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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903656/on-the-attitudinal-consequences-of-being-mindful-links-between-mindfulness-and-attitudinal-ambivalence
#1
Geoffrey Haddock, Colin Foad, Ben Windsor-Shellard, Sebastian Dummel, Inmaculada Adarves-Yorno
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence. Studies 1A and 1B found that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding ambivalent views and reported feeling ambivalent less often. More mindful individuals also responded more positively to feelings of uncertainty (as assessed in Study 1B). Study 2 replicated these effects and demonstrated that mindful individuals had lower objective and subjective ambivalence across a range of attitude objects but did not differ in attitude valence, extremity, positivity/negativity, strength, or the need to evaluate...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891078/design-and-development-of-novel-transcatheter-bicaval-valves-in-the-interventional-treatment-of-tricuspid-regurgitation
#2
Munirah Ismail, Foad Kabinejadian, Yen Ngoc Nguyen, Edgar Lik Wui Tay, Hwa Liang Leo
The concept of heterotopic implantation of transcatheter tricuspid valve is new and has shown promising results thus far. While the Reynolds shear stress values measured in the vicinity of this valve are relatively low, the values at some time points are higher than the threshold of platelet activation. Hence, in this study, we aim to reduce these values with an innovative stent design. It was shown that the Reynolds shear stress values measured were lower than those of valves made of generic stent design and the maximum Reynolds shear stress values in the vicinity of the valves was very low (∼10 dynes/cm(2) )...
September 11, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861330/a-plasma-cell-dyscrasia-presenting-as-amyloid-cardiomyopathy-and-autonomic-dysfunction-in-a-healthy-patient
#3
Rabih Tabet, Julie Zaidan, Boutros Karam, Samer Saouma, Foad Ghavami
Systemic amyloidosis is a rare multisystem disease caused by incorrectly folded proteins that deposit pathologically in different tissues and organs of the human body. It has a very wide spectrum of clinical presentations according to the affected organ(s), and its diagnosis is commonly delayed. Cardiac involvement is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and carries a poor prognosis, especially in primary light chain amyloidosis. Therefore any delay in the diagnosis can result in devastating outcomes for the patient...
June 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852976/experimental-study-of-right-ventricular-hemodynamics-after-tricuspid-valve-replacement-therapies-to-treat-tricuspid-regurgitation
#4
Yen Ngoc Nguyen, Munirah Ismail, Foad Kabinejadian, Chi Wei Ong, Edgar Lik Wui Tay, Hwa Liang Leo
The increased understanding of right heart diseases has led to more aggressive interventions to manage functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR). In some cases of FTR, prosthetic valve replacement is typically considered when concomitant organic components or significant geometrical distortions are involved in the pathology of the tricuspid valve. However, little is known of the performance of current devices in the right heart circulation. In this study, a novel in vitro mock circulatory system that incorporated a realistic tricuspid valve apparatus in a patient-specific silicon right ventricle (RV) was designed and fabricated...
August 29, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846786/platelet-rich-plasma-myringoplasty-a-new-office-procedure-for-the-repair-of-small-tympanic-membrane-perforations
#5
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ismail Elnashar, Yaser Ahmad Foad
We conducted a prospective study to assess the effectiveness of a platelet-rich plasma hourglass graft in the repair of small tympanic membrane perforations as an office-based procedure. Our study population was made up of 25 patients-10 men and 15 women, aged 19 to 45 years (mean: 30.4 ± 7.2)-who each underwent repair of one eardrum. After administration of topical anesthesia, a single piece of platelet-rich plasma approximately double the size of the perforation was obtained from each patient's intravenous blood sample...
