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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334034/contrasting-effects-of-visiting-urban-green-space-and-the-countryside-on-biodiversity-knowledge-and-conservation-support
#1
Deborah F Coldwell, Karl L Evans
Conservation policy frequently assumes that increasing people's exposure to green-space enhances their knowledge of the natural world and desire to protect it. Urban development is, however, considered to be driving declining connectedness to nature. Despite this the evidence base supporting the assumption that visiting green-spaces promotes biodiversity knowledge and conservation support, and the impacts of urbanization on these relationships, is surprisingly limited. Using data from door-to-door surveys of nearly 300 residents in three pairs of small and large urban areas in England we demonstrate that people who visit green-space more regularly have higher biodiversity knowledge and support for conservation (measured using scales of pro-environmental behavior)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330153/an-evaluation-of-the-major-factors-influencing-the-removal-of-copper-ions-using-the-egg-shell-dromaius-novaehollandiae-chitosan-agaricus-bisporus-composite
#2
R K Anantha, S Kota
Rapid industrialisation, technological development, urbanization and increase in population in the recent past coupled with unplanned and unscientific disposal methods led to increased heavy metal levels in water. Realizing the need for development of eco-friendly and cost effective methods, the present investigation was done for the adsorptive removal of copper from aqueous solutions with Dromaius novaehollandiae eggshell and chitosan composite. By one variable at a time method, the optimum contact time was found to be 60 min with an adsorbent dosage of 8 g/L at pH 6, initial adsorbate concentration of 20 mg/L and temperature 30 °C...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325084/application-of-a-contextual-instructional-framework-in-a-continuing-professional-development-training-program-for-physiotherapists-in-rwanda
#3
Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Antoinette P Sander, Jean Damascene Gasherebuka, Monika Mann
BACKGROUND: Continuing professional development is an important component of capacity building in low resource countries. The purpose of this case study is to describe the use of a contextual instructional framework to guide the processes and instructional design choices for a series of continuing professional development courses for physiotherapists in Rwanda. METHODS: Four phases of the project are described: (1) program proposal, needs assessment and planning, (2) organization of the program and instructional design, (3) instructional delivery and (4) evaluation...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320408/factors-of-physical-activity-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Congchao Lu, Ronald P Stolk, Pieter J J Sauer, Anna Sijtsma, Rikstje Wiersma, Guowei Huang, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Lack of physical activity is a growing problem in China, due to the fast economic development and changing living environment over the past two decades. The aim of this review is to summarize the factors related to physical activity in Chinese children and adolescents during this distinct period of development. METHODS: A systematic search was finished on Jan 10(th), 2017, and identified 2200 hits through PubMed and Web of Science. English-language published studies were included if they reported statistical associations between factors and physical activity...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320385/an-exploration-of-the-socio-economic-profile-of-women-and-costs-of-receiving-abortion-services-at-public-health-facilities-of-madhya-pradesh-india
#5
Sushanta K Banerjee, Rakesh Kumar, Janardan Warvadekar, Vinoj Manning, Kathryn Louise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality, which primarily burdens developing countries, reflects the greatest health divide between rich and poor. This is especially pronounced for access to safe abortion services which alone avert 1 of every 10 maternal deaths in India. Primarily due to confidentiality concerns, poor women in India prefer private services which are often offered by untrained providers and may be expensive. In 2006 the state government of Madhya Pradesh (population 73 million) began a concerted effort to ensure access to safe abortion services at public health facilities to both rural and urban poor women...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320207/examination-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-rurality-in-appalachian-children
#6
Christa L Lilly, Amna Umer, Lesley Cottrell, Lee Pyles, William Neal
INTRODUCTOIN: The prevalence of childhood cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors often increases in more rural geographic regions in the USA. However, research on the topic often has conflicting results. Researchers note differences in definitions of rurality and other factors that would lead to differences in inference, including appropriate use of statistical clustering analysis, representative data, and inclusion of individual-level covariates. The present study's objective was to examine CVD risk factors during childhood by geographic distribution in the US Appalachian region as a first step towards understanding the health disparities in this area...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319699/urdaibai-biosphere-reserve-biscay-spain-conservation-against-development
#7
Nekane Castillo-Eguskitza, Alejandro J Rescia, Miren Onaindia
The protected area approach has extended from conserving biodiversity to improving human well-being. However, the relationship between conservation and socioeconomic and cultural development continues to be controversial. This paper combines land use variables with socioeconomic and cultural variables through multivariate ordination analysis and evaluates their evolution in two areas inside and outside a Biosphere Reserve since the approval of the Governance Plan for Use and Management in the Reserve. The results indicate a similar tendency in the two areas, from the abandonment of traditional rural activities and decline in pine plantations to naturalness, urban sprawl and the growth of the tertiary economic sector, welfare indicators and sustainability index...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319582/trends-in-the-purchase-of-surgical-care-in-the-community-by-the-veterans-health-administration-va
#8
Amy K Rosen, William O'Brien, Qi Chen, Michael Shwartz, Kamal F M Itani, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: The 2014 implementation of the Veterans Choice Program increased opportunities for Veterans to receive care in the community. Although surgical care is a Veterans Health Administration (VA) priority, little is known about the types of surgeries provided in the VA versus those referred to community care (CC), and whether Veterans are increasing their use of surgical care through CC with these additional opportunities. OBJECTIVES: To examine national trends across VA facilities in the frequencies and types of surgeries provided in the VA and through CC, and explore the association between facilities' purchase of care with rurality and surgical complexity designation...
