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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332061/design-and-implementation-of-an-advanced-telemedicine-model-for-the-rural-people-of-bangladesh
#1
Uzzal Kumar Prodhan, Mohammad Zahidur Rahman, Israt Jahan
OBJECTIVES: Telemedicine based healthcare service faces different difficulties especially in the remote people of Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to implement an advanced telemedicine model in order to provide the healthcare services for the rural people of Bangladesh. METHODS: We developed the telemedicine model using an ardunio based low cost portable telemedicine tool kit by interfacing android application. Then we collected ECG, blood pressure, temperature, concentration of glucose in blood, SPO2, body position, airflow, height and weight through our developed model...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329940/cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-persons-living-with-hiv-treatment-development-feasibility-and-preliminary-results
#2
Patricia A Cioe, Kate M Guthrie, Matthew S Freiberg, David M Williams, Christopher W Kahler
Persons living with HIV (PLWH) have elevated risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our goal was to develop and pilot test a tailored intervention to improve CVD risk perception and the adoption of heart-healthy behaviors. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 PLWH participants to examine learning needs and preferences. An intervention manual was developed and tested in an open pilot with eight participants. Participants were stable on antiretroviral therapy and were recruited from two urban HIV clinics in the northeastern United States...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328547/blow-flies-as-urban-wildlife-sensors
#3
Constanze Hoffmann, Kevin Merkel, Andreas Sachse, Pablo Rodríguez, Fabian H Leendertz, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer
Wildlife detection in urban areas is very challenging. Conventional monitoring techniques such as direct observation are faced with the limitation that urban wildlife is extremely elusive. It was recently shown that invertebrate-derived DNA (iDNA) can be used to assess wildlife diversity in tropical rainforests. Flies, which are ubiquitous and very abundant in most cities, may also be used to detect wildlife in urban areas. In urban ecosystems, however, overwhelming quantities of domestic mammal DNA could completely mask the presence of wild mammal DNA...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324717/residual-inequity-assessing-the-unintended-consequences-of-new-york-city-s-clean-heat-transition
#4
Daniel Carrión, W Victoria Lee, Diana Hernández
Energy policies and public health are intimately intertwined. In New York City, a series of policies, known as the Clean Heat Program (CHP), were designed to reduce air pollution by banning residual diesel fuel oils, #6 in 2015 and #4 by 2030. This measure is expected to yield environmental and public health benefits over time. While there is near-universal compliance with the #6 ban, a substantial number of buildings still use #4. In this paper, geographic analysis and qualitative interviews with stakeholders were used to interrogate the CHP's policy implementation in Northern Manhattan and the Bronx...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324318/a-feasibility-study-of-a-multidimensional-breastfeeding-support-intervention-in-ireland
#5
Goiuri Alberdi, Elizabeth J O'Sullivan, Helena Scully, Niamh Kelly, Regina Kincaid, Rosie Murtagh, Stephanie Murray, Denise McGuinness, Ashamole Clive, Mary Brosnan, Lucille Sheehy, Elizabeth Dunn, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimum mode of infant feeding. Despite this, most global populations do not achieve the World Health Organisation's recommendation of exclusive breast milk for the first 6 months of life. Irish breastfeeding rates are among the lowest in Europe, necessitating a well-designed breastfeeding-support intervention. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multidimensional breastfeeding intervention in a rural and an urban maternity setting in Ireland...
