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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783218/the-role-of-parents-in-motivation-for-orthodontic-treatment-for-children
#1
Anna Ye Karasiunok, Liubov V Smahliuk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: One of the main features of orthodontic treatment is the cooperation of the doctor with the patient. Active growth of a child's organism at the age from 6 to 12 has not only physiological but also psychological aspects of development. Motivation for orthodontic treatment is absent during mixed dentition. Only taking into account the somato-psychological status and the psycho-emotional condition of the patient during the orthodontic treatment allows to choose an optimal treatment option and to predict its effectiveness...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782212/national-impact-of-the-epec-pediatrics-enhanced-train-the-trainer-model-for-delivering-education-on-pediatric-palliative-care
#2
Kimberley Widger, Joanne Wolfe, Stefan Friedrichsdorf, Jason D Pole, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Stephen Liben, Mark Greenberg, Eric Bouffet, Harold Siden, Amna Husain, James A Whitlock, Myra Leyden, Adam Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Lack of pediatric palliative care (PPC) training impedes successful integration of PPC principles into pediatric oncology. OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of an enhanced implementation of the Education in Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Pediatrics (EPEC® -Pediatrics) curriculum on the following: (1) knowledge dissemination; (2) health professionals' knowledge; (3) practice change; and (4) quality of PPC. DESIGN: An integrated knowledge translation approach was used with pre-/posttest evaluation of care quality...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781977/sustained-impact-of-a-pediatric-resident-led-patient-safety-council
#3
Victoria Parente, Colby Feeney, Laura Page, Shaina Johnson, Kelsey Porada, Ira Cheifetz, Alyssa Stephany
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a resident-led patient safety council. This study measured change in resident perceptions and knowledge of safety issues for 3 years, as well as behavioral choices to participate in patient safety activities during and after residency. METHODS: Pediatric residents formed a resident-led safety council to engage their peers in patient safety activities. Surveys were distributed annually from 2013 to 2015 to measure residents' perception and knowledge surrounding patient safety...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781920/outcomes-of-community-based-prenatal-education-programs-for-pregnant-women-in-rural-texas
#4
Joseph Ramsey, Brandii Mayes
A prenatal, evidenced-based education program was implemented in 7 rural counties and provided by trained staff at the Texas Department of State Health Services. This was implemented to address health disparities, in regard to birth outcomes, in rural minorities of Southeast Texas. The participants were given a preassessment (N = 382) and a postassessment (N = 326) of relevant health knowledge and a follow-up assessment (N = 149) to document the outcomes of their birth as well as health practices they were employing as new parents...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#5
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778518/an-innovative-medical-school-curriculum-to-address-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-hesitancy
#6
Abigail M Schnaith, Erica M Evans, Caleb Vogt, Andrea M Tinsay, Thomas E Schmidt, Katelyn M Tessier, Britt K Erickson
BACKGROUND: Vaccination rates against Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in the US remain alarmingly low. Physicians can significantly influence a parent's decision to vaccinate their children. However, medical education often lacks training on specific strategies for communicating with vaccine hesitant parents. METHODS: We created an innovative curriculum designed to teach medical students how to address HPV vaccine hesitancy. The curriculum consisted of (1) a presentation on the epidemiology, biology, and disease morbidity associated with HPV, (2) a video that teaches specific communication strategies and (3) role-playing simulations...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778122/provider-language-proficiency-and-decision-making-when-caring-for-limited-english-proficiency-children-and-families
#7
Yolanda N Evans, Sarah A Rafton, Eriberto Michel, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-assessed language ability and provision of clinical care without professional interpretation. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous web-based survey of pediatric residents at a large pediatric training program. Respondents self-rated their language ability, and then reported on their willingness to deliver clinical care without professional interpretation in standardized clinical scenarios. RESULTS: All pediatric residents completed the survey (n=81; 100%)...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776479/nursing-child-assessment-satellite-training-parent-child-interaction-scales-comparing-american-and-canadian-normative-and-high-risk-samples
#8
Nicole L Letourneau, Panagiota D Tryphonopoulos, Jason Novick, J Martha Hart, Gerald Giesbrecht, Monica L Oxford
PURPOSE: Many nurses rely on the American Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Parent-Child Interaction (PCI) Teaching and Feeding Scales to identify and target interventions for families affected by severe/chronic stressors (e.g. postpartum depression (PPD), intimate partner violence (IPV), low-income). However, the NCAST Database that provides normative data for comparisons may not apply to Canadian families. The purpose of this study was to compare NCAST PCI scores in Canadian and American samples and to assess the reliability of the NCAST PCI Scales in Canadian samples...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776335/using-genomic-relationship-likelihood-for-parentage-assignment
#9
Kim E Grashei, Jørgen Ødegård, Theo H E Meuwissen
BACKGROUND: Parentage assignment is usually based on a limited number of unlinked, independent genomic markers (microsatellites, low-density single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), etc.). Classical methods for parentage assignment are exclusion-based (i.e. based on loci that violate Mendelian inheritance) or likelihood-based, assuming independent inheritance of loci. For true parent-offspring relations, genotyping errors cause apparent violations of Mendelian inheritance. Thus, the maximum proportion of such violations must be determined, which is complicated by variable call- and genotype error rates among loci and individuals...
