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Yutaka Mifune, Atsuyuki Inui, Fumiaki Takase, Yasuhiro Ueda, Issei Shinohara, Ryosuke Kuroda, Takeshi Kokubu
Mallet fingers with an avulsion fracture of the distal phalanx or rupture of the terminal tendon of the extensor mechanism is known as a common injury, while mallet thumb is very rare. In this paper, the case of a 19-year-old woman with a sprained left thumb sustained while playing basketball is presented. Plain radiographs and computed tomography revealed an avulsion fracture involving more than half of the articular surface at the base of the distal phalanx. Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation were performed using the two extension block Kirschner wires' technique under digital block anesthesia...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
M Aurich, D Albrecht, P Angele, C Becher, S Fickert, J Fritz, P E Müller, P Niemeyer, M Pietschmann, G Spahn, M Walther
Background: Osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the ankle are a common cause of ankle pain. Although the precise pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated, it can be assumed that a variety of factors are responsible, mainly including traumatic events such as ankle sprains. Advances in arthroscopy and imaging techniques, in particular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have improved the possibilities for the diagnosis of OCLs of the ankle. Moreover, these technologies aim at developing new classification systems and modern treatment strategies...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
D M Frost, T A C Beach, I Crosby, S M McGill
BACKGROUND: There is limited data available regarding the cost of firefighter injuries. This information is necessary to develop targeted injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To categorize the cost of injuries filed in 2012 by firefighters from a from a large department by job duty, injury type, body part affected, and the general motion pattern employed at the time of injury. METHODS: Data were taken from reports filed by CFD personnel and claims filed with the Workers' Compensation Board (WCB) of Alberta between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Michelle L Delco, John G Kennedy, Lawrence J Bonassar, Lisa A Fortier
The diagnosis of ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is increasing as a result of advancements in non-invasive imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, improved arthroscopic surgical technology and heightened awareness among clinicians. Unlike OA of the knee, primary or age-related ankle OA is rare, with the majority of ankle OA classified as post-traumatic (PTOA). Ankle trauma, more specifically ankle sprain, is the single most common athletic injury, and no effective therapies are available to prevent or slow progression of PTOA...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Ted Sueyoshi, Gen Emoto, Tomoki Yuasa
BACKGROUND: Generalized joint laxity has been linked to ligamentous injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament tear and ankle sprain. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to investigate generalized joint laxity and incidence of ligament injuries in high school-aged female volleyball players. It was hypothesized that volleyball players with a past history of sprains would have increased generalized joint laxity compared with those without any history and that athletes with multiple sprains would demonstrate with a higher generalized joint laxity score than those who had only 1 sprain...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: The injury spectrum published in the literature has mainly been presented for a certain age group, as elderly or for a certain type of injury, as fracture and often restricted to in-hospital care cases. Our objective was to give an overview of the major types of injuries for all age groups and trends in the adult population. METHODS: We analyzed 68,159 adult injury events, which occurred between 1999 and 2008 and was treated at the Emergency Department of Umea University Hospital...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Olle Svensson, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: To inform targeted prevention, we studied patterns of trauma recidivism and whether a first injury predicts the risk for a recurrent injury. METHODS: In a population-based study of 98,502 adult injury events 1999-2012, at the emergency department of Umeå University Hospital, Sweden, we compared non-recidivists with recidivists in terms of patients' sex, age, type of injury and severity of the injury. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of all patients suffered recurrent injuries, which were associated with a higher proportion of inpatient care and more hospital days...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
N Harrasser, K Eichelberg, F Pohlig, H Waizy, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe
Because of their frequency, ankle sprains are of major clinical and economic importance. The simple sprain with uneventful healing has to be distinguished from the potentially complicated sprain which is at risk of transition to chronic ankle instability. Conservative treatment is indicated for the acute, simple ankle sprain without accompanying injuries and also in cases of chronic instability. If conservative treatment fails, good results can be achieved by anatomic ligament reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments...
