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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414017/the-prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-co-morbid-anxiety-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#1
K Falah-Hassani, R Shiri, C-L Dennis
To date, the precise prevalence of co-morbidity of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period is not well known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid anxiety and depression in the antenatal and postnatal periods. Systematic searches of multiple electronic databases were conducted for studies published between January 1950 and January 2016. We included 66 (24 published and 42 unpublished) studies incorporating 162 120 women from 30 countries. Prevalence of self-reported antenatal anxiety symptoms and mild to severe depressive symptoms was 9...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406660/maternal-pre-and-postnatal-mental-health-and-infant-development-in-war-conditions-the-gaza-infant-study
#2
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Saija Kuittinen, Samir R Qouta
OBJECTIVE: Women and their infants need special protection in war context, as traumatic events can risk maternal mental and obstetric health and compromise infant development. This prospective study examined, first, how exposure to war trauma is associated with maternal mental health in pregnancy and postpartum, obstetric and newborn health, and infant development. Second, it tested the role of maternal mental health and obstetric risks in mediating between war trauma and infant development...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402697/the-prenatal-distress-measure-adaptation-of-the-postpartum-distress-measure-for-a-prenatal-sample
#3
Niela M Hirsch, Randy Fingerhut, Kelly C Allison
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a significant transition period for women that can be markedly stressful. The presence of elevated depressed mood and anxiety during pregnancy places mothers, fetuses, and neonates at greater risk for developing biological and psychological difficulties. It appears that no general measures of distress currently exist that can be used to screen for both prenatal anxiety and mood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores the applicability of postpartum distress measure (PDM), a validated general distress postpartum screening tool, in a prenatal sample...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399458/the-role-of-maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-psychopathological-symptoms-for-early-infant-diseases-and-drug-administration
#4
Linda Krause, Franziska Einsle, Johanna Petzoldt, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health prior to and during pregnancy has been shown to be associated with inflammatory diseases and gastrointestinal complaints in the offspring. Unfortunately, many studies merely focused on perinatal distress without consideration of lifetime anxiety and depressive disorders. AIMS: To prospectively investigate associations of anxiety and depressive disorders prior to and during pregnancy as well as perinatal distress with infants' inflammatory diseases, gastrointestinal complaints and corresponding drug administration...
April 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395209/maternal-depression-and-personality-traits-in-association-with-child-neuropsychological-and-behavioral-development-in-preschool-years-mother-child-cohort-rhea-study-in-crete-greece
#5
Katerina Koutra, Theano Roumeliotaki, Andriani Kyriklaki, Mariza Kampouri, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND: Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHOD: Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395200/women-s-intentions-of-informal-and-formal-help-seeking-for-mental-health-problems-during-the-perinatal-period-the-role-of-perceived-encouragement-from-the-partner
#6
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVES: this study aimed to examine the relationship between women's intentions to seek informal help and to seek professional help and to explore the indirect effects of women's perceived encouragement to seek professional help from their male partner. Moreover, this study aimed to examine if these relationships vary as function of the presence of higher levels of perinatal distress. DESIGN: cross-sectional internet survey. SETTING: participants were recruited through advertisements published in pamphlets and posted on social media websites (e...
April 5, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358808/interventions-to-treat-mental-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-multiple-treatment-meta-analysis
#7
Leontien M van Ravesteyn, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Astrid M Kamperman
BACKGROUND: For women suffering from an antepartum mental disorder (AMD), there is lack of evidence-based treatment algorithms due to the complicated risk-benefit analysis for both mother and unborn child. We aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to treat AMD and performed a meta-analysis of the estimated treatment effect on the psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: MedLine, PsycINFO and Embase databases were searched by two independent reviewers for clinical trials with a control condition on treatment of women with AMD, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351282/do-mothers-with-high-sodium-levels-in-their-breast-milk-have-high-depression-and-anxiety-scores
#8
Burcu Serim Demirgoren, Aylin Ozbek, Murat Ormen, Canem Kavurma, Esra Ozer, Adem Aydın
Objective This study aimed to assess the possible association of high breast milk sodium levels with postpartum depression and anxiety. Methods A total of 150 mothers and their healthy, exclusively breastfed newborns aged 8 to 15 days were recruited. Mothers were asked to complete scales for evaluation of postnatal depression and anxiety following an interview for consent and sociodemographic data collection. Breast milk samples were obtained to measure sodium and potassium (K) levels. Results Forty-nine mothers had higher than expected breast milk Na concentrations and a high Na/K ratio...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334033/a-qualitative-study-mothers-of-late-preterm-infants-relate-their-experiences-of-community-based-care
#9
Shahirose S Premji, Genevieve Currie, Sandra Reilly, Aliyah Dosani, Lynnette May Oliver, Abhay K Lodha, Marilyn Young
PURPOSE: In Alberta, the high occurrence of late preterm infants and early hospital discharge of mother-infant dyads has implications for postpartum care in the community. Shortened hospital stay and complexities surrounding the care of biologically and developmentally immature late preterm infants heighten anxiety and fears. Our descriptive phenomenological study explores mothers' experience of caring for their late preterm infants in the community. METHODS: Eleven mothers were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319692/development-and-properties-of-a-brief-scale-to-assess-intimate-partner-relationship-in-the-postnatal-period
#10
Karen Wynter, Thach Duc Tran, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Poor quality intimate partner relationship is associated with postnatal depression and anxiety among women. Existing scales assessing the quality of this relationship are long and measure stable aspects of the relationship rather than specific behaviours which may respond to targeted interventions. The aim was to develop and investigate the properties of a brief, life stage-specific scale to assess potentially modifiable partner behaviours in the postpartum period. METHODS: Participants were primiparous women from diverse geographical and socio-economic backgrounds in Victoria, Australia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282596/childhood-maltreatment-postnatal-distress-and-the-protective-role-of-social-support
#11
K Schury, J Zimmermann, M Umlauft, A L Hulbert, H Guendel, U Ziegenhain, I-T Kolassa
The postpartum period is a vulnerable period for women with a history of childhood maltreatment. This study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment and postnatal distress three months postpartum and examined the role of social support provided by different sources (intimate partner, parents, parents-in-law, and friends). Analyses are based on N=66 women, who were screened for maltreatment experiences shortly after parturition with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Their levels of postnatal distress (symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress; assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the 4-Item version of the Perceived Stress Scale) and postpartum social support (measured with the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire) were assessed three months postpartum...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278440/lower-allopregnanolone-during-pregnancy-predicts-postpartum-depression-an-exploratory-study
#12
Lauren M Osborne, Fiona Gispen, Abanti Sanyal, Gayane Yenokyan, Samantha Meilman, Jennifer L Payne
Current evidence is mixed on the role of progesterone and its metabolites in perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. We measured second and third trimester (T2 and T3) progesterone (PROG) and allopregnanolone (ALLO) levels by ELISA and postpartum depression (PPD) by clinician interview (DSM-IV criteria) in 60 pregnant women with a prior diagnosis of a mood disorder. Methods included multivariate and logistic regression with general linear mixed effect models. We found that, after adjustment, every additional ng/mL of T2 ALLO resulted in a 63% (95% CI 13% to 84%, p=0...
