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Periprosthetic femoral fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529108/a-3-to-18-year-follow-up-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-impacted-bone-allografts-and-cemented-lubinus-sp-ii-stem-clinical-radiographic-and-survivorship-analysis-with-comparison-to-the-literature
#1
Hampus Stigbrand, Gösta Ullmark
BACKGROUND: We present the first medium- to long-term follow-up of revision total hip arthroplasty using impaction bone grafting (IBG) combined with the matte and collared Lubinus SP II stem for cases of severe osteolysis and stem loosening. METHODS: Sixty-nine femoral revisions were identified for 67 patients consecutively operated with revision femoral arthroplasty using IBG and a cemented Lubinus SP II stem. The mean age was 69 years (standard deviation, 9.9)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509828/modular-fluted-tapered-stems-in-aseptic-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Matthew P Abdel, Umberto Cottino, Dirk R Larson, Arlen D Hanssen, David G Lewallen, Daniel J Berry
BACKGROUND: Modular fluted tapered stems have become the most commonly employed category of femoral component in revision hip arthroplasty in North America as a result of favorable early results and simplicity of use. Despite wide adoption, the majority of published data are limited to relatively small series with modest follow-up. The goal of the current study was to determine the success rate and factors associated with success, failure, and complications of the use of modular fluted tapered stems in aseptic revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in a large patient cohort...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410835/modified-extended-trochanteric-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-vancouver-b2-b3-periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-femur
#3
Andreas Ladurner, Pia Zurmühle, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Karl Grob
BACKGROUND: Femoral component revision is the treatment of choice for Vancouver type B2/B3 periprosthetic femur fractures (PFFs). The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcome of revision total hip arthroplasty with the use of a modified extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) in PFF treatment. METHODS: A total of 43 cases between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. Clinical and radiographic evaluation was performed with a mean follow-up of 40 months. Patient survival after revision surgery, complications, radiographic outcomes, and quality of life and hip function were assessed...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396931/does-low-constraint-mobile-bearing-knee-prosthesis-give-satisfactory-results-for-severe-coronal-deformities-a-five-to-twelve-year-follow-up-study
#4
Jaroslaw Czekaj, Camdon Fary, Thierry Gaillard, Sebastien Lustig
PURPOSE: Severe varus and valgus knee deformities traditionally are replaced with constrained implants, with a number of disadvantages. We present our results in this challenging group using a low constraint deep-dish mobile bearing implant design. METHODS: One hundred fifty-four patients (170 arthroplasties) who underwent primary TKA using a deep-dish, mobile bearing posterior-stabilized implant for severe varus (HKA < 170°) or valgus (HKA > 190°) deformity between 2004 and 2009 were evaluated at a mean of 6...
April 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386565/a-10-year-follow-up-of-two-incision-and-modified-watson-jones-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#5
Shih-Jie Lin, Tsan-Wen Huang, Po-Chun Lin, Feng-Chih Kuo, Kuo-Ti Peng, Kuo-Chin Huang, Mel S Lee
Long-term data and information indicating whether minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approaches are safe and effective with total hip arthroplasty (THA) are lacking. Between 2004 and 2006, 75 patients with alcohol-related osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) who underwent 75 THAs with the two-incision approach were studied. The medical records, radiographic parameters, and functional outcomes were collected prospectively. All data were compared with those for matched patients who underwent a modified Watson-Jones (WJ) approach...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385933/risk-factors-for-post-operative-periprosthetic-fractures-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-proximally-coated-double-tapered-cementless-femoral-component
#6
K Gromov, A Bersang, C S Nielsen, T Kallemose, H Husted, A Troelsen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify patient- and surgery-related risk factors for sustaining an early periprosthetic fracture following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed using a double-tapered cementless femoral component (Bi-Metric femoral stem; Biomet Inc., Warsaw, Indiana). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1598 consecutive hips, in 1441 patients receiving primary THA between January 2010 and June 2015, were retrospectively identified. Level of pre-operative osteoarthritis, femoral Dorr type and cortical index were recorded...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384558/temporary-total-hip-arthroplasty-like-spacer-for-treating-an-infected-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-using-a-long-stem-a-case-report
#7
Youngwoo Kim, Yoshiaki Katsura, Nina Kasahara, Takashi Kasahara, Masashi Kanamura, Keiichi Kawanabe
