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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531302/effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-pregnant-and-newly-postpartum-women
#1
Ivori Zvorsky, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Financial incentives for smoking cessation increase smoking abstinence and decrease Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores among depression-prone pregnant and postpartum women. The present study is a secondary analysis using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to examine whether this treatment impacts a broader array of mood and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Participants (N = 253) were pregnant cigarette smokers who participated in four controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of financial incentives for smoking cessation...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528143/intergenerational-accumulation-of-impairments-in-maternal-behavior-following-postnatal-social-stress
#2
B C Nephew, L M Carini, S Sallah, C Cotino, R A S Alyamani, F Pittet, S Bradburn, C Murgatroyd
Early adversity such as depressed maternal care can have long-term physiological and behavioral effects on offspring and future generations. Exposure to chronic social stress (CSS), an ethologically model of postpartum depression and anxiety, during lactation impairs maternal care and exerts similar effects on the F1 dam offspring of the stressed F0 dams. These changes associate with increased corticosterone and neuroendocrine alterations. CSS F2 offspring further display decreased social behavior as juveniles and adults and decreased basal levels of corticosterone...
May 13, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525732/predictors-of-recovery-from-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-a-longitudinal-study-from-childbirth-to-6-years
#3
Radhika Shankar, Rinette Badker, Ursula Brain, Tim F Oberlander, Shaila Misri
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively examined maternal biopsychosocial predictors of recovery from comorbid depression and anxiety from 25 weeks' gestation to 6 years postbirth. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of 1) maternal factors and 2) the child's behaviours and physical health on the course of the mother's depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: Eighty-six women diagnosed with antenatal depression/anxiety were recruited through the Reproductive Mental Health Program and family practices in Vancouver...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506679/a-scoping-review-of-the-mental-health-of-parents-of-infants-in-the-nicu
#4
REVIEW
Ariane Thaise Frello Roque, Gerri C Lasiuk, Vera Radünz, Kathleen Hegadoren
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize evidence regarding the mental health of parents of infants in the NICU. DATA SOURCES: Thirteen electronic databases were searched in October 2014 using the following terms individually and in combination: postpartum woman, mother, NICU, preterm birth, depression, anxiety, acute stress disorder (ASD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and parental stress. STUDY SELECTION: We examined the published research regarding the experiences of parents who have infants admitted to the NICU, the mental health problems that parents may develop, the tools that have been used to identify such problems, and factors related to parental mental health...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501681/postnatal-paternal-involvement-and-maternal-emotional-disturbances-the-effect-of-maternal-employment-status
#5
Wan-Chien Lin, Shin-Yow Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsin-Chien Lee, Yi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have begun emphasizing paternal involvement during the perinatal period and its impact on maternal health. However, most studies have assessed maternal perception and focused on adolescents or minority groups in Western countries. Therefore, the current study investigated the association between paternal involvement and maternal postnatal depression and anxiety, along with the effects of maternal job status in the Asian society of Taiwan. METHODS: This study recruited pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy as well as their partners on prenatal visits from July 2011 to September 2013 at four selected hospitals in metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497035/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-married-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-danang-city-vietnam
#6
Thang Van Vo, Thi Kim Duong Hoa, Tuyen Dinh Hoang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) among women is a common mental health concern. It occurs at a time of major life change, coupled with the increased responsibilities associated with the care of a newborn infant. In Vietnam, the prevalence of depressive symptoms after giving birth has not been fully investigated. Research in the Northern provinces, in Ho Chi Minh City, and in Hue suggests postnatal depressive symptoms among women are common. This research aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of PPD symptoms among married women in one Vietnam city (Danang) and (2) identify the social and personal factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496555/effect-of-acupressure-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-anxiety-and-previous-depression-a-preliminary-study
