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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#1
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633287/genetic-diseases-and-aneuploidies-can-be-detected-with-a-single-blastocyst-biopsy-a-successful-clinical-approach
#2
Maria Giulia Minasi, Francesco Fiorentino, Alessandra Ruberti, Anil Biricik, Elisabetta Cursio, Ettore Cotroneo, Maria Teresa Varricchio, Matteo Surdo, Francesca Spinella, Ermanno Greco
STUDY QUESTION: Can simultaneous detection of aneuploidies and genetic diseases or chromosomal aberrations in blastocysts reduce the chance of transferring embryos with low implantation potential, guaranteeing good clinical outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The screening for chromosomal aneuploidies revealed that 50.6% of blastocysts diagnosed free of genetic disease or balanced, were aneuploid, therefore avoiding the transfer of blastocysts potentially resulting in implantation failures, miscarriages, or in some cases, in health affected live births...
June 12, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#3
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629605/ct-findings-in-11-patients-with-tafro-syndrome-a-variant-of-multicentric-castleman-s-disease
#4
T Kiguchi, C Sato, K Takai, Y Nakai, Y Kaneko, M Matsuki
AIM: To assess detailed computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with the recently described thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin fibrosis, and organomegaly (TAFRO) syndrome, in order to contribute to imaging interpretation in the challenging diagnosis of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the need for informed consent. Eleven patients (six men, five women; mean age, 52.5 years) with confirmed TAFRO syndrome were included in this study...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614540/burnout-syndrome-prevalence-in-physiotherapists
#5
Blanca González-Sánchez, María Victoria González López-Arza, Jesús Montanero-Fernández, Enrique Varela-Donoso, Juan Rodríguez-Mansilla, José Carlos Mingote-Adán
Objective: To evaluate burnout syndrome in its three aspects, jointly as well as independently, in physiotherapists from the Extremadura region (Spain). Method: Analytic descriptive epidemiological transversal trial in primary care and institutional practice, with physiotherapists practicing in Extremadura who met the inclusion criteria, after having signed an informed consent form. Emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional accomplishment were the outcomes measured...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609010/submicroscopic-malaria-infections-in-pregnant-women-from-six-departments-in-haiti
#6
Maha A Elbadry, Massimiliano S Tagliamonte, Christian P Raccurt, Jean F Lemoine, Alexandre Existe, Jacques Boncy, Thomas A Weppelman, John B Dame, Bernard A Okech
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of malaria in pregnancy in Haiti. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among pregnant women in 6 departments of Haiti. After obtaining informed consent, whole blood samples and demographic surveys were collected to investigate malaria prevalence, anemia and socio-behavioral risk factors for infection, respectively. 311 pregnant women were screened for Plasmodium falciparum infection using a rapid diagnostic test (RDT), microscopy, and a novel, quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction method (qRT-PCR)...
June 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606185/non-malarial-infectious-diseases-of-antenatal-care-in-pregnant-women-in-franceville-gabon
#7
Irene Pegha Moukandja, Edgard Brice Ngoungou, Guy Joseph Lemamy, Ulrick Bisvigou, Antoine Gessain, Fousseyni S Toure Ndouo, Mirdad Kazanji, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki
BACKGROUND: In sub-tropical countries, infectious diseases remain one of the main causes of mortality. Because of their lack of active immunity, pregnant women and their unborn children represent the most susceptible people. In Gabon, data on infectious diseases of pregnant women such as syphilis and rubella are either scarce or very old. Few studies have assessed T. gondii infection during pregnancy in the country. Here, we evaluate seroprevalence of HIV, HTVL-1, syphilis and T. gondii and rubella infection during antenatal care among women living in Franceville, Gabon...
