keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Famine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716879/international-issues-teleneurology-in-humanitarian-crises-lessons-from-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#1
Altaf Saadi, Farrah J Mateen
Humanitarian emergencies defined by armed conflict, political strife, famine, or natural disaster can devastate populations rapidly. Neurologic disorders accompany these complex humanitarian emergencies but often go unheeded, exacerbated by a scarcity of neurologists. Teleneurology offers the promise of neurologic care remotely in the face of this inadequate local clinician supply. We describe our experiences as voluntary neurology teleconsultants with Médecins Sans Frontières in order to highlight both the promises and challenges of teleneurology in humanitarian contexts...
July 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712116/multi-century-tree-ring-precipitation-record-reveals-increasing-frequency-of-extreme-dry-events-in-the-upper-blue-nile-river-catchment
#2
Mulugeta Mokria, Aster Gebrekirstos, Abrham Abiyu, Meine Van Noordwijk, Achim Bräuning
Climate-related environmental and humanitarian crisis are important challenges in the Great Horn of Africa (GHA). In the absence of long-term past climate records in the region, tree-rings are valuable climate proxies, reflecting past climate variations and complementing climate records prior to the instrumental era. We established annually resolved multi-century tree-ring chronology from Juniperus procera trees in northern Ethiopia; the longest series yet for the GHA. The chronology correlates significantly with wet-season (r = 0...
July 16, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702255/diabetes-and-its-drivers-the-largest-epidemic-in-human-history
#3
EDITORIAL
Paul Z Zimmet
The "Diabesity" epidemic (obesity and type 2 diabetes) is likely to be the biggest epidemic in human history. Diabetes has been seriously underrated as a global public health issue and the world can no longer ignore "the rise and rise" of type 2 diabetes. Currently, most of the national and global diabetes estimates come from the IDF Atlas. These estimates have significant limitations from a public health perspective. It is apparent that the IDF have consistently underestimated the global burden. More reliable estimates of the future burden of diabetes are urgently needed...
2017: Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679438/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-medicinal-and-edible-plants-of-yalo-woreda-in-afar-regional-state-ethiopia
#4
Tilahun Teklehaymanot
BACKGROUND: The Afar people inhabit the sub-arid and arid part of Ethiopia. Recurrent drought and invasive encroaching plants are taking out plants that have cultural importance, and threaten the biodiversity and the associated traditional knowledge. Thus, the aim of the current study is to conduct an ethnobotanical survey and document medicinal and edible plants in Yalo Woreda in Afar regional state. METHODS: A cross-sectional ethnobotanical study was carried out in eight kebeles of Yalo Woreda from October 2015 to December 2016...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673566/cancer-is-an-adaptation-that-selects-in-animals-against-energy-dissipation
#5
Anthonie W J Muller
As cancer usually follows reproduction, it is generally assumed that cancer does not select. Graham has however argued that juvenile cancer, which precedes reproduction, could during evolution have implemented a "cancer selection" that resulted in novel traits that suppress this juvenile cancer; an example is protection against UV sunlight-induced cancer, required for the emergence of terrestrial animals from the sea. We modify the cancer selection mechanism to the posited "cancer adaptation" mechanism, in which juvenile mortality is enhanced through the diminished care received by juveniles from their (grand) parents when these suffer from cancer in old age...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670095/a-great-grandfather-s-account-of-the-irish-potato-famine-1845-1850
#6
EDITORIAL
John Davis Cantwell
My great-grandfather, Rodger Cantwell, and his family managed to survive the Irish famine that began in 1845. Blending what family records we have with Kelly's outstanding 2012 book about the era, the following is an historical fictional account of Rodger's saga.
