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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742631/vestibular-function-in-adults-with-epilepsy-of-unknown-etiology
#1
Sherifa A Hamed, Amal M Tohamy, Amira M Oseilly
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate vestibular function in adults with chronic epilepsy of unknown etiology in the inter-ictal period. BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a chronic medical disorder. Life-long therapy may be required in one-third of patients. Epilepsy is associated with comorbid somatic conditions which impairs patients' quality of life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 28 with generalized tonic clonic (GTC) convulsions and 14 and 3 with temporal (TLE) and frontal lobe (FLE) epilepsies with secondary generalization (all were on regular carbamazepine therapy) and 40 healthy control subjects...
July 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733757/the-clinico-radiological-spectrum-of-dyke-davidoff-masson-syndrome-in-adults
#2
Zeynep Özözen Ayas, Kıyasettin Asil, Ruhsen Öcal
Dyke-Davidoff-Masson syndrome (DDMS) is characterized by cerebral hemiatrophy, seizure, contralateral hemiplegia/hemiparesis, and mental retardation. In this study, clinical and radiological investigations of seven patients who were diagnosed with DDMS as adult age were evaluated and discussed. Seven patients (four male, three female) were included. The mean age ± SD of the patients was 46 ± 21 years. Clinical presentation of six patients was epileptic seizure. One patient was presented with head trauma due to a fall...
July 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680780/immediate-remote-cerebellar-hemorrhage-and-seizure-following-revision-lumbosacral-fusion
#3
Alvin Y Chan, Jeffrey P Mullin, Edward Benzel, William Bingaman
Cerebellar hemorrhage (CH) is a rare but devastating complication following spine surgery. It is associated with a compromise to dura integrity and typically has a delayed post-operative onset. Here, we describe a patient who suffered a CH that presented with a generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizure immediately after a revision lumbar fusion. The patient did not regain consciousness from anesthesia prior to the hemorrhage. There are no reports indicating that CHs can occur abruptly following a spine surgery...
May 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678746/long-term-supplementation-of-decaffeinated-green-tea-extract-does-not-modify-body-weight-or-abdominal-obesity-in-a-randomized-trial-of-men-at-high-risk-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Nagi B Kumar, Roshni Patel, Julio Pow-Sang, Philippe E Spiess, Raoul Salup, Christopher R Williams, Michael J Schell
BACKGROUND: Evidence continues to demonstrate the role of obesity in prostate carcinogenesis and prognosis, underscoring the need to identify and continue to evaluate the effective interventions to reduce obesity in populations at high risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of daily consumption of decaffeinated green tea catechins (GTC) formulation (Polyphenon E® (PolyE)) for 1 year on biomarkers of obesity in men who are at high risk for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded trial was conducted targeting 97 men diagnosed with HGPIN or ASAP...
June 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670817/oral-health-of-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#5
Marίa José Sandoval, Alkisti Zekeridou, Vasiliki Spyropoulou, Delphine Courvoisier, Andrea Mombelli, Valérie McLin, Catherine Giannopoulou
To evaluate oral health conditions in pediatric liver transplant recipients, with special focus on caries, green staining of the teeth, gingival bleeding, and gingival overgrowth. 40 patients (mean age 11.6 years) were examined at a routine follow-up visit, 6 months to 16 years after liver transplantation at the Swiss Center for Liver Disease in Children. After the medical examination, participants were further examined for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease, GE, and GTC. The mean decay, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) score was 3...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667037/a-programmed-cell-death-1-haplotype-is-associated-with-clearance-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#6
Zhouhua Hou, Qing Zhou, Menghou Lu, Deming Tan, Xuwen Xu
PURPOSE: Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) is an important immune checkpoint of T cells response and plays a critical role in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between PD-1 polymorphisms and susceptibility and disease progression of chronic HBV infection. METHODS: In this case-control study, 299 cases with chronic HBV infection comprised of 99 asymptomatic carriers (ASCs), 96 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and 104 patients with HBV-related acute on chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) were enrolled...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611250/translational-control-of-the-sigr-directed-oxidative-stress-response-in-streptomyces-via-if3-mediated-repression-of-a-noncanonical-gtc-start-codon
#7
Morgan A Feeney, Govind Chandra, Kim C Findlay, Mark S B Paget, Mark J Buttner
The major oxidative stress response in Streptomyces is controlled by the sigma factor SigR and its cognate antisigma factor RsrA, and SigR activity is tightly controlled through multiple mechanisms at both the transcriptional and posttranslational levels. Here we show that sigR has a highly unusual GTC start codon and that this leads to another level of SigR regulation, in which SigR translation is repressed by translation initiation factor 3 (IF3). Changing the GTC to a canonical start codon causes SigR to be overproduced relative to RsrA, resulting in unregulated and constitutive expression of the SigR regulon...
