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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#1
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202959/antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-and-antral-follicle-counts-are-not-reduced-compared-with-community-controls-in-patients-with-rigorously-defined-unexplained-infertility
#2
Eleni A Greenwood, Marcelle I Cedars, Nanette Santoro, Esther Eisenberg, Chia-Ning Kao, Daniel J Haisenleder, Michael P Diamond, Heather G Huddleston
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that women with unexplained infertility demonstrate evidence of diminished ovarian reserve when compared with a population of community controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multicenter university-based clinical practices. PATIENT(S): Study participants included 277 healthy, normo-ovulatory female partners with rigorously defined unexplained infertility randomly selected from a multicenter trial (Assessment of Multiple Intrauterine Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation)...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200895/physiological-and-training-characteristics-of-recreational-marathon-runners
#3
Dan Gordon, Sarah Wightman, Itay Basevitch, James Johnstone, Carolina Espejo-Sanchez, Chelsea Beckford, Mariette Boal, Adrian Scruton, Mike Ferrandino, Viviane Merzbach
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the physical and training characteristics of recreational marathon runners within finish time bandings (2.5-3 h, 3-3.5 h, 3.5-4 h, 4-4.5 h and >4.5 h). Materials and methods: A total of 97 recreational marathon runners (age 42.4 ± 9.9 years; mass 69.2 ± 11.3 kg; stature 172.8 ± 9.1 cm), with a marathon finish time of 229.1 ± 48.7 min, of whom n = 34 were female and n = 63 were male, completed an incremental treadmill test for the determination of lactate threshold (LT1), lactate turn point (LT2) and running economy (RE)...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199871/perceived-racial-discrimination-in-the-workplace-and-body-weight-among-the-unemployed
#4
Masanori Kuroki
This study investigates the association between body weight and the likelihood that people perceive that they have been the victims of racial discrimination in the workplace among the unemployed. I find that unemployed obese men and women are 8.4 percentage points and 7.7 percentage points, respectively, more likely to have experienced racial discrimination before becoming unemployed than their non-obese counterparts. For unemployed men, the relationship between body weight and perceived racial discrimination does not seem to be associated with race...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196773/effects-of-contact-based-mental-illness-stigma-reduction-programs-age-gender-and-asian-latino-and-white-american-differences
#5
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173935/racial-ethnic-and-social-inequities-in-sleep-medicine-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#6
REVIEW
Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Asmaa M Abumuamar, David Warren Spence, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S BaHammam
PURPOSE: It is known that racial disparities exist in terms of disease prevalence and access to health care. However, the link between race/ethnicity and sleep quality is often under-recognized. RESULTS: Current evidence shows that differences exist between Blacks and Whites in terms of sleep duration, sleep quality, and the likelihood of acquiring a sleep disorder. It has been argued that the adverse effects of ethnicity on sleep quality or duration interact with other social or personal factors (such as employment) and that the effects of these factors are interactive and need to be analyzed simultaneously...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169534/race-ageism-and-the-slide-from-privileged-occupations
#7
George Wilson, Vincent J Roscigno
The sociological literature on workplace inequality has been relatively clear regarding racial disparities and ongoing vulnerabilities to contemporary structural and employer biases. We still know little, however, about the consequences of age and ageism for minority workers and susceptibilities to downward mobility. Coupling insights regarding race with recent work on employment-based age discrimination, we interrogate in this article African Americans and Whites, aged 55 and older, and the extent to which they experience job loss across time...
January 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154595/predictors-of-somatic-symptom-severity-the-role-of-cumulative-history-of-trauma-and-adversity-in-a-diverse-community-sample
#8
Tamra Burns Loeb, Nataria T Joseph, Gail E Wyatt, Muyu Zhang, Dorothy Chin, April Thames, Yvorn Aswad
OBJECTIVE: Somatic symptoms are often reported among victims of trauma, and place a significant burden on primary care health providers. We examined the relationship between lifetime histories of trauma and adversity, including aspects not previously studied (i.e., perceived discrimination), and somatic symptoms, as well as the mediating role of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A multiethnic community sample of 500 male and female participants (230 African American and 270 Latino) completed measures of demographic characteristics, the University of California, Los Angeles Lifetime Adversities Screener (LADS), depressive symptoms, PTSS, and somatic symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154307/ada-title-i-allegations-and-the-mining-quarrying-and-oil-gas-extraction-industry
#9
Todd A Van Wieren, Laura Rhoades, Brian T McMahon
BACKGROUND: The majority of research about employment discrimination in the U.S. Mining, Quarrying, and Oil/Gas (MQOGE) industries has concentrated on gender and race, while little attention has focused on disability. OBJECTIVE: To explore allegations of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Title I discrimination made to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) by individuals with disabilities against MQOGE employers. METHODS: Key data available to this study included demographic characteristics of charging parties, size of employers, types of allegations, and case outcomes...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#10
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140994/copy-number-gains-at-chr3p25-and-chr11p11-are-associated-with-lymph-node-involvement-and-survival-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-tumors
#11
Karla J Lindquist, Thomas Sanford, Terence W Friedlander, Pamela L Paris, Sima P Porten
Patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) have poorer prognoses if cancer has metastasized to the lymph nodes. Genomic markers of lymph node involvement (LNI) would be useful for treatment planning, especially if measured at the biopsy stage, but large-scale studies of tumor tissue at any stage are needed to discover robust markers of LNI. We performed a genome-wide query of copy number alterations (CNA) in 237 MIBC surgical tumor specimens from patients in The Cancer Genome Atlas who had radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy without neoadjuvant treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126805/determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-among-high-risk-black-and-white-adults
#12
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Amelia M Jamison, Vicki S Freimuth, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock
BACKGROUND: Adults with chronic conditions are at much greater risk of influenza-related morbidity and mortality, yet flu vaccine uptake remains suboptimal. Research focused on the high-risk population has been limited, particularly related to racial disparities in vaccination. We explore a broad range of demographic, racial, and psychosocial factors to identify predictors of vaccination among high-risk adults, with a focus on identify differences between Black and White adults. METHODS: We conducted an online survey in March 2015, utilizing international research firm GfK's KnowledgePanel, for a nationally representative sample of Black and White adults (≥18, USA) and limited analysis adults with high-risk of influenza-related complications...
