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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#1
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110974/the-psychoneuroimmunology-of-pregnancy
#2
Morgan L Sherer, Caitlin K Posillico, Jaclyn M Schwarz
Pregnancy is associated with a number of significant changes in maternal physiology. Perhaps one of the more notable changes is the significant alteration in immune function that occurs during pregnancy. This change in immune function is necessary to support a successful pregnancy, but also creates a unique period of life during which a female is susceptible to disease and, as we'll speculate here, may also contribute to mental health disorders associated with pregnancy and the postpartum period. Here, we review the known changes in peripheral immune function that occur during pregnancy and the postpartum period, while highlighting the impact of hormones during these times on immune function, brain or neural function, as well as behavior...
October 27, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107975/trajectories-of-maternal-ante-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-their-association-with-child-and-mother-related-characteristics-in-a-west-african-birth-cohort-study
#3
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Daniel Fordjour, Yasmin Mohammed, Esther Doris Kra-Yao, Carine Esther Bony Kotchi, Ekissi Jean Koffi Armel, Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt, Torsten Feldt, Rebecca Hinz, Koffi Mathurin, Stefanie Schoppen, Carola Bindt, Stephan Ehrhardt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of research on mental health has been undertaken in high income countries. This study aimed at investigating the long-term course of maternal depressive symptoms and its association with various mother- and child-related characteristics in two West African lower middle income countries with focus on the relationship with long-term anxiety symptoms. METHODS: In the Child Development Study, a prospective birth cohort study in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was answered by N = 776 women 3 months antepartum, and 3, 12, and 24 months postpartum between April 2010 and March 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105008/impact-of-postpartum-mental-illness-upon-infant-development
#4
REVIEW
Casey Hoffman, Dena M Dunn, Wanjiku F M Njoroge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the state of the research regarding the effects of postpartum mental illness on the developing infant. It defines the scope of these disorders in the literature, and includes the impact of disorders referred to as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) on infants. RECENT FINDINGS: New research reveals that PMADs apply to not only mothers, but that fathers can also experience perinatal depression and anxiety. When untreated in a primary caregiver, PMADs adversely affect parental cognitions and beliefs, attachment to the infant, and the growing caregiver-infant relationship...
November 6, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103314/using-the-epds-to-identify-anxiety-in-mothers-of-infants-on-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Sara M Stasik-O'Brien, Jennifer E McCabe-Beane, Lisa S Segre
Despite the prevalence of postpartum depression and anxiety, current screening recommendations are limited to depression symptoms. Screening using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale (EPDS-A) may enhance ability to detect distress in postpartum women. We aimed to replicate the EPDS-A in 200 mothers with infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and examine its incremental utility in identifying emotional distress. Presence of the EPDS-A was identified using exploratory factor analysis...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076272/human-milk-cortisol-concentration-predicts-experimentally-induced-infant-fear-reactivity-moderation-by-infant-sex
#6
Saara Nolvi, Henna-Maria Uusitupa, David J Bridgett, Henri Pesonen, Anna-Katariina Aatsinki, Eeva-Leena Kataja, Riikka Korja, Hasse Karlsson, Linnea Karlsson
Little consideration has been given to the possibility of human infant development being shaped via lactocrine programming, and by breast milk cortisol levels specifically. Despite animal models indicating that glucocorticoid (GC) exposure via lactation might modify brain development and behavior, only one study has reported that milk cortisol levels were positively associated with infant negative affectivity, especially fearfulness and sadness-early emerging risk factors for internalizing difficulties such as anxiety...
October 27, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075574/perinatal-western-type-diet-and-associated-gestational-weight-gain-alter-postpartum-maternal-mood
#7
Jessica L Bolton, Melanie G Wiley, Bailey Ryan, Samantha Truong, Melva Strait, Dana Creighton Baker, Nancy Y Yang, Olga Ilkayeva, Thomas M O'Connell, Shelley W Wroth, Cristina L Sánchez, Geeta Swamy, Christopher Newgard, Cynthia Kuhn, Staci D Bilbo, Leigh Ann Simmons
INTRODUCTION: The role of perinatal diet in postpartum maternal mood disorders, including depression and anxiety, remains unclear. We investigated whether perinatal consumption of a Western-type diet (high in fat and branched-chain amino acids [BCAA]) and associated gestational weight gain (GWG) cause serotonin dysregulation in the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in postpartum depression and anxiety (PPD/A). METHODS: Mouse dams were fed one of four diets (high-fat/high BCAA, low-fat/high BCAA, high-fat, and low-fat) prior to mating and throughout gestation and lactation...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074097/behavioral-effects-of-early-life-maternal-trauma-witness-in-rats
#8
Hesong Liu, Gaurav Patki, Ankita Salvi, Matthew Kelly, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Earlier, we have reported that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like behaviors developed in rats that witnessed their cage mates undergo repeated traumatic stress. More recently, we published that early life physical traumatic stress leads to later life depression-like behaviors in rats. Whether early life trauma witness causes later life PTSD-like behaviors is not known. Also unclear are sex-specific stress-induced behavioral variations in later life. The early life witness component of stress is an important aspect of stress-induced psychopathologies and must be investigated...
