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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#1
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149875/prevalence-of-antibiotic-prescription-in-pediatric-outpatients-in-italy-the-role-of-local-health-districts-and-primary-care-physicians-in-determining-variation-a-multilevel-design-for-healthcare-decision-support
#2
Mirko Di Martino, Adele Lallo, Ursula Kirchmayer, Marina Davoli, Danilo Fusco
BACKGROUND: According to scientific literature, antibacterials are prescribed for common pediatric conditions that do not benefit from antibiotic therapy. The link between antibiotic use and bacterial resistance is well known. Antibiotic overprescribing generates high social costs and severe consequences for children. Our objectives were to analyze antibiotic prescription patterns in pediatric outpatients residing in the Lazio region (Italy), to identify physicians' characteristics associated with increased propensity for prescription, to identify the priority axes for action to improve the rational use of antibiotics...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148957/aerobic-exercise-training-performed-by-parents-reduces-mice-offspring-adiposity
#3
Paulo Vitor da Silva Romero, Débora Alves Guariglia, Francielli Ferreira Da Rocha, Caroline de Carvalho Picoli, Gustavo Renan Gilio, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Paulo Cesar de Freitas Mathias, Solange Marta Franzói de Moraes, Sidney Barnabé Peres
The present study aimed to determine the effects of physical training performed by parents on mice offspring adiposity. Male and female parents underwent an aerobic training protocol for 7 weeks. The trained and sedentary parents were allowed to mate and the resultant offspring divided in: S (Offspring from Sedentary Parents), T (Offspring from Trained Parents), ST (Offspring from Sedentary Father and Trained Mother) and TS (Offspring from Trained Father and Sedentary Mother). After weaning, offspring was euthanized, blood collected and samples of mesenteric and inguinal fat pads used to isolate adipocytes for morphologic and histological analyses...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145822/ultrasonographic-parameters-of-the-liver-spleen-and-kidneys-among-a-cohort-of-school-children-in-sri-lanka
#4
Dianne Tania Dayanthi Warnakulasuriya, Pattiya Pathirennahalage Uddika Chamila Peries, Yaddehi Arachchillage Chaminda Rathnasekara, KaluArachchige Thushari Madurika Jayawardena, Angappulige Upasena, Anada Rajitha Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Liver, spleen and kidney dimensions on ultrasonography vary with the age, weight and ethnicity. Reference standards of these parameters for normal Sri Lankan children are not available. Our aim was to establish normative data for longitudinal length of liver, spleen and kidneys in healthy children. METHOD: Three hundred fifty-seven children, 5-13 years of age were selected from two randomly selected schools in the Gampaha district in the western province of Sri Lanka...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144840/feasibility-of-using-the-general-movements-assessment-of-infants-in-the-united-states
#5
Eileen Ricci, Christa Einspieler, Alexa K Craig
AIMS: To pilot the practicality of administering the Prechtl General Movements Assessment of infants (GMA) in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting and at home to infants at risk for developing cerebral palsy (CP). Additional aims included assessing inter-rater reliability and comparing GMA predictions to AIMS motor assessment at 12 months. METHODS: 12 "at risk" infants were recruited by convenience sample. Video recordings were obtained in the NICU and provided by parents after discharge...
November 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139056/ensuring-implementation-fidelity-of-a-10-week-home-visiting-program-in-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#6
Monica L Oxford, Susan J Spieker, Mary Jane Lohr, Charles B Fleming, Colleen Dillon, Jennifer Rees
Introduction Implementation fidelity is a challenge for the adoption of evidence-based programs within social service broadly and child welfare specifically. However, implementation fidelity is critical for maintaining the integrity of clinical trials and for ensuring successful delivery of services in public health settings. Methods Promoting First Relationships (®) (PFR), a 10-week home visiting parenting intervention, was evaluated in two randomized clinical trials with populations of families in child welfare...
November 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132998/waiting-for-radiology-test-results-patient%C3%A2-expectations-and-emotional-disutility
#7
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132461/-clinical-features-of-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome-and-novel-mutation-in-the-crebbp-gene-an-analysis-of-one-case
#9
Yuan Li, Shan He, Hong-Ling Zhu
The patient was a girl aged 3 years and 8 months with normal body length and body weight at birth. The girl had feeding difficulty after birth. Her height, body weight, and head circumference were below the 3rd percentile. She had intellectual disability and an unusual facies manifesting as arched shaggy eyebrows, down-slanting palpebral fissures, and broad nasal bridge, but had no a beaked nose, broad thumbs, or big toes. These clinical manifestations were basically consistent with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS)...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131677/methylphenidate-has-superior-efficacy-over-parent-child-interaction-therapy-for-preschool-children-with-disruptive-behaviors
#10
Lianne van der Veen-Mulders, Barbara J van den Hoofdakker, Maaike H Nauta, Paul Emmelkamp, Pieter J Hoekstra
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness between parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) and methylphenidate in preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and disruptive behaviors who had remaining significant behavior problems after previous behavioral parent training. METHODS: We included 35 preschool children, ranging in age between 3.4 and 6.0 years. Participants were randomized to PCIT (n = 18) or methylphenidate (n = 17)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128739/childbirth-and-parenting-preparation-in-antenatal-classes
#11
M Barimani, K Forslund Frykedal, M Rosander, A Berlin
OBJECTIVES: to describe topics (1) presented by midwives' during antenatal classes and the amount of time spent on these topics and (2) raised and discussed by first-time parents and the amount of time spent on these topics. DESIGN: qualitative; data were gathered using video or tape recordings and analysed using a three-pronged content analysis approach, i.e., conventional, summative, and directed analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 3 antenatal courses in 2 antenatal units in a large Swedish city; 3 midwives; and 34 course participants...
