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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342309/prognostic-power-of-a-tumor-differentiation-gene-signature-for-bladder-urothelial-carcinomas
#1
Qianxing Mo, Fotis Nikolos, Fengju Chen, Zoe Tramel, Yu-Cheng Lee, Kazukuni Hayashi, Jing Xiao, Jianjun Shen, Keith Syson Chan
Background: Muscle-invasive bladder cancers (MIBCs) cause approximately 150 000 deaths per year worldwide. Survival for MIBC patients is heterogeneous, with no clinically validated molecular markers that predict clinical outcome. Non-MIBCs (NMIBCs) generally have favorable outcome; however, a portion progress to MIBC. Hence, development of a prognostic tool that can guide decision-making is crucial for improving clinical management of bladder urothelial carcinomas. Methods: Tumor grade is defined by pathologic evaluation of tumor cell differentiation, and it often associates with clinical outcome...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342254/distinctive-desmoplastic-3d-morphology-associated-with-brafv600e-in-papillary-thyroid-cancers
#2
M Tarabichi, A Antoniou, S Le Pennec, D Gacquer, N de Saint Aubain, L Craciun, T Cielen, I Laios, D Larsimont, G Andry, J E Dumont, C Maenhaut, V Detours
Context: Although 60% of papillary thyroid carcinomas are BRAFV600E mutant (PTCV600E), the higher aggressiveness of these cancers is still debated. Objective: In PTCV600E we aimed to further characterize the extent of the stroma and its activation, the 3D tumor-stroma interface, and the proliferation rates of tumor and stromal fibroblasts. Design: We analyzed exomes, trancriptomes and images of 364 PTC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), including 211 PTCV600E; stained 22 independent PTC for BRAFV600E and Ki67; sequenced the exomes and stained BRAFV600E in 5 primary tumor blocks and 4 nodal metastases from one PTCV600E patient; and reconstructed the 3D volumes of one tumor and one metastatic blocks at histological resolution...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342203/biological-pathways-underlying-the-association-of-red-cell-distribution-width-and-adverse-clinical-outcome-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Giedre Zurauskaite, Marc Meier, Alaadin Voegeli, Daniel Koch, Sebastian Haubitz, Alexander Kutz, Luca Bernasconi, Andreas Huber, Mario Bargetzi, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND: Red cell distribution width (RDW) predicts disease outcome in several patient populations, but its prognostic value in addition to other disease parameters in unselected medical inpatients remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate the association of admission RDW levels and mortality adjusted for several disease pathways in unselected medical patients from a previous multicenter study. METHODS: We included consecutive adult, medical patients at the time point of hospital admission through the emergency department into this observational, cohort study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342044/elevated-level-of-myeloperoxidase-deoxyribonucleic-acid-complex-in-the-middle-ear-fluid-obtained-from-patients-with-otitis-media-associated-with-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis
#4
Shinya Morita, Yuji Nakamaru, Daigo Nakazawa, Fumihiko Hattanda, Haruki Shida, Yoshihiro Kusunoki, Kanako Watanabe, Sakiko Masuda, Dai Takagi, Masanobu Suzuki, Kimiko Hoshino, Atsushi Fukuda, Utano Tomaru, Akihiro Homma, Akihiro Ishizu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to explore the presence of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) complex as a surrogate marker of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in the middle ear fluid, and to clarify the correlation between its quantifiable level and hearing outcome in patients with otitis media associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342014/patterns-and-predictors-of-return-to-work-after-major-trauma-a-prospective-population-based-registry-study
#5
Alex Collie, Pamela M Simpson, Peter A Cameron, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Ronan A Lyons, Sandra Braaf, Andrew Nunn, James E Harrison, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of engagement in work during the 4-year period after major traumatic injury, and to identify factors associated with those patterns. BACKGROUND: Employment is an important marker of functional recovery from injury. There are few population-based studies of long-term employment outcomes, and limited data on the patterns of return to work (RTW) after injury. METHODS: A population-based, prospective cohort study using the Victorian State Trauma Registry...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341393/prognostic-and-therapeutic-factors-influencing-the-clinical-outcome-of-hepatoblastoma-after-liver-transplantation-a-single-institute-experience
#6
Katsutsugu Umeda, Hideaki Okajima, Koji Kawaguchi, Seishiro Nodomi, Satoshi Saida, Itaru Kato, Hidefumi Hiramatsu, Eri Ogawa, Atsushi Yoshizawa, Shinya Okamoto, Shinji Uemoto, Kenichiro Watanabe, Souichi Adachi
LT has contributed to an elevation in cure rates for patients with unresectable HB; however, patients with recurrent HB after LT have poor prognosis. To analyze the prognostic and therapeutic factors that influence the clinical outcome of patients with HB receiving LT, we retrospectively analyzed 24 patients with HB who underwent LT between 1997 and 2015. The 5-year OS rate of all patients was 69.6±9.7%. The 5-year OS rate of 11 patients receiving salvage LT for recurrent tumor after a primary resection was comparable to that of 13 patients receiving primary LT...