October 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073522/maternal-psychological-distress-after-preterm-birth-disruptive-or-adaptive
#9
Ruby A S Hall, Hannah N Hoffenkamp, Johan Braeken, Anneke Tooten, Ad J J M Vingerhoets, Hedwig J A van Bakel
BACKGROUND: Maternal postpartum distress is often construed as a marker of vulnerability to poor parenting. Less is known, however, about the impact of postpartum distress on parenting an infant born prematurely. The present study investigated whether high distress levels, which are particularly prevalent in mothers of preterm born infants, necessarily affect a mother's quality of parenting. METHOD: Latent Class Analysis was used to group mothers (N=197) of term, moderately, and very preterm born infants, based on their levels of distress (depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptoms) at one month postpartum, and their quality of parenting at one and six months postpartum...
October 23, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071455/assessment-of-significant-psychological-distress-at-the-end-of-pregnancy-and-associated-factors
#10
L Lorén-Guerrero, A Gascón-Catalán, D Pasierb, M A Romero-Cardiel
The aim of this study is to study the prevalence of mental distress at the end of pregnancy and after birth and the impact of selected socio-demographic and obstetric factors. This is a cross-sectional study. The sample is consisted of 351 puerperal women at the age of 18 and over. Sociodemographic, obstetric variables were collected to detect significant psychological distress; the instrument used was General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Logistic multivariable regressions were used to investigate associations...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067549/relationship-of-bipolar-disorder-with-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-the-postpartum-period-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma
Childbirth can trigger a variety of psychiatric disorders; however, no disorder is as profoundly affected by childbirth as bipolar disorder. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity especially anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders are quite high in individuals with bipolar disorder. The purpose of this scoping review is to ascertain the effect of childbirth on the relationship between the onset of bipolar disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorders. On June 27, 2017, a search of the Medline, PsycINFO, CINHAL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, COCHRANE, and ISI-Web of Science (WOS) databases was performed using the terms mental disorders, mental disease, major depressive disorder, major depression, depression, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, comorbidity, anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, eating disorders, reactive attachment disorder, childbirth, parturition, puerperium, postpartum, postpartum period and postnatal period...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065203/predictors-of-postpartum-return-to-smoking-a-systematic-review
#12
Sophie Orton, Tim Coleman, Tom Coleman-Haynes, Michael Ussher
Background: Finding effective ways to help pregnant women quit smoking and remain abstinent is a major public health issue. Approximately half of UK women who smoke attempt cessation after conception; unfortunately, up to 75% return to smoking within 12 months postpartum. Interventions for preventing postpartum return to smoking (PPRS) have not been found to be effective. It is important to identify factors associated with PPRS, to inform development of alternative interventions. Aim: Identify by systematic review factors associated with PPRS...
July 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049932/determinants-of-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-postnatally-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-chinese-canadian-women
#13
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Kenneth Fung, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: Women with comorbid depression and anxiety in the postpartum period experience more complex and severe symptoms than women with depression or anxiety alone; however, little is known about what influences these symptoms, especially among women from specific ethnic backgrounds. The objective of this study was to identify determinants of comorbid depression and anxiety symptomatology by 24 weeks postpartum in a cohort of Chinese-Canadian women. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was completed where 549 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto were followed to 24 weeks postpartum...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046965/mother-infant-bonding-in-the-postpartum-period-assessment-of-the-impact-of-pre-delivery-factors-in-a-clinical-sample
#14
Borja Farré-Sender, Anna Torres, Estel Gelabert, Susana Andrés, Alba Roca, Gracia Lasheras, Manuel Valdés, Lluïsa Garcia-Esteve
This study aims to examine the extent to which a variety of pre-delivery factors (demographic, reproductive, psychological, psychiatric, and psychopathological) predict disturbances in mother-infant bonding (MIB) in the postpartum period. Two hundred fifty-one pregnant women enrolled at a public perinatal psychiatric service were assessed between the first and second trimester of pregnancy and at 6-7 weeks after delivery. During pregnancy, the psychological risk factors were assessed with the Vulnerable Personality Style Questionnaire, the Marital Adjustment Scale, the Early Trauma Inventory, and the General Health Questionnaire...