March 17, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318369/high-rate-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-hairdressers-in-ibadan-nigeria
#9
B A Olusola, E A Gometi, O Ogunsemowo, D O Olaleye, G N Odaibo
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem with over two billion people infected globally. Occupationally exposed persons are at high risk of HBV infection. Apart from medical personnel, there is dearth of information as regards the prevalence and awareness of HBV among occupationally exposed persons in the country. This study was designed to determine the levels of HBV awareness and prevalence of HBV infection among hairdressers in Ibadan, Nigeria. Hairdressers and teachers (unmatched controls) in four local government areas in Ibadan were tested for HBV infection using ELISA technique...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317128/comparison-of-dce-mri-kinetic-parameters-and-fmiso-pet-uptake-parameters-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#10
Urban Simoncic, Sara Leibfarth, Stefan Welz, Nina Schwenzer, Holger Schmidt, Gerald Reischl, Christina Pfannenberg, Christian la Fougère, Konstantin Nikolaou, Daniel Zips, Daniela Thorwarth
PURPOSE: Tumour hypoxia is a major cause of radiation resistance, often present in various solid tumours. Dynamic [(18) F]-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) PET imaging is able to reliably assess tumour hypoxia. Comprehensive characterization of tumour microenvironment through FMISO-PET and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MR multimodality imaging might be a valuable alternative to the dynamic FMISO-PET acquisition. The aim of this work was to explore the correlation between the FMISO-PET and DCE-MRI kinetic parameters...
March 20, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316364/the-short-term-impacts-of-development-induced-displacement-on-wealth-and-subjective-well-being-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#11
Heather Randell
Displacement due to development projects such as dams, mines, and urban infrastructure often leads to livelihood decline among affected communities. The challenge, therefore, lies in implementing projects that achieve national or regional development goals while also generating positive social and economic outcomes for displaced populations. This paper uses a longitudinal, mixed-methods design to understand the short-term changes in wealth and subjective well-being of households displaced due to construction of the Belo Monte Dam in the Brazilian Amazon...
November 2016: World Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315481/a-patient-advocate-to-facilitate-access-and-improve-communication-care-and-outcomes-in-adults-with-moderate-or-severe-asthma-rationale-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Andrea J Apter, Knashawn H Morales, Xiaoyan Han, Luzmercy Perez, Jingru Huang, Grace Ndicu, Anna Localio, Alyssa Nardi, Heather Klusaritz, Marisa Rogers, Alexis Phillips, Zuleyha Cidav, J Sanford Schwartz
Few interventions to improve asthma outcomes have targeted low-income minority adults. Even fewer have focused on the real-world practice where care is delivered. We adapted a patient navigator, here called a Patient Advocate (PA), a term preferred by patients, to facilitate and maintain access to chronic care for adults with moderate or severe asthma and prevalent co-morbidities recruited from clinics serving low-income urban neighborhoods. We describe the planning, design, methodology (informed by patient and provider focus groups), baseline results, and challenges of an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 312 adults of a PA intervention implemented in a variety of practices...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#13
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296523/the-brazilian-amazon-region-eye-survey-design-and-methods
#14
Solange R Salomão, João Marcello Furtado, Adriana Berezovsky, Nívea N Cavascan, Alberto N Ferraz, Jacob M Cohen, Sergio Muñoz, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To describe the study design, operational strategies, procedures, and baseline characteristics of the Brazilian Amazon Region Eye Survey (BARES), a population-based survey of the prevalence and causes of distance and near visual impairment and blindness in older adults residing in the city of Parintins. METHODS: Cluster sampling, based on geographically defined census sectors, was used for cross-sectional random sampling of persons 45 years and older from urban and rural areas...
