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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225278/electrochemical-stripping-of-atomic-oxygen-on-single-crystalline-platinum-bridging-gas-phase-and-electrochemical-oxidation
#1
Yi-Fan Huang, Marc T M Koper
In order to understand the interaction between Pt and surface oxygenated species in electrocatalysis, this paper correlates the electrochemistry of atomic oxygen on Pt formed in the gas phase with electrochemically generated oxygen species, on a variety of single-crystal platinum surfaces. The atomic oxygen adsorbed on single crystalline Pt electrodes, made by thermal dissociation of molecular oxygen, are used for voltammetry measurements in acidic electrolytes (HClO4 and H2SO4). The essential knowledge of coverage, binding energy and surface construction of atomic oxygen is correlated with the charge, potential and shape of voltammograms, respectively...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221379/bridgehead-isomer-effects-in-bis-phosphido-bridged-diiron-hexacarbonyl-proton-reduction-electrocatalysts
#2
Ahibur Rahaman, Carolina Gimbert-Suriñach, Arne Ficks, Graham E Ball, Mohan Bhadbhade, Matti Haukka, Lee Higham, Ebbe Nordlander, Stephen B Colbran
The influence of the substitution, orientation and structure of the phosphido bridges in [Fe2(CO)6(μ-PR2)2] electrocatalysts of proton reduction has been studied. The isomers e,a-[Fe2(CO)6{μ-P(Ar)H}2] (1a(Ar): Ar = Ph, 2'-methoxy-1,1'-binaphthyl (bn')), e,e-[Fe2(CO)6{μ-P(Ar)H}2] (1b(Ar): Ar = Ph, bn') were isolated from reactions of iron pentacarbonyl and the corresponding primary phosphine, syntheses that also afforded the phosphinidene-capped tri-iron clusters, [Fe3(CO)9(μ-CO)(μ3-Pbn')] (2) and [Fe3(CO)9(μ3-PAr)2] (3(Ar), Ar = Ph, bn')...
February 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221025/synergistic-effects-of-stabilizing-the-surface-structure-and-lowering-the-interface-resistance-in-improving-the-low-temperature-performances-of-layered-lithium-rich-materials
#3
Shi Chen, Lai Chen, Yitong Li, Yuefeng Su, Yun Lu, Liying Bao, Jing Wang, Meng Wang, Feng Wu
Layered lithium-rich cathode material, Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 was successfully synthesized by a sol-gel method followed by coating with different amount of Li3-BO3 (LBO, 1wt %, 3wt %, 5wt %). The effects of LBO coating layer on the structure, morphology and low-temperature (-30 °C) electrochemical properties of these materials are investigated systematically. The morphology, crystal structure and grain size of the Li-rich layered oxide are not essentially changed after surface modification; and according to the TEM results, the Li-B-O coating layer exists as an amorphous layer with a thickness of 5~8 nm when the amount is 3wt %...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221015/taking-orders-from-light-photo-switchable-working-inactive-smart-surfaces-for-protein-and-cell-adhesion
#4
Junji Zhang, Wenjing Ma, Xiao-Peng He, He Tian
Photo-responsive smart surfaces are promising candidates for a variety of applications in optoelectronics and sensing devices. The use of light as an order-signal provides advantages of remote and non-invasive control with high temporal and spatial resolutions. Modification of the photo-switches with target bio-macromolecules, such as peptides, DNA and small-molecules including folic acid derivatives and sugars, has recently become a popular strategy to empower the smart surfaces with an improved detection efficiency and specificity...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219007/electrochemistry-of-the-4fe4s-cluster-in-base-excision-repair-proteins-tuning-the-redox-potential-with-dna
#5
Phillip Leon Bartels, Andy Zhou, Anna Ruth Arnold, Nicole N Nunez, Frank Nelson Crespilho, Sheila S David, Jacqueline K Barton
Escherichia coli Endonuclease III (EndoIII) and MutY are DNA glycosylases that contain [4Fe4S] clusters and that serve to maintain the integrity of the genome after oxidative stress. Electrochemical studies on highly-oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) revealed that DNA binding by EndoIII leads to a large negative shift in midpoint potential of the cluster, consistent with stabilization of the oxidized [4Fe4S]3+ form. However, the smooth, hydrophobic HOPG surface is non-ideal for working with proteins in the absence of DNA...
