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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432747/whole-body-adipose-tissue-and-lean-muscle-volumes-and-their-distribution-across-gender-and-age-mr-derived-normative-values-in-a-normal-weight-swiss-population
#1
Erika J Ulbrich, Daniel Nanz, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Magda Marcon, Michael A Fischer
PURPOSE: To determine age- and gender-dependent whole-body adipose tissue and muscle volumes in healthy Swiss volunteers in Dixon MRI in comparison with anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measurements. METHODS: Fat-water-separated whole-body 3 Tesla MRI of 80 healthy volunteers (ages 20 to 62 years) with a body mass index (BMI) of 17.5 to 26.2 kg/m(2) (10 men, 10 women per decade). Age and gender-dependent volumes of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), total abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and total abdominal adipose tissue (TAAT), and the total lean muscle tissue (TLMT) normalized for body height were determined by semi-automatic segmentation, and correlated with anthropometric and BIA measurements as well as lifestyle parameters...
April 22, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431869/the-diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-the-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-on-ct-for-diagnosis-spontaneous-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#2
Murat Yesilaras, Turgay Yilmaz Kilic, Suveyda Yesilaras, Ozge Duman Atilla, Dilek Öncel, Mahmut Çamlar
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) and the diagnosis and prognosis of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on emergency department (ED) patients. METHOD: We used a matched control group of patients with the same age and gender who were diagnosed in the ED with spontaneous SAH and who admitted to the ED with headache. Four emergency medicine attending physicians made the ONSD measurements...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431806/gender-specific-evaluation-of-variation-of-maxillary-exposure-when-smiling
#3
Niels Christian Pausch, Dimitrios Katsoulis
INTRODUCTION: Excessive exposure of maxillary teeth when smiling can have a negative effect on the aesthetics and attractiveness of the face. The presented study was aimed to evaluate the effect of different amounts of gingival exposure on the perception of such human characteristics and qualities as age, attractiveness, gender specificity, and felt sympathy in the context of the whole face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two participants (21 female and 21 male students of Dental Medicine) were recruited as evaluators for the study...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430032/sociocultural-hegemony-gendered-identity-and-use-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-ghana
#4
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Daniel Buor, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Padmore Adusei Amoah
This study investigated the gender differences in use of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) in Ghana. Using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, we collected data from March to June 2013 from 324 randomly sampled adults in the Ashanti Region. The prevalence of TCM use in the prior 12 months was 86%. Females constituted the majority (61%) of TCM users. Female TCM users were more likely than male users to have had only a basic education, been traders (p ˂ .0001), and had health insurance (p ˂ ...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426597/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#5
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#6
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421273/-definition-classification-clinical-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#7
W Eich, K-J Bär, M Bernateck, M Burgmer, C Dexl, F Petzke, C Sommer, A Winkelmann, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
April 18, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420924/physicians-and-nurses-medical-errors-associated-with-communication-failures
#8
Ibrahim Topcu, Ayse Sonay Turkmen, Nejla Canbulat Sahiner, Sevim Savaser, Hanife Sen
OBJECTIVE: To determine medical errors associated with communication failures among physicians and nurses. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at 20 state hospitals and 14 training and research hospitals affiliated with the Istanbul City Health Directorate in Turkey, and comprised physicians and nurses. Data were collected between August 2012 and February 2013. A 16-item questionnaire was used that included questions regarding socio-demographic features such as age, gender, educational status, institution, occupation and working years...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416279/the-impact-of-work-life-balance-on-intention-to-stay-in-academia-results-from-a-national-survey-of-pharmacy-faculty
#9
Tristan Lindfelt, Eric J Ip, Alejandra Gomez, Mitchell J Barnett
PURPOSE: Border-Crossing theory suggests work-life balance and career satisfaction are inter-related and disappointment in work-life balance may predict changes in one's career path. Application of this theory to health profession faculty is plausible but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to examine factors related to reported career change intention among United States pharmacy school faculty and to determine if Border-Crossing theory fits these observations. METHODS: Results from a national web-based survey administered via Qualtrics(®) to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized...
April 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413207/rate-of-active-helicobacter-pylori-infection-among-symptomatic-patients-of-pakistan
#10
F Rasheed, A Yameen, T Ahmad, R Bilal
Only few epidemiological studies have examined the rate of active H. pylori infection in the symptomatic population in Pakistan. This retrospective study presents the laboratory data collected during the past 13 years (2002 to 2015) from 2315 symptomatic patients referred to the BreathMAT Lab, Nuclear Medicine, Oncology and Radiotherapy Institute, Islamabad for the diagnosis of active H. pylori infection using the (13)C Urea Breath Test. Rate of infection and its association with gender and age were evaluated...
