential-anti-osteosarcoma-agents
#10
Zhenqin Zhang, Xiaoyong Wang, Cheng Luo, Chengcheng Zhu, Kun Wang, Changli Zhang, Zijian Guo
Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor primarily affecting adolescents. Targeted platinum(II) complexes are promising candidates for overcoming the general toxicity of conventional platinum anticancer drugs. In this study four dinuclear platinum(II) complexes, {[cis-Pt(NH3 )2 Cl]2 (PD)} (NO3 )2 (1), {[cis-Pt(NH3 )2 Cl]2 (PDBP)} (NO3 )2 (2), {[cis-Pt(DACH)Cl]2 (PD)} (NO3 )2 (3), and {[cis-Pt(DACH)Cl]2 (PDBP)} (NO3 )2 (4) [PD=5,5'-carbonylbis(2-(2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)isoindoline-1,3-dione), PDBP=tetraethyl (((bis(1,3-dioxo-2-(2-(pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)isoindolin-5-yl)methylene)amino) methylene)bis(phosphonate), DACH=1,2-diaminocyclohexane)], were designed and synthesized...
May 29, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543928/li12-p3-n9-with-non-condensed-p3-n9-12-rings-and-its-high-pressure-polymorph-li4-pn3-with-infinite-chains-of-pn4-tetrahedra
#11
Eva-Maria Bertschler, Robin Niklaus, Wolfgang Schnick
Li12 P3 N9 was synthesized by solid-state reaction of Li3 N and P3 N5 at 790 °C. It is made up of non-condensed [P3 N9 ](12-) dreier-rings of PN4 -tetrahedra. The corresponding high-pressure polymorph, Li4 PN3 , was synthesized under high-pressure/high-temperature conditions from Li12 P3 N9 or LiPN2 and Li7 PN4 at 6 or 7 GPa, respectively, using the multianvil technique. Li4 PN3 is the first lithium catena-nitridophosphate and contains PN3 zweier-chains of corner sharing PN4 -tetrahedra. To confirm the structure elucidated from single-crystal X-ray data, Rietveld refinement, (6) Li, (7) Li, and (31) P solid-state NMR spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and EDX measurements were carried out...
May 23, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520446/-diabetic-foot-syndrome-importance-of-calf-muscles-mr-spectroscopy-in-the-assessment-of-limb-ischemia-and-effect-of-revascularization
#12
Andrea Němcová, Michal Dubský, Alexandra Jirkovská, Petr Šedivý, Miloslav Drobný, Milan Hájek, Monika Dezortová, Robert Bém, Vladimíra Fejfarová, Anna Pyšná
AIM: The standard method for assessment of effect of revascularization in patients with diabetic foot (DF) and critical limb ischemia (CLI) is transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2). Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) enables to evaluate oxidative muscle metabolism that could be impaired in patients with diabetes and its complications. The aim of our study was to compare MRS of calf muscle between patients with DF and CLI and healthy controls and to evaluate the contribution of MRS in the assessment of the effect of revascularization...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516761/facile-and-sensitive-near-infrared-fluorescence-probe-for-the-detection-of-endogenous-alkaline-phosphatase-activity-in-vivo
#13
Song-Jiao Li, Chun-Yan Li, Yong-Fei Li, Junjie Fei, Ping Wu, Bin Yang, Juan Ou-Yang, Shi-Xin Nie
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an essential enzyme and widely distributes in a variety of tissues. To date, various nanomaterial and small-molecule fluorescent probes for ALP have been constructed successfully, but the emission wavelengths of these probes are in the ultraviolet or visible range, which is not beneficial for bioimaging. Herein, a hemicyanine-based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe named CyP is first synthesized and used to detect ALP activity. The characteristics of probe CyP are as follows: (1) The probe possesses a facile structure, which can be obtained by easy synthetic steps...
