keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban design

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166266/application-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assays-for-the-detection-of-bovine-herpesvirus-1
#1
W Socha, J Rola, R Urban-Chmiel, J F Żmudziński
Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), a causative agent of Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), is responsible for high economic losses in cattle farming industry. The use of testing methods that allow early detection of BoHV-1-infected animals is a key element of each program of IBR eradication. The aim of the study was to design and evaluate two variants of LAMP isothermal tests with SYBR Green fluorescence probes, specific to the genes encoding gD and gE glycoproteins of BoHV-1. LAMP gE BoHV-1 assay was able to distinguish between gE- and gE+ strains of the virus...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166134/injection-partners-hcv-and-hiv-status-among-rural-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-puerto-rico
#2
Patrick Habecker, Roberto Abadie, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Juan Carlos Reyes, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV among persons who inject drugs (PWID) and the ability of these diseases to spread through injection networks are well documented in urban areas. However, less is known about injection behaviors in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This study focuses on the association between the number of self-reported injection partners with the PWID's self-reported HCV and HIV status. Injection networks provide paths for infection and information to flow, and are important to consider when developing prevention and intervention strategies...
November 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165141/association-between-perceived-neighborhood-environment-and-health-of-middle-aged-women-living-in-rapidly-changing-urban-mongolia
#3
Tserendulam Shagdarsuren, Keiko Nakamura, Layla McCay
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in rapidly urbanizing Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, to examine patterns of perceived neighborhood quality by residents and the associations between these patterns and self-reported general and mental health in middle-aged women. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to 960 women aged 40-60 years. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics, subjects' perception of their neighborhood environment, general health status, and mental health as measured using a 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) were reported...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164536/particle-size-distribution-predicts-particulate-phosphorus-removal
#4
Mark River, Curtis J Richardson
Particulate phosphorus (PP) is often the largest component of the total phosphorus (P) load in stormwater. Fine-resolution measurement of particle sizes allows us to investigate the mechanisms behind the removal of PP in stormwater wetlands, since the diameter of particles influences the settling velocity and the amount of sorbed P on a particle. In this paper, we present a novel method to estimate PP, where we measure and count individual particles in stormwater and use the total surface area as a proxy for PP...
November 21, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164137/urban-livestock-keeping-in-the-city-of-nairobi-diversity-of-production-systems-supply-chains-and-their-disease-management-and-risks
#5
Pablo Alarcon, Eric M Fèvre, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K Murungi, Stella Kiambi, James Akoko, Jonathan Rushton
Urban livestock keeping in developing cities have an important role in food security and livelihoods but can also pose a significant threat to the environment and health of urban dwellers. The aim of this study was to identify the different livestock systems in Nairobi, their supply chains, and their management and food safety risks. Seven focus group discussions with livestock production officers in charge of each major Nairobi sub-county were conducted. Data were collected on the type of systems existing for each livestock species and their supply chains, disease management, food safety risks, and general husbandry and gender factors...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161902/organizational-level-recruitment-of-barbershops-as-health-promotion-intervention-study-sites-addressing-health-disparities-among-black-men
#6
Sula Hood, Marla Hall, Carrissa Dixon, David Jolly, Laura Linnan
This article describes the process and results associated with the organizational-level recruitment of Black barbershops into Fitness in the Shop (FITShop), a 6-month barbershop-based intervention study designed to promote physical activity among Black men. Organizational-level recruitment activities included (1) a telephone call to prospective barbershop owners to assess their interest and eligibility for participation, (2) an organizational eligibility letter sent to all interested and eligible barbershops, (3) a visit to interested and eligible barbershops, where a culturally sensitive informational video was shown to barbershop owners to describe the study activities and share testimonies from trusted community stakeholders, and (4) a signed agreement with barbershop owners and barbers, which formalized the organizational partnership...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161850/preface
#7
Daozhou Gao, Shigui Ruan, Jifa Jiang
In the new century, with rapid population growth, large-scale urbanization, global warming and many other factors, we are facing unprecedented ecological, health, social, and other challenges and issues. These include biological invasion, environmental degradation, sharp increase in cancer morbidity, high frequency of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, which pose a grave threat to biological diversity, public health, economic development and so on. Based on the solid research in population dynamics and disease dynamics, mathematical modeling, analysis and simulation have been widely used over the past decades to study various problems in life sciences and medicine, from the expression of gene sequence to the pathogenesis of cancer, from the control of molecular organisms to the resistance of bacteria and viruses, from immune response to diseases to the design and evaluation of treatments, and so on...
