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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780475/the-postpartum-partner-support-scale-development-psychometric-assessment-and-predictive-validity-in-a-canadian-prospective-cohort
#1
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: postpartum depression is a significant public health issue with well-documented negative consequences. A strong risk factor that has been consistently identified in international samples is a poor partner relationship. However, no instrument exists to measure postpartum-specific partner support. OBJECTIVES: the objective of this methodological study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to assess the perception of postpartum partner support to guide interventions...
July 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775187/a-qualitative-study-of-pregnancy-related-anxiety-among-women-in-tanzania
#2
Melanie King Rosario, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Elias Charles Nyanza, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, David Este
OBJECTIVES: To explore and understand the experiences and priorities of pregnant women living with fears and worries related to fetal/infant and maternal health, the birthing process and ability to parent the infant (ie, pregnancy-related anxiety (PRA)) in Mwanza, Tanzania. DESIGN: Descriptive phenomenological approach. SETTING: Two clinics in the Ilemela and Nyamagana districts of Mwanza. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant and postpartum women who obtained high scores on a PRA scale during pregnancy in a larger quantitative study were contacted to participate in an interview (10 women, aged 18-34 years; 3 HIV positive)...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770342/subconstructs-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-multi-ethnic-inner-city-population-in-the-u-s
#3
Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Perry E Sheffield, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Jonathan Goldstein, Paul C Curtin, Rosalind J Wright
The ten-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is one of the most widely used self-report measures of postpartum depression. Although originally described as a one-dimensional measure, the recognition that depressive symptoms may be differentially experienced across cultural and racial/ethnic groups has led to studies examining structural equivalence of the EPDS in different populations. Variation of the factor structure remains understudied across racial/ethnic groups of US women. We examined the factor structure of the EPDS assessed 6 months postpartum in 515 women (29% black, 53% Hispanic, 18% white) enrolled in an urban Boston longitudinal birth cohort...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766092/facilitators-and-barriers-to-disclosure-of-postpartum-mood-disorder-symptoms-to-a-healthcare-provider
#4
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Sarah L Desmarais
Objectives This study explored perceived barriers and facilitators to disclosure of postpartum mood disorder (PPMD) symptoms to healthcare professionals among a community-based sample. Methods A sample of predominantly white, middle class, partnered, adult women from an urban area in the southeast United States (n = 211) within 3 years postpartum participated in an online survey including the Perceived Barriers to Treatment Scale, the Maternity Social Support Scale, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21, and items querying PPMD disclosure...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755039/differential-predictors-of-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-hebrew-version-two-factor-structure-construct-validity
#5
Rena Bina, Donna Harrington
Objectives Postpartum anxiety (PPA) is as prevalent and disruptive as postpartum depression (PPD), although less commonly addressed. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), originally created to screen for PPD, was found to include anxiety and depression subscales. This study examined the construct validity of the EPDS PPD and PPA subscales by examining differential predictors of both in a structural regression model. Methods Women (n = 969) were recruited from a maternity ward in Jerusalem, Israel and completed a demographic survey; 715 (74%) women were screened for PPD and PPA at 6 weeks postpartum using the EPDS...
July 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749705/associations-between-postpartum-depression-breastfeeding-and-oxytocin-levels-in-latina-mothers
#6
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Kathryn McKenney, Arianna Di Florio, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD), often comorbid with anxiety, is the leading medical complication among new mothers. Latinas have elevated risk of PPD, which has been associated with early breastfeeding cessation. Lower plasma oxytocin (OT) levels have also been associated with PPD in non-Latinas. This pilot study explores associations between PPD, anxiety, breastfeeding, and OT in Latinas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four Latinas were enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and followed through 8 weeks postpartum...
July 27, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748744/prevalence-incidence-and-persistence-of-postpartum-depression-anxiety-and-comorbidity-among-chinese-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-women-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Kenneth Fung, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to examine the prevalence and incidence of postpartum depressive, anxiety, and comorbid symptoms over the first postpartum year; the persistence of these symptoms; and the prevalence stratified by immigration status. METHOD: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in Ontario, Canada. Participants were 571 Chinese recent immigrant, nonrecent immigrant, and Canadian-born women with live births in 2011 to 2014. Participants were assessed at 4, 12, and 52 weeks postpartum for the presence of possible and high depressive symptomatology (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale [EPDS] >9 and >12, respectively), anxiety symptomatology (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI] >40), and comorbid symptomatology (EPDS >9 and STAI >40)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738869/maternal-depression-in-syrian-refugee-women-recently-moved-to-canada-a-preliminary-study
#8
Asma Ahmed, Angela Bowen, Cindy Xin Feng
BACKGROUND: Refugee women are almost five times more likely to develop postpartum depression than Canadian-born women. This can be attributed to various difficulties they faced before coming to Canada as well as during resettlement. Moreover, refugee women usually face many obstacles when accessing health services, including language and cultural barriers, as well as unique help-seeking behaviors that are influenced by various cultural and practical factors. There has been a recent, rapid influx of Syrian refugees to Canada, and many of them are childbearing women...
