keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Latissimus dorsi

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324933/brachytherapy-in-soft-tissue-tumours-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#1
Silvanie Volz, Konstantinos Kalousis, Jung In Song, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary work including surgery and additive radiotherapy is often needed for the therapy of tumours. Beneath this, brachytherapy is an important part of the radiotherapy. It was first used over 100 years ago and is in regular use after the development of afterload technology in the early 1970s. Today it is often used in different tumour therapies, for example in soft tissue sarcoma or breast tumours, in order to decrease the risk of local recurrence. Concerning its benefits, higher doses could be used because of the localized effect with equivalent local control rate and less toxicity of treatment...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315844/local-and-systemic-coagulation-marker-response-to-musculocutaneous-flap-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-and-remote-ischemic-conditioning-an-experimental-study-in-a-porcine-model
#2
Andreas Engel Krag, Christine Lodberg Hvas, Birgitte Jul Kiil, Gete Toft Eschen, Tine Engberg Damsgaard, Anne-Mette Hvas
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) administered by non-lethal periods of extremity ischemia and reperfusion attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury. We aimed to investigate the local and systemic coagulation marker response to flap ischemia-reperfusion injury, and the effects of RIC on coagulation markers following flap ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: A musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap was subjected to 4 h of ischemia followed by 7 h of reperfusion in 16 female Danish Landrace pigs (39 kg)...
January 8, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302492/breast-reconstruction-of-an-unusual-configuration-using-two-paranemic-implants
#3
Naohiro Ishii, Jiro Ando, Michiko Harao, Masaru Takemae
Implant-based breast reconstruction can be performed using a choice of various types of breast implants. However, cases where the breast shapes are unsuitable for implant-based reconstruction method are occasionally encountered. We present two patients with wide trunks who underwent breast reconstruction using an unusual configuration that involved a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap combined with two paranemic implants.
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285380/assessment-of-the-use-of-latissimus-dorsi-restoration-during-modified-radical-mastectomy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#4
Chao Yang, Xinle Wang, Geng Zhang, Liu Yang, Xuan Guo, Xue Wang, Zhenchuan Song
The incision area of modified radical mastectomy in breast cancer patients is associated with subcutaneous effusion and skin flap necrosis as the most common complications. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of latissimus dorsi restoration during modified radical mastectomy in breast cancer patients by evaluating 365 cases. Among these cases, 185 received modified radical mastectomy combined with intraoperative latissimus dorsi restoration, while 180 received modified radical mastectomy alone...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283179/a-comparison-study-between-endoscope-assisted-and-the-standard-approach-in-the-harvesting-of-the-free-rectus-femoris-muscle-flap
#5
Jiunn-Tat Lee, Honda Hsu, Chih-Ming Lin, Chieh-Chi Huang, Sou-Hsin Chien
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic harvesting of muscle flaps is well described for gracilis, latissimus dorsi, gastrocnemius, and pectoralis major amongst others. So far there has been no description of endoscopic harvesting of the rectus femoris muscle as a free flap. The purpose of this study was to compare the perioperative outcomes of harvesting the free rectus femoris muscle flap endoscopically as compared to the standard approach. METHODS: Fifty patients with lower limb defects reconstructed with free rectus femoris muscle flap between January 2014 and December 2016 were included in this study...
