keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nocebo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618140/how-does-the-side-effect-information-in-patient-information-leaflets-influence-peoples-side-effect-expectations-a-cross-sectional-national-survey-of-18-to-65-year-olds-in-england
#1
Rebecca K Webster, John Weinman, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVES: To establish how the terms recommended by the European Commission to describe side-effect risk in patient information leaflets (PILs) influences expectations of side-effects and to identify factors associated with these side-effect expectations. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey was carried out by a market research company. SETTING: Data were collected in England between 18th March and 1st April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1003 adults aged between 18 and 65...
June 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595945/role-of-placebo-effects-in-pain-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Annabelle M Belcher, Sergi Ferré, Pedro E Martinez, Luana Colloca
The placebo (and the nocebo) effect is a powerful determinant of health outcomes in clinical disease treatment and management. Efforts to completely eradicate placebo effects have shifted dynamically, as increasingly more researchers are tuned to the potentially beneficial effects of incorporating those uncontrollable placebo effects into clinical therapeutic strategies. In this review, we highlight the major findings from placebo research, elucidating the main neurobiological systems and candidate determinants of the placebo phenomenon, and illustrate a perspective that can effectively frame future research on the topic...
June 8, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593798/nocebo-in-motor-neuron-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials
#3
Faiza Shafiq, Dimos-Dimitrios Mitsikostas, Panagiotis Zis
INTRODUCTION: Nocebo is very prevalent among neurological disorders, resulting in low adherence and treatment outcome. We sought to examine the AEs following placebo administration in placebo-controlled randomised clinical trials (RCTs) for motor neuron disease (MND). METHODS: After a systematic literature search for RCTs for MND pharmacotherapy treatments, we assessed the number of discontinuations because of placebo intolerance. RESULTS: Data were extracted from 12 RCTs fulfilling our search criteria...
June 8, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562635/physicians-beliefs-about-placebo-and-nocebo-effects-in-antidepressants-an-online-survey-among-german-practitioners
#4
Lea Kampermann, Yvonne Nestoriuc, Meike C Shedden-Mora
BACKGROUND: While substantial placebo and nocebo effects have been documented in antidepressant clinical trials, physicians' awareness of the nonspecific effects in routine antidepressant treatment remains unclear. The study investigated physicians' beliefs and explanatory models regarding the desired effects and undesired side effects of antidepressants, with specific emphasis on nonspecific effects accounted for by placebo and nocebo mechanisms. METHODS: An online survey was conducted among 87 physicians (40...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537836/recognizing-the-nocebo-benefits-patient-care-but-demands-greater-cultural-competency-in-the-clinic
#5
Antoinette P Joseph, Paul H Mason, Narelle Warren, Isaac Atley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537834/when-respecting-autonomy-is-harmful-a-clinically-useful-approach-to-the-nocebo-effect
#6
John T Fortunato, Jason Adam Wasserman, Daniel Londyn Menkes
Nocebo effects occur when an adverse effect on the patient arises from the patient's own negative expectations. In accordance with informed consent, providers often disclose information that results in unintended adverse outcomes for the patient. While this may adhere to the principle of autonomy, it violates the doctrine of "primum non nocere," given that side-effect disclosure may cause those side effects. In this article we build off previous work, particularly by Wells and Kaptchuk ( 2012 ) and by Cohen ( 2013 ), to suggest ethical guidelines that permit nondisclosure in the case when a nocebo effect is likely to occur on of the basis of nonmaleficence...
