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Cultured meat

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330160/characterization-of-cla-producing-butyrivibrio-spp-reveals-strain-specific-variations
#1
S K Asraf Hussain, Anima Srivastava, Ashish Tyagi, Umesh Kumar Shandilya, Ashwani Kumar, Sachin Kumar, Surbhi Panwar, Amrish Kumar Tyagi
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), a fatty acid with high nutraceutical value is produced in rumen by resident bacterial species, especially Butyrivibrio spp. The present study was undertaken to examine the diversity of indigenous Butyrivibrio spp. from rumen liquor of Indian ruminants. The isolates were screened for their CLA production capability at different level of linoleic acid (LA) (0, 200, 400, 600, 800 μg/ml) at different time intervals (0, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h). A total of more than 300 anaerobic cultures were isolated and 31 of them were identified as Butyrivibrio spp...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323057/meet-meat-an-explorative-study-on-meat-and-cultured-meat-as-seen-by-chinese-ethiopians-and-dutch
#2
Gerben A Bekker, Hilde Tobi, Arnout R H Fischer
In this cross-cultural study we investigated how study participants from China, Ethiopia and the Netherlands operationalize the concept of meat and to what extent cultured meat fits or does not fit into this operationalization. We argue that combining the conceptual approaches symbolic boundaries and theory of social practice helps to better understand the possibly culturally dependent operationalization of the concept meat. Ten visiting graduate students from China, 10 from Ethiopia and 10 native Dutch graduate students completed freelist tasks, a pile sort task, interview and essay task, during a single session...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320401/prevalence-of-tuberculous-lesion-in-cattle-slaughtered-in-mubende-district-uganda
#3
Daniel Pakasi Nalapa, Adrian Muwonge, Clovice Kankya, Francisco Olea-Popelka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gross pathology suggestive of bovine tuberculosis (TB-like lesions) and evaluate animal's characteristics associated with the risk of having bovine TB-like lesions among cattle slaughtered in Mubende district in the Uganda cattle corridor. METHOD: We conducted a cross sectional study in which 1,576 slaughtered cattle in Mubende district municipal abattoir underwent post-mortem inspection between August 2013 and January 2014...
March 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317802/port-site-infections-by-nontuberculous-mycobacterium-a-retrospective-clinico-microbiological-study
#4
Roumi Ghosh, Soumen Das, Asmita De, Harish Kela, Makhan Lal Saha, Prasanta Kumar Maiti
BACKGROUND: Port-site infection (PSI) is a prevailing, chronic, nagging, treatment refractory complication of laparoscopic surgery (LS). It neutralizes the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and increases morbidity, treatment cost of patient, leading to loss of confidence on operating surgeon. PSIs are preventable with appropriate preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative measures. Atypical mycobacterium is most commonly associated with nonhealing postlaparoscopic wound infections, causing outbreaks or sporadic cases worldwide...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315418/importance-of-perceived-naturalness-for-acceptance-of-food-additives-and-cultured-meat
#5
Michael Siegrist, Bernadette Sütterlin
Four experiments examined some factors influencing the perceived naturalness of food products and their biasing effect on risk perception. The results of Experiment 1a showed that three food additives displaying their respective E-numbers (i.e., codes for food additives in the European Union and Switzerland) decreased perceived naturalness. Experiment 1b demonstrated that mentioning possible health effects decreased the perceived naturalness of a plant-based food additive. This experiment further showed that it would not matter for perceived naturalness whether the food was synthetic or nature-identical...
March 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314728/competitive-exclusion-reduces-transmission-and-excretion-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-broilers
#6
Daniela Ceccarelli, Alieda van Essen-Zandbergen, Bregtje Smid, Kees T Veldman, Gert Jan Boender, Egil A J Fischer, Dik J Mevius, Jeanet A van der Goot
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and plasmid mediated AmpC β-lactamases (pAmpC) are enzymes able to hydrolyze a large variety of β-lactam antibiotics, including 3(rd) generation cephalosporins and monobactams. Broilers and broiler meat products can be highly contaminated with ESBL and pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli, also known as extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESC)-resistant E. coli, and can be a source for human infections. As few data are available on interventions to reduce ESC-resistant E...
