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Paravertebral block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033726/ultrasound-guided-multilevel-paravertebral-block-versus-local-anesthesia-for-medical-thoracoscopy
#1
Maha A Abo-Zeid, Mohammad M Elgamal, Asem A Hewidy, Amro A Moawad, Alaa Eldin Adel Elmaddawy
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration for medical thoracoscopy has an analgesic properties for short duration. Single injection thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) provides limited analgesia. PURPOSE: Comparison between thoracic PVB performed at two or three levels with local infiltration for anesthetic adequacy in adult medical thoracoscopy as a primary outcome and postthoracoscopic analgesia and pulmonary function as secondary outcomes for adult medical thoracoscopy...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033716/transdermal-fentanyl-as-an-adjuvant-to-paravertebral-block-for-pain-control-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#2
Ahmed H Bakeer, Nasr M Abdallah
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of transdermal fentanyl (TDF) as an adjuvant to paravertebral block (PVB) for pain control after breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blind trial included fifty females with breast cancer scheduled for surgery. They were randomly allocated into one of two equal groups. The TDF group used transdermal fentanyl patches (TFPs) 25 μg/h applied 10 h preoperative then PVB with 20 mL of bupivacaine 0...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982906/survival-analysis-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-a-modified-radical-mastectomy-with-or-without-a-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-5-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Manoj Kumar Karmakar, Winnie Samy, Anna Lee, Jia Wei Li, Wing Cheong Chan, Phoon Ping Chen, Ban C H Tsui
AIM: This 5-year prospective follow-up of women randomized to general anesthesia (GA) with or without a thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) examined the risk of local recurrence, metastasis and mortality after breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy were randomized to one of three study groups: standardized GA only; GA with a single-injection TPVB (s-TPVB) and placebo paravertebral infusion after surgery for 72-h; and GA plus with continuous TPVB (c-TPVB) for 72-h postoperatively...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955005/accurate-diagnosis-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-high-level-college-athlete-a-case-report
#4
Kenji Yokoyama, Kazuta Yamashita, Masatoshi Morimoto, Fumitake Tezuka, Fumio Hayashi, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Kosaku Higashino, Takashi Chikawa, Hiroshi Yonezu, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
A 21-year-old woman who was high-level college softball player presented with a 6-month history of low back pain that had been treated unsuccessfully by medication at local clinics. There was tenderness in the left paravertebral muscle at the lower lumbar level. X-ray and computed tomography revealed congenital scoliosis and an L6 hemivertebra. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid collection at the left L6-S1 facet joint. We performed a diagnostic facet injection, consisting of 1% lidocaine and steroids, that was infiltrated into the left facet joint at L6-S1...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953508/impact-of-regional-anesthesia-on-recurrence-metastasis-and-immune-response-in-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Oscar Pérez-González, Luis F Cuéllar-Guzmán, José Soliz, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The perioperative period is critical in the long-term prognosis of breast cancer patients. The use of regional anesthesia, such as paravertebral block (PVB), could be associated with improvements in long-term survival after breast cancer surgery by modulating the inflammatory and immune response associated with the surgical trauma, reducing opioid and general anesthetic consumption, and promoting cancer cells death by a direct effect of local anesthetics. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted for studies of patients who received PVB for breast cancer surgery...