October 13, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Won Soek Chae, Sang Hyun Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Joon Ho Lee, Mi Sun Lee
The superficial peroneal nerve is vulnerable to damage from ankle sprain injuries and fractures as well as surgery to this region. And it is also one of the most commonly involved nerves in complex regional pain syndrome type II in the foot and ankle region. We report two cases of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment of superficial peroneal nerve for reduction of allodynia in CRPS patients.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Lara Costa E Silva, Isabel Fragoso, Júlia Teles
BACKGROUND: It's becoming increasingly apparent that sports can present danger in the form of injuries. The extent of this problem calls for preventive actions based on epidemiological research. METHODS: Two questionnaires (LESADO and RAPIL II) were distributed in four schools to 651 subjects aged between 10 and 18 years, involved in different levels of physical activity (PA) - recreative sports, school sports, federated sports and no sports participation (except physical education classes)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jeffrey A Guy, Lisa M Knight, Yinding Wang, Jeanette M Jerrell
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries may be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity, comorbid psychiatric or medical conditions, and the prescribed psychostimulant. METHODS: A population-based, retrospective cohort design was employed using South Carolina's Medicaid claims data set covering outpatient and inpatient medical services and medication prescriptions over an 11-year period (January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2006) for patients ≤ 17 years of age with ≥ 2 visits for ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes for ADHD...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
A Rosen, J Ko, C Brown
Chronic ankle instability is a common pathological consequence of ankle sprains. However, screening tools which assess self-reported dysfunction offer little insight into clinical factors which may be useful to improve deficits. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that contribute most to self-reported dysfunction. 93 individuals completed the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), active range of motion, dynamic postural stability assessments, and an arthrometer inversion stress test to assess lateral ankle laxity and stiffness...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Kristen Ranzenberger, Terry L Bunn, Svetla Slavova
OBJECTIVES: The healthcare industry continues to have a high number of reported injuries. The purpose of this study was to characterize healthcare industry injuries by patient contact status, identify the occupations associated with healthcare injuries by patient contact status, and determine healthcare injury rates by occupation to gain a better understanding of healthcare industry-compensated injuries and better target safety practices and programs in the healthcare industry. METHODS: Kentucky healthcare industry workers' compensation first reports of injuries from calendar years 2012-2014 were categorized into injuries involved in direct patient contact versus injuries without direct patient contact using narrative text analysis...
October 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Etienne Cavaignac, David Ancelin, Philippe Chiron, Jean-Louis Tricoire, Karine Wytrykowski, Marie Faruch, Elodie Chantalat
: There is a lively debate about the existence, origins and discoverer of the anterolateral ligament of the knee. The complex anatomy of the lateral aspect of the knee has made it difficult to differentiate between various structures such as the iliotibial band, capsulo-osseous layer, Kaplan's fibres and the anterolateral capsule. The "discovery" of a new anterolateral structure in 2013 was the culmination of many historical studies. In 1879, Paul Ferdinand Segond described a tibial plateau fracture in which he noted a pearly band reinforcing the joint capsule...
October 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Pierre Hertert, Emmanuelle Cugy, Nicolas Morel, Martine Prevost, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of injuries is the first step in the sports injuries prevention. In this context, the IAAF and EA have implemented a prospective injury follow-up during their international athletics championships since 2007, and the FFA initiated since the French championships in 2014. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries during the French Elite championships. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period of the outdoor and indoor French Elite championships, all newly occurring injuries were recorded by the local medical team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Pascal Edouard, Emmanuelle Cugy, Romain Dolin, Nicolas Morel, Kathrin Steffen
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of injuries in athletics is important, with consequences at short and long terms in sport, health, social and professional levels. It is therefore important to define strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in athletics. The objective of this study was to determine whether an injury prevention program (IPP) can reduce the occurrence and/or severity of injuries related to the practice of athletics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPP has been developed, based on current scientific knowledge, targeting exercises on the most common injuries in athletics (hamstring muscle injury, Achilles and patellar tendinopathy, low back pain, ankle sprain) and selecting exercises known to treat and/or prevent these injuries (care stability, hamstrings and leg eccentric muscle strengthening, pelvis balance and stabilizing work)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Alison S Attenborough, Peter J Sinclair, Tristan Sharp, Andrew Greene, Max Stuelcken, Richard M Smith, Claire E Hiller
OBJECTIVES: Ankle sprains account for a large percentage of injuries sustained in netball. The identification of risk factors for ankle sprain is the preliminary action required to inform future prevention strategies. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four netball players from club and inter-district teams. METHODS: Preseason data were collected for; vertical jump height, perceived ankle instability, sprain history, arthrometry inversion-eversion angles, star excursion balance test reach distances, the number of foot lifts during unilateral stance and demi-pointe balance test results...
June 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jan Paul Briet, Roderick M Houwert, Michiel G J S Hageman, Falco Hietbrink, David C Ring, Egbert Jan J M Verleisdonk
BACKGROUND: Swelling, tenderness, and ecchymosis don't correlate with time to functional recovery in patients with a lateral ankle sprain. It is established that psychosocial factors such as symptoms of depression and low pain self-efficacy correlate with pain intensity and magnitude of limitations in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: We studied the correlation between pain self-efficacy or symptoms of depression and (1) ankle specific limitations and (2) pain intensity in patients with a lateral ankle sprain...
September 9, 2016: Injury
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