keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

carcinoma hepatocellular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356308/high-number-of-pd-1-positive-intratumoral-lymphocytes-predict-survival-benefit-of-cik-cells-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#1
Boyang Chang, Lujun Shen, Kefeng Wang, Jietian Jin, Tao Huang, Qifeng Chen, Wang Li, Peihong Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adjuvant cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells treatment has shown potential in reducing the recurrence rate and prolonging the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to identify the best predictive biomarker for adjuvant CIK cells treatment in patients with HCC after curative resection. METHODS: This study retrospectively included 145 pairs of HCC patients by one-to-one propensity score matching. One group received CIK cells transfusion after surgery (Surgery-CIK group); the other one group underwent surgery only (Surgery-only group)...
January 22, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356040/basolateral-cd147-induces-hepatocyte-polarity-loss-by-e-cadherin-ubiquitination-and-degradation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progress
#2
Meng Lu, Jiao Wu, Zhi-Wei Hao, Yu-Kui Shang, Jing Xu, Gang Nan, Xia Li, Zhi-Nan Chen, Huijie Bian
Hepatocytes are epithelial cells with highly specialized polarity. The disorder and loss of hepatocyte polarity lead to the weakness of cell adhesion and connection, the induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition and eventually the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). CD147, a tumor-related glycoprotein, promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition and the invasion of HCC. However, the function of CD147 in hepatocyte depolarization is unknown. Here we identified that CD147 was basolaterally polarized in hepatocyte membrane of liver tissues and HepG2 cells...
January 21, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356025/identification-and-therapeutic-intervention-of-co-activated-alk-fgfr2-and-epha5-kinases-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Xin Wang, Minmin Zhang, Fangfang Ping, Hongchun Liu, Jingya Sun, Yueqin Wang, Aijun Shen, Jian Ding, Meiyu Geng
Though kinase inhibitors are heavily investigated in clinic to combat advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), clinical outcomes are overall disappointing, which may result from the absence of kinase-addicted subsets in HCC. Recently, a combination strategy that simultaneously inhibits multiple kinases are increasingly appreciated in HCC treatment, yet it is challenged by the dynamic nature of kinase network. This study aims to identify kinase clusters that may cooperate to drive the malignant growth of HCC...
January 21, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355803/full-endoscopic-interlaminar-approach-for-nerve-root-decompression-of-sacral-metastatic-tumor
#4
Sheng-Hua Tsai, Hsuan-Han Wu, Chun-Yuan Cheng, Chien-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surgery has been successfully applied in the treatment of degenerative spinal disease, but few studies have assessed its use in treating sacral metastasis. Herein, a successful full endoscopic interlaminar approach for sacral nerve root decompression of a sacral metastatic tumor was presented. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 80-year-old man with history of hepatocellular carcinoma suffered from buttock pain with radiation to the right lower leg for one week...
January 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355735/photodynamic-therapy-using-5-aminolevulinic-acid-triggered-dna-damage-of-adenocarcinoma-breast-cancer-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-lines
#5
Mona A M Abo-Zeid, Mahmoud T Abo-Elfadl, Shady M Mostafa
Targeting cancer cells with a certain photosensitizer (PS) excited by appropriate laser irradiation to release singlet oxygen as a photodynamic therapy (PDT) remains a challengeable technique to destroy them effectively. This research aimed to assess the cytogenetic potential of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) activated with laser irradiation (5-ALA/PDT) to damage the intact DNA of adenocarcinoma breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2). Cancer cells were treated with 0.5 and 1 mM 5-ALA for 4 h, the precursor of the photochemical protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), and then exposed to laser irradiation at 633 nm and 0...
January 17, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355553/new-application-of-the-commercial-sweetener-rebaudioside-a-as-a-hepatoprotective-candidate-induction-of-the-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#6
Yuxin Wang, Linyao Li, Yawen Wang, Xiaokang Zhu, Mingdong Jiang, Erqun Song, Yang Song
A large population of drug candidates have failed "from bench to bed" due to unwanted toxicities. We intend to develop an alternative approach for drug discovery, that is, to seek candidates from "safe" compounds. Rebaudioside A (Reb-A) is an approved commercial sweetener from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. We found that Reb-A protects against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative injury in human liver hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Reb-A showed antioxidant activity on reducing cellular reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde levels while increasing glutathione levels and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355529/an-enhanced-anti-tumor-effect-of-apoptin-cecropin-b-on-human-hepatoma-cells-by-using-bacterial-magnetic-particle-gene-delivery-system
#7
Xi Wang, Ji-Gui Wang, Yuan-Yuan Geng, Jiao-Jiao Wang, Xiao-Mei Zhang, Shuang-Shuang Yang, Wei Jiang, Wei-Quan Liu
The gene therapy of cancer, due to the limit of its efficiency and safety, has not been widely used in clinical. Recently, bacterial magnetic particles (BMPs), which are membrane-bound nanocrystals found in magnetotactic bacteria, have been exploited as a new gene delivery system. However, its application on gene therapy remains to be explored. In our previous study, we found that a combination of cecropin B (ABPs) and apoptin (VP3) could serve as an effective gene therapeutic agent. Thus, in this study, we used BMPs to deliver the co-expression plasmid of these two gene, namely pVAX1-VA, and evaluated its therapeutic effect on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2)...