December 24, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#6
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322555/evaluating-factors-impacting-medication-adherence-among-rural-urban-and-suburban-populations
#7
Cody Arbuckle, Daniel Tomaszewski, Benjamin D Aronson, Lawrence Brown, Jon Schommer, Donald Morisky, Erik Linstead
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in prescription medication adherence rates, as well as influencing factors, in rural and urban adults. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists' Role. A total of 26,173 participants completed the survey and provided usable data. Participants using between 1 and 30 prescription medications and living more than 0 miles and up to 200 miles from their nearest pharmacy were selected for the study, resulting in a total of 15,933 participants...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320544/diversity-patterns-leishmania-dna-detection-and-bloodmeal-identification-of-phlebotominae-sand-flies-in-villages-in-northern-colombia
#8
Camila González, Cielo León, Andrea Paz, Marla López, Gisell Molina, Diana Toro, Mario Ortiz, Juan Manuel Cordovez, María Claudia Atencia, Germán Aguilera, Catalina Tovar
Leishmaniases are neglected tropical diseases exhibiting complex transmission cycles due to the number of parasite species circulating, sand fly species acting as vectors and infected mammals, including humans, which are defined in the New World as accidental hosts. However, current transmission scenarios are changing, and the disease is no longer exclusively related to forested areas but urban transmission foci occur, involving some species of domestic animals as suspected reservoirs. The aim of this study was to determine the transmission cycles in urban environments by evaluating sand fly diversity, detection of Leishmania DNA, and bloodmeal sources through intra and peridomestic collections...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320477/a-global-map-of-travel-time-to-cities-to-assess-inequalities-in-accessibility-in-2015
#9
D J Weiss, A Nelson, H S Gibson, W Temperley, S Peedell, A Lieber, M Hancher, E Poyart, S Belchior, N Fullman, B Mappin, U Dalrymple, J Rozier, T C D Lucas, R E Howes, L S Tusting, S Y Kang, E Cameron, D Bisanzio, K E Battle, S Bhatt, P W Gething
The economic and man-made resources that sustain human wellbeing are not distributed evenly across the world, but are instead heavily concentrated in cities. Poor access to opportunities and services offered by urban centres (a function of distance, transport infrastructure, and the spatial distribution of cities) is a major barrier to improved livelihoods and overall development. Advancing accessibility worldwide underpins the equity agenda of 'leaving no one behind' established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations...
January 10, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316925/extending-coverage-to-informal-sector-populations-in-kenya-design-preferences-and-implications-for-financing-policy
#10
Vincent Okungu, Jane Chuma, Stephen Mulupi, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage (UHC) is important in terms of improving access to quality health care while protecting households from the risk of catastrophic health spending and impoverishment. However, progress to UHC has been hampered by the measures to increase mandatory prepaid funds especially in low- and middle-income countries where there are large populations in the informal sector. Important considerations in expanding coverage to the informal sector should include an exploration of the type of prepayment system that is acceptable to the informal sector and the features of such a design that would encourage prepayment for health care among this population group...
January 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316643/solving-smart-city-transport-problems-by-designing-carpooling-gamification-schemes-with-multi-agent-systems-the-case-of-the-so-called-mordor-of-warsaw
#11
Robert Olszewski, Piotr Pałka, Agnieszka Turek
To reduce energy consumption and improve residents' quality of life, "smart cities" should use not only modern technologies, but also the social innovations of the "Internet of Things" (IoT) era. This article attempts to solve transport problems in a smart city's office district by utilizing gamification that incentivizes the carpooling system. The goal of the devised system is to significantly reduce the number of cars, and, consequently, to alleviate traffic jams, as well as to curb pollution and energy consumption...
January 6, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#12
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314188/-seniors-only-want-respect-designing-an-oral-health-program-for-older-adults
#13
Ivette Estrada, Carol Kunzel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Mary E Northridge
AIM: Persistent socioeconomic disparities in the oral disease burden contribute to pain and suffering among vulnerable and underserved populations who face systemic barriers to access oral health care, including older adults living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to gain the views of racial/ethnic minority older adults regarding what they believe would support them and their peers in visiting the dentist regularly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Focus groups were conducted and digitally audio-recorded from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority women and men aged 50 years and older living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health for older adults...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313458/clinician-perspectives-on-strategies-to-improve-patient-maternal-immunization-acceptability-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-practice-settings
#14
Paula M Frew, Laura A Randall, Fauzia Malik, Rupali Lamaye, Andrew Wilson, Sean T O'Leary, Daniel Salmon, Meghan Donnelly, Kevin Ault, Matthew Z Dudley, Vincent L Fenimore, Saad B Omer
Pregnancy is an ideal time to communicate with women about vaccines for themselves and their infants, yet maternal immunization rates remain suboptimal. This study aimed to identify clinic, provider, and staff-related attributes and facilitators to be utilized for a comprehensive vaccine intervention in ob-gyn clinical settings. We conducted in-depth interviews with 24 providers, both healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurse practitioners, midwives) and practice managers, from urban and suburban ob-gyn practices in Georgia and Colorado about their immunization attitudes, practices, and patient experiences...
