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postpartum anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651086/age-at-first-febrile-seizure-correlates-with-perinatal-maternal-emotional-symptoms
#1
Fanny Thébault-Dagher, Catherine M Herba, Jean R Séguin, Gina Muckle, Sonia J Lupien, Lionel Carmant, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gabriel D Shapiro, William D Fraser, Sarah Lippé
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal exposure to stress and fever are factors lowering seizure threshold in animal models. The fever effect on seizure threshold is well documented in human infants, however the associations between maternal perinatal stress and infants' susceptibility to seizures is unknown. This is the first study in humans to investigate longitudinally, whether in humans, the effect of maternal perinatal emotional symptoms such as stress, anxiety and depression that may trigger a biological stress response on age at first seizure occurrence...
June 10, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637100/women-s-expectations-and-experiences-of-rupture-of-membranes-and-views-of-the-potential-use-of-reagent-pads-for-detecting-amniotic-fluid
#3
Helen Spiby, Sara Borrelli, Anita J Hughes
AIMS: To explore first time mothers' expectations and experiences regarding rupture of membranes at term and their views on the potential use of reagent pads that detect amniotic fluid. BACKGROUND: There is little information available on women's experiences of spontaneous rupture of membranes, or interest in using methods to confirm rupture of membranes (e.g. reagent pads). DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative study, using focus groups and telephone interviews with women during pregnancy and after the birth of their first baby...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634716/from-prenatal-anxiety-to-parenting-stress-a-longitudinal-study
#4
A C Huizink, B Menting, M H M De Moor, M L Verhage, F C Kunseler, C Schuengel, M Oosterman
The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child's early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations(2), which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631998/relevance-of-anxiety-in-the-perinatal-period-prospective-study-in-a-hungarian-sample
#5
Eszter Lefkovics, János Rigó, Bernadett Szita, Júlia Talabér, András Kecskeméti, Illés Kovács, Ildikó Baji
There is increasing evidence that anxiety occurs frequently during pregnancy and can be one of the most important risk factors and predictors of postpartum depression (PPD). The aim of our study was to investigate whether antenatal anxiety is an independent predictor of PPD. We used the data of 476 women enrolled in a prospective study in a single maternity unit. The first assessment was conducted between 22 and 40 weeks gestation and a second time 8-12 months postpartum. Symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629393/the-effect-of-an-elective-cesarean-section-on-maternal-request-on-peripartum-anxiety-and-depression-in-women-with-childbirth-fear-a-systematic-review
#6
Renske M Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the peripartum period and if possible beneficial effects on anxiety and depression could outweigh the increased risk of complications associated with a surgical delivery. A systematic review was conducted to explore the effect of ECS on request on peripartum anxiety and depression...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623385/juvenile-social-isolation-affects-maternal-care-in-rats-involvement-of-allopregnanolone
#7
Maria Giuseppina Pisu, Giorgia Boero, Francesca Biggio, Anna Garau, Daniela Corda, Mauro Congiu, Alessandra Concas, Patrizia Porcu, Mariangela Serra
RATIONALE: Social isolation of rats immediately after weaning is thought to represent an animal model of anxiety-like disorders. Socially isolated virgin females showed a significant decrease in allopregnanolone levels, associated with increased anxiety-related behavior compared with group-housed rats. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates whether post-weaning social isolation affects maternal behavior and assesses neuroactive steroid levels in adult female rats during pregnancy and postpartum...
June 16, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619359/postpartum-estrogen-withdrawal-impairs-gabaergic-inhibition-and-ltd-induction-in-basolateral-amygdala-complex-via-down-regulation-of-gpr30
#8
Rong Yang, Baofeng Zhang, Tingting Chen, Suyun Zhang, Ling Chen
Postpartum estrogen (E2) withdrawal is known to be a particularly vulnerable time for depressive symptoms. In this study, ovariectomized (OVX) mice were treated with co-administration of estradiol benzoate and progesterone (E2/P4) followed by administration of E2 alone (E2) and a subsequent E2 withdrawal (EW) to mimic the hormonal changes during pregnancy and postpartum. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of E2 withdrawal after hormone-simulated pregnancy on synaptic function and plasticity in basolateral amygdala complex (BLA)...
June 13, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594092/understanding-the-relationship-between-cesarean-birth-and-stress-anxiety-and-depression-after-childbirth-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Hung-Hui Chen, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Shyh-Jou Hwang, Nicole Huang, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cesarean birth might have an increased risk for poor mental health after childbirth, possibly because of maternal and neonatal physical problems, low parental confidence, and decreased levels of oxytocin. However, this relationship remains controversial and requires further examination. The study aimed to examine the effect of cesarean birth on postpartum stress, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
June 8, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570797/depression-and-anxiety-in-the-postpartum-period-and-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#11
Xiaoqin Liu, Esben Agerbo, Jiong Li, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Veerle Bergink, Trine Munk-Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The first-onset affective episode requiring inpatient treatment in the postpartum period can be a marker of bipolar disorder, but it is unknown whether milder postpartum affective episodes are also indicators of underlying bipolarity. Therefore, we aimed to study whether women with a nonpsychotic postpartum affective episode treated with antidepressants have an increased risk of bipolar disorder. METHODS: A register-based cohort study was conducted in Denmark of 122,622 parous women without psychiatric history who received a first-time antidepressant prescription during 1997-2012...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569619/effects-of-point-massage-of-liver-and-stomach-channel-combined-with-pith-and-trotter-soup-on-postpartum-lactation-start-time
#12
Qiong Luo, Yin Hu, Hui Zhang
Delay in lactation initiation causes maternal anxiety and subsequent adverse impact on maternal exclusive breast feeding. It is important to explore a safe and convenient way to promote lactation initiation. The feasibility of point massage of liver and stomach channel combined with pith and trotter soup on prevention of delayed lactation initiation was investigated in the present study. 320 women were enrolled and randomly divided into four groups, control group (80 women), point massage group (80 women), pith and trotter soup group (80 women), and massage + soup group (80 women) to compare the lactation initiation time...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565994/the-effects-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-behavior-apoptosis-and-nitro-oxidative-stress-in-offspring-wistar-rats
#13
Oana-Ofelia Dănilă, Alexandra Sevastre Berghian, Vlad Dionisie, Dan Gheban, Diana Olteanu, Flaviu Tabaran, Ioana Baldea, Gabriel Katona, Bianca Moldovan, Simona Clichici, Luminita David, Gabriela Adriana Filip
AIM: To investigate the comparative effects of prenatal exposure to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) functionalized with citrate and polyphenols on spatial cognition and also on nitro-oxidative stress and apoptosis in the hippocampus and cerebellum of offsprings. MATERIALS & METHODS: Pregnant Wistar rats were orally administered substances from day 10 of gestation until day 21. Six weeks postpartum, six male offsprings from each group were used for behavioral evaluation and determination of oxidative stress and apoptosis...
