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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775984/static-postural-stability-in-chronic-ankle-instability-an-ankle-sprain-and-healthy-ankles
#1
Yong Ung Kwon
To identify the single leg balance (SLB) test that discriminates among healthy, coper, and chronic ankle instability (CAI) groups and to determine effects of ankle muscles on the balance error scoring system (BESS) among the three populations. 60 subjects (20 per group) performed the SLB test with eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC). Normalized mean amplitude (NMA) of the tibia anterior (TA), fibularis longus (FL), and medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscles and BESS were measured while performing the SLB test. The coper group had a lower error score than the CAI group in the EC...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773014/investigations-of-phytochemical-constituents-and-their-pharmacological-properties-isolated-from-the-genus-urtica-critical-review-and-analysis
#2
Muhammad Ibrahim, Kanwal Rehman, Aneeza Razzaq, Iqbal Hussain, Tahir Farooq, Amjad Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The genus Urtica belongs to the family Urticaceae. The plants of this genus are known as nettles or, quite often, as stinging nettles. These plants can be easily identified by the presence of stinging hairs. Urtica species have previously been used for various medicinal purposes. The history for the use of these plants for medicinal purposes starts from the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). Medicinally, the genus Urtica has been used to treat several disorders, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis, diarrhea, sprains, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, high blood pressure, hemorrhoids, flu, cough, fever, and ulcers...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771855/does-multimodal-rehabilitation-for-ankle-instability-improve-patients-self-assessed-functional-outcomes-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
Konstantinos Tsikopoulos, Dimitris Mavridis, Dimitrios Georgiannos, Haris S Vasiliadis
BACKGROUND: Although there are many nonsurgical treatment options for the primary management of chronic ankle instability, the most effective nonoperative intervention has not been defined. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to perform a network meta-analysis to compare the results of different standalone and/or combined nonsurgical interventions on chronic ankle instability as measured by (1) the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) at 0 to 6 months after treatment and (2) treatment-related complications...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769831/improvement-of-functional-ankle-properties-following-supplementation-with-specific-collagen-peptides-in-athletes-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#4
Patrick Dressler, Dominic Gehring, Denise Zdzieblik, Steffen Oesser, Albert Gollhofer, Daniel König
Following an initial ankle sprain it is not unlikely that chronic ankle instability (CAI) will develop. CAI is associated with impaired perceived functional and mechanical properties of the ligaments. Nutritional supplementation with collagen peptides has been shown to improve the functional and mechanical properties of the connective tissue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of specific collagen peptide supplementation (SCP) to improve ankle stability in athletes with CAI. 50 male and female athletes with CAI completed a randomized, double-blinded and placebo-controlled study with a daily oral administration of either 5 g SCP or 5 g placebo (Maltodextrin) over a period of six months...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768361/a-novel-kiaa0196-mutation-in-a-chinese-patient-with-spastic-paraplegia-8-a-case-report
#5
Limin Ma, Yingying Shi, Zhongcan Chen, Shujian Li, Weiwei Qin, Jiewen Zhang
RATIONALE: We report a case of Spastic paraplegia 8 (SPG8) with a novel mutation of KIAA0196 gene. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 12-year-old boy presented as ankle sprained, lower limb stiffness, abnormal gait since he was 5 years old. DIAGNOSES: The next generation sequence showed a novel c.1128delG (p.L376fs) mutation in KIAA0196 gene, the electromyography showed the pyramidal tract conduction dysfunction and deep sensory conduction abnormalities of lower limbs without motor neuron damage...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#6
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755840/treatment-of-mallet-finger-deformity-with-a-modified-palmaris-longus-tendon-graft-through-a-bone-tunnel
#7
Zengbing Liu, Kai Ma, Dong Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of treating mallet finger deformity using a modified palmaris longus tendon graft through a bone tunnel. METHODS: Altogether, 21 patients with mallet finger deformity (16 men, 5 women; average age 31 years, range 19-47 years) were treated with a modified palmaris longus tendon graft through a bone tunnel during 18 months (2014-2016). Four index fingers, seven middle fingers, eight ring fingers, and two little fingers were treated for four cutting injuries, eleven finger sprains, four crush injuries, and two twist injuries (7 open and 14 closed injuries)...
