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organic solar cell

Fuchuan Liu, Tianyu Hou, Xiangfei Xu, Liya Sun, Jiawang Zhou, Xingang Zhao, Shiming Zhang
Recently, research on nonfullerene acceptors in organic solar cells has gradually become a hot topic due to such superior characteristics of light absorption and energy-level-convenient manipulation, multiformity of the photoactive material structures, as well as the extensive area in production compared to the fullerene derivatives. However, the nonfullerene acceptors evolved slowly before 2012 and, as a matter of fact, the power conversion efficiency values could only bear 2.0%. Strikingly, nonfullerene acceptors have developed at a fast pace since 2013, with the best device performance of 13...
November 20, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Felix Lang, Oleksandra Shargaieva, Viktor V Brus, Heinz C Neitzert, Jörg Rappich, Norbert H Nickel
Organic-inorganic perovskites are well suited for optoelectronic applications. In particular, perovskite single and perovskite tandem solar cells with silicon are close to their market entry. Despite their swift rise in efficiency to more than 21%, solar cell lifetimes are way below the needed 25 years. In fact, comparison of the time when the device performance has degraded to 80% of its initial value (T80 lifetime) of numerous solar cells throughout the literature reveals a strongly reduced stability under illumination...
November 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
Yasunari Tamai, Yeli Fan, Vincent O Kim, Kostiantyn Ziabrev, Akshay Rao, Stephen Barlow, Seth R Marder, Richard H Friend, S Matthew Menke
Rapid, long-range charge separation in polymer-fullerene organic solar cells (OSCs) enables electrons and holes to move beyond their Coulomb capture radius and overcome geminate recombination. Understanding the nature of charge generation and recombination mechanisms in efficient, nonfullerene-acceptor-based OSCs are critical to further improve device performance. Here we report charge dynamics in an OSC using a perylene diimide (PDI) dimer acceptor. We use transient absorption spectroscopy to track the time evolution of electroabsorption caused by the dipolar electric field generated between electron-hole pairs as they separate after ionization at the donor-acceptor interface...
November 17, 2017: ACS Nano
Yongxi Li, Jiu-Dong Lin, Xiaozhou Che, Yue Qu, Feng Liu, Liang-Sheng Liao, Stephen R Forrest
The absence of near-infrared (NIR) solar cells with high open circuit voltage (Voc) and external quantum efficiency (EQE) has impeded progress toward achieving organic photovoltaic (OPV) power conversion efficiency PCE > 15%. Here we report a small energy gap (1.3 eV), chlorinated nonfullerene acceptor-based solar cell with PCE = 11.2 ± 0.4%, short circuit current of 22.5 ± 0.6 mA cm(-2), Voc = 0.70 ± 0.01 V and fill factor of 0.71 ± 0.02, which is the highest performance reported to date for NIR single junction OPVs...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jiajing Feng, Wei Jiang, Zhaohui Wang
Rylene imide dyes have been among the most promising organic semiconducting materials for several years due to their remarkable optoelectronic properties and high chemical/thermal persistency. In the past decades, various spendid rylene imide dyes have been developed for optoelectronic devices, such as organic solar cells (OSCs) and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Recently, tremendous progress of perylene diimides (PDIs) and the analogues used in OSCs has been witnessed attributed to their ease of functionalization...
November 16, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Qing-Qing Pan, Shuang-Bao Li, Ying-Chen Duan, Yong Wu, Ji Zhang, Yun Geng, Liang Zhao, Zhong-Min Su
The interface characteristic is a crucial factor determining the power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells (OSCs). In this work, our aim is to conduct a comparative study on the interface characteristics between the very famous non-fullerene acceptor, ITIC, and a fullerene acceptor, PC71BM by combining molecular dynamics simulations with density functional theory. Based on some typical interface models of the acceptor ITIC or PC71BM and the donor PBDB-T selected from MD simulation, besides the evaluation of charge separation/recombination rates, the relative positions of Frenkel exciton (FE) states and the charge transfer states along with their oscillator strengths are also employed to estimate the charge separation abilities...
November 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mariana Cecilio de Oliveira Monteiro, Patrik Schmuki, Manuela Sonja Killian
The effect of different post-treatments on TiO2 anatase surface reactivity was investigated, in order to obtain the best techniques for enhancing anatase performance in diverse applications, e.g. in photocatalysis and especially as photoelectrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Different post-treatments of compact anodic anatase TiO2 were compared, including O2 plasma, UV irradiation, immersion in H2O2, vapor thermal treatment and post-anodization, evaluating the increase of the amount of OH reactive groups on the surface and removal of surface contamination...
