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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447448/gendered-racism-and-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-black-and-latina-women
#1
Lisa Rosenthal, Marci Lobel
OBJECTIVE: To understand health disparities, it is important to use an intersectional framework that examines unique experiences of oppression faced by particular groups due to their intersecting identities and social positions linked to societal structures. We focus on Black and Latina women and their experiences with 'gendered racism' - unique forms of oppression due to the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender - to foster understanding of disparities between Black and Latina versus White women in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the U...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442236/racial-ethnic-contrasts-in-the-relationships-between-physical-disability-perceived-discrimination-and-depressive-symptoms
#2
Quentin K Kilpatrick, John Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The systematic deprivation of equal access to valued opportunities has greatly harmed the disadvantaged. Discrimination, whether it is based on gender, race, sexual orientation, or physical health exacts a high toll. This is especially true with respect to the role of race and equality in the USA today. This paper attempts to evaluate the significance of perceived discrimination among a multiethnic sample of physically disabled and non-disabled study participants. METHODS: We employ survey data from a community-based multiethnic sample of study participants to assess whether physical disability increases perceptions of discrimination across racial/ethnic groups...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432699/population-genomics-of-sorghum-sorghum-bicolor-across-diverse-agroclimatic-zones-of-niger
#3
Fanna Maina, Sophie Bouchet, Sandeep Marla, Zhenbin Hu, Jianan Wang, Aissata Mamadou, Magagi Abdou, Abdoul-Aziz Saïdou, Geoffrey Preston Morris
Improving adaptation of staple crops in developing countries is important to ensure food security. In the West African country of Niger, the staple crop sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is cultivated across diverse agroclimatic zones, but the genetic basis of local adaptation has not been described. The objectives of this study were to characterize the genomic diversity of sorghum from Niger and to identify genomic regions conferring local adaptation to agroclimatic zones and farmer preferences. We analyzed 516 Nigerien accessions for which local variety name, botanical race, and geographic origin were known...
February 12, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416354/nomogram-for-predicting-survival-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Wei Song, Dong-Liu Miao, Lei Chen
Background: The purpose of this study was to develop a nomogram to predict cancer-specific survival (CSS) in pancreatic cancer (PC). Patients and methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to analyze 53,028 patients diagnosed with PC from 2004 to 2014 and randomly divided them into the training (n=26,583) cohort and validation (n=26,445) cohort. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to select independent prognostic factors...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414640/malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde-antibody-concentrations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-other-rheumatic-conditions
#5
Ted R Mikuls, Michael J Duryee, Bryant R England, Daniel R Anderson, Michelene Hearth-Holmes, Kaihong Su, Kaleb Michaud, Jeffrey B Payne, Harlan Sayles, Carlos Hunter, Jacob D McGowan, Lynell W Klassen, Geoffrey M Thiele
OBJECTIVE: To compare anti-malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) antibody concentrations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy and rheumatic disease controls. METHODS: Anti-MAA antibody (IgA, IgM, IgG) was measured using ELISA and banked serum from patients with RA (n = 284), osteoarthritis (OA, n = 330), spondyloarthropathy (SpA, n = 50), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 88) as well as healthy controls (n = 82). Anti-MAA antibody concentrations and the frequency of positivity were compared across groups...