September 27, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937423/deep-serratus-plane-catheter-for-management-of-acute-postthoracotomy-pain-after-descending-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-a-morbidly-obese-patient-a-case-report
#6
Renuka M George, Maria Yared, Sylvia H Wilson
Regional procedures for postthoracotomy pain control have classically focused on paravertebral blocks and thoracic epidurals; however, these techniques may be challenging in an increasingly obese population and contraindicated with numerous anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. While less studied, truncal blocks allow analgesic intervention for this growing patient cohort. This case report describes placement of a deep serratus anterior plane catheter in an intubated, morbidly obese patient with a lumbar drain who failed extubation secondary to acute postthoracotomy pain...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928578/comparison-of-spinal-anesthesia-and-paravertebral-block-in-inguinal-hernia-repair
#7
Ranjana Khetarpal, Veena Chatrath, Arminder Kaur, Reeta Jassi, Renu Verma
CONTEXT: Inguinal hernia repair (IHR) is a common surgical procedure which can be performed under general, regional, or peripheral nerve block anesthesia. AIM: The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of paravertebral block (PVB) with spinal anesthesia (SA) for IHR with respect to postoperative analgesia, ambulation, and adverse effects. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, single-blind randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I-II patients of 20-60 years scheduled for IHR were randomized by a computer-generated list into two groups of thirty each, to receive either PVB (Group PVB: at T12-L2 levels, 10 ml of 0...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924315/comparison-between-continuous-thoracic-epidural-block-and-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-management-of-thoracic-trauma
#8
Shalendra Singh, Mathews Jacob, S Hasnain, Mathangi Krishnakumar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is thought to be the single most important factor leading to ineffective ventilation and impaired secretion clearance after thoracic trauma. Effective pain relief can be provided by thoracic epidural analgesia but may have side effects or contraindications. Paravertebral block is an effective alternative method without the side effects of a thoracic epidural. We did this study to compare efficacy of thoracic epidural and paravertebral block in providing analgesia to thoracic trauma patients...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913488/bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-nerve-blocks-for-placement-of-percutaneous-radiologic-gastrostomy-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-series
#9
Arun Kalava, Steven Clendenen, J Mark McKinney, Elird Bojaxhi, Roy A Greengrass
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the efficacy of bilateral thoracic paravertebral nerve blocks (PVB) in providing procedural anesthesia and post-procedural analgesia for placement of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy tubes (PRG) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We prospectively observed 10 patients with ALS scheduled for PRG placement that had bilateral thoracic PVBs at thoracic 7, 8, and 9 levels with administration of a mixture of 3 mL of 1% ropivacaine, 0...
October 2016: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890559/comparison-of-the-post-operative-analgesic-effect-of-paravertebral-block-pectoral-nerve-block-and-local-infiltration-in-patients-undergoing-modified-radical-mastectomy-a-randomised-double-blind-trial
#10
Kartik Syal, Ankita Chandel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Paravertebral block, pectoral nerve (Pecs) block and wound infiltration are three modalities for post-operative analgesia following breast surgery. This study compares the analgesic efficacy of these techniques for post-operative analgesia. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status 1 or 2 undergoing modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection were recruited for the study. All patients received 21 mL 0...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857802/paravertebral-block-does-not-reduce-cancer-recurrence-but-is-related-to-higher-overall-survival-in-lung-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Eun Kyung Lee, Hyun Joo Ahn, Jae Ill Zo, Kyunga Kim, Dae Myung Jung, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Postoperative analgesic methods are suggested to have an impact on long-term prognosis after cancer surgery through opioid-induced immune suppression. We hypothesized that regional analgesia that reduces the systemic opioid requirement would be related to lower cancer recurrence and higher overall survival compared to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for lung cancer surgery. METHODS: Records for all patients who underwent open thoracotomy for curative resection of primary lung cancer between 2009 and 2013 in a tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857520/a-combination-of-levobupivacaine-and-lidocaine-for-paravertebral-block-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-quadrantectomy-causes-greater-hemodynamic-oscillations-than-levobupivacaine-alone
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miroslav Župčić, Sandra Graf Župčić, Viktor Duzel, Tatjana Šimurina, Livija Šakić, Jurica Fudurić, Jasminka Peršec, Milan Milošević, Zdenko Stanec, Anđelko Korušić, Stjepan Barišin
AIM: To test for differences in hemodynamic and analgesic properties in patients with breast cancer undergoing quadrantectomy with paravertebral block (PVB) induced with a solution of either one or two local anesthetics. METHOD: A prospective, single-center, randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was conducted from June 2014 until September 2015. A total of 85 women with breast cancer were assigned to receive PVB with either 0.5% levobupivacaine (n=42) or 0...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854556/approach-affects-injectate-spread-in-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-cadaveric-trial
#13
Y Taketa, T Fujitani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846539/catheterization-in-an-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block%C3%A2-using-thoracoscopy
#14
T Fujii, Y Shibata, Y Ban, A Shitaokoshi, K Nishiwaki
Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is an efficient alternative to epidural anesthesia. The location of a catheter within the thoracic paravertebral space (TPVS) has been examined in the human cadaver studies, but it is unclear how it goes into the TPVS during catheterization. In this report, thoracoscopy was used to observe the thoracic cavity in real-time during a parasagittal in-plane approach of ultrasound-guided TPVB. During thoracoscopy, we observed whether a paravertebral catheter could be advanced caudally beyond the ribs into the neighboring TPVS...