October 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161256/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-early-antiretroviral-treatment-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-africa-results-from-a-prospective-observational-demonstration-project
#8
Robyn Eakle, Gabriela B Gomez, Niven Naicker, Rutendo Bothma, Judie Mbogua, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Elaine Saayman, Michelle Moorhouse, W D Francois Venter, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: Operational research is required to design delivery of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and early antiretroviral treatment (ART). This paper presents the primary analysis of programmatic data, as well as demographic, behavioural, and clinical data, from the TAPS Demonstration Project, which offered both interventions to female sex workers (FSWs) at 2 urban clinic sites in South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The TAPS study was conducted between 30 March 2015 and 30 June 2017, with the enrolment period ending on 31 July 2016...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#9
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158658/examining-neighborhood-social-cohesion-in-the-context-of-community-based-participatory-research-descriptive-findings-from-an-academic-community-partnership
#10
Lori Brand Bateman, Mona N Fouad, Bianca Hawk, Tiffany Osborne, Sejong Bae, Sequoya Eady, Joanice Thompson, Wendy Brantley, Lovie Crawford, Laura Heider, Yu-Mei M Schoenberger
Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe the process of conducting an assessment of neighborhood perceptions and cohesion by a community coalition-academic team created in the context of community-based participatory research (CBPR), to guide the design of locally relevant health initiatives. Methods: Guided by CBPR principles, a collaborative partnership was established between an academic center and a local, urban, underserved neighborhood in Birmingham, Alabama to identify and address community concerns and priorities...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158421/urban-rural-comparisons-in-hospital-admission-treatments-and-outcomes-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-china-from-2001-to-2011-a-retrospective-analysis-from-the-china-peace-study-patient-centered-evaluative-assessment-of-cardiac-events
#11
Xi Li, Karthik Murugiah, Jing Li, Frederick A Masoudi, Paul S Chan, Shuang Hu, John A Spertus, Yongfei Wang, Nicholas S Downing, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: In response to urban-rural disparities in healthcare resources, China recently launched a healthcare reform with a focus on improving rural care during the past decade. However, nationally representative studies comparing medical care and patient outcomes between urban and rural areas in China during this period are not available. METHODS AND RESULTS: We created a nationally representative sample of patients in China admitted for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction in 2001, 2006, and 2011, using a 2-stage random sampling design in 2 urban and 3 rural strata...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157567/expanding-collaborative-boundaries-in-nursing-education-and-practice-the-nurse-practitioner-dentist-model-for-primary-care
#12
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Chantelle Marshall, Christine A Riedy, Lisa E Simon, Jane Barrow, Catherine R Ramos, John D DaSilva
The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and implementation of a novel interprofessional collaborative practice education program for nurse practitioner and dental students, the Nurse Practitioner-Dentist Model for Primary Care (NPD Program). The NPD Program expands collaborative boundaries in advanced practice nursing by integrating primary care within an academic dental practice. The dental practice is located in a large, urban city in the Northeast United States and provides comprehensive dental services to vulnerable and underserved patients across the age spectrum...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156268/use-of-a-handheld-low-cost-sensor-to-explore-the-effect-of-urban-design-features-on-local-scale-spatial-and-temporal-air-quality-variability
#13
Georgia Miskell, Jennifer A Salmond, David E Williams
Portable low-cost instruments have been validated and used to measure ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) at multiple sites over a small urban area with 20min time resolution. We use these results combined with land use regression (LUR) and rank correlation methods to explore the effects of traffic, urban design features, and local meteorology and atmosphere chemistry on small-scale spatio-temporal variations. We measured NO2 at 45 sites around the downtown area of Vancouver, BC, in spring 2016, and constructed four different models: i) a model based on averaging concentrations observed at each site over the whole measurement period, and separate temporal models for ii) morning, iii) midday, and iv) afternoon...
November 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156256/effects-of-ambient-temperature-on-lung-function-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-time-series-panel-study
#14
Zhijing Lin, Yutong Gu, Cong Liu, Yuanlin Song, Chunxue Bai, Renjie Chen, Shujing Chen, Haidong Kan
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence concerns the associations between ambient temperature and lung function and the results are mixed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between temperature variations and daily fluctuations in pulmonary function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHODS: We designed a time-series panel study of 28 male urban COPD patients with repeated daily lung function measurements from December 2012 to May 2013 in Shanghai, China...