February 1, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392287/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-methods-of-tear-film-stability-assessment-a-randomized-crossover-study
#6
Michael T M Wang, Jennifer P Craig
Importance: Tear film breakup time assessment is an integral component of dry eye evaluation. To our knowledge, the comparative discriminative ability of the noninvasive Keratograph (Oculus) vs conventional fluorescein method in detecting dry eye is unknown. Objective: To compare tear film stability measurements obtained with an automated noninvasive corneal topographer vs conventional fluorescein methods and evaluate their respective discriminative ability in detecting dry eye...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392081/trefoil-factor-3-cholinesterase-and-homocysteine-potential-predictors-for-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-and-vascular-parkinsonism-dementia-in-advanced-stage
#7
Jing Zou, Zhigang Chen, Caiqian Liang, Yongmei Fu, Xiaobo Wei, Jianjun Lu, Mengqiu Pan, Yue Guo, Xinxue Liao, Huifang Xie, Duobin Wu, Min Li, Lihui Liang, Penghua Wang, Qing Wang
Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), cholinesterase activity (ChE activity) and homocysteine (Hcy) play critical roles in modulating recognition, learning and memory in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and vascular parkinsonism with dementia (VPD). However, whether they can be used as reliable predictors to evaluate the severity and progression of PDD and VPD remains largely unknown. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that included 92 patients with PDD, 82 patients with VPD and 80 healthy controls...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373394/associations-between-multiple-forms-of-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-the-mediating-role-of-avoidance-coping
#8
Kaylee B Crockett, Whitney S Rice, Bulent Turan
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLWH) have higher levels of tobacco use compared to the general population, increasing their risk for morbidity and mortality. PLWH also face potential chronic stressors related to the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV and other characteristics (e.g., race, sexual orientation). These experiences may be associated with harmful health behaviors, such as tobacco use. The purpose of the current study is to explore the psychosocial context of tobacco use in PLWH, examining avoidance coping as a mediator in the relationship between multiple forms of discrimination and tobacco use...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369161/non-antiretroviral-polypharmacy-and-adverse-health-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-individuals
#9
Amy C Justice, Kirsha Gordon, Melissa Skanderson, E Jennifer Edelman, Kathleen M Akgun, Cynthia L Gibert, Vincent Lo Re, David Rimland, Julie A Womack, Christina M Wyatt, Janet P Tate
BACKGROUND: HIV positive individuals (HIV+) on antiretrovirals (ARV) commonly take enough other medications to cross a threshold for polypharmacy but little is known about associated outcomes. We asked whether non-ARV polypharmacy is associated with hospitalization and mortality and whether associations differ by HIV status. METHODS: Data on HIV+ and uninfected individuals in the US Veterans Affairs Healthcare System were analyzed. Eligible HIV+ were on ARVs with suppressed HIV-1 RNA and uninfected individuals received at least one medication...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366834/the-cardiac-troponin-response-following-physical-exercise-in-relation-to-biomarker-criteria-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-the-north-sea-race-endurance-exercise-study-needed-2013
#10
Øyvind Skadberg, Øyunn Kleiven, Stein Ørn, Magnus F Bjørkavoll-Bergseth, Tor H Melberg, Torbjørn Omland, Kristin M Aakre
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate troponin (cTn) dynamics for both genders, compared the different release patterns to the gender specific 99th percentile and to current biomarker criteria for diagnosing myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Serum was collected from 97 recreational cyclists 24 h before and immediately, 3 and 24 h following a 91-km bike race. hs-cTnI (Abbott) and hs-cTnT (Roche) were measured. Conventional or CT coronary angiography was performed in the 13 participants with the highest hs-cTnI (>140 ng/L)...
January 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366370/holistic-wellness-in-older-adulthood-group-differences-based-on-age-and-mental-health
#11
Matthew C Fullen, Darcy Haag Granello
PURPOSE: To understand how demographic variables and depression symptoms relate to the prevalence of wellness, resilience, and age perception within a sample of community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: In all, 200 residents across 12 senior housing sites were surveyed. Research questions included the following: (1) Do group differences exist in wellness, resilience, and age perception based on age, sex, race, education, and depression symptoms? (2) Which profile of variables is most strongly associated with self-rated depression among older adults? METHOD: Multivariate analyses of variance were used to examine group differences...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366345/perceptions-and-experiences-regarding-the-impact-of-race-on-the-quality-of-healthcare-in-southeast-brazil-a-qualitative-study
#12
Aneela Chauhan, Gilles de Wildt, Marcos da Cunha Lopes Virmond, Derek Kyte, Noemi Garcia de Almeida Galan, Renata Bilion Ruiz Prado, Vidya Shyam-Sundar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of race on the quality of healthcare received by patients attending a primary care centre in Brazil. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study consisting of 19 semi-structured interviews conducted on patients from six racial groups (as defined in Brazil as white, yellow, brown, black and indigenous and one self-identified 'other' group). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four main themes were identified during analysis; factors affecting the access to healthcare, experiences regarding quality of healthcare, discrimination in healthcare and deep-rooted societal discrimination, which were categorised into a number of sub-themes...