February 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217777/single-gold-nanowire-electrodes-and-single-pt-au-nanowire-electrodes-electrochemistry-and-applications
#6
Yaoyao Zhang, Shen Xu, Xiaoqing Xiao, Yong Liu, Yuanyuan Qian, Yongxin Li
Single Au nanowire electrodes and single Pt@Au nanowire electrodes showed steady-state voltammetric responses and a fast electron-transfer rate, which have been used to fabricate an E-DNA sensor and investigate the oxygen reduction reaction at the single nanowire level.
February 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214753/structural-and-functional-insights-into-corrinoid-iron-sulfur-protein-from-human-pathogen-clostridium-difficile
#7
Yaozhu Wei, Xiaofei Zhu, Sixue Zhang, Xiangshi Tan
The human pathogen Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is one of the most important healthcare-associated infections. The Wood-Ljungdahl pathway, which is responsible for Acetyl-CoA biosynthesis, is essential for the survival of the pathogen and is absent in humans. The key proteins and enzymes involved in the pathway are attractive targets for the treatment of CDI. Corrinoid iron-sulfur protein (CoFeSP) is a key protein and acts as a methyl transformer in the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. In this study, CoFeSP from Clostridium difficile (CoFeSPCd) was cloned, expressed in E...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212037/coupled-thermodynamic-and-kinetic-changes-in-the-electrochemistry-of-ferrocenyl-monolayers-induced-by-light
#8
Ying Yang, Simone Ciampi, John Justin Gooding
We report on the light-induced systematic changes to the thermodynamics and kinetics of ferrocene units attached to a n-type silicon(100) photoelectrode. Both the reaction rate, as well as the energetics of the charge transfer, are simultaneously affected by changes to the intensity of the incident light. Cyclic voltammetry shows that increases in intensity of illumination can drive the redox process toward less positive potentials, with a downhill shift in E1/2 of ca. 160 mV by increasing light intensity from 3 to 94 mW cm-2...
February 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211697/benchmarking-density-functionals-for-chemical-bonds-of-gold
#9
Kasper Planeta Kepp
Gold plays a major role in nanochemistry, catalysis, and electrochemistry. Accordingly, hundreds of studies apply density functionals to study chemical bonding with gold, yet there is no systematic attempt to assess the accuracy of these methods applied to gold. This paper reports a benchmark against 51 experimental bond enthalpies of AuX systems and seven additional polyatomic and cationic molecules. 12 density functionals were tested, covering meta functionals, hybrids with variable HF exchange, double-hybrid, dispersion-corrected and non-hybrid GGA functionals...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211209/synthesis-and-reduction-of-uranium-v-imido-complexes-with-redox-active-substituents
#10
Kimberly C Mullane, Patrick J Carroll, Eric J Schelter
Organic azides containing naphthyl functionalities were used to prepare uranium(V) imido complexes UV[=NC(2-naph)Ph2][N(SiMe3)2]3 (2), UV[=NC(2-naph)3][N(SiMe3)2]3 (3), and UV[=N(2-naph)][N(SiMe3)2]3 (4), and compared with UV[=NCPh3][N(SiMe3)2]3 (1). The electronic structures of these compounds were investigated by solution electrochemistry studies that revealed accessible U(V/VI), U(IV/V), and naphthalene0/naphthalene-1 couples. The uranium(V) naphthyl-imido complexes were reduced by potassium graphite to yield their uranium(IV) congeners K[UIV[=NC(2-naph)Ph2][N(SiMe3)2]3] (2-K), K[UIV[=NC(2-naph)3][N(SiMe3)2]3] (3-K), and K[UIV[=N(2-naph)][N(SiMe3)2]3] (4-K)...
