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Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
January 17, 2018: Poultry Science
Scott D Zawieja, Jorge A Castorena-Gonzalez, Joshua Scallan, Michael J Davis
We identified a regional dichotomy in murine lymphatic contractile function with regard to vessel location within either the periphery or visceral cavity. All vessels isolated from peripheral regions; cervical, popliteal, inguinal, axillary, and inter-nodal inguinal axillary (Ing-Ax) developed robust contractions with maximal ejection fractions (EFs) of 50-80% in our ex vivo isobaric myograph experiments. Conversely, vessels isolated from the visceral cavity (mesenteric, TD, and iliac) demonstrated maximal EFs below 15%...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Wonkuk Seo, Jae-Eun Pi, Sung Haeung Cho, Seung-Youl Kang, Seong-Deok Ahn, Chi-Sun Hwang, Ho-Sik Jeon, Jong-Uk Kim, Myunghee Lee
In this paper, we introduce a transparent fingerprint sensing system using a thin film transistor (TFT) sensor panel, based on a self-capacitive sensing scheme. An armorphousindium gallium zinc oxide (a-IGZO) TFT sensor array and associated custom Read-Out IC (ROIC) are implemented for the system. The sensor panel has a 200 × 200 pixel array and each pixel size is as small as 50 μm × 50 μm. The ROIC uses only eight analog front-end (AFE) amplifier stages along with a successive approximation analog-to-digital converter (SAR ADC)...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Zhaozhi Chu, Chunrong Peng, Ren Ren, Biyun Ling, Zhouwei Zhang, Hucheng Lei, Shanhong Xia
This paper proposes a high sensitivity electric field microsensor (EFM) based on torsional resonance. The proposed microsensor adopts torsional shutter, which is composed of shielding electrodes and torsional beams. The movable shielding electrodes and the fixed sensing electrodes are fabricated on the same plane and interdigitally arranged. Push-pull electrostatic actuation method is employed to excite the torsional shutter. Simulation results proved that the torsional shutter has higher efficiency of charge induction...
January 19, 2018: Sensors
Alexandra R T Santos, Felismina T C Moreira, Luísa A Helguero, M Goreti F Sales
This work reports a very simple approach for creating a synthetic antibody against any protein of interest and its application in potentiometric transduction. The selected protein was Breast Cancer Antigen (CA 15-3), which is implicated in breast cancer disease and used to follow-up breast cancer patients during treatment. The new material with antibody-like properties was obtained by molecular-imprinting technology, prepared by electropolymerizing pyrrol (Py, 5.0 × 10-3 mol/L) around Breast Cancer Antigen (CA 15-3) (100 U/mL) on a fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) conductive glass support...
January 19, 2018: Biosensors
J M Hamill, X T Zhao, G Mészáros, M R Bryce, M Arenz
A simple and fast analysis method to sort large data sets into groups with shared distinguishing characteristics is described and applied to single molecular break junction conductance versus electrode displacement data. The method, based on principal component analysis, successfully sorts data sets based on the projection of the data onto the first or second principal component of the correlation matrix without the need to assert any specific hypothesis about the expected features within the data. This is an improvement on the current correlation matrix analysis approach because it sorts data automatically, making it more objective and less time consuming, and our method is applicable to a wide range of multivariate data sets...
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Dayanand Kumar, Rakesh Aluguri, Umesh Chand, Tseung-Yuen Tseng
In this work, the transparent bipolar resistive switching characteristics of SiCN-based ITO/SiCN/AZO structure due to In diffusion from ITO was studied. SiCN based device is found to be 80 % transparent in the visible wavelength region. This device with AZO as both top and bottom electrodes did not show any RRAM property due to deposition of the high quality O2 free SiCN film. Replacing the AZO top electrode with ITO in this device exhibited good resistive switching(RS) characteristics with high on/off ratio and long retention...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Kyle J M Bishop, Aaron M Drews, Charles A Cartier, Shashank Pandey, Yong Dou
Contact charge electrophoresis (CCEP) uses steady electric fields to drive the oscillatory motion of conductive particles and droplets between two or more electrodes. In contrast to traditional forms of electrophoresis and dielectrophoresis, CCEP allows for rapid and sustained particle motions driven by low-power DC voltages. These attributes make CCEP a promising mechanism for powering active components for mobile microfluidic technologies. This Review describes our current understanding of CCEP as well as recent strategies to harness it for applications in microfluidics and beyond...
