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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#1
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081158/-i-do-not-take-my-medicine-while-hiding-a-longitudinal-qualitative-assessment-of-hiv-discordant-couples-beliefs-in-discordance-and-art-as-prevention-in-uganda
#2
Rachel King, Jiho Kim, Mastula Nanfuka, Murisho Shafic, Maureen Nyonyitono, Florence Galenda, David Moore
BACKGROUND: HIV negative members of serostatus discordant couples are at high risk for HIV acquisition, but few interventions are in place to target them in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: In this study, we interviewed 28 couples, 3 times over a period of one year to understand their perceptions and attitudes around discordance, their relationship dynamics, their HIV risk behaviour, their beliefs and attitudes about antiretroviral therapy (ART) and their views of the community perceptions of discordance and treatment for HIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078659/summer-research-training-provides-effective-tools-for-underrepresented-minorities-to-obtain-doctoral-level-degrees
#3
Oluwatoyin A Asojo, Ashish Damania, Teri L Turner, Gayle Slaughter, Kendal D Hirschi
The ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of the USA is not reflected in its healthcare and biomedical workforce. Undergraduate research programs are used to encourage underrepresented minorities to pursue training for biomedical careers, but there is limited published data on doctoral degree completion rates by participants in these programs. This study evaluates the attainment of doctoral degrees by a NIH-funded cohort of undergraduates from the 1998-2002 Baylor College of Medicine's Summer Medical Research Training (SMART) program...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078423/-sexual-medicine-in-daily-practice-germany-wide-questionnaire-of-urologists
#4
I Schloegl, F-M Koehn, K M Beier, H A G Bosinski, A Dinkel, J E Gschwend, K Herkommer
BACKGROUND: Sexual-related problems are very prevalent. Physicians of different disciplines are frequently contacted by men with those problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of sexual medicine in daily practice and to evaluate German urologists' need for further training in this field with a focus on gender-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five-page questionnaire included questions about sexual medicine in daily practice...
January 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#5
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
January 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070471/importance-of-mean-red-cell-distribution-width-in-hypertensive-patients
#6
Ahmed Bilal, Junaid H Farooq, Immad Kiani, Salman Assad, Haider Ghazanfar, Imran Ahmed
PURPOSE: Red cell distribution width (RDW), expressed in femtoliters (fl), is a measure of the variation in the size of circulating erythrocytes and is often expressed as a direct measurement of the width of the distribution. We aim to observe the mean value of red cell distribution width (RDW) in hypertensive patients. Increased RDW can be used as a tool for early diagnosis, as an inflammatory marker, and a mortality indicator in hypertensive patients due to its close relation to inflammation...
November 29, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068155/the-cost-of-survival-an-exploration-of-colorectal-cancer-survivors-experiences-of-pain
#7
Amanda Drury, Sheila Payne, Anne-Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine report 'From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor' has drawn widespread attention to the experiences of cancer survivors. Research examining the symptom experiences of survivors are proliferative within the literature but limited by samples which include multiple tumor groups and varying inclusion criteria. This cross-sectional quantitative study seeks to examine pain and quality of life (QoL) in the context of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivorship, as defined by the Institute of Medicine...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067829/the-cause-of-death-of-a-child-in-the-18th-century-solved-by-bone-microbiome-typing-using-laser-microdissection-and-next-generation-sequencing
#8
Valeria D'Argenio, Marielva Torino, Vincenza Precone, Giorgio Casaburi, Maria Valeria Esposito, Laura Iaffaldano, Umberto Malapelle, Giancarlo Troncone, Iolanda Coto, Paolina Cavalcanti, Gaetano De Rosa, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti
The history of medicine abounds in cases of mysterious deaths, especially by infectious diseases, which were probably unresolved because of the lack of knowledge and of appropriate technology. The aim of this study was to exploit contemporary technologies to try to identify the cause of death of a young boy who died from a putative "infection" at the end of the 18th century, and for whom an extraordinarily well-preserved minute bone fragment was available. After confirming the nature of the sample, we used laser microdissection to select the most "informative" area to be examined...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#9
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064508/assessing-the-effect-of-pharmacist-care-on-diabetes-related-outcomes-in-a-rural-outpatient-clinic
#10
Cynthia Moreau, Karen R Sando, Daniel H Zambrano
BACKGROUND: The care of diabetic patients in rural areas is complicated by factors such as poor health literacy, cultural barriers, and primary care provider (PCP) shortages. Integrating pharmacist care in diabetes management in these settings may increase access to care and improve patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in diabetes-related outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) managed by a pharmacist diabetes clinic compared with patients only managed by PCPs in a rural family medicine clinic...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064329/a-cross-sectional-study-to-evaluate-metabolic-and-demographic-factors-affecting-cognitive-function-among-low-educated-internal-medicine-outpatients
#11
Feride Alakus, Serife A Helvaci, Mustafa Temizel, Yucel Arman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors affecting cognitive function in internal medicine outpatients. METHODS: A total of 130 consecutive outpatients aged 50-80 years old were included in this cross-sectional study conducted at Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey between March and May 2013. Cognitive function was evaluated via Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE) scores. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors predicting poor cognitive function...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063849/recruitment-promotion-and-retention-of-women-in-academic-medicine-how-institutions-are-addressing-gender-disparities
#12
Phyllis L Carr, Christine Gunn, Anita Raj, Samantha Kaplan, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Greater numbers of women in medicine have not resulted in more women achieving senior positions. Programs supporting the recruitment, promotion, and retention of women in academic medicine could help to achieve greater advancement of more women to leadership positions. Qualitative research was conducted to understand such programs at 23 institutions and, using the social ecological model, examine how they operate at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, academic community, and policy levels...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062966/the-existence-of-a-natural-plica-at-the-anatomical-base-of-the-antihelix-and-its-surgical-importance-to-address-protruding-ears-an-anatomicosurgical-study
#13
Miguel Marques Oliveira, Daniel Sousa Marques Oliveira, Gustavo Sousa Marques Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Protruding ears represent the main abnormality of the external ear, which has required numerous anatomic and surgical studies. Most studies give attention to the absence of the antihelix as the anatomic defect responsible for the clinical deformity of the lateral aspect of the ear that leads to its anteversion. The reason for this study is the controversial origin of the fold of the antihelix within the auricle framework, a field of interest for aesthetic otoplasty. The current study examined the medial surface of the cartilaginous ear frame from cadaver specimens with right morphology to investigate the starting point of the fold of the antihelix...
