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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102155/surgical-treatment-of-radial-head-fractures-outcomes-and-complications
#1
Bartosz Chwedczuk, Piotr Piekarczyk, Krzysztof Kwiatkowski, Krzysztof Piątkowski
BACKGROUND: Appropriate treatment of radial head fractures remains an area of disputes and controversy. The present paper aims to assess the outcomes of surgical fixation of these injuries and identify the most common complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of 63 patients (25 women and 38 men) treated in 2011 -2014 were analysed retrospectively. The treatment outcomes were assessed according to the Broberg and Morrey rating system and the QuickDASH score...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086759/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-functional-physical-and-cognitive-health-among-female-nursing-home-residents-in-switzerland
#2
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065872/posterior-cervical-transfacet-fusion-with-facetal-spacer-for-the-treatment-of-single-level-cervical-radiculopathy-a-randomized-controlled-prospective-study
#3
Jacopo Lenzi, Antonio Nardone, Emiliano Passacantilli, Alessandro Caporlingua, Gennaro Lapadula, Federico Caporlingua
BACKGROUND: single level cervical radiculopathy may be treated conservatively with cervical tractions. Posterior cervical transfacet fusion with a facetal spacer is a viable option. The aim of the present study is to compare posterior cervical transfacet fusion to conservative physical treatment in single level cervical radiculopathy METHODS: 80 patients were randomized in 2 groups. A surgical group where patients were given posterior cervical transfacet fusion and a traction group where patients were treated conservatively with mechanical cervical tractions...
January 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062991/complementary-description-of-ergasilus-arthrosis-roberts-1969-copepoda-poecilostomatoida-ergasilidae-a-new-parasite-of-cichlid-teleosts-in-southeast-mexico
#4
María Isabel Jiménez-García, Eduardo Suárez-Morales
During a parasitological survey of the ichthyofauna of Lake Catemaco, a freshwater system in the Mexican State of Veracruz, the widespread copepod Ergasilus arthrosis Roberts, 1969 was recovered from two cichlid teleosts, Mayaheros urophthalmus (Günther) and Oreochromis sp. This is the first confirmed record of this copepod species outside of the United States and from Mexico; its finding as a parasite of cichlids represents an expansion of the known host range for this copepod. The local prevalence and intensity of infection of E...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056922/herbal-formula-xian-fang-huo-ming-yin-regulates-differentiation-of-lymphocytes-and-production-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-mice
#5
Jinyu Li, Yi Wei, Xue Li, Dashuai Zhu, Bo Nie, Jingwei Zhou, Lixia Lou, Bin Dong, Aiming Wu, Yongzhe Che, Meng Chen, Lingqun Zhu, Mingwei Mu, Limin Chai
BACKGROUND: Xian-Fang-Huo-Ming-Yin (XFHM), a traditional herbal formula, has been used to treat sores and carbuncles for hundreds of years in Asia. Nowadays, its clinical effects in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been validated. In this study, we want to study its possible molecular mechanisms of regulating the differentiation of lymphocytes and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice for RA treatment. METHODS: A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization/mass spectrometer (HPLC-ESI/MS(n)) system was used to analyze the constituents of XFHM granules...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031513/double-intertrochanteric-osteotomy-for-trochanteric-overgrowth-and-a-short-femoral-neck-in-adolescents
#6
Turgut Akgül, Cengiz Şen, Halil İbrahim Balci, Gökhan Polat
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of Wagner double intertrochanteric osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck in 7 adolescents. METHODS: Records of one male and 6 females aged 15 to 20 years who underwent modified Wagner osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck by a single senior surgeon were reviewed. The diagnoses were coxa vara (n=2), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n=3), Leg-Calve-Perthes (n=1), and proximal femoral focal deficiency (n=1)...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005100/total-knee-arthroplasty-with-retained-tibial-implants-the-role-of-minimally-invasive-hardware-removal
#7
Gregory M Georgiadis, William C Skakun
Patients with retained tibial implants may later undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after tibial osteotomy or fracture. Previous knee surgery can increase the rate of complications of joint replacement. Surgical scars may not be in optimal position for hardware removal and arthroplasty. The need for multiple incisions or larger subcutaneous skin flaps in at-risk areas may increase the possibility of wound complications and infection. In this article, we report 3 cases in which a patient who had knee arthrosis and retained tibial implants underwent single-stage conversion to TKA...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965314/how-voter-turnout-varies-between-different-chronic-conditions-a-population-based-register-study
#8
Reijo Sund, Hannu Lahtinen, Hanna Wass, Mikko Mattila, Pekka Martikainen
BACKGROUND: While poor self-rated health is known to decrease an individual's propensity to vote, disaggregation of the components of health on turnout has thus far received only little attention. This study deepens on the understanding of such relationships by examining the association between chronic diseases and voting. METHODS: The study uses an individual-level register-based data set that contains an 11% random sample of the entire electorate in the 1999 Finnish parliamentary elections...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928730/guided-growth-may-not-be-the-best-option-for-knee-valgus-deformity-in-adolescent-patients-with-morquio-a
#9
D Colmenares-Bonilla, M Vasconcelos-Martinez, J Guerra-Jasso, L Ocampo-Perez
INTRODUCTION: Valgus deformity in knees is a common concern in Morquio-A patients, preceding premature arthrosis and pain leading to walking disability and loss of ambulatory status. Treatment alternative is the guided growth, but this is sometimes not applied on time. Due to short height reached on these patients, not all will benefit from guided growth surgery. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe early results of physeal osteotomy for acute valgus correction in adolescent patients and those almost at height peak to achieve alignment...
