keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paravertebral block

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242655/evaluation-of-the-role-of-dexmedetomidine-in-improvement-of-the-analgesic-profile-of-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-thoracic-surgeries-a-randomised-prospective-clinical-trial
#1
Mohamed Elsayed Hassan, Essam Mahran
Background and Aims: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPB) is one of the effective methods for management of post-operative pain in thoracic surgeries. The aim of the study was to evaluate effectiveness of addition of dexmedetomidine to paravertebral block with bupivacaine in improving the postoperative pain relief and pulmonary functions in patients undergoing thoracic surgeries. Methods: A prospective randomized double-blinded study was performed on forty patients scheduled for thoracic surgery...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226148/transition-from-deep-regional-blocks-toward-deep-nerve-hydrodissection-in-the-upper-body-and-torso-method-description-and-results-from-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-the-analgesic-effect-of-5-dextrose-water-as-the-primary-hydrodissection-injectate-to-enhance
#2
Stanley K H Lam, Kenneth Dean Reeves, An-Lin Cheng
Deep nerve hydrodissection uses fluid injection under pressure to purposely separate nerves from areas of suspected fascial compression, which are increasingly viewed as potential perpetuating factors in recalcitrant neuropathic pain/complex regional pain. The usage of 5% dextrose water (D5W) as a primary injectate for hydrodissection, with or without low dose anesthetic, could limit anesthetic-related toxicity. An analgesic effect of 5% dextrose water (D5W) upon perineural injection in patients with chronic neuropathic pain has recently been described...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191649/multilevel-thoracic-paravertebral-block-using-ropivacaine-with-without-dexmedetomidine-in-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#3
Jianghui Xu, Xiaoyu Yang, Xiaobing Hu, Xiaofeng Chen, Jun Zhang, Yingwei Wang
OBJECTIVES: Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is reported to have advantages in postoperative pain management in unilateral thoracic surgeries. Previous studies have demonstrated that dexmedetomidine could be used as an adjuvant to local anesthetics, with the aim of prolonging the duration of neural blockade. However, little is known about whether such a combination could improve the quality of postoperative analgesia compared with local anesthetic only when TPVB is used for patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189284/the-use-of-liposomal-bupivacaine-in-erector-spinae-plane-block-to-minimize-opioid-consumption-for-breast-surgery-a-case-report
#4
Amanda Kumar, Alina Hulsey, Hector Martinez-Wilson, James Kim, Jeff Gadsden
The erector spinae plane block is a novel interfascial plane block that can provide thoracic and abdominal analgesia. We describe a patient with opioid intolerance scheduled for breast surgery who received an erector spinae plane block with liposomal bupivacaine as well as a supplemental T1 paravertebral block resulting in profound analgesia throughout her postoperative course. This case report demonstrates that use of liposomal bupivacaine in the erector spinae plane block can be successful in providing extended duration postoperative analgesia and minimizing systemic opioid requirements...
November 16, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169795/paravertebral-block-for-thoracic-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Francine D'Ercole, Harendra Arora, Priya A Kumar
Local anesthetic injected into a wedge-shaped space lateral to the spinal nerves as they emerge from the intervertebral foramina produces somatosensory and sympathetic nerve blockade effective for anesthesia and for managing pain of unilateral origin from the chest and abdomen. Paravertebral blockade (PVB) is versatile and may be applied unilaterally or bilaterally. Unlike thoracic epidural, the PVB technique may be used to avoid contralateral sympathectomy, thereby minimizing hypotension and leading to better preservation of blood pressure...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135590/the-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Anders Krohg, Kyrre Ullensvang, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Eldrid Langesæter, Axel R Sauter
BACKGROUND: Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049686/national-practice-variation-in-pneumonectomy-perioperative-care-among-canadian-thoracic-surgeons
#7
Biniam Kidane, John K Peel, Andrew Seely, Richard A Malthaner, Christian Finley, Sean Grondin, Brian E Louie, Sadeesh Srinathan, Gail E Darling
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess perioperative pneumonectomy practices among Canadian thoracic surgeons as part of a quality-improvement initiative to determine practice variability and identify areas for study/improvement. METHODS: After several rounds of survey development and piloting, a 29-item survey was distributed using the Dillman method to all practicing members of the Canadian Association of Thoracic Surgeons. RESULTS: The response rate was 87% (62 of 71)...