June 13, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607676/evaluating-the-quality-improvement-impact-of-the-global-tracheostomy-collaborative-in-four-diverse-nhs-hospitals
#8
Brendan A McGrath, James Lynch, Barbarella Bonvento, Sarah Wallace, Val Poole, Ann Farrell, Cristina Diaz, Sadie Khwaja, David W Roberson
Tracheostomies are predominantly used in Head & Neck Surgery and the critically ill. The needs of these complex patients frequently cross traditional speciality working boundaries and locations and any resulting airway problems can rapidly lead to significant harm. The Global Tracheostomy Collaborative (GTC) was formed in 2012 with the aim of bringing together international expertise in tracheostomy care in order to bring about rapid adoption of best practices and to improve the quality and safety of care to this vulnerable group...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602196/sequence-specific-recognition-of-hiv-1-dsdna-in-the-large-amount-of-normal-dsdna-based-upon-nicking-enzyme-signal-amplification-and-triplex-dna
#9
Houya Zhu, Manjun Zhang, Li Zou, Ruimin Li, Liansheng Ling
A sensitive fluorescent strategy for sequence specific recognition of HIV dsDNA was established based upon Nicking Enzyme Signal Amplification (NESA) and triplex formation. dsDNA sequence from the site 7960 to site 7991 of the HIV1 dsDNA gene was designed as target dsDNA, which was composed of two complementary strands Oligonucleotide 1 with the sequence of 3'-CTT CCT TAT CTT CTT CTT CCA CCT CTC TCT CT-5' (Oligo-1) and Oligonucleotide 2 with the sequence of 5'-GAA GGA ATA GAA GAA GAA GGT GGA GAG AGA GA-3' (Oligo-2)...
October 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599763/beliefs-about-genetically-targeted-care-in-african-americans
#10
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Jasmine A McDonald, Gayenell Magwood, Melanie Jefferson
We examined beliefs about genetically targeted care (GTC) among African American men and women in a hospital-based sample and identified sociodemographic, cultural, and clinical factors having significant independent associations with these beliefs. Specifically, beliefs about GTC were evaluated after respondents were randomly primed with a racial or non-racial cue about race and genetics. Despite priming with a racial or non-racial cue, many respondents had positive beliefs about GTC. But, 49% believed that GTC would limit access to medical treatment, 46% believed that people will not trust GTC, and 20% believed that people like them would not benefit from GTC...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555877/synergistic-protection-against-acute-flurothyl-induced-seizures-by-adjuvant-treatment-of-the-ketogenic-diet-with-the-type-2-diabetes-drug-pioglitazone
#11
Timothy A Simeone, Stephanie A Matthews, Kristina A Simeone
OBJECTIVE: We have previously found that the transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) contributes to the mechanism of action of the ketogenic diet (KD), an established treatment for pediatric refractory epilepsy. We have found that the KD increases brain PPARγ and that inhibition or genetic loss of PPARγ prevents the antiseizure effects of the KD on (1) acutely induced seizures in nonepileptic mice and (2) spontaneous recurrent seizures in epileptic mice...
May 28, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544305/a-practical-guide-for-evaluating-gonadal-germ-cell-tumor-predisposition-in-differences-of-sex-development
#12
REVIEW
Louise C Pyle, Katherine L Nathanson
Differences of Sex Development (DSD) includes a wide spectrum of etiologies and phenotypes. A subset of individuals with DSDs are predisposed to gonadal germ cell tumor (GCT). In this setting, GCT risk varies widely, depending on the DSD molecular etiology and penetrance. Prognostication based on molecular diagnosis remains challenging, as natural history data specific to recently identified molecular causes of DSD is lacking. In this review, we provide a framework for the clinical geneticist to consider GCT tumor risk in the patient with DSD...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540130/corpora-amylacea-mimicking-low-grade-glioma-and-manifesting-as-a-seizure-case-report
#13
Seung J Lee, Minsu Kim, Carlito Lagman, Timothy T Bui, William H Yong, Isaac Yang
BACKGROUND: Corpora amylacea (CA) are accumulations of polyglucosan bodies typically found in astrocytic foot processes, and rarely, can mimic neoplasm. CA accumulation has also been associated with seizure disorders. We report the first case of a histologically confirmed intracranial, intraparenchymal CA lesion mimicking a low-grade glioma and manifesting as a seizure. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 43-year-old man presented after a general tonic-clonic (GTC) seizure. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a small lesion in the right mesial temporal lobe with radiologic features of a low-grade glioma...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527145/an-appraisal-of-indonesia-s-immense-peat-carbon-stock-using-national-peatland-maps-uncertainties-and-potential-losses-from-conversion
#14
REVIEW
Matthew Warren, Kristell Hergoualc'h, J Boone Kauffman, Daniel Murdiyarso, Randall Kolka
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of the world's tropical peatlands occur in Indonesia where rapid conversion and associated losses of carbon, biodiversity and ecosystem services have brought peatland management to the forefront of Indonesia's climate mitigation efforts. We evaluated peat volume from two commonly referenced maps of peat distribution and depth published by Wetlands International (WI) and the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), and used regionally specific values of carbon density to calculate carbon stocks...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464416/trade-offs-for-food-production-nature-conservation-and-climate-limit-the-terrestrial-carbon-dioxide-removal-potential
#15
Lena R Boysen, Wolfgang Lucht, Dieter Gerten
Large-scale biomass plantations (BPs) are a common factor in climate mitigation scenarios as they promise double benefits: extracting carbon from the atmosphere and providing a renewable energy source. However, their terrestrial carbon dioxide removal (tCDR) potentials depend on important factors such as land availability, efficiency of capturing biomass-derived carbon and the timing of operation. Land availability is restricted by the demands of future food production depending on yield increases and population growth, by requirements for nature conservation and, with respect to climate mitigation, avoiding unfavourable albedo changes...