March 15, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294365/prevalence-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-the-state-of-texas-as-assessed-by-phosphatidylethanol-in-newborn-dried-blood-spot-specimens
#15
Ludmila N Bakhireva, Janet Sharkis, Shikhar Shrestha, Tristan J Miranda-Sohrabji, Sonnie Williams, Rajesh C Miranda
BACKGROUND: While 2-5% of school-aged children in the U.S. are estimated to be affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), the prevalence of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) might be substantially under-reported. Our objective was to systematically estimate the prevalence of PAE in Texas by measuring a direct ethanol metabolite, phosphatidylethanol (PEth), in 1,000 infant residual dried blood spots (irDBS) in the Texas Newborn Screening Repository. METHODS: All Public Health Regions were represented proportional to their 2014 birth rate (~0...
March 13, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292802/role-of-family-physicians-in-an-urban-hospital-tracking-changes-between-1977-1997-and-2014
#16
Ieva Neimanis, Anne Woods, Angelo Zizzo, Robert Dickson, Richard Levy, Cindy Goebel, John Corsini, Sheri Burns, Kathryn Gaebel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in family doctors' attitudes about and participation in hospital activities and inpatient care in an urban hospital family medicine department from 1977 to 1997 and 2014. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. SETTING: The Department of Family Medicine at St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Family physicians affiliated with the Department of Family Medicine at St Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton were surveyed in 2014...
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292644/resilient-landscapes-in-mediterranean-urban-areas-understanding-factors-influencing-forest-trends
#17
Antonio Tomao, Valerio Quatrini, Piermaria Corona, Agostino Ferrara, Raffaele Lafortezza, Luca Salvati
Urban and peri-urban forests are recognized as basic elements for Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), as they preserve and may increase environmental quality in urbanized contexts. For this reason, the amount of forest land per inhabitant is a pivotal efficiency indicator to be considered in the sustainable governance, land management, planning and design of metropolitan areas. The present study illustrates a multivariate analysis of per-capita forest area (PFA) in mainland Attica, the urban region surrounding Athens, Greece...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291744/consequences-of-short-interruptions-of-bouts-of-walking-on-estimates-of-compliance-to-physical-activity-guidelines
#18
Juliet Ann Harvey, Danny Rafferty, Sebastien Chastin
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines on physical activity suggest that 30 mins of moderate intensity physical activity can be accumulated in continuous bouts of at least 10 mins. It has been shown by use of activity monitoring that it is difficult to achieve 10 mins of completely uninterrupted walking in the free-living urban environment where we have obstacles such as roads to cross. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of short interruptions in walking on the rate of oxygen uptake (ml·kg·min-1) to determine if walking with short interruptions can still be considered continuous...
March 14, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288627/a-protocol-for-the-methodological-steps-used-to-evaluate-the-alignment-of-rehabilitation-services-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-with-the-national-rehabilitation-policy
#19
Gubela Mji, Anthea Rhoda, Sue Statham, Conran Joseph
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation medicine plays an integral part in attainment of optimal functioning after injury or disease. The National Rehabilitation Policy of South Africa (NRP) (2000) highlights the need for access to professional health care services, redistribution and optimal utilisation of resources and research in the field of disability and rehabilitation. The government further ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2007), which validate the urgency in advancing the agenda of persons with disabilities...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288620/urban-health-extension-services-utilization-in-bishoftu-town-oromia-regional-state-central-ethiopia
#20
Ewunetu Aberra Gebreegziabher, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo, Mirkuzie Woldie Kerie
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has been deploying specially trained new cadres of community based health workers in urban areas of the country known as urban health extension professionals since 2009. At present, relatively little work has focused on understanding to what extent this new program is accepted and used by the community. METHODS: Both qualitative and quantitative surveys were performed from March 10, 2012 to March 25, 2012 to explore the utilization of urban health extension services in Bishoftu Town, Oromia regional state, Central Ethiopia using a cross sectional study design...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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