June 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604801/high-blood-levels-of-lead-in-children-aged-6-36-months-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study-of-associated-factors
#8
Meghnath Dhimal, Khem Bahadur Karki, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Bimala Dhimal, Hari Datt Joshi, Sajan Puri, Achyut Raj Pandey, Purushotam Dhakal, Arun Kumar Sharma, Ganendra Bhakta Raya, Imran Ansari, David A Groneberg, Ruth Müller, Ulrich Kuch
Young children are at greatest risk of exposure to lead and its effects. Although lead is one of the most widely used elements with known health hazard, there is little data on the blood lead level (BLL) of children in the Kathmandu Valley. Thus, this study aimed to assess factors associated with high BLL in children who were 6-36 months of age and resided in the Kathmandu Valley. In this hospital-based cross-sectional study 6-36 month-old children visiting the Paediatrics Outpatient Department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Patan Hospital, and Siddhi Memorial Hospital were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601820/axillary-versus-innominate-artery-cannulation-for-antegrade-cerebral-perfusion-in-aortic-surgery-design-of-the-aortic-surgery-cerebral-protection-evaluation-ace-cardiolink-3-randomised-trial
#9
Vinay Garg, Mark D Peterson, Michael Wa Chu, Maral Ouzounian, Roderick Gg MacArthur, John Bozinovski, Ismail El-Hamamsy, F Victor Chu, Ankit Garg, Judith Hall, Kevin E Thorpe, Natasha Dhingra, Hwee Teoh, Thomas R Marotta, David A Latter, Adrian Quan, Muhammad Mamdani, Peter Juni, C David Mazer, Subodh Verma
INTRODUCTION: Neurological injury remains the major cause of morbidity and mortality following open aortic arch repair. Systemic hypothermia along with antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) is the accepted cerebral protection approach, with axillary artery cannulation being the most common technique used to establish ACP. More recently, innominate artery cannulation has been shown to be a safe and efficacious method for establishing ACP. Inasmuch as there is a lack of high-quality data comparing axillary and innominate artery ACP, we have designed a randomised, multi-centre clinical trial to compare both cerebral perfusion strategies with regards to brain morphological injury using diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI)...
June 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600374/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-community-dwelling-women-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-protocol-study
#10
Rakibul M Islam, John Oldroyd, Md Nazmul Karim, Sultana Monira Hossain, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Lorena Romero, Jane Fisher
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) including urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are common debilitating conditions among women in high-income countries. However, PFDs in women in low/middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been studied extensively. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature to determine the prevalence of, and/or risk factors for, PFDs in women in LMIC. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Maternity & Infant Care and Google Scholar for eligible studies...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594762/a-shared-decision-making-intervention-to-guide-opioid-prescribing-after-cesarean-delivery
#11
Malavika Prabhu, Emily McQuaid-Hanson, Stephanie Hopp, Sara M Burns, Lisa R Leffert, Ruth Landau, Julie C Lauffenburger, Niteesh K Choudhry, Anjali Kaimal, Brian T Bateman
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a shared decision-making intervention decreases the quantity of oxycodone tablets prescribed after cesarean delivery. TECHNIQUE: A tablet computer-based decision aid formed the basis of a shared decision-making session to guide opioid prescribing after cesarean delivery. Women first received information on typical trajectories of pain resolution and expected opioid use after cesarean delivery and then chose the number of tablets of 5 mg oxycodone they would be prescribed up to the institutional standard prescription of 40 tablets...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592238/a-survey-of-palliative-medicine-education-in-japan-s-undergraduate-medical-curriculum
#12
Yoichi Nakamura, Yusuke Takamiya, Mari Saito, Koichi Kuroko, Tatsuko Shiratsuchi, Kenzaburo Oshima, Yuko Ito, Satoshi Miyake
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the status of undergraduate palliative care education among Japanese medical students using data from a survey conducted in 2015. METHODS: A questionnaire was originally developed, and the survey forms were sent to universities. The study's objectives, methods, disclosure of results, and anonymity were explained to participating universities in writing. Responses returned by the universities were considered to indicate consent to participate...