January 17, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353739/generation-of-matched-patient-derived-xenograft-in%C3%A2-vitro-in%C3%A2-vivo-models-using-3d-macroporous-hydrogels-for-the-study-of-liver-cancer
#8
Eliza Li Shan Fong, Tan Boon Toh, Xiaoxuan Lin, Zheng Liu, Lissa Hooi, Masturah Bte Mohd Abdul Rashid, Touati Benoukraf, Edward Kai-Hua Chow, The Hung Huynh, Hanry Yu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide, often manifesting at the advanced stage when cure is no longer possible. The discrepancy between preclinical findings and clinical outcome in HCC is well-recognized. So far, sorafenib is the only targeted therapy approved as first-line therapy for patients with advanced HCC. There is an urgent need for improved preclinical models for the development of HCC-targeted therapies. Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumor models have been shown to closely recapitulate human tumor biology and predict patient drug response...
January 4, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353716/hypovascular-hypointense-nodules-in-hepatobiliary-phase-without-t2-hyperintensity-long-term-outcomes-and-added-value-of-dwi-in-predicting-hypervascular-transformation
#9
Hae Jin Yang, Ji Soo Song, Eun Jung Choi, HyeMi Choi, Jae Do Yang, Woo Sung Moon
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes and risk factors associated with hypervascularization in hypovascular, hepatobiliary phase (HBP) hypointense nodules (HHNs) without T2 hyperintensity on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images in chronic liver disease patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 222 HHNs were analyzed. Multivariate analysis with a Cox proportional hazard regression model was used. RESULTS: 41 nodules became hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353652/modeling-of-normal-tissue-complications-using-imaging-and-biomarkers-after-radiation-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Issam El Naqa, Adam Johansson, Dawn Owen, Kyle Cuneo, Yue Cao, Martha Matuszak, Latifa Bazzi, Theodore S Lawrence, Randall K Ten Haken
PURPOSE: To develop normal tissue complications (NTCP) models for hepatocellular cancer (HCC) patients who undergo liver radiation therapy (RT) and to evaluate the potential role of functional imaging and measurement of blood-based circulating biological markers before and during RT to improve the performance of these models. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The data from 192 HCC patients who had undergone RT from 2005 to 2014 were evaluated. Of the 192 patients, 146 had received stereotactic body RT (SBRT) and 46 had received conventional RT to a median physical tumor dose of 49...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353503/microwave-assisted-liver-resection-versus-clamp-crushing-liver-resection-in-cirrhosis-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Zu-Bing Chen, Feng Qin, Zi Ye, Shi-Qiang Shen, Wei Li, You-Ming Ding, Qin-Yong Hu, Yi Ma
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of microwave-ablation-assisted liver resection (MW-LR) and clamp crushing liver resection (CC-LR) in cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2005 to January 2015, cirrhotic HCC patients who underwent CC-LR (n = 191) or MW-LR (n = 112) were retrospectively analyzed. We compared morbidity, mortality, disease-free survival time, and overall survival time between the CC-LR and MW-LR groups...
January 21, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353494/primary-liver-cancers-part-2-progression-pathways-and-carcinogenesis
#12
Kun Jiang, Barbara A Centeno
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and primary intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have been increasing in incidence worldwide and are leading causes of cancer death. Studies of the molecular alterations leading to these carcinomas provide insights into the key mechanisms involved. A literature review was conducted to identify articles with information relevant to current understanding of the etiologies and molecular pathogenesis of HCC and ICC. Chronic inflammatory diseases are the key etiological risk factors for both HCC and ICC, although other diseases play a role, and for many ICCs, an underlying risk factor is not identified...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353469/management-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-in-immunetolerant-phase-what-latest-guidelines-recommend
#13
Grace Lai-Hung Wong
The natural history of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is complex and may run through different immune phases that may overlap. In particulars, the immune-tolerant phase is the most interesting and not as well understood as we thought. The concept of true immune tolerance have been under challenged from immunology points of view. The major international guidelines have not yet reached a consensus on the definition of the immune-tolerant phase. While positive hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), high serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA and normal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels are the three key features of this phase, some guidelines also put age into consideration...
