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Relationship development intervention

Alonzo T Folger, Emily A Eismann, Nicole B Stephenson, Robert A Shapiro, Maurizio Macaluso, Maggie E Brownrigg, Robert J Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine if maternal and paternal exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have a significant association with negative offspring development at 24 months of age in a suburban pediatric primary care population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 311 mother-child and 122 father-child dyads who attended a large pediatric primary care practice. Children were born from October 2012 to June 2014, and data were collected at the 2-, 4-, and 24-month well-child visits...
March 21, 2018: Pediatrics
Jillian Pugatch, Emily Grenen, Stacy Surla, Mary Schwarz, Heather Cole-Lewis
BACKGROUND: The rise in usage of and access to new technologies in recent years has led to a growth in digital health behavior change interventions. As the shift to digital platforms continues to grow, it is increasingly important to consider how the field of information architecture (IA) can inform the development of digital health interventions. IA is the way in which digital content is organized and displayed, which strongly impacts users' ability to find and use content. While many information architecture best practices exist, there is a lack of empirical evidence on the role it plays in influencing behavior change and health outcomes...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sara R Berzenski
Efforts to differentiate between the developmental sequelae of childhood emotional abuse and childhood emotional neglect are critical to both research and practice efforts. As an oft-identified mechanism of the effects of child maltreatment on later adjustment, emotion dysregulation represents a key potential pathway. The present study explored a higher order factor model of specific emotion regulation skills, and the extent to which these skill sets would indicate distinct developmental pathways from unique emotional maltreatment experiences to multidomain adjustment...
March 22, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Kyrill Gurtovenko, Madelaine Keim, Joy Kawamura, Kevin M King, Debra L Friedman, Bruce E Compas, David Breiger, Liliana J Lengua, Lynn Fainsilber Katz
Objective:  When a child is diagnosed with cancer, problems may arise in family relationships and negatively affect child adjustment. The current study examined patterns of spillover between marital and parent-child relationships to identify targets for intervention aimed at ameliorating family conflict. Method:  Families (N = 117) were recruited from two US children's hospitals within 2-week postdiagnosis to participate in a short-term prospective longitudinal study...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Meagen M Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes
The integration of advanced pharmacy services into community pharmacy practice is not complete. According to implementation research understanding professional culture, as a part of context, may provide insights for accelerating this process. There are three objectives in this study. The first objective of this study was to validate an adapted version of an organizational culture measure in a sample of United States' (US) community pharmacists. The second objective was to examine potential relationships between the cultural factors identified using the validated instrument and a number of socialization and education variables...
March 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Kylie Wheelock, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Rob McConnell, Deliang Tang, Heather E Volk, Ya Wang, Julie B Herbstman, Shuang Wang, David H Phillips, David Camann, Jicheng Gong, Frederica Perera
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous air pollutants associated with negative impacts on growth, development and behavior in children. Source-specific biological markers of PAH exposure are needed for targeting interventions to protect children. Nitro-derivatives of PAH can act as markers of exposure to diesel exhaust, gasoline exhaust, or general combustion sources. Using a novel HPLC-APCI-MS/MS detection method, we examined four hemoglobin (Hb) adducts of nitro-PAH metabolites and the Hb adduct of a benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) metabolite in 22 umbilical cord blood samples...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahdah, Vincenzo Fierro, Maria C Artesani, Rocco Valluzzi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The epidemiology of food allergy did inspire theories on the reasons for the recent surge of the disease. We offer here a reasoned review on the relationships between the trajectories of human development and the trend of the food allergy epidemics. RECENT FINDINGS: The exponential trend of the frequency of food allergy paralleled the explosive acceleration of the human development over the last few decades. Dietary factors have been indicated as responsible for these trends and targeted for potential preventive strategies...
March 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent
Plain English summary: The involvement of patients in health research has resulted in the development of more effective interventions and policies in healthcare that respond to the needs of healthcare users. This article examines how working with youth and their families as co-researchers in health research communities of practice (CoPs), rather than just as participants, can benefit all involved. Health research (CoPs) promote an environment in which co-researchers have the opportunity to do more than just participate in the data collection phase of the research process...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
Kirk R Bingham, Jeffrey B Riley, Gregory J Schears
Anticoagulation during infant-pediatric extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been a topic of study for many years, but management of anticoagulation is still only partially understood. Adequate anticoagulation during ECLS is imperative for successful outcomes and understanding the individual variables that play part is crucial for properly implementing anticoagulation management strategies. The purpose of our study was to compare the relationships between the variables of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), activated clotting time, international normalized ratio, bleeding, thrombus formation, kaolin + heparinase thromboelastograph alpha angle, kaolin thromboelastograph reaction time (KTEG R-time), heparin dose rates (HDR), antithrombin (AT), anti-Xa, bivalirudin dose rate, argatroban dose rate, interventions, and transfusions...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Claudia Orozco Gómez, Jane Dimmitt Champion, María Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents may be infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) during their first sexual relationship. Persistent infections in adulthood may result in associated cancers among both women and men. This study explored condom use action plans, its influence on sexual activity in adolescents, and associated HPV protective behavior. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used. A convenience sample including adolescents ( N =313; male n = 171, female n = 142), aged 15 to 17 years, attending one of three public high schools in Mexico was recruited...
