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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341801/local-vs-national-epidemiology-of-pedestrian-injury-in-a-mid-atlantic-city
#1
Elizabeth D Nesoff, Keshia M Pollack, Amy R Knowlton, Janice V Bowie, Andrea C Gielen
OBJECTIVE: Understanding pedestrian injury trends at the local level is essential for program planning and allocation of funds for urban planning and improvement. Because we hypothesize that local injury trends differ from national trends in significant and meaningful ways, we investigated city-wide pedestrian injury trends to assess injury risk among nationally-identified risk groups, as well as identify risk groups and locations specific to Baltimore City. METHODS: Pedestrian injury data, obtained from the Baltimore City Fire Department, were gathered through EMS records collected from January 1 to December 31, 2014...
January 17, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331835/integrating-priority-areas-and-ecological-corridors-into-national-network-for-conservation-planning-in-china
#2
Jie Liang, Xinyue He, Guangming Zeng, Minzhou Zhong, Xiang Gao, Xin Li, Xiaodong Li, Haipeng Wu, Chunting Feng, Wenle Xing, Yilong Fang, Dan Mo
Considering that urban expansion and increase of human activities represent important threats to biodiversity and ecological processes in short and long term, developing protected area (PA) network with high connectivity is considered as a valuable conservation strategy. However, conservation planning associated with the large-scale network in China involves important information loopholes about the land cover and landscape connectivity. In this paper, we made an integrative analysis for the identification of conservation priority areas and least-cost ecological corridors (ECs) in order to promote a more representative, connected and efficient ecological PA network for this country...
January 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329003/modified-forest-rotation-lengths-long-term-effects-on-landscape-scale-habitat-availability-for-specialized-species
#3
Jean-Michel Roberge, Karin Öhman, Tomas Lämås, Adam Felton, Thomas Ranius, Tomas Lundmark, Annika Nordin
We evaluated the long-term implications from modifying rotation lengths in production forests for four forest-reliant species with different habitat requirements. By combining simulations of forest development with habitat models, and accounting both for stand and landscape scale influences, we projected habitat availability over 150 years in a large Swedish landscape, using rotation lengths which are longer (+22% and +50%) and shorter (-22%) compared to current practices. In terms of mean habitat availability through time, species requiring older forest were affected positively by extended rotations, and negatively by shortened rotations...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328871/achieving-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-treatment-parity-a-quarter-century-of-policy-making-and-research
#4
Emma Peterson, Susan Busch
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) of 2008 changed the landscape of mental health and substance use disorder coverage in the United States. The MHPAEA's comprehensiveness compared with past parity laws, including its extension of parity to plan management strategies, the so-called nonquantitative treatment limitations (NQTL), led to significant improvements in mental health care coverage. In this article, we review the history of this landmark legislation and its recent expansions to new populations, describe past research on the effects of this and other mental health/substance use disorder parity laws, and describe some directions for future research, including NQTL compliance issues, effects of parity on individuals with severe mental illness, and measurement of benefits other than mental health care use...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320514/sound-mapping-a-coniferous-forest-perspectives-for-biodiversity-monitoring-and-noise-mitigation
#5
Anthony Turner, Michael Fischer, Joseph Tzanopoulos
Acoustic diversity indices have been proposed as low-cost biodiversity monitoring tools. The acoustic diversity of a soundscape can be indicative of the richness of an acoustic community and the structural/vegetation characteristics of a habitat. There is a need to apply these methods to landscapes that are ecologically and/or economically important. We investigate the relationship between the acoustic properties of a coniferous forest with stand-age and structure. We sampled a 73 point grid in part of the UK's largest man-made lowland coniferous plantation forest, covering a 320ha mosaic of different aged stands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313756/data-needs-for-a-serious-illness-care-accountability-system-a-framework-and-recommendations
#6
Tom Valuck, Russ Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of a comprehensive accountability system for community-based serious illness care will require a robust data infrastructure. Data will be needed to support care delivery, quality measurement, value-based payment, and evaluation and monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The specific data needs in these areas need to be identified and understood, so that gaps in currently available data may be addressed. DESIGN: We developed a framework that includes the needed data and data infrastructure to support the features and characteristics of a serious illness care accountability system...
March 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297655/the-emerging-role-of-gammacore-in-the-management-of-cluster-headache-expert-panel-recommendations
#7
Stephen D Silberstein, Anne H Calhoun, Christina Treppendahl, David W Dodick, Alan M Rapoport, Avinash Mamidi, Peter Vargas, Thomas H Ebert, Stewart J Tepper
A panel of 9 experts, including neurologists, other headache specialists, and medical and pharmacy directors, from 4 health plans (1 integrated delivery network and 3 plans with commercial, Medicare, and Medicaid lines of business), convened to discuss cluster headache (CH). Topics covered included the current treatment landscape, treatment challenges, economic impact of disease, and gaps in care for patients with CH. One major challenge in the management of CH is that it is underrecognized and frequently misdiagnosed, leading to delays in and suboptimal treatment for patients who suffer from this painful and disabling condition...
