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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793121/head-coaches-attitudes-towards-injury-prevention-and-use-of-related-methods-in-professional-basketball-a-survey
#1
J Wilke, D Niederer, L Vogt, W Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the practices and attitudes of professional basketball head coaches towards injury prevention. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Elite-level basketball. PARTICIPANTS: Head coaches of all 366 German professional teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Use of injury risk screening methods, rated importance of different musculoskeletal injuries and rated effectiveness of preventive interventions...
April 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792576/using-a-deep-learning-network-to-recognize-low-back-pain-in-static-standing
#2
Boyi Hu, Chong Kim, Xiaopeng Ning, Xu Xu
Low back pain remains one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders, while algorithms that able to recognize low back pain patients from healthy population using balance performance data are rarely seen. In this study, human balance and body sway performance during standing trials were utilized to recognize chronic low back pain populations using deep neural networks. To be specific, forty-four chronic LBP and healthy individuals performed static standing tasks while their spine kinematics and center of pressure were recorded...
May 24, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792570/a-model-for-predicting-the-risk-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-computer-professionals
#3
Vishnu Sasikumar, Second Champakkadayil Abdul Basheer Binoosh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a model for predicting the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A preliminary study with a modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was conducted to identify the risk in different body parts of the professionals during their work. A discrete postural evaluation of the dynamic postures involved in the work was assessed using rapid upper limb assessment. The postural, physiological and work-related factors were considered as the attributes of the model...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792285/associations-between-trunk-postural-control-in-walking-and-unstable-sitting-at-various-levels-of-task-demand
#4
Julian C Acasio, Courtney M Butowicz, Pawel R Golyski, Maury A Nussbaum, Brad D Hendershot
Trunk postural control (TPC) has been investigated in several populations and tasks. Previous work observed targeted training of TPC via isolated trunk control tasks may improve performance in other activities (e.g., walking). However, the nature of this relationship remains unknown. We therefore investigated the relationship between TPC, at both the global (i.e., response to finite perturbations) and local (i.e., resistance to continuous perturbations) levels, during walking and unstable sitting, both at varying levels of task demand...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792132/relationships-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-sociodemographics-and-body-mass-index-with-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-nurses
#5
Soohyun Nam, MinKyoung Song, Soo-Jeong Lee
Nurses have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms from patient handling tasks such as lifting, transferring, and repositioning. Comorbidities such as musculoskeletal symptoms may negatively affect engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). However, limited data are available on the relationship between musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA among nurses. The purpose of this study was to describe musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA, and to examine the relationships of musculoskeletal symptoms, sociodemographics, and body mass index with LTPA among nurses...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791703/biological-intercalary-reconstruction-with-bone-grafts-after-joint-sparing-resection-of-the-lower-limb-is-this-an-effective-and-durable-solution-for-joint-preservation
#6
Francesco Muratori, Francesca Totti, Antonio D'Arienzo, Maurizio Scorianz, Guido Scoccianti, Giovanni Beltrami, Francesco Rosario Campo, Carmine Citarelli, Rodolfo Capanna, Domenico Andrea Campanacci
Due to advances in neoadjuvant therapies and preoperative imaging modalities, joint-sparing resections have become appealing in bone tumor surgery. However, the intercalary reconstruction of metadiaphyseal bone defects of the femur and the tibia after juxta-articular tumor resection remains challenging. Both biological and prosthetic reconstructions have been used for joint-sparing resections, but little is known about the long-term outcome of these procedures. The authors reviewed a consecutive series of 64 patients treated with joint-sparing intercalary resection and reconstruction with bone grafts...
June 1, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790255/risk-of-major-congenital-malformations-following-first-trimester-exposure-to-vaginal-azoles-used-for-treating-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Reut Rotem, Boris Fishman, Sharon Daniel, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld, Amalia Levy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk for major malformations following first trimester exposure to vaginal azoles. DESIGN: A population based retrospective cohort study of women exposed to vaginal azoles from the first day of the last menstrual period Until the 90th gestational day. SETTING: A combination of four computerized databases: medications, birth, infant hospitalizations and pregnancy terminations. POPULATION: All women who gave birth or undergone a pregnancy termination at Soroka Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel, between 1999 to 2009...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789912/meniscal-pathologies-on-mri-correlate-with-increased-bone-tracer-uptake-in-spect-ct
#8
Jan Rechsteiner, Michael T Hirschmann, Milos Dordevic, Anna L Falkowski, Enrique A Testa, Felix Amsler, Anna Hirschmann
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship of subchondral bone tracer uptake (BTU) on SPECT/CT and meniscal pathologies on MRI in patients with painful knees. METHODS: Twenty-five patients who had MRI and SPECT/CT within 3 months without knee surgery or grade ≥3 cartilage lesions were prospectively included. Maximum values of each subchondral femorotibial area were quantified and a ratio was calculated in relation to a femoral shaft reference region, which represented the BTU background activity...
May 22, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788945/musculoskeletal-disorders-among-preschool-teachers-analyzing-the-relationships-among-relational-demands-work-meaning-and-intention-to-leave-the-job
#9
Daniela Converso, Sara Viotti, Ilaria Sottimano, Vincenza Cascio, Gloria Guidetti
BACKGROUND: Based on the conservation of resource (COR) theory by Hobfoll, the aim of the present study was to test whether the relationships among relational demands, work meaning, and intention to leave vary as a function of the presence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). METHOD: The study was cross-sectional and non-randomized. Analyses were carried out on a dataset consisting of 429 preschool teachers, who filled out a self-report questionnaire. Of them, 238 reported a MSD diagnosis and 191 were free form MSDs...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788489/contribution-of-mental-and-physical-disorders-to-disability-in-military-personnel
#10
P J H Beliveau, D Boulos, M A Zamorski
Background: Combat operations in Southwest Asia have exposed millions of military personnel to risk of mental disorders and physical injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). The contribution of specific disorders to disability is, however, uncertain. Aims: To estimate the contributions of mental and physical health conditions to disability in military personnel. Methods: The sample consisted of military personnel who participated in the cross-sectional 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey...