November 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Suman, Anirban Bagui, Ram Datt, Vinay Gupta, Surya Prakash Singh
A small molecule non-fullerene acceptor based on a fluorene core having a furan π-spacer and end capped with rhodanine (FRd2) is developed for solution processable bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs). The simplistic synthetic protocol reduces several reaction steps and hence production cost. Extended π-conjugation via furan units and the presence of electronegative rhodanine groups result in a power conversion efficiency of 9.4% in OSCs, which is the highest so far among these categories of molecules...
November 15, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Ming-Hsien Li, Yu-Syuan Yang, Kuo-Chin Wang, Yu-Hsien Chiang, Po-Shen Shen, Wei-Chih Lai, Tzung-Fang Guo, Peter Chen
A robust and recyclable monolithic substrate applying all-inorganic metal-oxide selective contact with nanoporous (np) Au:NiOx counter electrode is successfully demonstrated for efficient perovskite solar cells, of which the perovskite active layer is deposited in the final step for device fabrication. Through annealing of the Ni/Au bilayer, the nanoporous NiO/Au electrode is formed in virtue of interconnected Au network embedded in oxidized Ni. By optimizing the annealing parameters and tuning the mesoscopic layer thickness (mp-TiO2 and mp-Al2O3), a decent PCE of 10...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhibin Yang, Adharsh Rajagopal, Alex K-Y Jen
Extremely high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of ≈20-22% are realized through intensive research and development of 1.5-1.6 eV bandgap perovskite absorbers. However, development of ideal bandgap (1.3-1.4 eV) absorbers is pivotal to further improve PCE of single junction perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) because of a better balance between absorption loss of sub-bandgap photons and thermalization loss of above-bandgap photons as demonstrated by the Shockley-Queisser detailed balanced calculation. Ideal bandgap PVSCs are currently hindered by the poor optoelectronic quality of perovskite absorbers and their PCEs have stagnated at <15%...
November 14, 2017: Advanced Materials
Zubair Ahmad, Mansoor Ani Najeeb, R A Shakoor, Abdulla Alashraf, Shaheen A Al-Muhtaseb, Ahmed Soliman, M K Nazeeruddin
Organic-inorganic halide perovskites have rapidly grown as favorable materials for photovoltaic applications, but accomplishing long-term stability is still a major research problem. This work demonstrates a new insight on instability and degradation factors in CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells aging with time in open air. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has been used to investigate the compositional changes caused by device degradation over the period of 1000 hrs. XPS spectra confirm the migration of metallic ions from the bottom electrode (ITO) as a key factor causing the chemical composition change in the perovskite layer besides the diffusion of oxygen...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anke König, Nadja Zöller, Stefan Kippenberger, August Bernd, Roland Kaufmann, Paul G Layer, Anja Heselich
Ionizing and near-infrared radiation are both part of the therapeutic spectrum in cancer treatment. During cancer therapy ionizing radiation is typically used for non-invasive reduction of malignant tissue, while near-infrared photobiomodulation is utilized in palliative medical approaches, e.g. for pain reduction or impairment of wound healing. Furthermore, near-infrared is part of the solar wavelength spectrum. A combined exposure of these two irradiation qualities - either intentionally during medical treatment or unintentionally due to solar exposure - is therefore presumable for cancer patients...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Ke Gao, Zonglong Zhu, Bo Xu, Sae Byeok Jo, Yuanyuan Kan, Xiaobin Peng, Alex K-Y Jen
Employing a layer of bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic semiconductors on top of perovskite to further extend its photoresponse is considered as a simple and promising way to enhance the efficiency of perovskite-based solar cells, instead of using tandem devices or near infrared (NIR)-absorbing Sn-containing perovskites. However, the progress made from this approach is quite limited because very few such hybrid solar cells can simultaneously show high short-circuit current (JSC ) and fill factor (FF). To find an appropriate NIR-absorbing BHJ is essential for highly efficient, organic, photovoltaics (OPV)/perovskite hybrid solar cells...
November 13, 2017: Advanced Materials
Jianwei Yu, Joshua Loroña Ornelas, Yumin Tang, Mohammad Afsar Uddin, Han Guo, Simiao Yu, Yulun Wang, Han Young Woo, Shiming Zhang, Guichuan Xing, Xugang Guo, Wei Huang
A series of polymer semiconductors incorporating 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-5,6-dicarboxylicimide (BTZI) as strong electron withdrawing unit and alkoxy-functionalized head-to-head linkage containing bithiophene or bithiazole as highly electron rich co-unit are designed and synthesized. Due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer characteristics, all three polymers BTZI-TRTOR (P1), BTZI-BTOR (P2), and BTZI-BTzOR (P3) exhibit ultra-narrow bandgaps of 1.13, 1.05, and 0.92 eV, respectively, resulting in a very broad absorption covering from 350 nm up to 1400 nm...