July 28, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048703/a-pilot-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-minimally-invasive-surgical-and-anesthetic-approach-for-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#8
Jonida Bejko, Demetrio Pittarello, Gianclaudio Falasco, Guido Di Gregorio, Vincenzo Tarzia, Giulio Rizzoli, Dario Gregori, Gino Gerosa, Tomaso Bottio
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to compare 2 surgical and anesthetic approaches during ventricular assist device implantation. METHODS: 68 patients (50.4 ± 17.1 years old) were supported with the HeartWare® HVAD (32 patients) and the Jarvik 2000 VAD (36 patients) between January 2010 and August 2016. Two surgical techniques were applied: a minimally invasive approach with the aid of paravertebral-block (mini-invasive group, 41 patients) and a standard-surgical-approach with the aid of general anesthesia (27 patients)...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033726/ultrasound-guided-multilevel-paravertebral-block-versus-local-anesthesia-for-medical-thoracoscopy
#9
Maha A Abo-Zeid, Mohammad M Elgamal, Asem A Hewidy, Amro A Moawad, Alaa Eldin Adel Elmaddawy
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration for medical thoracoscopy has an analgesic properties for short duration. Single injection thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) provides limited analgesia. PURPOSE: Comparison between thoracic PVB performed at two or three levels with local infiltration for anesthetic adequacy in adult medical thoracoscopy as a primary outcome and postthoracoscopic analgesia and pulmonary function as secondary outcomes for adult medical thoracoscopy...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033716/transdermal-fentanyl-as-an-adjuvant-to-paravertebral-block-for-pain-control-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#10
Ahmed H Bakeer, Nasr M Abdallah
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of transdermal fentanyl (TDF) as an adjuvant to paravertebral block (PVB) for pain control after breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blind trial included fifty females with breast cancer scheduled for surgery. They were randomly allocated into one of two equal groups. The TDF group used transdermal fentanyl patches (TFPs) 25 μg/h applied 10 h preoperative then PVB with 20 mL of bupivacaine 0...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982906/survival-analysis-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-a-modified-radical-mastectomy-with-or-without-a-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-5-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Manoj Kumar Karmakar, Winnie Samy, Anna Lee, Jia Wei Li, Wing Cheong Chan, Phoon Ping Chen, Ban C H Tsui
AIM: This 5-year prospective follow-up of women randomized to general anesthesia (GA) with or without a thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) examined the risk of local recurrence, metastasis and mortality after breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy were randomized to one of three study groups: standardized GA only; GA with a single-injection TPVB (s-TPVB) and placebo paravertebral infusion after surgery for 72-h; and GA plus with continuous TPVB (c-TPVB) for 72-h postoperatively...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955005/accurate-diagnosis-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-high-level-college-athlete-a-case-report
#12
Kenji Yokoyama, Kazuta Yamashita, Masatoshi Morimoto, Fumitake Tezuka, Fumio Hayashi, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Kosaku Higashino, Takashi Chikawa, Hiroshi Yonezu, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
A 21-year-old woman who was high-level college softball player presented with a 6-month history of low back pain that had been treated unsuccessfully by medication at local clinics. There was tenderness in the left paravertebral muscle at the lower lumbar level. X-ray and computed tomography revealed congenital scoliosis and an L6 hemivertebra. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid collection at the left L6-S1 facet joint. We performed a diagnostic facet injection, consisting of 1% lidocaine and steroids, that was infiltrated into the left facet joint at L6-S1...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953508/impact-of-regional-anesthesia-on-recurrence-metastasis-and-immune-response-in-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Oscar Pérez-González, Luis F Cuéllar-Guzmán, José Soliz, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The perioperative period is critical in the long-term prognosis of breast cancer patients. The use of regional anesthesia, such as paravertebral block (PVB), could be associated with improvements in long-term survival after breast cancer surgery by modulating the inflammatory and immune response associated with the surgical trauma, reducing opioid and general anesthetic consumption, and promoting cancer cells death by a direct effect of local anesthetics. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted for studies of patients who received PVB for breast cancer surgery...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937423/deep-serratus-plane-catheter-for-management-of-acute-postthoracotomy-pain-after-descending-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-a-morbidly-obese-patient-a-case-report
#14
Renuka M George, Maria Yared, Sylvia H Wilson
