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postpartum anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936752/postpartum-specific-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-infant-feeding-outcomes-and-perceptions-of-infant-feeding-behaviours-new-evidence-for-childbearing-specific-measures-of-mood
#1
Victoria Fallon, Jason Christian Grovenor Halford, Kate Mary Bennett, Joanne Allison Harrold
Studies of pregnancy-specific anxiety suggest that it is a distinct construct which predicts perinatal outcomes more effectively than other general measures of anxiety. In response, a novel measure of postpartum-specific anxiety (PSAS) has been developed and validated, but it is not yet clear whether it possesses the same predictive power as its pregnancy-specific counterparts. The aim of this short-term prospective study was to (a) test the predictive validity of the PSAS in the context of one specific perinatal outcome, infant-feeding, and (b) examine whether the PSAS may be more efficacious at predicting infant-feeding outcomes and behaviours than the more commonly used general measures...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935390/ask-the-question-screening-for-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#2
Stacy Kurtz, Jack Levine, Marcy Safyer
Postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) are a significant source of toxic stress for young children and can disrupt developing brain architecture resulting in long-lasting deleterious effects. Thus, screening for PMADs must be considered as an essential task of a pediatric primary care provider (PCP) and the pediatric medical home. Problems in parenting capacity in mothers with PMADs can lead to disorders in attachment and a range of other emotional and developmental challenges for a young child. Therefore, all PCP office visits with mothers should include surveillance as well as formal screening at regular, pre-determined intervals...
September 18, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932997/the-parental-bonds-of-adolescent-girls-and-next-generation-maternal-infant-bonding-findings-from-the-victorian-intergenerational-health-cohort-study
#3
Jacqui A Macdonald, George J Youssef, Lisa Phillips, Elizabeth Spry, Yvette Alway, George C Patton, Craig A Olsson
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which adolescent bonding problems with parents predict next-generation maternal-infant bonding problems at 2 and 12 months postpartum. Data were from a two-generation prospective cohort study of 1026 offspring (3 perinatal waves) born to participants of a two-decade (10-wave) study of 1943 adolescents. Dyads in this analysis were 395 mothers (29-36 years) of 606 offspring (305 female). At 16 years, we assessed adolescents' perceptions of their mother's and father's care and control, separately and in combination...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#4
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#5
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916453/making-the-legal-and-ethical-case-for-universal-screening-for-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#6
Amy Lewis Gilbert, Casey Balio, Nerissa S Bauer
Postpartum depression (PPD), part of a larger spectrum of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, affects up to 15% of women following the birth of an infant. Fathers may also be affected. PPD not only affects caregivers, but also impacts infants through mechanisms such as inadequate caregiver-infant interactions and non-adherence to safety practices. The negative impact on infants may extend across the life course through adulthood. This article seeks to move the needle toward universal screening for PPD using validated tools in pediatric primary care settings for new caregivers by making the legal and ethical case for this course of action in a manner that is both compelling and accessible for clinicians...
September 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#7
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915162/the-effect-of-perinatal-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-on-adult-mice-behavior
#8
Miski Aghnia Khairinisa, Yusuke Takatsuru, Izuki Amano, Khongorzul Erdene, Takahito Nakajima, Satomi Kameo, Hiroshi Koyama, Yoshito Tsushima, Noriyuki Koibuchi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perinatal exposure to gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents (GBCAs) on the behavior of adulthood offspring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant Balb/C mice (n = 5 per group) were intravenously injected with gadoterate meglumine (Magnescope, macrocyclic GBCA), gadodiamide (Omniscan, linear GBCA), or vehicle from pregnancy day 15 to 19, corresponding to embryonic day 15 to 19 of the fetus, at 2 mmol/kg body weight per day...
September 14, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#9
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#10
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903165/association-of-panic-disorder-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-benzodiazepine-treatment-during-pregnancy-with-risk-of-adverse-birth-outcomes
#11
Kimberly Ann Yonkers, Kathryn Gilstad-Hayden, Ariadna Forray, Heather S Lipkind
Importance: Registry data show that maternal panic disorder, or anxiety disorders in general, increase the risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, diagnoses from registries may be imprecise and may not consider potential confounding factors, such as treatment with medication and maternal substance use. Objective: To determine whether panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in pregnancy, or medications used to treat these conditions, are associated with adverse maternal or neonatal pregnancy outcomes...
September 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882876/post-up-study-postpartum-depression-screening-in-well-child-care-and-maternal-outcomes
#12
Angarath I van der Zee-van den Berg, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman, Riet M E Haasnoot-Smallegange, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum depression often remains unaddressed. Screening in well-child care (WCC) may improve early detection, promote maternal recovery, and reduce effects on child development. We assessed the effectiveness of screening for postpartum depression in WCC compared with care as usual (CAU) on outcomes at mother and child levels. METHODS: In a prospective, quasiexperimental, comparative design, mothers visiting Dutch WCC centers were exposed either to screening at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum (n = 1843) or to CAU (n = 1246)...
