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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784556/the-effect-of-classical-turkish-music-on-pain-severity-and-anxiety-levels-in-patients-undergoing-bone-marrow-aspiration-and-biopsy
#1
Ülkü Özdemir, Sultan Taşcı, Esra Yıldızhan, Süheyla Aslan, Bülent Eser
Bone marrow aspiration is a painful procedure. In addition, the anxiety experienced during the procedure can affect the pain felt during the procedure. This study was conducted as a randomized controlled study to determine the effect of classical Turkish music on pain severity and anxiety levels in patients undergoing bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. The study was performed in an oncology hospital with a total of 30 patients, of whom 14 were in the intervention group and 16 were in the control group. All underwent bone marrow aspiration and biopsy for the first time...
May 18, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783254/-legal-bases-of-vaccination-in-ukraine
#2
Olena O Terzi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Despite the extraordinary progress made in the field of vaccination, a large number of children in the last decade, 24 million children, or nearly 20% of children born every year, do not receive a full plan for vaccination during their first year of life. The aim: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal framework of vaccination in Ukraine, comparing the approach of the domestic legislator to the vaccination with foreign experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Methods of research are selected based on the goal of the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779857/factors-affecting-the-incidence-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-undergoing-computed-tomography
#3
M Heras Benito, M Garrido Blázquez, Y Gómez Sanz, M Bernardez Mardomingo, J Ruiz Cacho, F J Rodríguez Recio, M J Fernández-Reyes Luis
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy in a cohort of patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) with intravenous iodinated contrast material. To evaluate the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was carried out in the months comprising March 2016 through July 2016. We selected the first five patients scheduled to undergo CT examination each day who agreed to participate and signed the informed consent form...
May 17, 2018: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779816/omega-3-supplementation-effects-on-body-weight-and-depression-among-dieter-women-with-co-morbidity-of-depression-and-obesity-compared-with-the-placebo-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Maryam Chamari
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of the omega-3 supplementation on body weight and depression among women with co-morbidity of depression and obesity seeking weight reduction compared with the placebo. METHODS: Sixty five patients with co-morbidity of depression and overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 25) signed the informed consent form and enrolled into this 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical Trial. Subsequently, participants randomly assigned into one of the two groups receiving daily 6 capsules of omega-3 (each capsule containing 180 mg EPA, and 120 mg DHA) or 6 capsules of placebo (two with each meal)...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767828/a-digitally-facilitated-citizen-science-driven-approach-accelerates-participant-recruitment-and-increases-study-population-diversity
#5
Milo A Puhan, Nina Steinemann, Christian P Kamm, Stephanie Müller, Jens Kuhle, Roland Kurmann, Pasquale Calabrese, Jürg Kesselring, Viktor von Wyl, Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry Smsr
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Our aim was to assess whether a novel approach of digitally facilitated, citizen-science research, as followed by the Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry (Swiss MS Registry), leads to accelerated participant recruitment and more diverse study populations compared with traditional research studies where participants are mostly recruited in study centres without the use of digital technology. METHODS: The Swiss MS Registry is a prospective, longitudinal, observational study covering all Switzerland...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763355/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-young-children-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) was prevalent in Hong Kong. Children with ECC risk should be identified early for prevention. This study aimed to identify common risk factors of ECC in Hong Kong 3-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Sample size calculation showed at least 6,321 of 3-year-old children should be invited in this study. A consent form and a questionnaire enquiring the children's oral health behaviours and social-economic background were distributed to their parents...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761674/screening-arab-israeli-pregnant-women-for-group-b-streptococcus-by-the-amplivue-gbs-assay-are-the-rates-higher-than-the-national-average
#7
Marwan Hakim, Adel Jabour, Miriam Anton, Meggie Hakim, Sahar Kheirallah
BACKGROUND: The recommendation of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention regarding universal screening for Group B Streptococcus (GBS) at 35-37 weeks gestational age in pregnancy is not accepted in Israel. The National Council for Obstetrics, Neonatology and Genetics recommends intrapartum prophylaxis, mainly based on risk factors, to prevent early neonatal GBS infection. This policy is based on past studies demonstrating low colonization rates of the bacteria in Israeli pregnant women and very low neonatal sepsis rates...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760829/challenges-in-recruiting-african-american-women-for-a-breast-cancer-genetics-study
#8
Amanda J Compadre, Melinda E Simonson, Katy Gray, Gail Runnells, Susan Kadlubar, Kristin K Zorn
Background: African-American women, especially in the southern United States, are underrepresented in cancer genetics research. A study was designed to address this issue by investigating the germline mutation rate in African-American women in Arkansas with a personal and/or family history of breast cancer. Women were tested for these mutations using a large panel of breast cancer susceptibility genes. In this analysis, we discuss the challenges encountered in recruiting African-American women from an existing biorepository to participate in this study...
