keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urban design

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#1
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528464/evidence-based-identification-of-key-beliefs-explaining-infant-male-circumcision-motivation-among-expectant-parents-in-zimbabwe-targets-for-behavior-change-messaging
#2
Daniel E Montaño, Mufuta Tshimanga, Deven T Hamilton, Gerald Gorn, Danuta Kasprzyk
Slow adult male circumcision uptake is one factor leading some to recommend increased priority for infant male circumcision (IMC) in sub-Saharan African countries. This research, guided by the integrated behavioral model (IBM), was carried out to identify key beliefs that best explain Zimbabwean parents' motivation to have their infant sons circumcised. A quantitative survey, designed from qualitative elicitation study results, was administered to independent representative samples of 800 expectant mothers and 795 expectant fathers in two urban and two rural areas in Zimbabwe...
May 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528275/it-is-not-all-bad-for-the-grey-city-a-crossover-study-on-physiological-and-psychological-restoration-in-a-forest-and-an-urban-environment
#3
Ulrika K Stigsdotter, Sus Sola Corazon, Ulrik Sidenius, Jesper Kristiansen, Patrik Grahn
Today, urbanization presents a challenge to urban planning with regard to creating healthy living environments. The aim of this research is to gain further knowledge of the restorativeness of a best case urban and natural environment: that is a historic down town urban environment and forest environment located in an arboretum. The study has a cross-over design where 51 (N) female university students are exposed to the two environments through both seated viewing and walking. A mixed method approach is used with both physiological measurements of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) and psychological measurements of mood change and perceived restorativeness...
May 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527737/the-rain-watered-lawn-informing-effective-lawn-watering-behavior
#4
Felicia D Survis, Tara L Root
Water restrictions are a common municipal water conservation strategy to manage outdoor water demand, which generally represents more than 50% of total urban-suburban water use. Although water restrictions are designed to limit the frequency of lawn watering, they do not always result in actual water savings. The project described here tested a weather-based add-on water conservation strategy in a South Florida suburban community to determine if it promoted more effective lawn watering behavior than mandatory water restrictions alone...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#5
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526028/move-the-neighbourhood-study-design-of-a-community-based-participatory-public-open-space-intervention-in-a-danish-deprived-neighbourhood-to-promote-active-living
#6
Charlotte Skau Pawlowski, Laura Winge, Sidse Carroll, Tanja Schmidt, Anne Margrethe Wagner, Kamilla Pernille Johansen Nørtoft, Bettina Lamm, René Kural, Jasper Schipperijn, Jens Troelsen
BACKGROUND: A limited amount of research has examined the effect of changing public open spaces on active living. This paper will present the study protocol of a community-based intervention study co-designed in an interdisciplinary collaboration with community members to develop urban installations highly tailored to promote active living among children (10-13-years-old) and seniors (>60-years-old) in a deprived neighbourhood in Copenhagen. METHODS: The study builds on a quasi-experimental study design with two sub-studies: 1) a children study and 2) a senior study...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516280/optimization-of-an-ultrasound-assisted-derivatization-for-gc-ms-analysis-of-oxygenated-organic-species-in-atmospheric-aerosol
#8
Maria Chiara Pietrogrande, Francesco Manarini, José Benito Quintana, Rosario Rodil, Eugenia Villaverde-de-Sáa, Marco Visentin
A novel ultrasound-assisted derivatization followed by GC/MS analysis was developed for the quantification of oxygenated organic species in ambient aerosol. Derivatization parameters mostly influencing the analytical response were investigated, i.e., solvent type, reagent concentration, and reaction duration. Response surface methodology was used to design experiments and a quadratic model was utilized to predict the variables and establish the optimal conditions. The study was performed on standard solutions of 30 compounds representing the major classes of oxygenated compounds typically found in ambient aerosol, i...
May 18, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514696/alcohol-use-disorders-in-iran-prevalence-symptoms-correlates-and-comorbidity
#9
Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Vandad Sharifi, Ahmad Hajebi, Ramin Mojtabai, Reza Radgoodarzi, Mitra Hefazi, Abbas Motevalian
BACKGROUND: For nearly four decades, alcohol production and consumption has been banned in the Islamic country of Iran. However, little is known about the extent of alcohol use and associated problems in the country. The paper aims to present findings on the 12-month prevalence, symptoms, severity, correlates, and comorbidity of alcohol use disorders in the Iranian population. METHODS: This report is based on the 2011 Iranian household Mental Health survey (IranMHS), a nationally representative face-to-face household survey with a multi-stage, cluster sampling design...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511878/epidemiological-multicentre-study-on-the-education-provided-to-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-spanish-health-care-system-the-forma2-study
#10
J A García-Donaire, J Franch-Nadal, P Rodríguez-Fortúnez, E Labrador-Barba, M L Orera-Peña, M Rodríguez de Miguel
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to characterize the education that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receive, and to identify differences as regards the presence of insulin therapy or not. METHODS: This crossover, multicentre and descriptive study involved 1066 Spanish physicians who completed a questionnaire on Internet. RESULTS: The physicians that responded had a mean of 26.0 years of experience in healthcare, and mainly worked in a walk-in clinic in an urban area...