February 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192945/probing-electrode-heterogeneity-using-fourier-transformed-alternating-current-voltammetry-application-to-a-dual-electrode-configuration
#11
Sze-Yin Tan, Patrick R Unwin, Julie V Macpherson, Jie Zhang, Alan M Bond
Quantitative studies of electron transfer processes at electrode/electrolyte interfaces, originally developed for homogeneous liquid mercury or metallic electrodes, are difficult to adapt to the spatially heterogeneous nanostructured electrode materials that are now commonly used in modern electrochemistry. In this study, the impact of surface heterogeneity on Fourier-transformed alternating current voltammetry (FTACV) has been investigated theoretically under the simplest possible conditions where no overlap of diffusion layers occurs and where numerical simulations based on a 1D diffusion model are sufficient to describe the mass transport problem...
February 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192671/electron-deficient-dihydroindaceno-dithiophene-regioisomers-for-n-type-organic-field-effect-transistors
#12
Jean-David Peltier, Benoît Heinrich, Bertrand Donnio, Joëlle Rault-Berthelot, Emmanuel Jacques, Cyril Poriel
In this work, we wish to report the first member of a new family of organic semiconductors constructed on a meta dihydroindacenodithiophene core, that is, 2,2'-(2,8-dihexyl-4,6-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:7,6-b']dithiophene-4,6-diylidene)dimalononitrile (called meta-IDT(═C(CN)2)2). The properties of this molecule were studied in detail through a structure-properties relationship study with its regioisomer, that is, 2,2'-(2,7-dihexyl-4,9-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene-4,9-diylidene)dimalononitrile (para-IDT(═C(CN)2)2) (see isomer structures in blue in Chart 2)...
February 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191934/electronic-structure-of-corrole-derivatives-insights-from-molecular-structures-spectroscopy-electrochemistry-and-quantum-chemical-calculations
#13
Abhik Ghosh
Presented herein is a comprehensive account of the electronic structure of corrole derivatives. Our knowledge in this area derives from a broad range of methods, including UV-vis-NIR absorption and MCD spectroscopies, single-crystal X-ray structure determination, vibrational spectroscopy, NMR and EPR spectroscopies, electrochemistry, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and quantum chemical calculations, the latter including both density functional theory and ab initio multiconfigurational methods. The review is organized according to the Periodic Table, describing free-base and main-group element corrole derivatives, then transition-metal corroles, and finally f-block element corroles...
February 13, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191849/kinetics-tuning-the-electrochemistry-of-lithium-dendrites-formation-in-lithium-batteries-through-electrolytes
#14
Ran Tao, Xuanxuan Bi, Shu Li, Ying Yao, Feng Wu, Qian Wang, Cunzhong Zhang, Jun Lu
Lithium batteries are one of the most advance energy storage devices in the world and have attracted extensive research interests. However, lithium dendrite growth was a safety issue which handicapped the application of pure lithium metal in the negative electrode. In this investigation, two solvents, propylene carbonate (PC) and 2-methyl-tetrahydrofuran (2MeTHF), and four Li(+) salts, LiPF6, LiAsF6, LiBF4 and LiClO4 were investigated in terms of their effects on the kinetics of lithium dendrite formation in eight electrolyte solutions...
February 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186775/stability-limits-and-defect-dynamics-in-ag-nanoparticles-probed-by-bragg-coherent-diffractive-imaging
#15
Y Liu, P P Lopes, W Cha, R Harder, J Maser, E Maxey, M J Highland, N M Markovic, S O Hruszkewycz, G B Stephenson, H You, A Ulvestad
Dissolution is critical to nanomaterial stability, especially for partially dealloyed nanoparticle catalysts. Unfortunately, highly active catalysts are often not stable in their reactive environments, preventing widespread application. Thus, focusing on the structure-stability relationship at the nanoscale is crucial and will likely play an important role in meeting grand challenges. Recent advances in imaging capability have come from electron, X-ray, and other techniques but tend to be limited to specific sample environments and/or two-dimensional images...