July 24, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737195/-maternal-postnatal-depression-and-its-impact-on-child-neurodevelopment-a-cohort-study
#9
Gabriel González, Mario Moraes, Claudio Sosa, Eleuterio Umpierrez, María Duarte, José Cal, Andrea Ghione
Post partum depresion (DPP) is the most frequent psquiatric disorder in pregnant woman and it may affect the neurodevelopment of their offspring. Our goal was to analyze the association between maternal depressive symptoms at 6 months after birth and child’s neurodevelopmental disorders at 18 months-old, in a homogeneous population characterized by low socioeconomic and cultural level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. There were included 127 healthy postpartum women and their infants...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#10
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724023/-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-anxiety-and-interference-in-the-mother-child-relationship-based-on-a-prenatal-cohort-an-approach-with-structural-equations-modeling
#11
Adriana Oliveira Dias de Sousa Morais, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Lívia Dos Santos Rodrigues, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Zeni Carvalho Lamy, Carolina Abreu de Carvalho, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro
This study aimed to investigate the association between maternal depressive symptoms and anxiety and interference in the mother/child relationship, using structural equations modeling. Data were used from a prospective cohort study initiated during the prenatal period with 1,140 mothers in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. Data were collected during prenatal care and when the children reached two years of age. Interference in the mother/child relationship was measured with the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire - PBQ (N = 1,140)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720232/meta-analysis-of-the-predictive-factors-of-postpartum-fatigue
#12
Hanan A Badr, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
PURPOSE: Nearly 64% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making it the most common problem that a woman faces as she adapts to motherhood. Postpartum fatigue can lead to serious negative effects on the mother's health and the newborn's development and interfere with mother-infant interaction. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify predictive factors of postpartum fatigue and to document the magnitude of their effects using effect sizes. METHOD: We used two search engines, PubMed and Google Scholar, to identify studies that met three inclusion criteria: (a) the article was written in English, (b) the article studied the predictive factors of postpartum fatigue, and (c) the article included information about the validity and reliability of the instruments used in the research...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709025/adult-attachment-s-unique-contribution-in-the-prediction-of-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-beyond-personality-traits
#13
Cathrine Axfors, Sara Sylvén, Mia Ramklint, Alkistis Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: Personality traits such as neuroticism can help identify pregnant women at risk of postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS). However, it is unclear whether attachment style could have an additional contribution to this risk elevation. This study aimed to examine the overlap of adult attachment insecurity and neuroticism/trait anxiety as PPDS predictors, taking into account baseline depressive symptoms. METHODS: A Swedish population-based sample of pregnant women reported on adult attachment and either neuroticism (n = 1063) or trait anxiety (n = 555)...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#14
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699248/phenotypical-characteristics-of-postpartum-psychosis-a-clinical-cohort-study
#15
Astrid M Kamperman, Marian J Veldman-Hoek, Richard Wesseloo, Emma Robertson Blackmore, Veerle Bergink
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum psychosis (PP) is known for its clear onset but its phenotype has never been clearly described in a cohort. The aim of this study was to describe PP symptomatology, and to identify subgroups of patients based on symptom profiles. METHODS: We prospectively assessed a wide range of symptoms in cases of PP in a cohort of women (N=130) admitted to the Mother-Baby inpatient unit. Using a person-centered analytic approach, we distinguished mutually exclusive subgroups of women...
July 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683833/effectiveness-of-skin-to-skin-contact-versus-care-as-usual-in-mothers-and-their-full-term-infants-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kelly H M Cooijmans, Roseriet Beijers, Anne C Rovers, Carolina de Weerth
BACKGROUND: Twenty-to-forty percent of women experience postpartum depressive symptoms, which can affect both the mother and infant. In preterm infants, daily skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between the mother and her infant has been shown to decrease maternal postpartum depressive symptoms. In full-term infants, only two studies investigated SSC effects on maternal depressive symptoms and found similar results. Research in preterm infants also showed that SSC improves other mental and physical health outcomes of the mother and the infant, and improves the quality of mother-infant relationship...
July 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667832/effect-of-previous-posttraumatic-stress-in-the-perinatal-period
#17
Pamela A Geller, Emily C Stasko
OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature on the effect of traumatic experiences that pre-date conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period (perinatal period) and present a thematic overview of current issues in this relatively new area of inquiry. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases CINAHL, PsychINFO, and PubMed were searched. Manual searches of bibliographies supplemented the electronic search. STUDY SELECTION: Peer-reviewed articles written in English on the role of posttraumatic stress disorder during the perinatal period were included...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654849/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-ptss-4-6-weeks-and-6-months-after-birth-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#18
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors that precipitate and maintain post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after birth is important to inform clinical and research practice; yet, prospective longitudinal studies on the predictors of PTSS are limited. This study aimed to determine the pregnancy and postpartum factors associated with PTSS at 4-6 weeks and 6-months postpartum. METHOD: A systematic sample of 950 pregnant women were recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653359/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-content-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period-a-prospective-observational-descriptive-study
#19
F Vial, N Hime, J Feugeas, N Thilly, P Guerci, H Bouaziz
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in pregnant women undergoing general anesthesia or sedation/analgesia in the peripartum period is a feared complication in obstetric anesthesia. We assessed the changes in antral cross-sectional area (CSA) with ultrasonography in laboring women and in the immediate postpartum period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In an observational study in a university-affiliated maternity, gastric ultrasonography examinations were performed in non-consecutive laboring women, after epidural analgesia insertion and after childbirth...
June 26, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651086/age-at-first-febrile-seizure-correlates-with-perinatal-maternal-emotional-symptoms
#20
Fanny Thébault-Dagher, Catherine M Herba, Jean R Séguin, Gina Muckle, Sonia J Lupien, Lionel Carmant, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gabriel D Shapiro, William D Fraser, Sarah Lippé
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to stress and fever are factors lowering seizure threshold in animal models. The fever effect on seizure threshold is well documented in human infants, however the associations between maternal perinatal stress and infants' susceptibility to seizures is unknown. This is the first study in humans to investigate longitudinally, whether in humans, the effect of maternal perinatal emotional symptoms such as stress, anxiety and depression that may trigger a biological stress response on age at first seizure occurrence...
June 10, 2017: Epilepsy Research
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