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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805929/the-impact-of-training-strategies-on-the-accuracy-of-genomic-predictors-in-united-states-red-angus-cattle
#1
J Lee, S D Kachman, M L Spangler
Genomic selection (GS) has become an integral part of genetic evaluation methodology and has been applied to all major livestock species, including beef and dairy cattle, pigs, and chickens. Significant contributions in increased accuracy of selection decisions have been clearly illustrated in dairy cattle after practical application of GS. In the majority of U.S. beef cattle breeds, similar efforts have also been made to increase the accuracy of genetic merit estimates through the inclusion of genomic information into routine genetic evaluations using a variety of methods...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805422/stakeholder-perspectives-on-a-toolkit-to-enhance-caregiver-participation-in-community-based-child-mental-health-services
#2
Rachel Haine-Schlagel, Molly Mechammil, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
Client engagement in services is a critical element of effective community-based child and family mental health service delivery. Caregiver engagement is particularly important, as caregivers often serve as gatekeepers to child mental health care and typically must consent for services, facilitate service attendance, and are often the target of intervention themselves. Unfortunately, caregiver engagement has been identified as a significant challenge in community-based child mental health services. To address this gap, the Parent And Caregiver Active Participation Toolkit (PACT), which includes therapist training and participation tools for caregivers and therapists, was developed...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802517/effectiveness-of-a-parent-training-program-in-spain-reducing-the-southern-european-evaluation-gap
#3
Noelia Vázquez, M Cruz Molina, Pilar Ramos, Lucía Artazcoz
OBJECTIVE: We implemented and evaluated the Parenting Skills Program for families in Spain 1) to examine differences in parenting skills, social support, children's behaviours and parental stress pre, immediately post and six months post intervention and 2) to identify mechanisms by which the intervention is related to changes in the four outcomes examined. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study design with pre (T0), post (T1), a follow-up (T2) and no control group, complemented by a qualitative study was used...
August 9, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801397/getting-the-right-balance-a-mixed-logit-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-uk-training-doctors-characteristics-and-their-specialties-using-the-2013-national-training-survey
#4
Idaira Rodriguez Santana, Martin Chalkley
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how training doctors' demographic and socioeconomic characteristics vary according to the specialty that they are training for. DESIGN: Descriptive statistics and mixed logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data to quantify evidence of systematic relationships between doctors' characteristics and their specialty. SETTING: Doctors in training in the United Kingdom in 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 27 530 doctors in training but not in their foundation year who responded to the National Training Survey 2013...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#5
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800444/do-parental-adhd-symptoms-reduce-the-efficacy-of-parent-training-for-preschool-adhd-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rex Forehand, Justin Parent, Virginia D Peisch, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Nicholas Long, Nicole Lafko Breslend, Howard B Abikoff
Previous studies have suggested that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may benefit less from behavioral parent training (BPT) if their parents have high levels of ADHD symptoms. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that parental ADHD symptoms reduce the efficacy of two BPT programs in a sample of preschoolers with ADHD. One intervention was specifically designed for children with ADHD (NFPP: New Forest Parenting Programme) and one was designed for children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (HNC: Helping the Noncompliant Child)...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798707/feasibility-of-motor-imagery-training-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-pilot-study
#7
Imke L J Adams, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Jessica M Lust, Peter H Wilson, Bert Steenbergen
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) experience movement difficulties that may be linked to processes involved in motor imagery (MI). This paper discusses recent advances in theory that underpin the use of MI training for children with DCD. This knowledge is translated in a new MI training protocol which is compared with the cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance (CO-OP). Children meeting DSM-5 criteria for DCD were assigned to MI (n = 4) or CO-OP (n = 4) interventions and completed nine treatment sessions, including homework exercises...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797182/a-systematic-review-of-workplace-disclosure-and-accommodation-requests-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-disabilities
#8
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Gabriella Carafa
PURPOSE: The objective of this systematic review is to critically appraise the literature on disability disclosure and workplace accommodations for youth and young adults with disabilities. METHODS: Systematic searches of nine international databases identified 27 studies meeting our inclusion criteria. These studies were analyzed with respect to the characteristics of the participants, methodology, results of the studies and the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: Among the 27 studies, 18,419 participants (aged 14-33, mean 23...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791693/atypical-antipsychotics-for-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-youths
#9
REVIEW
Jik H Loy, Sally N Merry, Sarah E Hetrick, Karolina Stasiak
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review, last published in 2012 (Loy 2012). Children and youths with disruptive behaviour disorders may present to health services, where they may be treated with atypical antipsychotics. There is increasing usage of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of disruptive behaviour disorders. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect and safety of atypical antipsychotics, compared to placebo, for treating disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths...
