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organic solar cell

Yankang Yang, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Haijun Bin, Shanshan Chen, Liang Gao, Lingwei Xue, Changduk Yang, Yongfang Li
Low bandgap n-type organic semiconductor (n-OS) ITIC has attracted great attention for the application as acceptor with medium bandgap p-type conjugated polymer as donor in non-fullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs) because of its attractive photovoltaic performance. Here we report a modification on the molecular structure of ITIC by side chain isomerization with meta-alkyl-phenyl substitution, m-ITIC, to further improve its photovoltaic performance. Compared with its isomeric counterpart ITIC with para-alkyl-phenyl substitution, m-ITIC shows a higher film absorption coefficient, a larger crystalline coherence and higher electron mobility...
October 25, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Quentin Jeangros, Martial Duchamp, Jérémie Werner, Maximilian Kruth, Rafal E Dunin-Borkowski, Björn Niesen, Christophe Ballif, Aïcha Hessler-Wyser
Changes in the nanostructure of methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) perovskite solar cells are assessed as a function of current/voltage stimulus by biasing thin samples in situ in a transmission electron microscope. Various degradation pathways are identified both in situ and ex situ, predominantly at the positively biased MAPbI3 interface. Iodide migrates into the positively biased transport layer and also volatilises along with organic species, which triggers the nucleation of PbI2 nanoparticles and voids and hence decreases the cell performance...
October 24, 2016: Nano Letters
Laurent Pedesseau, Daniel Sapori, Boubacar Traore, Roberto Robles, Hong-Hua Fang, Maria Antonietta Loi, Hsinhan Tsai, Wanyi Nie, Jean-Christophe Blancon, Amanda Neukirch, Sergei Tretiak, Aditya D Mohite, Claudine Katan, Jacky Even, Mikaël Kepenekian
Layered halide hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites (HOP) have been the subject of intense investigation before the rise of three-dimensional (3D) HOP and their impressive performance in solar cells. Recently, layered HOP have also been proposed as attractive alternatives for photostable solar cells and revisited for light-emitting devices. In this review, we combine classical solid-state physics concepts with simulation tools based on density functional theory to overview the main features of the optoelectronic properties of layered HOP...
October 24, 2016: ACS Nano
Ayyanar Karuppasamy, Kesavan Stalindurai, Jia-De Peng, Kuo-Chuan Ho, Chennan Ramalingan
Reported herein are six novel metal free organic dyes such as PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 featuring fused heterocyclic structural motifs such as phenothiazine and alkylcarbazole. Photophysical/electrochemical properties and nanocrystalline TiO2 based dye-sensitized solar cell performance of the same have been investigated. Electronic distribution within the molecules has been determined through a computational approach. The overall power conversion efficiencies of the devices with the utilization of dyes PCA1-PCA3 and PCTA1-PCTA3 as sensitizers ranges between 4...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Stephane Berny, Nicolas Blouin, Andreas Distler, Hans-Joachim Egelhaaf, Michal Krompiec, Andreas Lohr, Owen R Lozman, Graham E Morse, Lana Nanson, Agnieszka Pron, Tobias Sauermann, Nico Seidler, Steve Tierney, Priti Tiwana, Michael Wagner, Henry Wilson
The technology behind a large area array of flexible solar cells with a unique design and semitransparent blue appearance is presented. These modules are implemented in a solar tree installation at the German pavilion in the EXPO2015 in Milan/IT. The modules show power conversion efficiencies of 4.5% and are produced exclusively using standard printing techniques for large-scale production.
May 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Miguel Anaya, Juan P Correa-Baena, Gabriel Lozano, Michael Saliba, Pablo Anguita, Bart Roose, Antonio Abate, Ullrich Steiner, Michael Grätzel, Mauricio E Calvo, Anders Hagfeldt, Hernán Míguez
Organic-inorganic perovskite structures in which lead is substituted by tin are exceptional candidates for broadband light absorption. Herein we present a thorough analysis of the optical properties of CH3NH3Sn x Pb1-x I3 films, providing the field with definitive insights about the possibilities of these materials for perovskite solar cells of superior efficiency. We report a user's guide based on the first set of optical constants obtained for a series of tin/lead perovskite films, which was only possible to measure due to the preparation of optical quality thin layers...