January 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#14
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062824/increasing-family-medicine-faculty-diversity-still-lags-population-trends
#15
Imam M Xierali, Marc A Nivet, Anne H Gaglioti, Winston R Liaw, Andrew W Bazemore
BACKGROUND: Faculty diversity has important implications for medical student diversity. The purpose of this analysis is to describe trends in racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in family medicine (FM) departments and compare these trends to the diversity of matriculating medical students, the diversity of all medical school faculty, and the population in general. METHODS: We used the Association of American Medical Colleges Faculty Roster to describe trends in proportions of female and minorities under-represented in medicine (URM) in FM department full-time faculty in U...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061790/closing-the-gender-leadership-gap-a-multi-centre-cross-country-comparison-of-women-in-management-and-leadership-in-academic-health-centres-in-the-european-union
#16
Ellen Kuhlmann, Pavel V Ovseiko, Christine Kurmeyer, Karin Gutiérrez-Lobos, Sandra Steinböck, Mia von Knorring, Alastair M Buchan, Mats Brommels
BACKGROUND: Women's participation in medicine and the need for gender equality in healthcare are increasingly recognised, yet little attention is paid to leadership and management positions in large publicly funded academic health centres. This study illustrates such a need, taking the case of four large European centres: Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany), Karolinska Institutet (Sweden), Medizinische Universität Wien (Austria), and Oxford Academic Health Science Centre (United Kingdom)...
January 6, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061509/strategies-to-prevent-or-reduce-gender-bias-in-peer-review-of-research-grants-a-rapid-scoping-review
#17
Andrea C Tricco, Sonia M Thomas, Jesmin Antony, Patricia Rios, Reid Robson, Reena Pattani, Marco Ghassemi, Shannon Sullivan, Inthuja Selvaratnam, Cara Tannenbaum, Sharon E Straus
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on strategies implemented or identified to prevent or reduce gender bias in peer review of research grants. METHODS: Studies of any type of qualitative or quantitative design examining interventions to reduce or prevent gender bias during the peer review of health-related research grants were included. Electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), PsycINFO, Joanna Briggs, the Cochrane Library, Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Reviews, and the Campbell Library were searched from 2005 to April 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053807/risk-factors-and-tumor-recurrence-in-pt1n0m0-gastric-cancer-after-surgical-treatment
#18
Hee Jun Choi, Su Mi Kim, Ji Yeong An, Min-Gew Choi, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Sung Sohn, Jae Moon Bae, Sung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the rate, patterns, and risk factors associated with tumor recurrence in patients with T1N0 gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 8,753 patients with pathological T1N0M0 gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 1994 and 2014 at Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine were examined. RESULTS: Among the 8,753 patients, 95 patients (1.1%) experienced tumor recurrence; this included 31 remnant, 27 hematogenous, 9 lymph nodal, 5 peritoneal, and 23 multiple-site recurrences...
December 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050753/the-career-advising-program-a-strategy-to-achieve-gender-equity-in-academic-medicine
#19
Brita Roy, Amy S Gottlieb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050653/successfully-sustaining-sex-and-gender-issues-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-case-study
#20
Francisca van der Meulen, Cornelia Fluit, Mieke Albers, Roland Laan, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
Although several projects have addressed the importance of gender health issues in medical education, the sustainability of change efforts in medical education has rarely been addressed. Understanding the possible facilitators or barriers to sustainability may help to develop future interventions that are effective in maintaining gender health issues as a topic in medical curricula. The aim of this study is to provide a longitudinal evaluation of changes regarding gender health issues that occurred in the past decade and the factors that influenced this process...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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