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833255/a-megaporous-material-harbouring-a-peptide-ligand-for-affinity-igg-purification
#6
Foad Tehrani Najafian, Noor Shad Bibi, Tuhidul Islam, Marcelo Fernández-Lahore
Common limitations of Protein A affinity chromatography include high adsorbent costs, ligand instability and possible ligand leakage. In this study, a short peptide with affinity for IgG was synthesized chemically and subsequently immobilized on a megaporous support. The support was prepared utilising the cryogel technique while the peptide-ligand was covalently immobilised via thiol-epoxy click chemistry. The cryogel support was chemically grafted to increase the number of reaction sites. This adsorbent was designated as "MP-Pep"...
August 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811787/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-breast-cancer
#7
Noureen Shaukat, Farhat Jaleel, Foad Ali Moosa, Naeem Akhter Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and breast cancer. METHODS: This case control study included 94 female patients aged 20-75 years of any marital status and parity. Newly diagnosed 42 breast cancer patients who presented to surgical OPD of Dow University Hospital from Jan 2016 to June 2016 were included into the study as "cases" after informed consent. Age-matched 52 females who presented to OPD for complain other than breast pathology were included as the "control group"...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737044/book-review-flaps-practical-reconstructive-surgery-shokrollahi-kayvan-whitaker-iain-naha-foad-eds-flaps-practical-reconstructive-surgery-new-york-thieme-2017-hard-cover-illustrated-711-pages
#8
Annika Meyer, Joshua Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735327/genotyping-and-clinicoepidemiological-characterization-of-rotavirus-acute-gastroenteritis-in-egyptian-children
#9
Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F Foad, Aly F Mohamed
Group A rotavirus (RVA) acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common cause of severe childhood diarrhea. The dominant circulating RVA genotypes in a given region may vary between and within the geographic regions and from year to year. Our cross-sectional study was designed to determine the burden of RVA genotypes among children with AGE admitted to referral Children Hospital at Egypt prior to implementation of the vaccine. Stool samples with clinico-epidemiological data were collected from 92 children ≤ 3 years-old with AGE...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724709/-caution-this-treatment-is-a-placebo-it-might-work-but-it-might-not-why-emerging-mechanistic-evidence-for-placebo-effects-does-not-legitimise-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-sport
#10
EDITORIAL
Chris Beedie, Greg Whyte, Andrew M Lane, Emma Cohen, John Raglin, Phil Hurst, Damian Coleman, Abby Foad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719974/the-accuracy-of-common-hand-injections-with-and-without-ultrasound-an-anatomical-study
#11
Philip To, Kaylan N McClary, Micah K Sinclair, Brittany A Stout, Mohab Foad, Shannon Hiratzka, Peter J Stern
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to determine the accuracy of hand injections with and without the aid of ultrasound (U/S) into the carpal tunnel, thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint, first dorsal compartment (DC) and the radiocarpal (RC) joint. METHODS: Four participants of various level of experience injected the carpal tunnel, thumb CMC, first DC, and RC joint into 40 fresh frozen cadaver specimens with blue dye and radiographic contrast. Participants 1 and 2 were injected without U/S guidance, and participants 3 and 4 were injected with U/S guidance...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680836/ongoing-transmission-of-hcv-should-cesarean-section-be-justified-data-mining-discovery
#12
Abd Elrazek, Samy Saab, Mahmoud Foad, Elsayed A Elgohary, Mohammad M Sallam, Abdallah Nawara, Ali Ismael, Samar S Morsi, Altaher Salah, Mohamed Alboraie, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Marwa Zayed, Hossam Elmasry, Tamer Z Salem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Over the past few decades, cesarean section (CS) rates are steadily increasing in most of the middle- and high-income countries. However, most of the pregnant women (particularly undergoing CS) are not screened for hepatitis C virus (HCV); hence, neonates born to HCV-positive mother could be a source of future HCV infection. In this study, the role of the CS and other surgical interventions in HCV transmission in Egypt, the highest endemic country of HCV-4, was investigated...
