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Ryan J H West, Laura Briggs, Maria Perona Fjeldstad, Richard R Ribchester, Sean T Sweeney
Sphingolipids are found in abundance at synapses and have been implicated in regulation of synapse structure, function and degeneration. Their precise role in these processes, however, remains obscure. Serine Palmitoyl-transferase (SPT) is the first enzymatic step for synthesis of sphingolipids. Analysis of the Drosophila larval neuromuscular junction revealed mutations in the SPT enzyme subunit, lace/SPTLC2 resulted in deficits in synaptic structure and function. Although neuromuscular junction (NMJ) length is normal in lace mutants, the number of boutons per NMJ is reduced to ∼50% of the wild type number...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Mojtaba Delfanian, Seyed M A Razavi, Mohammad Hossein Haddad Khodaparast, Reza Esmaeilzadeh Kenari, Shiva Golmohammadzadeh
In this study, the effect of natural macromolecules as carrier agents on the biological activity of nano-encapsulated Bene hull polyphenols (Pistacia atlantica subsp. Mutica) through W/O/W emulsions was evaluated. The W/O microemulsions as primary emulsions and a complex of soy protein isolate and basil seed gum (SPI-BSG), whey protein isolate and basil seed gum (WPI-BSG) and also Hi-Cap 100 in the outer aqueous phase were used to produce W/O/W nano-emulsions. Z-average size of emulsions stabilized by Hi-Cap, WPI-BSG, and SPI-BSG was 318, 736...
June 2018: Food Research International
Jun-He Liu, Yan Yan, Abid Ali, Ming-Fu Yu, Qi-Jie Xu, Pei-Jian Shi, Lei Chen
Models that accurately estimate maximum crop biomass to obtain a reliable forecast of yield are useful in crop improvement programs and aiding establishment of government policies, including those addressing issues of food security. Here, we present a new sigmoidal growth model (NSG) and compare its performance with the beta sigmoidal growth model (BSG) for capturing the growth trajectories of eight crop species. Results indicated that both the NSG and the BSG fitted all the growth datasets well (R2  > 0...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
Luyi Ye, Fengyong Zhao, Qixiu Yang, Jiamin Zhang, Qin Li, Chen Wang, Zhonghui Guo, Ying Yang, Ziyan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Recently, basigin (BSG), which carries OK antigens on red blood cells (RBCs), was reported to be the receptor of the Plasmodium falciparum reticulocyte-binding protein homolog 5 (PfRh5). BSG-PfRh5 is the only essential receptor-ligand pair in P. falciparum invasion that is known to date. However, the kind of OK/BSG polymorphism involved in the selection pressure caused by P. falciparum malaria has not been determined. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected to detect the expression of OK/BSG...
April 29, 2018: Transfusion
Piotr Łacina, Aleksandra Butrym, Grzegorz Mazur, Katarzyna Bogunia-Kubik
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a haematologic malignancy characterized by the presence of atypical plasma cells. Basigin (BSG, CD147) controls lactate export through the monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1, SLC16A1) and supports MM survival and proliferation. Additionally, BSG is implicated in response to treatment with immunomodulatory drugs (thalidomide and its derivatives). We investigated the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene coding for BSG and SLC16A1 in MM. Following an in silico analysis, eight SNPs (four in BSG and four in SLC16A1 ) predicted to have a functional effect were selected and analyzed in 135 MM patients and 135 healthy individuals...
April 24, 2018: Genes
Noelia Ruzafa, Xandra Pereiro, Marlen F Lepper, Stefanie M Hauck, Elena Vecino
The retinal Müller glial cells, like other types of glial cells, can enhance the survival and activity of neurons, especially of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), which are the neurons affected in diseases such as glaucoma, diabetes and retinal ischemia. It has been demonstrated that Müller glia release neurotrophic factors that support RGC survival, yet many of these factors remain to be elucidated. To define these neurotrophic factors, we adopted a quantitative proteomic approach aiming at identifying neuroprotective proteins...
April 12, 2018: Proteomics
Ramiro A Carciochi, Carlos A Sologubik, María B Fernández, Guillermo D Manrique, Leandro Galván D'Alessandro
The kinetics of polyphenol extraction from brewer's spent grain (BSG), using a batch system, ultrasound assistance, and microwave assistance and the evolution of antioxidant capacity of these extracts over time, were studied. The main parameters of extraction employed in the batch system were evaluated, and, by applying response surface analysis, the following optimal conditions were obtained: Liquid/solid ratio of 30:1 mL/g at 80 °C, using 72% ( v / v ) ethanol:water as the solvent system. Under these optimized conditions, ultrasound assistance demonstrated the highest extraction rate and equilibrium yield, as well as shortest extraction times, followed by microwave assistance...
