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Gender medicine

Dong-Uk Yang, Muhammad Hanif Siddiqi, Sungeun Ahn, Sera Kang, Hae-Yong Noh, Deok-Chun Yang
Osteoporosis is a widespread musculoskeletal deformity that affects thousands of older people every year, leading to bone abnormalities and ultimately increasing the risk of bone fractures in both genders. It is considered a lethal disease causing death in thousands of people at the late stage of life. Dendropanax morbifera Leveille is a subtropical broad-leaved prevalent species in Korea. Extracts of the leaves, stems, roots, and seeds of D. morbifera have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases such as diabetes, atherogenesis, skin disorders, and headaches...
March 20, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Min-Gu Kang, Chul-Hyun Kim, Eunhee Park, Jae-Won Huh, Won-Jong Yang, Tae-Woo Nam, Yu-Sun Min, Tae-Du Jung
Objective: To investigate the effect of family caregiving on depression in the first 3 months after spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 76 patients diagnosed with an SCI from January 2013 to December 2016 at the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Kyungpook National University Hospital, Korea. Clinical characteristics including age, gender, level of injury, completeness of the injury, time since injury, caregiver information, etiology, and functional data were collected through a retrospective review of medical records...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Simone Zanella, Francesco Buccelletti, Francesco Franceschi, Claudio Ramponi, Federica Spagnolli, Gianpaolo Sacchetti, Giovanna Oliva
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the usefulness of Arnica compositum (AC) + Acidum nitricum (AN) + Hekla lava (HL) ointment in Emergency Medicine Department (EMD) as alternative non-pharmacological local treatment of patients with symptomatic calcific periarthritis of the shoulder (CPS) and to compare the effectiveness of this mixture against AC ointment alone. METHODS: A series of 41 consecutive patients (20 women, 19 men, median age 49 years, range 25-80 years) with non-traumatic painful unilateral CPS were randomly assigned to receive local treatment with AC+AN+HL ointment mixture (Group A, cases, N=21) or AC ointment alone (Group B, controls, N=20)...
March 19, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Reshma Jagsi, Rochelle D Jones, Kent A Griffith, Kathleen T Brady, Ann J Brown, Randal D Davis, Amelia F Drake, Daniel Ford, Victoria J Fraser, Katherine E Hartmann, Judith S Hochman, Susan Girdler, Anne M Libby, Christina Mangurian, Judith G Regensteiner, Kimberly Yonkers, Sindy Escobar-Alvarez, Elizabeth R Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Zhen Li, Chang Fu, Fan Yang, Zongfu Mao
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertension in middle-aged people is increasing. However, few studies have examined the risk factors of hypertension among the middle-aged population. The aim of this study is to present the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors for the middle-aged population in China. METHODS: The data were from the third-wave national survey (2015) of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A total of 7,178 respondents aged 45-59 years were included in this study...
March 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Tae Hyun Ban, Ji-Won Min, Changhwan Seo, Da Rae Kim, Yu Ho Lee, Byung Ha Chung, Kyung-Hwan Jeong, Jae Wook Lee, Beom Seok Kim, Sang-Ho Lee, Bum Soon Choi, Jin Suk Han, Chul Woo Yang
Background/Aims: The true incidence of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is thought to be underestimated because numerous ingredients known or suspected to contain aristolochic acid (AA) are used in traditional medicine in Korea. Methods: We collected data on cases of AAN since 1996 via a database in Korea. We evaluated the year of AAN development, route to obtaining AA-containing herbal medicine, gender, reason for taking AA-containing herbal medicine, clinical manifestations, histological findings, phytochemical analysis, and prognosis of patients with AAN...
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Sheree Bekker, Osman H Ahmed, Ummukulthoum Bakare, Tracy A Blake, Alison M Brooks, Todd E Davenport, Luciana De Michelis Mendonça, Lauren V Fortington, Michael Himawan, Joanne L Kemp, Karen Litzy, Roland F Loh, James MacDonald, Carly D McKay, Andrea B Mosler, Margo Mountjoy, Ann Pederson, Melanie I Stefan, Emma Stokes, Amy J Vassallo, Jackie L Whittaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Bisher Sawaf, Fatima Abbas, Amr Idris, Tareq Al Saadi, Nazir Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Little research addresses how medical students develop their choice of specialty training in crisis and resource-poor settings. The newly graduated medical students determine the future of the healthcare system. This study aims to elucidate the factors influencing Syrian medical students' specialty selection and students' intentions to study abroad. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out at the universities of Damascus, Al-Kalamoon and the Syrian Private University in Syria using self-administered questionnaire to investigate medical students' specialty preferences and plans for career future...
March 16, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Jole Mariella, Eleonora Iacono, Aliai Lanci, Barbara Merlo, Caterina Palermo, Lee Morris, Carolina Castagnetti
The umbilical cord (UC), the connection between mother and fetus via the umbilical vessels, carries nutrients and oxygenated blood to the fetus through the umbilical vein and removes deoxygenated blood and waste products via the umbilical arteries. It is designed to protect blood flow to the fetus during pregnancy. In equine medicine, only a few studies have described the UC, and most of these involved Thoroughbreds. The present study describes and compares the macroscopic features of the equine umbilical cord in three different breeds and in relation to the foal's gender...
