Read by QxMD icon Read


Maria V Fraga, Pablo Laje, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate if gestational age (GA), mode of delivery and abdominal wall closure method influence outcomes in uncomplicated gastroschisis (GTC). METHODS: Retrospective review of NICU admissions for gastroschisis, August 2008-July 2016. Primary outcomes were: time to start enteral feeds (on-EF), time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), and length of stay (LOS). MAIN RESULTS: A total of 200 patients with GTC were admitted to our NICU...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Steven Babic, Young Lee, Mark Ruschin, Fiona Lochray, Alex Lightstone, Eshetu Atenafu, Nic Phan, Todd Mainprize, May Tsao, Hany Soliman, Arjun Sahgal
PURPOSE: Noninvasive frameless systems are increasingly being utilized for head immobilization in stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Knowing the head positioning reproducibility of frameless systems and their respective ability to limit intrafractional head motion is important in order to safely perform SRS. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the intrafractional head motion of an invasive frame and a series of frameless systems for single fraction SRS and fractionated/hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT/HF-SRT)...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Agnieszka Danek, Sebastian Deorowicz
Motivation: Nowadays, genome sequencing is frequently used in many research centers. In projects, such as the Haplotype Reference Consortium or the Exome Aggregation Consortium, huge databases of genotypes in large populations are determined. Together with the increasing size of these collections, the need for fast and memory frugal ways of representation and searching in them becomes crucial. Results: We present GTC, a novel compressed data structure for representation of huge collections of genetic variation data...
January 16, 2018: Bioinformatics
K N Power, A Gramstad, N E Gilhus, K O Hufthammer, B A Engelsen
OBJECTIVES: Generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus (GTC-SE) is considered a risk for cognitive impairment. Research with standardized tools is scarce and non-conclusive. We systematically assessed short-term and long-term cognitive function after GTC-SE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients were tested after the clinical post-ictal phase of GTC-SE (timepoint 1) and again after 1 year (timepoint 2). Twenty controls were examined with the same tests...
January 14, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Rajan Narayan, Tarun Agarwal, Debasish Mishra, Tapas Kumar Maiti, Sujata Mohanty
The cell and extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions play a very important role during angiogenesis. Remodeling of the extracellular matrix along with pro-angiogenic/anti-angiogenic factors, and matrix-degrading proteases, accounts for endothelial cell growth, migration, and tube formation. However, for studying angiogenesis, only limited and expensive biomaterials are available. Despite being biocompatible, inexpensive, and easy availability; the potential of goat tendon collagen (GTC) has never been explored for vascular tissue engineering applications...
January 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Maeng Real Park, Mun Ki Min, Ji Ho Ryu, Dae Sub Lee, Kang Ho Lee
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic and debilitating disorder, characterized by inflammation of the colonic mucosa. UC can be considered a systemic disorder but UC-related manifestations in the central nervous system (CNS) are quite rare. A 29-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with repeated generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) type seizures. Based on brain CT, brain metastasis or hemorrhagic infarct was suspected. Diffusion-weighted image of brain MRI showed high signal in the left thalamus and heterogenous enhancement in the right parietal and left frontal lobes...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nagi B Kumar, Roshni Patel, Julio Pow-Sang, Philippe E Spiess, Raoul Salup, Christopher R Williams, Michael J Schell
Background: Evidence continues to demonstrate the role of obesity in prostate carcinogenesis and prognosis, underscoring the need to identify and continue to evaluate the effective interventions to reduce obesity in populations at high risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of daily consumption of decaffeinated green tea catechins (GTC) formulation (Polyphenon E® (PolyE)) for 1 year on biomarkers of obesity in men who are at high risk for prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: A randomized, double-blinded trial was conducted targeting 97 men diagnosed with HGPIN or ASAP...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Kjersti N Power, Arne Gramstad, Nils Erik Gilhus, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Bernt A Engelsen
OBJECTIVES: Status epilepticus (SE) is considered a risk for cognitive impairment. Studies have indicated that SE cause more cognitive decline than multiple lifetime generalized tonic clonic (GTC) seizures. The aim of the study was to investigate whether patients suffering from SE or from multiple lifetime GTC seizures have cognitive dysfunction, and if the disabilities differ between these groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients suffering from SE were evaluated shortly after the clinical post-ictal phase and again after one year...