INTRODUCTION: Infected periprosthetic femoral fractures are among the most complex and significant complications of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We report the novel use of a temporary THA-like spacer for treating an infected periprosthetic femoral fracture after revision surgery using a long stem. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 72-year-old woman sustained a left infected periprosthetic femoral fracture after revi - streptococci in the culture sample. On suspicion of a periprosthetic joint infection, we planned a two-stage procedure...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363890/a-systematic-review-of-vancouver-b2-and-b3-periprosthetic-femoral-fractures
#8
REVIEW
T Khan, D Grindlay, B J Ollivere, B E Scammell, A R J Manktelow, R G Pearson
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of Vancouver type B2 and B3 fractures by performing a systematic review of the methods of surgical treatment which have been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. For inclusion, studies required a minimum of ten patients with a Vancouver type B2 and/or ten patients with a Vancouver type B3 fracture, a minimum mean follow-up of two years and outcomes which were matched to the type of fracture...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299718/have-the-causes-of-revision-for-total-and-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasties-changed-during-the-past-two-decades
#9
Gro S Dyrhovden, Stein Håkon L Lygre, Mona Badawy, Øystein Gøthesen, Ove Furnes
BACKGROUND: Revisions after knee arthroplasty are expected to increase, and the epidemiology of failure mechanisms is changing as new implants, technology, and surgical techniques evolve. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Was there improvement in survival for TKA and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) when comparing two consecutive 11-year periods with similar followups in a national registry? (2) Were there changes in the causes of revision during the two times? (3) Could the changes in revision causes be attributed to patient or implant characteristics? METHODS: A total of 60,623 TKAs (2426 revisions) and 7648 UKAs (725 revisions) were selected from the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register and analyzed based on year of primary surgery: 1994 to 2004 (Period 1) and 2005 to 2015 (Period 2)...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290738/increased-risk-of-intraoperative-and-early-postoperative-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-with-uncemented-stems
#10
Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Søren Solgaard, Anne G Kjersgaard, Henrik Kehlet
Background and purpose - The use of uncemented fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing. Registry studies have indicated an increased risk of revision of uncemented implants due to early periprosthetic femoral fracture. In this paper, we describe the incidence and predisposing factors for intraoperative and early postoperative (≤ 90 days) periprosthetic femoral fractures after cemented and uncemented THA. Patients and methods - This was a prospective observational study in 8 Danish high-volume centers from February 2010 to November 2013...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275023/bilateral-fixation-of-a-periprosthetic-intertrochanteric-hip-fracture-below-birmingham-hip-resurfacing
#11
J Macdonald, R Pagoti, L Cusick
This case report involves a 59-year-old woman with a traumatic right intertrochanteric hip fracture below a previous Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR). This woman had almost an identical fracture on the left hip 3 years before which was treated with a proximal femoral locking compression plate. Of note periprosthetic fractures following hip resurfacing are usually subcapital and treated with a revision or conservative management. We present an unusual surgical problem that has occurred twice in the same patient and has been treated effectively on both occasions using proximal femoral plating...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274617/predictive-model-of-surgical-time-for-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#12
Albert Wu, Michael J Weaver, Marilyn M Heng, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Maximizing operating room utilization in orthopedic and other surgeries relies on accurate estimates of surgical control time (SCT). A variety of case and patient-specific variables can influence the duration of surgical time during revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). We hypothesized that these variables are better predictors of actual SCT (aSCT) than a surgeon's own prediction (pSCT). METHODS: All revision THAs from October 2008 to September 2014 from one institution were accessed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262457/trochantoplasty-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-coxa-vara-deformity
#13
Jun-Il Yoo, Javad Parvizi, Ji-Ung Song, Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: In total hip arthroplasty (THA) of hips with coxa vara, the femoral stems might be inserted in a varus alignment. To avoid varus insertion, we designed a technique, which we termed "trochantoplasty." In this procedure, the medial half of the greater trochanter was removed during THA. METHODS: We evaluated 30 patients (31 hips) who had coxa vara deformity and underwent THA using trochantoplasty at the mean follow-up of 5 years (range, 3-9 years). RESULTS: All stems were inserted in the neutral position...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261427/causes-of-aseptic-persistent-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Hong-An Lim, Eun-Kyoo Song, Jong-Keun Seon, Kyung-Soon Park, Young-Joo Shin, Hong-Yeol Yang