March 7, 2018: Theriogenology
Sarah Edgerley, Conor McKaigney, Devon Boyne, Darrell Ginsberg, Jeffrey Damon Dagnone, Andrew Koch Hall
AIM: Emergency medicine (EM) trainees often work nightshifts. We sought to measure how this circadian disruption affects EM resident performance during simulated resuscitations. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled EM residents at a single Canadian academic centre over a six-year period. Residents completed twice-annual simulation-based resuscitation-focused objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) with assessment in four domains (primary assessment, diagnostic actions, therapeutic actions and communication), and a global assessment score (GAS)...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Devesh Vashishtha, William Sieber, Brittany Hailey, Kristen Guirguis, Alexander Gershunov, Wael K Al-Delaimy
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine whether heat waves are associated with increased frequency of clinic visits for ICD-9 codes of illnesses traditionally associated with heat waves. Methods: During 4 years of family medicine clinic data between 2012 and 2016, we identified six heat wave events in San Diego County. For each heat wave event, we selected a control period in the same season that was twice as long. Scheduling a visit on a heat wave day (versus a non-heat wave day) was the primary predictor, and receiving a primary ICD-9 disease code related to heat waves was the outcome...
March 10, 2018: Family Practice
Sebastian T Tong, Camille J Hochheimer, Wendy B Barr, Matteo Leveroni-Calvi, Nicholas M Lefevre, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research found that 24% of graduating family medicine residents intend to provide obstetrical deliveries, but only 9% of family physicians 1 to 10 years into practice are doing so. Our study aims to describe the individual and residency program characteristics associated with intention to provide obstetrical deliveries and prenatal care. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2014-2016 graduating residents were obtained from the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination demographic questionnaire that asked about intended provision of specific clinical activities...
March 8, 2018: Family Medicine
Wei Gan, Xin-Le Liu, Ting Yu, Yuan-Gao Zou, Ting-Ting Li, Shuang Wang, Jin Deng, Lan-Lan Wang, Jian-Ping Cai
Background: A molecular biomarker of physiologic age, as opposed to chronologic age, is needed in clinical medicine. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGsn) and 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGsn) are two promising aging biomarkers. Methods: A total of 1,228 healthy Chinese residents (613 males and 615 females) 2-90 years of age were randomly selected. Spot urine samples were collected, and the concentrations of 8-oxodGsn and 8-oxoGsn were measured using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (UPLC-MS/MS)...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Dragana Milutinović, Robert Lovrić, Dragana Simin
BACKGROUND: There is an implicit expectation for medical sciences students to work together effectively as members of health-care team, and interprofessional education is therefore widely accepted. Students' attitudes, which are affected by various factors, have been recognized as the most important predictors of successful implementation of interprofessional education with the aim of developing collaborative practice. The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale has often been used in studies to measure these perspectives...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Michael A Skinnider, David D W Twa, Jordan W Squair, Norman D Rosenblum, Christine D Lukac
CONTEXT: MD/PhD programmes provide structured paths for physician-scientist training. However, considerable proportions of graduates of these programmes do not pursue careers in research consistent with their training. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify factors associated with sustained involvement in research after completion of all postgraduate training. METHODS: Anonymised data from a national survey of Canadian MD/PhD programme graduates who had completed all physician-scientist training (n = 70) were analysed...
March 13, 2018: Medical Education
Nova Nexhmije Ajeti, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Sonja Apostolska
OBJECTIVES: During the treatment of chronic apical periodontitis and pulp necrosis the main role is to irrigate the root canal. AIM: The aim of this in vivo study was to irrigate with 0.9% NaCl (Natrium Chloride), 2.5 % NaOCl (Sodium Hypochlorite Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Germany) and 2% CHX (Chlorhexidine Digluconate Solution, Sigma Aldrich - Spain) combined with Gaseous Ozone (Prozone WH, Austria). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was realised in the University Dentistry Clinical Centre of Kosovo (UDCCK), respectively in the Department of Endodontic and Dental Pathology, Dental Branch, Faculty of Medicine, Prishtina, Kosovo...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
(no author information available yet)
Chris S Earl, Teh Wooi Keong, Shi-qi An, Sarah Murdoch, Yvonne McCarthy, Junkal Garmendia, Joseph Ward, J Maxwell Dow, Liang Yang, George A O'Toole & Robert P RyanThe above article, published May 20 2015 in EMBO Molecular Medicine , has been retracted by agreement between the authors of the study, CSE, TWK, SQA, SM, YMcC, JG, JW, JMD, LY, RPR, the journal Chief Editor and the EMBO Head of Scientific Publications in accordance with the outcomes of independent investigations conducted by the University of Dundee and University College Cork...
March 12, 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Rosalyn E Maben-Feaster, R Brent Stansfield, AnneMarie Opipari, Maya M Hammoud
BACKGROUND: One-third of Americans use social media websites as a source of health care information. Twitter, a microblogging site that allows users to place 280-character posts-or tweets-on the Web, is emerging as an important social media platform for health care. However, most guidelines on medical professionalism on social media are based on expert opinion. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine if provider Twitter profiles with educational tweets were viewed as more professional than profiles with personal tweets or a mixture of the two, and to determine the impact of provider gender on perceptions of professionalism in an academic obstetrics and gynecology clinic...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Te-Mao Li, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yang-Chang Wu, Chih-Ho Lai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Due to the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV/AIDS is now regarded as a treatable chronic disease. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is a type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that has been widely applied in the healthcare system in Taiwan. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of use and patterns of prescription for the CHM-based treatment of HIV-infected patients and to assess the long-term effects of CHM on hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease events in these patients...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
I Hernández-García, A Chaure-Pardos, J Moliner-Lahoz, P Prieto-Andrés, R Mareca-Doñate, T Giménez-Júlvez, H López-Mendoza, J I García-Montero, C Aibar-Remón
BACKGROUND: Patient absenteeism in outpatient clinics represents a significant obstacle to the cost-effectiveness of healthcare. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of absence of patients and its associated factors in scheduled visits to a Preventive Medicine department. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the Service of Preventive Medicine of the Lozano Blesa University Clinical Hospital of Zaragoza. It included all the visits scheduled from 3 January to 31 March 2017...
March 9, 2018: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
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