January 24, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358415/identifying-patients-at-risk-of-inhospital-death-or-hospice-transfer-for-early-goals-of-care-discussions-in-a-us-referral-center-the-helps-model-derived-from-retrospective-data
#13
Santiago Romero-Brufau, Daniel Whitford, Kevin J Whitford, Dennis M Manning, Jeanne M Huddleston
OBJECTIVE: Create a score to identify patients at risk of death or hospice placement who may benefit from goals of care discussion earlier in the hospitalisation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study to develop a risk index using multivariable logistic regression. SETTING: Two tertiary care hospitals in Southeastern Minnesota. PARTICIPANTS: 92 879 adult general care admissions (50% male, average age 60 years). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Our outcome measure was an aggregate of inhospital death or discharge to hospice...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355342/-i-don-t-care-about-you-as-a-person-sexual-minority-women-objectified
#14
Elliot A Tebbe, Bonnie Moradi, Kathleen E Connelly, Alexandra L Lenzen, Mirella Flores
This study investigates sexual minority women's experiences of objectification in the United States. Data from 5 focus groups with 33 sexual minority women were analyzed using thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2012). Results revealed 6 themes and 34 subthemes grouped into "manifestations of objectification: general and explicit intersections," "immediate context of relational and situational characteristics," and "broader context of oppression and privilege along gender and sexualities." First, sexual minority women's experiences of objectification included both general manifestations described in prior research with heterosexual women and manifestations of objectification that reflected intersections of systems of inequality based on sexual orientation, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, and age...
January 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349270/breaking-down-the-monolith-understanding-flu-vaccine-uptake-among-african-americans
#15
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Ji An, Vicki S Freimuth, Gregory R Hancock, Donald Musa
Black adults are significantly less likely to be immunized for seasonal influenza when compared to Whites. This persistent disparity contributes to increased influenza-related morbidity and mortality in the African American population. Most scholarship on vaccine disparities has compared Whites and Blacks. Employing Public Health Critical Race Praxis, this study seeks to shift the focus to explore differences within the Black population. Utilizing a nationally-representative 2015 survey of US Black adults (n = 806), we explore differences by gender, age, income, and education across vaccine-related measures (e...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344908/encoding-differences-affect-the-number-and-precision-of-own-race-versus-other-race-faces-stored-in-visual-working-memory
#16
Xiaomei Zhou, Catherine J Mondloch, Stephen M Emrich
Other-race faces are discriminated and recognized less accurately than own-race faces. Despite a wealth of research characterizing this other-race effect (ORE), little is known about the nature of the representations of own-race versus other-race faces. This is because traditional measures of this ORE provide a binary measure of discrimination or recognition (correct/incorrect), failing to capture potential variation in the quality of face representations. We applied a novel continuous-response paradigm to independently measure the number of own-race and other-race face representations stored in visual working memory (VWM) and the precision with which they are stored...
January 17, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340514/racial-i-nter-dentification-the-racialization-of-maternal-health-through-the-oportunidades-program-and-in-government-clinics-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#17
Rosalynn Adeline Vega
Using an ethnographic approach, this article examines the role of racialization in health-disease-care processes specifically within the realm of maternal health. It considers the experiences of health care administrators and providers, indigenous midwives and mothers, and recipients of conditional cash transfers through the Oportunidades program in Mexico. By detailing the delivery of trainings of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS) [Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social] for indigenous midwives and Oportunidades workshops to indigenous stipend recipients, the article critiques the deployment of "interculturality" in ways that inadvertently re-inscribe inequality...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#18
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#19
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316571/validation-of-three-postoperative-risk-prediction-models-for-intensive-care-unit-mortality-after-cardiac-surgery
#20
Samuel Henry Howitt, Camila Caiado, Charles McCollum, Michael Goldstein, Ignacio Malagon, Rajamiyer Venkateswaran, Stuart William Grant
BACKGROUND:  Several cardiac surgery risk prediction models based on postoperative data have been developed. However, unlike preoperative cardiac surgery risk prediction models, postoperative models are rarely externally validated or utilized by clinicians. The objective of this study was to externally validate three postoperative risk prediction models for intensive care unit (ICU) mortality after cardiac surgery. METHODS:  The logistic Cardiac Surgery Scores (logCASUS), Rapid Clinical Evaluation (RACE), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores were calculated over the first 7 postoperative days for consecutive adult cardiac surgery patients between January 2013 and May 2015...
January 9, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
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