March 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555358/complex-chromosomal-rearrangement-a-lesson-learned-from-pgs
#13
Tsvia Frumkin, Sagit Peleg, Veronica Gold, Adi Reches, Shiri Asaf, Foad Azem, Dalit Ben-Yosef, Mira Malcov
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to report a case of non-diagnosed complex chromosomal rearrangement (CCR) identified by preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) followed by preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) which resulted in a pregnancy and delivery of healthy offspring. METHODS: A 29-year-old woman and her spouse, both diagnosed previously with normal karyotypes, approached our IVF-PGD center following eight early spontaneous miscarriages. PGS using chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was performed on biopsied trophectoderm...
August 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527533/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-cardiovascular-diseases-for-10-causes-1990-to-2015
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gregory A Roth, Catherine Johnson, Amanuel Abajobir, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw Ferede Abera, Gebre Abyu, Muktar Ahmed, Baran Aksut, Tahiya Alam, Khurshid Alam, François Alla, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Stephen Amrock, Hossein Ansari, Johan Ärnlöv, Hamid Asayesh, Tesfay Mehari Atey, Leticia Avila-Burgos, Ashish Awasthi, Amitava Banerjee, Aleksandra Barac, Till Bärnighausen, Lars Barregard, Neeraj Bedi, Ezra Belay Ketema, Derrick Bennett, Gebremedhin Berhe, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Shimelash Bitew, Jonathan Carapetis, Juan Jesus Carrero, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Carlos Andres Castañeda-Orjuela, Jacqueline Castillo-Rivas, Ferrán Catalá-López, Jee-Young Choi, Hanne Christensen, Massimo Cirillo, Leslie Cooper, Michael Criqui, David Cundiff, Albertino Damasceno, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Kairat Davletov, Samath Dharmaratne, Prabhakaran Dorairaj, Manisha Dubey, Rebecca Ehrenkranz, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Alireza Esteghamati, Talha Farid, Maryam Farvid, Valery Feigin, Eric L Ding, Gerry Fowkes, Tsegaye Gebrehiwot, Richard Gillum, Audra Gold, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Tesfaye Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Graeme Hankey, Hamid Yimam Hassen, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Masako Horino, Peter J Hotez, Kathryn Jacobsen, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Denny John, Jost Jonas, Yogeshwar Kalkonde, Chante Karimkhani, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Khader, Abdur Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Sahil Khera, Abdullah T Khoja, Jagdish Khubchandani, Daniel Kim, Dhaval Kolte, Soewarta Kosen, Kristopher J Krohn, G Anil Kumar, Gene F Kwan, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Anders Larsson, Shai Linn, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Mohsen Mazidi, Toni Meier, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, George Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Haftay Mezgebe, Ted Miller, Erkin Mirrakhimov, Shafiu Mohammed, Andrew E Moran, Kamarul Imran Musa, Jagat Narula, Bruce Neal, Frida Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Mayowa Owolabi, George Patton, João Pedro, Dima Qato, Mostafa Qorbani, Kazem Rahimi, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Salman Rawaf, Antônio Ribeiro, Saeid Safiri, Joshua A Salomon, Itamar Santos, Milena Santric Milicevic, Benn Sartorius, Aletta Schutte, Sadaf Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Min-Jeong Shin, Mehdi Shishehbor, Hirbo Shore, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Eugene Sobngwi, Saverio Stranges, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Niguse Tadele Atnafu, Fisaha Tesfay, J S Thakur, Amanda Thrift, Roman Topor-Madry, Thomas Truelsen, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Vasiliy Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Tolassa Wakayo, David Watkins, Robert Weintraub, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Charles Wolfe, Abdulhalik Workicho, Gelin Xu, Yuichiro Yano, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Christopher Murray
BACKGROUND: The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains unclear in many regions of the world. OBJECTIVES: The GBD (Global Burden of Disease) 2015 study integrated data on disease incidence, prevalence, and mortality to produce consistent, up-to-date estimates for cardiovascular burden. METHODS: CVD mortality was estimated from vital registration and verbal autopsy data. CVD prevalence was estimated using modeling software and data from health surveys, prospective cohorts, health system administrative data, and registries...
