keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Malawi

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910260/impact-of-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-at-18%C3%A2-months-of-age-results-from-four-randomized-controlled-trials-in-africa
#1
Mary Arimond, Souheila Abbeddou, Chiza Kumwenda, Harriet Okronipa, Jaimie Hemsworth, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Eugenia Ocansey, Anna Lartey, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Stephen A Vosti, Sonja Y Hess, Kathryn G Dewey
Optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices can help ensure nutrient adequacy and support healthy growth and development. Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) have been proposed to help fill nutrient gaps, but little is known about the impact of provision of SQ-LNS on breastfeeding or complementary feeding practices. In the context of four coordinated randomized controlled nutrient supplementation trials in diverse sites in Africa, we compared IYCF practices at infant age 18 months (after 9-12 months of supplementation) between those receiving and not receiving SQ-LNS...
December 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909444/smallholder-farms-and-the-potential-for-sustainable-intensification
#2
Leah M Mungai, Sieglinde Snapp, Joseph P Messina, Regis Chikowo, Alex Smith, Erin Anders, Robert B Richardson, Guiying Li
The sustainable intensification of African agriculture is gaining momentum with the compelling need to increase food and agricultural production. In Southern Africa, smallholder farming systems are predominately maize-based and subject to erratic climatic conditions. Farmer crop and soil management decisions are influenced by a plethora of complex factors such as market access resource availability, social relations, environment, and various messages on sustainable farming practices. Such factors pose barriers to increasing sustainable intensification in Africa...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906910/progress-with-scale-up-of-hiv-viral-load-monitoring-seven-sub-saharan-african-countries-january-2015-june-2016
#3
Shirley Lecher, Jason Williams, Peter N Fonjungo, Andrea A Kim, Dennis Ellenberger, Guoqing Zhang, Christiane Adje Toure, Simon Agolory, Georgette Appiah-Pippim, Suzanne Beard, Marie Yolande Borget, Sergio Carmona, Geoffrey Chipungu, Karidia Diallo, Marie Downer, Dianna Edgil, Holly Haberman, Mackenzie Hurlston, Steven Jadzak, Charles Kiyaga, William MacLeod, Boniface Makumb, Hellen Muttai, Christina Mwangi, Jane W Mwangi, Michael Mwasekaga, Mary Naluguza, Lucy W Ng'Ang'A, Shon Nguyen, Souleymane Sawadogo, Katrina Sleeman, Wendy Stevens, Joel Kuritsky, Shannon Hader, John Nkengasong
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends viral load testing as the preferred method for monitoring the clinical response of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to antiretroviral therapy (ART) (1). Viral load monitoring of patients on ART helps ensure early diagnosis and confirmation of ART failure and enables clinicians to take an appropriate course of action for patient management. When viral suppression is achieved and maintained, HIV transmission is substantially decreased, as is HIV-associated morbidity and mortality (2)...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906012/determinants-of-time-to-antiretroviral-treatment-initiation-and-subsequent-mortality-on-treatment-in-a-cohort-in-rural-northern-malawi
#4
Jeremy Philip Brown, Bagrey Ngwira, Terence Tafatatha, Amelia Catharine Crampin, Neil French, Olivier Koole
BACKGROUND: To optimise care HIV patients need to be promptly initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and subsequently retained on treatment. In this study we report on the interval between enrolment and treatment initiation, and investigate subsequent attrition and mortality of patients on ART at a rural clinic in Malawi. METHODS: HIV-positive individuals were recruited to a cohort study between January 2008 and August 2011 at Chilumba Rural Hospital (CRH). Outcomes were ascertained, up to 7 years after enrolment, through follow-up and by linkage to ART registers and the Karonga Health and Demographic Surveillance System (KHDSS)...
July 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900808/genetic-and-developmental-basis-for-fin-shape-variation-in-african-cichlid-fishes
#5
Dina Navon, Nathan Olearczyk, R Craig Albertson
Adaptive radiations are often characterized by the rapid evolution of traits associated with divergent feeding modes. For example, the evolutionary history of African cichlids is marked by repeated and coordinated shifts in skull, trophic, fin and body shape. Here, we seek to explore the molecular basis for fin shape variation in Lake Malawi cichlids. We first described variation within an F2 mapping population derived by crossing two cichlid species with divergent morphologies including fin shape. We then used this population to genetically map loci that influence variation in this trait...