September 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878198/endocrine-disruptors-and-pregnancy-knowledge-attitudes-and-prevention-behaviors-of-french-women
#13
Steeve Rouillon, Chloé Deshayes-Morgand, Line Enjalbert, Sylvie Rabouan, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Virginie Migeot, Marion Albouy-Llaty
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) are environmental exposure factors that are rarely reported in clinical practice, particularly during pregnancy. This study aimed to describe women's knowledge, attitudes and behaviors towards EDC exposure. A study was conducted in the French Department of Vienne between 2014 and 2016 and comprised semi-structured interviews with pregnant women, a focus group of professionals in perinatology and environmental health, and the administration of a psychosocial questionnaire comprising scores in 300 pregnant or in postpartum period women...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869923/infant-maternal-and-familial-predictors-and-correlates-of-regulatory-problems-in-early-infancy-the-differential-role-of-infant-temperament-and-maternal-anxiety-and-depression
#14
Julia Martini, Johanna Petzoldt, Susanne Knappe, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, feeding and sleeping problems are likely to emerge from the complex interplay of various factors. AIMS: To investigate the role of infant (e.g., temperament), maternal (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders), and familial (e.g., social support) factors as potential precursors of infant regulatory problems. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective-longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: 286 mother-infant dyads were investigated from early pregnancy until 16 months postpartum via questionnaires and interviews...
September 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846961/prevalence-trends-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-in-japanese-women-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#15
Kenji Takehara, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Keiko Yoshida, Rintaro Mori, Naoko Kakee, Takahiko Kubo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the prevalence trends of pre- and postnatal depression, via measures of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) total and factor scores, from 20 weeks' gestation to 3 months postpartum, stratified by parity, in a Japanese female population. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based study was conducted among perinatal women giving birth at maternity facilities in Setagaya area of Tokyo, Japan. Of the 1775 women who participated, 1311 women met the inclusion criteria of this analysis...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846691/hair-cortisol-levels-psychological-stress-and-psychopathological-symptoms-as-predictors-of-postpartum-depression
#16
Rafael A Caparros-Gonzalez, Borja Romero-Gonzalez, Helen Strivens-Vilchez, Raquel Gonzalez-Perez, Olga Martinez-Augustin, Maria Isabel Peralta-Ramirez
Postpartum depression affects a huge number of women and has detrimental consequences. Knowing the factors associated with postpartum depression during pregnancy can help its prevention. Although there is evidence surrounding behavioral or psychological predictors of postpartum depression, there is a lack of evidence of biological forecasters. The aim of this study was to analyze the sociodemographic, obstetric, and psychological variables along with hair cortisol levels during the first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy that could predict postpartum depression symptoms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832483/clinical-updates-in-women-s-health-care-summary-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-primary-and-preventive-care-review
#17
REVIEW
Lauren M Osborne, Jennifer L Payne
The management of psychiatric disorders in women is complicated by reproductive life cycle events. Psychiatric disorders can be initiated or exacerbated during times of hormonal change (such as menarche, the premenstrual period, the postpartum period, and perimenopause), and during the childbearing years, treatment is complicated by pregnancy and breastfeeding. These issues make determining the appropriate psychiatric medications to use in the treatment of mood and anxiety disorders in women complex. This monograph addresses practical approaches in the provision of thorough and individualized care for women with mood or anxiety disorders...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819907/weight-and-eating-concerns-in-women-s-reproductive-health
#18
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Elizabeth Culnan, Nicole L Stewart, Kelly C Allison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women's weight status affects their reproductive functioning, and, likewise, women's lifetime weight trajectories are influenced by reproductive events. We examine the relationship between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), pregnancy, the postpartum period, and gynecological cancers with weight, body image, and other psychiatric issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with overweight or obesity are at higher risk for PCOS, and the mood and anxiety symptoms often comorbid with PCOS are linked to weight as well as the core symptoms of the disorder...
August 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780475/the-postpartum-partner-support-scale-development-psychometric-assessment-and-predictive-validity-in-a-canadian-prospective-cohort
#19
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: postpartum depression is a significant public health issue with well-documented negative consequences. A strong risk factor that has been consistently identified in international samples is a poor partner relationship. However, no instrument exists to measure postpartum-specific partner support. OBJECTIVES: the objective of this methodological study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to assess the perception of postpartum partner support to guide interventions...
November 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775187/a-qualitative-study-of-pregnancy-related-anxiety-among-women-in-tanzania
#20
Melanie King Rosario, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Elias Charles Nyanza, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, David Este
OBJECTIVES: To explore and understand the experiences and priorities of pregnant women living with fears and worries related to fetal/infant and maternal health, the birthing process and ability to parent the infant (ie, pregnancy-related anxiety (PRA)) in Mwanza, Tanzania. DESIGN: Descriptive phenomenological approach. SETTING: Two clinics in the Ilemela and Nyamagana districts of Mwanza. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant and postpartum women who obtained high scores on a PRA scale during pregnancy in a larger quantitative study were contacted to participate in an interview (10 women, aged 18-34 years; 3 HIV positive)...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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