keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban design

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932929/a-systematic-florula-of-a-disturbed-urban-habitat-pavements-of-sheffield-england
#1
Oliver L Pescott
BACKGROUND: Human settlements are of increasing interest to ecologists, a fact demonstrated by the recent cluster of book-length treatments of the topic (Forman 2008, McDonnell et al. 2009, Gaston 2010, Niemelä et al. 2011, Wilson 2011, Forman 2014). The natural world as a fascinating feature of towns and cities has a much longer history (e.g. Fitter 1945), and has also played a strong part in local biological conservation in some countries over the late 20th Century (Goode 2014​)...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931248/postpartum-depression-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-a-low-income-urban-settlement-in-nairobi-kenya
#2
Beatrice A Madeghe, Violet N Kimani, Ann Vander Stoep, Semret Nicodimos, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression can compromise caregiving activities, including infant feeding practices, resulting in child malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of postpartum depression on infant feeding practices and malnutrition among women in an urban low income settlement in Nairobi-Kenya. We conducted a cross-sectional study based in Kariobangi North Health Centre in Nairobi County. The study sample included 200 mother-infant pairs visiting the Maternal and Child Health clinics for infant immunization at 6-14 weeks postpartum...
December 8, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931234/patterns-and-determinants-of-malaria-risk-in-urban-and-peri-urban-areas-of-blantyre-malawi
#3
Don P Mathanga, Atupele Kapito Tembo, Themba Mzilahowa, Andy Bauleni, Kondwani Mtimaukenena, Terrie E Taylor, Clarissa Valim, Edward D Walker, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although malaria disease in urban and peri-urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa is a growing concern, the epidemiologic patterns and drivers of transmission in these settings remain poorly understood. Factors associated with variation in malaria risk in urban and peri-urban areas were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A health facility-based, age and location-matched, case-control study of children 6-59 months of age was conducted in four urban and two peri-urban health facilities (HF) of Blantyre city, Malawi...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930659/bee-inspired-novel-optimization-algorithm-and-mathematical-model-for-effective-and-efficient-route-planning-in-railway-system
#4
Kah Huo Leong, Hamzah Abdul-Rahman, Chen Wang, Chiu Chuen Onn, Siaw-Chuing Loo
Railway and metro transport systems (RS) are becoming one of the popular choices of transportation among people, especially those who live in urban cities. Urbanization and increasing population due to rapid development of economy in many cities are leading to a bigger demand for urban rail transit. Despite being a popular variant of Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP), it appears that the universal formula or techniques to solve the problem are yet to be found. This paper aims to develop an optimization algorithm for optimum route selection to multiple destinations in RS before returning to the starting point...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927217/an-assessment-of-the-effect-of-user-fee-policy-reform-on-facility-based-deliveries-in-rural-zambia
#5
Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Steven Fredric Koch
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health outcomes by reducing barriers to accessing maternal health services is a key goal for most developing countries. This paper analyses the effect of user fee removal, which was announced for rural areas of Zambia in April 2006, on the use of public health facilities for childbirth. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey, including birth histories for the five years preceding the survey, is linked to administrative data and geo-referenced health facility census data...