July 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509412/-three-hits-hypothesis-for-developmental-origins-of-health-and-diseases-in-view-of-cardiovascular-abnormalities
#15
REVIEW
Xiang Li, Mengshu Zhang, Xinghua Pan, Zhice Xu, Miao Sun
"Fetal Origins of Adult Diseases" (FOAD) or "Barker hypothesis," also known as the developmental origins of health and diseases (DoHaD), was initially proposed by David Barker in the 1980s. Progress in past 2 to 3 decades demonstrated that many adult disorders, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and others, could be linked to poor development resulting from in utero insults. Utero-environments play a critical role in fetal development. Because the placenta and umbilical cord are the only important connections between the fetus and mother in the uterus, this review pays special attention to recent research and progress in the study of the relationship between those tissues and FOAD...
June 1, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509080/evaluation-of-dose-enhancement-in-presence-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-eye-brachytherapy-by-103-pd-source
#16
Hadi Rezaei, Mansour Zabihzadeh, Mahdi Ghorbani, Foad Goli Ahmadabad, Hesameddin Mostaghimi
In recent years, the use of gold nanoparticles in radiation therapy has been introduced as a new approach in radiotherapy. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in plaque brachytherapy for choroidal melanoma using Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. MCNPX code was used for simulation of human eye, (103)Pd (model 200) brachytherapy source and the 20 mm COMS eye plaque that was loaded with 24 (103)Pd seeds and standardized by Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS). The tumour was defined from the inner surface of choroid with 0...
May 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507640/histopathological-features-of-methotrexate-induced-pulmonary-lesions-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#17
REVIEW
Anthony Thaniyan, Foad F A Ayman, Hyder O Mirghani, Badr A Al-Sayed, Tarig H Merghani
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) is the most commonly used disease-modifying drug in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, it causes many side effects, including pulmonary lesions. In this review, we characterised the histopathological features of MTX-induced pulmonary lesions in RA patients. AIM: We carried out an electronic search of the relevant literature published during the period from 1990 to 2016. We included only the cases with definitive histo-pathological findings caused by MTX therapy...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500311/optimisation-of-a-novel-spiral-inducing-bypass-graft-using-computational-fluid-dynamics
#18
Andres Ruiz-Soler, Foad Kabinejadian, Mark A Slevin, Paulo J Bartolo, Amir Keshmiri
Graft failure is currently a major concern for medical practitioners in treating Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) and Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). It is now widely accepted that unfavourable haemodynamic conditions play an essential role in the formation and development of intimal hyperplasia, which is the main cause of graft failure. This paper uses Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to conduct a parametric study to enhance the design and performance of a novel prosthetic graft, which utilises internal ridge(s) to induce spiral flow...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496516/effect-of-corticosteroids-on-pain-relief-following-root-canal-treatment-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Foad Iranmanesh, Masoud Parirokh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Paul V Abbott
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative pain and flare-up may occur in up to 58% of patients following root canal treatment. The aim was to conduct a systematic review and a possible meta-analysis to determine the effect of glucocorticosteroid (GCS) on pain following root canal treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Scopus, MEDLINE and CENTRAL databases were searched up to 30(th) January 2017 with broad key words. In addition, the reference lists in eligible papers and text books were hand-searched...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472405/the-ovarian-response-in-fragile-x-patients-and-premutation-carriers-undergoing-ivf-pgd-reappraisal
#20
Sarit Avraham, Benny Almog, Adi Reches, Liat Zakar, Mira Malcov, Amit Sokolov, Sharon Alpern, Foad Azem
STUDY QUESTION: What is the association between the ovarian response and the number of CGG repeats among full mutation and premutation carriers of fragile X (FMR1), undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for PGD? SUMMARY ANSWER: Ovarian response was normal in full mutation patients but decreased in premutation carriers, although the number of repeats was not statistically significantly associated with the number of oocytes retrieved. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is inconsistent data in the literature regarding ovarian response in FMR1 carriers...
May 3, 2017: Human Reproduction
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