BACKGROUND: Persistent pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is dissatisfying to the patient and frustrating to the surgeon. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the aseptic causes and clinical course of intractable pain following TKA. METHODS: Of the total 2,534 cases of primary TKA reviewed, 178 cases were classified as having aseptic persistent pain that was not resolved within 1 year after surgery. Except for the cases with periprosthetic fracture (56 knees), 122 cases of aseptic painful TKA were divided into two groups: intra-articular group (83 knees) and extra-articular group (39 knees)...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253947/-periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-after-total-hip-replacement-our-results-and-treatment-complications
#15
T Pavelka, M Salášek, D Weisová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study consists of a retroactive evaluation of results of surgical treatment in patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture after total hip replacement and a comparison with results reported in the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2003 to 2013, a total of 83 patients with periprosthetic femoral fracture after total hip replacement were treated at our clinic, namely 69 women and 14 men. The mean age in the cohort was 74 years (range 47-87). The Vancouver classification was used to grade the fractures...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252475/management-of-interprosthetic-femur-fractures
#16
John A Scolaro, Ran Schwarzkopf
Femoral fractures between a total hip arthroplasty prosthesis and total knee arthroplasty prosthesis, also called interprosthetic fractures, are challenging clinical problems. The number of patients who have undergone ipsilateral primary or revision joint arthroplasty procedures in both the hip and the knee continues to rise, and the number of interprosthetic fractures is increasing, as well. The growing body of biomechanical and clinical literature on interprosthetic fractures reflects the increased frequency of and interest in these injuries...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249971/proximal-femoral-replacement-in-contemporary-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-severe-femoral-bone-loss-a-review-of-outcomes
#17
A Viste, K I Perry, M J Taunton, A D Hanssen, M P Abdel
AIMS: Loss or absence of proximal femoral bone in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains a significant challenge. While the main indication for the use of proximal femoral replacements (PFRs) is in the treatment of malignant disease, they have a valuable role in revision THA for loosening, fracture and infection in patients with bone loss. Our aim was to determine the clinical outcomes, implant survivorship, and complications of PFRs used in revision THA for indications other than malignancy...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247009/treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-in-older-patients-introduction-of-a-new-implant-for-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
H Resch, D Krappinger, P Moroder, A Auffarth, M Blauth, J Becker
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the acetabulum in younger patients are commonly treated by open reduction and internal fixation. For elderly patients, stable primary total hip arthroplasty with the advantage of immediate postoperative mobilization might be the adequate treatment. For this purpose, a sufficiently stable fixation of the acetabular component is required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2009 and 2014, 30 cases were reported in which all patients underwent total hip arthroplasty additionally to a customized implant designed as an antiprotrusion cage...
April 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228786/hydroxyapatite-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-our-experience-with-a-plasma-spray-porous-titanium-alloy-hydroxyapatite-double-coated-cementless-stem
#19
Iacopo Castellini, Lorenzo Andreani, Paolo Domenico Parchi, Enrico Bonicoli, Nicola Piolanti, Francesca Risoli, Michele Lisanti
PURPOSE: Total hip arthroplasty could fail due to many factors and one of the most common is the aseptic loosening. In order to achieve an effective osseointegration and reduce risk of lossening, the use of cemented implant, contact porous bearing surface and organic coating were developed. Aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological mid-term outcomes of a porous titanium alloy/hydroxyapatite double coating manufactured cementless femoral stem applied with "plasma spray" technique and to demonstrate the possibility to use this stem in different types of femoral canals...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228784/atypical-periprosthetic-acetabular-fracture-in-long-term-alendronate-therapy
#20
Giuseppe Marongiu, Antonio Capone
Bisphosphonates have been commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis, demonstrating its efficacy in fracture risk reduction. However, even if are generally safe and well tolerated, concerns have emerged about atypical fractures related to its prolonged use. Although atypical femoral fracture are more common, case reports demonstrated that even other skeletal areas can be involved by unusual pattern of fracture. We report a atypical acetabular periprosthetic fracture in a 83-year-old female patient after prolonged alendronate treatment for osteoporosis and isolated acetabular revision surgery...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
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