March 23, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Yu-Kui Shang, Can Li, Ze-Kun Liu, Ling-Min Kong, Ding Wei, Jing Xu, Zi-Ling Wang, Huijie Bian, Zhi-Nan Chen
CD147, encoded by BSG , is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein that belongs to the immunological superfamily and expressed on the surface of many types of cancer cells. While CD147 is best known as a potent inducer of extracellular matrix metalloproteinases, it can also function as a key mediator of inflammatory and immune responses. To systematically elucidate the function of CD147 in cancer cells, we performed an analysis of genome-wide profiling across the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE). We showed that CD147 mRNA expression was much higher than that of most other genes in cancer cell lines...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
Wilson R Freitas, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira, Eduardo A Perez, Elias J Ilias, Carina P Lottenberg, Anderson S Silva, Jessica J Urbano, Manoel C Oliveira, Rodolfo P Vieira, Marcelo Ribeiro-Alves, Vera L S Alves, Paulo Kassab, Fabio R Thuler, Carlos A Malheiros
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide disease related to genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors, and it is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Recently, obesity has been characterized by a low-grade inflammatory state known as inflammome indicated by chronic increases in circulating concentrations of inflammatory markers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss induced by surgery for obesity and weight-related diseases on pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory adipokine (adiponectin) levels, and on an adipose-derived hormone (leptin) in severely obese subjects...
March 1, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Sarmed S Sami, Hasan N Haboubi, Yeng Ang, Philip Boger, Pradeep Bhandari, John de Caestecker, Helen Griffiths, Rehan Haidry, Hans-Ulrich Laasch, Praful Patel, Stuart Paterson, Krish Ragunath, Peter Watson, Peter D Siersema, Stephen E Attwood
These are updated guidelines which supersede the original version published in 2004. This work has been endorsed by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee of the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) under the auspices of the oesophageal section of the BSG. The original guidelines have undergone extensive revision by the 16 members of the Guideline Development Group with representation from individuals across all relevant disciplines, including the Heartburn Cancer UK charity, a nursing representative and a patient representative...
June 2018: Gut
Xingqi Zou, Lei Jin, Dandan Jiang, Yu Zhang, Guoxing Chen, Zhiliang Xia, Zongliang Huo
In this work, the GAA (Gate All Around) L-Shaped bottom select transistor (BSG) in 3D NAND Flash Memory has been investigated. Different methods are proposed to optimize its performance from viewpoints of process and structure. BSG in 3D NAND is a novel device structure with two connected transistors: one is horizontal MOSFET (regarded as convention MOSFET) and one is vertical MOSFET (regarded as GAA transistor). With implant dose increasing in vertical channel, BSG Vth has much more tighter Vt distribution, which is beneficial for boosting potential improvement and program disturbance suppression...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Abdulrahman Abdullah Albatly, Adnan Taleb Alsamarah, Abdulrahman Alhawas, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Alfred Buck, Paul Stolzmann, Irene A Burger, Spyros S Kollias, Martin W Huellner
PURPOSE: To investigate 18 F-fluoro-ethyl-tyrosine positron emission tomography (FET-PET) imaging characteristics of adult brainstem glioma (BSG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: FET-PET imaging and progression-free survival (PFS) of 16 adult patients with BSG was analyzed (9 high-grade gliomas, 7 low-grade gliomas). SUVmax , TBR, and time activity curves of FET-PET were calculated. RESULTS: Progressive gliomas had higher SUVmax (3.57 ± 1.47 vs...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Imaging
Toshihide Matsumoto, Ryo Nagashio, Shinichiro Ryuge, Satoshi Igawa, Makoto Kobayashi, Eriko Fukuda, Naoki Goshima, Masaaki Ichinoe, Shi-Xu Jiang, Yukitoshi Satoh, Noriyuki Masuda, Yoshiki Murakumo, Makoto Saegusa, Yuichi Sato
We established the KU-Lu-8 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) using a lung cancer cell line as an antigen and a random immunization method. The KU-Lu-8 MoAb recognizes basigin (BSG), which is a transmembrane-type glycoprotein that is strongly expressed on the cell membranes of lung cancer cells. This study aimed to clarify the relationships between BSG expression and clinicopathological parameters and determine the prognostic significance of BSG expression in pulmonary adenocarcinoma (AC) patients. To evaluate the significance of BSG expression in lung cancer, we immunohistochemically analyzed 113 surgically resected pulmonary adenocarcinomas, and the associations between BSG expression and various clinicopathological parameters were evaluated...
