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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156326/monitoring-lean-meat-percentage-predictions-from-optical-grading-probes-by-a-commercial-cutting-pattern
#1
Lars Erik Gangsei, Frøydis Bjerke, Morten Røe, Ole Alvseike
The lean meat percentage (LMP) classification in Norwegian slaughterhouses is obtained by Hennessy Grading Probe 7 (HGP7), an optical tool. Even though the HGP7 method is validated frequently, there is industrial and legislative demand to reconsider the applied LMP equation, typically due to the introduction of new breeds. A deboning pilot plant generates precise yield data using cutting and deboning stratified pork carcasses by a specific commercial cutting pattern (CCP) at an annual rate of approximately 250 slaughter pigs...
November 11, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154002/forensic-evaluation-of-str-typing-reliability-in-lung-cancer
#2
Peng Zhang, Ying Zhu, Yongguo Li, Shisheng Zhu, Ruoxiang Ma, Minzhu Zhao, Jianbo Li
Short tandem repeats (STR) analysis is the gold standard method in the forensics field for personal identification and paternity testing. In cancerous tissues, STR markers are gaining attention, with some studies showing increased instability. Lung cancer, which is one of the most commonmalignancies, has become the most lethal among all cancers. In certain situations, lung cancer tissues may be the only resource available for forensic analysis. Therefore, evaluating the reliability of STR markers in lung cancer tissues is required to avoid false exclusions...
November 11, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153626/the-association-between-paternal-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms-evidence-from-two-population-based-cohorts
#3
Gemma Lewis, Martha Neary, Ela Polek, Eirini Flouri, Glyn Lewis
BACKGROUND: Incidence of depression increases markedly around age 13 years, and nearly three-quarters of adults report that their mental health problems started in adolescence. Although maternal depression is a risk factor for adolescent depression, evidence about the association between paternal and adolescent depression is inconclusive, and many studies have methodological limitations. We aimed to assess the association between paternal and adolescent depressive symptoms in two large population-based cohort studies...
November 13, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150717/genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-study-of-the-chinese-gelao-ethnic-minority-via-23-y-str-loci
#4
Pengyu Chen, Yanyan Han, Guanglin He, Haibo Luo, Tianzhen Gao, Feng Song, Dengfu Wan, Jian Yu, Yiping Hou
Haplotype diversity for 23 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci included in the PowerPlex(®) Y23 System was analyzed in the Chinese Gelao minority group of 234 unrelated males living in Daozhen Gelao-Miao Autonomous County in Guizhou Province, southwest China. A total of 216 different haplotypes were detected, of which 199 haplotypes were unique. The overall haplotype diversity (HD) and discrimination capacity (DC) were 0.9996 and 0.9231, respectively. The gene diversity (GD) ranged from 0.4159 (DYS438) to 0...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143309/a-comparison-of-paternity-data-and-relative-testes-size-as-measures-of-level-of-sperm-competition-in-the-hominoidea
#5
R Robin Baker, Todd K Shackelford
OBJECTIVES: The phrase "level of sperm competition" is used only vaguely in the primate literature. There is also little distinction between the important elements of frequency and intensity of sperm competition, largely because the two current forms of measurement (socio-sexual system and relative testes size) are both proxies which allow neither precision nor fine distinctions. Both measures have critics, socio-sexual system in particular being branded subjective, misleading, and changeable...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143198/the-effect-of-parental-age-on-nf1-patients-in-turkey
#6
P Sharafi, B Anlar, S Ersoy-Evans, A Varan, O F Yılmaz, M Turan, S Ayter
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the most common neurogenetic disorder worldwide, and its clinical presentations are highly variable. NF1 is caused by mutations in the NF1 gene, and 50% of NF1 cases are sporadic, which occur in the absence of a family history of the disease and usually result from a new mutation in the germline of a parent. Advanced paternal age may increase the risk for germinal NF1 mutations; however, some dominant conditions, including neurofibromatosis, have shown a lesser association with paternal age, although there are conflicting reports in the literature...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143146/screening-transferable-microsatellite-markers-across-genus-phalaenopsis-orchidaceae
#7
Ya-Zhu Ko, Huei-Chuan Shih, Chi-Chu Tsai, Hsing-Hua Ho, Pei-Chun Liao, Yu-Chung Chiang
BACKGROUND: Molecular identification based on microsatellite loci is an important technology to improve the commercial breeding of the moth orchid. There are more than 30,000 cultivars have been enrolled at the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). In this study, genomic microsatellite primer sets were developed from Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana to further examine the transferability of across 21 Phalaenopsis species. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-eight polymorphic microsatellite markers were obtained using the magnetic bead enrichment method, with high transferability of the 21 species of the genus Phalaenopsis, especially in the subgenus Phalaenopsis...