August 7, 2016: Journal of Materials Chemistry. A, Materials for Energy and Sustainability
Subhadip Goswami, Lin Ma, Alex B F Martinson, Michael R Wasielewski, Omar K Farha, Joseph T Hupp
Owing to their ability to act as light-harvesting scaffolds, porphyrin-containing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are in the forefront of research on the application of highly ordered molecular materials to problems in solar-energy conversion. In this work, solvent assisted linker exchange (SALE) is performed on a pillared paddlewheel porphyrin containing MOF thin film to collapse a 3D-framework to a 2D-framework. The change in dimensionality of the framework is confirmed by a decrease in the film thickness, the magnitude of which is in agreement with crystallographic parameters for related bulk materials...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mitsuhiro Ueda, Tsukasa Sakaguchi, Miho Hayama, Takafumi Nakagawa, Yutaka Matsuo, Aiko Munechika, Shunsuke Yoshida, Hiroshi Yasuda, Ilhyong Ryu
The intermolecular [2+2] cycloaddition of allenol esters, which were in situ generated by Pt-catalyzed 1,3-acyloxy migration of propargylic esters, with C60 proceeded regio- and stereo-selectively to give a novel class of alkylidenecyclobutane-annulated fullerenes. The cyclobutane-annulated fullerene derivatives have high-lying LUMO levels, which gave a high open-circuit voltage in organic solar cell applications. The observed high electron mobility provided a good fill factor compared with the PCBM-based devices...
October 21, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
P S Whitfield, N Herron, W E Guise, K Page, Y Q Cheng, I Milas, M K Crawford
We have examined the crystal structures and structural phase transitions of the deuterated, partially deuterated and hydrogenous organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) using time-of-flight neutron and synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. Near 330 K the high temperature cubic phases transformed to a body-centered tetragonal phase. The variation of the order parameter Q for this transition scaled with temperature T as Q ∼ (Tc-T)(β), where Tc is the critical temperature and the exponent β was close to ¼, as predicted for a tricritical phase transition...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Eui Jin Lee, Jae Pil Han, Seung Eun Jung, Min Hee Choi, Doo Kyung Moon
In this study, we fabricated conventional structured organic solar cells (OSCs) by introducing a hole extraction layer (HEL) that consisted of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) and conjugated polymer electrolyte (CPE) poly[9,9-bis(4'-sulfonatobutyl)fluorene-alt-thiophene] (PFT-D). PFT-D has a -SO3(-) functional group that acts as a conjugate base against the -SO3H of PSS. In addition, the molecular dipole of PFT-D can screen the coulombic attraction between PEDOT chains and PSS chains...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Pablo Arturo Fernández Garrillo, Lukasz Borowik, Florent Caffy, Renaud Demadrille, Benjamin Grevin
Investigating the photo-carrier dynamics in nanostructured and heterogeneous energy materials is of crucial importance from both fundamental and technological points of view. Here, we demonstrate how non-contact atomic force microscopy combined with Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy under frequency modulated illumination can be used to simultaneously image the surface photo-potential dynamics at different timescales with a sub-10 nm lateral resolution. The basic principle of the method consists in the acquisition of spectroscopic curves of the surface potential as a function of the illumination frequency modulation on a two dimensional grid...
October 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tobias Janoschka, Norbert Martin, Martin D Hager, Ulrich S Schubert
Redox-flow batteries (RFB) can easily store large amounts of electric energy and thereby mitigate the fluctuating output of renewable power plants. They are widely discussed as energy-storage solutions for wind and solar farms to improve the stability of the electrical grid. Most common RFB concepts are based on strongly acidic metal-salt solutions or poorly performing organics. Herein we present a battery which employs the highly soluble N,N,N-2,2,6,6-heptamethylpiperidinyl oxy-4-ammonium chloride (TEMPTMA) and the viologen derivative N,N'-dimethyl-4,4-bipyridinium dichloride (MV) in a simple and safe aqueous solution as redox-active materials...
October 18, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Atanu Jana, Masatoshi Ishida, Jung Su Park, Steffen Bähring, Jan O Jeppesen, Jonathan L Sessler
After the epochal discovery of the "organic metal", namely, tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane (TCNQ) dyad in 1973, scientists have made efforts to derivatize TTF for constructing various supramolecular architectures to control the charge-transfer processes by adjusting the donor-acceptor strength of the dyads for numerous applications. The interesting inherent electronic donor properties of TTFs control the overall electrochemical properties of the supramolecular structures, leading to the construction of highly efficient optoelectronic materials, photovoltaic solar cells, organic field-effect transistors, and optical sensors...