April 2018: Pathology International
J Steiner, K Franke, M Kießling, S Fischer, S Töpfl, V Heinz, T Becker
Brewer's spent grain (BSG) constitutes various valuable carbohydrates that may contribute to a healthy diet. These components may be obtained from BSG via hydrothermal treatment (HT), a procedure for dissolving water-inextricable carbohydrates. The objective of this study was to investigate HT as an environmentally friendly technology for extracting high-molecular-weight fiber with proven beneficial effects on human health. Cellulose, β-glucan, and arabinoxylan (AX) served as model substances and were subjected to auto-hydrolysis at different temperatures and reaction times...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mursalin Sajib, Peter Falck, Roya R R Sardari, Sindhu Mathew, Carl Grey, Eva Nordberg Karlsson, Patrick Adlercreutz
Brewer's spent grain (BSG) accounts for around 85% of the solid by-products from beer production. BSG was first extracted to obtain water-soluble arabinoxylan (AX). Using subsequent alkali extraction (0.5 M KOH) it was possible to dissolve additional AX. In total, about 57% of the AX in BSG was extracted with the purity of 45-55%. After comparison of nine xylanases, Pentopan mono BG, a GH11 enzyme, was selected for hydrolysis of the extracts to oligosaccharides with minimal formation of monosaccharides. Growth of Bifidobacterium adolescentis (ATCC 15703) was promoted by the enzymatic hydrolysis to arabinoxylooligosaccharides, while Lactobacillus brevis (DSMZ 1264) utilized only unsubstituted xylooligosaccharides...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Yashar Moharamzad, Morteza Sanei Taheri, Farhad Niaghi, Elham Shobeiri
Objective The objective of this article is to investigate the association between specific MR imaging findings and histopathologic grading (low-grade vs. high-grade) of brainstem gliomas (BSGs). Methods Sixty-two males and 34 females (mean (standard deviation, SD) age of 24.61 (17.20) years, range = 3 to 70 years) with histologically diagnosed BSG underwent conventional 1.5 T MR imaging, which included T1-weighted (T1W), T2W, and post-contrast T1W sequences. There were 39 children (mean age of 9.38 years) and 57 adults (mean age of 35 years)...
February 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Philip N Newsome, Rob Cramb, Suzanne M Davison, John F Dillon, Mark Foulerton, Edmund M Godfrey, Richard Hall, Ulrike Harrower, Mark Hudson, Andrew Langford, Anne Mackie, Robert Mitchell-Thain, Karen Sennett, Nicholas C Sheron, Julia Verne, Martine Walmsley, Andrew Yeoman
These updated guidelines on the management of abnormal liver blood tests have been commissioned by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee (CSSC) of the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) under the auspices of the liver section of the BSG. The original guidelines, which this document supersedes, were written in 2000 and have undergone extensive revision by members of the Guidelines Development Group (GDG). The GDG comprises representatives from patient/carer groups (British Liver Trust, Liver4life, PBC Foundation and PSC Support), elected members of the BSG liver section (including representatives from Scotland and Wales), British Association for the Study of the Liver (BASL), Specialist Advisory Committee in Clinical Biochemistry/Royal College of Pathology and Association for Clinical Biochemistry, British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN), Public Health England (implementation and screening), Royal College of General Practice, British Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiologists (BSGAR) and Society of Acute Medicine...
January 2018: Gut
Can Özbay, Fatih Kemal Soy, Erkan Kulduk, Riza Dundar, Ahmet Yükkaldiran, Osman Kadir Güler, Ertan Koç
Many techniques and graft materials have been used for the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane. We conducted a retrospective study to compare anatomic and functional outcomes of type 1 tympanoplasty that we performed with boomerang-shaped chondroperichondrial cartilage grafts (BSGs) and shield-shaped chondroperichondrial cartilage grafts (SSGs) in pediatric patients. Our study population was made up 121 patients-61 boys and 60 girls, aged 7 to 16 years (mean: 12.4)-who had undergone a type 1 tympanoplasty...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Li Gao, Jin-Cai Zhong, Wen-Ting Huang, Yi-Wu Dang, Min Kang, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Though basigin (BSG) was reported to be overexpressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and correlate with the development of NPC, the molecular basis of BSG in NPC remained elusive. The aim of the research was to investigate BSG expression in NPC and the potential molecular mechanism underlying it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BSG expression in NPC tissues was detected with immunohistochemistry. Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation test were performed to examine the relationship between BSG expression and the clinico-pathological features as well as EGFR and P-53 expression in NPC...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
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