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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786137/longitudinal-growth-of-receptive-language-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-between-18-months-and-54-months-of-age
#1
Katherine C Hustad, Ashley Sakash, Aimee Teo Broman, Paul J Rathouz
AIM: We examined receptive language developmental trajectories between 18 months and 54 months for three clinical speech-language profile groups of children with cerebral palsy (those with speech motor involvement, without speech motor involvement, and with anarthria) and quantified differences from age-level expectations. We identified latent classes of comprehension development, related these classes to clinical profile groups, and examined how well early receptive language predicted outcomes...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785989/cerebral-visual-impairment-in-children-causes-and-associated-ophthalmological-problems
#2
Niranjan Pehere, Pratik Chougule, Gordon N Dutton
Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify common causes, associated ophthalmological abnormalities, and systemic comorbidities in children in Andhra Pradesh, India, with cerebral visual impairment (CVI). Methods: A retrospective review of case records of all children aged <16 years with diagnosis of CVI seen between January 2016 and December 2016 was carried out. Data were collected for their age, gender, cause of CVI, refraction, accommodation, anterior and posterior segment examination findings, and systemic problems...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782442/informational-masking-effects-on-neural-encoding-of-stimulus-onset-and-acoustic-change
#3
Christopher E Niemczak, Kathy R Vander Werff
OBJECTIVE: Recent investigations using cortical auditory evoked potentials have shown masker-dependent effects on sensory cortical processing of speech information. Background noise maskers consisting of other people talking are particularly difficult for speech recognition. Behavioral studies have related this to perceptual masking, or informational masking, beyond just the overlap of the masker and target at the auditory periphery. The aim of the present study was to use cortical auditory evoked potentials, to examine how maskers (i...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781701/intervention-for-bilingual-speech-sound-disorders-a-case-study-of-an-isixhosa-english-speaking-child
#4
Kate Rossouw, Michelle Pascoe
 Bilingualism is common in South Africa, with many children acquiring isiXhosa as a home language and learning English from a young age in nursery or crèche. IsiXhosa is a local language, part of the Bantu language family, widely spoken in the country. Aims: To describe changes in a bilingual child's speech following intervention based on a theoretically motivated and tailored intervention plan. Methods and procedures: This study describes a female isiXhosa-English bilingual child, named Gcobisa (pseudonym) (chronological age 4 years and 2 months) with a speech sound disorder...
March 19, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765298/real-time-tracking-of-selective-auditory-attention-from-m-eeg-a-bayesian-filtering-approach
#5
Sina Miran, Sahar Akram, Alireza Sheikhattar, Jonathan Z Simon, Tao Zhang, Behtash Babadi
Humans are able to identify and track a target speaker amid a cacophony of acoustic interference, an ability which is often referred to as the cocktail party phenomenon. Results from several decades of studying this phenomenon have culminated in recent years in various promising attempts to decode the attentional state of a listener in a competing-speaker environment from non-invasive neuroimaging recordings such as magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG). To this end, most existing approaches compute correlation-based measures by either regressing the features of each speech stream to the M/EEG channels (the decoding approach) or vice versa (the encoding approach)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765220/children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-selective-mutism
#6
Hanna Steffenburg, Suzanne Steffenburg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
Background: It has been suggested that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might be a "comorbid" condition in selective mutism (SM). Methods: In this retrospective study, we examined medical records of children with SM diagnosis (n=97) at a medical center specializing in assessment of ASD. Results: Mean age for onset of SM symptoms was 4.5 years and mean age at SM diagnosis was 8.8 years. SM was more common among girls (boy:girl ratio=2...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760675/feigning-amnesia-moderately-impairs-memory-for-a-mock-crime-video
#7
Ivan Mangiulli, Kim van Oorsouw, Antonietta Curci, Harald Merckelbach, Marko Jelicic
Previous studies showed that feigning amnesia for a crime impairs actual memory for the target event. Lack of rehearsal has been proposed as an explanation for this memory-undermining effect of feigning. The aim of the present study was to replicate and extend previous research adopting a mock crime video instead of a narrative story. We showed participants a video of a violent crime. Next, they were requested to imagine that they had committed this offense and to either feign amnesia or confess the crime. A third condition was included: Participants in the delayed test-only control condition did not receive any instruction...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757881/health-and-educational-implications-of-prematurity-in-the-united-states-national-survey-of-children-s-health-2011-2012-data
#8
Michelle M Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm birth is a significant public health issue, with children born prematurely experiencing educational and health difficulties throughout childhood. The aim of the descriptive secondary data analysis was to compare health implications and educational experiences in children born prematurely compared with children born at term. METHODS: The 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health data set was explored using separate chi-square tests of homogeneity to investigate differences in the occurrence of chronic health conditions and educationally relevant outcomes: individualized family services plan/individualized education plan (IFSP/IEP), and grade repetition between children born prematurely compared with those born at term...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751744/a-case-of-raine-syndrome-presenting-with-facial-dysmorphy-and-review-of-literature
#9
Jayesh Sheth, Riddhi Bhavsar, Ajit Gandhi, Frenny Sheth, Dhairya Pancholi
BACKGROUND: Raine syndrome (RS) - an extremely rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, is caused by a biallelic mutation in the FAM20C gene. Some of the most common clinical features include generalized osteosclerosis with a periosteal bone formation, dysmorphic face, and thoracic hypoplasia. Many cases have also been reported with oro-dental abnormalities, and developmental delay. Most of the cases result in neonatal death. However, a few non-lethal RS cases have been reported where patients survive till adulthood and exhibits a heterogeneous clinical phenotype...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747034/identification-of-neural-structures-involved-in-stuttering-using-vibrotactile-feedback
#10
Oliver Cheadle, Clarissa Sorger, Peter Howell
Feedback delivered over auditory and vibratory afferent pathways has different effects on the fluency of people who stutter (PWS). These features were exploited to investigate the neural structures involved in stuttering. The speech signal vibrated locations on the body (vibrotactile feedback, VTF). Eleven PWS read passages under VTF and control (no-VTF) conditions. All combinations of vibration amplitude, synchronous or delayed VTF and vibrator position (hand, sternum or forehead) were presented. Control conditions were performed at the beginning, middle and end of test sessions...
