keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Discrimination race

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728040/measures-and-predictors-of-varenicline-adherence-in-the-treatment-of-nicotine-dependence
#1
Annie R Peng, Mark Morales, E Paul Wileyto, Larry W Hawk, Paul Cinciripini, Tony P George, Neal L Benowitz, Nicole L Nollen, Caryn Lerman, Rachel F Tyndale, Robert Schnoll
INTRODUCTION: While adherence to medication in smoking cessation clinical trials is strongly associated with clinical outcome, very few studies have evaluated the validity of pill count as a measure of adherence relative to a biological assay, and evaluated a broad range of correlates of adherence. METHODS: In a smoking cessation clinical trial of varenicline, we compared pill counts collected over 4 different time periods to varenicline salivary levels taken after 2weeks of treatment, as well as evaluated predictors of adherence to varenicline...
July 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721501/examining-transgender-health-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-s-icf-contextual-factors
#2
REVIEW
Melissa Jacob, Steven R Cox
PURPOSE: For many transgender individuals, medical intervention is necessary to live as their desired gender. However, little is known about Contextual Factors (i.e., Environmental and Personal) that may act as facilitators and barriers in the health of transgender individuals. Therefore, this paper sought to examine Contextual Factors of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health that may facilitate or negatively impact the physical, psychological, and social functioning of transgender individuals...
July 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720250/cardiovascular-disease-and-perceived-weight-racial-and-gender-discrimination-in-u-s-adults
#3
Tomoko Udo, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: To date, most research on perceived discrimination and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has examined racial discrimination although other forms of discrimination may also impact physical and mental health. The current study investigated the relationship between three forms of discrimination (weight, race, and gender) and 3-year incidence of CVD in a large national sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: 26,992 adults (55.5% women) who participated in the 2001-2002 and 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were included in this study...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717258/children-s-perceptions-of-social-resource-inequality
#4
Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Children's perceptions of social resource inequalities were investigated by measuring spontaneous explanations for race-based disparities in access to societal resources. Fifth graders (N = 139, M = 11.14 years, SD = .61 years) viewed animated vignettes depicting hypothetical resource inequalities between institutions serving children of African-American and European-American background. Children frequently explained disparities in terms of institutions' differing financial resources, revealing awareness that economic inequalities often underlie groups' differential access to societal resources...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#5
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709519/racial-discrimination-and-perinatal-sleep-quality
#6
Brittney Francis, Mark Klebanoff, Reena Oza-Frank
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the association between perceived everyday racial discrimination, as a psychosocial stressor, and perinatal sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional (N=640) and longitudinal associations (N=133) between everyday experiences of discrimination and sleep quality were examined using a pregnancy and postpartum data registry. PARTICIPANTS: We studied a sample of 640 unique women from the Perinatal Research Repository (PRR), a longitudinal study of mothers, fathers, and babies recruited from Nationwide Children's Hospital and The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703300/a-point-based-prediction-model-for-cardiovascular-risk-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-the-car-olt-score
#7
Lisa B VanWagner, Hongyan Ning, Maureen Whitsett, Josh Levitsky, Sarah Uttal, John T Wilkins, Michael M Abecassis, Daniela P Ladner, Anton I Skaro, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications are important causes of morbidity and mortality after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). There is currently no preoperative risk assessment tool that allows physicians to estimate the risk for CVD events following OLT. We sought to develop a point-based prediction model (risk score) for CVD complications after OLT, the CAR-OLT risk score, among a cohort of 1024 consecutive patients aged 18-75 years who underwent first OLT in a tertiary-care teaching hospital (2002-2011)...
July 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692705/right-wing-authoritarianism-is-associated-with-race-bias-in-face-detection
#8
Amélie Bret, Brice Beffara, Jessica McFadyen, Martial Mermillod
Racial discrimination can be observed in a wide range of psychological processes, including even the earliest phases of face detection. It remains unclear, however, whether racially-biased low-level face processing is influenced by ideologies, such as right wing authoritarianism or social dominance orientation. In the current study, we hypothesized that socio-political ideologies such as these can substantially predict perceptive racial bias during early perception. To test this hypothesis, 67 participants detected faces within arrays of neutral objects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692572/health-care-engagement-and-follow-up-after-perceived-discrimination-in-maternity-care
#9
Laura Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil
BACKGROUND: Negative experiences in the health care system, including perceived discrimination, can result in patient disengagement from health care. Four million US women give birth each year, and the perinatal period is a time of sustained interaction with the health care system, but potential consequences of negative experiences have not been examined in this context. We assessed whether perceived discrimination during the birth hospitalization were associated with postpartum follow-up care...
July 7, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677493/dynamic-changes-in-the-rice-blast-population-in-the-usa-over-six-decades
#10
Xueyan Wang, Yulin Jia, Yeshi Wamishe, Melissa H Jia, Barbara Valent
Rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae (Mo) is one of the most destructive diseases of rice. Field isolates of Mo rapidly adapt to their hosts and climate. Tracking the genetic and pathogenic variability of field isolates is essential to understand how Mo interacts with hosts and environments. In this study, a total of 1022 US field isolates collected from 1959 to 2015 were analyzed for pathogenicity toward 8 international rice differentials (IRD). A sub-set of 457 isolates was genotyped with 10 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers...
