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Latissimus dorsi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328567/effects-of-a-simulated-game-on-upper-extremity-pitching-mechanics-and-muscle-activations-among-various-pitch-types-in-youth-baseball-pitchers
#1
Gretchen D Oliver, Hillary Plummer, Lisa Henning, Michael Saper, Gabrielle Glimer, Allison Brambeck, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Throwing requires proper stability and orientation of the pelvis and scapula for efficient energy transfer during pitching. Fatigue of the pelvis and scapular musculature throughout the course of a game can impair pitching performance, and place excessive demands on the throwing arm leading to injury. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in pelvis, torso, and upper extremity pitching mechanics and muscle activations between the fastball, change-up, and curveball pitches in youth baseball pitchers following a simulated game...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326158/diabetic-limb-salvage-procedure-with-bone-allograft-and-free-flap-transfer-a-case-report
#2
Alexandre L Godoy-Santos, Daniel T Amodio, André Pires, Ana L M Lima, Teng H Wei, Cesar de Cesar-Netto, David G Armstrong
The aim of this case report was to describe a successful diabetic limb salvage procedure in the treatment of an infected diabetic foot ulcer through a multidisciplinary team approach and complex surgical reconstruction involving a femoral head bone allograft and musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi free flap. The decision to proceed with aggressive staged efforts at diabetic limb salvage should be made only after careful consultation with the patient, his or her family, and the rest of the multidisciplinary healthcare team...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322117/effect-of-overlapping-operations-on-outcomes-in-microvascular-reconstructions-of-the-head-and-neck
#3
Larissa Sweeny, Eben L Rosenthal, Tyler Light, Jessica Grayson, Daniel Petrisor, Scott H Troob, Benjamin J Greene, William R Carroll, Mark K Wax
Objective To compare outcomes after microvascular reconstructions of head and neck defects between overlapping and nonoverlapping operations. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods Patients undergoing microvascular free tissue transfer operations between January 2010 and February 2015 at 2 tertiary care institutions were included (n = 1315). Patients were divided into 2 cohorts by whether the senior authors performed a single or consecutive microvascular reconstruction (nonoverlapping; n = 773, 59%) vs performing overlapping microvascular reconstructions (overlapping; n = 542, 41%)...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319440/markers-of-blood-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-early-and-delayed-microsurgical-reconstructions-in-the-lower-extremities
#4
Oliver Kloeters, Dalibor Vasilic, Pieter Hupkens, Dietmar Ulrich
BACKGROUND: In this study, markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis were assessed during early and delayed microsurgical reconstruction in patients with traumatic defects of their lower legs to analyse whether an imbalance of the hemostasis after trauma might predispose the development of vascular complications. METHODS: The prospective study included 70 patients. In 35 patients, surgery was performed within 72 hours after injury. In 35 other patients, delayed free flap transfer was performed between 14-21 days after trauma...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293496/closure-of-a-large-thoracolumbar-myelomeningocele-using-a-modified-bilateral-keystone-flap
#5
Hytham Jamjoom, Hatem Alnoman, Yasser Almadani
The keystone flap, an emerging reconstructive option that can be used in many parts of the body, is gaining popularity among reconstructive surgeons. These reliable and versatile flaps can be used for large myelomeningocele closure. A modified bilateral keystone flap was used to achieve tension-free closure of a large thoracolumbar myelomeningocele associated with severe kyphosis in a newborn girl. The flap was modified by undermining in the subfascial plane in the medial aspect of the middle third. This undermining was performed to facilitate flap movement while preserving random musculocutaneous perforators captured within the island of tissues...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293330/functional-latissimus-dorsi-transfer-for-upper-extremity-reconstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Aditya Sood, Paul J Therattil, Gerardo Russo, Edward S Lee
Objective: The latissimus dorsi flap is a workhorse for plastic surgeons, being used for many years for soft-tissue coverage of the upper extremity as well as for functional reconstruction to restore motion to the elbow and shoulder. The authors present a case of functional latissimus dorsi transfer for restoration of elbow flexion and review the literature on technique and outcomes. Methods: A literature review was performed using MEDLINE and the Cochrane Collaboration Library for primary research articles on functional latissimus dorsi flap transfer...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293008/-successful-emergency-management-of-an-infected-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-rupture-using-a-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-flap-after-stent-graft-implantation-report-of-a-case
#7
Susumu Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshiro Hori
We report a case of ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm treated with a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap after stent-graft implantation. The patient was a 64-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus that had developed septicemia as a result of pyelonephritis and a perinephric abscess. The patient required emergency stent-graft implantation due to rupture of an infected thoracic aortic aneurysm on hospital day 10. On hospital day 19, the abscess cavity was debrided and irrigated, and a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap was created...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289616/nipple-reconstruction-using-the-c-v-flap-technique-long-term-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction
#8
Lona Jalini, Jonathan Lund, Vijay Kurup
BACKGROUND: Nipple creation using the C-V flap technique is often the final step in breast reconstruction. The aim of this study was to subjectively and objectively assess the cosmetic outcomes and satisfaction of patients undergoing C-V flap nipple reconstruction. METHODS: Subjective assessments of patient satisfaction with the neo-nipple were recorded by visual analogue scoring (VAS; 0-10). Objective measurements were performed using a calliper to measure nipple projection relative to the native breast...
