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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214975/surveillance-scans-in-lymphoma-friend-or-foe
#2
REVIEW
Tycel Phillips, Jessica Mercer
Advancements in the treatment of lymphoma over the last few decades have allowed more patients to achieve a remission after the completion of therapy. Due to the improvement in response rates, methods to detect recurrence early and accurately during follow-up, especially in patients with potential curable aggressive lymphomas, are a key. Observation has always involved close clinical follow-up with the use of physical exams and routine labs, but rapid changes in technology have allowed CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs to become an integral part of managing patients with lymphoma...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214961/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#3
EDITORIAL
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan L Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for Chronic Kidney Disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset Chronic Kidney Disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing Chronic Kidney Disease in the long-term...
February 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#4
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214921/vitamin-d-administration-during-pregnancy-as-prevention-for-pregnancy-neonatal-and-postnatal-complications
#5
REVIEW
Carol L Wagner, Bruce W Hollis, Kalliopi Kotsa, Hana Fakhoury, Spyridon N Karras
Pregnancy represents a time of rapid bodily change, which includes physical proportions, physiology and responsibility. At this context, maternal vitamin D stores have been the objective of extensive scientific research during the last decades, focusing on their potential effects on maternal an neonatal health. A growing body of observational studies indicated that maternal hypovitaminosis D (as defined by maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels <20 ng/ml or <50 nmol/l) is a significant risk factor for adverse neonatal outcomes including asthma, multiple sclerosis and other neurological disorders...
February 18, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214912/-the-active-offering-of-measles-rubella-and-mumps-vaccine-in-new-mothers-the-experience-of-health-facilities-in-one-of-the-local-health-unit-of-rome-lazio-italy
#6
Viviana Santoro, Valentina Pettinicchio, Andreina Lancia, Cristiana Vazzoler, Francesca De Luca, Elisabetta Franco
Rubella is a contagious disease that can be very serious, especially in unvaccinated pregnant women. The best way to be protected is getting vaccinated: MMR vaccine is very effective at protecting people against measles, mumps, and rubella, and preventing the complications caused by these diseases. According to PASSI 2012-2015 (the Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) in the territory of ex ASL Roma C only 56% of women between 18 and 49 years were immunized against rubella, thanks to vaccination (34%) or past infection detected by rubeotest (22%); 2% was susceptible and 42% of respondents did not know their immune status against rubella...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214786/cost-effectiveness-of-risk-reducing-surgeries-in-preventing-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#7
Michael G Schrauder, Lisa Brunel-Geuder, Lothar Häberle, Marius Wunderle, Juliane Hoyer, André Reis, Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Matthias W Beckmann, Michael P Lux
OBJECTIVES: Risk-reducing surgeries are a feasible option for mitigating the risk in individuals with inherited susceptibility to cancer, but are the procedures cost-effective in the current health-care system in Germany? This study compared the health-care costs for bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy (BRRM) and risk-reducing (bilateral) salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) with cancer treatment costs that could potentially be prevented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The analysis is based on interdisciplinary consultations with individuals with a high familial risk for breast and ovarian cancer at the University Breast Center for Franconia (Germany) between 2009 and 2013 (370 consultations; 44 patients with BRCA1 mutations and 26 with BRCA2 mutations)...
February 16, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#8
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214711/development-of-the-epilepsy-risk-awareness-scale-era-scale-for-people-with-epilepsy
#9
Andreas Braun, Sally Kendall, Christine Cole, Nigel Smeeton, Heather Angus-Leppan
PURPOSE: Quality of life in people with epilepsy depends on balancing protection from risks and avoiding unnecessary restrictions. The Epilepsy Risk Awareness Checklist (ERAC) was developed to summarise an individual's safety, health care and quality of life and to facilitate communication between professionals. Although effective, the existing Checklist required quantification and shortening to increase its utility, particularly as a longitudinal tool for measuring and communicating changes over time...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214705/home-and-away-area-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-obesity-risk
#10
Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Gregory Sharp, Justin T Denney
Although residential context is linked to obesity risk, less is known about how the additional places where we work, shop, play, and worship may influence that risk. We employ longitudinal data from the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS) to derive time-weighted measures of exposure to home and activity space contexts to ascertain the impacts of each on obesity risk for adults. Results show that increased exposure to socioeconomic disadvantage in the residential neighborhood significantly increases obesity risk, and although activity space disadvantage does not directly influence obesity, it reduces the association between residential disadvantage and obesity...