June 7, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589156/outcome-of-expedited-rotator-cuff-surgery-in-injured-workers-determinants-of-successful-recovery
#13
Helen Razmjou, Dragana Boljanovic, Sandra Lincoln, Richard Holtby, Stephen Gallay, Patrick Henry, Iona Macritchie, Cheryl Borthwick, Lauren Mayer, Carolyn Roknic, Deborah Shore, Allison Kamino, Julie Grossman, Joanne Hill, Gargi Singh, Niki Travers, Loraine Yanofsky, Marni Wilson, Shellina Sumar, Alicia Savona, Filomena De Medeiros, Helen Mann, Aisha Champsi, Stefanie Chau, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
BACKGROUND: Work-related rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of disability and employee time loss. PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of expedited rotator cuff surgery in injured workers who underwent rotator cuff decompression or repair and to explore the impact of demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors in predicting the outcome of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Injured workers who were seen at a shoulder specialty program and who underwent expedited arthroscopic rotator cuff decompression or repair were observed for a period of 6 to 12 months based on their type of surgery and recovery trajectory...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582256/internet-based-exercise-therapy-using-algorithms-for-conservative-treatment-of-anterior-knee-pain-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Tae Won Benjamin Kim, Nic Gay, Arpit Khemka, Jonathan Garino
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment remains the first-line option, and there is significant medical evidence showing that home-based exercise therapy for the treatment of common causes of knee pain is effective. SimpleTherapy created an online platform that delivers Internet-based exercise therapy for common causes of knee pain. The system is driven by an algorithm that can process the user's feedback to provide an adaptive exercise regimen. This triple-armed, pragmatic randomized pilot was designed to evaluate if this telerehabilitation platform is safe and effective...
December 14, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578151/an-updated-assessment-of-postpartum-sterilization-fulfillment-after-vaginal-delivery
#15
Kristen K Wolfe, Machelle D Wilson, Melody Y Hou, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: To describe sterilization completion rates after vaginal delivery and indications for unfulfilled procedures. STUDY DESIGN: We used labor and delivery operating room and delivery logs to identify all women over 20years of age with a completed live vaginal birth beyond 24weeks gestation over a 33-month period (March 1, 2012 to November 30, 2014). We reviewed the electronic medical records of all of these patients, and identified those who requested a sterilization procedure as indicated in a physician's admission note or antenatal record...
May 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#16
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570247/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-stoma-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-patients-with-a-colostomy-or-ileostomy-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ana Lívia de Oliveira, Larissa Loures Mendes, Michele Pereira Netto, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite
Many studies examining the quality of life of stoma patients utilize questionnaires that have not been validated specifically for these patients in their native language. Owing to the large and increasing prevalence of intestinal stomas, a cross-sectional study was conducted among patients of a stoma patient health care service in Juiz de Fora, Brazil between September 2014 and August 2015 to validate the Stoma Quality of Life (Stoma-QoL) questionnaire in Portuguese (Brazilian variant). In addition, the effect of sociodemographic, clinical, and eating habit variables on the quality of life of people with a colostomy or ileostomy was assessed...
May 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567172/forms-of-stigma-and-discrimination-in-the-daily-lives-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-mauritania
#18
Boushab Mohamed Boushab, Malick Fall Fatim-Zahra, Ould Cheikh Melaïnine Mohamed Limame, Basco Leonardo Kishi
SUMMARY: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are often discriminated against in their daily lives. The objective of this descriptive and transversal study was to describe the experiences of PLWHA followed at a specialized outpatient center in Nouakchott to assess the forms of stigma from the perspective of those who suffer from discrimination. METHODS: All HIV-positive patients over the age of 18 years who were aware of their HIV status and provided consent to participate in the study were included from June 1 to 29, 2015...
2017: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558825/does-an-8-week-home-based-exercise-program-affect-physical-capacity-quality-of-life-sick-leave-and-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Nanna Rolving, Barbara C Brocki, Hanne R Mikkelsen, Pernille Ravn, Jannie Rhod Bloch-Nielsen, Lars Frost
BACKGROUND: The existing evidence base in pulmonary embolism (PE) is primarily focused on diagnostic methods, medical treatment, and prognosis. Only a few studies have investigated how everyday life is affected by PE, although many patients are negatively affected both physically and emotionally after hospital discharge. Currently, no documented rehabilitation options are available for these patients. We aim to examine whether an 8-week home-based exercise intervention can influence physical capacity, quality of life, sick leave, and use of psychotropic drugs in patients medically treated for PE...
May 30, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557874/partnerships-in-transitions-acute-care-to-skilled-nursing-facility
#20
Mae L Dizon, Ruth Zaltsmann, Cheryl Reinking
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Older adults, in particular those discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), are at high risk for readmission. As part of a multifaceted approach to reduce readmissions, a community hospital initiated a 3-prong approach (Collaboration, Communication, and Competency) and partnered with regional SNFs. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTINGS: El Camino Hospital, an independent, locally owned, not-for-profit district, acute care hospital in Northern California, and 11 participating SNFs in the same region...
July 2017: Professional Case Management
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