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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904265/a-study-of-intravenous-administration-of-vitamin-c-in-the-treatment-of-acute-herpetic-pain-and-postherpetic-neuralgia
#1
Min Sung Kim, Dong Jin Kim, Chan Ho Na, Bong Seok Shin
BACKGROUND: Although there are several available management strategies for treatment of both acute pain of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), it is difficult to treat them adequately. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravenously administrated vitamin C on acute pain and its preventive effects on PHN in patients with HZ. METHODS: Between September 2011 and May 2013 eighty-seven patients who were admitted for HZ were assessed according to age, sex, underlying diseases, duration of pain and skin lesion, dermatomal distribution, and PHN...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903196/the-impact-of-cobalt-60-source-age-on-biologically-effective-dose-in-high-dose-functional-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#2
Benjamin H Kann, James B Yu, John M Stahl, James E Bond, Christopher Loiselle, Veronica L Chiang, Ranjit S Bindra, Jason L Gerrard, David J Carlson
OBJECTIVE Functional Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) procedures have been increasingly used for treating patients with tremor, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), and refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although its rates of toxicity are low, GKRS has been associated with some, if low, risks for serious sequelae, including hemiparesis and even death. Anecdotal reports have suggested that even with a standardized prescription dose, rates of functional GKRS toxicity increase after replacement of an old cobalt-60 source with a new source...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903192/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-idiopathic-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-an-international-multicenter-study
#3
Hideyuki Kano, Dusan Urgosik, Roman Liscak, Bruce E Pollock, Or Cohen-Inbar, Jason P Sheehan, Mayur Sharma, Danilo Silva, Gene H Barnett, David Mathieu, Nathaniel D Sisterson, L Dade Lunsford
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) when used for patients with intractable idiopathic glossopharyngeal neuralgia. METHODS Six participating centers of the International Gamma Knife Research Foundation identified 22 patients who underwent SRS for intractable glossopharyngeal neuralgia between 1998 and 2015. The median patient age was 60 years (range 34-83 years). The median duration of symptoms before SRS was 46 months (range 1-240 months)...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902620/long-term-outcomes-of-percutaneous-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-for-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-a-retrospective-observational-study
#4
Xiaoping Wang, Yuanzhang Tang, Yuanjie Zeng, Jiaxiang Ni
The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term results of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation (PRT) for glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN).A retrospective review of medical records for patients with GPN who were treated with CT-guided PRT between 2003 and 2014 was performed to investigate baseline characteristics and immediate outcomes during the hospitalization. Long-term pain relief outcomes and complications were obtained via telephone survey. Duration of pain-free was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902409/prevention-of-herpes-zoster-and-its-complications-from-the-clinic-to-the-real-life-experience-with-the-vaccine
#5
Giovanni Gabutti, Nicoletta Valente, Parvanè Kuhdari, Silvia Lupi, Armando Stefanati
The Herpes Zoster (HZ) is an acute viral illness characterized by a vesicular rash, with unilateral distribution, which can eventually cause severe complications, such as the post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), the ophthalmic zoster, stroke or other neurological complications. In Europe, an incidence between 2.0 and 4.6 cases per 1,000 persons-year is estimated, with an increase after 50 years of age. Currently, the therapeutic options for HZ are only partially effective to limit the acute phase, while the management of complications is frequently complex and not satisfactory...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901275/peripheral-nerve-blocks-for-the-treatment-of-headache-in-older-adults-a-retrospective-study
#6
Jacob R Hascalovici, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide demographical and clinical descriptions of patients age 65 years old and older who were treated with peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) at our institution and evaluate the safety and efficacy of this treatment. BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are common, disabling chronic neurological diseases that often persist with advancing age. Geriatric headache management poses unique therapeutic challenges because of considerations of comorbidity, drug interactions, and adverse effects...