December 7, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927034/addressing-challenges-for-youths-with-mobility-devices-in-winter-conditions
#6
Ernesto Morales, Sally Lindsay, Geoffrey Edwards, Lori Howell, Claude Vincent, Nicole Yantzi, Véronique Gauthier
PURPOSE: Winter-related research about the experience of navigating in the urban context has mostly focused on the elderly population with physical disabilities. The aim of this project was to explore potential design solutions to enhance young people's mobility devices and the built environment to improve accessibility and participation in winter. METHODS: A multi-method qualitative design process included the following steps: (1) in-depth interviews; (2) photo elicitation; (3) individual co-design sessions; and (4) group co-design sessions (i...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925422/preventing-hospital-acquired-venous-thromboembolism-improving-patient-safety-with-interdisciplinary-teamwork-quality-improvement-analytics-and-data-transparency
#7
REVIEW
Anneliese M Schleyer, Ellen Robinson, Roxana Dumitru, Mark Taylor, Kimberly Hayes, Ronald Pergamit, Daphne M Beingessner, Mark C Zaros, Joseph Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) is a potentially preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite high rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in accordance with an institutional guideline, VTE remains the most common hospital-acquired condition in our institution. OBJECTIVE: To improve the safety of all hospitalized patients, examine current VTE prevention practices, identify opportunities for improvement, and decrease rates of HA-VTE...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923550/treatment-design-and-rationale-for-a-randomized-trial-of-cisplatin-and-etoposide-plus-thoracic-radiotherapy-followed-by-nivolumab-or-placebo-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-rtog-3505
#8
David E Gerber, James J Urbanic, Corey Langer, Chen Hu, I-Fen Chang, Bo Lu, Benjamin Movsas, Robert Jeraj, Walter J Curran, Jeffrey D Bradley
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 3505 is a randomized phase 3 study of concurrent chemoradiation followed by immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy or placebo in patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with surgically unresectable stage 3 NSCLC will receive thoracic radiotherapy to 60 Gy with concurrent cisplatin 50 mg/m(2) intravenously (I.V.) on days 1, 8, 29, and 36, and etoposide 50 mg/m(2) I.V. on days 1 to 5 and days 29 to 33. Between 4 and 12 weeks after completion of concurrent chemoradiation, eligible patients will be randomized to the anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody nivolumab 240 mg I...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923419/clostridium-difficile-in-an-urban-university-affiliated-long-term-acute-care-hospital
#9
Jerry Jacob, Jingwei Wu, Jennifer Han, Deborah B Nelson
OBJECTIVES To describe the characteristics and impact of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in a long-term acute-care hospital (LTACH). DESIGN Retrospective matched cohort study. SETTING A 38-bed, urban, university-affiliated LTACH. METHODS The characteristics of LTACH-onset CDI were assessed among patients hospitalized between July 2008 and October 2015. Patients with CDI were matched to concurrently hospitalized patients without a diagnosis of CDI. Severe CDI was defined as CDI with 2 or more of the following criteria: age ≥65 years, serum creatinine ≥2 mg/dL, or peripheral leukocyte count ≥20,000 cells/μL...
December 7, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923361/epidemiology-of-breast-cancer-retrospective-study-in-the-central-african-republic
#10
Augustin Balekouzou, Ping Yin, Christian Maucler Pamatika, Ghose Bishwajit, Sylvain Wilfrid Nambei, Marceline Djeintote, Barbara Esther Ouansaba, Chang Shu, Minghui Yin, Zhen Fu, Tingting Qing, Mingming Yan, Yuanli Chen, Hongyu Li, Zhongyu Xu, Boniface Koffi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is recognised as a major public health problem in developing countries; however, there is very limited evidence about its epidemiology in the Central African Republic. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and histopathological characteristics of breast cancer in Bangui. METHODS: This is a retrospective study based on the data collected from pathological anatomy records from 2003 to 2015 in Bangui. A questionnaire was designed to collect information and data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918864/comparison-of-emergency-medical-services-and-trauma-care-systems-among-pan-asian-countries-an-international-multicenter-population-based-survey
#11
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917617/chronic-oedema-a-prevalent-health-care-problem-for-uk-health-services
#12
Christine J Moffatt, Vaughan Keeley, Peter J Franks, Anna Rich, Lorraine L Pinnington
Chronic oedema (CO) is a major clinical problem worldwide, which has many important secondary consequences for health, activity and participation. Effective treatment planning and organisation of services is dependent on an understanding of the condition and its epidemiology. This cross-sectional study was designed to estimate the point prevalence of CO within the health services of one UK urban population and to determine the proportions that have concurrent leg ulceration. Patients with CO in all anatomic sites were ascertained by health care professionals in one acute and one community hospital, all relevant outpatient and community nursing services, general practices and all nursing/residential homes in one urban catchment area (Derby City)...
December 4, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917092/colorectal-cancer-screening-navigation-for-the-underserved-experience-of-an-urban-program
#13
Alicia Lamanna, Heather Sheaffer, Carmen Guerra, Michael Kochman
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Although colorectal cancer screenings are effective and recommended by all clinical practice guidelines, only 65.7% of adults ages 50 to 75 years are screened. Colorectal cancer screening is disproportionately underutilized in inner city populations. In 2011, the University of Pennsylvania Health System created a navigation program to specifically address poor colorectal cancer screening rates and increase access to colorectal cancer screening colonoscopies for patients in the underserved areas of West, South, and Southwest Philadelphia...
