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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912938/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-lowering-blood-lipid-levels-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Paul Posadzki, Abdullah M N AlBedah, Mohamed M K Khalil, Meshari S AlQaed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to summarize and critically evaluate the evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for lowering blood lipid levels (BLL). METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched until March 2016. Additionally, all the retrieved references were inspected manually for further relevant papers. Systematic reviews were considered eligible, if they included patients of any age and/or gender with elevated blood lipid levels using any type of CAM...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#2
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904260/sonographic-identification-of-peripheral-nerves-in-the-forearm
#3
Saundra A Jackson, Charlotte Derr, Anthony De Lucia, Marvin Harris, Zuheily Closser, Branko Miladinovic, Rahul Mhaskar, Theresa Jorgensen, Lori Green
BACKGROUND: With the growing utilization of ultrasonography in emergency medicine combined with the concern over adequate pain management in the emergency department (ED), ultrasound guidance for peripheral nerve blockade in ED is an area of increasing interest. The medical literature has multiple reports supporting the use of ultrasound guidance in peripheral nerve blocks. However, to perform a peripheral nerve block, one must first be able to reliably identify the specific nerve before the procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#4
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893495/integration-of-eeg-into-psychiatric-practice-a-step-toward-precision-medicine-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Ronald J Swatzyna, Jay D Tarnow, Robert P Turner, Alexandra J Roark, Erin K MacInerney, Gerald P Kozlowski
INTRODUCTION: Data from an EEG is not commonly used by psychiatrists to plan treatment and medication. However, EEG abnormalities such as isolated epileptiform discharges (IEDs) are found to be more prevalent in psychiatric patients, particularly those diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Most medications prescribed for ASD lower seizure threshold and increase side-effects. Therefore, it may be prudent to order an EEG for ASD cases, especially those categorized as refractory...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893352/prevalence-of-antibodies-to-a-new-histo-blood-system-the-fors-system
#6
Carlos Jesus, Camilla Hesse, Clara Rocha, Nádia Osório, Ana Valado, Armando Caseiro, António Gabriel, Lola Svensson, Ali-Reza Moslemi, Wafa Abu Siba, Mahmoud A Srour, Cristina Pereira, Jorge Tomaz, Paulo Teixeira, Fernando Mendes
BACKGROUND: In 1987, three unrelated English families were reported with a putative blood subgroup called Apae. Swedish researchers later found evidence leading to abolishment of the Apae subgroup and establishment instead of the FORS blood group system (System 31 - ISBT, 2012). It is important to know the prevalence of antibodies in order to make the best decisions in transfusion medicine. Cells expressing the Forssman saccharide, such as sheep erythrocytes, are needed to detect the anti-Forssman antibody...
October 24, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892441/a-prospective-study-of-commonly-prescribed-drugs-in-the-management-of-neuropathic-pain-and-its-medication-adherence-pattern
#7
R Shrestha, P Silwal, N Basnet, S Shakya Shrestha, R Shrestha, B R Pokharel
Background Neuropathic pain is one of the common complains of patients visiting neurology and orthopedic departments in hospitals. Management of neuropathic pain is difficult and is often symptomatic rather than being curative. Adherence to medication is necessary for pain management to be effective. However, there are various factors related to patient, physician, drug regimen and other socio-economic affecting adherence. Objective To study commonly prescribed drugs in neuropathic pain management and the medication adherence pattern including its associated factors...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#8
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891307/morphological-analysis-of-palatal-rugae-pattern-in-central-indian-population
#9
Neha Dwivedi, Anil Kumar Nagarajappa
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological study of palatal rugae pattern in a central Indian population and to determine sex differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distinctive rugae patterns of the study population and determine the contribution of rugae patterns in gender identification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among a Central Indian population with a sample size of 500 participants...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#10
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888427/taiwanese-medical-students-narratives-of-intercultural-professionalism-dilemmas-exploring-tensions-between-western-medicine-and-taiwanese-culture
#11
Ming-Jung Ho, Katherine Gosselin, Madawa Chandratilake, Lynn V Monrouxe, Charlotte E Rees
In an era of globalization, cultural competence is necessary for the provision of quality healthcare. Although this topic has been well explored in non-Western cultures within Western contexts, the authors explore how Taiwanese medical students trained in Western medicine address intercultural professionalism dilemmas related to tensions between Western medicine and Taiwanese culture. A narrative interview method was employed with 64 Taiwanese medical students to collect narratives of professionalism dilemmas...
November 26, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885674/gender-differences-in-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-their-association-with-moderate-mental-distress-in-u-s-adults-with-migraines-severe-headaches
#12
Taeho Greg Rhee, Ila M Harris
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use varies by gender, and assessed the interaction of gender and CAM use on moderate mental distress (MMD) in U.S. adults with migraines/severe headaches. METHODS: We used data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, which represents non-institutionalized U.S. adults with migraines/severe headaches (n = 4645 unweighted). Using a cross-sectional design with survey sampling techniques, we conducted descriptive analyses for prevalence of CAM use by gender...
