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carcinoma colon

Patricia Guzman Rojas, Jignesh Parikh, Priya Vishnubhotla, Jeannette Vergeli-Rojas
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is an infrequent cause of malignancy that accounts for 1% of all tumors of the oral and maxillofacial region. We present a 59-year-old woman with a past medical history of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the left salivary gland treated with radiation and thoracotomy due to lung metastasis. Years after the onset of diagnosis, she presented with nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms. For this reason, an abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan was done, revealing a liver mass in the right lobe, involving segments eight and five, concerning for malignancy...
January 18, 2018: Curēus
Yoshito Hirata, Keishi Kanno, Nobusuke Kishikawa, Shinji Tomoda, Kazuki Kimura, Tomoki Kobayashi, Daisuke Miyamori, Yuichiro Otani, Masafumi Mizooka, Koji Arihiro, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Susumu Tazuma
A 46-year-old man with severe back pain visited our hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive bone metastasis and rectal wall thickness. Colonoscopy revealed circumferential stenosis with edematous mucosa, suggesting colon cancer. However, histological findings of biopsy specimens revealed inflammatory cells but no malignant cells. The patient underwent endoscopic ultrasound, which demonstrated edematous wall thickness without destruction of the normal layer structure. After unsuccessful detection of neoplastic cells by boring biopsies, we performed endoscopic mucosal resection followed by boring biopsies that finally revealed signet ring cell carcinoma...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Meili Xu, Jie Wu, Chunlian Wang, Jirong Huo, Liang Lü
To investigate the clinicopathological differences in laterally spreading tumor (LST) from the rectum and colon.
 Methods: Clinicopathological records of 198 patients with LST (116 cases in rectum, 82 cases in colon) from the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between January 2012 and January 2017 were evaluated.
 Results: A total of 198 colorectal LST were included. According to the endoscopic classification, nodular mixed type (LST-GM), homogeneous type (LST-GH), flat elevated type(LST-FE) and pseudodepressed type (LST-PD) were 127(64...
February 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Guoqing Chen, Yong Li, Wei Wang, Liping Deng
Introduction Mangosteen as a rare and precious fruit looks like a queen crown, known as "Queen of Fruit". α-Mangostin (α-MG) is the most representative xanthone isolated from the pericarp of mangosteen, possessing extensive biological activities and pharmacological properties, which can be considered as an antineoplastic agent, antioxidant, anti-proliferation and induces apoptosis in various types of human cancer cells, and has protective effect on induced apoptotic damage. Areas covered The bioactivity and pharmacological Properties of α-MG are being actively investigated by various industrial and academic institutions...
March 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Fumika Ichino, Hidemasa Bono, Takeru Nakazato, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Kikuo Iwabuchi, Ryoichi Sato, Hiroko Tabunoki
Human intestinal absorption is estimated using a human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) cells from human colorectal adenocarcinoma, intestinal perfusion, or a mammalian model. These current evaluation systems are limited in their ability to estimate human intestinal absorption. In addition, in vivo evaluation systems using laboratory animals such as mice and rats entail animal ethics problems, and it is difficult to screen compounds on a large scale at the drug discovery stage. Thus, we propose the use of Bombyx mori larvae for evaluation of intestinal absorption of compounds as an alternative system in this study...
2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Hanish Kataria, Abhinav Seth, Ashok Kumar Attri, Raj Pal Singh Punia
Amebiasis is common in tropical and developing countries with variable symptoms. Ameboma of the colon occurs rarely due to the annular growth of granulation tissue and can present as mass lesion simulating colonic carcinoma in elderly individuals. Due to diagnostic dilemma or in case of complications, for example, acute intestinal obstruction, perforation, or bleeding per rectum, the patient requires urgent surgical exploration and final diagnosis is made on histopathological examination.