September 2016: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914258/centralised-decentralised-or-hybrid-sanitation-systems-economic-evaluation-under-urban-development-uncertainty-and-phased-expansion
#14
Ivar Roefs, Brendo Meulman, Jan H G Vreeburg, Marc Spiller
Sanitation systems are built to be robust, that is, they are dimensioned to cope with population growth and other variability that occurs throughout their lifetime. It was recently shown that building sanitation systems in phases is more cost effective than one robust design. This phasing can take place by building small autonomous decentralised units that operate closer to the actual demand. Research has shown that variability and uncertainty in urban development does affect the cost effectiveness of this approach...
November 23, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913084/quality-of-communication-about-medicines-in-united-states-hospitals-a-national-retrospective-study
#15
Lauren Mullings, Jayashri Sankaranarayanan
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of improving transitions across care, literature is very limited on inpatient "Communication about Medicines" (ComMed) by staff across United States (U.S.) hospitals. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate ComMed quality variations by hospital characteristics. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, retrospective study of publicly available U.S. Medicare's Hospital Consumer Assessment of Health Care Plans Survey (HCAHPS) data (January 2013-September 2014), ComMed quality (high = above average/excellent vs...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912135/attenuating-the-surface-urban-heat-island-within-the-local-thermal-zones-through-land-surface-modification
#16
Jiong Wang, Wanlu Ouyang
Inefficient mitigation of excessive heat is attributed to the discrepancy between the scope of climate research and conventional planning practice. This study approaches this problem at both domains. Generally, the study, on one hand, claims that the climate research of the temperature phenomenon should be at local scale, where implementation of planning and design strategies can be more feasible. On the other hand, the study suggests that the land surface factors should be organized into zones or patches, which conforms to the urban planning and design manner...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909849/monitoring-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-from-tertiary-wastewater-treatment-plants-using-passive-sampling-modelled-with-performance-reference-compounds
#17
Tamanna Sultana, Craig Murray, M Ehsanul Hoque, Chris D Metcalfe
The Lake Simcoe watershed in Ontario, Canada is an important recreational area and a recharge zone for groundwater resources. Lake Simcoe is a relatively shallow lotic system that has been impacted by urban development, recreation, industry and agriculture. As part of a watershed management plan, six wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in this catchment basin were selected to measure the inputs of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) of wastewater origin. These WWTPs were recently upgraded to tertiary treatment for phosphorus removal...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908752/n-propargylpiperidines-with-naphthalene-2-carboxamide-or-naphthalene-2-sulfonamide-moieties-potential-multifunctional-anti-alzheimer-s-agents
#18
Urban Košak, Damijan Knez, Nicolas Coquelle, Boris Brus, Anja Pišlar, Florian Nachon, Xavier Brazzolotto, Janko Kos, Jacques-Philippe Colletier, Stanislav Gobec
In the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, the enzymatic activities of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) are increased. While BChE is a viable therapeutic target for alleviation of symptoms caused by cholinergic hypofunction, MAO-B is a potential therapeutic target for prevention of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Starting with piperidine-based selective human (h)BChE inhibitors and propargylamine-based MAO inhibitors, we have designed, synthesized and biochemically evaluated a series of N-propargylpiperidines...
November 19, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908569/effectiveness-of-immunotherapy-in-children-depends-on-place-of-living-a-pilot-study
#19
M Pawlowski, J Jerzynska, D Podlecka, W Stelmach, P Majak, I Stelmach
BACKGROUND: It is considered that farm areas protect young patients from allergy and asthma due to high exposure to endotoxins. Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is the only treatment of allergy modifying the immune response with the potential to change the natural history of allergic diseases. It seems that studies evaluating the efficacy of immunotherapy in large cohorts of allergic patients living in farm areas are needed to understand the influence of environment on immune response during AIT...
November 28, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907252/residential-yards-as-designer-ecosystems-effects-of-yard%C3%A2-management-on-land-snail-species-composition
#20
Elizabeth A Bergey, Laura L Figueroa
Residential yards comprise the majority of green space in urban landscapes, yet are an understudied system because of access issues and because yards may be considered biologically depauperate. Yards are purposely created and managed and, hence, qualify as designer ecosystems, a term borrowed from restoration ecology. We investigated whether yard management (watering regime, mulching, and chemical use) or dog presence affected land snail assemblage composition and described the pattern of native vs. nonnative species among yards...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
keyword
keyword
56512
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"