February 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183627/immobilization-of-glucose-oxidase-onto-a-novel-platform-based-on-modified-tio2-and-graphene-oxide-direct-electrochemistry-catalytic-and-photocatalytic-activity
#16
Nasibeh Haghighi, Rahman Hallaj, Abdollah Salimi
In this work a new organic-inorganic nanocomposite has been introduced for enzyme immobilization. The composite consisting of graphene oxide (GO) and titanium oxide nanoparticles (TiO2) modified with 2, 2'-dithioxo-3, 3'-bis (3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl)-2H, 2'H-[5, 5'-bithiazolylidene]-4, 4'(3H, 3'H)-dione as Organic-Inorganic Supporting Ligand (OISL). The OISL was covalently attached to TiO2 nanoparticles and employed for obtaining a suitable solid surface to enzyme attachment. The glucose oxidase (GOD) was irreversibly loaded on the GC/GO/TiO2-OISL using consecutive cyclic voltammetry...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182414/the-planar-cyclooctatetraene-bridge-in-bis-metallic-macrocycles-isolating-or-conjugating
#17
Susovan Bhowmik, Monica Kosa, Amir Mizrahi, Natalia Fridman, Magal Saphier, Amnon Stanger, Zeev Gross
A minor modification of the reported procedure for the synthesis of a corrole dimer that is fused by the cyclooctatetraene (COT) unit, (H3tpfc)2COT, allowed for its isolation in 18% yield. Of the two redox isomers that this interesting macrocycle does form, the current focus is on the reduced form, in which each subunit resembles that of monomeric corroles with a trianionic N4 coordination core. The corresponding bis-gallium(III) complex was prepared as an entry into the potentially rich coordination chemistry of (H3tpfc)2COT...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180223/structural-motifs-of-water-on-metal-oxide-surfaces
#18
REVIEW
Rentao Mu, Zhi-Jian Zhao, Zdenek Dohnálek, Jinlong Gong
Understanding water/solid interactions is of great importance in a variety of fundamental and technological processes, such as photocatalytic water splitting, heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, and corrosion. This review describes recent advancements in the molecular-level understanding of water adsorption, dissociation and clustering on model surfaces of metal oxides, achieved primarily by combining scanning probe microscopies with ensemble-averaged techniques and density functional theory calculations...
February 9, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170249/resolving-the-thermo-induced-electrochemistry-for-indepth-understanding-the-step-degradation-of-sdbs
#19
Di Gu, Yiyang Zhang, Lingyue Zhu, Baohui Wang
The STEP (Solar Thermal Electrochemical Process) has sustainably served as solar thermo- and electrochemical oxidation of SDBS (sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate) fully driven with solar energy, gaining a high efficiency with a fast rate by the combination of thermochemistry with electrochemistry. In this paper, the thermo-induced electrochemistry was resolved for indepth understanding the STEP degradation of SDBS. We employed the thermo-dependent cyclic voltammetric spectra, temperature-dependent fluorescence-electrochemical spectra and time-dependent electrochemical current spectra for a study of the electrochemistry including the reaction, pathway and mechanism...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168140/self-supported-polypyrrole-polyvinylsulfate-films-electrochemical-synthesis-characterization-and-sensing-properties-of-their-redox-reactions
#20
Toribio F Otero, Lluis X Martinez-Soria, Johanna Schumacher, Laura Valero, Victor H Pascual
Invited for this month's cover picture is the group of Professor Toribio F. Otero at the Centre for Electrochemistry, Intelligent Materials and Devices at the Polytechnic University of Cartagena (Spain). The cover picture shows an electrochemical cell as well as three representative cyclic voltammetric responses, displaying the electrolyte potential window, the monomer oxidation-polymerization potential range, and the polymer oxidation-reduction potential window. For more details, read the full text of the Full Paper at 10...
February 2017: ChemistryOpen
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