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Weihua Li, Huimin Bai, Shiping Liu, Dongyan Cao, Hongying Wu, Keng Shen, Yanhong Tai, Jiaxin Yang
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is an established molecular target in many primary tumors including breast, lung, pancreatic, colon and hepatocellular carcinomas. However, its potential role in supporting endometrial cancer growth and progression has not yet been determined. In this study, we evaluated the value of SCD1 as a candidate therapeutic target in human endometrial cancer. Compared with secretory and post-menopausal endometrium, SCD1 was highly expressed in normal endometrium of proliferative phase, endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma, while was absent or low expression in non-malignant control stromal cells and adjacent normal endometrium...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Zheng Mo, Minggen Hu, Fei Yu, Lijuan Shao, Kexing Fan, Shunchang Jiao
Background: Leukemia related protein 16 (LRP16), one of the genes belonging to the macro domain family, has been found up-regulated in various tumors including testicles, ovaries and mucosa of colon and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate expression pattern and biological roles of LRP16 in pancreatic cancer. Patients and methods: Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to investigate the expression of LRP16 in pancreatic cancer cell lines and tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Chunmei Piao, Wen-Mei Zhang, Tao-Tao Li, Cong-Cong Zhang, Shulan Qiu, Yan Liu, Sa Liu, Ming Jin, Li-Xin Jia, Wen-Chao Song, Jie Du
Inflammatory cells such as macrophages can play a pro-tumorigenic role in the tumor stroma. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) generally display an M2 phenotype with tumor-promoting activity; however, the mechanisms regulating the TAM phenotype remain unclear. Complement 5a (C5a) is a cytokine-like polypeptide that is generated during complement system activation and is known to promote tumor growth. Herein, we investigated the role of C5a on macrophage polarization in colon cancer metastasis in mice. We found that deficiency of the C5a receptor (C5aR) severely impairs the metastatic ability of implanted colon cancer cells...
March 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Mohamed Abdelwahab, Nehal Salahuddin, Mohamed Gaber, Maie Mousa
Norfloxacin (NOR), a well-known antibacterial agent is also known to have potential antitumor activity. In this study, NOR was immobilized into poly(3-hydroxybutyrate/polyethylene glycol‑nickel oxide (PHB/PEG-NiO) nanocomposites using different NiO contents. The NiO nanoparticles were prepared by sol-gel method and the nanocomposites were prepared by solution cast films. Physicochemical features of nanocomposites were monitored by XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and TGA. PHB/PEG-5%NiO nanocomposites showed high NOR loading efficiency (60%) and a long-sustained release in comparison with other carriers...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Stella Arelaki, Athanasios Arampatzioglou, Konstantinos Kambas, Efthimios Sivridis, Alexandra Giatromanolaki, Konstantinos Ritis
Inflammation is a hallmark of colorectal cancer (CRC). Neutrophils are well-known mediators in tumor biology but their role in solid tumors, including CRC, was redefined by neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Given that it was recently demonstrated that platelet-derived polyP primes neutrophils to release NETs, we examined surgical specimens from CRC to investigate the presence of polyP, as a possible NET inducer. Biopsies with adenomas, hyperplastic polyps, inflammatory bowel disease and healthy colon tissues were used as controls...
2018: PloS One
Masumeh Sanaei, Fraidoon Kavoosi, Ali Valiani, Mohamed Amin Ghobadifar
Background: One of the main causes of mortality is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) which accounts for the third leading cause of deaths and one in forty deaths worldwide. The flavonoids, natural antioxidant compounds, account for a major group of polyphenolic compounds. One of the major isoflavones in soybean is genistein (GE) which can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis. Isoflavones, major type of phenolic materials, derived from dietary plants and medicinal herbs play a significant role in cancer prevention and treatment...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Wenjie Dong, Na Li, Xiufeng Pei, Xinai Wu
Dual-specificity phosphatase-2 (DUSP2), a negative regulator of extracellular-regulated kinase activity, has been identified as an important kinase with emerging roles in cancer. However, the clinical significance of DUSP2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the expression of DUSP2 was investigated using immunohistochemistry in 96 patients with CRC. Cell viability was estimated using a cell counting kit-8 assay, and cell apoptosis by flow cytometry. The relationship between DUSP2 expression and patient characteristics, including overall survival, were studied retrospectively in these patients...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jutaek Nam, Sejin Son, Lukasz J Ochyl, Rui Kuai, Anna Schwendeman, James J Moon
Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a promising cancer treatment modality, but PTT generally requires direct access to the source of light irradiation, thus precluding its utility against disseminated, metastatic tumors. Here, we demonstrate that PTT combined with chemotherapy can trigger potent anti-tumor immunity against disseminated tumors. Specifically, we have developed polydopamine-coated spiky gold nanoparticles as a new photothermal agent with extensive photothermal stability and efficiency. Strikingly, a single round of PTT combined with a sub-therapeutic dose of doxorubicin can elicit robust anti-tumor immune responses and eliminate local as well as untreated, distant tumors in >85% of animals bearing CT26 colon carcinoma...
