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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538926/students-health-an-integrative-review-on-family-and-bullying
#1
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Julliane Messias Cordeiro Sampaio, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Bullying is a public health problem and this integrative review's aim was to assess the relationship between family context and the occurrence of such a phenomenon. Its original contribution is to broadly address this type of violence. The SPIDER strategy was used to develop the study, which was guided by the question: what is the role of the family in the development, perpetuation and prevention of bullying? The following databases were searched: PsycInfo and Lilacs, and the SciELO Virtual Library using the descriptors 1...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537950/factors-associated-with-success-of-clinician-researchers-receiving-career-development-awards-from-the-national-institutes-of-health-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Reshma Jagsi, Kent A Griffith, Rochelle D Jones, Abigail Stewart, Peter A Ubel
PURPOSE: Understanding the careers of recent career development awardees is essential to guide interventions to ensure gender equity and success in academic medicine. METHOD: In 2010-2011 (T1) and 2014 (T2), 1,719 clinician-researchers who received new K08 and K23 awards in 2006-2009 were longitudinally surveyed. Multivariable analyses evaluated the influence of factors on success, including demographics, job characteristics, work environment, priorities, and domestic responsibilities...
May 23, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535101/design-challenges-of-an-episode-based-payment-model-in-oncology-the-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-oncology-care-model
#3
Ronald M Kline, L Daniel Muldoon, Heidi K Schumacher, Larisa M Strawbridge, Andrew W York, Laura K Mortimer, Alison F Falb, Katherine J Cox, Carol Bazell, Ellen W Lukens, Mary C Kapp, Rahul Rajkumar, Amy Bassano, Patrick H Conway
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services developed the Oncology Care Model as an episode-based payment model to encourage participating practitioners to provide higher-quality, better-coordinated care at a lower cost to the nearly three-quarter million fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries with cancer who receive chemotherapy each year. Episode payment models can be complex. They combine into a single benchmark price all payments for services during an episode of illness, many of which may be delivered at different times by different providers in different locations...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534150/examining-the-contemporaneous-short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-secondary-exposure-to-violence-on-adolescent-substance-use
#4
Gregory M Zimmerman, Mackenzie Kushner
The relationship between secondary exposure to violence-defined as witnessing violence in the home, community, or school-and adolescent substance use is well-documented. Yet, multi-wave empirical studies examining this relationship are sparse. In addition, studies have only begun to examine whether this relationship varies by the situational components of the violent event. Using data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), this study examines the contemporaneous, short-term, and long-term effects of secondary exposure to violence on substance use, and whether witnessing violence in which a weapon is present has a different impact on adolescent substance use than does witnessing violence without a weapon...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533760/the-role-of-prosocialness-and-trust-in-the-consumption-of-water-as-a-limited-resource
#5
Esther Cuadrado, Carmen Tabernero, Rocío García, Bárbara Luque, Jan Seibert
This research analyzes the role of prosocialness and trust in the use of water as a limited resource under situations of competition or cooperation. For this purpose, 107 participants played the role of farmers and made decisions about irrigating their fields in the web-based multiplayer game Irrigania. Before the simulation exercise, participants' prosocialness and trust levels were evaluated and they were randomly assigned to an experimental condition (competition or cooperation). Repeated measures analysis, using the 10 fields and the experimental conditions as factors, showed that, in the cooperation condition, farmers and their villages used a less selfish strategy to cultivate their fields, which produced greater benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532736/emotional-intelligence-and-coping-styles-an-intervention-in-geriatric-nurses
#6
Carmen María Sarabia-Cobo, Soraya González Suárez, Ernesto J Menéndez Crispín, A Belén Sarabia Cobo, Victoria Pérez, Pablo de Lorena, Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez, Laura Sanlúcar Gross
Current research indicates a relationship between EI, stress, coping strategies, well-being and mental health. Emotional intelligence skills and knowledge, and coping strategies can be increased with training. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to use a controlled design to test the impact of theoretically based training on the different components of EI and coping styles in a sample of nurses working with older adults. METHODS: A group of 92 professionals (RN and CAN) who attended a workshop on EI were included in the study...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532410/malaria-mortality-characterization-and-the-relationship-between-malaria-mortality-and-climate-in-chimoio-mozambique
#7
João Luís Ferrão, Jorge M Mendes, Marco Painho, Sara Zacarias
BACKGROUND: The United Nation's sustainable development goal for 2030 is to eradicate the global malaria epidemic, primarily as the disease continues to be one of the major concerns for public health in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2015, the region accounted for 90% of malaria deaths. Mozambique recorded a malaria mortality rate of 42.75 (per 100,000). In Chimoio, Mozambique's fifth largest city, malaria is the fourth leading cause of death (9.4%). Few data on malaria mortality exists in Mozambique, particularly in relation to Chimoio...
May 22, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531240/public-knowledge-and-understanding-of-dementia-evidence-from-a-national-survey-in-ireland
#8
Ronan W Glynn, Emer Shelley, Brian A Lawlor
Background: there is growing consensus around the importance of population level approaches which seek to improve public knowledge and awareness of dementia. Aim: to assess knowledge of the relationship between dementia and ageing, and of the risk and protective factors associated with it, among the general public in Ireland. Design: cross-sectional survey. Participants selected using quota sampling based on Census data. Methods: the final sample of 1,217 respondents provided estimates of dementia knowledge in the Irish population...
