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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928708/neural-patterns-of-reorganization-after-intensive-robot-assisted-virtual-reality-therapy-and-repetitive-task-practice-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#1
Soha Saleh, Gerard Fluet, Qinyin Qiu, Alma Merians, Sergei V Adamovich, Eugene Tunik
Several approaches to rehabilitation of the hand following a stroke have emerged over the last two decades. These treatments, including repetitive task practice (RTP), robotically assisted rehabilitation and virtual rehabilitation activities, produce improvements in hand function but have yet to reinstate function to pre-stroke levels-which likely depends on developing the therapies to impact cortical reorganization in a manner that favors or supports recovery. Understanding cortical reorganization that underlies the above interventions is therefore critical to inform how such therapies can be utilized and improved and is the focus of the current investigation...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927322/-it-s-important-that-we-learn-too-empowering-parents-to-facilitate-participation-in-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth-with-disabilities
#2
Claire E Willis, Siobhan Reid, Catherine Elliott, Astrid Nyquist, Reidun Jahnsen, Michael Rosenberg, Sonya Girdler
AIM: The actions and behaviors of parents have been identified as key factors that influence a child's participation in physical activity. However, there is limited knowledge of how parents can be supported to embody facilitative roles. This study aimed to explore how an ecological intervention encourages parents of children with disabilities to develop as facilitators, to enable ongoing physical activity participation in a child's local environment. METHODS: A qualitative design using grounded theory was employed...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926028/achieving-an-optimal-allocation-of-resources-for-animal-health-surveillance-intervention-and-disease-mitigation
#3
B Hasler, A Delabouglise, S Babo Martins
The primary role of animal health economics is to inform decision-making by determining optimal investments for animal health. Animal health surveillance produces information to guide interventions. Consequently, investments in surveillance and intervention must be evaluated together. This article explores the different theoretical frameworks and methods developed to assess and optimise the spending of resources in surveillance and intervention and their technical interdependence. The authors present frameworks that define the relationship between health investment and losses due to disease, and the relationship between surveillance and intervention resources...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925586/haemopref-further-evaluation-of-patient-perception-and-preference-for-treatment-in-a-real-world-setting
#4
S Bonanad, M Schulz, A Gordo, D Spurden, M Cicchetti, J C Cappelleri, C Tolley, H Staunton, E Brohan
INTRODUCTION: Adherence to haemophilia A (HA) treatment may be influenced by patients' beliefs about their condition and treatment. Furthermore, difficulties administering treatment may lead to poor adherence. New treatment strategies aim to reduce the burden associated with administration and to improve patient perception of treatment, which, in turn, increase adherence levels. AIMS: This study aimed to examine patient perception of HA treatment and related factors using patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires and to confirm the psychometric properties of a recently developed questionnaire, the HaemoPREF...
September 19, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924334/from-the-cradle-to-the-grave-the-effect-of-adverse-caregiving-environments-on-attachment-and-relationships-throughout-the-lifespan
#5
Colleen Doyle, Dante Cicchetti
This paper reviews research examining the effects of adverse early caregiving on relationships throughout the lifespan. Central attachment constructs are summarized and integrated into a review of research on the long-term effects of institutional rearing and child maltreatment. Findings are interpreted within the organizational perspective on development, which conceptualizes attachment as a stage-salient task of infancy that influences the reorganization of adaptive/maladaptive functioning around subsequent stage-salient tasks...
June 2017: Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924333/childhood-adversities-and-depression-in-adulthood-current-findings-and-future-directions
#6
Richard T Liu
Considerable support exists supporting a relationship between childhood adversities and adult depression. Consistent evidence has emerged linking early life adversities with a more chronic course for depression, as well as to poorer treatment outcomes. What remain decidedly less clear, however, are the moderators and mediating mechanisms underlying this association. This article provides a review of the existing research relating early adversities to adult depression, as well as recent studies suggestive of potential mediators and moderators of this relation...