January 17, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341159/clinicopathological-genomic-and-immunological-factors-in-colorectal-cancer-prognosis
#7
REVIEW
K M Marks, N P West, E Morris, P Quirke
BACKGROUND: Numerous factors affect the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC), many of which have long been identified, such as patient demographics and the multidisciplinary team. In more recent years, molecular and immunological biomarkers have been shown to have a significant influence on patient outcomes. Whilst some of these biomarkers still require ongoing validation, if proven to be worthwhile they may change our understanding and future management of CRC. The aim of this review was to identify the key prognosticators of CRC, including new molecular and immunological biomarkers, and outline how these might fit into the whole wider context for patients...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340881/circulating-free-dna-integrity-and-concentration-as-independent-prognostic-markers-in-metastatic-breast-cancer
#8
Jie Cheng, Tim Holland-Letz, Markus Wallwiener, Harald Surowy, Katarina Cuk, Sarah Schott, Andreas Trumpp, Klaus Pantel, Christof Sohn, Andreas Schneeweiss, Barbara Burwinkel
PURPOSE: Non-invasive blood-based molecular markers have been investigated for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Circulating free or cell-free DNA (cfDNA) variables have been shown to be putative markers in breast cancer prognosis. METHODS: Here, we investigated the potential prognostic ability of cfDNA concentration and cfDNA integrity (cfDI) in a study cohort of 268 patients by quantitative PCR. We compared cfDNA concentration and cfDI at baseline and after one cycle of therapy in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients...
January 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340789/fully-sialylated-alpha-chain-of-complement-4-binding-protein-a2160-a-novel-prognostic-marker-for-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#9
Koji Matsuo, Kazuhiro Tanabe, Masae Ikeda, Takeo Shibata, Hiroshi Kajiwara, Masaki Miyazawa, Mariko Miyazawa, Masaru Hayashi, Masako Shida, Takeshi Hirasawa, Lynda D Roman, Mikio Mikami
PURPOSE: Fully sialylated alpha-chain of complement 4-binding protein (A2160) is a member of the glycoprotein family and has recently been identified as a diagnostic biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer. This study examined the utility of A2160 as a prognostic biomarker for this disease. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected plasma samples from 93 women with stage I-IV epithelial ovarian cancer who underwent primary cytoreductive surgery between 2009 and 2014...