November 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280248/fine-scale-spatial-climate-variation-and-drought-mediate-the-likelihood-of-reburning
#8
Sean A Parks, Marc-André Parisien, Carol Miller, Lisa M Holsinger, L Scott Baggett
In many forested ecosystems, it is increasingly recognized that the probability of burning is substantially reduced within the footprint of previously burned areas. This self-limiting effect of wildland fire is considered a fundamental emergent property of ecosystems and is partly responsible for structuring landscape heterogeneity (i.e. mosaics of different age classes), thereby reducing the likelihood of uncharacteristically large fires in regions with active fire regimes. However, the strength and longevity of this self-limiting phenomenon is not well understood in most fire-prone ecosystems...
December 26, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274465/laboratory-preparedness-and-response-with-a-focus-on-arboviruses-in-europe
#9
REVIEW
Chantal B Reusken, Margareta Ieven, Louise Sigfrid, Isabella Eckerle, Marion Koopmans
BACKGROUND: The global health burden of arboviruses is continuously rising which results in increasing pressure on local and (inter)national laboratory infrastructures. Timely and accurate diagnosis of cases is one of the main pillars for public health and clinical responses to an arbovirus emergence. AIMS AND SOURCES: This narrative review aims to summarize recent advances and to identify needs in laboratory preparedness and response activities, with a focus on viruses transmitted by arthropods in Europe...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242700/lidar-guided-archaeological-survey-of-a-mediterranean-landscape-lessons-from-the-ancient-greek-polis-of-kolophon-ionia-western-anatolia
#10
Benedikt Grammer, Erich Draganits, Martin Gretscher, Ulrike Muss
In 2013, an airborne laser scan survey was conducted in the territory of the Ionian city of Kolophon near the western coast of modern Turkey as part of an archaeological survey project carried out by the Mimar Sinan University of Istanbul (Turkey) and the University of Vienna (Austria). Several light detection and ranging (LiDAR) studies have been carried out in the temperate climate zones of Europe, but only a few in Mediterranean landscapes. Our study is based on the first LiDAR survey carried out for an archaeological purpose in Turkey and one of the first in the Mediterranean that have been planned, measured and filtered especially for archaeological research questions...
October 2017: Archaeological Prospection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240075/a-systematic-analysis-of-online-marketing-materials-used-by-providers-of-expanded-carrier-screening
#11
Davit Chokoshvili, Pascal Borry, Danya F Vears
PurposeExpanded carrier screening (ECS) for a large number of recessive disorders is available to prospective parents through commercial providers. This study aimed to analyze the content of marketing materials on ECS providers' websites.MethodsTo identify providers of ECS tests, we undertook a comprehensive online search, reviewed recent academic literature on commercial carrier screening, and consulted with colleagues familiar with the current ECS landscape. The identified websites were archived in April 2017, and inductive content analysis was performed on website text, brochures and educational materials, and video transcripts...
December 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238558/environmental-change-shifting-distributions-and-habitat-conservation-plans-a-case-study-of-the-california-gnatcatcher
#12
Heather L Hulton VanTassel, Michael D Bell, John Rotenberry, Robert Johnson, Michael F Allen
Many species have already experienced distributional shifts due to changing environmental conditions, and analyzing past shifts can help us to understand the influence of environmental stressors on a species as well as to analyze the effectiveness of conservation strategies. We aimed to (1) quantify regional habitat associations of the California gnatcatcher (Polioptila californica); (2) describe changes in environmental variables and gnatcatcher distributions through time; (3) identify environmental drivers associated with habitat suitability changes; and (4) relate habitat suitability changes through time to habitat conservation plans...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225353/urban-landscape-genomics-identifies-fine-scale-gene-flow-patterns-in-an-avian-invasive
#13
G W Low, B Chattopadhyay, K M Garg, M Irestedt, Pgp Ericson, G Yap, Q Tang, S Wu, F E Rheindt
Invasive species exert a serious impact on native fauna and flora and have been the target of many eradication and management efforts worldwide. However, a lack of data on population structure and history, exacerbated by the recency of many species introductions, limits the efficiency with which such species can be kept at bay. In this study we generated a novel genome of high assembly quality and genotyped 4735 genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers from 78 individuals of an invasive population of the Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus across the island of Singapore...