Regional procedures for postthoracotomy pain control have classically focused on paravertebral blocks and thoracic epidurals; however, these techniques may be challenging in an increasingly obese population and contraindicated with numerous anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. While less studied, truncal blocks allow analgesic intervention for this growing patient cohort. This case report describes placement of a deep serratus anterior plane catheter in an intubated, morbidly obese patient with a lumbar drain who failed extubation secondary to acute postthoracotomy pain...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928578/comparison-of-spinal-anesthesia-and-paravertebral-block-in-inguinal-hernia-repair
#15
Ranjana Khetarpal, Veena Chatrath, Arminder Kaur, Reeta Jassi, Renu Verma
CONTEXT: Inguinal hernia repair (IHR) is a common surgical procedure which can be performed under general, regional, or peripheral nerve block anesthesia. AIM: The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of paravertebral block (PVB) with spinal anesthesia (SA) for IHR with respect to postoperative analgesia, ambulation, and adverse effects. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, single-blind randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I-II patients of 20-60 years scheduled for IHR were randomized by a computer-generated list into two groups of thirty each, to receive either PVB (Group PVB: at T12-L2 levels, 10 ml of 0...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924315/comparison-between-continuous-thoracic-epidural-block-and-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-management-of-thoracic-trauma
#16
Shalendra Singh, Mathews Jacob, S Hasnain, Mathangi Krishnakumar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is thought to be the single most important factor leading to ineffective ventilation and impaired secretion clearance after thoracic trauma. Effective pain relief can be provided by thoracic epidural analgesia but may have side effects or contraindications. Paravertebral block is an effective alternative method without the side effects of a thoracic epidural. We did this study to compare efficacy of thoracic epidural and paravertebral block in providing analgesia to thoracic trauma patients...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913488/bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-nerve-blocks-for-placement-of-percutaneous-radiologic-gastrostomy-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-series
#17
Arun Kalava, Steven Clendenen, J Mark McKinney, Elird Bojaxhi, Roy A Greengrass
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the efficacy of bilateral thoracic paravertebral nerve blocks (PVB) in providing procedural anesthesia and post-procedural analgesia for placement of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy tubes (PRG) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We prospectively observed 10 patients with ALS scheduled for PRG placement that had bilateral thoracic PVBs at thoracic 7, 8, and 9 levels with administration of a mixture of 3 mL of 1% ropivacaine, 0...
October 2016: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890559/comparison-of-the-post-operative-analgesic-effect-of-paravertebral-block-pectoral-nerve-block-and-local-infiltration-in-patients-undergoing-modified-radical-mastectomy-a-randomised-double-blind-trial
#18
Kartik Syal, Ankita Chandel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paravertebral block, pectoral nerve (Pecs) block and wound infiltration are three modalities for post-operative analgesia following breast surgery. This study compares the analgesic efficacy of these techniques for post-operative analgesia. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status 1 or 2 undergoing modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection were recruited for the study. All patients received 21 mL 0...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857802/paravertebral-block-does-not-reduce-cancer-recurrence-but-is-related-to-higher-overall-survival-in-lung-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Eun Kyung Lee, Hyun Joo Ahn, Jae Ill Zo, Kyunga Kim, Dae Myung Jung, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Postoperative analgesic methods are suggested to have an impact on long-term prognosis after cancer surgery through opioid-induced immune suppression. We hypothesized that regional analgesia that reduces the systemic opioid requirement would be related to lower cancer recurrence and higher overall survival compared to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for lung cancer surgery. METHODS: Records for all patients who underwent open thoracotomy for curative resection of primary lung cancer between 2009 and 2013 in a tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857520/a-combination-of-levobupivacaine-and-lidocaine-for-paravertebral-block-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-quadrantectomy-causes-greater-hemodynamic-oscillations-than-levobupivacaine-alone
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miroslav Župčić, Sandra Graf Župčić, Viktor Duzel, Tatjana Šimurina, Livija Šakić, Jurica Fudurić, Jasminka Peršec, Milan Milošević, Zdenko Stanec, Anđelko Korušić, Stjepan Barišin
AIM: To test for differences in hemodynamic and analgesic properties in patients with breast cancer undergoing quadrantectomy with paravertebral block (PVB) induced with a solution of either one or two local anesthetics. METHOD: A prospective, single-center, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was conducted from June 2014 until September 2015. A total of 85 women with breast cancer were assigned to receive PVB with either 0.5% levobupivacaine (n=42) or 0...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
56464
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"