March 14, 2018: Nature Communications
Ju-Mi Hong, Sung-Suk Suh, Tai Kyoung Kim, Jung Eun Kim, Se Jong Han, Ui Joung Youn, Joung Han Yim, Il-Chan Kim
Lobaric acid and lobarstin, secondary metabolites derived from the antarctic lichen Stereocaulon alpnum , exert various biological activities, including antitumor, anti-proliferation, anti-inflammation, and antioxidant activities. However, the underlying mechanisms of these effects have not yet been elucidated in human cervix adenocarcinoma and human colon carcinoma. In the present study, we evaluated the anticancer effects of lobaric acid and lobarstin on human cervix adenocarcinoma HeLa cells and colon carcinoma HCT116 cells...
March 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Mona Dawood, Sami Hamdoun, Thomas Efferth
Arsenic trioxide is a traditional remedy in Chinese Medicine since ages. Nowadays, it is clinically used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) by targeting PML/RARA. However, the drug's activity is broader and the mechanisms of action in other tumor types remain unclear. In this study, we investigated molecular modes of action by classical and network pharmacological approaches. CEM/ADR5000 resistance leukemic cells were similar sensitive to As2 O3 as their wild-type counterpart CCRF-CEM (resistance ratio: 1...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Seav-Ly Tran, Claire Jenkins, Valérie Livrelli, Stephanie Schüller
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are characterized by the release of potent Shiga toxins (Stx), which are associated with severe intestinal and renal disease. Although all STEC strains produce Stx, only a few serotypes cause infection in humans. To determine which virulence traits in vitro are linked to human disease in vivo, 13 Stx2a-producing STEC strains of seropathotype (SPT) A or B (associated with severe human intestinal disease and outbreaks) and 6 strains of SPT D or E (rarely or not linked to human disease) were evaluated in a microaerobic human colonic epithelial infection model...
March 13, 2018: Microbiology
Miao-Zhen Qiu, Wen-Tao Pan, Jun-Zhong Lin, Zi-Xian Wang, Zhi-Zhong Pan, Feng-Hua Wang, Da-Jun Yang, Rui-Hua Xu
Mountain of studies has showed that right-sided colon cancer (RSCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LSCC) have different clinical presentation and biologic features and should be considered as two distinct disease entities. The survival difference between RSCC and LSCC remains controversial. Using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, we identified colon adenocarcinoma patients from 2004 to 2013. The 5-year cause-specific survival (CSS) was our primary endpoint. All statistical analyses were performed using the Intercooled Stata 13...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Naoki Asayama, Shinji Nagata, Kenjiro Shigita, Taiki Aoyama, Akira Fukumoto, Shinichi Mukai
Benign colonic anastomotic stenosis sometimes occurs after surgical resection and usually requires surgical or endoscopic dilation. Limited data are available on the effectiveness and safety of the endoscopic radial incision and cutting (RIC) method at sites other than the esophagus. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of RIC dilation for severe benign anastomotic colonic stenosis. Subjects were 3 men (median age 72 years, range 65 - 76 years) who developed severe benign anastomotic stenosis after surgical resection for colorectal carcinoma and were subsequently treated by RIC dilation at Hiroshima City Asa Citizens Hospital between May 2014 and December 2016...
March 2018: Endoscopy International Open
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