November 30, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897307/-occipital-neuralgia-as-the-first-symptom-of-a-hepatocarcinoma
#7
A Velazquez-Benito, E Bellosta-Diago, S Santos-Lasaosa, C Iniguez-Martinez, C Perez-Lazaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896415/predicting-risk-factors-for-varicella-zoster-virus-infection-and-postherpetic-neuralgia-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-using-ordered-logistic-regression-analysis
#8
Yuko Kanbayashi, Yosuke Matsumoto, Junya Kuroda, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Shigeo Horiike, Toyoshi Hosokawa, Masafumi Taniwaki
To identify risk factors for varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we conducted a retrospective chart review of 163 consecutive patients who underwent HCT between November 2004 and July 2014. Overall, the male/female (M/F) ratio was 80/83, median age at HCT was 54 (range 15-69) years, and autologous/allogeneic HCT (auto/allo-HCT) ratio was 71/92. Forty-four patients [M/F, 25/19; median age, 57 (range: 16-68) years; auto/allo-HCT, 26/18] developed VZV infection after HCT...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896364/-proximal-rupture-of-the-hamstring-tendon-from-clinical-presentation-to-diagnosis-and-therapy
#9
S Bauer, M Riegger, K J Friedrich, W Reichert, W G Blakeney, C Haag
Rupture of the proximal tendon enthesis of the hamstring muscle (ICM) accounts for approximately 10% of all injuries of the ICM. It occurs most commonly in athletes and active middle-aged individuals. The complete rupture of all three tendons in active patients is generally seen as an indication for surgical repair of the tendon enthesis; however, the correct diagnosis is often not reached in a timely manner. This can lead to prolonged symptoms with pain, weakness and neuralgia. Operative treatment consists of anchor repair of the tendons resulting in good clinical outcome in several case series...
November 28, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895247/a-dual-concurrent-mechanism-explains-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Richard B Tenser, Andrea Truini, Giorgio Cruccu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890752/delayed-development-of-aneurysms-following-gamma-knife-surgery-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-report-of-2-cases
#11
Hiroki Uchikawa, Toru Nishi, Yasuyuki Kaku, Tomoaki Goto, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Shigetoshi Yano
BACKGROUND: Delayed development of intracranial aneurysms is an extremely rare complication of gamma knife surgery (GKS), and so far only 6 cases have been reported. Furthermore, there are no reported cases after GKS for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Of the above cases, none referred to the natural history or pathophysiology of GKS-related intracranial aneurysm formation. CASE DESCRIPTION: We treated 2 patients who suffered subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptures of intracranial aneurysms that developed long after GKS...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890181/imaging-of-vascular-compression-syndromes
#12
REVIEW
Joseph H Donahue, David A Ornan, Sugoto Mukherjee
Trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, vestibulocochlear neuralgia and glossopharyngeal neuralgia represent the most common neurovascular compression syndromes. Repeated vascular pulsations at the vulnerable transitional zone of the individual cranial nerves lead to focal axonal injury and demyelination. High-resolution 3-D T2-weighted MR imaging is essential in detecting and mapping neurovascular compression for directed therapy. Knowledge of the specific nerve root exit, the transitional zones, and the adjacent vasculature is critical in proper management...
January 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888745/feasibility-of-eliciting-the-h-reflex-in-the-masseter-muscle-in-patients-under-general-anesthesia
#13
Sedat Ulkatan, Ana Maria Jaramillo, Maria J Téllez, Robert R Goodman, Vedran Deletis
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of eliciting the brainstem H reflex in the masseter muscle in patients under general anesthesia. METHODS: We electrically stimulated the masseteric nerve, a branch of the trigeminal nerve, and recorded ipsilateral masseteric and temporalis muscle responses. We tested eight patients who presented with trigeminal neuralgia; one patient had a temporal bone tumor and one patient had a brainstem arteriovenous malformation. All responses were elicited when patients were under general anesthesia and before the initiation of surgery...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888042/changes-in-neurotrophic-and-inflammatory-factors-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-patients-with-postherpetic-neuralgia
#14
Wenxing Zhao, Yong Wang, Qiwu Fang, Jianping Wu, Xinyou Gao, Hui Liu, Liu Cao, Jianxiong An
Inflammatory and neurotrophic factors are involved in postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), but the association of these factors in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with the level of pain is poorly known. The present study aimed to examine the changes in neurotrophic and inflammatory factors in the CSF of patients with PHN and to study the correlation between these factors and the degree of pain. Fifty patients with PHN and 28 patients with hemifacial spasm (as controls) were recruited between May 2015 and March 2016...