February 16, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274659/anxiety-and-neural-responses-to-infant-and-adult-faces-during-pregnancy
#13
Helena J V Rutherford, Simon P Byrne, Grace M Austin, Jonathan D Lee, Michael J Crowley, Linda C Mayes
Women are vulnerable to anxiety during pregnancy and postpartum. However, little is known about antenatal anxiety and neural processing of infant-relevant information. In this experiment, the N170, P300, and LPP (late positive potential) event-related potentials were measured from 43 pregnant women as they viewed infant and adult faces, which were either neutral or distressed in expression. Mother's self-reported anxiety levels were also assessed. The N170 was comparable across face conditions and was not associated with anxiety...
March 6, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258970/cohort-study-of-the-depression-anxiety-and-anhedonia-components-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-after-delivery
#14
Vincenzo Zanardo, Lara Giliberti, Francesca Volpe, Matteo Parotto, Federico de Luca, Gianluca Straface
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the applicability of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for identifying depressive symptoms following vaginal or cesarean delivery. METHODS: The present observational study included consecutive Italian-speaking women who underwent vaginal or cesarean deliveries of uncomplicated singleton pregnancies at term at Policlinico Abano Terme, Abano Terme, Italy, between February 1, 2014, and May 31, 2015, who completed the EPDS 2 days after delivery...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243407/the-relationship-between-psychological-factors-and-maternal-social-support-to-breastfeeding-process
#15
Mitra Jalal, Mahrokh Dolatian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Roqayeh Aliyari
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth is a stressful factor that can trigger disorders such as depression in women. The various problems characteristic to the puerperal period make mothers more prone than ever to stress, anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between psychological factors and social support and breastfeeding process in mothers presenting to healthcare centers in Shahrood, Iran. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 465 mothers with infants aged one to six months, presenting to Shahrood healthcare centers in 2015-16...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221055/psychometric-properties-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-questionnaire-iv-gad-q-iv-in-postpartum-mothers
#16
Mark E Pierson, Jason M Prenoveau, Michelle G Craske, Elena Netsi, Alan Stein
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental disorder of which the main feature is persistent and impairing worry. GAD symptoms are common for women during the postpartum period and GAD prevalence rates have been reported as higher in postpartum mothers than in the general population. Currently, little psychometric evidence exists for a screening measure to detect the possible presence of diagnosable GAD for postpartum women. The purpose of this investigation was to gather psychometric information for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV (GAD-Q-IV; Newman et al...
February 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219028/identifying-women-at-risk-for-sustained-postpartum-anxiety
#17
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Flavia Casasanta Marini, Simone N Vigod
INTRODUCTION: To describe the prevalence of sustained postpartum anxiety and to develop a multifactorial predictive model to assist in targeted screening procedures. METHODS: In a population-based cohort in a health region near Vancouver, Canada, 522 mothers completed a mailed questionnaire at 1, 4, and 8 weeks postpartum measuring socio-demographic, biological, pregnancy-related, life stressor, social support, obstetric, and maternal adjustment factors. We undertook a sequential logistic regression analysis to develop a multifactorial predictive model of sustained postpartum anxiety, as measured by a State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) score >40 at 1 week and/or 4 weeks, and 8 weeks postpartum...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#18
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197749/the-effect-of-life-style-based-education-on-the-fathers-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-periods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Fovzieh Sanaati
Due to the harmful effects of prenatal and postnatal anxiety and depression on fathers, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of lifestyle-based training on paternal depression and anxiety (primary outcomes) during the prenatal and postnatal periods. This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 126 spouses of pregnant women with gestational ages of 24-28 weeks. They were followed up until 6 weeks after childbirth. Using the block randomization method and stratified based on the number of children, the eligible samples were divided into two groups (one receiving two weekly group lifestyle-based training session (lasting 60-90 min) and a control group)...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191350/psychological-distress-in-healthy-low-risk-first-time-mothers-during-the-postpartum-period-an-exploratory-study
#20
Christina Murphey, Patricia Carter, Larry R Price, Jane Dimmitt Champion, Francine Nichols
Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) as an intervention for reducing psychological distress...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
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