March 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303121/identification-of-lama-glama-as-reservoirs-for-acinetobacter-lwoffii
#7
Martín M Ledesma, Ailén M Díaz, Claudia Barberis, Carlos Vay, Marcela A Manghi, Juliana Leoni, Marisa S Castro, Alejandro Ferrari
South American Camelids have an increasing relevance in local economies, worldwide. These animals are bred for their meat, fur and as companion and therapy animals. Thus, their sanitary status should be well-established. According to the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health), respiratory infections mainly produced by Pasteurella spp. have been reported for camelids. It has been stated that this microorganism causes a mild disease, although many authors report it is an important cause of mortality among alpacas...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290319/consumer-perception-of-balsamic-vinegar-a-cross-cultural-study-between-korea-and-italy
#8
Luisa Torri, Seon-Young Jeon, Maria Piochi, Gabriella Morini, Kwang-Ok Kim
Understanding cross-cultural differences in food perception is a key issue of food research in order to understand consumer behaviour in different countries. The objective of this study was to explore potential cultural differences of balsamic vinegar perception between Korean and Italian consumers using the sorted napping method. Nine balsamic vinegars different in terms of ingredients, aging time, and origin were evaluated by Korean (n=50) and Italian (n=49) consumers using sorted napping. Familiarity and food matching were also examined...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290303/how-will-better-products-improve-the-sensory-liking-and-willingness-to-buy-insect-based-foods
#9
Hui Shan Grace Tan, Yoeri Timothy Verbaan, Markus Stieger
Insects have been established to be a more sustainable alternative source of protein in comparison to conventional meats, but have little appeal to those who are unfamiliar with their taste. Yet little attention has been given to understanding how more appealing products could be developed, and whether that is sufficient to encourage consumption of a culturally unusual food. By evaluating appropriate (i.e. meatball) and inappropriate (i.e. dairy drink) mealworm products along with the original mealworm-free products, this study provided new insights into how the product influences sensory-liking and willingness to buy insect-based foods for trial and regular consumption...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288186/diet-and-biliary-tract-cancer-risk-in-shanghai-china
#10
Shakira M Nelson, Yu-Tang Gao, Leticia M Nogueira, Ming-Chang Shen, Bingsheng Wang, Asif Rashid, Ann W Hsing, Jill Koshiol
Trends in biliary tract cancer incidence rates have increased in Shanghai, China. These trends have coincided with economic and developmental growth, as well as a shift in dietary patterns to a more Westernized diet. To examine the effect of dietary changes on incident disease, we evaluated associations between diet and biliary tract cancers amongst men and women from a population-based case-control study in Shanghai, China. Biliary tract cancer cases were recruited from 42 collaborating hospitals in urban Shanghai, and population-based controls were randomly selected from the Shanghai Household Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260346/mass-based-metabolomic-analysis-of-lactobacillus-sakei-and-its-growth-media-at-different-growth-phases
#11
Sang Bong Lee, Young Kyoung Rhee, Eun-Ji Gu, Dong-Wook Kim, Gwang-Ju Jang, Seong-Hwa Song, Jae-In Lee, Bo-Min Kim, Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Hee-Do Hong, Chang-Won Cho, Hyun-Jin Kim
Changes in the metabolite profiles of Lactobacillus sakei and its growth media, based on different culture times (0, 6, 12 and 24 h), were investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-MS (LC-MS) with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), in order to understand the growth characteristics of this organism. Cell and media samples of L. sakei were significantly separated on PLS-DA score plots. Cell [28] and media [7] metabolites including sugars, amino acids, and organic acids were identified as major metabolites contributing to the difference among samples...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256808/farm-level-survey-of-spore-forming-bacteria-on-four-dairy-farms-in-the-waikato-region-of-new-zealand
#12
Tanushree B Gupta, Gale Brightwell
The aim of our study was to determine the occurrence and diversity of economically important spore-forming bacteria in New Zealand dairy farm systems. Farm dairy effluent (FDE) collected from Waikato dairy farms were tested for the presence of spore-forming bacteria, using a new culture-based methodology followed by genomic analysis. An enrichment step in which samples were inoculated in cooked meat glucose starch broth under anaerobic conditions, aided in the differential isolation of Bacillus and Clostridium species...
March 3, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231148/potential-use-of-gamma-irradiated-ethnic-ready-to-eat-foods-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-landslide-victims
#13
REVIEW
Zubaidah Irawati Koenari, Carmen M Siagian, Bona Simanungkalit, Asti Nilatany, Indra Mustika Pratama, Deudeu Lasmawati, Cecep M Nurcahya
The safety and high quality of ethnic ready-to-eat foods as a source of nourishment and food supplies chain to the remote areas become particularly important. Consuming healthy and balanced nutritional foods means eating better quality foods in proper quantities. Such foods can be developed through a preservation technique by using ionizing radiation. Although implementation of the technology for certain foodstuffs has been implemented in some countries, application of the process to a complete set of meals for selected target groups is still very limited...
