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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#1
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816565/dacryocystectomy-as-a-treatment-of-chronic-dacryocystitis-in-the-elderly
#2
Mariana N Meireles, Magda Mh Viveiros, Roberta Lfs Meneghin, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Mariângela Ea Marques, Silvana A Schellini
To evaluate the dacryocystectomy (DCT) outcomes for chronic dacryocystitis in an elderly population over 70 years old. A retrospective chart review was performed for patients over 70 years old who were diagnosed with chronic dacryocystitis and underwent DCT at the Botucatu School of Medicine, UNESP, Brazil, from 2007 to July 2014. Data were collected about patient demographics, age, gender, previous nasal, or ophthalmic diseases, symptoms related to the lacrimal drainage system preoperatively and postoperatively, signs of enlargement of the lacrimal sac (regurgitation of secretion), and histopathologic evaluation...
August 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814910/a-15-year-review-of-the-stanford-internal-medicine-residency-program-predictors-of-resident-satisfaction-and-dissatisfaction
#3
James S Kahn, Ronald M Witteles, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Sumbul A Desai, Errol Ozdalga, Paul A Heidenreich
INTRODUCTION: Satisfaction with training and with educational experiences represents important internal medicine (IM) programmatic goals. Graduates from IM residency programs are uniquely poised to provide insights into their educational and training experiences and to assess whether these experiences were satisfactory and relevant to their current employment. METHODS: We surveyed former IM residents from the training program held during the years 2000-2015 at the Department of Medicine, Stanford University...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812957/examining-gender-bias-in-the-feedback-shared-with-family-medicine-residents
#4
Chantal Loeppky, Oksana Babenko, Shelley Ross
OBJECTIVES: Competency-based education places increasing emphasis on formative feedback to learners as part of the assessment process. We wished to determine if gender bias was present in the feedback shared with post-graduate medical trainees (residents) in a two-year family medicine residency program at a Canadian university. METHODS: We performed secondary data analyses of documented feedback (FieldNotes) extracted from the Competency-Based Achievement System database...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#5
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811907/factors-associated-with-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-the-viral-origin-diseases-in-office-based-practices-2006-2012
#6
Sara Imanpour, Obioma Nwaiwu, Darcy K McMaughan, Bethany DeSalvo, Adnan Bashir
OBJECTIVE: To test the potential association between time spent with a doctor and antibiotic overprescriptions in case of the common cold, runny nose, bronchitis, chest colds, flu, sore throats, and fluid in the middle ear. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Office-based physicians in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 261,623 patient visits recorded to office-based physicians in the US. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The interest outcome was unnecessary antibiotic prescription...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811801/pakistan-journal-of-medical-sciences-a-bibliometric-assessment-2001-2010
#7
Zameer Hussain Baladi, Loung V Umedani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the growth of scientific research, authors' productivity, affiliation with the institute and geographic locations published in the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences during the period of 2001 - 2010. METHODS: This numerical analysis was conducted during mid-August 2016 to mid-October, 2016. The data for the study was downloaded from websites of e-journal of Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS) and Pak Medi-Net Com...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809398/precision-medicine-for-suicidality-from-universality-to-subtypes-and-personalization
#8
A B Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, P L Phalen, H L Dainton, K Roseberry, E M Niculescu, J O Niezer, A Williams, D L Graham, T J Jones, V Venugopal, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, S M Kurian, A Shekhar, N J Schork, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon
Suicide remains a clear, present and increasing public health problem, despite being a potentially preventable tragedy. Its incidence is particularly high in people with overt or un(der)diagnosed psychiatric disorders. Objective and precise identification of individuals at risk, ways of monitoring response to treatments and novel preventive therapeutics need to be discovered, employed and widely deployed. We sought to investigate whether blood gene expression biomarkers for suicide (that is, a 'liquid biopsy' approach) can be identified that are more universal in nature, working across psychiatric diagnoses and genders, using larger cohorts than in previous studies...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796075/muscle-gap-approach-under-a-minimally-invasive-channel-technique-for-treating-long-segmental-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#9
Yang Bin, Wang De Cheng, Wang Zong Wei, Li Hui
This study aimed to compare the efficacy of muscle gap approach under a minimally invasive channel surgical technique with the traditional median approach.In the Orthopedics Department of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Tongzhou District, Beijing, 68 cases of lumbar spinal canal stenosis underwent surgery using the muscle gap approach under a minimally invasive channel technique and a median approach between September 2013 and February 2016. Both approaches adopted lumbar spinal canal decompression, intervertebral disk removal, cage implantation, and pedicle screw fixation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795917/assessing-evidence-of-inequalities-in-access-to-medication-for-diabetic-populations-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Yodi Christiani, Teerapon Dhippayom, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Background Inequalities in access to medications among people diagnosed with diabetes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is a public health concern since untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications and premature death. Objective To assess evidence of inequalities in access to medication for diabetes in adult populations of people with diagnosed diabetes in LMICs. Design We conducted a systematic review of the literature using the PRISMA-Equity guidelines. A search of five databases - PubMed, Cochrane, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and EMBASE - was conducted from inception to November 2015...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795462/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-prevalence-and-detection-of-predictors-of-polypharmacy-amongst-adult-in-spain
#11