#7
Shunji Suzuki, Chiharu Tobe
BACKGROUND: In this preliminary study, we examined the effect of acupressure, acupuncture and moxibustion (oriental treatments) to prevent of the relapse/deterioration of perinatal depression in women with pregnancy-related anxiety and previous depression. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2014 and 2016, there were 48 women with pregnancy-related anxiety and previous depression who had delivery at ≥ 22 weeks' gestation in our institute. Of these, oriental treatments were performed in eight and two women (totally 10, 21%) during pregnancy and postpartum, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496552/screening-for-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-at-a-japanese-perinatal-center
#8
Shunji Suzuki, Masako Eto
BACKGROUND: We examined the current status of depressive and anxiety symptoms in Japanese women during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: We asked 220 Japanese women who gave birth to singleton babies at term to answer the two self-administered questionnaires (Whooley's two questions and two-item generalized anxiety disorder scale) at first, second and third trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery. RESULTS: The rates of women with depressive symptoms were common during the first trimester of pregnancy (25%) and the postpartum (17%), while the women with anxiety symptoms were common during the first trimester of pregnancy (36%)...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492147/female-sexual-dysfunction-in-the-late-postpartum-period-among-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Mehmet Akif Sargin, Murat Yassa, Bilge Dogan Taymur, Bulent Taymur, Gizem Akca, Niyazi Tug
OBJECTIVE: To compare the status of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) between women with a history of previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and those with follow-up of a healthy pregnancy, using the female sexual function index (FSFI) questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, from September to December 2015...
April 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480551/detecting-antepartum-and-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-disorders-in-immigrant-women-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Robyn L R Playfair, Bukola Salami, Kathy Hegadoren
A scoping review of the literature was conducted to compile existing evidence and identify gaps on detection methods and practices of antepartum and postpartum anxiety and depression symptoms and disorders in immigrant women. With the assistance of a health science librarian, four databases were searched between January and March 2016. Thirteen articles met the inclusion criteria and their findings were compiled using numerical summary and thematic analysis. No articles specifically addressing the screening of anxiety disorders or symptoms in antepartum or postpartum immigrant women were found...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476427/clinical-phenotypes-of-perinatal-depression-and-time-of-symptom-onset-analysis-of-data-from-an-international-consortium
#11
Karen T Putnam, Marsha Wilcox, Emma Robertson-Blackmore, Katherine Sharkey, Veerle Bergink, Trine Munk-Olsen, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Jennifer Payne, Margaret Altemus, Jeffrey Newport, Gisele Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Alexander Viktorin, Patrik Magnusson, Brenda Penninx, Anne Buist, Justin Bilszta, Michael O'Hara, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Brock, Sabine Roza, Henning Tiemeier, Constance Guille, C Neill Epperson, Deborah Kim, Peter Schmidt, Pedro Martinez, Arianna Di Florio, Katherine L Wisner, Zachary Stowe, Ian Jones, Patrick F Sullivan, David Rubinow, Kevin Wildenhaus, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period is a time of high risk for onset of depressive disorders and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, including maternal suicide. Perinatal depression comprises a heterogeneous group of clinical subtypes, and further refinement is needed to improve treatment outcomes. We sought to empirically identify and describe clinically relevant phenotypic subtypes of perinatal depression, and further characterise subtypes by time of symptom onset within pregnancy and three post-partum periods...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465800/the-role-of-fear-of-childbirth-in-pregnancy-related-anxiety-in-iranian-women-a-qualitative-research
#13
Katayoun Arfaie, Fatemeh Nahidi, Masoumeh Simbar, Maryam Bakhtiari
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety disorders have severe complications for a mother and her developing baby. A few studies have focused on pregnancy related anxiety and its risk factors including fear of childbirth. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore components and dimensions of this kind of anxiety. METHODS: This qualitative study (conventional content analysis) was conducted with mothers who referred to health care centers from May to December, 2015. In order to collect data, purposive sampling and face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews were used...