November 25, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884964/what-are-the-characteristics-of-and-clinical-outcomes-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-prescribed-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-following-sexual-exposure-pepse-at-sexual-health-clinics-in-england
#13
Holly Mitchell, Martina Furegato, Gwenda Hughes, Nigel Field, Anthony Nardone
OBJECTIVES: To explore the risk factors for, and clinical outcomes in men who have sex with men (MSM) prescribed HIV postexposure prophylaxis following sexual exposure (PEPSE) at sexual health clinics (SHCs) in England. METHODS: National STI surveillance data were extracted from the genitourinary medicine clinic activity dataset (GUMCADv2) for 2011-2014. Quarterly and annual trends in the number of episodes where PEPSE was prescribed were analysed by gender and sexual risk...
November 24, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884579/number-of-daily-antihypertensive-drugs-and-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-older-hypertensive-adults-national-health-insurance-service-senior-cohort
#14
So Yeon Kim, Sunyoung Kim, Sung Eun Choi, Byung Sung Kim, Hyun Rim Choi, Deri Hwang, Chang Won Won
BACKGROUND: Antihypertensive medication represents one of the most common prescriptions for senior individuals. Numerous studies have assessed the influence of antihypertensive treatment on the risk for osteoporotic fracture, yet much controversy remains. We analyzed the relationship between the incidence of osteoporotic fracture and the average number of daily antihypertensive drugs (NDAD) included in the prescription of elderly hypertensive patients. METHODS: The study population was derived from the National Health Insurance Service-Senior Cohort (2002-2013), and consisted of elderly patients (≥60 years) diagnosed with hypertension in 2009, who did not have osteoporotic fractures in 2008, and underwent at least one national health check-up between 2009 and 2013, and had complete records after 2010...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883305/understanding-transgender-and-medically-assisted-gender-transition-feminism-as-a-critical-resource
#15
Jamie Lindemann Nelson
Feminism has fought the trivialization of women's experiences, championed women's security, and insisted on respect for women's choices. In so doing, feminism has developed important perspectives on the complicated connections between what gender means as it plays itself in people's lives, and the inequalities of power and authority that structure much of human experience. Here, I put a few of these perspectives into contact with an issue where the interactions of gender and power are squarely in play: medicine's role in assisting gender transitioning generally and, specifically, the enduring controversy between medicine and many transgender people about the pathologization of transgender and the role of clinicians as gatekeepers to gender-transition interventions...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883301/what-s-in-a-guideline-developing-collaborative-and-sound-research-designs-that-substantiate-best-practice-recommendations-for-transgender-health-care
#16
Madeline B Deutsch, Asa Radix, Sari Reisner
Transgender medicine presents a particular challenge for the development of evidence-based guidelines, due to limitations in the available body of evidence as well as the exclusion of gender identity data from most public health surveillance activities. The guidelines that have been published are often based on expert opinion, small studies, and data gathered outside the US. The existence of guidelines, however, helps legitimate the need for gender-affirming medical and surgical interventions. Research conducted on transgender populations should be grounded in gender-affirming methodologies and focus on key areas such as health outcomes after gender-affirming interventions...
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882850/gendered-drugs-and-medicine-historical-and-socio-cultural-perspectives
#17
Jonathan Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882223/hepatitis-b-patients-exhibiting-mild-alanine-aminotransferase-elevation-a-comparative-analysis-of-treatment-with-and-without-bicyclol-tablets
#18
Yin Zhang, Yanming Xie, Yiying Zhang, Yan Liu, Yan Zhuang
The aim of the present study was to analyze the medicinal effect of Bicyclol tablets on patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and concomitant mild alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation (40-80 IU/l). A retrospective cohort study, which included patients from the hospital information system (HIS; established by the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences) viral hepatitis database comprised of 18 third-grade class A hospitals in China, was performed. Patients were divided into an exposed group (administered with Bicyclol tablets) and a non-exposed group (no administration of Bicyclol tablets)...
November 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881531/burnout-prevalence-in-new-zealand-s-public-hospital-senior-medical-workforce-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#19
Charlotte N L Chambers, Christopher M A Frampton, Murray Barclay, Martin McKee
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of, and associated factors contributing to burnout among senior doctors and dentists working in the New Zealand's public health system. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods study. SETTING: New Zealand's 20 district health boards (DHBs). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1487 of 3740 senior doctors and dentists who are members of the Association of Salaried Medical Specialists working in DHBs were recruited (response rate 40%)...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878530/gendered-medicinal-plant-knowledge-contributions-to-adaptive-capacity-and-health-sovereignty-in-amazonia
#20
Isabel Díaz-Reviriego, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Matthieu Salpeteur, Patricia L Howard, Victoria Reyes-García
Local medical systems are key elements of social-ecological systems as they provide culturally appropriate and locally accessible health care options, especially for populations with scarce access to biomedicine. The adaptive capacity of local medical systems generally rests on two pillars: species diversity and a robust local knowledge system, both threatened by local and global environmental change. We first present a conceptual framework to guide the assessment of knowledge diversity and redundancy in local medicinal knowledge systems through a gender lens...
December 2016: Ambio
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