July 5, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669235/social-stress-obesity-and-depression-among-women-clarifying-the-role-of-physical-activity
#11
Karen D Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of stress in the association among physical activity, obesity, and depression among women. The extent to which physical activity moderated these relationships was also examined. DESIGN: Data from the National Survey of American Life (N = 3235) and multivariable regression analyses were used to examine the effects of chronic stress, material hardship, racial discrimination, and physical activity on obesity and depression among African American, Caribbean Black and White women...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669197/prevalence-and-correlates-of-everyday-discrimination-among-black-caribbeans-in-the-united-states-the-impact-of-nativity-and-country-of-origin
#12
Robert Joseph Taylor, Ivy Forsythe-Brown, Dawne M Mouzon, Verna M Keith, David H Chae, Linda M Chatters
OBJECTIVES: Black Caribbeans in the United States have been the victims of major discrimination (e.g. unfairly fired, denied a promotion, denied housing). What is not known is the degree to which they also experience more routine forms of everyday discrimination such as receiving poor restaurant service, being perceived as dishonest, and being followed in stores. This paper investigates the distribution and correlates of everyday discrimination among a national sample of black Caribbeans in the U...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663181/viewing-health-equity-through-a-legal-lens-title-vi-of-the-1964-civil-rights-act
#13
Sara Rosenbaum, Sara Schmucker
Enacted as part of the watershed Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VI prohibits discrimination by federally assisted entities on the basis of race, color, or national origin. Indeed, the law is as broad as federal funding across the full range of programs and services that affect health. Over the years, governmental enforcement efforts have waxed and waned, and private litigants have confronted barriers to directly invoking its protections. But Title VI endures as the formal mechanism by which the nation rejects discrimination within federally funded programs and services...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657220/prognostic-models-for-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-external-validation-of-the-published-models
#14
David Lora, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara, Sara Pedraza Fernández, Rafael Enríquez de Salamanca, José Fermín Pérez Regadera Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To externally validate the prognostic models for predicting the time-dependent outcome in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) who were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in an independent cohort. METHODS: A historical cohort of 297 women with LACC who were treated with radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy from 1999 to 2014 at the 12 de Octubre University Hospital (H12O), Madrid, Spain. The external validity of prognostic models was quantified regarding discrimination, calibration, measures of overall performance, and decision curve analyses...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652587/novel-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-assay-with-a-universal-qprobe-can-detect-snps-determining-races-in-plant-pathogenic-fungi
#15
Yu Ayukawa, Saeri Hanyuda, Naoko Fujita, Ken Komatsu, Tsutomu Arie
Tomato wilt pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) is grouped into three races based on their pathogenicity to different host cultivars. Rapid detection and discrimination of Fol races in field soils is important to prevent tomato wilt disease. Although five types of point mutations in secreted in xylem 3 (SIX3) gene, which are characteristic of race 3, have been reported as a molecular marker for the race, detection of these point mutations is laborious. The aim of this study is to develop a rapid and accurate method for the detection of point mutations in SIX3 of Fol...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#16
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643144/evaluation-of-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-8th-edition-staging-system-for-gastric-cancer-patients-after-preoperative-therapy
#17
Naruhiko Ikoma, Mariela Blum, Jeannelyn S Estrella, Prajnan Das, Wayne L Hofstetter, Keith F Fournier, Paul Mansfield, Jaffer A Ajani, Brian D Badgwell
BACKGROUND: The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) recently released its 8th edition staging system, which created a separate staging system for gastric cancer patients who have undergone preoperative therapy (ypStage). The objective of this retrospective study was to apply the new ypStage to patients who have undergone preoperative therapy and potentially curative gastrectomy. METHODS: We collected data from a prospectively maintained institutional database of gastric cancer patients who underwent potentially curative gastrectomy after preoperative therapy (1995-2015)...
June 22, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636692/rethinking-the-current-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-tnm-staging-system-for-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#18
Mohamed Abdelgadir Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Terry Hyslop, Julie A Sosa
Importance: Controversy exists around the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging system for medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Because of the rarity of the disease and limited available data, the staging system for MTC has been largely extrapolated from staging for differentiated thyroid cancer. Objectives: To evaluate how well the current (seventh and eighth editions) AJCC TNM staging system correlates with survival for patients with MTC and to suggest a possible revision...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623247/evaluation-of-serological-indicators-and-glomerular-filtration-rate-equations-in-chinese-cancer-patients
#19
Yingna Tong, Xiaobin Liu, Mingxiu Guan, Meng Wang, Lufang Zhang, Dong Dong, Ruifang Niu, Fei Zhang, Yunli Zhou
BACKGROUND The performance of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have been proved to vary according to the races of the target population. The eGFR equations have not been validated in the Chinese cancer population received chemotherapy. Meanwhile, serum cystatin C (CysC), urea, β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), and creatinine (SCr) were also evaluated in a cohort of Chinese cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 1000 cancer patients undergoing combination chemotherapy and 108 healthy volunteers were included in this study, and their renal function parameters were evaluated...
June 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622004/six-month-morbidity-and-mortality-among-icu-patients-receiving-life-sustaining-therapy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Michael E Detsky, Michael O Harhay, Dominique F Bayard, Aaron M Delman, Anna E Buehler, Saida A Kent, Isabella V Ciuffetelli, Elizabeth Cooney, Nicole B Gabler, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Mark E Mikkelsen, Scott D Halpern
RATIONALE: Understanding long-term outcomes of critically ill patients may inform shared decision making in the ICU. OBJECTIVE: To quantify six-month functional outcomes of general ICU patients, and develop a multivariable model comprising factors present during the first ICU day to predict which patients will return to their baseline function 6 months later. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study in three medical ICUs and two surgical ICUs in three hospitals...
June 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
keyword
keyword
56399
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"