October 18, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988283/determinants-of-child-attachment-in-the-years-postpartum-in-a-high-risk-sample-of-immigrant-women
#15
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987983/maternal-self-confidence-during-the-first-four-months-postpartum-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-early-infant-regulatory-problems
#16
Lina Maria Matthies, Stephanie Wallwiener, Mitho Müller, Anne Doster, Katharina Plewniok, Sandra Feller, Christof Sohn, Markus Wallwiener, Corinna Reck
Maternal self-confidence has become an essential concept in understanding early disturbances in the mother-child relationship. Recent research suggests that maternal self-confidence may be associated with maternal mental health and infant development. The current study investigated the dynamics of maternal self-confidence during the first four months postpartum and the predictive ability of maternal symptoms of depression, anxiety, and early regulatory problems in infants. Questionnaires assessing symptoms of depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), and early regulatory problems (Questionnaire for crying, sleeping and feeding) were completed in a sample of 130 women at three different time points (third trimester (T1), first week postpartum (T2), and 4 months postpartum (T3)...
October 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966563/anxiety-disorders-among-women-a-female-lifespan-approach
#17
Liisa Hantsoo, C Neill Epperson
Anxiety symptoms may present differently between women and men, and at different points in the female lifespan. The female lifespan includes distinct epochs of hormonal function, including puberty, the premenstruum, in some women pregnancy or postpartum, and the menopausal transition. These stages give rise to important treatment considerations when treating anxiety in women. When making assessments, the clinician should consider reproductive events and hormonal status, as well as sex differences in anxiety presentation...
2017: Focus: Journal of Life Long Learning in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964735/voluntary-running-influences-the-efficacy-of-fluoxetine-in-a-model-of-postpartum-depression
#18
Aarthi R Gobinath, Robin J Richardson, Carmen Chow, Joanna L Workman, Stephanie E Lieblich, Alasdair M Barr, Liisa A M Galea
Postpartum depression affects approximately 15% of mothers. Unfortunately, treatment options for postpartum depression are limited. Pharmacological antidepressants such as fluoxetine (FLX) can be controversial due to inconclusive evidence of efficacy during the postpartum and concerns of neonatal exposure to antidepressants. Alternatively, non-pharmacological antidepressants such as exercise may be less controversial but its efficacy in postpartum depression is unclear. To investigate this, we treated rat dams daily with high levels of corticosterone (CORT; 40 mg/kg), to induce a depressive-like phenotype, or oil (vehicle for CORT) during the postpartum period...
September 28, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961642/comparison-of-the-effects-of-using-physiological-methods-and-accompanying-a-doula-in-deliveries-on-nulliparous-women-s-anxiety-and-pain-a-case-study-in-iran
#19
Ramin Ravangard, Aliye Basiri, Zahra Sajjadnia, Nasrin Shokrpour
Childbirth is a great moment in a woman's life and is inevitably influenced by emotional, social, and psychological stress. This study aimed to assess the anxiety and pain level of nulliparous women giving birth using physiological methods (without doula support) during labor and those women supported by a doula at Towhid Hospital of Jam, Bushehr, Iran in 2015. In this interventional study, 150 women were randomly assigned to either an intervention (with doula support) or a control group (with no doula support)...
October 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956168/continuity-of-midwifery-carer-moderates-the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-maternal-wellbeing-the-queensland-flood-study
#20
Sue Kildea, Gabrielle Simcock, Aihua Liu, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Adele Kahler, Marie-Paule Austin, Sally Tracy, Sue Kruske, Mark Tracy, Michael W O'Hara, Suzanne King
Poor postnatal mental health is a major public health issue, and risk factors include experiencing adverse life events during pregnancy. We assessed whether midwifery group practice, compared to standard hospital care, would protect women from the negative impact of a sudden-onset flood on postnatal depression and anxiety. Women either received midwifery group practice care in pregnancy, in which they were allocated a primary midwife who provided continuity of care, or they received standard hospital care provided by various on-call and rostered medical staff...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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