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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434193/mediators-of-socioeconomic-differences-in-adiposity-among-youth-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, N Lien, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Youth with a low socioeconomic position in developed countries are at a disproportionately higher risk of being overweight or obese than their counterparts. Tackling these inequalities requires that the mechanisms behind them are well understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to summarize existing evidence regarding the factors that mediate or contribute to the explanation of the relationship between socioeconomic position and adiposity among youth...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431516/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-disease-prevention-measures-a-methodological-note-on-defining-incidence-rates
#2
Yin-Bun Cheung, Ying Xu, Matthew Cairns, Paul Milligan
BACKGROUND: In studies of recurrent events, it is common to consider a person who has suffered a disease episode and received curative treatment to be not at risk of suffering a new episode for a duration of time. It is a common practice to deduct this duration from the person's observation time in the statistical analysis of the incidence data. METHODS: We examined the concepts of incidence and protective efficacy from a real life point of view. We developed simple formulae to show the relationship between the incidence rate and protective efficacy between analyses with and without deducting the curative treatment time from the observation time...
April 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427838/stratification-strategy-for-evaluating-the-influence-of-diabetes-complication-severity-index-on-the-risk-of-hospitalization-a-record-linkage-data-in-western-australia
#3
Ninh Thi Ha, Mark Harris, Suzanne Robinson, David Preen, Rachael Moorin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a risk stratification strategy for evaluating the relationship between complications of diabetes and the risk of diabetic-related hospitalization to accurately classify diabetes severity. METHODS: The study used administrative health records for 40,624 individuals with diabetes aged ≥18years in Western Australian. The adapted Diabetes Complication Severity Index (DCSI), socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were used in random effects negative binomial and threshold effect models to determine the optimal stratification strategy for diabetes severity based on the homogeneity of the risk of hospitalization in response to variation of the DCSI...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426836/facework-and-trust-in-facilitating-health-focused-housing-interventions
#4
Dominic Aitken, Philip Hodgson, Glenda Cook, Allison Lawson
The link between housing and health is of increasing importance in the UK policy and practice context, in which poor housing is often accepted as a social determinant of poor health. Service users' experiences of, and outcomes from, a British information, advice, support and guidance service focused on the relationship between housing problems and health issues were explored. This service facilitates home improvements for privately housed residents with housing issues exacerbating or causing health problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425727/longitudinal-associations-of-neighborhood-collective-efficacy-and-maternal-corporal-punishment-with-behavior-problems-in-early-childhood
#5
Julie Ma, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Neighborhood and parenting influences on early behavioral outcomes are strongly dependent upon a child's stage of development. However, little research has jointly considered the longitudinal associations of neighborhood and parenting processes with behavior problems in early childhood. To address this limitation, this study explores the associations of neighborhood collective efficacy and maternal corporal punishment with the longitudinal patterns of early externalizing and internalizing behavior problems...
April 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425562/couples-with-intimate-partner-violence-seeking-relationship-help-associations-and-implications-for-self-help-and-online-interventions
#6
McKenzie K Roddy, Emily J Georgia, Brian D Doss
In-person conjoint treatments for relationship distress are effective at increasing relationship satisfaction, and newly developed online programs are showing promising results. However, couples reporting even low levels intimate partner violence (IPV) are traditionally excluded from these interventions. To improve the availability of couple-based treatment for couples with IPV, the present study sought to determine whether associations with IPV found in community samples generalized to couples seeking help for their relationship and whether web-based interventions for relationship distressed worked equally well for couples with IPV...