2018: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749723/high-controlled-diffusion-drug-release-from-ureasil-poly-ethylene-oxide-na-montmorillonite-hybrid-hydrogel-nanocomposites
#8
Celso Ricardo Jesus, Eduardo Ferreira Molina, Sandra Helena Pulcinelli, Celso V Santilli
In this work, we report the effects of incorporation of variable amounts (1-20 wt%) of sodium montmorillonite (MMT) into a siloxane-poly(ethylene oxide) hybrid hydrogel prepared by the sol-gel route. The aim was to control the nanostructural features of the nanocomposite, improve the release profile of the drug sodium diclofenac (SDCF), and optimize the swelling behavior of the hydrophilic matrix. The nanoscopic characteristics of the siloxane-crosslinked poly(ethylene oxide) network, the semi-crystallinity of the hybrid, and the intercalated or exfoliated structure of the clay were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), and differential scattering calorimetry (DSC)...
May 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748731/dioscorea-nipponica-makino-a-systematic-review-on-its-ethnobotany-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-profiles
#9
REVIEW
Si-Hong Ou-Yang, Tao Jiang, Lin Zhu, Tao Yi
Dioscorea nipponica Makino is a perennial twining herbs belonging to the family Dioscoreaceae, which is mainly distributed in the northeastern, northern, eastern and central regions of China. Traditionally, the rhizome of this herb has been commonly used by Miao and Meng ethnic groups of China to treat rheumatoid arthritis, pain in the legs and lumbar area, Kashin Beck disease, bruises, sprains, chronic bronchitis, cough and asthma. Modern pharmacological studies have discovered that this herb possesses anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-diuretic, analgesic, anti-tussive, panting-calming and phlegm-dispelling activities, along with enhancing immune function and improving cardiovascular health...
May 11, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739304/soccer-injury-movement-screen-sims-composite-score-is-not-associated-with-injury-among-semi-professional-soccer-players
#10
Robert McCunn, Karen Aus der Fünten, Matthew Whalan, John A Sampson, Tim Meyer
Study Design Prospective cohort. Background The association between movement quality and injury is equivocal. No soccer-specific movement assessment has been prospectively investigated in relation to injury risk. Objectives To investigate the association between a soccer-specific movement quality assessment and injury risk among semi-professional soccer players. Methods Semi-professional soccer players (n=306) from 12 clubs completed the Soccer Injury Movement Screen (SIMS) during the pre-season period. Individual training/match exposure and non-contact time loss injuries were recorded prospectively for the entirety of the 2016 season...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738281/epidemiology-of-figure-skating-injuries-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Julie S Han, Ellen T Geminiani, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: As the popularity and technical demands of figure skating increase, so will the number of athletes presenting with sport-related problems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed from 1980 to 2017. The keywords searched were skating, skaters, incidence, and injuries. The search was limited to English-language articles and human participants. Relevant articles were cross-referenced. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737221/injuries-in-karate-systematic-review
#12
Roger E Thomas, Jodie Ornstein
OBJECTIVES: to identify all studies of Karate injuries and assess injury rates, types, location, and causes. METHODS: Six electronic and four grey literature databases were searched. Two reviewers independently assessed titles/abstracts, abstracted data and assessed risk-of-bias with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Average injury rates/1000AE (AE = athletic-encounter) and/1000minutesAE, injury location and type weighted by study size were calculated. RESULTS: In competitions rates of injury/1000AE and/1000 minutesAE were similar for males (111...
May 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736570/surgical-treatment-paradigms-of-ankle-lateral-instability-osteochondral-defects-and-impingement
#13
Hélder Pereira, Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Pietro Spennacchio, Jorge Batista, Pieter D'Hooghe, Kenneth Hunt, Niek Van Dijk
Ankle sprain is amongst the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries, particularly during sports activities. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) resulting from an ankle sprain might have severe long-lasting consequences on the ankle joint. Despite the fact that most patients will respond favourably to appropriate conservative treatment, around 20% will develop symptomatic CAI with sense of giving away and recurrent sprains leading to functional impairment. "Classical" surgical repair by Brostrom-like surgery in one of its many modifications has achieved good results over the years...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734457/11-361-sports-injuries-in-a-15-year-survey-of-a-level-i-emergency-trauma-department-reveal-different-severe-injury-types-in-the-6-most-common-team-sports
#14
Werner Krutsch, Volker Krutsch, Franz Hilber, Christian Pfeifer, Florian Baumann, Johannes Weber, Paul Schmitz, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele
INTRODUCTION:  Severe sports-related injuries are a common affliction treated in Level I trauma departments. Detailed knowledge on injury characteristics from different medical settings is essential to improve the development of injury prevention strategies in different team sports. METHODS:  Team sport injuries were retrospectively analysed in a Level I trauma department registry over 15 years. Injury and treatment data were compared with regard to competition and training exposure...