November 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ik Jae Park, Seongrok Seo, Min Ah Park, Sangwook Lee, Dong Hoe Kim, Kai Zhu, Hyunjung Shin, Jin Young Kim
We report the electrical properties of rubidium-incorporated methylammonium lead iodide ((RbxMA1-x)PbI3) films and the photovoltaic performance of (RbxMA1-x)PbI3 film-based p-i-n-type perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The incorporation of a small amount of Rb(+) (x = 0.05) increases both the open circuit voltage (Voc) and the short circuit photocurrent density (Jsc) of the PSCs, leading to an improved power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, a high fraction of Rb(+) incorporation (x = 0.1 and 0.2) decreases the Jsc and thus the PCE, which is attributed to the phase segregation of the single tetragonal perovskite phase to a MA-rich tetragonal perovskite phase and a RbPbI3 orthorhombic phase at high Rb fractions...
November 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yi Hou, Xiaoyan Du, Simon Scheiner, David P McMeekin, Zhiping Wang, Ning Li, Manuela S Killian, Haiwei Chen, Moses Richter, Ievgen Levchuk, Nadine Schrenker, Erdmann Spiecker, Tobias Stubhan, Norman A Luechinger, Andreas Hirsch, Patrik Schmuki, Hans-Peter Steinrück, Rainer H Fink, Marcus Halik, Henry J Snaith, Christoph J Brabec
A major bottleneck delaying the further commercialization of thin-film solar cells based on hybrid organohalide lead perovskites is the interface losses in state-of-the-art devices. We present a generic interface architecture that combines solution-processed, reliable, and cost-efficient hole-transporting materials, without compromising efficiency, stability or scalability of perovskite solar cells. Tantalum doped tungsten oxide (Ta-WO x )/conjugated polymer multilayers offer a surprisingly small interface barrier and form quasi-ohmic contacts universally with various scalable conjugated polymers...
November 9, 2017: Science
Cong Li, Qiang Guo, Zhibin Wang, Yiming Bai, Lin Liu, Fuzhi Wang, Erjun Zhou, Tasawar Hayat, Ahmed Alsaedi, Zhan'ao Tan
For planar structured organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PerSCs) with the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene:polystyrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hole transport layer, the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of the device is limited to be about 1.0 V, resulting in inferior performance in comparison with TiO2-based planar counterparts. Therefore, increasing Voc of the PEDOT:PSS-based planar device is an important way to enhance the efficiency of the PerSCs. Herein, we demonstrate a novel approach for perovskite film formation and the film is formed by slow growth from lead acetate precursor via a one-step spin-coating process without the thermal annealing (TA) process...
November 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lu-Yao Wang, Lin-Long Deng, Xin Wang, Tan Wang, Hao-Ran Liu, Si-Min Dai, Zhou Xing, Su-Yuan Xie, Rong-Bin Huang, Lan-Sun Zheng
Organic-inorganic perovskite solar cells have emerged as a promising photovoltaic technology because of their advantages such as low cost, high efficiency, and solution processability. The performance of perovskite solar cells is highly dependent on the crystallinity and morphology of the perovskite films. Herein, we report a simple, one-step anti-solvent deposition process using di-isopropyl ether as a dripping solvent to obtain extremely uniform and highly crystalline CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite films. Compared to toluene, chlorobenzene, chloroform, or diethyl ether, di-isopropyl ether has proven to be a more suitable solvent for an anti-solvent deposition process...
November 9, 2017: Nanoscale
Xiaomeng Wang, Xin Wang, Zhongbo Wei, Shujuan Zhang
Cyanobacteria blooming is a serious environmental issue throughout the world. Removal of cyanobacterial cells from surface water with controlled release of cyanobacterial organic matter (COM), especially toxic microcystins (MCs), would potentially reduce the processing burden in follow-up water treatment. Coagulation is a key technique in water treatment. Herein, the potential application of a novel titanium xerogel coagulant (TXC) was evaluated for the treatment of cyanobacteria-laden water in terms of cyanobacteria removal efficiency, variation of cell viability, the release and evolution of COM in the floc accumulation and storage process...
October 30, 2017: Water Research
Carlos A López, María Victoria Martínez-Huerta, María Consuelo Alvarez-Galván, Paula Kayser, Patricia Gant, Andres Castellanos-Gomez, María T Fernández-Díaz, Francois Fauth, José A Alonso
Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites, MAPbX3 (X = halogen), containing methylammonium (MA: CH3-NH3(+)) in the large voids conformed by the PbX6 octahedral network, are the active absorption materials in the new generation of solar cells. CH3NH3PbBr3 is a promising member with a large band gap that gives rise to a high open circuit voltage. A deep knowledge of the crystal structure and, in particular, the MA conformation inside the perovskite cage across the phase transitions undergone below room temperature, seems essential to establish structure-property correlations that may drive to further improvements...
November 8, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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