May 22, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530116/autism-and-attachment-difficulties-overlap-of-symptoms-implications-and-innovative-solutions
#9
Rebecca McKenzie, Rudi Dallos
This article explores overlap of symptoms between autism and attachment difficulties and suggests innovative solutions based on formulation. Currently, clinicians express difficulties in differentiating between these conditions contributing to misdiagnosis. Research into the prevalence of attachment difficulties among children with autism often fails to reflect detailed knowledge of attachment theory. Consequently, studies in this area employ questionable modifications to attachment measures and methods of analysis...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528799/a-multifactorial-obesity-model-developed-from-nationwide-public-health-exposome-data-and-modern-computational-analyses
#10
LisaAnn S Gittner, Barbara J Kilbourne, Ravi Vadapalli, Hafiz M K Khan, Michael A Langston
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Obesity is both multifactorial and multimodal, making it difficult to identify, unravel and distinguish causative and contributing factors. The lack of a clear model of aetiology hampers the design and evaluation of interventions to prevent and reduce obesity. METHODS: Using modern graph-theoretical algorithms, we are able to coalesce and analyse thousands of inter-dependent variables and interpret their putative relationships to obesity...
May 18, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#12
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528208/mentoring-interventions-and-the-impact-of-protective-assets-on-the-reproductive-health-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#13
REVIEW
Kate F Plourde, Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Donna R McCarraher
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS and other negative reproductive health (RH) outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that programs to build AGYW's assets can help reduce their vulnerability to poor RH. Mentoring interventions have demonstrated a positive impact on a variety of youth development outcomes, including the protective assets needed to circumvent poor RH outcomes. The purpose of this review was to understand the types of mentoring programs for AGYW that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving protective assets, and/or, RH knowledge, intentions, behaviors, or outcomes themselves...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527212/apolipoprotein-e4-gender-body-mass-index-inflammation-insulin-resistance-and-air-pollution-interactions-recipe-for-alzheimer-s-disease-development-in-mexico-city-young-females
#14
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Suzanne M de la Monte
Given the epidemiological trends of increasing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and growing evidence that exposure and lifestyle factors contribute to AD risk and pathogenesis, attention should be paid to variables such as air pollution, in order to reduce rates of cognitive decline and dementia. Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) above the US EPA standards is associated with AD risk. Mexico City children experienced pre- and postnatal high exposures to PM2.5, O3, combustion-derived iron-rich nanoparticles, metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and endotoxins...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520634/associations-between-parental-factors-and-child-diabetes-management-related-behaviors
#15
Aditi Lohan, Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Adherence to diabetes-management regimens in children requires teamwork and consistency from both parents and children. This study investigated a mediational model developed to understand the relationship between different modifiable parent factors influencing child diabetes-related behaviors. METHODS: We recruited 186 parents of children aged 2 to 10 years with Type 1 diabetes to complete self-report questionnaires on child diabetes behavior, parental self-efficacy with managing the child's behavior, parent diabetes self-efficacy, parent adjustment, condition management effort, parent perception of their diabetes knowledge, and parenting behavior...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514332/-clinical-significance-of-nausea-in-migraine
#16
O V Serousova, M I Karpova, A I Dolgushina, A F Vasilenko, V V Markova, D S Altman
AIM: To study the prevalence and intensity of nausea in pain, prodromal and postdromal phases of migraine paroxysm, and in between the paroxysms in migraine patients, depending on the type of migraine paroxysm and frequency of pain days, and to evaluate an effect of nausea on the course of migraine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and four patients with migraine, aged from 18 to 60 years, were examined. The intensity of nausea was evaluated by a 5-point verbal analogue scale, and its intensity in between the paroxysms by the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514322/relationship-between-a-sepsis-intervention-bundle-and-in-hospital-mortality-among-hospitalized-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-of-real-world-data
#17
Priya A Prasad, Erica R Shea, Stephen Shiboski, Mary C Sullivan, Ralph Gonzales, David Shimabukuro
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a systemic response to infection that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death. Efforts have been made to develop evidence-based intervention bundles to identify and manage sepsis early in the course of the disease to decrease sepsis-related morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the relationship between a minimally invasive sepsis intervention bundle and in-hospital mortality using robust methods for observational data. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at the University of California, San Francisco, Medical Center among adult patients discharged between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014, and who received a diagnosis of severe sepsis/septic shock (SS/SS)...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513056/lessons-learned-from-a-pilot-study-of-an-indigenous-patient-navigator-intervention-in-queensland-australia
#18
C M Bernardes, J Martin, P Cole, T Kitchener, G Cowburn, G Garvey, E Walpole, P C Valery
Indigenous patient navigator (IPN) programmes show promise in addressing barriers to cancer care and facilitation of patient self-efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to describe and reflect upon the experience of training an IPN and implementation of the intervention in the Australian context with Indigenous cancer patients. Randomised clinical trial might provide the best available evaluation measure of an intervention but caution should be taken in the implementation process. Socio-cultural aspects and training can affect the conduct of this type of intervention...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#19
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512436/transition-to-kindergarten-negative-associations-between-the-emotional-availability-in-mother-child-relationships-and-elevated-cortisol-levels-in-children-with-an-immigrant-background
#20
Constanze Rickmeyer, Judith Lebiger-Vogel, Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber
Background: The transition to child care is a challenging time in a child's life and leads to elevated levels of cortisol. These elevations may be influenced by the quality of the mother-child relationship. However, remarkably little is known about cortisol production in response to the beginning of child care among children-at-risk such as children with an immigrant background. However, attending kindergarten or any other child day-care institution can for example have a compensating effect on potential language deficits thus improving the educational opportunities of these children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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