May 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493996/left-ventricular-functional-structural-and-energetic-effects-of-normal-aging-comparison-with-hypertension
#14
Jehill D Parikh, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Dorothy Wallace, Andrew M Blamire, Guy A MacGowan
OBJECTIVES: Both aging and hypertension are significant risk factors for heart failure in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine how aging, with and without hypertension, affects left ventricular function. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of magnetic resonance imaging and 31P spectroscopy-based measurements of left ventricular structure, global function, strains, pulse wave velocity, high energy phosphate metabolism in 48 normal subjects and 40 treated hypertensive patients (though no other cardiovascular disease or diabetes) stratified into 3 age deciles from 50-79 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488869/insights-into-the-correlation-of-aluminum-distribution-and-br%C3%A3-nsted-acidity-in-h-beta-zeolites-from-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy-and-dft-calculations
#15
Rong-Rong Zhao, Zhenchao Zhao, Shikun Li, Weiping Zhang
Here we utilized 27Al MAS/MQMAS, 31P MAS NMR of quantitative adsorption of trimethylphosphine oxide (TMPO) and DFT calculations to elucidate the relationship between Al distribution and Brönsted acidity of series H-Beta zeolites derived from dealumination of Al-rich H-Beta zeolite. Three types of Brönsted acid strengths corresponding to different specific Al T-sites were demonstrated. Removal of one framework Al in 5MR2-2Al and 6MR-2Al sites led to increasing the Brönsted acid strength of dealuminated H-Beta...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467982/adenosine-triphosphate-metabolism-measured-by-phosphorus-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-a-potential-biomarker-for-multiple-sclerosis-severity
#16
Paul Kauv, Samar S Ayache, Alain Créange, Moussa A Chalah, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Jérôme Hodel, Pierre Brugières
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) has previously shown abnormal changes in energy metabolites in the brain of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, the relationship between these energy metabolites - particularly adenosine triphosphate (ATP) - and the disease severity remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether measuring ATP metabolites can help to predict disease severity in MS patients. METHODS: 31P-MRS at 3 tesla was performed in 9 relapsing remitting (RRMS), 9 secondary progressive MS patients (SPMS), and 10 age-matched healthy controls...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448965/neuroprotective-treatments-after-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-evaluated-with-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#17
Hester Rijkje Berger, Eva Brekke, Marius Widerøe, Tora S Morken
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury is a major health problem. Adjuvant treatments that improve the neuroprotective effect of the current treatment, therapeutic hypothermia, are urgently needed. The growing knowledge about the complex pathophysiology of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) has led to the discovery of several important targets for neuroprotection. Early interventions should focus on the preservation of energy metabolism, the reduction of glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stress, the maintenance of calcium homeostasis, and the prevention of apoptosis...
2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441482/value-of-nmr-parameters-and-dft-calculations-for-quantum-information-processing-utilizing-phosphorus-heterocycles
#18
Jéssica B R Lino, Eduardo P Rocha, Teodorico C Ramalho
Quantum computing is the field of science that uses quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. The fundamental information unit used in quantum computing is the quantum bit or qubit. It is well-known that quantum computers could theoretically be able to solve problems much more quickly than any classical computers. Currently, the first and still the most successful implementations of quantum information processing (QIP) have been based on nuclear spins in liquids...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421660/biocatalytic-asymmetric-phosphorylation-catalyzed-by-recombinant-glycerate-2-kinase
#19
Norman Hardt, Birhanu M Kinfu, Jennifer Chow, Bernhard Schoenenberger, Wolfgang R Streit, Markus Obkircher, Roland Wohlgemuth
The efficient synthesis of pure d-glycerate-2-phosphate is of great interest due to its importance as an enzyme substrate and metabolite. Therefore, we investigated a straightforward one-step biocatalytic phosphorylation of glyceric acid. Glycerate-2-kinase from Thermotoga maritima was expressed in Escherichia coli, allowing easy purification. The selective glycerate-2-kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation was followed by (31) P NMR and showed excellent enantioselectivity towards phosphorylation of the d-enantiomer of glyceric acid...
April 18, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370714/modulating-the-bonding-properties-of-n-heterocyclic-carbenes-nhcs-a-systematic-charge-displacement-analysis
#20
Carlo Alberto Gaggioli, Giovanni Bistoni, Gianluca Ciancaleoni, Francesco Tarantelli, Leonardo Belpassi, Paola Belanzoni
In view of their intensive use as ligands in many reactions catalyzed by transition-metal complexes, modulation of the bonding properties of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) on a rational basis is highly desirable, which should enable optimization of current applications or even promote new functions. In this paper, we provide a quantitative analysis of the chemical bond between a metal fragment AuCl and a series of 29 different NHCs in [(NHC)AuCl] complexes. NHCs electronic properties are modified through: i) variation of the groups attached to the NHC nitrogen atoms or backbone; ii) change of unsaturation/size of the NHC ring; iii) inclusion of paracyclophane moieties; or iv) heteroatom substitution on the NHC ring...
April 3, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
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