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659214/the-risk-of-stroke-after-prenatal-exposure-to-famine
#7
J Horenblas, S R de Rooij, T J Roseboom
Prenatal exposure to famine is associated with an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in the offspring at adult age. The aim of this study was to assess whether prenatal exposure to undernutrition increases the risk of stroke. This study was performed in the Dutch famine birth cohort, which consist of 2414 members who were born between 1943 and 1947 in the Netherlands. In a subsample of 1177 individuals, interviews were conducted using standardized questionnaires to obtain information about medical history (which included specific questions regarding stroke) and lifestyle...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646248/-psychiatric-care-of-refugees-in-africa-and-the-middle-east-challenges-and-solutions
#8
REVIEW
K Adorjan, S Mulugeta, M Odenwald, D M Ndetei, A H Osman, M Hautzinger, S Wolf, M Othman, J I Kizilhan, O Pogarell, T G Schulze
Violence, flight, famine, and natural disasters as well as the absence of a psychosocial healthcare system are major psychological burdens for refugees. The level of provision of mental healthcare is particularly low in developing countries. Internally displaced people and refugees place high demands on the healthcare system because they often suffer from psychiatric disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders. We present first initiatives to improve psychiatric care in refugee camps in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Sudan...
June 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631815/expansion-of-sesquiterpene-biosynthetic-gene-clusters-in-pepper-confers-nonhost-resistance-to-the-irish-potato-famine-pathogen
#9
Hyun-Ah Lee, Sejun Kim, Seungill Kim, Doil Choi
Chemical barriers contribute to nonhost resistance, which is defined as the resistance of an entire plant species to nonadapted pathogen species. However, the molecular basis of metabolic defense in nonhost resistance remains elusive. Here, we report genetic evidence for the essential role of phytoalexin capsidiol in nonhost resistance of pepper (Capsicum spp.) to potato late blight Phytophthora infestans using transcriptome and genome analyses. Two different genes for capsidiol biosynthesis, 5-epi-aristolochene synthase (EAS) and 5-epi-aristolochene-1,3-dihydroxylase (EAH), belong to multigene families...
June 20, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610568/fetal-and-infant-exposure-to-severe-chinese-famine-increases-the-risk-of-adult-dyslipidemia-results-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#10
Zhenghe Wang, Changwei Li, Zhongping Yang, Jun Ma, Zhiyong Zou
BACKGROUND: To explore the associations between the Chinese famine exposure in early life and the dyslipidemia in adulthood. METHODS: We selected 2752 participants from the baseline survey of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) 2011-2012 to evaluate the associations of early life the Chinese famine exposure with risk of dyslipidemia in adulthood. Dyslipidemia was defined as TC (Total Cholesterol): HDL-C (High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol) ratio ≥ 5...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594232/revisiting-the-aids-epidemic-in-pakistan-where-we-stand-and-what-we-must-aim-for
#11
Hamza Arshad Dar, Areeba Mubashir, Manal Adil, Aiman Farzeen, Hasaan Naseer, Gohar Ayub, Sajid Mansoor, Aneela Javed
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is the major cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, where the immune system totally succumbs to the virus. A large proportion of the AIDS infected belong to developing countries and AIDS prevalence is intensified by severe poverty, malnutrition, and famine; fatal illnesses with a scorn shortage of medical amenities complemented with the lack of education and development. Current Pakistani health system setting is in a dire need of improvement...
July 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586274/famine-exposure-during-early-life-and-risk-of-hypertension-in-adulthood-a-meta-analysis
#12
Xueling Xin, Jie Yao, Feng Yang, Dongfeng Zhang
Background Many epidemiologic studies have explored the association between famine exposure and the risk of hypertension, but the results remain controversial. Objective A meta-analysis was performed to determine the association between early life famine exposure, fetal famine exposure, and childhood famine exposure and risk of hypertension. Methods A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of science, Embase and China National Knowledge Infrastructure for relevant articles published up to October 2016...