January 1, 2018: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Amy Rodda, Annette Estes
Social impairments are the sine qua non of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, children with ASD are capable of forming reciprocal friendships and many people with ASD have a strong desire for friends. Developing and maintaining friendships is associated with many important outcomes, including improved quality of life, mental health, and academic achievement. Children with ASD often attend groups to improve social skills, but strategies for building and maintaining friendships are not consistently addressed or measured following intervention...
April 2018: Seminars in Speech and Language
John Tran, Philip W H Peng, Karen Lam, Ehtesham Baig, Anne M R Agur, Michael Gofeld
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The knee joint is the most common site of osteoarthritis. While joint replacement is considered an ultimate solution, radiofrequency denervation may be contemplated in some cases. Radiofrequency ablation requires precise localization of the articular branches innervating the joint capsule. The objective of this cadaveric study was to determine the source, course, relationships, and frequency of articular branches innervating the anterior knee joint capsule. METHODS: Fifteen knees were meticulously dissected...
March 17, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Shenghua Li, Fei Xu, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Lap Ah Tse, Yaqing Xiong, Daowen Chen
BACKGROUND: The present association between socioeconomic status (SES) and stroke is positive in developing communities, but it is negative in developed countries where a positive SES-stroke relationship was recorded several decades ago. We hypothesized that the SES-stroke relationship in developing societies mirrors the trajectory of the Western countries at some stage of economic development. This study aimed to examine whether this inflexion is approaching in China. METHODS: This study comprises of two cross-sectional surveys conducted in the same urban areas of Nanjing, China in 2000 (S2000) and 2011 (S2011) using the same selection criteria (i...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Arnethea L Sutton, Jun He, Megan C Edmonds, Vanessa B Sheppard
Studies indicate that Black patients report higher medical mistrust compared to their White counterparts. However, little is known about factors associated with higher medical mistrust among Black breast cancer patients. We examined predictors of medical mistrust and relationships between medical mistrust, subscales of mistrust, and process of care factors to identify opportunities to promote positive healthcare interactions between the trustees (e.g., providers) and Black breast cancer patients, or the trustors...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Allen Yan Lun Liu, Jiexun Wang, Milind Nikam, Boon Cheok Lai, Lee Ying Yeoh
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalised patients. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of having AKI for patients in the acute hospital setting is not known, particularly in the Asian population. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-centre, observational study conducted in Singapore, a multiethnic population. All patients aged ≥21 years and hospitalised from January to December 2013 were recruited. Results: A total of 12,555 patients were eligible for the analysis...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology
Laurie E Powers, Ann Fullerton, Jessica Schmidt, Sarah Geenen, Molly Oberweiser-Kennedy, JoAnn Dohn, May Nelson, Rosemary Iavanditti, Jennifer Blakeslee
Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood...
February 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Joo Yun Lee, Yul Ha Min
BACKGROUND: Interventions that promote adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) adherence are critical to improve breast cancer survival. The development of interventions would benefit from a better understanding of the reasons for adherence and the causal relationships of determinants using theoretical or model approaches. The aim of the present study was to identify reasons for AET adherence in breast cancer patients with sequential relationships and inter-relationships. METHODS: A total of 210 participants with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer who received AET completed a questionnaire assessing demographic/medical, psychological, and endocrine therapy (ET)-specific factors...
March 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Elsa Garot, Alice Denis, Yves Delbos, David Manton, Mihiri Silva, Patrick Rouas
OBJECTIVES: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) and Hypomineralised Second Primary Molars (HSPM) involve qualitative structural developmental anomalies of tooth enamel affecting the first permanent molars (and often incisors) and the second primary molars, respectively. A putative relationship between HSPM and MIH has been reported in the scientific literature. The aim was to determine whether children with HSPM are more likely to develop MIH. SOURCE: A systematic search using PubMed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library electronic databases for publications from 2001 to August 2017 investigating the link between MIH and HSPM was undertaken...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Pia Bornefeld-Ettmann, Regina Steil, Klara A Lieberz, Martin Bohus, Sophie Rausch, Julia Herzog, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Meike Müller-Engelmann
BACKGROUND: Impairments in sexual functioning and sexual satisfaction are very common in women who have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA). A growing body of literature suggests a high prevalence of sexual distress in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the influence of sexual trauma exposure per se and the influence of PTSD symptoms on impairments in sexual functioning remain unclear. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of sexual trauma exposure and PTSD on sexual functioning and sexual satisfaction by comparing 3 groups of women...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Laura Desveaux, James Shaw, Marianne Saragosa, Charlene Soobiah, Husayn Marani, Jennifer Hensel, Payal Agarwal, Nike Onabajo, R Sacha Bhatia, Lianne Jeffs
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of Web-based solutions for health prevention and promotion presents opportunities to improve self-management and adherence to guideline-based therapy for individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Despite promising preliminary evidence, many users stop using Web-based solutions due to the burden of data entry, hidden costs, loss of interest, and a lack of comprehensive features. Evaluations tend to focus on effectiveness or impact and fail to evaluate the nuanced variables that may interact to contribute to outcome success (or failure)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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