January 19, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bin Wang, Jaegeon Ryu, Sungho Choi, Gyujin Song, Dongki Hong, Chihyun Hwang, Xiong Chen, Bo Wang, Wei Li, Hyun-Kon Song, Soojin Park, Rodney S Ruoff
We show that a high energy density can be achieved in a practical manner with freestanding electrodes without using conductive carbon, binders, and current collectors. We made and used a folded graphene composite electrode designed for a high areal capacity anode. The traditional thick graphene composite electrode, such as made by filtering graphene oxide to create a thin film and reducing it such as through chemical or thermal methods, has sluggish reaction kinetics. Instead, we have made and tested a thin composite film electrode that was folded several times using a water-assisted method; it provides a continuous electron transport path in the fold regions and introduces more channels between the folded layers, which significantly enhances the electron/ion transport kinetics...
January 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Zahra Mofidi, Parviz Norouzi, Masumeh Sajadian, Mohammad Reza Ganjali
A novel, simple and inexpensive analytical technique based on flat sheet supported liquid membrane microextraction coupled with fast Fourier transform stripping cyclic voltammetry on a reduced graphene oxide carbon paste electrode was used for the extraction and online determination of diclofenac in whole blood. First, diclofenac was extracted from blood samples using a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane impregnated with 1-octanol and then into an acceptor solution, subsequently it was oxidized on a carbon paste electrode modified with reduced graphene oxide nano-sheets...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
Chunxue Hao, Lidan Wang, Fusheng Wen, Jianyong Xiang, Lei Li, Wentao Hu, Zhongyuan Liu
In this work, bismuth selenides (Bi2Se3 and Bi3Se4), both of which have a layered rhombohedral crystal structure, have been found to be useful as electrode materials for supercapacitor applications. In a liquid electrolyte system (6M KOH), Bi2Se3 nanoplates exhibit much better performance as an electrode material than Bi3Se4 nanoparticles do, delivering a higher specific capacitance (272.9 F g-1) than that of Bi3Se4 (193.6 F g-1) at 5 mV s-1. This result may be attributed to the fact that Bi2Se3 nanoplates possess more active electrochemical surfaces for the reversible surface redox reactions owing to their planar quintuple stacked layers (septuple layers for Bi3Se4)...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Saheed Bukola, Ying Liang, Carol Korzeniewski, Joel Harris, Stephen Creager
Ion current densities near 1 A cm-2 at modest bias voltages (< 200 mV) are reported for proton and deuteron transmission across single-layer graphene in polyelectrolyte-membrane (PEM)-style hydrogen pump cells. The graphene is sandwiched between two Nafion membranes and covers the entire area between two platinum-carbon electrodes, such that proton transfer is forced to occur through the graphene layer. Raman spectroscopy confirms that buried graphene layers are single-layer and relatively free of defects following the hot-press procedure used to make the sandwich structures...
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Enyuan Hu, Xuelong Wang, Xiqian Yu, Xiao-Qing Yang
The rechargeable lithium-ion battery (LIB) is the most promising energy storage system to power electric vehicles with high energy density and long cycling life. However, in order to meet customers' demands for fast charging, the power performances of current LIBs need to be improved. From the cathode aspect, layer-structured cathode materials are widely used in today's market and will continue to play important roles in the near future. The high rate capability of layered cathode materials during charging and discharging is critical to the power performance of the whole cell and the thermal stability is closely related to the safety issues...