April 20, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424558/parents-relationship-to-pain-during-children-s-cancer-treatment-a-preliminary-validation-of-the-pain-flexibility-scale-for-parents
#7
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, Sandra Weineland Strandskov, JoAnne Dahl, Gustaf Ljungman
OBJECTIVES: Pain is one of the most frequent and burdensome symptoms for children with cancer. Psychological acceptance has been shown to be beneficial in chronic pain. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced pain have been shown to predict increased pain tolerance and decreased pain intensity. An acceptance-based pilot study for children with cancer experiencing pain has shown promising results. Further, parental acceptance has been shown to predict decreased child distress...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424107/early-maturation-and-substance-use-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-finnish-twins
#8
Jeanne E Savage, Richard J Rose, Lea Pulkkinen, Karri Silventoinen, Tellervo Korhonen, Jaakko Kaprio, Nathan Gillespie, Danielle M Dick
Early maturation, indexed by pubertal development (PD), has been associated with earlier initiation and greater frequency of adolescent substance use, but this relationship may be biased by confounding factors and effects that change across development. Using a population-based Finnish twin sample (N = 3,632 individuals), we conducted twin modeling and multilevel structural equation modeling of the relationship between PD and substance use at ages 12-22. Shared environmental factors contributed to early PD and heavier substance use for females...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421474/social-safeness-and-disordered-eating-exploring-underlying-mechanisms-of-body-appreciation-and-inflexible-eating
#9
Catarina Pinto, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes, Inês A Trindade
Feelings of social safeness and connectedness have been associated with adaptive emotion regulation processes and well-being indicators. Further, literature has demonstrated that interpersonal experiences play an important role in the etiology and maintenance of body and eating psychopathology. However, the study of the role of social variables and emotion regulation processes in the engagement in inflexible eating rules and eating psychopathology is still in its early stages. The current study aims to fill some gaps within the literature and explore the mediator role of body appreciation and inflexible eating rules in the link between social safeness and disordered eating...
April 18, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419975/animal-models-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-prospects-for-circuit-intervention
#10
REVIEW
Tobias Kaiser, Yang Zhou, Guoping Feng
Monogenic animal models for psychiatric diseases have enabled researchers to dissect the relationship between certain candidate genes, neural circuit abnormalities, and behavioral phenotypes along development. Early reports of phenotypic reversal after genetic restoration in mouse models sparked hope that genetic defects do not damage circuits irreversibly in early-onset disorders. However, further studies have suggested that only some circuits exhibit this plasticity, while many others require proper gene function during development...
April 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419649/a-paradigm-for-examining-stress-effects-on-alcohol-motivated-behaviors-in-participants-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#11
Mary E McCaul, Gary S Wand, Elise M Weerts, Xiaoqiang Xu
Although epidemiological research has shown an increase in drinking following stressors and trauma, limited paradigms have been validated to study the relationship between stress and drinking in the human laboratory. The current study developed a progressive ratio (PR) operant procedure to examine the effects of psychosocial stress on alcohol craving and several alcohol-motivated behaviors in persons with alcohol use disorder. Current heavy, nontreatment-seeking drinkers (N = 30) were media-recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment of recent drinking, mood and health...
April 17, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419170/evaluation-of-the-relative-efficacy-of-a-couple-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-cbt-for-premenstrual-disorders-pmds-in-comparison-to-one-to-one-cbt-and-a-wait-list-control-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
DESIGN: A randomised control trial (RCT) was conducted to examine the efficacy of couple-based cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for Premenstrual Disorders (PMDs), in comparison to one-to-one CBT and a wait-list control. METHODS: Triangulation of quantitative and qualitative outcome measures evaluated changes pre-post intervention. Eighty three women were randomly allocated across three conditions, with 63 completing post-intervention measures, a retention rate of 76%...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418404/a-pathway-linking-reward-circuitry-impulsive-sensation-seeking-and-risky-decision-making-in-young-adults-identifying-neural-markers-for-new-interventions
#13
H W Chase, J C Fournier, M A Bertocci, T Greenberg, H Aslam, R Stiffler, J Lockovich, S Graur, G Bebko, E E Forbes, M L Phillips
High trait impulsive sensation seeking (ISS) is common in 18-25-year olds, and is associated with risky decision-making and deleterious outcomes. We examined relationships among: activity in reward regions previously associated with ISS during an ISS-relevant context, uncertain reward expectancy (RE), using fMRI; ISS impulsivity and sensation-seeking subcomponents; and risky decision-making in 100, transdiagnostically recruited 18-25-year olds. ISS, anhedonia, anxiety, depression and mania were measured using self-report scales; clinician-administered scales also assessed the latter four...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417575/effect-of-weight-reduction-on-hemoglobin-a1c-in-weight-loss-trials-of-type-2-diabetes-patients
#14
Anders Gummesson, Elisabeth Nyman, Mikael Knutsson, Martin Karpefors
AIMS: To quantify the effect of weight loss on HbA1c at group level based on data from published weight loss trials in overweight and obese type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL (January 1990 through December 2012) was conducted to identify prospective trials of energy-reduced diets, obesity drugs or bariatric surgery conducted in adult, overweight and obese T2D patients. Based on clinical data from 3 to 24 months of follow-up, a linear model was developed to describe the effect of weight reduction on HbA1c...