January 16, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340726/prognostic-prediction-models-for-resection-of-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-korean-multicenter-study
#10
Shin Hwang, Jae-Won Joh, Hee Jung Wang, Dong Goo Kim, Kyung Sik Kim, Kyung-Suk Suh, Seong Hoon Kim, Hee Chul Yu, Chol Kyoon Cho, Young-Joo Lee, Ki-Hun Kim, Jong Man Kim, Bong-Wan Kim, Sung-Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: We developed a prognostic prediction model (PPM) using 4 factors for hepatic resection (HR) of large hepatic cellular carcinoma (HCC). Multiplication of α-fetoprotein (AFP), des-γ-carboxy prothrombin, and tumor volume (TV) (ADV score) is a surrogate marker for post-resection prognosis. This study intended to validate the predictive power of 4-factor PPM and to develop new ADV score-based PPM. METHODS: A total of 526 patients who underwent HR for solitary HCC ≥ 8 cm were selected from 9 Korean institutions between 2008 and 2014...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340328/nephrin-loss-can-be-used-to-predict-remission-and-long-term-renal-outcome-in%C3%A2-patients-with-minimal-change-disease
#11
Nina A van de Lest, Malu Zandbergen, Daphne H T IJpelaar, Ron Wolterbeek, Jan A Bruijn, Ingeborg M Bajema, Marion Scharpfenecker
Introduction: Minimal change disease is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome. In general, patients with minimal change disease respond to corticosteroids and have excellent long-term renal survival. However, some patients have less favorable outcome. These patients are often thought to have progressed to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. We previously reported that a segmental loss of podocyte markers is present before the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in a rat model...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340244/an-exploratory-study-of-adolescent-response-to-fluoxetine-using-psychological-and-biological-predictors
#12
Ada H Zohar, Tamar Eilat, Maya Amitai, Michal Taler, Romi Bari, Alon Chen, Alan Apter, Avraham Weizman, Silvana Fennig
Background: Not enough is known about predicting therapeutic response to serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors, and specifically to fluoxetine. This exploratory study used psychological and biological markers for (retrospective) prediction of treatment-response to fluoxetine in depressed and/or anxious adolescents. Methods: Forty-one consecutive adolescent outpatients with a primary diagnosis of severe affective and/or anxiety disorders were assessed and treated with an open-label 8-week trial of fluoxetine...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340109/development-of-a-targeted-sequencing-approach-to-identify-prognostic-predictive-and-diagnostic-markers-in-paediatric-solid-tumours
#13
Elisa Izquierdo, Lina Yuan, Sally George, Michael Hubank, Chris Jones, Paula Proszek, Janet Shipley, Susanne A Gatz, Caedyn Stinson, Andrew S Moore, Steven C Clifford, Debbie Hicks, Janet C Lindsey, Rebecca M Hill, Thomas S Jacques, Jane Chalker, Khin Thway, Simon O'Connor, Lynley Marshall, Lucas Moreno, Andrew Pearson, Louis Chesler, Brian A Walker, David Gonzalez De Castro
The implementation of personalised medicine in childhood cancers has been limited by a lack of clinically validated multi-target sequencing approaches specific for paediatric solid tumours. In order to support innovative clinical trials in high-risk patients with unmet need, we have developed a clinically relevant targeted sequencing panel spanning 311 kb and comprising 78 genes involved in childhood cancers. A total of 132 samples were used for the validation of the panel, including Horizon Discovery cell blends (n=4), cell lines (n=15), formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE, n=83) and fresh frozen tissue (FF, n=30) patient samples...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339689/atherogenic-index-of-plasma-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-marker-in-manic-depressive-and-euthymic-stages-of-bipolar-disorder
#14
Tevfik Kalelioğlu, Pelin Ünalan, Burcu Kök, Şule Sözen, Özge Yüksel, Mustafa Akkuş, Refik Cihnioğlu, Nesrin Karamustafalıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) frequently suffer from cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is a leading cause of mortality. Clinicians use routine laboratory tests, including a lipid profile, to predict cardiovascular risk. In addition, a particular lipid ratio, the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), is a sensitive, new parameter that can be used to assess highrisk groups. To our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating cardiovascular risk via AIP in different stages of BD...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339271/early-increase-in-complement-terminal-pathway-activation-marker-sc5b-9-is-predictive-for-the-development-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy-after-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
Orsolya Horváth, Krisztián Kállay, Dorottya Csuka, Blanka Mező, György Sinkovits, Csaba Kassa, Anita Stréhn, Katalin Csordás, János Sinkó, Zoltán Prohászka, Gergely Kriván
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation- (HSCT-) associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a multifactorial complication, and its prediction is largely unresolved.Our aim was to analyze changes of complement profile after HSCT in order to identify potential markers of TA-TMA development. Thirty- three consecutive pediatric patients (9.6 ± 4.4 years old) were included in this study who underwent allogeneic HSCT due to malignant (n=17) or non malignant (n=16) indications. Graft versus host disease (GVHD) was diagnosed using Glucksberg criteria, viral reactivation was monitored, five different TA-TMA diagnostic criteria were applied and all important clinical and laboratory parameters of TA-TMA activity were registered...