December 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902175/spontaneous-and-bilateral-avascular-necrosis-of-the-navicula-m%C3%A3-ller-weiss-disease
#10
Erdem Aktaş, Tacettin Ayanoğlu, Yasin Hatipoğlu, Ulunay Kanatlı
Although, trauma, foot deformity (pesplanovalgus), systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and lupus, drugs (steroids, antineoplastic) and excessive alcohol consumption have all been accused in the etiology of avascular necrosis of the tarsal bones, spontaneous avascular necrosis of the navicular bone, especially in adults, is a rare entity. In this article, we report a 50-year-old female patient with bilateral, spontaneous avascular necrosis of the navicular bone and related severe talonavicular arthrosis...
December 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892863/nutrigenomic-activity-of-plant-derived-compounds-in-health-and-disease-results-of-a-dietary-intervention-study-in-dog
#11
Sandy Sgorlon, Bruno Stefanon, Misa Sandri, Monica Colitti
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary administrations of four nutraceuticals in dogs. Seventy four dogs were enrolled in the trials, 24 healthy dogs were fed with a control diet (CT) and the experimental groups received for 60days the same diet supplemented with nutraceuticals, namely Echinacea angustifolia (EA, 0.10mg/kg live weight as echinacoside; 14 dogs), Vaccinium myrtillus (VM, 0.20mg/kg live weight as anthocyanidin, 13 dogs), Curcuma longa (CL, 6.60mg/kg live weight as curcumin, 18 dogs with arthrosis), and Sylibum marianum (SM, 1...
December 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885810/value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-mri-for-the-outcome-of-ct-guided-facet-block-therapy-in-cervical-facet-syndrome-initial-results
#12
Lino M Sawicki, Benedikt M Schaarschmidt, Philipp Heusch, Christian Buchbender, Sandra Rosenbaum-Krumme, Lale Umutlu, Sven O Eicker, Andreas Bockisch, Gerald Antoch, Frank W Floeth
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging ((18) F-FDG PET/MRI) to detect PET-positive cervical facet arthropathy and identify patients who benefit from facet block therapy. METHODS: Ten patients with cervical facet syndrome (mean age: 65 ± 12 years) underwent (18) F-FDG PET/MRI of the neck. Focal (18) F-FDG uptake in PET-positive facet joints served as target for computed tomography (CT)-guided facet blocks...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858400/optimisation-of-bmp-2-dosage-for-the-osseointegration-of-porous-titanium-implants-in-an-ovine-model
#13
E B Hunziker, J Jovanovic, A Horner, M J Keel, K Lippuner, N Shintani
In clinical orthopaedics, total joint replacements and spinal fusions are routine undertakings. Many of the implicated patients suffer from osteoporosis, severe arthrosis or osteopaenia. In individuals thus afflicted, the bony bed lacks the mechanical stability that is a requisite for a firm anchorage of the implant and its functional competence. To promote the bony bondage of an implant it is necessary to induce neo-ossification by the introduction of an osteogenic agent, such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)...