January 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277072/free-flap-reconstruction-for-diabetic-foot-limb-salvage
#9
Tomoya Sato, Yuichiro Yana, Shigeru Ichioka
BACKGROUND: Although free flap is gaining popularity for the reconstruction of diabetic foot ulcers, it is unclear whether free flap reconstruction increases the chances of postoperative independent ambulation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between free flap success and postoperative ambulation. METHODS: This study reviewed 23 cases of free flap reconstruction for diabetic foot ulcers between January 2007 and March 2014. Free rectus abdominis, latissimus dorsi, and anterolateral thigh flaps were used in ten, eight, and five patients, respectively...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275427/resection-and-reconstruction-following-recurrent-malignant-phyllodes-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Aashish Rajesh, Mohammed Farooq
INTRODUCTION: Phyllodes tumors are uncommon biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms of the breast of varying malignant potential occurring in middle aged women. They exhibit diverse biological behavior. Margin free excision is the mainstay of treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27 year-old lady was referred with a painless ulceroproliferative right breast lesion which had rapidly progressed over six months. Three years back, she had been diagnosed with a borderline phyllodes tumor and underwent a wide local excision followed by a right mastectomy for recurrence...
April 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269810/comparison-of-trunk-electromyographic-muscle-activity-depends-on-sitting-postures
#11
DongGeon Lee, SeoJeong Yu, SunHae Song, Se-Han Lee, SeungHeon An, Hwi-Young Cho, Ki-Hun Cho, GyuChang Lee
BACKGROUND: Different postural positions can be characterized by the activation and relative contributions of different postural muscles, and may variously contribute to the recovery from or worsening of chronic lower back pain. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigates trunk muscle activities in four types of seated postures: cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped. METHODS: Eight healthy adults participated in the study. Trunk muscle activities of the external oblique (EO), rectus abdominis (RA), latissimus dorsi (LD), and erector spinae (ES) muscles in each of the sitting postures including cross-legged, long, side, and W-shaped were collected utilizing surface electromyography (sEMG)...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253044/wearing-an-inflatable-vest-alters-muscle-activation-and-trunk-angle-while-paddling-a-surfboard
#12
Jeff A Nessler, Thomas Hastings, Kevin Greer, Sean C Newcomer
Low back pain is a commonly reported problem among recreational surfers. Some individuals report that wearing a vest with an inflatable bladder that alters trunk angle may help to alleviate pain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such a vest has an effect on muscle activation and extension of the lower back. Twelve recreational surfers completed 12 paddling trials at 1.1 m/s in a swim flume on both a shortboard and a longboard on two separate days. Three conditions of no vest, vest uninflated, and vest inflated were presented to participants in random order...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247494/extraintestinal-infection-of-helicobacter-cinaedi-induced-in-balb-c-mice-by-experimental-oral-administration
#13
Takako Taniguchi, Yuji Saeki, Akihiko Okayama, Tetsuya Hayashi, Naoaki Misawa
Although Helicobacter cinaedi was initially considered an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised patients, it was later shown to also infect immunocompetent patients and even healthy individuals. Sporadic bacteremia due to H. cinaedi has been frequently reported, but it remains unclear whether the bacterium can be translocated after passage through the intestinal mucosa. In the present study, we developed a preclinical small animal model that can faithfully reproduce H. cinaedi infection in humans. Balb/c male mice were orally inoculated with a single dose of 6...
March 1, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222701/the-effect-of-deep-muscle-relaxation-on-the-force-required-during-latissimus-dorsi-dissection-for-breast-reconstructive-surgery-results-of-a-prospective-double-blinded-observational-pilot-study
#14
T Ledowski, A Goodwin-Walters, P Quinn, M Calvert
BACKGROUND: The use of neuromuscular blocking agents has previously been suggested to facilitate the dissection of the latissimus dorsi muscle during breast reconstructive surgery. The aim of this study was to quantify the influence of deep muscle relaxation on the force required to lift the latissimus dorsi muscle during flap preparation. METHODS: After ethics approval and written informed consent 15 patients scheduled for elective breast reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi pedicled flap (muscle flap, not myocutaneous flap) under general anaesthesia were prospectively included...
