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Social Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936372/strategic-self-presentation-or-authentic-communication-predicting-adolescents-alcohol-references-on-social-media
#1
Femke Geusens, Kathleen Beullens
OBJECTIVE: The current study is one of the first to examine how self-reported alcohol consumption, friends' perceived alcohol consumption, and the perceived number of friends sharing alcohol references on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with adolescents' sharing of alcohol references on SNS. METHOD: A cross-sectional paper-and-pencil survey was administered among 3,172 adolescents (n = 3,133 used for analyses, mean age = 17.16 years, SD = 0.93; 50.7% male)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936255/-nursing-progress-notes-in-psychiatry-mental-health-archival-data
#2
Sandra Harrisson
Introduction Nurses' notes are used primarily as a communication tool between nurses, doctors and member of the professional team to ensure continuity of patient care. They contain life-history of individuals with mental health disorders. This nurses' communication tool describes the patient care during hospitalization in acute psychiatric ward. In fact, these observations contained in the progress notes represent more than a simple picture of mental illness. They always tell a story constructed by socio-cultural norms...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935147/cycles-of-silence-first-nations-women-overcoming-social-and-historical-barriers-in-supportive-cancer-care
#3
Chad Hammond, Wendy Gifford, Carolyn Brooks, Ryan Hamilton, Tracy Scott, Doris Warner, Tricia Morrison, Jennifer Poudrier, Roanne Thomas
BACKGROUND: First Nations people with cancer in Canada confront several critical inequities in physical and psychosocial domains. First Nations women are at a particular disadvantage as they are disproportionately affected by social determinants of health, but how they navigate these challenges within their communities is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Our study explores survivorship experiences of First Nations women with cancer and their caregivers. Drawing from a larger data set on survivorship, we identify several major barriers to cancer communication and support in First Nations communities...
December 9, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933005/social-brain-hypothesis-vocal-and-gesture-networks-of-wild-chimpanzees
#4
Sam G B Roberts, Anna I Roberts
A key driver of brain evolution in primates and humans is the cognitive demands arising from managing social relationships. In primates, grooming plays a key role in maintaining these relationships, but the time that can be devoted to grooming is inherently limited. Communication may act as an additional, more time-efficient bonding mechanism to grooming, but how patterns of communication are related to patterns of sociality is still poorly understood. We used social network analysis to examine the associations between close proximity (duration of time spent within 10 m per hour spent in the same party), grooming, vocal communication, and gestural communication (duration of time and frequency of behavior per hour spent within 10 m) in wild chimpanzees...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932233/schizophrenia-risk-alleles-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Lucy Riglin, Stephan Collishaw, Alexander Richards, Ajay K Thapar, Barbara Maughan, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia typically onsets after puberty but is often preceded by observable childhood neurodevelopmental impairments. Whether these childhood antecedents index genetic liability is unknown. We used polygenic risk scores derived from a patient discovery sample as indicators of the genetic liability of schizophrenia. Our aim was to identify the early childhood manifestations of this liability in a UK population-based cohort. METHODS: The study sample was the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective population-based cohort study of 14701 children...
December 5, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931252/the-impact-of-advertising-patient-and-public-involvement-on-trial-recruitment-embedded-cluster-randomised-recruitment-trial
#7
Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Mark Hann, Claire Fraser, Oonagh Meade, Karina Lovell, Bridget Young, Chris Roberts, Lindsey Cree, Donna More, Neil O'Leary, Patrick Callaghan, Waquas Waheed, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement in research (PPIR) may improve trial recruitment rates, but it is unclear how. Where trials use PPIR to improve design and conduct, many do not communicate this clearly to potential participants. Better communication of PPIR might encourage patient enrolment, as trials may be perceived as more socially valid, relevant and trustworthy. We aimed to evaluate the impact on recruitment of directly advertising PPIR to potential trial participants. METHODS: This is a cluster trial, embedded within a host trial ('EQUIP') recruiting service users diagnosed with severe mental illness...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931048/neurodevelopment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-infants-born-with-gastroschisis-a-6-year-retrospective-french-study
#8
Barthelemy Tosello, Meriem Zahed, Floriane Guimond, Karine Baumstarck, Alice Faure, Fabrice Michel, Olivier Claris, Jerome Massardier, Catherine Gire, Thierry Merrot
Introduction Quantify quality of life (QoL) outcomes in gastroschisis children is little assessed. The primary objective was to describe the long-term outcome of newborns with gastroschisis treated in three tertiary care hospitals of France in terms of neurodevelopment and QoL. Materials and Methods The study reported was a cross-sectional, descriptive multicentric retrospective study assessing the outcome of newborns with gastroschisis, born between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014, treated at two large and French level III neonatal intensive care units...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930714/social-context-modulates-facial-imitation-of-children-s-emotional-expressions
#9
Peter A Bos, Nadine Jap-Tjong, Hannah Spencer, Dennis Hofman
Children use emotional facial expressions of others for guiding their behavior, a process which is important to a child's social-emotional development. Earlier studies on facial interaction demonstrate that imitation of emotional expressions of others is automatic, yet can be dynamically modulated depending on contextual information. Considering the value of emotional expressions for children especially, we tested whether and to what extent information about children's temperament and domestic situation alters mimicry of their emotional expressions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930606/a-framework-for-health-communication-across-the-hiv-treatment-continuum
#10
Stella Babalola, Lynn M Van Lith, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Zoe R Packman, Emily Myers, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Emily Harris, Tilly Gurman, Maria-Elena Figueroa