May 13, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511414/a-community-based-study-on-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-postmenopausal-females-microbiological-spectrum-and-socio-demographic-correlates
#12
Samreen Khan, M Athar Ansari, Shaista M Vasenwala, Zehra Mohsin
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases in young women but is rarely diagnosed in the postmenopausal women. Very few studies have been done regarding post-menopausal PID. AIM: To determine the burden of PID, associated micro-organisms, pathophysiology and risk factors among post-menopausal women of the community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 530 post-menopausal women in the registered field practice areas of the JN Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511413/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-sex-education-among-school-going-adolescents-in-ambala-district-haryana-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Randhir Kumar, Anmol Goyal, Parmal Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Anshu Mittal, Sachin Singh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a highly dynamic period characterised by rapid growth and development. Adolescents have limited knowledge about sexual and reproduction health, and know little about the natural processes of puberty, sexual health, pregnancy or reproduction. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process beginning in childhood and continuing into adult life, because it is lifelong process. AIM: This study was carried out to identify the knowledge and attitude of imparting sex education in school going adolescents in rural and urban area of Ambala district...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509397/sex-differences-in-metabolic-risk-indicator-of-dementia-in-an-elderly-urban-korean-population-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yeon-Ha Kim, Nam Hoon Kim, Moon-Hee Jung, Hee-Jin Kim
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the age-specific prevalence of dementia, and develop a metabolic risk indicator for dementia according to sex. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2007 through December 2012 with 19 935 elderly participants in metropolitan Seoul, Korea. Multiphase assessments were used to measure metabolic risk factors and confirm dementia according to sex. Specifically, multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify how elderly men and women differed in regard to metabolic risk indicators of dementia...
May 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506288/visualizing-statistical-significance-of-disease-clusters-using-cartograms
#15
Barry J Kronenfeld, David W S Wong
BACKGROUND: Health officials and epidemiological researchers often use maps of disease rates to identify potential disease clusters. Because these maps exaggerate the prominence of low-density districts and hide potential clusters in urban (high-density) areas, many researchers have used density-equalizing maps (cartograms) as a basis for epidemiological mapping. However, we do not have existing guidelines for visual assessment of statistical uncertainty. To address this shortcoming, we develop techniques for visual determination of statistical significance of clusters spanning one or more districts on a cartogram...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505886/modeling-carbon-emissions-from-urban-traffic-system-using-mobile-monitoring
#16
Daniel Jian Sun, Ying Zhang, Rui Xue, Yi Zhang
Comprehensive analyses of urban traffic carbon emissions are critical in achieving low-carbon transportation. This paper started from the architecture design of a carbon emission mobile monitoring system using multiple sets of equipment and collected the corresponding data about traffic flow, meteorological conditions, vehicular carbon emissions and driving characteristics on typical roads in Shanghai and Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Based on these data, the emission model MOVES was calibrated and used with various sensitivity and correlation evaluation indices to analyze the traffic carbon emissions at microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic levels, respectively...
May 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504893/dual-inhibitors-of-cholinesterases-and-monoamine-oxidases-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Damijan Knez, Matej Sova, Urban Košak, Stanislav Gobec
Accumulating evidence indicates a solid relationship between several enzymes and Alzheimer's disease. Cholinesterases and monoamine oxidases are closely associated with the disease symptomatology and progression and have been tackled simultaneously using several multifunctional ligands. This design strategy offers great chances to alter the course of Alzheimer's disease, in addition to alleviation of the symptoms. More than 15 years of research has led to the identification of various dual cholinesterase/monoamine oxidase inhibitors, while some showing positive outcomes in clinical trials, thus giving rise to additional research efforts in the field...
May 15, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503158/image-feature-types-and-their-predictions-of-aesthetic-preference-and-naturalness
#18
Frank F Ibarra, Omid Kardan, MaryCarol R Hunter, Hiroki P Kotabe, Francisco A C Meyer, Marc G Berman
Previous research has investigated ways to quantify visual information of a scene in terms of a visual processing hierarchy, i.e., making sense of visual environment by segmentation and integration of elementary sensory input. Guided by this research, studies have developed categories for low-level visual features (e.g., edges, colors), high-level visual features (scene-level entities that convey semantic information such as objects), and how models of those features predict aesthetic preference and naturalness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501394/-changes-in-hazardous-drinking-in-spanish-adolescent-population-in-the-last-decade-2004-2013-using-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-design
#19
Alejandro Pérez-Milena, Manuel de Dios Redondo-Olmedilla, María Luz Martínez-Fernández, Idoia Jiménez-Pulido, Inmaculada Mesa-Gallardo, Francisco Javier Leal-Helmling
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in hazardous drinking in adolescents in the last decade, as well as their motivations and experiences. DESIGN: Firstly, a descriptive design using a self-report questionnaire, and secondly an explanatory qualitative design, with video recordings of discussion groups with content analysis (coding, triangulation of categories and verification of results). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pupils from an urban High School, administering a questionnaire every 3 years from 2004 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499436/inequality-in-healthcare-costs-between-residing-and-non-residing-patients-evidence-from-vietnam
#20
Hieu M Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Place of residence has been shown to impact health. To date, however, previous studies have only focused on the variability in health outcomes and healthcare costs between urban and rural patients. This study takes a different approach and investigates cost inequality facing non-residing patients - patients who do not reside in the regions in which the hospitals are located. Understanding the sources for this inequality is important, as they are directly related to healthcare accessibility in developing countries...
May 12, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
keyword
keyword
56512
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"