April 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416952/asthma-and-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-insight-into-the-heterogeneity-and-phenotypes-of-asthma
#15
REVIEW
Mary Claire Rolfes, Young Jun Juhn, Chung-Il Wi, Youn Ho Sheen
Asthma is traditionally regarded as a chronic airway disease, and recent literature proves its heterogeneity, based on distinctive clusters or phenotypes of asthma. In defining such asthma clusters, the nature of comorbidity among patients with asthma is poorly understood, by assuming no causal relationship between asthma and other comorbid conditions, including both communicable and noncommunicable diseases. However, emerging evidence suggests that the status of asthma significantly affects the increased susceptibility of the patient to both communicable and noncommunicable diseases...
April 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416466/risk-of-atrioesophageal-fistula-formation-with-contact-force-sensing-catheters
#16
Eric Black-Maier, Sean D Pokorney, Adam S Barnett, Emily P Zeitler, Albert Y Sun, Kevin P Jackson, Tristram D Bahnson, James P Daubert, Jonathan P Piccini
BACKGROUND: Atrioesophageal fistula formation is a rare but life-threatening complication of AF ablation. Contact force (CF) sensing catheters improve procedural effectiveness. However, the impact of the implementation of CF-sensing technology on risk of atrioesophageal fistula formation has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the use of CF sensing catheters and atrioesophageal fistula development METHODS: We searched the Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database for adverse event reports involving FDA approved ablation catheters...
April 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416268/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-risk-of-parkinson-disease-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#17
Yee-Lam E Chan, Ya-Mei Bai, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Tai-Long Pan, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has suggested a relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and neurodegenerative disorder, such as Alzheimer disease. The association between PTSD and Parkinson disease (PD), however, remains unclear. METHOD: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 7,280 subjects (1,456 patients aged ≥45 years with PTSD and 5,824 age-/sex-matched individuals without PTSD) were enrolled between 2002 and 2009 and followed to the end of 2011...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414570/perceived-stress-in-online-prostate-cancer-community-participants-examining-relationships-with-stigmatization-social-support-network-preference-and-social-support-seeking
#18
Camella J Rising, Nadine Bol, Amelia Burke-Garcia, Stephen Rains, Kevin B Wright
Men with prostate cancer often need social support to help them cope with illness-related physiological and psychosocial challenges. Whether those needs are met depends on receiving support optimally matched to their needs. This study examined relationships between perceived stress, prostate cancer-related stigma, weak-tie support preference, and online community use for social support in a survey of online prostate cancer community participants (n = 149). Findings revealed a positive relationship between stigma and perceived stress...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414326/mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-obesity-insights-for-translational-applications
#19
Kenichi Matsushita, Victor J Dzau
Obesity is now a major public health problem worldwide. Lifestyle modification to reduce the characteristic excess body adiposity is important in the treatment of obesity, but effective therapeutic intervention is still needed to control what has become an obesity epidemic. Unfortunately, many anti-obesity drugs have been withdrawn from market due to adverse side effects. Bariatric surgery therefore remains the most effective therapy for severe cases, although such surgery is invasive and researchers continue to seek new control strategies for obesity...
April 17, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413366/organizational-context-and-capabilities-for-integrating-care-a-framework-for-improvement
#20
Jenna M Evans, Agnes Grudniewicz, G Ross Baker, Walter P Wodchis
BACKGROUND: Interventions aimed at integrating care have become widespread in healthcare; however, there is significant variability in their success. Differences in organizational contexts and associated capabilities may be responsible for some of this variability. PURPOSE: This study develops and validates a conceptual framework of organizational capabilities for integrating care, identifies which of these capabilities may be most important, and explores the mechanisms by which they influence integrated care efforts...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
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