November 23, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885344/drug-induced-hypersensitivity-syndrome-caused-by-carbamazepine-used-for-the-treatment-of-trigeminal-neuralgia
#15
Yuko Ono, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Yoshinori Shirafuji, Toshihisa Hamada, Masanori Masui, Kyoichi Obata, Mayumi Yao, Koji Kishimoto, Akira Sasaki
An 88-year-old man was diagnosed with trigeminal neuralgia, and treatment of carbamazepine 200 mg/day was initiated. About 6 weeks later, the patient developed a skin rash accompanied by fever. He was admitted to hospital and diagnosed with drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) caused by carbamazepine. Oral carbamazepine treatment was stopped, but blood tests showed acute liver and acute renal failure. Drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST) for carbamazepine, human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) IgG, and CMV-HRP were negative...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884603/cranial-nerve-involvement-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#16
Nirav Das, Savannah Kandalaft, Xiao Wu, Ajay Malhotra
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a rare disorder with less than 200,000 cases reported in the US every year, making diagnosis challenging. MR and CT imaging has become more common in the evaluation of CMT to identify areas of disease involvement. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old female from Guatemala with a past history of polio initially presented to the emergency room for necrotizing pneumonia. MRI images demonstrated smoothly enlarged, mildly enhancing trigeminal nerves...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881354/-analysis-of-immune-suppression-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-complicated-by-herpes-zoster-virus-infection
#17
Hui Ouyang, Xue-Chang He, Yi Zhou, Zhao-Xia Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the changes in cellular immune function and the safety of physical therapy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated by herpes zoster (HZ) virus infection. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted among 10 SLE pateints with HZ virus infection, with 30 SLE patients without HZ infection as the control group. The results of routine laboratory tests and T lymphocyte subset counts (before and during infection and after cure of infection) were compared between the two groups...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875506/nerve-combing-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-without-vascular-compression
#18
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Dayin Tang, Shiting Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the long-term clinical outcome of "nerve combing" for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) without vascular compression. METHODS: Fifteen patients with TN treated with microvascular decompression had no visible vascular compression intraoperatively. All of them underwent trigeminal nerve combing. RESULTS: The long-term excellent relief was achieved in 73.3% of patients, 2 patients had good outcome, 1 patient experienced obvious partial relief, and the intensity of the residual pain was not severe enough to require medication...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867122/resolution-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-after-transvenous-embolization-of-a-cavernous-sinus-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#19
Kenji Fukutome, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Takeshi Wada, Yasushi Motoyama, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
A rare case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) that resolved immediately after transvenous embolization (TVE) is described. A 75-year-old woman presented with continuous facial pain. On time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), a CSDAVF was suspected, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed a CSDAVF. The TN completely resolved immediately after TVE, with no recurrence. Follow-up MRA showed complete obliteration of the fistula 13 months after TVE...
November 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866180/positive-effects-of-uyakujunkisan-therapy-kampo-medicine-for-postherpetic-neuralgia-with-concomitant-pregabalin-two-case-reports-with-a-literature-review
#20
Toshiaki Kogure, Naoyuki Harada, Kanoko Yamamoto, Takeshi Tatsumi
Context • The hallmark of herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful, blistering rash, but neuropathic pain can persist beyond the clearing of the rash and is diagnosed as postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a chronic pain syndrome. However, the pain in PHN is often refractory to treatment. Objective • The study investigated the ability of Uyakujunkisan (UJS), or Kampo medicine, a traditional herbal medicine, to treat PHN successfully. Design • The study was observational, with discussion of 2 cases. Setting • The study took place in the Department of Japanese Oriental Medicine at Gunma Central and General Hospital (Maebashi, Gunma, Japan)...
November 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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