January 9, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306160/do-spatial-patterns-of-urbanization-and-land-consumption-reflect-different-socioeconomic-contexts-in-europe
#15
REVIEW
Luca Salvati, Ilaria Zambon, Francesco Maria Chelli, Pere Serra
Land-use changes and urban sprawl have transformed European cities, with a direct impact on both metropolitan structures and socioeconomic functions. However, these processes tend to be relatively different across countries, being influenced by place-specific factors associated to socioeconomic, historical, political and cultural factors that influence decisions on the use of land. Considering 155 metropolitan areas in 6 European macro-regions, the present study investigates spatial patterns of land consumption profiling cities according to a large set of territorial variables, with the final objective to identify relevant socioeconomic dimensions characteristic of recent processes of urban growth...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304793/impact-of-the-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-on-family-planning-uptake-at-facilities-in-kenya-nigeria-and-senegal
#16
Jennifer Winston, Lisa M Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, David Guilkey, Ilene Speizer
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable 120 million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) was a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funded program designed to help contribute to these goals in urban areas in India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. URHI implemented a range of country-specific demand and supply side interventions, with supply interventions generally focused on improved service quality, provider training, outreach to patients, and commodity stock management...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304014/environmental-risk-factors-for-developing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Tashi Dendup, Xiaoqi Feng, Stephanie Clingan, Thomas Astell-Burt
Different elements of the environment have been posited to influence type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This systematic review summarizes evidence on the environmental determinants of T2DM identified in four databases. It proposes a theoretical framework illustrating the link between environment and T2DM, and briefly discusses some methodological challenges and potential solutions, and opportunities for future research. Walkability, air pollution, food and physical activity environment and roadways proximity were the most common environmental characteristics studied...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302540/a-chart-review-of-morbidity-patterns-among-adult-patients-attending-primary-care-setting-in-urban-odisha-india-an-international-classification-of-primary-care-experience
#18
Subhashisa Swain, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Introduction: Disease burden estimations based on sound epidemiological research provide the foundation for designing health services. Patients visiting a primary care often present with symptoms and signs. Understanding the burden is crucial for developing countries including India. The project aimed to record the reasons for encounter (RFE) at primary care settings for estimating the burden at the health-care facility. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was undertaken at four urban health dispensaries of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, with the aim to explore the prevailing patterns of diseases among patients attending these facilities...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301190/influence-of-land-use-and-point-source-pollution-on-water-quality-in-a-developed-region-a-case-study-in-shunde-china
#19
Wenjing Bo, Xiaoke Wang, Qianqian Zhang, Yi Xiao, Zhiyun Ouyang
To design and implement policy to manage water quality, it is important to investigate land use and possible sources of pollution. In this study, using Pearson regression analysis, redundancy analysis and multiple regression analysis, we assess the influence of land use and point sources on water quality in the river system in Shunde district in 2000 and 2010. The results show that water quality was related positively with water surface but negatively with impervious and urban greening area. Additionally, water quality was related negatively to point source emissions of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonium-nitrogen (NH₄-N)...
December 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300470/co-variation-between-distribution-of-microbial-communities-and-biological-metabolization-of-organics-in-urban-sewer-systems
#20
Pengkang Jin, Xuan Shi, Guangxi Sun, Lei Yang, Yixiao Cai, Xiaochang C Wang
Distribution characteristics and biodiversity of microbial communities were studied in a 1200-m pilot sewer system. Results showed that the dominant microorganisms, fermentation bacteria (FB), hydrogen-producing acetogen (HPA), sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and methanogenic archaea (MA) changed significantly along the sewer systems, from start to the end. The distribution of the functional microorganisms could induce substrate transformation and lead to the accumulation of micromolecular organics (i.e., acetic acid, propionic acid and amino acid)...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
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