May 7, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713920/epidemiological-patterns-of-traumatic-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-non-traumatic-disorders-in-japan-self-defense-forces
#15
Masatoshi Amako, Yoshiyuki Yato, Yasuo Yoshihara, Hiroshi Arino, Hiroshi Sasao, Osamu Nemoto, Tomohito Imai, Atsushi Sugihara, Satoshi Tsukazaki, Yutaka Sakurai, Koichi Nemoto
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. METHODS: All orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who consulted to Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospitals were investigated for their type of injury or disorder, the injured body part, the mechanism, and the cause of injuries...
May 1, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712541/refractory-ulnar-nerve-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-pitcher-with-medial-apophysitis
#16
Aaron R Hellem, Elena J Jelsing, Wendy J Hurd
A 16-year-old high school baseball pitcher with a 3-week history of acute-onset pain in his medial elbow during throwing presented to physical therapy. Following examination, physical therapy was initiated and the patient was referred for imaging, with suspicion of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. Radiographs were noncontributory. Ultrasound imaging, however, was performed by a physiatrist and was suggestive of a partial-thickness tear of the UCL and ulnar nerve enlargement. The physiatrist ordered magnetic resonance imaging, which confirmed a medial apophyseal stress reaction, a mild UCL sprain, and reactive ulnar nerve edema...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707231/preventing-lower-extremity-injury-in-elite-orienteerers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Philip von Rosen, Bodil Halvarsson
Background: The high physical load associated with running through uneven terrain contributes toorienteerers being exposed to high injury risk, where the majority of injuries are located in the lower extremities. Specific training programmes have been effective at reducing injury risk in sports. Yet no trial has been conducted in elite orienteering. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a specific training programme in preventing lower extremity injury in adult elite orienteerers...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685564/postoperative-outcome-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-in-the-active-duty-military-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Thomas J Melton, Joseph H Dannenbaum, Nicholas J Drayer, Justin Robbins, Paul M Ryan
Ankle sprains are common injuries and typically treated conservatively. Chronic ankle instability, however, can require surgery when nonoperative measures fail. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of an active duty population in a retrospective study of patients who had undergone a modified Broström procedure at our facility from January 2010 through April 2014 by a single surgeon. The electronic medical records and Army E-profile database were reviewed to determine whether the patients had returned to active duty and whether they had any permanent postoperative lower extremity activity restrictions...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681160/particulated-autograft-cartilage-implantation-for-the-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-novel-technique
#19
Connor Delman, John Wuellner, Chris Kreulen, Gregg Lundeen, Eric Giza
Osteochondral lesions of the talus often occur following ankle sprains and fractures. Operative intervention is typically required because of the diminished intrinsic repair capability of talar articular cartilage. Several techniques have evolved that emphasize replacing the defect with cartilage that closely mimics the biological properties of hyaline articular cartilage. The goals of operative treatment are resolution of symptoms, physiologic healing, and restoration of function while eliminating the need for further intervention...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679362/anatomical-variation-in-the-form-of-inter-and-intra-individual-laterality-of-the-calcaneofibular-ligament
#20
Hisayoshi Yoshizuka, Kentaro Shibata, Toyoko Asami, Akio Kuraoka
The lateral ligament complex of the ankle is involved in a large proportion of ankle sprains. The calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) is often involved in severe injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical variation and laterality of the CFL to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of CFL-related injuries. This study utilized 110 paired ankles from 55 formalin-fixed Japanese cadavers (33 male and 22 female). The length and width of the CFL and the angle created by the CFL and long axis of the fibula (CF angle) were measured after exposing the CFL by careful dissection from the surrounding tissues...
April 20, 2018: Anatomical Science International
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