2018: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758172/electronic-informed-consent-to-facilitate-recruitment-of-pregnant-women-into-research
#9
Julia C Phillippi, Jennifer K Doersam, Jeremy L Neal, Christianne L Roumie
Methods to obtain informed consent digitally or electronically may increase the participation of racially and geographically diverse pregnant women in prospective research, which is essential to improve the evidence base for maternity care. We evaluated the feasibility and utility of e-consent in the first year of a multiyear clinical trial involving pregnant women. Of the 86 women screened, 71 were eligible, 65 (93% of eligible) agreed to review the e-consent form, and 61 (86% of eligible) completed the e-consent process...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758099/the-reduction-in-treatment-efficiency-at-high-acoustic-powers-during-mr-guided-transcranial-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-for-essential-tremor
#10
Alec Hughes, Yuexi Huang, Michael L Schwartz, Kullervo Hynynen
PURPOSE: To analyze clinical data indicating a reduction in the induced energy-temperature efficiency relationship during transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS) essential tremor (ET) thalamotomy treatments at higher acoustic powers, establish its relationship with the spatial distribution of the focal temperature elevation, and explore its cause. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of patients (N = 19) treated between July 2015-August 2016 for Essential Tremor (ET) by FUS thalamotomy was performed...
May 14, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757375/establishing-the-feasibility-of-a-tablet-based-consent-process-with-older-adults-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Nimali Jayasinghe, B Isabel Moallem, Margo Kakoullis, Mary-Jane Ojie, Lili Sar-Graycar, Katarzyna Wyka, M Cary Reid, John P Leonard
Purpose of the Study: This mixed-methods study explored the feasibility and acceptability of using a tablet-based research consent process with adults aged ≥65 years. Design and Methods: In the first phase, focus group participants reported on their perceptions of a tablet-based consent process. In the second phase, older adults were randomized to view either a tablet-based or paper-based consent for a mock clinical trial. Measurements included: time to complete, adverse/unexpected events, user-friendliness, immediate comprehension, and retention at a 1-week delay...
May 11, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756697/consents-or-waivers-of-responsibility-parents-information-in-nicu
#12
Carlo V Bellieni, Caterina Coradeschi, Maria R Curcio, Elisa Grande, Giuseppe Buonocore
BACKGROUND: Informing the patient is a base of modern medicine; nonetheless, a great discrepancy exists between hospitals on the way this information should be administered. This is particularly important when the patient are babies: the information should be given to their parents who should approve or disapprove the treatment. Aim of this study is to assess the adequacy of the information administered to the parents of babies admitted into the Neonatal Intensive Care Units. METHODS: We analyzed the consent forms of center-north Italy NICUs...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746175/informed-consent-current-challenges-and-lessons-learned-from-the-american-lung-association-asthma-airways-clinical-research-centers-network-ala-acrc
#13
Jason E Lang, Anusha Vadlamudi
True informed consent is a vital component of clinical research. Obtaining informed consent involves informing the subject about the study purpose, any tests and procedures that may be involved, his or her rights, and potential risks and benefits of participation. Over the past few decades, informed consent documents have gotten longer and more complicated in order to comply with regulatory standards. This jeopardizes participant understanding and the intended purpose of the document. We analyzed the complexity of informed consent documents in 8 American Lung Association Asthma Clinical Research Center (ALA-ACRC) clinical trials taking place between 2000 and 2015...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735862/influence-of-visual-information-on-consent-for-invasive-procedures-in-intensive-care-unit
#14
E C Celik, M Ekinci, B Ciftci, B E Gölboyu, O Ö Kilinç
Objective: Patients hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are critically ill. Sometimes informed consent for invasive procedures cannot be obtained from patients or relatives due to insufficient information. Methodology: Relatives of the patients who were being hospitalized in ICUs of state hospitals in 3 provinces in Eastern part of Turkey during year 2015, who were planned to undergo central venous catheter insertion, tracheostomy, and percutaneous gastroenterostomy (PGE) were asked to sign consent forms and these relatives were included in the study...