November 4, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899115/characterizing-the-impact-of-sustained-sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-use-upon-the-plasmodium-falciparum-population-in-malawi
#6
Matt Ravenhall, Ernest Diez Benavente, Mwapatsa Mipando, Anja T R Jensen, Colin J Sutherland, Cally Roper, Nuno Sepúlveda, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Jacqui Montgomery, Kamija S Phiri, Anja Terlouw, Alister Craig, Susana Campino, Harold Ocholla, Taane G Clark
BACKGROUND: Malawi experienced prolonged use of sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) as the front-line anti-malarial drug, with early replacement of chloroquine and delayed introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy. Extended use of SP, and its continued application in pregnancy is impacting the genomic variation of the Plasmodium falciparum population. METHODS: Whole genome sequence data of P. falciparum isolates covering 2 years of transmission within Malawi, alongside global datasets, were used...
November 29, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896944/quantifying-bias-in-survival-estimates-resulting-from-loss-to-follow-up-among-children-with-lymphoma-in-malawi
#7
Christopher C Stanley, Kate D Westmoreland, Salama Itimu, Ande Salima, Toon van der Gronde, Peter Wasswa, Idah Mtete, Mercy Butia, Nader K El-Mallawany, Satish Gopal
Pediatric lymphoma is common in sub-Saharan Africa, where survival estimates are often based on limited follow-up with incomplete retention, introducing potential for bias. We compared follow-up and overall survival (OS) between passive and active tracing within a prospective cohort of children with lymphoma in Malawi. Median follow-up times were 4.4 months (interquartile range [IQR] 2.0-9.4) and 10.8 months (IQR 6.2-20.6) in passive and active follow-up, respectively. Twelve-month overall survival (OS) was 69% (95% confidence interval [CI] 54-80) in passive and 44% (95% CI 34-54) in active follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895847/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-bubble-cpap-system-in-treatment-of-respiratory-distress-in-a-neonatal-ward-in-malawi
#8
Kondwani Kawaza, Heather E Machen, Jocelyn Brown, Zondiwe Mwanza, Suzanne Iniguez, Al Gest, E O'Brian Smith, Maria Oden, Rebecca R Richards-Kortum, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure is a leading cause of neonatal mortality in the developing world. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is a safe, effective intervention for infants with respiratory distress and is widely used in developed countries. Because of its high cost, bCPAP is not widely utilized in low-resource settings. We evaluated the performance of a new bCPAP system to treat severe respiratory distress in a low resource setting, comparing it to nasal oxygen therapy, the current standard of care...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895844/effect-of-human-rotavirus-vaccine-on-severe-diarrhea-in-african-infants
#9
Shabir A Madhi, Nigel A Cunliffe, Duncan Steele, Desirée Witte, Mari Kirsten, Cheryl Louw, Bagrey Ngwira, John C Victor, Paul H Gillard, Brigitte B Cheuvart, Htay H Han, Kathleen M Neuzil
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis among young children worldwide. Data are needed to assess the efficacy of the rotavirus vaccine in African children. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial in South Africa (3166 infants; 64.1% of the total) and Malawi (1773 infants; 35.9% of the total) to evaluate the efficacy of a live, oral rotavirus vaccine in preventing severe rotavirus gastroenteritis...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895843/severe-anemia-in-malawian-children
#10
Job Cj Calis, Kamija S Phiri, E Brian Faragher, Bernard J Brabin, Imelda Bates, Luis E Cuevas, Rob J de Haan, Ajib I Phiri, Pelani Malange, Mirriam Khoka, Paul Jm Hulshof, Lisette van Lieshout, Marcel Ghm Beld, Yik Y Teo, Kirk A Rockett, Anna Richardson, Dominic P Kwiatkowski, Malcolm E Molyneux, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek
BACKGROUND: Severe anemia is a major cause of sickness and death in African children, yet the causes of anemia in this population have been inadequately studied. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 381 preschool children with severe anemia (hemoglobin concentration, <5.0 g per deciliter) and 757 preschool children without severe anemia in urban and rural settings in Malawi. Causal factors previously associated with severe anemia were studied. The data were examined by multivariate analysis and structural equation modeling...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895842/postoperative-outcome-of-caesarean-sections-and-other-major-emergency-obstetric-surgery-by-clinical-officers-and-medical-officers-in-malawi
#11
Garvey Chilopora, Caetano Pereira, Francis Kamwendo, Agnes Chimbiri, Eddie Malunga, Staffan Bergström