October 18, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Yasemin Saygili, Magnus Söderberg, Norman Pellet, Fabrizio Giordano, Yiming Cao, Ana B Munoz-Garcia, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Nick Vlachopoulos, Michele Pavone, Gerrit Boschloo, Ladislav Kavan, Jacques-E Moser, Michael Grätzel, Anders Hagfeldt, Marina Freitag
Redox mediators play a major role determining the photocurrent and the photovoltage in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). To maintain the photocurrent, the reduction of oxidized dye by the redox mediator should be significantly faster than the back electron transfer between TiO2 and the oxidized dye. The driving force for dye regeneration with the redox mediator should be sufficiently low to provide high photovoltages. With our introduction of new copper complexes as promising redox mediators in DSCs both criteria are satisfied to enhance power conversion efficiencies...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Giles E Eperon, David Moerman, David S Ginger
We use high-resolution, spatially resolved, laser beam induced current, confocal photoluminescence, and photoconductive atomic force microscopy (pcAFM) measurements to correlate local solar cell performance with spatially heterogeneous local material properties in methylammonium lead triiodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite solar cells. We find that, for this material and device architecture, the photocurrent heterogeneity measured via pcAFM on devices missing a top selective contact with traditional Au-coated tips is significantly larger than the photocurrent heterogeneity observed in full devices with both electron- and hole-selective extraction layers, indicating that extraction barriers at the Au/perovskite interface are ameliorated by deposition of the organic charge extraction layer...
October 17, 2016: ACS Nano
Dong Jin Lee, G Mohan Kumar, P Ilanchezhiyan, Jae-Chul Lee, Sung Ryong Ryu, Tae Won Kang
Nowadays, solid-state inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells based on one-dimensional (1D) inorganic semiconducting nanostructures and organic polymers are believed to offer convincing solutions for the realm of next generation solar cells. In this regard, 1D ZnCdS nanowire (NW) arrays were fabricated on transparent conducting substrates through a catalyst free co-evaporation method and their wurtzite structural characteristics, 1D morphological layout and valence state/composition were studied in detail using X-ray diffraction, high-resolution electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Laura Calió, Samrana Kazim, Michael Grätzel, Shahzada Ahmad
The pressure to move towards renewable energy has inspired researchers to look for ideas in photovoltaics that may lead to a major breakthrough. Recently the use of perovskites as a light harvester has lead to stunning progress. The power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells is now approaching parity (>22 %) with that of the established technology which took decades to reach this level of performance. The use of a hole transport material (HTM) remains indispensable in perovskite solar cells...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Liangang Xiao, Song Chen, Ke Gao, Xiaobin Peng, Feng Liu, Yong Cao, Wai-Yeung Wong, Wai-Kwok Wong, Xunjin Zhu
To mimic the natural photosynthetic systems utilizing chlorophylls to absorb light and store light energy, two new porphyrin-based small molecules of PTTR and PTTCNR have been developed for photovoltaic applications. The highest power conversion efficiency of 8.21% is achieved, corresponding to a short-circuit current of 14.30 mA cm-2, open-circuit voltage of 0.82 V, and fill factor of 70.01%. The excellent device performances can be ascribed to the engineering of molecule structure and film morphology. The horizontal conjugation of 3,3''-dihexyl-terthiophene to porphyrin-core with the vertical aliphatic 2-octylundecyl peripheral substitutions, can not only effectively increase the solar flux coverage between the conventional Soret and Q bands of porphyrin unit, but also optimize molecular packing through polymorphism associated with side-chains and the linear π-conjugated backbones...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Susana Arrechea, Ana Aljarilla, Pilar de la Cruz, Emilio Palomares, Ganesh D Sharma, Fernando Langa
Two new conjugated acceptor-π-donor-π-acceptor (A-π-D-π-A) porphyrins have been synthesised using 3-ethylrhodanine (1a) or dicyanovinylene (1b) groups as acceptor units. Their optical and electrochemical properties made these materials excellent electron donors along with PC71BM as the acceptor for solution-processed bulk heterojunction organic solar cells. The devices based on 1a:PC71BM (1 : 2) and 1b:PC71BM (1 : 2) processed with CB showed low power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of 2.30% and 2...
October 12, 2016: Nanoscale
Marta Haro, Claudia Solis, Vicente M Blas-Ferrando, Olivier Margeat, Sadok Ben Dhkil, Christine Videlot-Ackermann, Jörg Ackermann, Fabio Di Fonzo, Antonio Guerrero, Sixto Gimenez
Here, we have developed an organic photocathode for water reduction to H2 , delivering more than 1 mA cm(-2) at 0 V versus RHE and above 3 mA cm(-2) at -0.5 V versus RHE with moderate stability under neutral pH conditions. The initial competitive reduction of water to H2 and ZnO to metallic Zn is responsible for the dynamic behaviour of both photocurrent and Faradaic efficiency of the device, which reaches 100 % Faradaic efficiency after 90 min operation. In any case, outstanding stable H2 flow of approximately 2 μmol h(-1) is measured over 1 h at 0 V versus RHE and at neutral pH, after equilibrium between the Zn(2+) /Zn(0) concentration in the AZO film is reached...
October 12, 2016: ChemSusChem
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