November 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102420/explaining-between-race-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-women-s-responses-to-breast-density-notification
#13
Mark Manning, Terrance L Albrecht, Zeynep Yilmaz-Saab, Louis Penner, Andria Norman, Kristen Purrington
BACKGROUND: Prior research shows between-race differences in women's knowledge and emotions related to having dense breasts, thus suggesting that between-race differences in behavioral decision-making following receipt of breast density (BD) notifications are likely. Guided by the theory of planned behavior, this study examined differences in emotion-related responses (i.e., anxiety, worry, confusion) and behavioral cognition (e.g., intentions, behavioral attitudes) following receipt of BD notifications among African American (AA) and European American (EA) women...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100138/associations-between-race-discrimination-and-risk-for-chronic-disease-in-a-population-based-sample-from-canada
#14
Arjumand Siddiqi, Faraz Vahid Shahidi, Chantel Ramraj, David R Williams
A major epidemiological finding emerging from studies using U.S. samples is that racial differences in experiences of discrimination are associated with racial differences in health. A newer area of research is exploring the population-level dynamics between race, discrimination, and health status in various societies. The objective of this study is to assess for the first time in a national sample from Canada: (a) racial differences in experiences of discrimination and, (b) the association between discrimination and chronic conditions and their major risk factors...
October 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092619/racial-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-recommendations-lifestyle-changes-and-medication-prescriptions-for-high-cholesterol
#15
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072424/prognostic-factors-of-adrenocortical-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-database
#16
Sen Wang, San-San Chen, Wei-Cheng Gao, Liang Bai, Li Luo, Xiang-Guang Zheng, You Luo
Objective: To define the prognostic factors associated with overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) for adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Patients and Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2014) to identify ACC patients. Correlated variables, including age, sex, race, tumor laterality, marital status at diagnosis, treatment of primary site, lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, tumor size and tumor stage, were extracted. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to define the prognostic factors...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052120/can-parenting-microprotections-buffer-against-adolescents-experiences-of-racial-discrimination
#17
Aryn M Dotterer, Anthony James
Previous research highlights the importance and pervasiveness of racial discrimination for minority youth in the United States. Adolescents may experience either personal or group race-based discrimination. While past research found both forms of discrimination are harmful to well-being it is unknown whether parental microprotections, which may buffer against the negative effects of discrimination, protect against both forms of discrimination. Informed by ecological frameworks the present study examined whether parent microprotections (parental warmth/acceptance, cultural socialization, preparation for bias) buffered the effects of personal and group discrimination on adolescents' depressive symptoms...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036550/perceived-interpersonal-discrimination-and-older-women-s-mental-health-accumulation-across-domains-attributions-and-time
#18
Laia Bécares, Nan Zhang
Experiencing discrimination is associated with poor mental health, but how cumulative experiences of perceived interpersonal discrimination across attributions, domains, and time are associated with mental disorders is still unknown. Using data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (1996-2008) we apply latent class analysis and generalized linear models to estimate the association between cumulative exposure to perceived interpersonal discrimination and older women's mental health. We find four classes of perceived interpersonal discrimination, ranging from cumulative exposure to discrimination over attributions, domains, and time, to none or minimal reports of discrimination...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035103/racial-disparities-in-the-association-between-alcohol-use-disorders-and-health-in-black-and-white-women
#19
Yusuf Ransome, Denise C Carty, Courtney D Cogburn, David R Williams
Adverse health attributed to alcohol use disorders (AUD) is more pronounced among black than white women. We investigated whether socioeconomic status (education and income), health care factors (insurance, alcoholism treatment), or psychosocial stressors (stressful life events, racial discrimination, alcoholism stigma) could account for black-white differences in the association between AUD and physical and functional health among current women drinkers 25 years and older (N = 8,877) in the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028560/racial-discrimination-and-cortisol-output-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Kevin M Korous, José M Causadias, Deborah M Casper
RATIONALE: Although the relation between stress and physiology is well documented, attempts at understanding the link between racial discrimination and cortisol output, specifically, have produced mixed results, likely due to study characteristics such as racial/ethnic composition of the samples (e.g., African American, Latino), measures of discrimination, and research design (e.g., cross-sectional, experimental). OBJECTIVES: To estimate the overall association between racial discrimination and cortisol output among racial/ethnic minority individuals and to determine if the association between racial discrimination and cortisol output is moderated by age, race/ethnicity, type of discrimination measure, sex, and research design...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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