January 12, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339176/the-absence-of-class-iii-%C3%AE-tubulin-is-predictive-of-a-favorable-response-to-nab-paclitaxel-and-gemcitabine-in-patients-with-unresectable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#16
Akihisa Kato, Aya Naiki-Ito, Itaru Naitoh, Kazuki Hayashi, Takahiro Nakazawa, Shuya Shimizu, Yuji Nishi, Fumihiro Okumura, Inoue Tadahisa, Hiroki Takada, Hiromu Kondo, Michihiro Yoshida, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
The combined administration of nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine (nab-P + Gem) is a standard chemotherapy for unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (UR-PDAC); thus, a predictive biomarker to identify patients best suited for nab-P + Gem therapy would be useful. Class III β-tubulin (TUBB3) has been reported to be a predictive marker for taxane resistance in various tumors. However, the correlation between TUBB3 expression and the response to nab-P + Gem in patients with UR-PDAC has not been evaluated. We retrospectively reviewed 75 patients with UR-PDAC who received nab-P + Gem...
January 12, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339127/the-basophil-activation-test-can-be-of-value-for-diagnosing-immediate-allergic-reactions-to%C3%A2-omeprazole
#17
Jose J Laguna, Gador Bogas, Maria Salas, Cristobalina Mayorga, Javier Dionicio, Rosario Gonzalez-Mendiola, Adriana Ariza, Ruben Fernández-Santamaría, Isabel Olazabal, Inmaculada Doña, Tahia D Fernandez, Maria J Torres
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly used to treat gastrointestinal diseases. Incidence of hypersensitivity reactions to PPIs has risen, likely because of increased consumption. Their diagnosis is difficult, with skin tests (STs) presenting low sensitivity, making it necessary to perform drug provocation tests (DPTs). The value of in vitro tests for the diagnosis of immediate reaction to PPI is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic value of the basophil activation test (BAT) in a group of patients diagnosed with immediate allergy to omeprazole...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339066/apolipoprotein-a-i-a-favorable-prognostic-marker-in-infective-endocarditis
#18
Xue-Biao Wei, Xiao-Jin Chen, Yuan-Ling Li, Jie-Leng Huang, Xiao-Lan Chen, Dan-Qing Yu, Ning Tan, Yuan-Hui Liu, Ji-Yan Chen, Peng-Cheng He
BACKGROUND: Decreased apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are common in inflammation and sepsis. No study with a large sample size has been performed to investigate the prognostic value of apoA-I or HDL-C in infective endocarditis (IE). OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to explore the prognostic value of apoA-I and HDL-C for adverse outcomes in IE patients. METHODS: Patients with a definite diagnosis of IE between January 2009 and July 2015 were enrolled and divided into 3 groups according to their apoA-I tertiles at admission...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339043/the-relationship-between-red-cell-distribution-width-and-cancer-specific-survival-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-partial-and-radical-nephrectomy
#19
Marcin Życzkowski, Paweł Rajwa, Ewa Gabrys, Karolina Jakubowska, Ewelina Jantos, Andrzej Paradysz
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of red cell distribution width (RDW) on cancer-specific survival (CSS) in patients who undergo nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total number of 434 patients with pathologically proven RCC treated with radical or partial nephrectomy between 2003 and 2012 were identified in a single tertiary academic center. To evaluate the accuracy of RDW for CSS prediction, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338886/overweight-and-obesity-status-in-pregnant-women-are-related-to-intestinal-microbiota-and-serum-metabolic-and-inflammatory-profiles
#20
Noora Houttu, Kati Mokkala, Kirsi Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity may predispose women to clinical complications during their pregnancy. We hypothesize that a higher degree of overweight status is related to a range of aberrations in biomarkers already in early pregnancy. Our objective was to investigate whether intestinal microbiota, serum metabolic and inflammatory profiles differ in relation to the degree of overweight status in pregnant women. METHODS: This study investigated 52 overweight and 47 obese pregnant women in early pregnancy...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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