May 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731261/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-ethics-approval-for-a-research-study-2
#15
Pierre Mallia
Research Ethics Committees are composed of a minimum of five members which include a lay person, a member from a different institution and at least another three members which should be versed in ethics. Legal and expert advisors can be sought by the committee. The REC will require a detailed protocol from the researcher including the curriculum of the principal investigator and all other researchers under him/her. The protocol should include all details of the research to be undertaken including a detailed description, the reasons for the research, literature pertaining to the research, a clear description of the target population, the actual consent form including what information is to be given to the participants, a declaration where necessary that things prohibited by the law (such as use of embryonic stem cells if this is the case in the country [2] will not be researchers, and a declaration that the relevant directives and rules and procedures which the REC falls under will be followed...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731260/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-informed-consent-in-research
#16
Pierre Mallia
The autonomy of patients participating in research means that a proper informed consent process must take place. This means that information must be given according to a reasonable person standard implying what legally and ethical a reasonable person participating in the research would want to know. The research must assure that the patient has understood all the information given and that a voluntary choice has been made. This means that no form of coercion must take place and that information must not be manipulated in such a way as to influence the participant...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727232/improving-consent-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-fractured-neck-of-femur
#17
Gajendiran Thiruchandran, Andrew R McKean, Branavan Rudran, Mohamed A Imam, Keefai Yeong, Abdel Hassan
Background Neck of femur fractures and their subsequent operative fixation are associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Consenting in this setting is suboptimal with the Montgomery court ruling changing the perspective of consent. This quality improvement project assessed the adequacy of consenting against British Orthopaedic Association-endorsed guidance and implemented a series of changes to improve the documentation of risks associated with surgery for fractured neck of femur...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724453/trends-of-informed-consent-forms-for-industry-sponsored-clinical-trials-in-rheumatology-over-a-17-year-period-readability-and-assessment-of-patients-health-literacy-and-perceptions
#18
Hector de la Mora-Molina, Aldo Barajas-Ochoa, Leon Sandoval-Garcia, Martha Navarrete-Lorenzon, Edgar A Castañeda-Barragan, José Dionisio Castillo-Ortiz, Francisco Javier Aceves-Avila, Jose Yañez, Lilia Patricia Bustamante-Montes, Cesar Ramos-Remus
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in the length and readability of informed consent forms (ICFs) for industry-sponsored multinational clinical trials (RCTs) in rheumatology over a 17-year period. Additionally, to assess the health literacy (HL) and perceptions of ICFs among participants of current RCTs. METHODS: The readability of ICFs conducted at an outpatient rheumatology clinic between 1999 and 2016 were assessed using the INFLESZ scale. Patients' HL was assessed using SALHSA-50 and STOFHLA...
March 16, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724236/patient-consent-to-publication-and-data-sharing-in-industry-and-nih-funded-clinical-trials
#19
O'Mareen Spence, Richie Onwuchekwa Uba, Seongbin Shin, Peter Doshi
BACKGROUND: Participants are recruited into clinical trials under the assumption that the research will contribute to medical knowledge. Therefore, non-publication trials-and, more recently, lack of data sharing-are widely considered to violate the trust of trial participants. Existing practices regarding patient consent to publication and data sharing have not been evaluated. Analyzing informed consent forms (ICFs), we studied what trial participants were told regarding investigators' intention to contribute to medical knowledge, publish trial results, and share de-identified trial data...
May 3, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722790/utility-of-adipocyte-fractions-in-fat-grafting-in-an-athymic-rat-model
#20
Yucel Akgul, Ryan Constantine, Mason Bartels, Philipp Scherer, Kathryn Davis, Jeffrey M Kenkel
Background: Multiple processing and handling methods of autologous fat yields to variations in graft retention and viability, which results in unpredictable clinical outcomes. Objective: This study aims to understand the skin effects of fat graft preparations that contain a varying ratio of free-lipid and stem-cell-bearing stromal vascular fractions (SVF). Methods: Lipoaspirates from consenting patients were processed into emulsified fat and then SVF and adipocyte fractions (free-lipid)...
May 2, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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