May 7, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746594/the-interplay-between-selective-and-nonselective-inhibition-during-single-word-production
#11
Ruben D Vromans, Suzanne R Jongman
The present study investigated the interplay between selective inhibition (the ability to suppress specific competing responses) and nonselective inhibition (the ability to suppress any inappropriate response) during single word production. To this end, we combined two well-established research paradigms: the picture-word interference task and the stop-signal task. Selective inhibition was assessed by instructing participants to name target pictures (e.g., dog) in the presence of semantically related (e.g., cat) or unrelated (e...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745880/the-role-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-and-otoacoustic-emissions-in-early-detection-of-hearing-abnormalities-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#12
Doa W Nada, Radwa M El Khouly, Souzan E Gadow, Shymaa A Hablas, Marwa A Aboelhawa, Doaa S Al Ashkar, Amal M El Barbary, Manal S Hussein, Elsayed Rageh, Alaa M Elsalawy, Mohamed H Abo-Zaid, Samah Elshweikh, Amani M El Gharib
OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and to assess the role of auditory evoked potentials and otoacoustic emissions in early detection of hearing abnormalities in Behçet's disease (BD) patients. Their correlations with disease activity were also considered. METHODS: Thirty patients with BD and thirty apparently sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Auditory evaluation included pure tone audiometry (PTA), otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs, DPOAE), auditory brainstem response test (ABR) and cortical auditory evoked potentials (tone and speech CAEPs) for all patients and control...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744787/ada-deficiency-evaluation-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-features-and-the-outcome
#13
Deniz Cagdas, Pınar Gur Cetinkaya, Betül Karaatmaca, Saliha Esenboga, Cagman Tan, Togay Yılmaz, Ersin Gümüş, Safa Barış, Barış Kuşkonmaz, Tuba Turul Ozgur, Pawan Bali, Ines Santisteban, Diclehan Orhan, Aysel Yüce, Duygu Cetinkaya, Kaan Boztug, Michael Hershfield, Ozden Sanal, İlhan Tezcan
INTRODUCTION: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an autosomal recessive primary immunodeficiency. It results in the intracellular accumulation of toxic metabolites which have effects particularly on lymphocytes and the brain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of 13 ADA-deficient patients. We planned to evaluate their clinical and laboratory findings before and after enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT), and hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy (HSCGT)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740699/de-novo-mutations-in-med13-a-component-of-the-mediator-complex-are-associated-with-a-novel-neurodevelopmental-disorder
#14
Lot Snijders Blok, Susan M Hiatt, Kevin M Bowling, Jeremy W Prokop, Krysta L Engel, J Nicholas Cochran, E Martina Bebin, Emilia K Bijlsma, Claudia A L Ruivenkamp, Paulien Terhal, Marleen E H Simon, Rosemarie Smith, Jane A Hurst, Heather McLaughlin, Richard Person, Amy Crunk, Michael F Wangler, Haley Streff, Joseph D Symonds, Sameer M Zuberi, Katherine S Elliott, Victoria R Sanders, Abigail Masunga, Robert J Hopkin, Holly A Dubbs, Xilma R Ortiz-Gonzalez, Rolph Pfundt, Han G Brunner, Simon E Fisher, Tjitske Kleefstra, Gregory M Cooper
Many genetic causes of developmental delay and/or intellectual disability (DD/ID) are extremely rare, and robust discovery of these requires both large-scale DNA sequencing and data sharing. Here we describe a GeneMatcher collaboration which led to a cohort of 13 affected individuals harboring protein-altering variants, 11 of which are de novo, in MED13; the only inherited variant was transmitted to an affected child from an affected mother. All patients had intellectual disability and/or developmental delays, including speech delays or disorders...