February 16, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214634/a-systematic-review-of-help-seeking-and-mental-health-service-utilization-among-military-service-members
#11
REVIEW
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Matthew E Schneider, Thomas E Joiner
Research has demonstrated that military service members are at elevated risk for a range of psychiatric problems, and mental health services use is a conduit to symptom reduction and remission. Nonetheless, there is a notable underutilization of mental health services in this population. This systematic review aimed to identify and critically examine: (1) rates of service use; (2) barriers and facilitators to care; and (3) programs and interventions designed to enhance willingness to seek care and increase help-seeking behaviors among current military personnel (e...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214594/association-between-light-at-night-melatonin-secretion-sleep-deprivation-and-the-internal-clock-health-impacts-and-mechanisms-of-circadian-disruption
#12
REVIEW
Yvan Touitou, Alain Reinberg, David Touitou
Exposure to Artificial Light At Night (ALAN) results in a disruption of the circadian system, which is deleterious to health. In industrialized countries, 75% of the total workforce is estimated to have been involved in shift work and night work. Epidemiologic studies, mainly of nurses, have revealed an association between sustained night work and a 50-100% higher incidence of breast cancer.The potential and multifactorial mechanisms of the effects include the suppression of melatonin secretion by ALAN, sleep deprivation, and circadian disruption...
February 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214559/radiation-therapy-for-invasive-breast-cancer-increases-the-risk-of-second-primary-lung-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-analysis
#13
Yi-Jhih Huang, Tsai-Wang Huang, Fu-Huang Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chang-Huei Tsao, Wu-Chien Chien
INTRODUCTION: Although the risk factors for lung cancer are well documented, it remains unclear if previous radiation therapy (RT) to treat breast cancer (BC) increases the incidence of second primary lung cancer. We determined the overall incidence of second primary lung cancer after previous RT for all clinical stages of BC. METHODS: After analyzing the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, 986,713 individuals were randomly enrolled from 2000 to 2010 for cohort analysis...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214468/difficulties-experienced-by-veterinarians-when-communicating-about-emerging-zoonotic-risks-with-animal-owners-the-case-of-hendra-virus
#15
Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare Posthumously
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated risks to human health. Here we report on part of a mixed methods study that examined the preparedness of, and difficulties experienced by, veterinarians communicating about HeV-related risks with their clients...
February 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214434/an-examination-of-alcohol-risk-profiles-and-co-occurring-mental-health-symptoms-among-oef-oif-veterans
#16
Jennifer M Cadigan, Alicia K Klanecky, Matthew P Martens
INTRODUCTION: Compared to the general population, veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (OEF/OIF) are more likely to engage in hazardous alcohol use and meet criteria for mental health disorders including Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Major Depressive Disorder. Less is known how distinct profiles of alcohol use behavior relate to mental health symptoms. METHOD: The current study examined the extent that indicators of alcohol use (i.e., drinks per week, peak blood alcohol concentration, and alcohol-related problems) are categorized into different alcohol risk profiles utilizing a person-centered approach...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214371/the-risk-of-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempt-in-patients-with-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-or-ankylosing-spondylitis
#17
J J Wu, R B Penfold, P Primatesta, T K Fox, C Stewart, S P Reddy, A Egeberg, J Liu, G Simon
BACKGROUND: Sparse information is available concerning mental health issues in psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. OBJECTIVE: To estimate risk of depression, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt in patients with psoriasis, PsA, and AS, respectively, compared with the general population. METHODS: This population-based cohort study analyzed 36,214 psoriasis patients, 5,138 PsA patients, and 1,878 AS patients who were frequency-matched with a general population cohort...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#18
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214106/multicenter-study-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-emergency-department-2011-2012
#19
Robert A Silverman, Kohei Hasegawa, Daniel J Egan, Kirk A Stiffler, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated a high prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma. Despite the clinical and public health importance, there have been no recent multicenter efforts to characterize this patient population. We aimed to update the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ED patients with asthma exacerbations. METHODS: Multicenter chart review study of 48 EDs across 23 US states...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214101/endophthalmitis-reduction-with-intracameral-moxifloxacin-prophylaxis-analysis-of-600%C3%A2-000-surgeries
#20
Aravind Haripriya, David F Chang, Ravilla D Ravindran
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative endophthalmitis rate before and after initiation of intracameral (IC) moxifloxacin prophylaxis for both phacoemulsification and sutureless, manual small-incision cataract surgery (M-SICS), as well as in patients with posterior capsular rupture (PCR). DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical registry. PARTICIPANTS: All cataract surgeries (617 453) performed during the 29-month period from January 2014 to May 2016 at the 10 regional Aravind eye hospitals were included...
February 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
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