November 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153454/beliefs-and-perceptions-of-mentorship-among-nursing-faculty-and-traditional-and-accelerated-undergraduate-nursing-students
#15
Ann-Margaret Navarra, Amy Witkoski Stimpfel, Karla Rodriguez, Fidelindo Lim, Noreen Nelson, Larry Z Slater
BACKGROUND: In order to meet the demands of a dynamic and complex health care landscape, nursing education must develop and implement programming to produce a highly educated nursing workforce. Interprofessional honors education in nursing with targeted mentorship is one such model. PURPOSE: To describe undergraduate nursing student and faculty perceptions and beliefs of mentorship in the context of interprofessional honors education, and compare and contrast the perceptions and beliefs about mentorship in interprofessional honors education between undergraduate nursing students and faculty...
November 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153179/a-100-year-review-a-century-of-dairy-processing-advancements-pasteurization-cleaning-and-sanitation-and-sanitary-equipment-design
#16
S A Rankin, R L Bradley, G Miller, K B Mildenhall
Over the past century, advancements within the mainstream dairy foods processing industry have acted in complement with other dairy-affiliated industries to produce a human food that has few rivals with regard to safety, nutrition, and sustainability. These advancements, such as milk pasteurization, may appear commonplace in the context of a modern dairy processing plant, but some consideration of how these advancements came into being serve as a basis for considering what advancements will come to bear on the next century of processing advancements...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152438/barriers-to-timely-completion-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-center
#17
Justin Cohen, Amy Harper, Elizabeth M Nichols, Gautam G Rao, Pranshu Mohindra, Dana Marie Roque
Background In 2017, there will be an estimated 12,820 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States, causing an estimation of 4,210 deaths. Among U.S. women, there is a 33% greater incidence and 71% higher cervical cancer mortality in high-poverty counties when compared to low-income counties [1]. In those dispositioned to chemoradiation, treatment time of less than eight weeks is associated with compromised pelvic control. We sought to identify patient or disease characteristics and socioeconomic or psychosocial barriers that contribute to delays in treatment completion in order to formulate new policies to address these needs...
September 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152029/portable-detection-of-trace-metals-in-airborne-particulates-and-sediments-via-%C3%AE-pads-and-smartphone
#18
Yuan Jia, Hui Dong, Jianping Zheng, Hao Sun
Particulate matter (PM), a key indicator of air pollution by natural and anthropogenic activities, contributes to a wide spectrum of diseases that lead to a shortening of life expectancy. It has been recognized that trace metals in airborne PM are highly toxic and can be correlated with lesion in respiratory, gastrointestinal, immunological, and hematological systems. Traditional methods for trace metal assay require sophisticated instrumentations and highly trained operators in centralized laboratories. In this work, by integrating the technologies of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices, additive manufacturing, smartphone, and colorimetric sensing, we developed the first smartphone based paper microfluidic platform for portable, disposable, and quantitative measurements of cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), and iron (Fe) in ambient air and street sediments...
November 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147471/experience-with-ceftaroline-for-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia-in-a-community-hospital
#19
Apurwa Karki, Craig Thurm, Kelly Cervellione
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an organism causing significant mortality and morbidity with nosocomial infections. Ceftaroline is a new cephalosporin antibiotic that has activity against MRSA. In the USA, this antibiotic has not been approved for use in pneumonia caused by MRSA. Objectives: To review the use of ceftaroline in MRSA pneumonia in a US hospital and evaluate its clinical success. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in an urban community hospital assessing the use of ceftaroline for MRSA pneumonia...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145055/urban-stormwater-characterisation-and-nitrogen-composition-from-lot-scale-catchments-new-management-implications
#20
REVIEW
Terry Lucke, Darren Drapper, Andy Hornbuckle
Stormwater runoff from urban areas has been shown to contain a variety of pollutants which are often linked to the specific land use of the catchment. This research program investigated the pollutant concentrations in stormwater runoff from several sites in South-east Queensland (SEQ), in Australia. The study sites are predominantly single development lots, under 7.5hectares (Ha) in area, with a single land-use classification that have been developed with stormwater treatment measures to manage pollutant loads as required by local regulations...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
56512
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"