BACKGROUND: As test and treat rolls out, effective interventions are needed to address the determinants of outcomes across the HIV treatment continuum and ensure that people infected with HIV are promptly tested, initiate treatment early, adhere to treatment, and are virally suppressed. Communication approaches offer viable options for promoting relevant behaviors across the continuum. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: This article introduces a conceptual framework, which can guide the development of effective health communication interventions and activities that aim to impact behaviors across the HIV treatment continuum in low- and medium-income countries...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929601/undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma-of-the-vocal-fold
#11
Chang-Yeong Jeong, Choung-Soo Kim
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, previously called malignant fibrous histiocytoma, usually arises in the extremities and retroperitoneum. Primary laryngeal undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma is very rare, with only 63 cases having been reported in the literature as of 2015. The disease has a poor prognosis because of problems with local recurrence and metastasis. Wide resection has been recommended as a treatment modality in previous reports. We report a case of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the vocal fold in a 64-year-old man presenting with rapid growth...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929455/neuropharmacological-manipulation-of-restrained-and-free-flying-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#12
Eirik Søvik, Jenny A Plath, Jean-Marc Devaud, Andrew B Barron
Honey bees demonstrate astonishing learning abilities and advanced social behavior and communication. In addition, their brain is small, easy to visualize and to study. Therefore, bees have long been a favored model amongst neurobiologists and neuroethologists for studying the neural basis of social and natural behavior. It is important, however, that the experimental techniques used to study bees do not interfere with the behaviors being studied. Because of this, it has been necessary to develop a range of techniques for pharmacological manipulation of honey bees...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#13
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929316/assessing-understanding-and-supporting-students-with-autism-at-school-contemporary-science-practice-and-policy
#14
Janine P Stichter, T Chris Riley-Tillman, Shane R Jimerson
Over the past 3 decades, there has been an unprecedented increase in students identified as eligible for special education as a result of students meeting criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The increasing number of students with ASD in the schools presents significant challenges to teachers, school psychologists, and other school professionals working with this population. Although there is considerable research addressing assessment, identification, and support services for children with ASD, there is a need for further research focused on these topics within the school context...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928529/the-effect-of-public-service-advertising-on-cardiovascular-disease-in-korea
#15
Juhyun Jang, Baeg Ju Na, Moo-Sik Lee, Soonryu Seo, Changhyun Sung, Hyun Joo Kim, Jin Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: Public Service Advertising (PSA) is a public interest message disseminated in the form of an advertisement communication and its main purpose is to promote public behavioral changes regarding a social issue. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) has been delivering PSA by various media. However, the effect of PSAs has never been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of broadcasted PSA produced by KCDC on cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928515/mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Maheen F Siddiqui, Clare Elwell, Mark H Johnson
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are classified as neurodevelopmental disorders characterised by diminished social communication and interaction. Recently, evidence has accrued that a significant proportion of individuals with autism have concomitant diseases such as mitochondrial disease and abnormalities of energy generation. This has therefore led to the hypothesis that autism may be linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. We review such studies reporting decreased activity of mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) complexes and reduced gene expression of mitochondrial genes, in particular genes of respiratory chain complexes, in individuals with autism...
September 27, 2016: Autism-open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928136/evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-health-program-sumida-take10-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-which-aims-to-prevent-or-delay-the-need-for-long-term-nursing-care
#17
Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive health program "Sumida TAKE10!", which aims to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among community-dwelling older adults including the pre-frail elderly. This study has been ongoing since 2005 in Sumida Ward, Tokyo with the ultimate aim of preventing or delaying the need for long-term nursing care. We used the term "pre-frail elderly" for older adults who are at risk of requiring long-term care.Methods "Sumida TAKE10!" consists of a general lecture in a public hall followed by 5 educational sessions biweekly at 4-6 community centers...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928086/barriers-to-linkage-to-care-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-a-qualitative-analysis-in-burkina-faso-west-africa
#18
Tamara Giles-Vernick, Fabienne Hejoaka, Armande Sanou, Yusuke Shimakawa, Issiaka Bamba, Abdoulaye Traoré
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a critical global health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently developed a global elimination strategy for HBV infection. Increasing access to screening, liver assessment, and antiviral treatment are crucial steps in achieving this goal. Little is known, however, about obstacles to linkage to care in low- and middle-income countries. Using a grounded theory approach, this qualitative study sought to characterize the diagnostic itineraries of people with chronic HBV infection in Burkina Faso, a west African country with high HBV prevalence, to identify barriers to linkage from screening to specialist care with hepatic assessment (alanine transaminase and hepatitis B e antigen or HBV DNA)...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927979/caring-for-refugee-youth-in-the-school-setting
#19
Jennifer Leigh Johnson, Joyce Beard, Dena Evans
Annually, over 80,000 refugees enter the United States as a result of political or religious persecution. Of these, approximately 35% to 40% are children and adolescents. Refugees are faced with challenges associated with living conditions, cultural and social norms, and socioeconomic status due to problems occurring in their homelands. These challenges include but are not limited to malnutrition, communicable disease, questionable immunization status, lack of formal education, sexual abuse, violence, torture, human trafficking, homelessness, poverty, and a lack of access to health care...
December 7, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927031/challenges-for-females-with-high-functioning-autism-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#20
Susan M Hayward, Keith R McVilly, Mark A Stokes
PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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