January 22, 2018: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353445/hypermethylation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activating-protein-like-nkapl-promoter-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-suppresses-its-expression-and-predicts-a-poor-prognosis
#14
Patrick Kwok Shing Ng, Carol Po Ying Lau, Emily Kai Yee Lam, Sheila Sai Kam Li, Vivian Wai Yan Lui, Winnie Yeo, Yuen Keng Ng, Paul Bo San Lai, Stephen Kwok Wing Tsui
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complicated disease with low survival rate partially due to frequent recurrence and no efficient therapy. Promoter hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes has been demonstrated as one of the molecular mechanisms contributing to tumorigenesis and progression in HCC. This study aims to investigate regulation of NKAPL expression by promoter methylation and its clinical relevance as a biomarker for HCC. METHODS: We measured mRNA expression of NKAPL in 5 HCC cell lines and a cohort of 62 pairs of primary HCC tumor and their adjacent non-cancer liver tissues...
January 20, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353268/non-invasive-diagnostic-criteria-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-hepatitis-b-virus-endemic-areas-is-cirrhosis-indispensable
#15
Xiao-Wen Huang, Bing Liao, Yang Huang, Jin-Yu Liang, Quan-Yuan Shan, Shun-Li Shen, Xiao-Yan Xie, Ming-de Lu, Li-da Chen, Wei Wang
AIM: To confirm whether cirrhosis is indispensable for the non-invasive diagnostic criteria for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-endemic areas. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2014, a total of 409 patients with pathologically proven focal liver lesions who underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) were recruited from our institution. Clinical liver cirrhosis, HBV/HCV infection and HCC-typical vascular pattern of the targeted lesion on CEUS were evaluated...
January 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353250/loss-of-kras-control-as-consequence-of-downregulated-microrna-622-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-its-potential-therapeutic-implication
#16
Heike Bantel, Ali Canbay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353039/cetylpyridinium-chloride-as-a-novel-inhibitor-of-hepatitis-b-viral-capsid-assembly
#17
Hyun Wook Seo, Joon Pyung Seo, Yoon Jun Kim, Guhung Jung
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. While multiple hepatitis B drugs have been developed, development of drug resistance during treatment or weak efficacies observed in some cases have limited their application. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop better pharmacological agents for HBV-infected individuals. Here, we identified cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) as a novel inhibitor of HBV. Using computational analysis of CPC-nucleocapsid proteins, microscale thermophoresis analysis of CPC binding to viral nucleocapsids, and in vitro nucleocapsid formation assays, we found that CPC interacts with dimeric viral nucleocapsid protein (known as core protein or HBcAg)...
January 15, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353009/a-rare-case-of-cutaneous-metastases-secondary-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Jamil S Alsahhar, Rajab Idriss, Ranjeeta Bahirwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352930/an-efficient-approach-to-prepare-sulfated-polysaccharide-and-evaluation-of-anti-tumor-activities-in-vitro
#19
Junlong Wang, Aijuan Bao, Xinhua Meng, Hongyun Guo, Yongdong Zhang, Yali Zhao, Weibao Kong, Junyu Liang, Jian Yao, Ji Zhang
Use of microwave radiation is one of the most potential techniques in polysaccharide derivatives synthesis due to its advantages such as higher yields, milder reaction conditions and shorter reaction times. This study was aimed at producing sulfated polysaccharides by microwave irradiation using polar reagents and solvent. Six sulfated Artemisia sphaerocephala polysaccharide derivatives (SPAS) were obtained by using chlorosulfuric acid/pyridine method in the reaction duration range of 15-300 min at a fixed microwave power of 100W...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352659/microwave-ablation-provides-better-survival-than-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-borderline-liver-function-application-of-albi-score-to-patient-selection
#20
Charing C N Chong, Kit-Fai Lee, Cheuk-Man Chu, Anthony W H Chan, John Wong, Stephen L Chan, Hon-Ting Lok, Andrew K Y Fung, Anthony K W Fong, Yue S Cheung, Simon C H Yu, Philip Johnson, Paul B S Lai
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing microwave ablation (MWA) and liver resection are lacking. This study evaluates the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with liver resection or MWA and the role of Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) score in patient selection for treatments. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients who received curative liver resection or MWA for HCC. Propensity score matching was used at a 1:1 ratio. The value of ALBI grade for patient selection was evaluated...
January 15, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
keyword
keyword
56368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"