December 28, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279881/current-pharmacological-and-surgical-treatment-of-underactive-bladder
#6
REVIEW
Dae Kyung Kim
Generally accepted guidelines are not yet available on the management of underactive bladder (UAB). Although the natural history of UAB is still not fully understood, observation may be an acceptable management option in patients with tolerable lower urinary tract symptoms and little risk of upper urinary tract damage. If needed, scheduled and double voiding may be recommended as an effective and safe add-on therapy. Parasympathomimetics have been widely used for the management of UAB, but the evidence does not support clinical benefit...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239797/autologous-breast-reconstruction-using-the-immediately-lipofilled-extended-latissimus-dorsi-flap
#7
N Johns, N Fairbairn, M Trail, A Ewing, L Yong, C Raine, J M Dixon
BACKGROUND: The latissimus dorsi flap is a popular choice for autologous breast reconstruction. To dramatically improve volume, we report our experience of using the immediately lipofilled extended latissimus dorsi (ELD) flap and show it as a valid option for autologous breast reconstruction. METHODS: Patients undergoing the procedure between December 2013 and June 2016 were included. Demographic, clinical and operative factors were analysed, together with in-hospital morbidity and duration of postoperative hospital stay...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238254/assessment-of-three-dimensional-trunk-kinematics-and-muscle-activation-during-cycling-with-independent-cranks
#8
Eric Bourdon, Matthew Mavor, Dean C Hay
Independent cranks (IC) are recently introduced bicycle cranks that are decoupled; therefore allowing each leg to pedal independent of the other. Despite this introduction, limited research has been conducted assessing biomechanical changes when cycling with IC. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare trunk kinematics and surface electromyography (sEMG) during IC and normal crank (NC) cycling during a graded exercise test to volitional fatigue. Ten healthy, physically active men performed two tests (IC and NC) on a cycling ergometer on separate days...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225017/qualitative-and-quantitative-anatomy-of-the-proximal-humerus-muscle-attachments-and-the-axillary-nerve-a-cadaveric-study
#9
Gilbert Moatshe, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Jorge Chahla, Márcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, George F Lebus, Alex W Brady, Rachel M Frank, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: To provide a quantitative and qualitative anatomic analysis of the pectoralis major, teres major, and latissimus dorsi on the humerus, as well as the deltoid tendinous attachments on the proximal humerus and acromion, and to quantitatively characterize the humeral course of the axillary nerve. METHODS: Ten nonpaired, fresh-frozen human cadaveric shoulders were analyzed. A portable coordinate-measuring device quantified the location of bony landmarks and tendon attachment areas...
December 7, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224822/head-and-neck-reconstruction-with-free-flaps-based-on-the-thoracodorsal-system
#10
John Edward O'Connell, Mandeep S Bajwa, Andrew G Schache, Richard J Shaw
The advent or micro-vascular free tissue transfer has facilitated the reconstruction of increasingly complex head and neck defects. There are multiple donor sites available, each with its' own advantages and disadvantages. However, the subscapular system, including the thoracodorsal system, provides the widest array of soft tissue and osseous flaps, as well as chimeric options. Its advantages include a long pedicle, independently mobile tissue components, relative sparing from atherosclerosis, and minimal donor site morbidity...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219854/reconstruction-of-the-scapula-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-after-total-scapulectomy-a-report-of-10-patients-treated-by-extracorporeal-irradiation-and-reimplantation-of-the-scapula
#11
Ahmed M El Ghoneimy, Mohamed S Zaghloul, Iman Zaky, Hala Taha, Ahmed Elgammal, Magdy El Sherbiny, Nehal Kamal
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma of the scapula is uncommon. Restoration of shoulder function after total scapulectomy is challenging. Extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation is a well-known method of biological reconstruction in orthopaedic oncology; yet very few reports in the literature describe its specific use in tumors of the scapula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma of the scapula were surgically treated by total scapulectomy and extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation of the scapula...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198353/editorial-commentary-when-the-shoulder-joint-has-lost-stoichiometry-does-arthroscopic-assisted-latissimus-dorsi-transfer-stack-up
#12
EDITORIAL
Robert D Graham
Non-arthroplasty treatment options for pseudoparalysis of the shoulder are preferable in the younger patient population. Although there are differing philosophies among shoulder surgeons, many prefer to avoid reversed total shoulder arthroplasty for patients under age 60 years. Arthroscopically assisted latissimus dorsi transfer may be a good alternative for these patients, but how the results compare with arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is the question.
