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perovskite solar cell

Chien-Yu Chen, Hung-Yu Lin, Kai-Ming Chiang, Wei-Lun Tsai, Yu-Ching Huang, Cheng-Si Tsao, Hao-Wu Lin
Vacuum-sublimed inorganic cesium lead halide perovskite thin films are prepared and integrated in all-vacuum-deposited solar cells. Special care is taken to determine the stoichiometric balance of the sublimation precursors, which has great influence on the device performance. The mixed halide devices exhibit exceptional stabilized power conversion efficiency (11.8%) and promising thermal and long-term stabilities.
January 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
Taisuke Matsui, Ji-Youn Seo, Michael Saliba, Shaik M Zakeeruddin, Michael Grätzel
A room-temperature perovskite material yielding a power conversion efficiency of 18.1% (stabilized at 17.7%) is demonstrated by judicious selection of cations. Both cesium and methylammonium are necessary for room-temperature formamidinium-based perovskite to obtain the photoactive crystalline perovskite phase and high-quality crystals. This room-temperature-made perovskite material shows great potential for low-cost, large-scale manufacturing such as roll-to-roll process.
January 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
Taehyun Hwang, Sangheon Lee, Jinhyun Kim, Jaewon Kim, Chunjoong Kim, Byungha Shin, Byungwoo Park
Architectural control over the mesoporous TiO2 film, a common electron-transport layer for organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells, is conducted by employing sub-micron sized polystyrene beads as sacrificial template. Such tailored TiO2 layer is shown to induce asymmetric enhancement of light absorption notably in the long-wavelength region with red-shifted absorption onset of perovskite, leading to ~20% increase of photocurrent and ~10% increase of power conversion efficiency. This enhancement is likely to be originated from the enlarged CH3NH3PbI3(Cl) grains residing in the sub-micron pores rather than from the effect of reduced perovskite-TiO2 interfacial area, which is supported from optical bandgap change, haze transmission of incident light, and one-diode model parameters correlated with the internal surface area of microporous TiO2 layers...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Molang Cai, Yongzhen Wu, Han Chen, Xudong Yang, Yinghuai Qiang, Liyuan Han
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are promising candidates for the next generation of solar cells because they are easy to fabricate and have high power conversion efficiencies. However, there has been no detailed analysis of the cost of PSC modules. We selected two representative examples of PSCs and performed a cost analysis of their productions: one was a moderate-efficiency module produced from cheap materials, and the other was a high-efficiency module produced from expensive materials. The costs of both modules were found to be lower than those of other photovoltaic technologies...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Yu Yu, Songwang Yang, Lei Lei, Qipeng Cao, Jun Shao, Sheng Zhang, Yan Liu
Most antisolvents employed in previous research were miscible with perovskite precursor solution. They always led to fast formation of perovskite even if the intermediate stage existed, which was not beneficial to obtain high quality perovskite films and made the formation process less controllable. In this work, a novel ethyl ether/n-hexane mixed antisolvent (MAS) was used to achieve high nucleation density and slow down the formation process of perovskite, producing films with improved orientation of grains and ultrasmooth surfaces...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhen-Long Zhang, Jun-Feng Li, Xiao-Li Wang, Jian-Qiang Qin, Wen-Jia Shi, Yue-Feng Liu, Hui-Ping Gao, Yan-Li Mao
In this paper, N-doped TiO2 (N-TiO2) nanorod arrays were synthesized with hydrothermal method, and perovskite solar cells were fabricated using them as electron transfer layer. The solar cell performance was optimized by changing the N doping contents. The power conversion efficiency of solar cells based on N-TiO2 with the N doping content of 1% (N/Ti, atomic ratio) has been achieved 11.1%, which was 14.7% higher than that of solar cells based on un-doped TiO2. To get an insight into the improvement, some investigations were performed...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Esmaiel Nouri, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Panagiotis Lianos
Perovskite solar cells with an inverted p-i-n architecture were constructed under ambient conditions by employing materials of lower cost than standard cells. Thus, graphene oxide was used as a hole transporting material and Li-modified graphene oxide as an electron transporting material, while Al was used as a counter electrode. A maximum solar conversion efficiency of 10.2% was achieved by adding a Ti-based sol on the top of the Li-modified graphene oxide layer.