July 26, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217119/seroprevalence-isolation-genotyping-and-pathogenicity-of-toxoplasma-gondii-strains-from-sheep-in-china
#14
YuRong Yang, YongJie Feng, QiuXia Yao, YingHua Wang, YaoYao Lu, HongDe Liang, XingQuan Zhu, LongXian Zhang
Toxoplasma gondii is an important cause of reproductive failure in small ruminants that also poses a risk to consumers who consume undercooked meat. However, little is known about sheep toxoplasmosis in China for the world. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep from China, to isolate T. gondii via bioassay in mice and to evaluate the virulence of the isolated T. gondii based on vero cell invasion and mice. A total of 840 samples (304 unfrozen hearts and 536 sera) from sheep in China were collected from 2014 to 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205448/association-between-red-meat-consumption-and-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-results
#15
Nancy D Turner, Shannon K Lloyd
A role for red and processed meat in the development of colorectal cancer has been proposed based largely on evidence from observational studies in humans, especially in those populations consuming a westernized diet. Determination of causation specifically by red or processed meat is contingent upon identification of plausible mechanisms that lead to colorectal cancer. We conducted a systematic review of the available evidence to determine the availability of plausible mechanistic data linking red and processed meat consumption to colorectal cancer risk...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168114/are-sawfishes-still-present-in-mozambique-a-baseline-ecological-study
#16
Ruth H Leeney
Sawfishes (Pristidae) were formerly abundant in the western Indian Ocean, but current data on sawfish presence and distribution are lacking for most of the region. This paper summarises historical records of sawfishes in Mozambican waters and presents the findings of the first assessment of the presence and status of sawfishes in Mozambique. A countrywide baseline assessment was undertaken between May and July 2014, using interviews with artisanal, semi-industrial and industrial fishers, fish traders and fisheries monitoring staff as the primary source of information on sawfish distribution, recent catches, socio-economic value and cultural importance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#17
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125722/antimicrobial-use-and-veterinary-care-among-agro-pastoralists-in-northern-tanzania
#18
Mark A Caudell, Marsha B Quinlan, Murugan Subbiah, Douglas R Call, Casey J Roulette, Jennifer W Roulette, Adam Roth, Louise Matthews, Robert J Quinlan
Frequent and unregulated use of antimicrobials (AM) in livestock requires public health attention as a likely selection pressure for resistant bacteria. Studies among small-holders, who own a large percentage of the world's livestock, are vital for understanding how practices involving AM use might influence resistance. We present a cultural-ecological mixed-methods analysis to explore sectors of veterinary care, loosely regulated AM use, and human exposure to AMs through meat and milk consumption across three rural to peri-urban Tanzanian ethnic groups (N = 415 households)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124423/clinical-management-of-brucella-suis-infection-in-dogs-and-implications-for-public-health
#19
D R James, G Golovsky, J M Thornton, L Goodchild, M Havlicek, P Martin, M B Krockenberger, Dje Marriott, V Ahuja, R Malik, S M Mor
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis caused by Brucella suis is a notifiable disease that has recently emerged in dogs in New South Wales (NSW). Given the potential for zoonotic transmission, euthanasia of affected dogs is recommended, but this action is not mandatory. We report the clinical management of three dogs that underwent treatment at their owners' request. CASE REPORTS: A 14-month-old spayed female crossbreed originally obtained from an urban animal shelter underwent extensive investigations in 2011-12 for lameness and back pain, culminating in decompressive laminectomy...
January 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122502/occurrence-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-in-cattle-feces-and-contamination-of-carcass-and-various-contact-surfaces-in-abattoir-and-butcher-shops-of-hawassa-ethiopia
#20
Biruhtesfa Atnafie, Degmawi Paulos, Mesele Abera, Genene Tefera, Dereje Hailu, Surafel Kasaye, Kebede Amenu
BACKGROUND: Despite of the sanitation measures in municipal abattoirs to reduce contamination, Escherichia coli continues to be a health hazard. The present study was conducted on 150 apparently healthy slaughtered cattle at municipal abattoir and in 50 different butcher shops in Hawassa town, Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were investigating the occurrence and antimicrobial resistance of E. coli O157:H7 isolated from fecal samples, carcasses swab, contacts surfaces (swabs of meat handlers hands, knife and clothes of meat transporters) as well as from butcher shops (meat samples, swabs from cutting board swab, butcher men hand and knife surface)...
January 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
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