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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936374/helical-tomotherapy-for-postmastectomy-radiotherapy-after-immediate-left-breast-reconstruction-a-case-study
#1
Dominique Mathieu, Nazanin Shahvary, Nicolas Côté, Kerianne Boulva, Léamarie Meloche-Dumas, Toni Vu, Erica Patocskai, Christina Bernier, David Roberge, Israel Fortin
A 43-year-old premenopausal female presented with a multicentric infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the left breast with axillary nodes metastasis. She underwent modified radical mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection (level I and II) followed by a mixed autologous latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction with the addition of prosthesis. The final pathological analysis revealed a 6 cm invasive lobular carcinoma pT3N2aM0, grade III/III, estrogen and progesterone positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative, with 5/16 positive lymph nodes...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933712/volume-load-and-neuromuscular-fatigue-during-an-acute-bout-of-agonist-antagonist-paired-set-vs-traditional-set-training
#2
Gabriel A Paz, Daniel W Robbins, Carlos G de Oliveira, Martim Bottaro, Humberto Miranda
Paz, GA, Robbins, DW, de Oliveira, CG, Bottaro, M, and Miranda, H. Volume load and neuromuscular fatigue during an acute bout of agonist-antagonist paired-set vs. traditional-set training. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2777-2784, 2017-The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of performing paired-set (PS) vs. traditional-set (TS) training over 3 consecutive sets, on volume load and electromyographic fatigue parameters of the latissimus dorsi, biceps brachii, pectoralis major, and triceps brachii muscles...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932726/comparison-of-morbidity-related-seroma-formation-following-conventional-latissimus-dorsi-flap-versus-muscle-sparing-latissimus-dorsi-flap-breast-reconstruction
#3
Yoshihiro Sowa, Toshiaki Numajiri, Katsuhiko Nakatsukasa, Koichi Sakaguchi, Tetsuya Taguchi
PURPOSE: The pedicled, descending-branch muscle-sparing latissimus dorsi (MSLD) flap has been widely used for breast reconstruction following total mastectomy. However, the superiority of the MSLD flap compared to the conventional latissimus dorsi (CLD) flap in preventing seroma formation has not been demonstrated. This study compares the morbidities related to seroma formation following pedicled MSLD flap and CLD flap breast reconstruction. METHODS: A total of 15 women who underwent partial mastectomy and immediate partial breast reconstruction with MSLD flaps were compared with 15 women under identical conditions with CLD flap breast reconstruction...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930627/fitness-body-composition-and-vascular-health-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-paediatric-brain-cancer-and-cranial-radiotherapy
#4
Treya M Long, Shoshana R Rath, Tessa D Maroni, Karen E Wallman, Helen C Atkinson, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Catherine S Choong, Louise H Naylor
Background Survivors of paediatric brain cancer and/or cranial radiotherapy (CRT) are at an increased risk of developing serious comorbidities. Established risk factors for chronic disease include central obesity, endothelial abnormalities and diminished fitness. Objectives Here we characterised anthropometry, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), endothelial function, muscular strength and endurance and aerobic fitness in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922049/magnitudes-of-muscle-activation-of-spine-stabilizers-in-healthy-adults-during-prone-on-elbow-planking-exercises-with-and-without-a-fitness-ball
#5
James W Youdas, Kendra C Coleman, Erin E Holstad, Stephanie D Long, Nicole L Veldkamp, John H Hollman
Prone planking exercises have been used by rehabilitation professionals to activate torso muscles in healthy persons and those with low back pain. The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude of electromyographic (EMG) muscle activation from 10 right-sided muscles as demonstrated by the percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC) during four planking procedures. Surface EMG activity was acquired from the following muscles: (1) iliocostalis lumborum (IL), (2) longissimus thoracis (LT), (3) lumbar multifidus (LM), (4) rectus abdominis (RA), (5) external oblique (EO), (6) internal oblique (IO), (7) serratus anterior (SA), (8) latissimus dorsi (LD), (9) hamstrings (HS), and (10) gluteus maximus (GM)...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918997/tolerance-of-latissimus-dorsi-in-immediate-breast-reconstruction-without-implant-to-radiotherapy
#6
G Berthet, C Faure, M A Dammacco, C Vermesch, E Delay, C Ho Quoc, N Carrabin
INTRODUCTION: Immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) improves the quality of life of patients who undergo mastectomy. The latissimus dorsi flap (LDF) method provides particularly good aesthetic results, but its tolerance to subsequent radiotherapy remains unclear. We thus sought to assess tolerance and esthetic results and satisfaction, as reported by patients who underwent IBR by LDF with or without subsequent radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study in a population of women who were diagnosed with breast cancer between January 1999 and January 2014 and who had mastectomies with IBR by LDF without prostheses...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917935/trends-in-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction-types-at-a-breast-cancer-tertiary-referral-centre-before-and-after-introduction-of-acellular-dermal-matrices
#7
Hadyn K N Kankam, George J M Hourston, Laura J Fopp, John R Benson, Sarah L Benyon, Michael S Irwin, Amit Agrawal, Parto Forouhi, Charles M Malata