May 18, 2018: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772288/eating-patterns-and-food-intake-of-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-within-the-t1d-exchange
#11
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771624/virtual-reality-training-to-enhance-behavior-and-cognitive-function-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-brief-report
#12
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769242/implementing-parental-tobacco-dependence-treatment-within-bronchiolitis-qi-collaboratives
#13
Susan C Walley, Grant M Mussman, Michele Lossius, Kristin A Shadman, Lauren Destino, Matthew Garber, Shawn L Ralston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to implement systematic tobacco dependence interventions for parents and/or caregivers as secondary aims within 2 multisite quality improvement (QI) collaboratives for bronchiolitis. We hypothesized that iterative improvements in tobacco dependence intervention strategies would result in improvement in outcomes between collaboratives. METHODS: This study involved 2 separate yearlong, multisite QI collaboratives that were focused on care provided to inpatients with a primary diagnosis of bronchiolitis...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769056/report-on-an-international-workshop-on-kangaroo-mother-care-lessons-learned-and-a-vision-for-the-future
#14
Adriano Cattaneo, Adidja Amani, Nathalie Charpak, Socorro De Leon-Mendoza, Sarah Moxon, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Giorgio Tamburlini, Julieta Villegas, Anne-Marie Bergh
BACKGROUND: Globally, complications of prematurity are the leading cause of death in children under five. Preterm infants who survive their first month of life are at greater risk for various diseases and impairments in infancy, childhood and later life, representing a heavy social and economic burden for families, communities and health and social systems. Kangaroo mother care (KMC) is recommended as a beneficial and effective intervention for improving short- and long-term preterm birth outcomes in low- and high-income settings...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767387/no-medication-for-my-child-a-naturalistic-study-on-the-treatment-preferences-for-and-effects-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-versus-psychostimulant-medication-in-clinically-referred-youth-with-adhd
#15
Peter Muris, Dorien Roodenrijs, Lut Kelgtermans, Sonja Sliwinski, Ulrike Berlage, Hanna Baillieux, Anne Deckers, Marieke Gunther, Bertien Paanakker, Ida Holterman
In this naturalistic clinical study, we explored the applicability and clinical effectiveness of Cogmed WMT, pharmacotherapy, and their combination for clinically referred children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Ninety youth with ADHD (ages 6-16 years) and their parents were offered the possibility to choose one of the three interventions. The motives for choosing various interventions were quite different. Medication was chosen because this treatment was expected to be most effective, but also because the Cogmed WMT program was regarded as too taxing...
May 16, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766415/reliability-and-validity-of-a-newly-proposed-classification-system-for-categorisation-of-parental-behaviour-ccpb-in-the-dental-setting
#16
Parul Jain, Rahul Kaul, Subrata Saha
AIM: To evaluate the reliability and validity of a newly proposed classification system for categorisation of parental behaviour (CCPB) in the dental setting. METHODS: Parents of patients aged 5-14 years were included. 127 parents were evaluated and rated on two scales: Parental Cooperation Scale (PCS; 1-4) and CCPB (0-5) by two trained examiners during the initial interaction of the parent with the examiners at their first visit in the dental setting. Kappa Score measurement of agreement was used to assess the inter-rater reliability...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#17
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764871/balance-and-mobility-training-at-home-using-wii-fit-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-feasibility-study
#18
Hsiu-Ching Chiu, Louise Ada, Shin-Da Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether balance and mobility training at home using Wii Fit is feasible and can provide clinical benefits. DESIGN: Single-group, pre-post intervention study. SETTING: Participants' home. PARTICIPANTS: 20 children with cerebral palsy (6-12 years). INTERVENTION: Participants undertook 8 weeks of home-based Wii Fit training in addition to usual care. MAIN MEASURES: Feasibility was determined by adherence, performance, acceptability and safety...
May 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#19
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763355/risk-factors-of-early-childhood-caries-among-young-children-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood caries (ECC) was prevalent in Hong Kong. Children with ECC risk should be identified early for prevention. This study aimed to identify common risk factors of ECC in Hong Kong 3-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: Sample size calculation showed at least 6,321 of 3-year-old children should be invited in this study. A consent form and a questionnaire enquiring the children's oral health behaviours and social-economic background were distributed to their parents...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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