February 2018: Epilepsy Research
Xiuhua Lan, Kejun Deng, Jianping Zhao, Yiyi Chen, Xuhui Xin, Yanli Liu, Ikhlas A Khan, Shilin Yang, Taoyun Wang, Qiongming Xu
Ten compounds were isolated and identified from green vegetable soya beans, of which five are new triterpenoid saponins (1-5) and five are known compounds (6-10). The chemical structures of the five triterpenoid saponins (1-5) were elucidated to be 3β,24-dihydroxy-22β,30-epoxy-30-oxoolean-12-en 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, 1; 3β,24-dihydroxy-22β,30-epoxy-30-oxoolean-12-en 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-(3″-O-formyl)-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, 2; 22-keto-3β,24-dihydroxy oleanane-12-ene 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-(3″-O-formyl)-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, 3; 3β,22β,24-trihydroxy oxyolean-18(19)-ene-29-acid 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, 4; and punicanolic acid 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucuronopyranoside, 5 from the spectroscopic data (IR, GTC/FID, HR-ESI-MS, and 1D and 2D NMR)...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Liang Xu, Sassan S Saatchi, Aurélie Shapiro, Victoria Meyer, Antonio Ferraz, Yan Yang, Jean-Francois Bastin, Norman Banks, Pascal Boeckx, Hans Verbeeck, Simon L Lewis, Elvis Tshibasu Muanza, Eddy Bongwele, Francois Kayembe, Daudet Mbenza, Laurent Kalau, Franck Mukendi, Francis Ilunga, Daniel Ebuta
National forest inventories in tropical regions are sparse and have large uncertainty in capturing the physiographical variations of forest carbon across landscapes. Here, we produce for the first time the spatial patterns of carbon stored in forests of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by using airborne LiDAR inventory of more than 432,000 ha of forests based on a designed probability sampling methodology. The LiDAR mean top canopy height measurements were trained to develop an unbiased carbon estimator by using 92 1-ha ground plots distributed across key forest types in DRC...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michael N Kent, Thomas G Olsen, Theresa A Feeser, Katherine C Tesno, John C Moad, Michael P Conroy, Mary Jo Kendrick, Sean R Stephenson, Michael R Murchland, Ayesha U Khan, Elizabeth A Peacock, Alexa Brumfiel, Michael A Bottomley
Importance: Digital pathology represents a transformative technology that impacts dermatologists and dermatopathologists from residency to academic and private practice. Two concerns are accuracy of interpretation from whole-slide images (WSI) and effect on workflow. Studies of considerably large series involving single-organ systems are lacking. Objective: To evaluate whether diagnosis from WSI on a digital microscope is inferior to diagnosis of glass slides from traditional microscopy (TM) in a large cohort of dermatopathology cases with attention on image resolution, specifically eosinophils in inflammatory cases and mitotic figures in melanomas, and to measure the workflow efficiency of WSI compared with TM...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
Nor Azizah Parmin, Uda Hashim, Subash C B Gopinath
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a standout amongst the most commonly reported over 100 types, among them genotypes 16, 18, 31 and 45 are the high-risk HPV. Herein, we designed the oligonucleotide probe for the detection of predominant HPV type 16 for the sensing applications. Conserved amino acid sequences within E6 region of the open reading frame in the HPV genome was used as the basis to design oligonucleotide probe to detect cervical cancer. Analyses of E6 amino acid sequences from the high-risk HPVs were done to check the percentage of similarity and consensus regions that cause different cancers, including cervical cancer...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Christopher M DeGiorgio, Daniela Markovic, Rajarshi Mazumder, Brian D Moseley
BACKGROUND: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is rare in well-controlled epilepsy. However, SUDEP is a common cause of death in drug-resistant epilepsy. Over the last 30 years, multiple cohort and population studies have identified clinical risk factors associated with an increased risk for SUDEP. OBJECTIVE: To identify and rank the leading SUDEP risk factors from major cohort and population-based studies. The incidence of SUDEP is also evaluated in special clinical situations, including antiepileptic drug treatment, epilepsy surgery, devices, and assignment to placebo in clinical trials...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Hui Xu, Guizhen Jiang, Hongqiang Shen, Wei Li, Jianhua Mao, Yanxiang Pan
Recent studies demonstrated that aberrant activation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 was involved in the pathogenesis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). In this study, we evaluated the association between TLR4 gene polymorphisms and the risk of childhood HSP in a Chinese population. A total of 175 HSP patients and 186 controls were recruited in this case-control study. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the TLR4 gene (rs1927914, rs10759932 and rs1927907) were genotyped using the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and Sequenom MassARRAY system...