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537829/beware-of-nocebo-paternalism-pitfalls-of-tailored-nondisclosure
#7
Bettina Schoene-Seifert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537828/relational-autonomy-maternalism-and-the-nocebo-effect
#8
Laura Specker Sullivan, Fay Niker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537825/tell-me-the-truth-and-i-will-not-be-harmed-informed-consents-and-nocebo-effects
#9
Luana Colloca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537824/dealing-with-the-nocebo-effect-taking-physician-patient-interaction-seriously
#10
Guy Widdershoven, Gerben Meynen, Suzanne Metselaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537823/preventing-nocebo-effects-of-informed-consent-without-paternalism
#11
Shlomo Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537821/to-disclose-or-not-to-disclose-when-fear-of-nocebo-effects-infringes-upon-autonomy
#12
Hadley Bryan, Veljko Dubljević
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521961/placebo-effect-and-therapeutic-context-a-challenge-in-clinical-research
#13
REVIEW
Antoni Morral, Gerard Urrutia, Xavier Bonfill
When we apply a physical or pharmacological treatment, there are many things that may explain the clinical improvement experienced by a patient. The drugs or physical agents applied are important, but we must also add other elements in the context of the patient-therapist relationship. Scientific evidence has proven that the placebo effect exists. This is a true biopsychosocial phenomenon produced by the context in which an intervention is carried out. Biases aside, placebo and nocebo responses are changes in patients' symptoms, due to their participation at the therapeutic meeting, with its rituals, symbols and interactions...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497895/in-the-face-of-pain-the-choice-of-visual-cues-in-pain-conditioning-matters
#14
N Egorova, J Park, J Kong
BACKGROUND: Visual cue conditioning is a valuable experimental paradigm to investigate placebo and nocebo effects in pain. However, little attention has been paid to the cues themselves and potential variability of effects (their quantity and quality) stemming from the choice of stimuli. Yet, this seemingly methodological question has important implications for the interpretation of experimental findings in terms of their significance for clinical practice. METHODS: We investigated the effect of heat pain conditioning using different types of visual cues (abstract images, faces and pseudo-words) in a group of 22 healthy volunteers...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490647/placebo-and-nocebo-responses-in-restless-legs-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Maria A Silva, Gonçalo S Duarte, Raquel Camara, Filipe B Rodrigues, Ricardo M Fernandes, Daisy Abreu, Tiago Mestre, João Costa, Claudia Trenkwalder, Joaquim J Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the placebo and nocebo responses in restless legs syndrome (RLS) and explore their determinants. METHODS: Databases were searched up to October 2015. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of patients with RLS were included if quantitative data were extractable in the placebo arm. Placebo response was defined as the within-group change from baseline, using any scale measuring RLS severity or disability. Nocebo response was defined as the proportion of patients experiencing adverse events in the placebo arm...
June 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476289/statin-associated-muscle-symptoms-beware-of-the-nocebo-effect
#16
Juan Pedro-Botet, Juan Rubiés-Prat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476288/adverse-events-associated-with-unblinded-but-not-with-blinded-statin-therapy-in-the-anglo-scandinavian-cardiac-outcomes-trial-lipid-lowering-arm-ascot-lla-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-and-its-non-randomised-non-blind-extension-phase
#17
Ajay Gupta, David Thompson, Andrew Whitehouse, Tim Collier, Bjorn Dahlof, Neil Poulter, Rory Collins, Peter Sever
BACKGROUND: In blinded randomised controlled trials, statin therapy has been associated with few adverse events (AEs). By contrast, in observational studies, larger increases in many different AEs have been reported than in blinded trials. METHODS: In the Lipid-Lowering Arm of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial, patients aged 40-79 years with hypertension, at least three other cardiovascular risk factors, and fasting total cholesterol concentrations of 6·5 mmol/L or lower, and who were not taking a statin or fibrate, had no history of myocardial infarction, and were not being treated for angina were randomly assigned to atorvastatin 10 mg daily or matching placebo in a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled phase...
May 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471874/effects-of-acute-psychological-stress-on-placebo-and-nocebo-responses-in-a-clinically-relevant-model-of-visceroception
#18
Till Roderigo, Sven Benson, Margarita Schöls, Madeleine Hetkamp, Manfred Schedlowski, Paul Enck, Sigrid Elsenbruch
There is evidence to suggest a role of emotions in placebo and nocebo effects, but whether acute psychological stress changes the magnitude of placebo or nocebo responses has not been tested. In a clinically relevant model of visceroception, we assessed effects of acute psychological stress on changes in urgency and pain in response to positive or negative treatment suggestions. In 120 healthy volunteers, perceived urge-to-defecate and pain in response to individually calibrated rectal distensions were measured with visual analogue scales during a BASELINE...
April 27, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419027/athletes-intending-to-use-sports-supplements-are-more-likely-to-respond-to-a-placebo
#19
Philip Hurst, Abby Foad, Damian Coleman, Chris Beedie
PURPOSE: We investigated associations between athletes' use of sport supplements and their responsiveness to placebo and nocebo interventions. METHODS: Participants (n=627) reported their intention to use, and actual use of, sport supplements. They then completed a 5x20m repeat sprint protocol in the baseline condition, prior to being randomized to one of three treatments. Participants in the positive-belief treatment were administered an inert capsule described as a potent supplement which would improve sprint performance...
April 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371755/are-media-reports-able-to-cause-somatic-symptoms-attributed-to-wifi-radiation-an-experimental-test-of-the-negative-expectation-hypothesis
#20
Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Koen Raymaekers, Omer Van den Bergh, Michael Witthöft
People suffering from idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) experience numerous non-specific symptoms that they attribute to EMF. The cause of this condition remains vague and evidence shows that psychological rather than bioelectromagnetic mechanisms are at work. We hypothesized a role of media reports in the etiology of IEI-EMF and investigated how somatosensory perception is affected. 65 healthy participants were instructed that EMF exposure can lead to enhanced somatosensory perception...
July 2017: Environmental Research
keyword
keyword
56417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"