February 21, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217420/acute-effects-of-different-self-massage-volumes-on-the-fms%C3%A2-overhead-deep-squat-performance
#15
Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Jakob Škarabot, Andrew D Vigotsky, Amanda Fernandes Brown, Thiago Matassoli Gomes, Jefferson da Silva Novaes
BACKGROUND: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a battery of tests designed to assess movement competency; the overhead deep squat test, specifically, has been shown to be an accurate predictor of overall FMS™ scores. Self-massage (SM) is a ubiquitous warm-up utilized to increase joint range of motion and, therefore, may be effective for improving performance of the overhead deep squat test. PURPOSE: To examine how different doses (30, 60, 90, and 120 seconds) of SM of different areas of the body (plantar fascia, latissimus dorsi, and lateral thigh) affects the score obtained on an overhead deep squat test...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210561/thermal-injury-in-tapia-breast-reconstruction-thermal-injury-to-thoracodorsal-artery-perforator-flap
#16
Mikkel Børsen-Koch, Gudjon L Gunnarsson, Jens Ahm Sørensen, Jørn Bo Thomsen
This paper presents two case reports on thermal injury to a breast reconstructed by the TAPIA method. In both cases the injuries were caused by excessive sun exposure. Thermal injury to flaps used in breast reconstruction has previously been described but most commonly in abdominal flaps, which may be due to the relative high frequency of this type of reconstructions. Reports of thermal injury to reconstructions using the Latissimus Dorsi flap are rare. The injuries previously described are most often caused by severe heat exposure...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210044/effect-of-minimizing-arm-swing-while-walking-on-the-trunk-and-gluteal-muscles
#17
Min-Hee Kim, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study used an alternative approach compared with previous studies by investigating the effect of minimizing arm swing while walking on the trunk and gluteal muscles. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study included 13 adult males. [Results] The latissimus dorsi muscle activities during walking with a minimized arm swing were significantly decreased compared with those during walking with a full arm swing. The gluteus medius muscle activities during walking with a minimized arm swing were significantly increased compared with those during walking with a full arm swing...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209379/endocultivation-continuous-application-of-rhbmp-2-via-mini-osmotic-pumps-to-induce-bone-formation-at-extraskeletal-sites
#18
B E Beck-Broichsitter, S T Becker, H Seitz, J Wiltfang, P H Warnke
The continuous presence of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) inside a scaffold may be crucial to the outcome in bone tissue engineering. This study investigated whether the release of the growth factor rhBMP-2 via different continuous application schemes influences histomorphological aspects of the hard and soft tissues induced. Three-dimensionally printed hydroxyapatite scaffolds were implanted into one latissimus dorsi muscle of 42 female Lewis rats. Simultaneously implanted mini-osmotic pumps were used to provide a continuous application of rhBMP-2 over 1, 2, or 4 weeks (total dose 200μg)...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198179/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-comparative-analysis-of-early-and-delayed-reconstruction
#19
William Seidel, Jorge Bins Ely, Daniel Ongaratto Barazzetti, Renata Della Giustina, Gustavo P Walter, Thiago A Ferri, Rosemeri Maurici, Janaína L Narciso-Schiavon
BACKGROUND: Early reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer with definitive implants has been widely used, especially with the evolution of conservative surgical breast cancer treatments. We aimed to identify different characteristics associated with plastic surgery, based on immediate or delayed reconstruction time and evaluate quality of life in patients undergoing mastectomy for cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analytical study that evaluated adult patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer and breast reconstruction in Plastic Surgery Service at a tertiary hospital...
February 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195894/breast-reconstruction-using-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-myocutaneous-flaps-in-asian-patients-with-small-breasts
#20
I-Han Chiang, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yuan-Sheng Tzeng, Hao-Yu Chiao, Chang-Yi Chou, Chi-Yu Wang, Tim-Mo Chen, Shyi-Gen Chen
BACKGROUND: The use of implants is still the most common procedure for breast reconstruction because they are easy, less painful than tissue transplants, and do not need a donor site. However, it is challenging to find a suitable implant for patients with small breasts, and some women fear foreign bodies and possible complications or reoperations. Autologous breast reconstruction using the pedicled latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap without an implant provides a good option for Asian women with small breasts...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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