June 2017: Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923762/translating-basic-research-into-clinical-practice-vitamin-d-in-asthma-mechanisms-of-action-and-considerations-for-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Paul E Pfeffer, Catherine M Hawrylowicz
There is increasing interest in the therapeutic utility of vitamin D in asthma, supported by a significant body of evidence on epidemiological associations between vitamin D insufficiency and worse asthma control. In support of a causal relationship, vitamin D beneficially modulates diverse immunological pathways in heterogeneous asthma endotypes, regulating the actions of lymphocytes, mast cells, antigen-presenting cells and structural cells to dampen excessive inflammatory responses. Allergic asthma is characterised by a failure of immune tolerance, and development of pathological responses to inhaled aeroallergens, and vitamin D has been extensively shown to support immune regulation...
September 15, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923387/characterization-and-structure-activity-relationship-study-of-iminodipyridinopyrimidines-as-novel-hepatitis-c-virus-inhibitor
#8
Dong-Sik Park, Eunji Jo, Jihyun Choi, MyungEun Lee, Soohyun Kim, Hee-Young Kim, Jiyon Nam, Sujin Ahn, Jong Yeon Hwang, Marc Peter Windisch
Upon high-throughput screening of synthetic small molecule libraries with the infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) cell culture system, we identified an iminodipyridinopyrimidine (IDPP) scaffold. IDPP did not inhibit HCV replication, but exhibited very potent inhibitory activity on early and late steps of HCV life cycle. Applying an intensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) study, a promising IDPP Lead compound (12c) with excellent potency (EC50 = 10 nM), high safety margin (SI > 2000), and an acceptable stability in human and rat liver microsomes (t1/2 >60 min) was identified...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923193/couples-experiences-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-a-dyadic-perspective
#9
Lichuan Ye, Mary T Antonelli, Danny G Willis, Karen Kayser, Atul Malhotra, Sanjay R Patel
OBJECTIVE: The majority of adults sleep with a partner, making sleep a dyadic experience. However, interventions to improve sleep have primarily focused on individuals. This qualitative analysis used a dyadic approach to identify facilitators and barriers to successful treatment of one of the most common sleep disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: Twenty joint qualitative interviews were conducted with couples, one couple at a time, with a sample of 20 patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their partners to develop an understanding of couples' experiences with CPAP use...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923160/applying-the-neurodynamics-of-emotional-circular-causalities-in-psychosocial-and-cognitive-therapy-using-multi-sensory-environments-an-orbde-case-study-analysis
#10
Janice Ryan
This exploratory, evidence-based practice research study focuses on presenting a plausible mesoscopic brain dynamics hypothesis for the benefits of treating clients with psychosocial and cognitive challenges using a mindful therapeutic approach and multi-sensory environments. After an extensive neuroscientific review of the therapeutic benefits of mindfulness, a multi-sensory environment is presented as a window of therapeutic opportunity to more quickly and efficiently facilitate the neurobiological experience of becoming more mindful or conscious of self and environment...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923041/lay-health-workers-perceptions-of-an-anemia-control-intervention-in-karnataka-india-a-qualitative-study
#11
Arun S Shet, Abha Rao, Paul Jebaraj, Maya Mascarenhas, Merrick Zwarenstein, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Salla Atkins
BACKGROUND: Lay health workers (LHWs) are increasingly used to complement health services internationally. Their perceptions of the interventions they implement and their experiences in delivering community based interventions in India have been infrequently studied. We developed a novel LHW led intervention to improve anemia cure rates in rural community dwelling children attending village day care centers in South India. Since the intervention is delivered by the village day care center LHW, we sought to understand participating LHWs' acceptance of and perspectives regarding the intervention, particularly in relation to factors affecting daily implementation...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922022/implementing-a-collaborative-coaching-intervention-for-professionals-providing-care-to-children-and-their-families-an-exploratory-study
#12
Sandy K Tatla, Dori Howard, Alda Antunes Silvestre, Stacey Burnes, Meghan Husson, Tal Jarus
The growing complexity of healthcare requires family and interprofessional partnerships to deliver effective care. Interprofessional coaching can enhance family-centred practice and collaboration. The purpose of this study was to explore the acceptability and feasibility of collaborative coaching training to improve family centredness within acute paediatric rehabilitation. Using a participatory action design, service providers (SPs; n = 36) underwent a 6-month coaching programme involving coaching workshops, learning triads, and tailored sessions with a licensed coach...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922020/seasonal-and-weather-variation-of-sleep-and-physical-activity-in-12-14-year-old-children