January 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Min-Chuan Shih, Shao-Sian Li, Cheng-Hua Hsieh, Ying-Chiao Wang, Hung-Duen Yang, Ya-Ping Chiu, Chia-Seng Chang, Chun-Wei Chen
The presence of the PbI2 passivation layers at perovskite crystal grains has been found to con-siderably affect the charge carrier transport behaviors and device performance of perovskite so-lar cells. This work demonstrates the application of a novel light-modulated scanning tunneling microscopy (LM-STM) technique to reveal the interfacial electronic structures at the hetero-interfaces between CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite crystals and PbI2 passivation layer of individual perovskite grains under light illumination...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
Xiaozhou Yu, Ying Qin, Qing Peng
Packaging methylammonium lead iodide perovskite (MAPbI3) based solar cells with a controlled gaseous atmosphere, such as N2 or dry air, is a promising solution for its application as outdoor photovoltaics. However, the effect of N2 and O2 on the decomposition chemistry and kinetics of MAPbI3 is not well understood yet. With in-situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements, we show that the effective activation energy for the degradation of MAPbI3 in N2 is ~ 120 kJ/mol. The decomposition of MAPbI3 is greatly enhanced when MAPbI3 is exposed to O2...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Daniel A Jacobs, Yiliang Wu, Heping Shen, Chog Barugkin, Fiona J Beck, Thomas P White, Klaus Weber, Kylie R Catchpole
The issue of hysteresis in perovskite solar cells has now been convincingly linked to the presence of mobile ions within the perovskite layer. Here we test the limits of the ionic theory by attempting to account for a number of exotic characterization results using a detailed numerical device model that incorporates ionic charge accumulation at the perovskite interfaces. Our experimental observations include a temporary enhancement in open-circuit voltage following prolonged periods of negative bias, dramatically S-shaped current-voltage sweeps, decreased current extraction following positive biasing or "inverted hysteresis", and non-monotonic transient behaviours in the dark and the light...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xuhui Zhang, Jiajiu Ye, Liangzheng Zhu, Haiying Zheng, Guozhen Liu, Xuepeng Liu, Bin Duan, Xu Pan, Songyuan Dai
Two-step deposition has been widely used in the perovskite layer preparation for perovskite solar cells due to its attractive morphology controllability. However, the limited diffusivity of CH3NH3I (MAI) might cause some PbI2 to remain in the perovskite film. The residual PbI2 in the perovskite film would lead to inferior performance of devices, such as, low power conversion efficiency (PCE), poor reproducibility and weak air stability. In this work, we developed a sandwich structure MAI-PbI2-MAI precursor film to prepare a PbI2-free CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite film...
January 11, 2017: Nanoscale
Aibin Huang, Lei Lei, Jingting Zhu, Yu Yu, Yan Liu, Songwang Yang, Shanhu Bao, Xun Cao, Ping Jin
The short circuit current density of perovskite solar cell (PSC) was boosted by modulating the dominated plane facets of TiO2 electron transport layer (ETL). Under optimized condition, TiO2 with dominant {001} facets showed (i) low incident light loss, (ii) highly smooth surface and excellent wettability for precursor solution, (iii) efficient electron extraction and (iv) high conductivity in perovskite photovoltaic application. A current density of 24.19 mA•cm-2 was achieved as a value near the maximum limit...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaoming Li, Fei Cao, Dejian Yu, Jun Chen, Zhiguo Sun, Yalong Shen, Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Yi Wei, Ye Wu, Haibo Zeng
The recent success of organometallic halide perovskites (OHPs) in photovoltaic devices has triggered lots of corresponding research and many perovskite analogues have been developed to look for devices with comparable performance but better stability. Upon the preparation of all inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals (IHP NCs), research activities have soared due to their better stability, ultrahigh photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY), and composition dependent luminescence covering the whole visible region with narrow line-width...
January 9, 2017: Small
Holly F Zarick, Abdelaziz Boulesbaa, Alexander A Puretzky, Eric M Talbert, Zachary R DeBra, Naiya Soetan, David B Geohegan, Rizia Bardhan
In this work, we examine the impact of hybrid bimetallic Au/Ag core/shell nanostructures on the carrier dynamics of methylammonium lead tribromide (MAPbBr3) mesoporous perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Plasmon-enhanced PSCs incorporated with Au/Ag nanostructures demonstrated improved light harvesting and increased power conversion efficiency by 26% relative to reference devices. Two complementary spectral techniques, transient absorption spectroscopy (TAS) and time-resolved photoluminescence (trPL), were employed to gain a mechanistic understanding of plasmonic enhancement processes...
