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S Yeim, C Boudebesse, B Etain, F Belliviera
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is a severe and complex multifactorial disease, characterized by alternance of acute episodes of depression and mania/hypomania, interspaced by euthymic periods. The etiological determinants of bipolar disorder yet, are still poorly understood. For the last 30 years, chronobiology is an important field of investigation to better understand the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. METHODS: We conducted a review using Medline, ISI Database, EMBase, PsyInfo up to January 2015, using the following keywords combinations: "mood disorder", "bipolar disorder", "depression", "unipolar disorder", "major depressive disorder", "affective disorder", for psychiatric conditions; and "circadian rhythms", "circadian markers", "circadian gene", "clock gene", "melatonin" for circadian rhythms...
September 2015: L'Encéphale
Paulina Ćwiek, Zaira Leni, Fabiana Salm, Valeriya Dimitrova, Beata Styp-Rekowska, Gianpaolo Chiriano, Michael Carroll, Katrin Höland, Valentin Djonov, Leonardo Scapozza, Patrick Guiry, Alexandre Arcaro
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in children and is associated with a poor outcome. cMYC amplification characterizes a subgroup of MB with very poor prognosis. However, there exist so far no targeted therapies for the subgroup of MB with cMYC amplification. Here we used kinome-wide RNA interference screening to identify novel kinases that may be targeted to inhibit the proliferation of c-Myc-overexpressing MB. The RNAi screen identified a set of 5 genes that could be targeted to selectively impair the proliferation of c-Myc-overexpressing MB cell lines: AKAP12 (A-kinase anchor protein), CSNK1α1 (casein kinase 1, alpha 1), EPHA7 (EPH receptor A7) and PCTK1 (PCTAIRE protein kinase 1)...
January 1, 2015: Oncotarget
Rebekka K Schneider, Vera Ademà, Dirk Heckl, Marcus Järås, Mar Mallo, Allegra M Lord, Lisa P Chu, Marie E McConkey, Rafael Kramann, Ann Mullally, Rafael Bejar, Francesc Solé, Benjamin L Ebert
The casein kinase 1A1 gene (CSNK1A1) is a putative tumor suppressor gene located in the common deleted region for del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We generated a murine model with conditional inactivation of Csnk1a1 and found that Csnk1a1 haploinsufficiency induces hematopoietic stem cell expansion and a competitive repopulation advantage, whereas homozygous deletion induces hematopoietic stem cell failure. Based on this finding, we found that heterozygous inactivation of Csnk1a1 sensitizes cells to a CSNK1 inhibitor relative to cells with two intact alleles...
October 13, 2014: Cancer Cell
Y Hu, W Song, D Cirstea, D Lu, N C Munshi, K C Anderson
Here we report that targeting casein kinase 1-α1 (CSNK1α1) is a potential novel treatment strategy in multiple myeloma (MM) therapy distinct from proteasome inhibition. CSNK1α1 is expressed in all the tested MM cell lines and patient MM cells, and is not altered during bortezomib-triggered cytotoxicity. Inhibition of CSNK1α1 kinase activity in MM cells with targeted therapy D4476 or small hairpin RNAs triggers cell G0/G1-phase arrest, prolonged G2/M phase and apoptosis. D4476 also induced cytotoxicity in bortezomib-resistant MM cells and enhanced bortezomib-triggered cytotoxicity...
February 2015: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Yunpeng Wang, Yongsheng Zhu, Wei Wang, Feng Wu, Haimin Cui, Xi Xun, Jianghua Lai
Pharmacogenetic studies have confirmed that the genetic variant of the casein kinase 1 epsilon (Csnk1ε) gene contributes to response variability to amphetamine and methamphetamine in both mice and humans. A polymorphism in the Csnk1ε gene has been reported to be associated with heroin dependence. In this study, to identify markers contributing to the genetic susceptibility of the Csnk1ε gene to heroin dependence, we examined the potential association between heroin dependence and 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs1997644, rs135764, rs867198, rs135763, rs135757, rs6001090, rs5750581, rs1534891, rs1005473, rs3890379, rs2075984, rs2075983, rs135749, and rs135745) of the Csnk1ε gene using the MassARRAY system...
June 2014: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Yinglin Huang, Jingying Li, Lijuan Wu, Qiu Jin, Xiaofeng Zhao, Jun Li, Gang Zhu
The casein kinase 1 (Csnk1) family of serine/threonine kinases regulates dopamine receptor (DR) signaling by phosphorylating the 32-kDa dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein DARPP-32, leading to inhibition of protein phosphatase 1 and a shift in the phosphorylation state of many downstream proteins. By modulating DR-activated phosphorylation cascades, Csnk1 plays a central role in neuropsychiatric disorders and modulates the stimulant response to amphetamine. No published study, however, has established a correlation between Csnk1 gene polymorphisms and schizophrenia...