May 19, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#11
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788331/clinical-and-cardiac-safety-of-long-term-levofloxacin-in-children-treated-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#12
Anthony J Garcia-Prats, Heather R Draper, Heather Finlayson, Jana Winckler, André Burger, Barend Fourie, Stephanie Thee, Anneke C Hesseling, H Simon Schaaf
Safety concerns persist for long-term pediatric fluoroquinolone use. Seventy children (median age 2.1 years) treated with levofloxacin 10-20 mg/kg once daily for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (median observation time 11.8 months) had few musculoskeletal events, no levofloxacin-attributed serious adverse events, and no QTcF >450 ms. Long-term levofloxacin was safe and well tolerated.
May 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788277/work-related-ill-health-in-radiographers
#13
P M Hulls, A Money, R M Agius, F de Vocht
Background: In the UK in 2015/16, 1.3 million workers self-reported a work-related illness (WRI) of which an estimated 41% were due to musculoskeletal disorders (incidence rate 550 cases per 100000 people) and 37% were related to stress, anxiety and depression. Little is known about the incidence of WRIs in radiographers. Aims: To analyse the medically reported incidence of WRIs among radiographers in the UK between 1989 and 2015. Methods: Incident cases reported by physicians to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network through its specialist schemes from 1989 to 2015 were analysed, using the Labour Force Survey as denominator where appropriate...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788221/predictive-factors-of-life-quality-among-packaging-workers-in-taiwan
#14
Shang-Yu Yang, Der-Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Yen, Jer-Hao Chang
The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788209/musculoskeletal-injuries-among-female-soldiers-working-with-dogs
#15
Haggai Schermann, Isabella Karakis, Ran Ankory, Assaf Kadar, Victoria Yoffe, Amir Shlaifer, Ran Yanovich
Introduction: Female soldiers serving in the Israeli Defense Forces canine unit may be at increased risk of overuse injuries related to working with military dogs. We hypothesized that this particular type of occupational exposure may lead to an increased strain of the upper extremity due to such non-physiologic motions as pulling the dog's strap or resisting the sudden pulling by the dog, and may result in an increased rate of overuse injuries. Materials and Methods: We compared incidence of overuse injuries in a retrospective cohort of female soldiers who served either in the military working dogs' unit (MWD), or in the light infantry battalions (Infantry) from 2005 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787934/how-not-to-interpret-a-non-causal-association-in-sports-injury-science
#16
Mette Hjerrild, Solvej Videbaek, Daniel Theisen, Laurent Malisoux, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the interpretability of non-causal associations to sports injury development exemplified via the relationship between navicular drop (ND) and running-related injury (RRI) in novice runners using neutral shoes. DESIGN: 1-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: 926 novice runners, representing 1852 feet, were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The outcome was "a musculoskeletal complaint of the lower extremity or back caused by running, which restricted the amount of running for at least a week"...
May 16, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787832/a-comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-functional-and-bone-outcomes-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-with-bisphosphonate-therapy-initiated-in-childhood-or-adulthood
#17
Andrew G Feehan, Margaret R Zacharin, Angelina S Lim, Peter J Simm
Bisphosphonates have been used for treatment of bone fragility disorders for over 25 years to increase bone mineral density (BMD). Anecdotally, bisphosphonate-treated Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) has a different trajectory to the natural history of untreated OI in terms of fracture incidence, quality of life and physical function, with minimal published evidence to support this clinical observation. This study describes functional outcomes of a cohort of adults with OI, stratified according to severity and treated with intravenous bisphosphonates as children...
May 19, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787695/incidence-of-musculoskeletal-injury-in-us-army-unit-types-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Deydre S Teyhen, Stephen L Goffar, Scott W Shaffer, Kyle Kiesel, Robert J Butler, Ann-Maree Tedaldi, Jennifer C Prye, Daniel I Rhon, Phillip J Plisky
Study Design A prospective observational cohort. Background Musculoskeletal injuries during military service are a primary source of disability resulting in 2.4 million annual health care visits and 25 million limited-duty days. While the injury incidence during basic training is well documented there is little understanding of injury distribution by organization type in the Army following initial training. Objective Compare injury incidence, distribution, and impact across various military units. Methods Comprehensive injury data from subject questionnaires and medical chart reviews were collected for 1430 initially healthy Army personnel representing combat, combat support, combat service support, and ranger units over 12 months...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787450/cannabinoids-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-a-critical-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Kim Madden, Niek van der Hoek, Simrun Chona, Annie George, Tristiana Dalchand, Hassan Baldawi, George Mammen, Mohit Bhandari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787313/clinical-nononcologic-applications-of-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-musculoskeletal-orthopedic-and-rheumatologic-imaging
#20
Ali Gholamrezanezhad, Kyle Basques, Ali Batouli, George Matcuk, Abass Alavi, Hossein Jadvar
OBJECTIVE: With improvements in PET/CT and PET/MRI over the last decade, as well as increased understanding of the pathophysiology of musculoskeletal diseases, there is an emerging potential for PET as a primary or complementary modality in the management of rheumatologic and orthopedic conditions. CONCLUSION: We discuss the role of PET/CT and PET/MRI in nononcologic musculoskeletal disorders, including inflammatory and infectious conditions and postoperative complications...
June 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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