November 18, 2016: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828577/factors-associated-with-recurrent-falls-in-a-cohort-of-older-adults
#14
Débora Regina de Oliveira Moura Abreu, Rosemeiry Capriata de Souza Azevedo, Ageo Mario Candido da Silva, Annelita Almeida Oliveira Reiners, Hellen Cristina Almeida Abreu
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with recurrent falls in community-dwelling older adults from Cuiabá. Methods: This is an epidemiological, prospective, concurrent cohort study with a two-year follow-up. In-home surveys were conducted in 2012 and 2013. The data were treated by the software Epi Info and SPSS. Bivariate analysis investigated associations between risk factors and recurrent falls by calculating the relative risk (RR) of the cumulative incidences with a confidence interval of 95% (95%CI)...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818977/functional-evaluation-of-repairs-to-circumferential-labral-lesions-of-the-glenoid-case-series
#15
Alexandre Tadeu do Nascimento, Gustavo Kogake Claudio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results among patients undergoing arthroscopic repair of circumferential labral lesions. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 10 patients who underwent arthroscopic repair to circumferential labral lesions of the shoulder, between September 2012 and September 2015. The patients were evaluated by means of the Carter-Rowe score, DASH score, UCLA score, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and Short-Form 36 (SF36). The average age at surgery was 29...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803810/delayed-onset-of-a-spinal-epidural-hematoma-after-facet-joint-injection
#16
Mirko Velickovic, Tobias M Ballhause
The treatment of chronic back pain is a challenging problem. Facet joint infiltration is an established treatment for chronic low back pain caused by arthrosis of the lumbar facet joints. Due to the increasing number of patients with chronic low back pain, this therapy has become more frequent. We treated a 51-year-old male patient, who developed an epidural hematoma 2 months after infiltration therapy. Our case shows that even a delayed onset of spinal epidural hematoma is possible and should be kept in mind as a possible cause of acute myelopathy after spinal intervention...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800066/-anterior-shoulder-instabilities-about-73-cases
#17
Louaste Jamal, Hicham Bousbaa, Taoufik Cherrad, Mohammed Wahidi, Larbi Amhajji, Khalid Rachid
Between 2005 and 2014, 73 patients (77 shoulders) underwent Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder instability. This retrospective study aims to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of this surgical technique. Surgical intervention was performed to treat 69 cases with recurrent dislocation, 5 cases with recurrent painful subluxation and 3 cases with painful shoulder. All patients underwent radiographic evaluation before surgery and during the most recent medical control. According to Rowe score, 73 (94...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793242/spinal-injection-of-local-anesthetic-during-cervical-facet-joint-injection
#18
Juan A Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Facet joint pain is a common source of non-radicular back pain worldwide. Non-surgical interventional modalities remain the mainstay in the treatment of facetogenic back pain and comprise the second most commonly performed interventional pain procedures in the USA. CASE: A 36 year-old man with chronic cervical pain secondary to C6-C7 facet arthrosis radiographically, underwent diagnostic local anesthetic bilateral facet joint injection under fluoroscopic guidance...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780508/external-fixation-versus-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-tibial-pilon-fractures-a-meta-analysis-based-on-observational-studies
#19
Yi-Chen Meng, Xu-Hui Zhou
PURPOSE: Tibial pilon fractures remain challenging for an orthopaedic surgeon to repair. External fixation (ExFix) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) are two widely used methods for repairing tibial pilon fractures. However, conclusions of comparative studies regarding which method is superior are controversial. Our aim is to compare ORIF and ExFix and clarify which method is better in terms of reduction and union results and major complications. METHODS: A computerized research of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Springer, and Cochrane Library (before December 2014) for studies of any design comparing ORIF and ExFix was conducted...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779784/pisa-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-integrated-approach-from-pathophysiology-to-management
#20
REVIEW
Michele Tinazzi, Christian Geroin, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Nicola Smania, Stefano Tamburin, Francesca Morgante, Alfonso Fasano
Pisa syndrome was first described in 1972 in patients treated with neuroleptics. Since 2003, when it was first reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), Pisa syndrome has progressively drawn the attention of clinicians and researchers. Although emerging evidence has partially clarified its prevalence and pathophysiology, the current debate revolves around diagnostic criteria and assessment and the effectiveness of pharmacological, surgical, and rehabilitative approaches. Contrary to initial thought, Pisa syndrome is common among PD patients, with an estimated prevalence of 8...
December 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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