December 11, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207938/characterization-of-collaborative-practice-agreements-held-by-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-pharmacists
#14
Amy Bryk, Susannah Koontz, JoAl Mayor, Jeffrey Betcher, Rebecca Tombleson, Ryan Bookout, Ila M Saunders
Background Current workforce shortages within the hematopoietic stem cell transplant field necessitate capitalizing on the role of oncology-trained pharmacists. Working within an agreed-upon protocol, pharmacists are able to expand patient care delivery through optimal medication therapy management. Methods An electronic survey was developed by the Advocacy & Policy Working Committee of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Pharmacy Special Interest Group and distributed to pharmacists involved in the care of hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198265/review-feed-demand-landscape-and-implications-of-food-not-feed-strategy-for-food-security-and-climate-change
#15
H P S Makkar
The food-feed competition is one of the complex challenges, and so are the ongoing climate change, land degradation and water shortage for realizing sustainable food production systems. By 2050 the global demand for animal products is projected to increase by 60% to 70%, and developing countries will have a lion's share in this increase. Currently, ~800 million tonnes of cereals (one-third of total cereal production) are used in animal feed and by 2050 it is projected to be over 1.1 billion tonnes. Most of the increase in feed demand will be in developing countries, which already face many food security challenges...
December 4, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172981/biosimilar-products-in-the-modern-u-s-health-care-and-regulatory-landscape
#16
Jesse Peterson, Holly Budlong, Tim Affeldt, Kyle Skiermont, Gregg Kyllo, Al Heaton
Biosimilars have the potential to greatly reduce medication costs in the United States. As of July 1, 2017, 5 biosimilars have been approved by the FDA, but only 2 are available for purchase. This commentary outlines the efforts of an integrated health system to ensure biosimilar accessibility and discusses the current challenges and future implications. We highlight the implementation of a health plan policy and how a health system's formulary committee can encourage use while considering provider perceptions and operational challenges...
December 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172768/planning-for-future-care-and-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-analysis-of-gay-lesbian-and-heterosexual-couples
#17
Mieke Beth Thomeer, Rachel Donnelly, Corinne Reczek, Debra Umberson
Two key components of end-of-life planning are (1) informal discussions about future care and other end-of-life preferences and (2) formal planning via living wills and other legal documents. We leverage previous work on the institutional aspects of marriage and on sexual-minority discrimination to theorize why and how heterosexual, gay, and lesbian married couples engage in informal and formal end-of-life planning. We analyze qualitative dyadic in-depth interviews with 45 midlife gay, lesbian, and heterosexual married couples ( N = 90 spouses)...
December 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171902/early-ecological-outcomes-of-natural-regeneration-and-tree-plantations-for-restoring-agricultural-landscapes
#18
Ricardo G César, Vanessa S Moreno, Gabriel D Coletta, Robin L Chazdon, Silvio F B Ferraz, Danilo R A de Almeida, Pedro H S Brancalion
Mixed tree plantings and natural regeneration are the main restoration approaches for recovering tropical forests worldwide. Despite substantial differences in implementation costs between these methods, little is known regarding how they differ in terms of ecological outcomes, which is key information for guiding decision-making and cost-effective restoration planning. Here, we compared the early ecological outcomes of natural regeneration and tree plantations for restoring the Brazilian Atlantic Forest in agricultural landscapes...
November 24, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164343/determining-the-size-of-a-complete-disturbance-landscape-multi-scale-continental-analysis-of-forest-change
#19
Brian Buma, Jennifer K Costanza, Kurt Riitters
The scale of investigation for disturbance-influenced processes plays a critical role in theoretical assumptions about stability, variance, and equilibrium, as well as conservation reserve and long-term monitoring program design. Critical consideration of scale is required for robust planning designs, especially when anticipating future disturbances whose exact locations are unknown. This research quantified disturbance proportion and pattern (as contagion) at multiple scales across North America. This pattern of scale-associated variability can guide selection of study and management extents, for example, to minimize variance (measured as standard deviation) between any landscapes within an ecoregion...
November 21, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153173/a-100-year-review-lactating-dairy-cattle-housing-management
#20
J M Bewley, L M Robertson, E A Eckelkamp
Since the mid-1800s, farmers have been housing livestock. What began as a part-time solution for cold winters, stormy days, or injured animals has evolved into the main or only area in which cows spend their adult lives. With this change, farmers, academic researchers, and industry innovators have shaped the farm landscape, literally. Over the last 100 years, changes have been made for productivity, health, milk quality, reproduction, animal well-being, and farm profitability. We review a snapshot of those changes and look ahead to the future of lactating dairy cattle housing...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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