January 9, 2017: Nanoscale
K O Brinkmann, J Zhao, N Pourdavoud, T Becker, T Hu, S Olthof, K Meerholz, L Hoffmann, T Gahlmann, R Heiderhoff, M F Oszajca, N A Luechinger, D Rogalla, Y Chen, B Cheng, T Riedl
The area of thin-film photovoltaics has been overwhelmed by organometal halide perovskites. Unfortunately, serious stability concerns arise with perovskite solar cells. For example, methyl-ammonium lead iodide is known to decompose in the presence of water and, more severely, even under inert conditions at elevated temperatures. Here, we demonstrate inverted perovskite solar cells, in which the decomposition of the perovskite is significantly mitigated even at elevated temperatures. Specifically, we introduce a bilayered electron-extraction interlayer consisting of aluminium-doped zinc oxide and tin oxide...
January 9, 2017: Nature Communications
Christopher N Savory, Aron Walsh, David O Scanlon
The methylammonium lead halides have become champion photoactive semiconductors for solar cell applications; however, issues still remain with respect to chemical instability and potential toxicity. Recently, the Cs2AgBiX6 (X = Cl, Br) double perovskite family has been synthesized and investigated as stable nontoxic replacements. We probe the chemical bonding, physical properties, and cation anti-site disorder of Cs2AgBiX6 and related compounds from first-principles. We demonstrate that the combination of Ag(I) and Bi(III) leads to the wide indirect band gaps with large carrier effective masses owing to a mismatch in angular momentum of the frontier atomic orbitals...
November 11, 2016: ACS Energy Lett
S Carretero-Palacios, A Jiménez-Solano, H Míguez
In this Perspective we discuss the implications of employing metal particles of different shape, size, and composition as absorption enhancers in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells, with the aim of establishing some guidelines for the future development of plasmonic resonance-based photovoltaic devices. Hybrid perovskites present an extraordinarily high absorption coefficient which, as we show here, makes it difficult to extrapolate concepts and designs that are applied to other solution-processed photovoltaic materials...
July 8, 2016: ACS Energy Lett
Junwen Li, Paul M Haney
We study the circular photogalvanic effect in the organometal halide perovskite solar cell absorber CH3NH3PbI3. The calculated photocurrent density for a system with broken inversion symmetry is about 10(-9) A/W, comparable to the previously studied quantum well and bulk Rashba systems. The circular photogalvanic effect relies on inversion symmetry breaking, so that by tuning the optical penetration depth, the degree of inversion symmetry breaking can be probed at different depths from the sample surface. We propose that measurements of this effect may clarify the presence or absence of inversion symmetry, which remains a controversial issue and has been argued to play an important role in the high conversion efficiency of this material...
November 2016: Applied Physics Letters
Guang Yang, Hongwei Lei, Hong Tao, Xiaolu Zheng, Junjie Ma, Qin Liu, Weijun Ke, Zhiliang Chen, Liangbin Xiong, Pingli Qin, Zhao Chen, Minchao Qin, Xinhui Lu, Yanfa Yan, Guojia Fang
Despite the rapid increase of efficiency, perovskite solar cells (PSCs) still face some challenges, one of which is the current-voltage hysteresis. Herein, it is reported that yttrium-doped tin dioxide (Y-SnO2 ) electron selective layer (ESL) synthesized by an in situ hydrothermal growth process at 95 °C can significantly reduce the hysteresis and improve the performance of PSCs. Comparison studies reveal two main effects of Y doping of SnO2 ESLs: (1) it promotes the formation of well-aligned and more homogeneous distribution of SnO2 nanosheet arrays (NSAs), which allows better perovskite infiltration, better contacts of perovskite with SnO2 nanosheets, and improves electron transfer from perovskite to ESL; (2) it enlarges the band gap and upshifts the band energy levels, resulting in better energy level alignment with perovskite and reduced charge recombination at NSA/perovskite interfaces...
January 2017: Small
Guohua Dong, Debin Xia, Yulin Yang, Li Shenga, Tengling Ye, Ruiqing Fan
The conventional perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with 2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(N,N-dimethoxyphenylamine)-9,9'-spirobifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD) as a hole transporting material commonly suffer from poor stability and reproducibility mainly due to the process of placing the devices in air and illumination for oxidizing the spiro-OMeTAD. Herein, Keggin-type polyoxometalates (POMs)-phosphovanadomolybdate (H4PMo11V·nH2O, denoted as PMo11V) is for the first time employed as a p-type dopant for promoting the oxidation of spiro-OMeTAD...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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