December 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194976/the-effect-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-on-radial-forearm-free-flap-volume-after-soft-palate-reconstruction-in-13-patients
#13
Georg Haymerle, Elisabeth Enzenhofer, Wolfgang Lechner, Markus Stock, Annemarie Schratter-Sehn, Erich Vyskocil, Barbara Bachtiary, Edgar Selzer, Boban M Erovic
Treatment options for squamous cell carcinoma of the soft palate include surgical resection followed by radiotherapy or primary radiotherapy. In most cases sufficient resection margins require reconstruction of the defect with free flaps. The most common flaps used in oropharyngeal carcinoma are the radial forearm free flap and the anterolateral thigh and latissimus dorsi free flap. According to the magnitude of the resection defect, surgeons estimate the size and volume of soft tissue transfer needed for an optimal esthetic and in particular functional outcome...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184727/preliminary-study-of-pga-fabric-for-seromas-at-latissimus-dorsi-flap-donor-sites
#14
Yoshihito Itani, Akeo Hagiwara, Takahiro Hashimoto, Noritaka Isogai, Hirohisa Kusuhara
Background: Seroma formation is a major complication following latissimus dorsi (LD) flap transfer for breast reconstruction. We implanted a nonwoven polyglycolic acid (PGA) fabric-a biodegradable polymer-in the LD flap donor site and examined its effect on postoperative seroma formation and resolution in a comparative study on 38 patients undergoing primary 1-stage breast reconstruction by LD flap. Method: A PGA treatment group had a PGA fabric placed in the donor wound (PGA group, n = 20), whereas a second group was treated with standard donor site closure (control group, n = 18)...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178203/the-anatomy-of-the-musculocutaneous-latissimus-dorsi-flap-for-neophalloplasty
#15
M Dennis, A Granger, A Ortiz, M Terrell, M Loukos, J Schober
INTRODUCTION: In transgender surgery, the ideal neophallus is one that: (a) is constructed using a reproducible procedure, (b) possesses tactile and erogenous sensation, (c) is large and rigid enough (naturally, or using a prosthesis) to permit penetrative intercourse, (d) leaves acceptable donor site morbidity, (e) results in esthetically satisfactory appearance, and (f) allows for voiding while standing. The musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi (MLD) flap has favorable results in the area of neophalloplasty...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174551/surgical-management-of-severe-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-mandibular-bone-by-using-double-free-flap-reconstruction
#16
Niklas Rommel, Marco Rainer Kesting, Nils Hagen Rohleder, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Jochen Weitz
PURPOSE: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaws represents one of the most severe complications after primary or adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) of large head and neck tumors. In advanced ORN cases, surgical management is generally considered the therapy of choice. However, in several severe ORN patients with extensive bone and soft tissue defects, functional and aesthetic reconstruction represents a huge challenge for any surgeon, with an increased risk of post-operative wound healing disorders...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143863/morphometric-properties-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-in-human-fetuses-for-flap-surgery
#17
Orhan Beger, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Semra Erdoğan, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
PURPOSE: Although latissimus dorsi (LD) flaps are extensively used in a wide range of interventions, fetus studies on this subject are quite limited. This study aims to obtain detailed information about the morphometric features of LD, thoracodorsal artery (TDA) and nerve (TDN). METHODS: The study was carried out on both sides of 50 formalin-fixed human fetuses (22 male/28 female) with a mean gestational age of 24.5 ± 4.7 (range 18-36) weeks, which were in the inventory of Anatomy Department of Mersin University Faculty of Medicine...
November 16, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135896/vertical-skin-paddle-orientation-for-the-latissimus-dorsi-flap-in-breast-reconstruction-a-modification-to-simultaneously-correct-inferior-pole-constriction-and-improve-projection
#18
Megan Fracol, Michelle Grim, Steven Lanier, Neil A Fine
The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMF) is a reliable and frequently used option to bring vascularized skin and soft tissue to improve the stability and aesthetic result in breast reconstruction. Standard techniques with skin paddle inset in a horizontal or oblique fashion preferentially improve anterior projection (when inset at the mastectomy scar) or lower pole and infra-mammary fold (IMF) constriction (when inset into the IMF). Here, we describe a modification for inset of the LDMF that improves both anterior projection and lower pole/IMF constriction, while also allowing the latissimus muscle to fan out and provide complete implant coverage...
November 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124855/reconstructive-options-for-large-back-free-flap-donor-sites
#19
Arshia Azizeddin, Peter F M Choong, Damien Grinsell
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of posterior thoracic and trunk defects can prove challenging even to the most seasoned surgeons. Many commonly used techniques for closing back defects include primary closure and split skin grafts. Often times, however, other techniques are needed in order to give the patient the best aesthetic and functional outcome. In this study, we focus on and evaluate donor site closure techniques for defects in the back created by harvesting scapular and parascapular flaps...
November 9, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108083/-pedicled-omentum-flaps-in-the-management-of-deep-sternal-wound-infections
#20
Nick Spindler, Christian Etz, Martin Misfeld, Christoph Josten, Michael Borger, Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr, Stefan Langer
Aim Coverage of a deep sternal wound infection with a greater omentum flap. Due to a persistent infection caused by an infected aortic prosthesis, the primarily performed reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi flap had to be revised, and an alternative solution had to be found. Indication A deep sternal wound infection is a rare but devastating complication following median sternotomy. If the commonly used muscle flap is not sufficient and artificial material is still present in the wound, for instant drivelines or a vascular prosthesis, the greater omentum flap is a useful option due to its immunologic capacity...
November 6, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
keyword
keyword
56415
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"