November 15, 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135076/a-heterozygous-mutation-in-rpgr-associated-with-x-linked-retinitis-pigmentosa-in-a-patient-with-turner-syndrome-mosaicism-45-x-46-xx
#8
Qi Zhou, Fengxia Yao, Feng Wang, Hui Li, Rui Chen, Ruifang Sui
Turner syndrome with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is rare, with only three cases reported based on clinical examination alone. We summarized the 4-year follow-up and molecular findings in a 28-year-old patient with Turner syndrome and the typical features of short stature and neck webbing, who also had X-linked RP. Her main complaints were night blindness and progressive loss of vision since the age of 9 years. Ophthalmologic examination, optical coherent tomographic imaging, and visual electrophysiology tests showed classic manifestations of RP...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125964/null-alleles-and-sequence-variations-at-primer-binding-sites-of-str-loci-within-multiplex-typing-systems
#9
Yining Yao, Qinrui Yang, Chengchen Shao, Baonian Liu, Yuxiang Zhou, Hongmei Xu, Yueqin Zhou, Qiqun Tang, Jianhui Xie
Rare variants are widely observed in human genome and sequence variations at primer binding sites might impair the process of PCR amplification resulting in dropouts of alleles, named as null alleles. In this study, 5 cases from routine paternity testing using PowerPlex(®)21 System for STR genotyping were considered to harbor null alleles at TH01, FGA, D5S818, D8S1179, and D16S539, respectively. The dropout of alleles was confirmed by using alternative commercial kits AGCU Expressmarker 22 PCR amplification kit and AmpFℓSTR(®)...
October 28, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119564/intracranial-hemorrhages-in-neonates-born-from-32-weeks-of-gestation-low-frequency-of-associated-fetal-and-neonatal-alloimmune-thrombocytopenia-a-register-based-study
#10
Erle Refsum, Stellan Håkansson, Anette Mörtberg, Agneta Wikman, Magnus Westgren
BACKGROUND: Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a rare condition, with an estimated incidence of one in 1000 to 2000 live births. Predominantly, FNAIT is due to maternal alloantibodies that target paternally derived human platelet antigen (HPA) 1a. The most feared complication is an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of associated maternal platelet (PLT) alloimmunization in a population of neonates born from 32 weeks of gestation and diagnosed with an ICH...
November 8, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115199/the-father-daughter-relationship-in-the-wake-of-maternal-death-from-breast-cancer
#11
Marie M Cohen, David K Wellisch, Sarah R Ormseth, Valerie G Yarema
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines whether a relationship exists between paternal psychological stability and daughters' symptomatology following the death of a wife/mother from breast cancer. Specifically, is there a relationship between paternal parenting style and the daughters' subsequent capacity to form committed relationships later in life? METHODS: We assessed 68 adult daughters (average age = 23.5 years) since the mother's breast cancer diagnosis by means of a semistructured clinical interview and psychological testing...
November 8, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#12
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108443/translating-healthy-living-messages-to-postpartum-women-and-their-partners-after-gestational-diabetes-gdm-body-habitus-a1c-lifestyle-habits-and-program-engagement-results-from-the-families-defeating-diabetes-fdd-randomized-trial
#13
R McManus, D Miller, M Mottola, I Giroux, L Donovan
PURPOSE: The Families Defeating Diabetes intervention evaluated a postpartum healthy living program for women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary centers in London, Calgary, and Victoria, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Women with GDM and partners; 46% of eligible maternal participants agreed to participate. INTERVENTION: Interventional (INT) participants received a healthy living seminar at 3 months; access to a walking group/Website; biweekly e-mails...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105815/mate-choice-screening-in-captive-solitary-carnivores-the-role-of-male-behavior-and-cues-on-mate-preference-and-paternity-in-females-of-a-model-species-american-mink-neovison-vison
#14
Christina Lehmkuhl Noer, Thorsten Johannes Skovbjerg Balsby, Razvan Anistoroaei, Mikkel Stelvig, Torben Dabelsteen
Mate choice studies suggest that choosy females benefit from increased fecundity, litter size, and offspring survival. Thus, providing females with the opportunity to choose among potential mates, deemed genetically suitable based on studbook data, might improve breeding management in production and zoo animals and thereby the sustainability of captive populations. Investigating mate preference via odor from potential mates before animal transfer is a proposed strategy for incorporating mate choice into breeding management...