January 19, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Mingdao Zhang, Quanbin Dai, Hegen Zheng, Mindong Chen, Liming Dai
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and MOF-derived materials have recently attracted considerable interest as alternatives to noble-metal electrocatalysts. Herein, the rational design and synthesis of a new class of Co@N-C materials (C-MOF-C2-T) from a pair of enantiotopic chiral 3D MOFs by pyrolysis at temperature T is reported. The newly developed C-MOF-C2-900 with a unique 3D hierarchical rodlike structure, consisting of homogeneously distributed cobalt nanoparticles encapsulated by partially graphitized N-doped carbon rings along the rod length, exhibits higher electrocatalytic activities for oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions (ORR and OER) than that of commercial Pt/C and RuO2 , respectively...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Materials
Hsiang-Hsi Ho, Chun-Lung Lin, Wei-Che Tsai, Liang-Zheng Hong, Cheng-Han Lyu, Hsun-Feng Hsu
We demonstrate the fabrication and characterization of silicon nanowire-based devices in metal-nanowire-metal configuration using direct current dielectrophoresis. The current-voltage characteristics of the devices were found rectifying, and their direction of rectification could be determined by voltage sweep direction due to the asymmetric Joule heating effect that occurred in the electrical measurement process. The photosensing properties of the rectifying devices were investigated. It reveals that when the rectifying device was in reverse-biased mode, the excellent photoresponse was achieved due to the strong built-in electric field at the junction interface...
January 16, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jonathan Rick, Ankush Chandra, Manish K Aghi
Glioblastoma is an aggressive brain malignancy with poor outcomes. Current standard of care involves surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Even with optimal treatment, 5-year survival rates are low. Many patients are unable to tolerate the considerable side effects that therapy involves and suffer from low quality of life. Anti-mitotic tumor treating fields have shown potential in treating glioblastoma with data suggesting that they prolong disease-free survival and overall survival. Novocure has marketed a device that generates these fields via externally placed electrodes...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Dongkyoung Lee, Jyotirmoy Mazumder
Material properties of copper and aluminum required for the numerical simulation are presented. Electrodes used for the (paper) are depicted. This study describes the procedures of how penetration depth, width, and absorptivity are obtained from the simulation. In addition, a file format extracted from the simulation to visualize 3D distribution of temperature, velocity, and melt pool geometry is presented.
April 2018: Data in Brief
Mohamed Rabia, H S H Mohamed, Mohamed Shaban, S Taha
Lead sulfide (PbS) and polyaniline (PANI) nano/microparticles were prepared. Then, PANI/PbS core-shell nano/microcomposites (I, II, and III) were prepared by oxidative polymerization of different aniline concentrations (0.01, 0.03, and 0.05 M), respectively, in the presence of 0.05 M PbS. FT-IR, XRD, SEM, HR-TEM, and UV-Vis analyses were carried out to characterize the samples. From the FT-IR data, there are redshifts in PbS and PANI nano/microparticles bands in comparison with PANI/PbS nano/microcomposites...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Youngjun Song, Sejung Kim, Michael J Heller, Xiaohua Huang
DNA has been employed to either store digital information or to perform parallel molecular computing. Relatively unexplored is the ability to combine DNA-based memory and logical operations in a single platform. Here, we show a DNA tri-level cell non-volatile memory system capable of parallel random-access writing of memory and bit shifting operations. A microchip with an array of individually addressable electrodes was employed to enable random access of the memory cells using electric fields. Three segments on a DNA template molecule were used to encode three data bits...
January 18, 2018: Nature Communications
Andreu Paredes-Gallardo, Sara M K Madsen, Torsten Dau, Jeremy Marozeau
Sequential stream segregation by cochlear implant (CI) listeners was investigated using a temporal delay detection task composed of a sequence of regularly presented bursts of pulses on a single electrode (B) interleaved with an irregular sequence (A) presented on a different electrode. In half of the trials, a delay was added to the last burst of the regular B sequence, and the listeners were asked to detect this delay. As a jitter was added to the period between consecutive A bursts, time judgments between the A and B sequences provided an unreliable cue to perform the task...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
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