August 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791534/human-capital-accumulation-and-its-effect-on-agribusiness-performance-the-case-of-china
#10
Thomas Bilaliib Udimal, Zhuang Jincai, Emmanuel Caesar Ayamba, Patrick Boateng Sarpong
This study investigates the effect of accumulated human capital on the performance of agribusinesses in China. Four hundred fifty agribusiness owners were interviewed for the study. Growth in sales over the last 5 years was used as a measure of performance. The following variables were reviewed and captured as those constituting human capital: education, raised in the area, parents being entrepreneurs, attending business seminars/trade fairs, managerial experience, similar work experience, cooperative membership, and training...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790873/parent-child-interaction-therapy-current-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Corey C Lieneman, Laurel A Brabson, April Highlander, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically supported intervention originally developed to treat disruptive behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years. Since its creation over 40 years ago, PCIT has been studied internationally with various populations and has been found to be an effective intervention for numerous behavioral and emotional issues. This article summarizes progress in the PCIT literature over the past decade (2006-2017) and outlines future directions for this important work...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783460/engaging-parents-in-early-head-start-home-based-programs-how-do-home-visitors-do-this
#12
Caroline Shanti
Parental engagement is considered elemental to successful outcomes for parents and their children in early childhood home visiting programs. Engagement is that piece of parental involvement that refers to the working relationship between the parent and the home visitor. Multiple papers have called for research to pinpoint the ways in which home visitors work with parents to form these working relationships, and form partnerships to achieve positive outcomes. Analysis revealed that in individualizing their efforts to each family, home visitors follow semi-sequential steps in implementing engagement...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779937/effectiveness-of-yoga-training-program-on-the-severity-of-autism
#13
Mohammad Saber Sotoodeh, Elahe Arabameri, Maryam Panahibakhsh, Fatemeh Kheiroddin, Hatef Mirdoozandeh, Ahmad Ghanizadeh
This study examines the effect of yoga training program (YTP) on the severity of autism in children with High Function Autism (HFA). Twenty-nine children aged 7 to 15 (mean = 11.22, SD = 2.91) years were randomly allocated to either yoga or control group. The participants in the yoga group received an 8-week (24-session) Yoga Training Program (YTP). Parents or caregivers of participants completed autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC) at baseline and the end of the intervention. The results of the analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups with regards to all ATEC sub-scores except ATEC I (speech/language/communication)...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779917/mindfulness-programming-for-parents-and-teachers-of-children-with-adhd
#14
Carlin J Miller, Brianne Brooker
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at-risk for a range of suboptimal psychosocial outcomes, including mental health difficulties and heightened stress, problems perhaps ameliorated through mindfulness-based programming. OBJECTIVE: To show pilot data from an investigation of the outcomes of a purpose-built mindfulness training for parents and teachers of children with ADHD (N = 26). METHODS: The program represents a purpose-driven modification of the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) curriculum...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778110/breaking-bad-news-training-program-based-on-video-reviews-and-spikes-strategy-what-do-perinatology-residents-think-about-it
#15
Maria Silvia Vellutini Setubal, Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Sheyla Ribeiro Rocha, Eliana Martorano Amaral
Objective Resident doctors usually face the task to communicate bad news in perinatology without any formal training. The impact on parents can be disastrous. The objective of this paper is to analyze the perception of residents regarding a training program in communicating bad news in perinatology based on video reviews and setting, perception, invitation, knowledge, emotion, and summary (SPIKES) strategy. Methods We performed the analysis of complementary data collected from participants in a randomized controlled intervention study to evaluate the efficacy of a training program on improving residents' skills to communicate bad news...
August 4, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765090/data-relating-to-prenatal-lead-exposure-and-child-iq-at-4-and-8-years-old-in-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#16
Caroline M Taylor, Katarzyna Kordas, Jean Golding, Alan M Emond
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of child IQ were collected by trained psychologists. The Wechsler Pre-school and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Revised UK edition (WPPSI) was used at age 4 years in a subsample of children enrolled in ALSPAC (the Children in Focus cohort), chosen at random from the last 6 months of ALSPAC births (about 10% of the participants). At age 8 years all children enrolled in the main cohort were invited to complete a short form of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)-III (UK)...
July 29, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763742/the-increased-toxicity-of-uv-degraded-nitroguanidine-and-imx-101-to-zebrafish-larvae-evidence-implicating-oxidative-stress
#17
Kurt A Gust, Jacob K Stanley, Mitchell S Wilbanks, Michael L Mayo, Pornsawan Chappell, Shinita M Jordan, Lee C Moores, Alan J Kennedy, Natalie D Barker
Insensitive munitions (IMs) improve soldier safety by decreasing sympathetic detonation during training and use in theatre. IMs are being increasingly deployed, although the environmental effects of IM constituents such as nitroguanidine (NQ) and IM mixture formulations such as IMX-101 remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the acute (96h) toxicity of NQ and IMX-101 to zebrafish larvae (21d post-fertilization), both in the parent materials and after the materials had been irradiated with environmentally-relevant levels of ultraviolet (UV) light...
September 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762279/family-factors-in-adolescent-problematic-internet-gaming-a-systematic-review
#18
Luke A Schneider, Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro
Background and aims Familial influences are known to affect the likelihood of an adolescent becoming a problem gamer. This systematic review examined some of the key findings in empirical research on family factors related to adolescent problem gaming. Methods A total of 14 studies in the past decade were evaluated. Family-related variables included: (a) parent status (e.g., socioeconomic status and mental health), (b) parent-child relationship (e.g., warmth, conflict, and abuse), (c) parental influence on gaming (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#19
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
July 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756787/brief-behavioural-activation-brief-ba-for-adolescent-depression-a-pilot-study
#20
Laura Pass, Carl W Lejuez, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescence is a common and serious mental health problem. In the UK, access to evidence-based psychological treatments is limited, and training and employing therapists to deliver these is expensive. Brief behavioural activation for the treatment of depression (BATD) has great potential for use with adolescents and to be delivered by a range of healthcare professionals, but there is limited empirical investigation with this group. AIMS: To adapt BATD for depressed adolescents (Brief BA) and conduct a pilot study to assess feasibility, acceptability and clinical effectiveness...
July 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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