November 2017: Rheumatology International
W P H Dekker, A C M Vergouwen, M C A Buster, A Honig
BACKGROUND: Research, aimed at improving the continuity of care after hospital discharge following attempted suicide focuses on the effectiveness of the interventions. Little attention has been paid to patients who immediately decline guidance to advised post-discharge care. We aimed to identify differences between accepters and decliners of guidance to care (GtC) in relation to the characteristics of patients who presented at the emergency department (ED) of an urban hospital in the Netherlands after attempted suicide...
September 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Vishwanath Sagi, Inyup Kim, Amar B Bhatt, Hasan Sonmezturk, Bassel W Abou-Khalil, Amir M Arain
OBJECTIVE: To study generalized paroxysmal fast activity (GPFA) in patients with genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE). INTRODUCTION: GPFA is an electroencephalographic (EEG) finding in patients with symptomatic generalized epilepsy consisting of 15-25Hz bifrontally predominant generalized fast activity seen predominantly in sleep. Historically GPFA is linked to epileptic encephalopathy with drug resistant epilepsy and intellectual disability. However, GPFA has been rarely described as an atypical finding in patients with GGE without negative prognostic implication...
September 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Sherifa A Hamed, Amal M Tohamy, Amira M Oseilly
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate vestibular function in adults with chronic epilepsy of unknown etiology in the inter-ictal period. BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic medical disorder. Life-long therapy may be required in one-third of patients. Epilepsy is associated with comorbid somatic conditions which impairs patients' quality of life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 28 with generalized tonic clonic (GTC) convulsions and 14 and 3 with temporal (TLE) and frontal lobe (FLE) epilepsies with secondary generalization (all were on regular carbamazepine therapy) and 40 healthy control subjects...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
Zeynep Özözen Ayas, Kıyasettin Asil, Ruhsen Öcal
Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is characterized by cerebral hemiatrophy, seizure, contralateral hemiplegia/hemiparesis, and mental retardation. In this study, clinical and radiological investigations of seven patients who were diagnosed with DDMS as adult age were evaluated and discussed. Seven patients (four male, three female) were included. The mean age ± SD of the patients was 46 ± 21 years. Clinical presentation of six patients was epileptic seizure. One patient was presented with head trauma due to a fall...
October 2017: Neurological Sciences
Alvin Y Chan, Jeffrey P Mullin, Edward Benzel, William Bingaman
Cerebellar hemorrhage (CH) is a rare but devastating complication following spine surgery. It is associated with a compromise to dura integrity and typically has a delayed post-operative onset. Here, we describe a patient who suffered a CH that presented with a generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizure immediately after a revision lumbar fusion. The patient did not regain consciousness from anesthesia prior to the hemorrhage. There are no reports indicating that CHs can occur abruptly following a spine surgery...
May 30, 2017: Curēus
Nagi B Kumar, Roshni Patel, Julio Pow-Sang, Philippe E Spiess, Raoul Salup, Christopher R Williams, Michael J Schell
BACKGROUND: Evidence continues to demonstrate the role of obesity in prostate carcinogenesis and prognosis, underscoring the need to identify and continue to evaluate the effective interventions to reduce obesity in populations at high risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of daily consumption of decaffeinated green tea catechins (GTC) formulation (Polyphenon E® (PolyE)) for 1 year on biomarkers of obesity in men who are at high risk for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded trial was conducted targeting 97 men diagnosed with HGPIN or ASAP...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"