November 5, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099674/the-role-of-paternal-age-in-the-prediction-of-offspring-intelligence
#15
Jamie M Gajos, Kevin M Beaver
Recent evidence suggests that paternal age at birth influences myriad developmental outcomes among children, but few studies have examined the possibility for father's age to influence children's intellectual development among a sample of high-risk families. The authors use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to examine the association between paternal age at birth among 480 male and 449 female children's verbal IQ scores, as assessed with a version of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at 9 years old...
November 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082207/a-strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-threats-swot-analysis-on-the-clinical-utility-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-testing-in-specific-male-infertility-scenarios
#16
Sandro C Esteves, Ashok Agarwal, Chak-Lam Cho, Ahmad Majzoub
BACKGROUND: Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) is recognized as a leading cause of male infertility because it can impair the paternal genome through distinct pathophysiological mechanisms. Current evidence supports SDF as a major factor in the pathophysiology of several conditions, including varicocele, unexplained infertility, assisted reproductive technology failure, and environmental lifestyle factors, although the mechanisms involved have not been fully described yet. Measurement of the levels of DNA fragmentation in semen provides valuable information on the integrity of paternal chromatin and may guide therapeutic strategies...
September 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080901/genome-wide-regression-models-considering-general-and-specific-combining-ability-predict-hybrid-performance-in-oilseed-rape-with-similar-accuracy-regardless-of-trait-architecture
#17
Christian R Werner, Lunwen Qian, Kai P Voss-Fels, Amine Abbadi, Gunhild Leckband, Matthias Frisch, Rod J Snowdon
Genomic prediction using the Brassica 60 k genotyping array is efficient in oilseed rape hybrids. Prediction accuracy is more dependent on trait complexity than on the prediction model. In oilseed rape breeding programs, performance prediction of parental combinations is of fundamental importance. Due to the phenomenon of heterosis, per se performance is not a reliable indicator for F1-hybrid performance, and selection of well-paired parents requires the testing of large quantities of hybrid combinations in extensive field trials...
October 28, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072471/the-effects-of-paternal-disengagement-on-women-s-perceptions-of-male-mating-intent
#18
Danielle J DelPriore, Randi Proffitt Leyva, Bruce J Ellis, Sarah E Hill
Previous research demonstrates reliable associations between low paternal investment and daughters' precocious and risky sexual behavior. However, little is known about the psychological changes that occur in response to paternal disengagement that encourage these patterns. Here, we aim to redress this empirical gap by testing the effects of paternal disengagement on women's perceptions of male mating intent. In 4 experiments, women who described their fathers' absence (vs. a comparison state) perceived greater: mating intent in the described actions of a hypothetical dating partner (Study 1), sexual arousal in male target faces (Studies 2 and 3), and mating interest from a male confederate (Study 4)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069946/paternal-and-maternal-age-as-risk-factors-for-schizophrenia-a-case-control-study
#19
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Xenia Gonda, Melina Siamouli, Panagiotis Panagiotidis, Katerina Moutou, Ioannis Nimatoudis, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Advanced parental age might constitute a generic risk factor for mental and somatic disorders. The current study tested whether this concerns also patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 231 schizophrenic, 56 other severe mental disorders patients and 204 controls were diagnosed according to DSM-IV-TR. Data were tested with ANOVA models including relative risk and odds ratios. RESULTS: Patients with schizophrenia manifested higher paternal (32...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069698/-motivation-of-men-to-participate-in-physical-activity-programs-for-health-promotion
#20
Bettina Wollesen, Sarah Lorf, Laura Luise Bischoff, Josefine Menzel
Study aim The rate of men participating in health promotion programs is lower than that of women. The reasons and barriers for the different motivation of men as well as wishes and perception for prevention are not yet sufficiently analyzed. This quantitative survey examines motives and barriers of men for participation in primary prevention. Thus, the sample was subdivided into 2 groups, namely motivated vs. non-motivated regarding being active for health promotion. Differences between the 2 groups concerning current health status, health beliefs and health behavior were analyzed to plan more suitable programs in the future...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
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