October 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127227/protocol-for-hospital-based-surveillance-of-cerebral-palsy-cp-in-hanoi-using-the-paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-mechanism-paeds-vietnam-a-study-towards-developing-hospital-based-disease-surveillance-in-vietnam
#12
Gulam Khandaker, Nguyen Van Bang, Trịnh Quang Dũng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Cao Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nadia Badawi, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and outcomes of cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income and middle-income countries including Vietnam are unknown because of the lack of mechanisms for standardised collection of data. In this paper, we outline the protocol for developing a hospital-based surveillance system modelled on the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) system in Australia. Using PAEDS-Vietnam we will define the aetiology, motor function and its severity, associated impairments, and nutritional and rehabilitation status of children with CP in Hanoi, Vietnam...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127208/effectiveness-of-a-kindergarten-based-intervention-for-preventing-childhood-obesity
#13
Yan Hu, Jian-Rong He, Fang-Hua Liu, Wei-Dong Li, Jin-Hua Lu, Yan-Fei Xing, Sui-Fang Lin, Xian Liu, Suzanne Bartington, Qiong Feng, Hui-Min Xia, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Kar Keung Cheng, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity targeting school age children have mostly reported limited effectiveness, suggesting such prevention programs may need to start at an earlier age, but evidence has been scarce. We reported a pilot study aiming to demonstrate the feasibility of a multifaceted intervention for preschool children and to provide a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness. METHODS: This nonrandomized controlled trial recruited children aged 3 to 6 years from 6 kindergartens in Guangzhou, China...
November 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#14
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119741/supervised-toothbrushing-programs-in-primary-schools-and-early-childhood-settings-a-scoping-review
#15
V Dickson-Swift, A Kenny, M Gussy, A M de Silva, J Farmer, S Bracksley-O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: In this article we report the findings of a scoping review that aimed to identify and summarise the range of programs and guidelines available for toothbrushing programs in schools and early childhood settings. Dental caries is one of the most common preventable diseases affecting children worldwide. Untreated caries can impact on child health and wellbeing, development, socialisation and school attendance. Supervised toothbrushing programs in schools and other early childhood settings can be effective in improving the oral health of young children...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119009/parents-perceptions-of-reasons-for-excess-weight-loss-in-obese-children-a-peer-researcher-approach
#16
Fiona Gillison, Geraldine Cooney, Valerie Woolhouse, Angie Davies, Fiona Dickens, Penny Marno
Background: This study reports on the process of conducting participatory research by training peer researchers to conduct interviews and analyse data collected with parents of overweight children. The methodology was chosen as a means of (a) encouraging participation among a hard-to-engage group (i.e., parents of overweight children), and (b) generating novel insights and challenging academic/health professional assumptions through the involvement of parents in the interpretation of findings...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115764/development-of-a-clinical-transition-pathway-for-adolescents-in-the-netherlands
#17
Margot Walter, Johanna Mw Hazes, Radboud Jem Dolhain, Philomine van Pelt, Annette van Dijk, Sylvia Kamphuis
AIMS: To explore how young people with juvenile-onset rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (jRMDs) and their parent(s) experience care during preparation for the upcoming transfer to adult services, and to develop a clinical transition pathway. METHOD: A survey was conducted with 32 young people aged between 14 and 20 years with jRMDs, and their parents ( n =33), treated at the department of paediatric rheumatology in a tertiary care children's hospital in the Netherlands...
November 7, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115672/peer-problems-among-postinstitutionalized-internationally-adopted-children-relations-to-hypocortisolism-parenting-quality-and-adhd-symptoms
#18
Clio E Pitula, Carrie E DePasquale, Shanna B Mliner, Megan R Gunnar
Seventy-eight postinstitutionalized (PI) children adopted at ages 17-36 months were assessed 2, 8, 16, and 24 months postadoption on measures of cortisol and parenting quality, and compared to same-aged children adopted from foster care (FC, n = 45) and nonadopted children (NA, n = 45). In kindergarten (Mage  = 6.0 years), teachers, parents, and trained observers completed measures of peer relationships and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. PI children had more peer problems and ADHD symptoms according to teachers and observers than NA children with FC children in between, whereas both PI and FC children were at significantly greater risk of hypocortisolism (i...
November 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112459/atomoxetine-parent-training-and-their-effects-on-sleep-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Jill A Hollway, Marrisa Mendoza-Burcham, Rebecca Andridge, Michael G Aman, Benjamin Handen, L Eugene Arnold, Luc Lecavalier, Craig Williams, Laura Silverman, Tristram Smith
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is often a problem for children with either autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychostimulant medications used to treat ADHD symptoms can exacerbate this problem. For children with ASD and ADHD, atomoxetine (ATX) is a viable alternative to psychostimulants. We investigated the effects of ATX and a manualized parent training (PT) program targeting noncompliance, on the sleep quality of children with ASD and ADHD...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111298/improving-neonatal-care-with-the-help-of-veteran-resource-parents-an-overview-of-current-practices
#20
Claude Julie Bourque, Sonia Dahan, Ginette Mantha, Kate Robson, Martin Reichherzer, Annie Janvier
Over the past decade, veteran parents who have lived a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience have become increasingly involved as 'resource parents' to provide peer-to-peer support to "new" NICU parents. These parents can provide a unique form of support to new parents. They can also assume other roles in clinical care, research, administration and/or teaching, but those roles are rarely described in the literature. This article reviews many of the activities performed by resource parents in neonatology...
October 27, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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