April 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412724/the-quality-of-the-educational-environment-in-a-medical-college-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Abdullah H Altemani, Tarig H Merghani
Objectives: The study aimed to examine the quality of the educational environment in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, and to compare between male and female students using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM). Methods: We utilized a cross-sectional survey design.  Participants were 221 medical students (96 males and 125 females) from all classes (1st to 6th year). Each participant responded to a translated version of the DREEM questionnaire that measures five domains: students' perception of learning (SPL), students' perception of teachers (SPT), students' academic self-perception (SASP), students' perception of atmosphere (SPA), and students' social self-perception (SSSP)...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412573/patient-characteristics-associated-with-differences-in-radiation-exposure-from-pediatric-abdomen-pelvis-ct-scans-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#12
Jennifer N Cooper, Daniel L Lodwick, Brent Adler, Choonsik Lee, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is a widely used diagnostic tool in pediatric medicine. However, due to concerns regarding radiation exposure, it is essential to identify patient characteristics associated with higher radiation burden from CT imaging, in order to more effectively target efforts towards dose reduction. Our objective was to identify the effects of various demographic and clinical patient characteristics on radiation exposure from single abdomen/pelvis CT scans in children...
April 12, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#13
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406773/cluster-of-differentiation-5-cd5-levels-in-the-plasma-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#14
Dost Muhammad Halepoto, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Laila Al- Ayadhi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cluster of differentiation 5 (CD5) plasma levels and their association with childhood autism rating scale (CARS) in subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to age and gender matched healthy controls, and to explore the link between CD5, severity, and autoimmunity in autism. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Autism Research and Treatment Center, Al-Amodi Autism Research Chair, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2014 to May 2015...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406130/is-the-periodontal-status-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-psoriasis
#15
G Sarac, Y Kapicioglu, S Cayli, A Altas, S Yologlu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory, and hyperproliperative skin disease. It has been known that the infectious agents play a role in triggering and exacerbation of the disease. Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory gum diseases initiated by microorganisms in dental plaques. This study intended to determine the role of periodontal diseases, as chronic infective foci in psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients, who applied to Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, İnönü University, diagnosed as psoriasis and a control group consisting of 76 dermatologic patients without any systemic disease at similar age and gender were included the study...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405697/potentially-inappropriate-medicines-in-elderly-hospitalised-patients-according-to-the-eu-7-pim-list-stopp-version-2-criteria-and-comprehensive-protocol
#16
Iva Mucalo, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Andrea Brajković, Sonja Lukić, Patricia Marić, Ivana Marinović, Vesna Bačić-Vrca
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) by using the EU(7)-PIM list, STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions) version 2 criteria and the new comprehensive protocol. METHODS: This prospective study involved a sample of 276 consecutive elderly patients discharged from the university teaching hospital. Age, gender, diagnoses, medication history and medicines at discharge were recorded...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401669/implementation-of-teaching-on-lgbt-health%C3%A2-care
#17
Anna K Taylor, Hannah Condry, David Cahill
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients represent an important proportion of the population. Despite the health inequalities and barriers to health care noted within this group, there is little evidence of LGBT-focused education within medicine, dentistry or nursing. We introduced and evaluated the effect of a half-day teaching session focused on LGBT health care, delivered to year-2 students. CONTEXT: Initial informal discussion with year-2 and year-3 students suggested that the awareness of health inequalities other than sexual health was limited, and that students had little awareness of other issues such as gender dysphoria and heterosexism...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399414/laboratory-and-clinical-predictors-of-30-day-survival-for-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-8-year-experience-at-albert-einstein-college-of-medicine-montefiore-medical-center
#18
Ivo M B Francischetti, James Szymanski, Daniel Rodriguez, Moonseong Heo, Lucia R Wolgast
PURPOSE: Survival of patients on ECMO has remained stable in every population. Laboratory values predictors of survival are required to improve patient care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical Looking Glass software was used to assess Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) of patients at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center (2007-2014). RESULTS: Our population comprises of 166 adults and was divided in survivors and non-survivors, within 30days...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397558/measurement-of-cough-aerodynamics-in-healthy-adults
#19
Aaron J Feinstein, Zhaoyan Zhang, Dinesh K Chhetri, Jennifer Long
IMPORTANCE: Cough is a critical human reflex and also among the most frequent symptoms in medicine. Despite the prevalence of disordered cough in laryngeal pathologies, comprehensive and quantitative evaluation of cough in these patients is lacking. OBJECTIVE: Herein we seek to establish normative values for cough aerodynamics to provide a population standard for reference in future studies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Healthy subjects were recruited from an outpatient clinic to perform voluntary cough...
May 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395423/-a-pilot-study-to-explore-a-registry-method-for-acute-cardiovascular-events
#20
L Hou, W Han, Y Tang, F Xue, S H Liang, W Z Wang, B Zhang, H Y Pang, Y Y Wang, Z X Wang, Y D Hu, L Wang, M T Zhang, J M Jiang
Objective: To explore a registry method for acute cardiovascular events in large-scale fields across China. Methods: This study was based on a community-based Kazakh cohort, including 1 668 persons with complete baseline data, conducted in Altay, Xinjiang. Acute cardiovascular events included acute myocardial infarction(ICD-10: I21-I22), sudden cardiac death (I46.1), and incident stroke (I60-I64) that occurred during the period from Oct 1, 2012 to Jun 30, 2016. There were three stages, a hospital-based search for checking medical records of inpatients in all four local hospitals, a community-based supplementary registry, and an extra survey for reducing false negatives, to complete this registry...
April 4, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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