June 1, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562247/neurodevelopment-the-impact-of-nutrition-and-inflammation-during-preconception-and-pregnancy-in-low-resource-settings
#14
Betty R Vohr, Elysia Poggi Davis, Christine A Wanke, Nancy F Krebs
The rapid pace of fetal development by far exceeds any other stage of the life span, and thus, environmental influences can profoundly alter the developmental course. Stress during the prenatal period, including malnutrition and inflammation, impact maternal and fetal neurodevelopment with long-term consequences for physical and mental health of both the mother and her child. One primary consequence of maternal malnutrition, inflammation, and other sources of prenatal stress is a poor birth outcome, such as prematurity or growth restriction...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556692/war-trauma-and-maternal-fetal-attachment-predicting-maternal-mental-health-infant-development-and-dyadic-interaction-in-palestinian-families
#15
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Safwat Y Diab
Optimal maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is believed to be beneficial for infant well-being and dyadic interaction, but research is scarce in general and among risk populations. Our study involved dyads living in war conditions and examined how traumatic war trauma associates with MFA and which factors mediate that association. It also modeled the role of MFA in predicting newborn health, infant development, mother-infant interaction, and maternal postpartum mental health. Palestinian women from the Gaza Strip (N = 511) participated during their second trimester (T1), and when their infants were 4 (T2) and 12 (T3) months...
May 30, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556676/predictors-of-postpartum-exercise-according-to-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain
#16
Danielle Symons Downs, Krista Leonard, Jessica S Beiler, Ian M Paul
BACKGROUND: The study purposes were to examine: (1) differences in postpartum exercise and related personal/psychological correlates in women according to pre-pregnancy weight and pregnancy gestational weight gain (GWG) status; and (2) predictors of exercise at 2-weeks, 2-months, and 6-months postpartum. METHODS: Participants (N=891) were recruited at maternity hospitalization and completed interviews to assess exercise (Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire) and personal correlates (demographics, anxiety/depressive symptoms) before/during pregnancy...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551029/affective-facial-expression-in-sub-clinically-depressed-and-non-depressed-mothers-during-contingent-and-non-contingent-face-to-face-interactions-with-their-infants
#17
Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Siv Skotheim, Kjartan Høie, Maria Wik Markhus, Marian Kjellevold, Ingvild Eide Graff, Jan Øystein Berle, Kjell Morten Stormark
BACKGROUND: Depression in the postpartum period involves feelings of sadness, anxiety and irritability, and attenuated feelings of pleasure and comfort with the infant. Even mild- to- moderate symptoms of depression seem to have an impact on caregivers affective availability and contingent responsiveness. The aim of the present study was to investigate non-depressed and sub-clinically depressed mothers interest and affective expression during contingent and non-contingent face-to-face interaction with their infant...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548001/the-psychiatric-morbidity-of-women-who-give-birth-to-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-results-of-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fasd-study
#18
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group). METHODS: We linked population-level health and social services data to clinical data on FASD diagnoses to identify study group ( n = 702) and comparison group ( n = 2097) women matched 1:3 on date of birth of index child, region of residence, and socioeconomic status...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531302/effects-of-financial-incentives-for-smoking-cessation-on-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-pregnant-and-newly-postpartum-women
#19
Ivori Zvorsky, Joan M Skelly, Stephen T Higgins
Introduction: Financial incentives for smoking cessation increase smoking abstinence and decrease Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores among depression-prone pregnant and postpartum women. The present study is a secondary analysis using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to examine whether this treatment impacts a broader array of mood and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Participants (N = 253) were pregnant cigarette smokers who participated in four controlled clinical trials examining the efficacy of financial incentives for smoking cessation...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528143/intergenerational-accumulation-of-impairments-in-maternal-behavior-following-postnatal-social-stress
#20
B C Nephew, L M Carini, S Sallah, C Cotino, R A S Alyamani, F Pittet, S Bradburn, C Murgatroyd
Early adversity such as depressed maternal care can have long-term physiological and behavioral effects on offspring and future generations. Exposure to chronic social stress (CSS), an ethologically model of postpartum depression and anxiety, during lactation impairs maternal care and exerts similar effects on the F1 dam offspring of the stressed F0 dams. These changes associate with increased corticosterone and neuroendocrine alterations. CSS F2 offspring further display decreased social behavior as juveniles and adults and decreased basal levels of corticosterone...
May 13, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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