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JongEun Yim, Jerrold Petrofsky, Haneul Lee
Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and physically active individuals. The most common residual disability, ankle sprain, is characterized by instability along with postural sway. If the supporting structures around a joint become lax, posture stability and balance are also affected. Previous studies have examined muscle stiffness and elasticity and postural sway separately; however, the relationship between these factors is yet unknown. It is well known that the levels of sex hormones, especially estrogen, change in women over the phase of the menstrual cycle...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Aoife Healy, Sybil Farmer, Anand Pandyan, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Assistive products are items which allow older people and people with disabilities to be able to live a healthy, productive and dignified life. It has been estimated that approximately 1.5% of the world's population need a prosthesis or orthosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically identify and review the evidence from randomized controlled trials assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions...
2018: PloS One
Jasmin Diallo, Joe Wagener, Christine Schweizer, Tamara Horn Lang, Roxa Ruiz, Beat Hintermann
BACKGROUND: An acute ankle sprain can result in a bony avulsion of the lateral ankle ligaments. The extent of concomitant lesions and subsequent instability patterns are not clearly understood. The high incidence of old avulsion fractures found in symptomatic chronic ankle instability may indicate the need for primary fixation. METHODS: Ten patients (5 male, 5 female; mean age, 34 years; range, 15-64 years) with bony avulsion fractures of the fibula after acute ankle sprains were included...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Nicholas Pulos, Sanjeev Kakar
Injuries to the hands and wrist are common in athletes. Injuries include acute fractures, dislocations, ligamentous, and tendon injuries, as well as more chronic injuries such as sprains and strains. Complications in the treatment of sports injuries of the hand and wrist may be divided into 2 categories: incorrect or delayed diagnosis and iatrogenic injury related to treatment. This article highlights common sports injuries of the hand and wrist and their complications, and includes tips for successful management...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Tserenchimed Purevsuren, Kyungsoo Kim, Myagmarbayar Batbaatar, SuKyoung Lee, Yoon Hyuk Kim
Understanding the mechanism of injury involved in lateral ankle sprain is essential to prevent injury, to establish surgical repair and reconstruction, and to plan reliable rehabilitation protocols. Most studies for lateral ankle sprain posit that ankle inversion, internal rotation, and plantarflexion are involved in the mechanism of injury. However, recent studies indicated that ankle dorsiflexion also plays an important role in the lateral ankle sprain mechanism. In this study, the contributions of ankle plantarflexion and dorsiflexion on the ankle joint were evaluated under complex combinations of internal and inversion moments...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
M M Rius-Zavala, F I Gil-Orbezo, C A Trueba-Davalillo, C Trueba-Vasavilbaso, M Acuña-Tovar
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of all ankle fractures, 20% of the fractures treated surgically, and 1-18% of all sprains involve a syndesmosis injury. The methods used for reduction are metal or bioabsorbable syndesmotic set screws, direct repair, and sutures with or without buttons. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical function of patients who sustained Weber B ankle fractures and were treated with the TightRope system or a syndesmotic set screw. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, comparative, cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2012 and March 2015...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Alexander Hoorntje, Lauren M Wink, Brent F W van der Doelen, Michel P van den Bekerom, Rienk Dekker, C Niek van Dijk, Rover Krips, Masja C M Loogman, Milan L Ridderikhof, Frank F Smithuis, Sjoerd A S Stufkens, Evert A L M Verhagen, Rob A de Bie, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
This guideline aimed to advance current understandings regarding the diagnosis, prevention and therapeutic interventions for ankle sprains by updating the existing guideline and incorporate new research. A secondary objective was to provide an update related to the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic procedures, therapeutic interventions and prevention strategies. It was posited that subsequent interaction of clinicians with this guideline could help reduce health impairments and patient burden associated with this prevalent musculoskeletal injury...
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Sailesh V Tummala, David E Hartigan, Karan A Patel, Justin L Makovicka, Anikar Chhabra
Background: Up to 50% of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players have a history of shoulder injuries. The quarterback position has been shown to have a high prevalence of these injuries because of its unique exposures. There is little information regarding the shoulder injury type and mechanism in NCAA quarterbacks. Purpose: To understand the 10-year epidemiology of specific shoulder injury rates in NCAA quarterbacks. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Bryan Combs, Karen Heaton, Dheeraj Raju, D E Vance, W Karl Sieber
Long-haul truck drivers are significantly affected by musculoskeletal injuries with incidence rates 3.5 times higher than the national average. Yet, little is known about injuries that affect long-haul trucks drivers. In 2010, interviewers collected data from 1,265 long-haul truck drivers at 32 truck stops across the United States. These surveys were analyzed to describe all self-reported musculoskeletal injuries. Injuries to the arm (26.3%) and back (21.1%) were the two areas most reported in the survey. Musculoskeletal injuries were most often caused by falls (38...
March 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Roger E Thomas, Kamran Zamanpour
OBJECTIVES: To identify all studies of injuries in wrestling, assess risk of bias and compute weighted average injury rates. METHODS: 17 online databases and nine grey literature resources were searched with no language/date limitations. Abstracts were assessed for inclusion and data abstracted independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Eleven studies of competitions, 27 databases, four surveys (699 wrestlers) and seventeen case reports (604 cases) were included...