Gracia Niclós, Teresa Olivar, Vicent Rodilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between polypharmacy and sociodemographic factors as well as health status, determinants of health and healthcare use, illness and use of prescribed medicines amongst adults in Spain. METHODS: Data from the 2009 European Health Interview Survey in Spain which included 22 188 subjects were used. Polypharmacy was defined as the use of five or more prescribed medicines. The association between polypharmacy and several variables was assessed by means of bivariate analysis and logistic regression analysis (adjusted by age and gender)...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794637/the-role-of-mediastinoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-lung-cancer-diseases
#12
Serdar Onat, Gungor Ates, Alper Avcı, Tekin Yıldız, Ali Birak, Cihan Akgul Ozmen, Refik Ulku
BACKGROUND: Mediastinoscopy is a good method to evaluate mediastinal lesions. We sought to determine the current role of mediastinoscopy in the investigation of non-lung cancer patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical parameters (age, gender, histological diagnosis, morbidity, mortality) of all patients without lung cancer who consecutively underwent mediastinoscopy in Hospital of Faculty of Medicine of Dicle University between June 2003 and December 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793089/-evolution-in-the-use-and-the-expenditures-of-a-healthcare-provider
#13
André Luís de Castro Moura Duarte, Felippe de Medeiros Oliveira, Anderson de Andrade Santos, Bento Fortunato Cardoso Dos Santos
Brazil's aging population and the rising number of people reliant upon the country's supplementary healthcare system have elicited the concern of public and private managers regarding the increase in healthcare costs. In this paper, the costs per gender, per type of medical expenses and per age group of a major Brazilian self-managed healthcare provider between 2007 and 2013 were analyzed. This healthcare provider is of interest because, besides portraying a single condition of revenue growth restricted to the existing contributors, it also replicates the demographic profile expected for Brazil in 2050, when approximately one-third of its population will be over 60 years of age...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793084/-use-of-medicinal-plants-as-home-remedies-in-primary-health-care-in-blumenau-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#14
Ana Lúcia Bertarello Zeni, Amanda Varnier Parisotto, Gerson Mattos, Ernani Tiaraju de Santa Helena
An increase in the use of alternative therapeutic practices has been observed in the past decade, especially in medicinal plants, herbal and home remedies, which has been supported by policies within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). This study investigated the use of home remedies by users of Primary Health Care in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. It is a cross-sectional, observational and epidemiological study, the data for which were obtained via a questionnaire applied to 701 individuals. An unconditional logistic regression model was used to estimate the association between the use of home remedies and socio-demographic and medical care variables...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792940/differences-in-words-used-to-describe-racial-and-gender-groups-in-medical-student-performance-evaluations
#15
David A Ross, Dowin Boatright, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Ayana Jordan, Adam Chekroud, Edward Z Moore
PURPOSE: The transition from medical school to residency is a critical step in the careers of physicians. Because of the standardized application process-wherein schools submit summative Medical Student Performance Evaluations (MSPE's)-it also represents a unique opportunity to assess the possible prevalence of racial and gender disparities, as shown elsewhere in medicine. METHOD: The authors conducted textual analysis of MSPE's from 6,000 US students applying to 16 residency programs at a single institution in 2014-15...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792524/a-concordance-based-study-to-assess-doctors-and-nurses-mental-models-in-internal-medicine
#16
Katherine S Blondon, K C Gary Chan, Virginie Muller-Juge, Stéphane Cullati, Patricia Hudelson, Fabienne Maître, Nu V Vu, Georges L Savoldelli, Mathieu R Nendaz
Interprofessional collaboration between doctors and nurses is based on team mental models, in particular for each professional's roles. Our objective was to identify factors influencing concordance on the expectations of doctors' and nurses' roles and responsibilities in an Internal Medicine ward. Using a dataset of 196 doctor-nurse pairs (14x14 = 196), we analyzed choices and prioritized management actions of 14 doctors and 14 nurses in six clinical nurse role scenarios, and in five doctor role scenarios (6 options per scenario)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791752/is-higher-population-level-use-of-ics-laba-combination-associated-with-better-asthma-outcomes-cross-sectional-surveys-of-nationally-representative-populations-in-new-zealand-and-australia
#17
Helen K Reddel, Lutz Beckert, Angela Moran, Tristram Ingham, Rosario D Ampon, Matthew J Peters, Susan M Sawyer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: New Zealand (NZ) and Australia (AU) have similarly high asthma prevalence; both have universal public health systems, but different criteria for subsidized medicines. We explored differences in asthma management and asthma-related outcomes between these countries. METHODS: A web-based survey was administered in AU (2012) and NZ (2013) to individuals aged ≥16 years with current asthma, drawn randomly from web-based panels, stratified by national population proportions...
August 9, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782805/individual-difference-factors-and-beliefs-in-medical-and-political-conspiracy-theories
#18
Natasha Galliford, Adrian Furnham
This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781897/a-medicolegal-study-of-domestic-violence-in-south-region-of-jordan
#19
Hasan Al-Hawari, Asmaa El-Banna
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence is a forced pattern of behavior that happened in domestic settings to gain or maintain power and control over an individual. The aim of this work is to study the magnitude of domestic violence in south region of Jordan. METHODS: The retrospective study was retrieved from the medico-legal reports of domestic violence cases referred to the Directorate of Forensic Medicine in south region of Jordan during six years period starting from 1st of January 2010 till the end of December 2015...
2017: Egyptian journal of forensic sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781135/five-year-epidemiology-of-liquefied-petroleum-gas-related-burns
#20
Ronghua Jin, Pan Wu, Jon Kee Ho, Xingang Wang, Chunmao Han
BACKGROUND: The incidence of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)-related burns has increased over recent years, and it has become a serious public health issue in developing countries such as India and Turkey. This paper aims to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of LPG-related burns to provide assistance and suggestions for planning prevention strategies. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study was conducted in patients with LPG-related burns admitted to the Department of Burns & Wound Care Center, Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, between 1st January 2011 and 31st December 2015...
August 3, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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