May 8, 2018: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739362/case-report-of-a-novel-homozygous-splice-site-mutation-in-pla2g6-gene-causing-infantile-neuroaxonal-dystrophy-in-a-sudanese-family
#15
Liena E O Elsayed, Inaam N Mohammed, Ahlam A A Hamed, Maha A Elseed, Mustafa A M Salih, Ashraf Yahia, Rayan A Siddig, Mutaz Amin, Mahmoud Koko, Mustafa I Elbashir, Muntaser E Ibrahim, Alexis Brice, Ammar E Ahmed, Giovanni Stevanin
BACKGROUND: Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) is a rare hereditary neurological disorder caused by mutations in PLA2G6. The disease commonly affects children below 3 years of age and presents with delay in motor skills, optic atrophy and progressive spastic tetraparesis. Studies of INAD in Africa are extremely rare, and genetic studies from Sub Saharan Africa are almost non-existent. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Sudanese siblings presented, at ages 18 and 24 months, with regression in both motor milestones and speech development and hyper-reflexia...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733674/correlation-of-individual-differences-in-audiovisual-asynchrony-across-stimuli-and-tasks-new-constraints-on-temporal-renormalization-theory
#16
Alberta Ipser, Maayan Karlinski, Elliot D Freeman
Sight and sound are out of synch in different people by different amounts for different tasks. But surprisingly, different concurrent measures of perceptual asynchrony correlate negatively (Freeman et al., 2013). Thus, if vision subjectively leads audition in one individual, the same individual might show a visual lag in other measures of audiovisual integration (e.g., McGurk illusion, Stream-Bounce illusion). This curious negative correlation was first observed between explicit temporal order judgments and implicit phoneme identification tasks, performed concurrently as a dual task, using incongruent McGurk stimuli...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726287/disability-concentration-and-access-to-rehabilitation-services-a-pilot-spatial-assessment-applying-geographic-information-system-analysis
#17
Fengsong Gao, Michele Foster, Yan Liu
PURPOSE: Due to geographical disparities, many people with profound or severe disabilities experience considerable delays in rehabilitation treatment, resulting in threats to quality of life. This pilot study aims to identify areas in Greater Brisbane, Australia, with a higher concentration of people with profound or severe disabilities and to evaluate access to rehabilitation services in these areas. METHODS: Data came from the 2016 Australian Census of Population and Housing and the National Health Services Directory...
May 4, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724491/clinical-presentation-of-a-complex-neurodevelopmental-disorder-caused-by-mutations-in-adnp
#18
Anke Van Dijck, Anneke T Vulto-van Silfhout, Elisa Cappuyns, Ilse M van der Werf, Grazia M Mancini, Andreas Tzschach, Raphael Bernier, Illana Gozes, Evan E Eichler, Corrado Romano, Anna Lindstrand, Ann Nordgren, Malin Kvarnung, Tjitske Kleefstra, Bert B A de Vries, Sébastien Küry, Jill A Rosenfeld, Marije E Meuwissen, Geert Vandeweyer, R Frank Kooy
BACKGROUND: In genome-wide screening studies for de novo mutations underlying autism and intellectual disability, mutations in the ADNP gene are consistently reported among the most frequent. ADNP mutations have been identified in children with autism spectrum disorder comorbid with intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and deficits in multiple organ systems. However, a comprehensive clinical description of the Helsmoortel-Van der Aa syndrome is lacking. METHODS: We identified a worldwide cohort of 78 individuals with likely disruptive mutations in ADNP from January 2014 to October 2016 through systematic literature search, by contacting collaborators, and through direct interaction with parents...
March 15, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719382/can-cochlear-implantation-improve-neurocognition-in-the-aging-population
#19
Christiane Völter, Lisa Götze, Stefan Dazert, Michael Falkenstein, Jan Peter Thomas
Introduction: The relationship between cognition and the ability to hear is well known. Due to changes in demographics, the number of people with sensorineural hearing loss and cognitive impairment is increasing. The aim of this study was to identify the impact of hearing rehabilitation via cochlear implantation on cognitive decline among the aging population. Patients and methods: This prospective study included 60 subjects aged between 50 and 84 years (mean 65...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717656/delayed-recovery-in-pediatric-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-predicted-via-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Xuan Wu, Hongyan Jiang, Lanying Wen, Ling Zong, Kaitian Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential origins via magnetic resonance imaging and the relevant hearing recovery course of pediatric sudden sensorineural hearing loss. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 25 pediatric patients from our center with sudden sensorineural hearing loss from January 2011 to December 2016. All individuals were closely followed up at baseline and 1 and 6 months. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging identified presumed causes in 9 cases, 5 of which showed intralabyrinthine hyperintensity, suggesting presumptive intralabyrinthine hemorrhage...
April 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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