February 27, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
Background: Women's soccer has among the highest injury rates in collegiate sports, and lateral ankle sprains (LAS) are among the most commonly occurring injuries in that athletic population. However, no established LAS prediction model exists for collegiate women's soccer players.The purpose of this study was to develop a prediction model for acute LAS injuries in collegiate women's soccer players utilizing previous ankle sprain history, height, mass, and BMI as potential predictors...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Kathryn Iammarino, James Marrie, Mitchell Selhorst, Linda P Lowes
Background: Ankle injuries account for up to 40% of all sport related injuries. These injuries can result in weeks to months of missed sport or work. The PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) treatment is standard care for most acute ankle sprains. Recently, early mobilization in adults has been shown to decrease time off from sport or work, and the likelihood of developing chronic instability. To date, no research has been performed assessing the effectiveness of early mobilization in pediatric patients (<18 years)...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Ferdinando Draghi, Salvatore Gitto, Stefano Bianchi
Injuries to the collateral ligaments of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints are commonly encountered in both athletes and nonathletes. They require prompt evaluation to ensure proper management and prevent loss of joint motion and permanent disability. Imaging is often required to confirm the diagnosis and assess injury severity. This review article aims to provide physicians with guidelines for sonographic assessment of the collateral ligaments of the MCP and IP and related injuries...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Beatriz Ferrando, Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Carlos Puchades, Frederic Derbré, Arlette Gratas-Delamarche, Ludovic Laparre, Gloria Olaso-Gonzalez, Miguel Cerda, Enrique Viosca, Ana Alabajos, Vicente Sebastiá, Angel Alberich-Bayarri, Fabio García-Castro, Jose Viña
Disuse muscle wasting will likely affect everyone in his or her lifetime in response to pathologies such as joint immobilization, inactivity or bed rest. There are no good therapies to treat it. We previously found that allopurinol, a drug widely used to treat gout, protects muscle damage after exhaustive exercise and results in functional gains in old individuals. Thus, we decided to test its effect in the prevention of soleus muscle atrophy after two weeks of hindlimb unloading in mice, and lower leg immobilization following ankle sprain in humans (EudraCT: 2011-003541-17)...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jae-Hong Kim, Myung-Rae Cho, Ju-Hyung Park, Jeong-Cheol Shin, Ji-Hyun Cho, Gwang-Cheon Park, Dongwoo Nam
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are some of the most frequent injuries of the musculoskeletal system. However, there is no substantive evidence supporting which treatment strategy is superior. Taping with Kinesiotape (KT) is a new method that is used as an alternative to the more established taping and bracing techniques used for the prophylaxis and treatment of ankle sprains. The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy of KT on ankle sprain by comparing acupuncture combined with KT (AcuKT) with acupuncture alone in patients with acute lateral ankle sprains...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Robinetta Hudson, Russell T Baker, James May, Don Reordan, Alan Nasypany
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Mulligan Concept (MC) Mobilization with movement (MWM) in the treatment of clinically diagnosed acute lateral ankle sprains in competitive athletes. Methods: A prospective case series of 5 adolescent patients, ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (mean = 15.8 ± 1.64), that suffered an acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Patients were treated with the MC lateral ankle MWM. Mobilization was directed at the distal fibula or, using a modified MWM, 2-3 inches proximal to the distal fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Lisa N Sharwood, Susan Adams, Tracy Blaszkow, David Eager
OBJECTIVE: To quantify an apparent increase in indoor trampoline park related injuries in children and young people across Australia, and to understand the implications for current regulatory standards. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of three state-based Injury Surveillance databases, identifying children and adolescents presenting to emergency departments between the years 2005 and 2017, who had sustained injuries during trampolining activity at an indoor trampoline park...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Shannon E Gray, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Ian D Cameron, Elizabeth Kendall, Justin Kenardy, Alex Collie
Purpose To determine the incidence of employed people who try and fail to return-to-work (RTW) following a transport crash. To identify predictors of RTW failure. METHODS: A historical cohort study was conducted in the state of Victoria, Australia. People insured through the state-based compulsory third party transport accident compensation scheme were included. Inclusion criteria included date of crash between 2003 and 2012 (inclusive), age 15-70 years at the time of crash, sustained a non-catastrophic injury and received at least 1 day of income replacement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Melissa Corso, Christopher DeGraauw, William Hsu
Introduction: Osteochondral lesions of the tibial plafond account for approximately 2.6% of osteochondral lesions in the ankle. There are few cases describing this lesion in the literature, with little information on mechanism of injury, history/physical findings or recommendations for management. Case Presentation: A 17-year-old male competitive soccer player presented with a 6-7 month history of medial ankle pain after an inversion sprain. He presented with locking and giving way of the ankle with weight-bearing and pushing off the foot to the contralateral side...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Peishan Ning, Min Cai, Peixia Cheng, Yaoguang Zhang, David C Schwebel, Yang Yang, Wei Zhang, Xunjie Cheng, Yuyan Gao, Xu Ling, Guoqing Hu
Understanding long-term trends in injury morbidity is critical to prevention and intervention planning. The aim of this study was to assess long-term trends in injury morbidity rates in China from 1993 to 2013. Using data from the National Health Service Survey (NHSS), which is conducted every five years, crude and age-standardized prevalence during the previous two weeks and hospitalization rates in the last 12 months with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. The Rao-Scott Chi-square test examined injury morbidity differences across the five survey years by location (urban/rural), sex, age group, and household income...
February 6, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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