July 2012: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
G Mazzoccoli, A Panza, M R Valvano, O Palumbo, M Carella, V Pazienza, G Biscaglia, F Tavano, P Di Sebastiano, A Andriulli, A Piepoli
The clock gene machinery controls cellular metabolism, proliferation, and key functions, such as DNA damage recognition and repair. Dysfunction of the circadian clock is involved in tumorigenesis, and altered expression of some clock genes has been found in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression levels of core clock genes in colorectal cancer (CRC). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to examine ARNTL1, CLOCK, PER1, PER2, PER3, CRY1, CRY2, Timeless (TIM), TIPIN, and CSNK1? expression levels in the tumor tissue and matched apparently healthy mucosa of CRC patients...
December 2011: Chronobiology International
Dongdong Li, Stacy Herrera, Nancy Bubula, Elena Nikitina, Abraham A Palmer, Dorothy A Hanck, Jessica A Loweth, Paul Vezina
The closely related δ and ε isoforms of the serine/threonine protein kinase casein kinase 1 (Csnk1) have been implicated in the generation of psychostimulant-induced behaviors. In this study, we show that Csnk1δ/ε produces its effects on behavior by acting on the Darpp-32-PP1 signaling pathway to regulate AMPA receptor phosphorylation in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). Inhibiting Csnk1δ/ε in the NAcc with the selective inhibitor PF-670462 blocks amphetamine induced locomotion and its ability to increase phosphorylation of Darpp-32 at S137 and T34, decrease PP1 activity and increase phosphorylation of the AMPA receptor subunit at S845...
July 2011: Journal of Neurochemistry
Elizabeth S Maywood, Johanna E Chesham, Qing-Jun Meng, Patrick M Nolan, Andrew S I Loudon, Michael H Hastings
Circadian pacemaking in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) revolves around a transcriptional/posttranslational feedback loop in which period (Per) and cryptochrome (Cry) genes are negatively regulated by their protein products. Genetically specified differences in this oscillator underlie sleep and metabolic disorders, and dictate diurnal/nocturnal preference. A critical goal, therefore, is to identify mechanisms that generate circadian phenotypic diversity, through both single gene effects and gene interactions...
January 26, 2011: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Teresa M Osland, Johan Fernø, Bjarte Håvik, Ivar Heuch, Peter Ruoff, Ole Didrik Lærum, Vidar M Steen
Bipolar disorder has been associated with disturbances in circadian rhythms. Lithium is frequently used in the long-term treatment of bipolar disorder, and has been shown to prolong such rhythms in animals and humans. To examine whether lithium affects the expression of genes regulating the circadian clock, cultured NIH-3T3 cells were synchronized by serum-shocking, and the relative expression of the clock genes Period1 (Per1), Period2 (Per2), Period3 (Per3), Cryptochrome1 (Cry1), Cryptochrome2 (Cry2), Brain and muscle aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator-like 1 (Bmal1), Circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (Clock), Rev-Erb-α (Nr1d1), RAR-related orphan receptor α (Ror-α), Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (Gsk-3β), Casein kinase 1-ε (CK1-ε; Csnk1ε), E4 binding protein 4 (E4BP4; Nfil-3) and albumin D-binding protein (Dbp) was examined for three consecutive days in the presence of lithium (20 mM) or vehicle (20 mM NaCl)...
July 2011: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Camron D Bryant, Melissa E Graham, Margaret G Distler, Michaelanne B Munoz, Dongdong Li, Paul Vezina, Greta Sokoloff, Abraham A Palmer
RATIONALE: We previously colocalized a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for sensitivity to the locomotor stimulant effects of methamphetamine (MA) with a QTL for expression of casein kinase 1 epsilon (Csnk1-epsilon) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Subsequently, we identified a single nucleotide polymorphism in CSNK1E (rs135745) that was associated with increased sensitivity to the subjective effects of d-amphetamine in healthy human subjects. Based on these results, we hypothesized that differential expression of Csnk1-epsilon causes differential sensitivity to MA-induced locomotor activity in mice...
May 2009: Psychopharmacology
Tannin J Fuja, Fritz Lin, Kathryn E Osann, Peter J Bryant
We report somatic mutations in three genes (CSNK1 epsilon, encoding the Ser/Thr kinase casein kinase I epsilon; DLG1, encoding a membrane-associated putative scaffolding protein; and EDD/hHYD, encoding a progestin induced putative ubiquitin-protein ligase) in mammary ductal carcinoma. These genes were suspected of playing a role in cancer because loss-of-function mutations in their Drosophila homologues cause excess tissue growth. Using DNA from 82 laser-microdissected tumor samples, followed by microsatellite analysis, denaturing HPLC and direct sequencing, we found multiple somatic point mutations in all three genes, and these mutations showed significant association with loss of heterozygosity of closely linked polymorphic microsatellite markers...
February 1, 2004: Cancer Research
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