February 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455276/therapist-supported-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-stress-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-postpartum-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Ying Lau, Tha Pyai Htun, Suei Nee Wong, Wai San Wilson Tam, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas
BACKGROUND: A growing number of meta-analyses have supported the application of therapist-supported Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for psychological disorders across different populations, but relatively few meta-analyses have concentrated on postpartum women. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of therapist-supported iCBT in improving stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among postpartum women. METHODS: A total of 10 electronic databases were used to search for published and unpublished trials...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451072/screening-for-birth-related-ptsd-psychometric-properties-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale-in-postpartum-women-in-turkey
#15
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
Background: Evidence suggests that 4% of women develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth, with a potentially negative impact on women and families. Detection of postpartum PTSD is essential but few measures have been validated in this population. Objective: This study aimed to examine psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to screen for birth-related PTSD among postpartum women and identify factorial structure of PTSD after birth. Method: PDS was administered to 829 postpartum women recruited from three maternity hospitals in Turkey...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445426/the-effects-of-magnesium-supplementation-on-subjective-anxiety-and-stress-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Neil Bernard Boyle, Clare Lawton, Louise Dye
BACKGROUND: Anxiety related conditions are the most common affective disorders present in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of over 15%. Magnesium (Mg) status is associated with subjective anxiety, leading to the proposition that Mg supplementation may attenuate anxiety symptoms. This systematic review examines the available evidence for the efficacy of Mg supplementation in the alleviation of subjective measures of anxiety and stress. METHODS: A systematic search of interventions with Mg alone or in combination (up to 5 additional ingredients) was performed in May 2016...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435979/oxytocin-system-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders-old-concept-new-insights
#17
Afzal Misrani, Sidra Tabassum, Cheng Long
Oxytocin (OXT) is a neuropeptide that plays a pivotal role among species peripherally and centrally. It recently has attracted much attention for its involvement in anxiety-related behavior, stress regulation, social behavior and various neuropsychiatric disorders. OXT is one of the important mediators of emotional and social behaviors such as maternal behavior, fear extinction, social support, happiness, and trust. It is also involved in learning and memory process. The recent progresses in OXT system have put this neuropeptide as an important psychotherapeutic intervention for various psychiatric disorders such as stress, anxiety disorders, social phobia, postpartum depression, bipolar disorder, autism, and schizophrenia...
April 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414017/the-prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-co-morbid-anxiety-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#18
K Falah-Hassani, R Shiri, C-L Dennis
To date, the precise prevalence of co-morbidity of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period is not well known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid anxiety and depression in the antenatal and postnatal periods. Systematic searches of multiple electronic databases were conducted for studies published between January 1950 and January 2016. We included 66 (24 published and 42 unpublished) studies incorporating 162 120 women from 30 countries. Prevalence of self-reported antenatal anxiety symptoms and mild to severe depressive symptoms was 9...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406660/maternal-pre-and-postnatal-mental-health-and-infant-development-in-war-conditions-the-gaza-infant-study
#19
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Saija Kuittinen, Samir R Qouta
OBJECTIVE: Women and their infants need special protection in war context, as traumatic events can risk maternal mental and obstetric health and compromise infant development. This prospective study examined, first, how exposure to war trauma is associated with maternal mental health in pregnancy and postpartum, obstetric and newborn health, and infant development. Second, it tested the role of maternal mental health and obstetric risks in mediating between war trauma and infant development...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402697/the-prenatal-distress-measure-adaptation-of-the-postpartum-distress-measure-for-a-prenatal-sample
#20
Niela M Hirsch, Randy Fingerhut, Kelly C Allison
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a significant transition period for women that can be markedly stressful. The presence of elevated depressed mood and anxiety during pregnancy places mothers, fetuses, and neonates at greater risk for developing biological and psychological difficulties. It appears that no general measures of distress currently exist that can be used to screen for both prenatal anxiety and mood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores the applicability of postpartum distress measure (PDM), a validated general distress postpartum screening tool, in a prenatal sample...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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