#13
Mirja Quante, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Emily R Kaplan, Michael Rueschman, Elsie M Taveras, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND: Understanding variation in physical activity (PA) and sleep is necessary to develop novel intervention strategies targeting adolescents' health behaviors. We examined the extent to which PA and sleep vary by aspects of the physical environment. PARTICIPANTS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 669 adolescents in the Project Viva cohort. METHODS: We estimated total PA, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and sleep midpoint timing from wrist accelerometers...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921654/influence-of-cocaine-related-images-and-alcohol-administration-on-inhibitory-control-in-cocaine-users
#14
Erika Pike, Katherine R Marks, William W Stoops, Craig R Rush
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and impulsivity, including decreased inhibitory control, predict poor treatment outcomes for individuals with cocaine use disorders. This study sought to determine the effects of alcohol administration on inhibitory control following cocaine-related and neutral cues on the Attentional Bias-Behavioral Activation (ABBA) task in cocaine users. We hypothesized that the proportion of inhibitory failures would increase following cocaine cues compared to neutral cues...
September 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919118/global-regional-and-national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-333-diseases-and-injuries-and-healthy-life-expectancy-hale-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Measurement of changes in health across locations is useful to compare and contrast changing epidemiological patterns against health system performance and identify specific needs for resource allocation in research, policy development, and programme decision making. Using the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we drew from two widely used summary measures to monitor such changes in population health: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE)...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918654/stakeholders-perceptions-sought-to-inform-the-development-of-a-low-cost-mobile-robot-for-older-adults-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#16
Justine S Sefcik, Michelle J Johnson, Mark Yim, Tessa Lau, Nicholas Vivio, Caio Mucchiani, Pamela Z Cacchione
Creative solutions are needed to support community-dwelling older adults residing in a variety of settings including their house, apartment, or Supportive Apartment Living (SAL) to promote independence and reduce the risk of nursing home replacement. The objective of this study was to gain an understanding of older adults' needs for physical, mental, and social activities to support the design and functionality of a low-cost mobile assistive robot. A qualitative descriptive study was designed which included three stakeholder focus groups (caregivers, clinicians, and older adults)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#17
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918413/post-traumatic-growth-and-its-relationship-to-quality-of-life-up-to-9-years-after-liver-transplantation-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#18
María Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, María Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, Rupert Conrad, Miguel Ángel Gómez-Bravo
OBJECTIVE: Little is known concerning post-traumatic growth (PTG) after liver transplantation. Against this backdrop the current study analysed the relationship between PTG and time since transplantation on quality of life. Furthermore, it compared PTG between liver transplant recipients and their caregivers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: University Hospital in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 240 adult liver transplant recipients who had undergone only one transplantation, with no severe mental disease, were the participants of the study...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#19
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917189/protective-factors-promoting-resilience-in-the-relation-between-child-sexual-victimization-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#20
Alba Pérez-González, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda, Adolfo Jarne
Sexual victimization has been one of the most frequently studied forms of child victimization. Its effects are common and diverse; however, not all children and youth exposed to sexual victimization eventually develop adjustment problems. A total of 1105 children and youth (590 male and 515 female) aged between 12 and 17 from northeastern Spain were assessed regarding their experiences of sexual victimization, symptoms of psychopathology, and protective factors. The results showed that all forms of sexual victimization were associated with higher levels of emotional and behavioral problems...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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