June 6, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576899/association-between-exposure-to-the-chinese-famine-during-infancy-and-the-risk-of-self-reported-chronic-lung-diseases-in-adulthood-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Zhenghe Wang, Zhiyong Zou, Zhongping Yang, Yanhui Dong, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between early-life exposure to the Chinese famine and the risk of chronic lung diseases in adulthood. DESIGN: Data analysis from a cross-sectional survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 4135 subjects were enrolled into the study from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) 2011-2012 baseline survey to analyse the associations between prenatal and early postnatal famine exposure and the risk of chronic lung diseases in adulthood...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555568/famine-in-south-sudan
#14
Sharmila Devi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533070/maternal-and-paternal-periconceptional-nutrition-as-an-indicator-of-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-later-life-through-epigenetic-imprinting-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ashley R Dunford, Janice M Sangster
AIMS: This review examined whether maternal and paternal periconceptional nutrition effects an offspring's likelihood of developing chronic metabolic related conditions due to epigenetic imprinting. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in multiple science databases and limited to studies published after 2012, in English language and peer reviewed. The data from selected articles were extracted and a qualitative approach was employed due to heterogeneity of results...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526850/drought-and-child-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-small-scale-surveys-from-ethiopia
#16
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Chiara Altare, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Shannon Doocy, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Despite the intuitive connection between drought and mortality, we still lack a sound quantitative synthesis of evidence drawn from the available data. In this study, we estimate the pooled under-five death rates (U5DR) and assess the effect of drought on child death in Ethiopia. Small-scale mortality surveys were searched from the Complex Emergency Database and then aggregated spatially and temporally with drought exposure data from the Global Drought Monitor and food insecurity data from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522194/aptamer-mediated-gene-therapy-enhanced-antitumor-activity-against-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Shuangli Xiao, Zhongbing Liu, Ruolan Deng, Chunhong Li, Shaozhi Fu, Guilan Chen, Xiaoqin Zhang, Famin Ke, Siyun Ke, Xin Yu, Shurong Wang, Zhirong Zhong
A recombinant adenovirus carrying the tumor suppressor gene PTEN (Ad5-PTEN) is an effective antitumor agent against liver cancer. But the application of Ad5-PTEN has been greatly hindered by its auto-immunogenicity, non-specific toxicity to normal tissues, as well as poor stability in blood stream because of neutralizing antibody. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is over-expressed in most solid tumors and it has been identified to be a cancer stem cell surface marker in liver cancer. An RNA aptamer EpDT3 could specially bind with EpCAM and target EpCAM-positive cells...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521622/exodus-from-hunger-the-long-term-health-consequences-of-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#18
Zhuoni Zhang, Shige Song, Xiaogang Wu
This article examines the long-term health consequences of China's 1959-1961 famine by comparing people who stayed in Guangdong and endured the famine with people who crossed the border to immigrate to Hong Kong and thus escaped the famine. Based on data from the Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD) and the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), we focused on two health indicators-body mass index (BMI) and self-rated health (SRH)-of the cohort born before 1959. Our results show that the stayers who experienced the famine have a lower BMI than the emigrants, and they are likely to have a poor SRH...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500546/quantitative-image-analysis-of-polyhydroxyalkanoates-inclusions-from-microbial-mixed-cultures-under-different-sbr-operation-strategies
#19
António L Amaral, Hugo Abreu, Cristiano Leal, Daniela P Mesquita, Luís M Castro, Eugénio C Ferreira
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) produced from mixed microbial cultures (MMC), regarded as potential substitutes of petrochemical plastics, can be found as intracellular granules in various microorganisms under limited nutrient conditions and excess of carbon source. PHA is traditionally quantified by laborious and time-consuming chromatography analysis, and a simpler and faster method to assess PHA contents from MMC, such as quantitative image analysis (QIA), is of great interest. The main purpose of the present work was to upgrade a previously developed QIA methodology (as reported by Mesquita et al...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499082/exacerbation-of-liver-steatosis-following-exposure-to-famine-and-overnutrition
#20
Zhiyuan Ning, Kun Zhang, Li Zhao, You Lu, Honglin Sun, Chi Chen, Xiaomin Nie, Meng Lu, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu
SCOPE: People suffering from famine in early life and overnutrition in adulthood may have an increased risk for liver steatosis. We aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of early nutrition restriction and overnutrition on de novo lipogenesis in the liver. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three-week-old male rats were food restricted for 4 weeks and refed a high-fat or normal-fat diet individually in metabolic cages for 9 weeks. Weight-matched groups were also set up...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
keyword
keyword
56355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"