BACKGROUND: Reconstructive breast surgery has continued to evolve over the last decade with a key change being the adoption of acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) as an adjunct for implant-based procedures. This retrospective observational study assesses the effect of ADMs on post-mastectomy reconstructive practice performed in a single institution. METHODS: We conducted a review of all patients undergoing breast reconstruction at a University Teaching Hospital for an 18-month period before and after adopting ADMs...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904708/-latissimus-dorsi-flap-in-reconstruction-following-treatment-of-giant-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-about-a-rare-case
#8
Karim Bourra, Samir El Mazouz
We report the case of a 16-year old patient presenting with giant, multinodular, mesenchymal tumor of the abdominal wall occupying the left abdominal region and measuring 25 cm on the vertical axis, 20 cm on the transverse axis, mobile when compared with the deep structures and gradually increasing in volume over childhood and neglected. After small biopsy, which showed desmoid tumor, the patient underwent complete surgical resection of the tumor with immediate reconstruction by free muscolo skin flap of the latissimus dorsi attached to the large blood vessels of the inguinal fold (left iliac artery and left external iliac vein), connected by termino lateral anastomosis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890749/salvage-operation-using-the-free-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-flap-for-necrosis-of-the-free-scapular-flap-after-harvesting-both-flaps-in-a-chimeric-pattern
#9
Naohiro Ishii, Shigeki Sakai, Kazuo Kishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882492/assessing-the-effort-associated-with-teaching-residents
#10
Kelli R Aibel, Tracy Truong, Ronnie L Shammas, Eugenia H Cho, Kate J Buretta, Gina-Maria Pomann, Scott T Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative resident education is an integral mission of academic medical centers and serves as the basis for training the next generation of surgeons. The actual effort associated with teaching residents is unknown as it pertains to additional operative time. Using a large validated multi-institutional dataset, this study aims to quantify the effect of having a resident present in common plastic surgery procedures on operative time. Future directions for developing standardized methods to record and report teaching time are proposed, which can help inform prospective studies...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882467/muscle-activation-behavior-in-a-swimming-exergame-differences-by-experience-and-gaming-velocity
#11
Pooya Soltani, Pedro Figueiredo, Ricardo J Fernandes, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
The effects of playing intensity and prior exergame and sport experience on the activation patterns of upper limb muscles during a swimming exergame were investigated. Surface electromyography of Biceps Brachii, Triceps Brachii, Latissimus Dorsi, Upper Trapezius, and Erector Spinae of twenty participants was recorded, and the game play was divided into normal and fast. Mean muscle activation, normalized to maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), ranged from 4.9 to 95.2%MVIC and differed between normal and fast swimming for all techniques (p<0...
September 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881332/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-deltoid-deficient-shoulder-following-latissimus-dorsi-flap-transfer-case-report
#12
Mohamed Al Ateeq Al Dosari, Shamsi Hameed, Khalid Mukhtar, Aissam Elmhiregh
INTRODUCTION: The usual indication for reverse shoulder arthroplasty is glenohumeral arthritis with inadequate rotator cuff and intact deltoid muscle. We report here a case of reverse shoulder arthroplasty using a lattisimus dorsi flap in a patient with deltoid-deficient shoulder following a gunshot injury. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: The patient was an otherwise healthy 51-year-old male with a history of gunshot injury of the left shoulder 2006. Upon presentation in 2011, the patient had a loss of most of his shoulder bony and muscular structures...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876635/the-surgical-management-of-central-breast-tumours-at-a-specialist-breast-unit-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#13
L Van Schalkwyk, C A Benn, K Bergstrom
BACKGROUND: Central breast tumours are defined as tumours in the retroareolar area, or within 1.5-2.0 cm from the areolar edge. In the past, breast conservation therapy (BCT) for central breast tumours was considered controversial due to concerns regarding oncologic safety and cosmesis. Recent evidence does however suggest that oncoplastic techniques offer a cosmetically acceptable and safe alternative to mastectomy in these tumours. METHOD: Patients with central breast tumours (invasive and in situ) were identified from a breast cancer database of 431 patients who presented to the Netcare Breast Care Centre in Johannesburg over a one-year period (June 2015-June 2016)...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861376/patient-determinants-as-independent-risk-factors-for-postoperative-complications-of-breast-reconstruction
#14
Andri Thorarinsson, Victoria Fröjd, Lars Kölby, Mattias Lidén, Anna Elander, Hans Mark
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction is an essential component in the treatment of breast cancer. Postoperative complications after breast reconstruction are common and affect patient satisfaction. Determining independent risk factors using patient characteristics could be advantageous for patient assessment and counseling. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 623 consecutive patients who underwent reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP), latissimus dorsi flap (LD), lateral thoracodorsal flap (LTDF), or tissue expander with a secondary implant (EXP) in this study...