May 2, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431366/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-video-eeg-protocol-for-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#16
Luciana Rodrigues De Marchi, Jeana Torres Corso, Ana Carolina Zetehaku, Carina Gonçalves Pedroso Uchida, Mirian Salvadori Bittar Guaranha, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
INTRODUCTION: Video-EEG has been used to characterize genetic generalized epilepsies (GGE). For best performance, sleep recording, photic stimulation, hyperventilation, and neuropsychological protocols are added to the monitoring. However, risks and benefits of these video-EEG protocols are not well established. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of a video-EEG neuropsychological protocol (VNPP) tailored for GGE and compare its value with that of routine EEG (R-EEG)...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407526/the-impact-of-antidepressants-on-seizure-frequency-and-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-of-patients-with-epilepsy-is-it-worth-investigating
#17
Ramses Ribot, Bichun Ouyang, Andres M Kanner
PURPOSE: Depression and anxiety disorders in patients with epilepsy (PWE) remain under-recognized and under-treated, despite being the most common psychiatric co-morbidities. Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are considered first-line treatment for primary depression and anxiety disorders. We performed this study to investigate if SSRIs and SNRIs could affect the seizure frequency of PWE and to assess whether such effect is independent of the response of the mood and anxiety disorders to these drugs...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396681/evolution-of-nucleotide-punctuation-marks-from-structural-to-linear-signals
#18
Nawal El Houmami, Hervé Seligmann
We present an evolutionary hypothesis assuming that signals marking nucleotide synthesis (DNA replication and RNA transcription) evolved from multi- to unidimensional structures, and were carried over from transcription to translation. This evolutionary scenario presumes that signals combining secondary and primary nucleotide structures are evolutionary transitions. Mitochondrial replication initiation fits this scenario. Some observations reported in the literature corroborate that several signals for nucleotide synthesis function in translation, and vice versa...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332631/integrated-dna-and-rna-extraction-using-magnetic-beads-from-viral-pathogens-causing-acute-respiratory-infections
#19
Hui He, Rongqun Li, Yi Chen, Ping Pan, Wenjuan Tong, Xueyan Dong, Yueming Chen, Daojun Yu
Current extraction methods often extract DNA and RNA separately, and few methods are capable of co-extracting DNA and RNA from sputum. We established a nucleic acid co-extraction method from sputum based on magnetic beads and optimized the method by evaluating influencing factors, such as the guanidinium thiocyanate (GTC) and dithiothreitol (DTT) concentrations, magnetic bead amount, incubation temperature, lysis buffer pH and RNA carrier type. The feasibility of the simultaneous nucleic acid co-extraction method was evaluated by amplifying DNA and RNA viruses from a single clinical specimen with a multiplex RT-qPCR method...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284331/pd-1-gene-polymorphic-variation-is-linked-with-first-symptom-of-disease-and-severity-of-relapsing-remitting-form-of-ms
#20
Edyta Pawlak-Adamska, Oskar Nowak, Lidia Karabon, Anna Pokryszko-Dragan, Anna Partyka, Anna Tomkiewicz, Jakub Ptaszkowski, Irena Frydecka, Ryszard Podemski, Jaroslaw Dybko, Malgorzata Bilinska
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS), where inflammation, demyelination together with the axonopathy are the cardinal features on pathologic ground, with a combined genetic and environmental background. The associations of PD-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): PD-1.3 (in intron 4), PD-1.5 and PD-1.9 (both in exon 5) with clinical manifestation of MS in 479 south Polish individuals including 203 MS patients were analyzed. Presence of PD-1.5T allele was linked with the first manifestations of disease: diplopia and pyramidal signs - favored pyramidal signs but protected against of diplopia development...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
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