BACKGROUND: Clinical officers perform much of major emergency surgery in Malawi, in the absence of medical officers. The aim of this study was to validate the advantages and disadvantages of delegation of major obstetric surgery to non-doctors. METHODS: During a three month period, data from 2131 consecutive obstetric surgeries in 38 district hospitals in Malawi were collected prospectively. The interventions included caesarean sections alone and those that were combined with other interventions such as subtotal and total hysterectomy repair of uterine rupture and tubal ligation...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895840/the-malawi-hybrid-medical-graduates-1992-1998
#12
Adelola Adeloye
In April 1991, the Malawi College of Medicine opened its doors to Malawi medical students who had undertaken all but the final year of their undergraduate training in the United Kingdom. The first batch qualified with the MB BS degrees of the University of Malawi in September 1992. Since then and up to July 1998, 112 doctors have been produced. They are all Malawians, 90 males and 22 females, 29%, 31% and 40% respectively come from the Northern, Central and Southern regions of Malawi. Seventy-one per cent of the graduates had passed through Chancellor College, Zomba, and 27% had attended the Kamuzu Academy, Kasunga, Malawi...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895839/letter-from-%C3%A2-malawi-the-first-year-of-the-college-of-medicine-of-the-university-of-malawi
#13
Geoffrey W Dahlenburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895838/a-medical-career-in-malawi-personal-reflections
#14
Malcolm E Molyneux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895835/reflections-on-the-first-twenty-five-years-of-the-university-of-malawi-college-of-medicine
#15
Adamson S Muula, Wakisa Mulwafu, Diston Chiweza, Ronald Mataya
September 2016 marks 25 years since the College of Medicine of the University of Malawi was established. In this article we reflect on its conception, birth, adolescence, and youth. The contributions of multiple stakeholders are celebrated while being mindful of the ongoing efforts to consolidate past and current gains. For instance, the College of Medicine was, until recently, the only medical school in the country, but a new private medical school has just been opened in Lilongwe. International partnerships and wide-ranging resource mobilisation from both internal and international funders has been the hallmark of the growth and expansion of the Malawi College of Medicine...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895831/the-spectrum-of-heart-disease-in-adults-in-malawi-a-review-of-the-literature-with-reference-to-the-importance-of-echocardiography-as-a-diagnostic-modality
#16
Theresa J Allain, Louis Kinley, Bright Tsidya, Ailsa Murray, Mark Cheesman, Sam Kampondeni, Noel Kayange
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#17
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895828/quality-of-facility-based-family-planning-services-for-adolescents-in-malawi-findings-from-a-national-census-of-health-facilities
#18
Vinitha Jayachandran, Gertrude Chapotera, William Stones
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to describe the quality, in terms of provision and experience of care, of facility-based family planning services for adolescents compared to older clients in Malawi. METHODS: Secondary data analysis was performed on data obtained from the Service Provision Assessment survey 2013-14, a census of all formal health facilities in the country. For the present study the inclusion criterion was that the client's age was recorded in the data set, which gave a weighted total of 1388 observations of consultations, reflecting provision of care, and client exit interviews, reflecting experience of care...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895827/malawian-impressions-of-expatriate-physicians-a-qualitative-study
#19
Natasha Parekh, Adam P Sawatsky, Ihunanya Mbata, Adamson S Muula, Thuy Bui
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, including Malawi, expatriate physicians serve diverse roles in clinical care, education, mentorship, and research. A significant proportion of physicians from high-income countries have global health experience. Despite the well-known benefits of global health experiences for expatriates, little is known about local physician and trainee impressions of their expatriate counterparts. The objective of this study was to explore University of Malawi College of Medicine (COM) physicians' and trainees' impressions of expatriate physicians...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895826/motivation-of-health-surveillance-assistants-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#20
Kingsley R Chikaphupha, Maryse C Kok, Lot Nyirenda, Ireen Namakhoma, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Motivation of health workers is a critical component of performance and is shaped by multiple factors. This study explored factors that influence motivation of health surveillance assistants (HSAs) in Malawi, with the aim of identifying interventions that can be applied to enhance motivation and performance of HSAs. METHODS: A qualitative study capturing the perspectives of purposively selected participants was conducted in two districts: Salima and Mchinji...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
keyword
keyword
56498
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"