August 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854081/treatment-of-axillary-web-syndrome-using-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-and-thoracic-manipulation-for-associated-thoracic-rotation-dysfunction-a-case-report
#15
Patricia Crane, Jaclyn Ladden, Danielle Monica
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of research that investigates physical therapy management for patients with axillary web syndrome (AWS) and thoracic rotation dysfunction. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a patient with AWS and thoracic rotation dysfunction using an impairment-based approach that includes instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), thoracic manipulation, and stretching. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 48-year-old female with a past medical history of bilateral breast cancer with a bilateral latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834882/retrospective-observational-study-about-reducing-the-false-negative-rate-of-the-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-never-underestimate-the-effect-of-subjective-factors
#16
Yu-Ting Zhou, Zheng-Gui Du, Di Zhang, Qing Lv
Reducing the false negative rate of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for breast cancer patients has always been a focus of clinical research. We aimed to map the sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) in detail, and analyze the factors related to SLNs located at locations that are often ignored by surgeons, to reduce the rate of false negatives from SLNB. A retrospective analysis involving 545 breast cancer patients who underwent SLNB in west China hospital between August 2010 and February 2016 was performed. Blue dye, radioisotope, or combined methods were used for tracing SLNs...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833134/changes-in-shoulder-muscle-activity-pattern-on-surface-electromyography-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#17
Eun Joo Yang, YoungOk Kwon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alterations in muscle activation and restricted shoulder mobility, which are common in breast cancer patients, have been found to affect upper limb function. The purpose of this study was to determine muscle activity patterns, and to compare the prevalence of abnormal patterns among the type of breast surgery. METHODS: In total, 274 breast cancer patients were recruited after surgery. Type of breast surgery was divided into mastectomy without reconstruction (Mastectomy), reconstruction with tissue expander/implant (TEI), latissimus dorsi (LD) flap, or transverse rectus abdominis flap (TRAM)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831362/autologous-latissimus-dorsi-breast-reconstruction-flap-salvage-microvascular-anastomosis-with-serratus-branch
#18
Victoria Kuta, Martin LeBlanc
Autologous breast reconstruction has become a standard option during the recovery of breast cancer survivors. Although pedicle damage is a rare complication of this procedure, extensive torsion or tension can lead to partial or total flap failure. We report a case of partial flap salvage after accidental transection of the pedicled blood supply within the intramuscular course of a latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap. This salvage technique involved microvascular anastomosis between the remaining vasculature of the latissimus dorsi pedicle and the serratus branch of the thoracodorsal artery and vein...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831358/patient-reported-outcomes-are-better-after-oncoplastic-breast-conservation-than-after-mastectomy-and-autologous-reconstruction
#19
Natalie D Chand, Victoria Browne, Nirmala Paramanathan, Lashan J Peiris, Siobhan A Laws, Richard M Rainsbury
Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) avoids mastectomy for larger tumors, but patient-reported outcomes are unknown. METHODS: The BREAST-Q questionnaire was distributed to 333 women following therapeutic mammaplasty or latissimus dorsi (LD) miniflap since 1991 [tumor diameter, 32.5 (5-100) mm). QScore software generated scores/100 for breast appearance, physical, emotional, and sexual wellbeing. Outcomes following therapeutic mammaplasty and LD miniflap were compared and qualitative data analyzed to identify common themes relating to satisfaction...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831334/simultaneous-surgical-treatment-for-smile-dysfunction-and-lagophthalmos-involving-a-dual-latissimus-dorsi-flap
#20
Tsutomu Homma, Mutsumi Okazaki, Kentaro Tanaka, Noriko Uemura
Paralytic lagophthalmos and smile dysfunction are serious complications of facial paralysis and various reconstructive procedures have been developed to treat them. Among these procedures, there is no doubt that dynamic procedures are more effective than static ones. The 1-stage simultaneous surgical treatment of these 2 dysfunctions with a dynamic procedure involving a single muscle would be ideal, but no such methods have been reported. In this article, we present a 1-stage method for the simultaneous surgical treatment involving the use of a dual latissimus dorsi muscle flap...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
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