March 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836969/the-application-of-a-novel-integrated-rigid-and-flexible-nephroscope-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-renal-staghorn-stones
#15
Huan Yang, Jianxing Li, Gang Long, Shaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: Renal staghorn stones are challenging for urologists to ensure maximum stone clearance and minimal morbidity. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has become the gold standard treatment for renal staghorn stones. To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel integrated rigid and flexible percutaneous nephroscope(Rigi-flex nephroscope) in PCNL for renal staghorn stones.We present our initial experience with this new technique. METHODS: From March to July 2016, a prospective analysis of 3 patients with staghorn stones treated with Rigi-flex nephroscope in PCNLunder totally ultrasound guidance by paravertebral block (PVB) anesthesia was done...
August 24, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836025/anatomical-topography-of-the-inferior-lumbar-triangle-for-transversus-abdominis-block
#16
Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Hassan Bagheri, Yelda Pinar, Figen Govsa
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of anesthetic techniques of thoracic paravertebral block required to redefine anatomical landmarks of the inferior lumbar (Petit) triangle (ILT). Anesthesiologists are mainly interested in the ILT to perform the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. The aim of this study was to provide comprehensive information of the ILT to improve the success of TAP block. METHODS: Descriptional anatomy of ILTs such as dimensions, space, area, and types was analyzed in 25 preserved adult male cadavers...
August 23, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836009/contralateral-cerebral-hemoglobin-oxygen-saturation-changes-in-patients-undergoing-thoracotomy-with-general-anesthesia-with-or-without-paravertebral-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Keika Mukaihara, Maiko Hasegawa-Moriyama, Yuichi Kanmura
PURPOSE: Perioperative analgesia during thoracotomy is often achieved by combining paravertebral block (PVB) with general anesthesia (GA). Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can detect changes in cerebral oxygenation resulting from nociceptive stimuli in the awake state or under sedation. We used NIRS to measure changes in cerebral blood flow provoked by thoracotomy incision made under GA and determine how these changes were influenced by supplementation of GA with PVB. METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing elective thoracotomy were enrolled...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820803/perioperative-breast-analgesia-a-qualitative-review-of-anatomy-and-regional-techniques
#18
Glenn E Woodworth, Ryan M J Ivie, Sylvia M Nelson, Cameron M Walker, Robert B Maniker
Breast surgery is exceedingly common and may result in significant acute as well as chronic pain. Numerous options exist for the control of perioperative breast pain, including several newly described regional anesthesia techniques, but anesthesiologists have an insufficient understanding of the anatomy of the breast, the anatomic structures disrupted by the various breast surgeries, and the theoretical and experimental evidence supporting the use of the various analgesic options. In this article, we review the anatomy of the breast, common breast surgeries and their potential anatomic sources of pain, and analgesic techniques for managing perioperative pain...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762464/the-mid-point-transverse-process-to-pleura-mtp-block-a-new-end-point-for-thoracic-paravertebral-block
#19
I Costache, L de Neumann, C J Ramnanan, S L Goodwin, A Pawa, F W Abdallah, C J L McCartney
Current descriptions of thoracic paravertebral block techniques require the needle tip to be anterior to the superior costotransverse ligament. We hypothesised that an injection point midway between the posterior border of the transverse process and the pleura would result in spread to the paravertebral space. We completed bilateral injections of 5 ml methylene blue 0.2% midway between the posterior border of the transverse process and the pleura at T2, T4, T6, T8 and T10 in three unembalmed cadavers. The presence of methylene blue dye at the nerve root in the paravertebral space, the corresponding intercostal nerve and sympathetic chain at the level of injection, and at additional levels, was examined...
August 1, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744155/efficacy-of-single-injection-unilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-post-open-cholecystectomy-pain-relief-a-prospective-randomized-study-at-gondar-university-hospital
#20
Demeke Yilkal Fentie, Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Zewditu Abdissa Denu, Amare Hailekiros Gebreegzi
BACKGROUND: Cholecystectomy can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of paravertebral block (PVB) on pain after thoracotomy and mastectomy have been demonstrated, not enough investigations on the effects of PVB on pain after open cholecystectomy have been conducted. We tested the hypothesis that a single-injection thoracic PVB reduces pain scores, decreases opioid consumption, and prolongs analgesic request time after cholecystectomy. METHODS: Of 52 patients recruited, 50 completed the study...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
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